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‘Table 24.4 Molecular volumes at normal boiling point for some commonly encountered compounds Compound Molecular Volume, ‘Compound Molecular Volume, Vq (em*/gmole) V, (cm'/gmole) Hydrogen, Hy 143 Nitric oxide, NO 23.6 Oxygen, O2 25.6 Nitrous oxide, NzO 364 Nitrogen, Nz 312 ‘Ammonia, NH3 25.8 Air 29.9 Water, HO 18.9 Carbon monoxide, CO 30.7 Hydrogen sulfide, H,S 329 Carbon dioxide, CO, 340 Bromine, Br 53.2 Carbonyl sulfide, COS 51S Chlorine, Clp 48.4 Sulfur dioxide, SO2 44.8 Iodine, I 15 ‘Table 24.5 Atomic volume increments for estimation of molecular volumes at the normal boiling, point for simple substances'® Element Atomic Volume Element Atomic Volume (cm’/gmole) (cm/gmole) Bromine 270 Oxygen, except as noted below 14 Carbon 148 Oxygen, in methyl esters on Chiorine 216 Oxygen, in methyl ethers 99 Hydrogen 37 Oxygen, in higher ethers Iodine 370 and other esters 110 Nitrogen, double bond 156 Oxygen, in acids 120 Nitrogen, in primary amines 105 Sulfur 25.6 Nitrogen, in secondary amines 120 The following corrections are recommended when using the atomic volumes provided in Table 24.5:'° for three-membered ring, as ethylene oxide deduct 6 for four-membered ring, as cyclobutane deduct 8.5 for five-membered ring, as furan deduct 11.5 for pyridine deduct 15 for benzene ring deduct 15 for naphthalene ring deduct 30 for anthracene ring deduct 47.5 Solvent Water Methanol Ethanol Nonpolar solvents os 26 19 Ls 1.0