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Practice Exam for the Abdomen

1. The ligament
that extends
from the A. lacunar
anterior B. interfoveolar
superior iliac C. inguinal
spine to the D. ilio-pectineal
pubic tubercle E. pectineal
and forms the
lower lateral
boundary of
the abdominal
wall, is the:
A. hepatic arteries
2. The "porta B. hepatic ducts
hepatis" of the C. autonomic nerves from the celiac plexus
liver transmits D. portal vein
all of the E. hepatic veins
following
EXCEPT the:

3. Most of the
small intestine A. middle colic
receives its B. celiac
blood supply C. gastroduodenal
from branches D. inferior mesenteric
of a single E. superior mesenteric
artery. The
artery that
supplies most
of the small
bowel is the:
A. iliohypogastric nerve
4. Which of the B. obturator nerve
following C. lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
nerves passes D. ilioinguinal nerve
through the E. pudendal nerve
superficial
inguinal ring?
A. caudate lobe of the liver
5. The B. first part of the duodenum
posterior C. portal vein
boundary of D. common bile duct
the epiploic E. inferior vena cava
foramen (of
Monro) is the:

A. its floor is predominately formed by the inguinal


ligament
6. Regarding B. its deep ring is located just lateral to the inferior
the anatomy of epigastric artery
the inguinal C. its roof is formed by arching fibers of the internal
canal, all of the oblique and transversus muscles
following D. its deep ring is formed by peritoneum
statements are E. its superficial ring is formed by the aponeurosis of the
true about it external oblique muscle
EXCEPT:

A. T8
7. The B. T10
abdominal C. T12
aorta passes D. L1
through the E. L2
diaphragm at
which vertebral
level?

A. gastrosplenic ligament
8. The common B. gastrohepatic ligament
bile duct, C. hepatoduodenal ligament
hepatic artery D. gastrocolic ligament
and postal vein E. falciform ligament
are found
grouped
together in the:

A. symphysis pubis and the inferior iliac spine


9. The inguinal
B. anterior and posterior superior iliac spines
ligament runs
C. left and right iliac tubercles
between the:
D. pubic tubercle and iliac tubercle
E. anterior superior iliac spine and pubic tubercle

A. renal pyramid
10. In the B. ureter
human kidney, C. major calyx
the renal D. renal columns
papilla projects E. minor calyx
directly into
the:

A. hepatoduodenal ligament
B. peritoneum over the inferior vena cava
11. The epiploic C. peritoneum on the caudate lobe of the liver
foramen is D. free border of the greater omentum
bounded E. peritoneum at the beginning of the duodenum
anteriorly by
the:

A. vagus nerve
B. thoracic splanchnic nerve
11. Motor C. 3rd, 4th and 5th thoracic nerves
innervation to D. phrenic nerve
the respiratory E. recurrent laryngeal nerve
diaphragm is
the:

A. hepatic duct
12. The B. common hepatic duct
common bile C. cystic duct
duct and major D. cisterna chyli
pancreatic duct E. ampulla of Vater
join to form
the:

13. Each of the A. gastrosplenic ligament


following forms B. left triangular ligament of the liver
a boundary of C. greater omentum
the lesser D. lesser omentum
peritoneal sac E. splenorenal ligament
EXCEPT the:

A. ligament of Treitz
14. Which of B. cardiac sphincter
the following is C. ileocecal valve
located at the D. pyloric sphincter
opening E. tricuspid valve
between the
small and large
intestines?

A. superior mesenteric
15. When B. left gastric
removing the C. left gastroepiploic
spleen, a D. superior pancreaticoduodenal
surgeon must E. left renal
be careful not
to cut one of its
branches, the:

A. obturator
16. Which of B. deep external pudendal
the following C. femoral
arteries is used D. superficial circumflex iliac
to characterize E. inferior epigastric
an inguinal
hernia as direct
or indirect?

17. When
performing A. base of the fossa
surgery in the B. medial wall of the fossa
ischiorectal C. lateral wall of the fossa
fossa, the D. anterior wall of the fossa
internal E. posterior wall of the fossa
pudendal
vessels and
pudendal nerve
should be
avoided by
staying away
from the:
18. Infected
glands of the A. ischiorectal fossa
anus (near the B. deep perineal pouch (or space)
pectinate line) C. rectovesical fossa
may erode the D. superficial perineal pouch (or space)
wall of the anal E. retropubic space
canal and
rupture
laterally into
the:
A. femoral
19. Which B. ilioinguinal
nerve is C. genitofemoral
identified by its D. obturator
position on the E. lateral femoral cutaneous
anterior surface
of the psoas
major muscle?

A. tunica vaginalis
20. The B. transversus abdominis aponeurosis
external C. external oblique aponeurosis
spermatic D. extraperitoneal fascia
fascia is E. internal oblique aponeurosis
derived from
the:

A. ischiopubic ramus
B. pubic symphysis
21. The C. apex of the coccyx
perineum is D. urogenital diaphragm
bounded by all E. sacrotuberous ligament
of the following
EXCEPT the:

22. The portion A. penile urethra


of the male B. spongy urethra
urethra that C. membranous urethra
passes through D. prostatic urethra
the urogenital E. external urethral sphincter
diaphragm is
called the:

A. bulb of the vestibule


B. crura of the clitoris
23. The C. labia majora
scrotum has as D. labia minora
its counterpart E. clitoris
in the female
the:

24. When a A. ovarian artery


surgeon B. ureter
removes the C. urethra
uterus and cuts D. internal pudendal artery
the uterine E. vagina
artery, he must
be careful not
to cut the:
A. round ligament
25. The portion B. mesovarium
of the broad C. mesometrium
ligament of the D. mesosalpinx
uterus that E. parametrium
attaches to the
uterine tube is
known as the:
In the adjacent
diagram of a
sagittal section
through the
female pelvis,
select a letter
that answers
the question or
statement:

26. A space or
recess used to
reach the
urinary bladder
without
entering the
peritoneal
cavity:

A.
B.
C.

27. A space or
recess easily
entered from
the posterior
fornix of the
vagina

A.
B.
C.
28.
Anastomosis of
the left
gastroepiploic
artery with the
right
gastroepiploic
artery occurs
here:

29. This part of


the diagram is
supplied by
short gastric
branches of the
splenic artery.

Match the
numbered
statement with
the lettered
muscle.
30.
independent
contraction of
this muscle
results in trunk
flexion
A. rectus abdominis
31.
B. iliacus
independent
C. internal oblique
contraction of
D. transverse abdominis
this muscle
E. quadratus lumborum
aids in rotation
of the trunk

32. throughout
most of its
extent, the
aponeurosis of
this muscle
contributes
only to the
posterior layer
of the rectus
sheath
33. contraction
of this muscle
stabilizes the
12th rib
34. this muscle
is innervated
by the femoral
nerve
A. transverse colon
B. spleen
35. Which of C. ileum
the following D. descending colon
structures is E. jejunum
retroperitoneal?

A. an enlargement of the end of the thoracic duct


B. an enlarged lymph node
C. a ganglion with a cavity in it
36. The D. a cavity formed by the convergence of the pancreatic
cysterna chyli and bile ducts
is: E. the cavity of the urinary bladder

A. covers the round ligament


B. is formed from peritoneum
37. The tunica C. lies posterior to the testis
vaginalis: D. is normally continuous with the peritoneal cavity in
the adult
In questions 38 - 42 match the numbered statement with the lettered
muscle.
38.
independent
contraction of
this muscle
results in trunk
flexion

39.
independent
contraction of
this muscle
aids in rotation
of the trunk

40. throughout A. rectus abdominis


most of its B. iliacus
extent, the C. internal oblique
aponeurosis of D. transverse abdominis
this muscle E. quadratus lumborum
contributes
only to the
posterior layer
of the rectus
sheath

41. contraction
of this muscle
stabilizes the
12th rib

42. this muscle


is innervated
by the femoral
nerve
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Abdomen Practice Written Exam

Pelvis and Perineum Written Exam

Lower Limb Practice Written Exam

General Anatomy Information

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