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Practice Exam for the Abdomen

1. The ligament
that extends
from the A. lacunar
anterior B. interfoveolar
superior iliac C. inguinal
spine to the D. ilio-pectineal
pubic tubercle E. pectineal
and forms the
lower lateral
boundary of
the abdominal
wall, is the:
A. hepatic arteries
2. The "porta B. hepatic ducts
hepatis" of the C. autonomic nerves from the celiac plexus
liver transmits D. portal vein
all of the E. hepatic veins

3. Most of the
small intestine A. middle colic
receives its B. celiac
blood supply C. gastroduodenal
from branches D. inferior mesenteric
of a single E. superior mesenteric
artery. The
artery that
supplies most
of the small
bowel is the:
A. iliohypogastric nerve
4. Which of the B. obturator nerve
following C. lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
nerves passes D. ilioinguinal nerve
through the E. pudendal nerve
inguinal ring?
A. caudate lobe of the liver
5. The B. first part of the duodenum
posterior C. portal vein
boundary of D. common bile duct
the epiploic E. inferior vena cava
foramen (of
Monro) is the:

A. its floor is predominately formed by the inguinal

6. Regarding B. its deep ring is located just lateral to the inferior
the anatomy of epigastric artery
the inguinal C. its roof is formed by arching fibers of the internal
canal, all of the oblique and transversus muscles
following D. its deep ring is formed by peritoneum
statements are E. its superficial ring is formed by the aponeurosis of the
true about it external oblique muscle

A. T8
7. The B. T10
abdominal C. T12
aorta passes D. L1
through the E. L2
diaphragm at
which vertebral

A. gastrosplenic ligament
8. The common B. gastrohepatic ligament
bile duct, C. hepatoduodenal ligament
hepatic artery D. gastrocolic ligament
and postal vein E. falciform ligament
are found
together in the:

A. symphysis pubis and the inferior iliac spine

9. The inguinal
B. anterior and posterior superior iliac spines
ligament runs
C. left and right iliac tubercles
between the:
D. pubic tubercle and iliac tubercle
E. anterior superior iliac spine and pubic tubercle

A. renal pyramid
10. In the B. ureter
human kidney, C. major calyx
the renal D. renal columns
papilla projects E. minor calyx
directly into

A. hepatoduodenal ligament
B. peritoneum over the inferior vena cava
11. The epiploic C. peritoneum on the caudate lobe of the liver
foramen is D. free border of the greater omentum
bounded E. peritoneum at the beginning of the duodenum
anteriorly by

A. vagus nerve
B. thoracic splanchnic nerve
11. Motor C. 3rd, 4th and 5th thoracic nerves
innervation to D. phrenic nerve
the respiratory E. recurrent laryngeal nerve
diaphragm is

A. hepatic duct
12. The B. common hepatic duct
common bile C. cystic duct
duct and major D. cisterna chyli
pancreatic duct E. ampulla of Vater
join to form

13. Each of the A. gastrosplenic ligament

following forms B. left triangular ligament of the liver
a boundary of C. greater omentum
the lesser D. lesser omentum
peritoneal sac E. splenorenal ligament

A. ligament of Treitz
14. Which of B. cardiac sphincter
the following is C. ileocecal valve
located at the D. pyloric sphincter
opening E. tricuspid valve
between the
small and large

A. superior mesenteric
15. When B. left gastric
removing the C. left gastroepiploic
spleen, a D. superior pancreaticoduodenal
surgeon must E. left renal
be careful not
to cut one of its
branches, the:

A. obturator
16. Which of B. deep external pudendal
the following C. femoral
arteries is used D. superficial circumflex iliac
to characterize E. inferior epigastric
an inguinal
hernia as direct
or indirect?

17. When
performing A. base of the fossa
surgery in the B. medial wall of the fossa
ischiorectal C. lateral wall of the fossa
fossa, the D. anterior wall of the fossa
internal E. posterior wall of the fossa
vessels and
pudendal nerve
should be
avoided by
staying away
from the:
18. Infected
glands of the A. ischiorectal fossa
anus (near the B. deep perineal pouch (or space)
pectinate line) C. rectovesical fossa
may erode the D. superficial perineal pouch (or space)
wall of the anal E. retropubic space
canal and
laterally into
A. femoral
19. Which B. ilioinguinal
nerve is C. genitofemoral
identified by its D. obturator
position on the E. lateral femoral cutaneous
anterior surface
of the psoas
major muscle?

A. tunica vaginalis
20. The B. transversus abdominis aponeurosis
external C. external oblique aponeurosis
spermatic D. extraperitoneal fascia
fascia is E. internal oblique aponeurosis
derived from

A. ischiopubic ramus
B. pubic symphysis
21. The C. apex of the coccyx
perineum is D. urogenital diaphragm
bounded by all E. sacrotuberous ligament
of the following

22. The portion A. penile urethra

of the male B. spongy urethra
urethra that C. membranous urethra
passes through D. prostatic urethra
the urogenital E. external urethral sphincter
diaphragm is
called the:

A. bulb of the vestibule

B. crura of the clitoris
23. The C. labia majora
scrotum has as D. labia minora
its counterpart E. clitoris
in the female

24. When a A. ovarian artery

surgeon B. ureter
removes the C. urethra
uterus and cuts D. internal pudendal artery
the uterine E. vagina
artery, he must
be careful not
to cut the:
A. round ligament
25. The portion B. mesovarium
of the broad C. mesometrium
ligament of the D. mesosalpinx
uterus that E. parametrium
attaches to the
uterine tube is
known as the:
In the adjacent
diagram of a
sagittal section
through the
female pelvis,
select a letter
that answers
the question or

26. A space or
recess used to
reach the
urinary bladder
entering the


27. A space or
recess easily
entered from
the posterior
fornix of the

Anastomosis of
the left
artery with the
artery occurs

29. This part of

the diagram is
supplied by
short gastric
branches of the
splenic artery.

Match the
statement with
the lettered
contraction of
this muscle
results in trunk
A. rectus abdominis
B. iliacus
C. internal oblique
contraction of
D. transverse abdominis
this muscle
E. quadratus lumborum
aids in rotation
of the trunk

32. throughout
most of its
extent, the
aponeurosis of
this muscle
only to the
posterior layer
of the rectus
33. contraction
of this muscle
stabilizes the
12th rib
34. this muscle
is innervated
by the femoral
A. transverse colon
B. spleen
35. Which of C. ileum
the following D. descending colon
structures is E. jejunum

A. an enlargement of the end of the thoracic duct

B. an enlarged lymph node
C. a ganglion with a cavity in it
36. The D. a cavity formed by the convergence of the pancreatic
cysterna chyli and bile ducts
is: E. the cavity of the urinary bladder

A. covers the round ligament

B. is formed from peritoneum
37. The tunica C. lies posterior to the testis
vaginalis: D. is normally continuous with the peritoneal cavity in
the adult
In questions 38 - 42 match the numbered statement with the lettered
contraction of
this muscle
results in trunk

contraction of
this muscle
aids in rotation
of the trunk

40. throughout A. rectus abdominis

most of its B. iliacus
extent, the C. internal oblique
aponeurosis of D. transverse abdominis
this muscle E. quadratus lumborum
only to the
posterior layer
of the rectus

41. contraction
of this muscle
stabilizes the
12th rib

42. this muscle

is innervated
by the femoral
Practice Examinations
Upper Limb Practice Written Exam

Head and Neck Practice Written Exam

Head and Neck Practice Practical

Head and Neck Practice practical for Netscape users

Thorax Practice Written Exam

Abdomen Practice Written Exam

Pelvis and Perineum Written Exam

Lower Limb Practice Written Exam

General Anatomy Information


This is copyrighted©1999 by Wesley Norman, PhD