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# CHAPTER NO.

CALCULATIONS

## The force exerted by pneumatic cylinder on outstroke can be expressed as,

F = P×A
________ _________ ( 1 )

## Where, F = Force (NEWTON)

P= Pressure (BAR)

D1

=150×9.81

=1471.5 N

## Putting values in equation (1), we get

1471.5 =7×105×A
1
A= ∏D12 = 2.1021×10-3 m2
4

## From DATA BOOK the standard value of cylinder is 56 mm,

Considering tipper size of our model for calculating in pneumatic design as fallows,

## Calculation for stroke for side tilting cylinder,

3.5 ft

3ft
Calculating the inclination Ø ,
3
Ø = cos−1 ( ) = 31⁰
3.5

3.52 = 32 + x2

## Assuming the shear stress (t) = 40 MPa,

Torque( T) = 16 × t× D3

= 16 × 40× 563

=1.3792 KN-m,

Assuming the maximum evacuation time of 2 min in which the complete pneumatic cylinder will
operate to its maximum stroke.
𝑀𝑎𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑢𝑚 𝑠𝑡𝑟𝑜𝑘𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑏𝑎𝑐𝑘𝑠𝑖𝑑𝑒 𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑝𝑛𝑒𝑢𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑐 𝑐𝑦𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑑𝑒𝑟 𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟
Speed (V) =
𝑀𝑎𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑢𝑚 𝑒𝑣𝑎𝑐𝑢𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑡𝑖𝑚𝑒 𝑖𝑛 𝑚𝑖𝑛

0.548
= = 0.274 m/min,
2

As we know that,
∏D N
V= 60

0.274 ∏ × 0.056 ×N
=
60 60

## N= 2.79 RPM i.e 3 RPM

The free air consumption = (piston area × (P+ 1.013) × stroke) / 1000

Where, D = Diameter in cm

L = Stroke in cm

P= Pressure in bar
The free air consumption in liters for forward stroke,

=( × D2 × (P+1.0132) × L) /1000
4

=( × 5.62× (7+1.0132) ×54.8) / 1000
4

= 10.81 lit.