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"Different Work Experiences Of Grade 12 CSS Students

In Bataan National High School During Work


A Research Presented to:

Andrea Jessa Reyes

In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements For

Inquiries, Investigation and Immersion


John Paul F. Cabading

Lara Mae Nisay

Ezraelle Allen Ison

Vincent Torno

Kenneth Perez

Emerald Arligue

December 15, 2017


The Background and Its Problem


If you immerse yourself in your work, you completely involve yourself in it, spending long

hours in the office and thinking about work all the time. Immerse can also mean to submerge in a

liquid. A science experiment might tell you to immerse a piece of paper completely in water

The word “immersion” as it applies to the K to 12 curriculum is defined in the Department

of Education (DepEd) Order No.40, series of 2015: “Work Immersion refers to the part of the

Senior High School (SHS) Curriculum consisting of 80 hours of hands-on experience or work

simulation which the Grades 11 and 12 students will undergo to expose them to the actual

workplace setting and to enrich the competencies provided by the school under the supervision of

the School Head and the designated personnel of the Partner.”

Immersion is done outside the school campus in a “Workplace immersion Venue,” defined

as “the place where work immersion of students is done. Examples of work immersion venues

include offices, factories, Shops and project sites.” What could lead to confusion is that word

“immersion” actually has two meanings in K to 12. The first meaning refers to a required SHS

subject in the curriculum. The second meaning refers not a subject but to a preferred mode of

delivery of Tech-Voc subjects.

Work Immersion is one of the course requirements for graduation. A senior High school

students has to undergo work immersion in an industry that directly related to the students

postsecondary goal. Through work immersion. The students are exposed to and become familiar

with work related to their field of specialization to enhance their competence. Specially, the
students are able to gain relevant and practical industrial skills under the guidance of industry

experts and workers appreciate the importance and application of the principles and theories taught

in school. Enhance their technical skills and knowledge. Enrich their skills in communications and

human relations and develop good work habits, attitude, appreciation, and respect for work. These

prepare them to meet the needs and challenges of employment or their education after graduation.

The focused of the study is to seek and gather some information about different experiences

of grade 12 CSS students in Bataan National High School during work immersion. We want to

help our fellow students to overcome this challenges and finish their study and avoid repeating in

secondary level.

Statement of the problem

The general problem of the study is to determine the different work experiences of grade

12 CSS students in Bataan National High School during work immersion. Specifically the study

seeks to answer the following question:

1. What is the profile of the student in terms of:

1.1 Age

1.2 Sex

1.3 Academic Performance

1.4 Work Performance

2. What problems does the students encounter during work immersion?

3. What are the work experiences encountered of the students during their work immersion?
Significance of the Study

The result of the study may hopefully give better insight to the following groups of people

for the following reason:

Student. This research will benefit my fellow students this study will help them to have an

idea what is the immersion is, and to give them some background knowledge in the field of

working and this study also helps my fellow to prepare themselves to be ready in their work

immersion class.

Members of the Academic. This research may involve the teacher or the adviser that

handling a class that going to have a work immersion. This will help them also because they are

mentors that helps student to practice their skills in the field of working. This study makes their

job easier and faster.

Parents. This parents may also benefit on this research because they not thinking their

children will failed in their work immersion class they didn’t spend more money to their children

to study again because she/he did not finish the work immersion that can cause of children to not

attending graduation. They not problem it anymore because if this research.

Future researchers. This researcher may also help future researchers that seek to different

experiences of grade 12 CSS student BATAAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL during their

immersion class. This study give them some information and guide them to a right way to finish

their study faster and correct.

Scope and Delimitation Of The Study

The research focused on the different experiences of grade 12 CSS students in Bataan

National High School during their work immersion .It includes thirty (30) Senior high school

Students taking a track Computer System Servicing or CSS at Bataan National High School Senior

High School in the year of 2017-2018

The study is knowing the different experiences of grade 12 CSS students in Bataan

National High School. It includes the following their work performance, values and attitude they

were showing to the industry expert, work habits, positive and negative experiences they were

encountered while at work. They working but at the same time they were learning about something.

The researchers considered working on study to find out there’s an effect on the students

fail to succeed in school will help you to know when to step in and help. Allowing them to suffer

the consequences of achieving their goals to become Successful.

The researcher will use a sampling method with inquiries which is not answerable by yes

or no. The researcher selects a group of students from the strand of Tech-voc Computer System

Servicing or CSS. The researcher use questionnaire to get some data to supplement this study that

will make this correct and support the data that we collected.

Definition Of Terms

Immersion- complete involvement in some activity or interest.

Simulation- something that is made to look, feel, or behave like something else especially so that

it can be studied or used to train people.

Senior- a student in the final year of high school or college

Submerge- to make (yourself) fully involved in an activity or interest

Supervision- the action or process of watching and directing what someone does or how

something is done
Notes in Chapter I


http://www.philstar.com/education-and home/2015/09/10/1498087/immersion-k-12


Theoretical Framework

This chapter presents the review of related literature of our research the different work

experience of grade 12 CSS students in Bataan National High School during work immersion this

chapter includes the background of the variables understatement of the problem age, sex, academic

and work performance.

Related Literatures

Age. Many young people are likely to be new to the workplace and in some cases will be

facing unfamiliar risks, from the job they will be doing and from their surroundings. You will need

to provide them with clear and sufficient instruction, training and supervision to enable them to

work without putting themselves and other people at risk. Young people are likely to need more

supervision than adults. Good supervision will help you get a clear idea of the young person’s

capabilities and progress in the job and monitor the effectiveness of their training. You will need

to consider how much training is necessary. A proportionate approach is needed, for example a

low-risk business would not be expected to have a need for lengthy technical training. Similarly,

where a student is on a short term work experience placement, induction and training needs should

be tailored to the tasks they are going to be doing.

Children below the minimum school leaving age (MSLA, 2010) must not be employed in

industrial work places such as factories, construction sites etc. except when on work experience.

Children under 13 are generally prohibited from any form of employment. Local authorities have

powers to make bye-laws on the types of work, and hours of work, children aged between 13 and

the MSLA can do. Immersion experiences are a form of experiential learning which typically
involve intensive educational instruction and exposure to complex social issues, often taking

students outside of their comfort zones to critically examine their own pre-conceived notions and

biases. Beyond case studies and other more qualitative work (e.g., Jones, Rowan-Kenyon, Ireland,

Niehaus, & Skendall, 2012), empirical research and assessment practices that explore the impact

of short-term immersion experiences are limited.

Bowman, Brandenberger, Mick, and Smedley (2010) conducted one of the few quantitative

studies using questionnaires to show that well-structured immersion experiences can positively

influence college student’s attitudes and understanding of social justice issues; this work even

suggested that short-term immersions can be as effective, and sometimes even more impactful,

than traditional semester-long courses. Still, most studies of immersion experiences have not used

validated measures for all of these areas. Moreover, meaningful assessment of service-learning,

and particularly immersion experiences, should consider longer term impact. How truly

transformational are these experiences if the changes in participants are short-lived? The few

studies that have explored long-term impact (e.g., Kiely, 2004) suggest that students struggle to

sustain changes in their attitudes and actions after these experiences have ended.

The above mentioned literatures state that we have a law that protects every youth on being

abused to force them to work in early age because age has a greater effect on the work performance

of the students. Below of the age 18 can have a work but they will need they parents permit and

they have designated hours to work.

Sex. Gender at Work also finds that legal discrimination is a remarkably common barrier

to women's work. Restrictive laws can hinder women's ability to access institutions, own or use

property, build credit, or get a job. In 15 countries, women still require their husbands consent to

work. To address these inequalities, the report recommends governments target actions that cover
a woman's life cycle saying interventions that focus only on women of productive age start too late

and end too early. The commitment must begin with fostering girls and boys skills and aspirations

equally from their early years, so it stays with them long enough that they and future generations

enjoy a more equitable and prosperous world, Klugman said.

Women around the world still face huge, persistent gender gaps at work, according to a

new report by the World Bank Group, which calls for bold, innovative measures to level the

playing field and unleash women's economic potential. By virtually every global measure, women

are more economically excluded than men, according to Gender at Work. Trends suggest women's

labor force participation worldwide has stagnated over the past 30 years, dropping from 57 to 55

percent globally, despite accumulating evidence that jobs benefit women, families, businesses, and

communities. "The reasons for this will differ from country to country, but we think that the

persistence of norms which means that women don't have as much choice over their livelihoods as

men as well as legal barriers to work are both playing important roles," said Jeni Klugman, World

Bank Group Gender and Development Director.

A companion to the 2013 World Development Report on jobs, the report notes that since

women face multiple constraints to jobs, starting early and extending throughout their lives,

progressive, broad-based, and coordinated policy action is needed to close gender gaps. Common

constraints include lack of mobility, time, and skills, exposure to violence, and the absence of basic

legal rights.

The afore mentioned reveals that gender of every students can affect also the work

performance because sometimes companies has discrimination regarding on their gender but now

this problem or issue is not a big deal because now a days work of men is not only for men it can

be work also by women.

Academic Performance. Academic performance is an important component of success of

the students during their entire schooling. It provides data and information to describe the level of

ability to understand, comprehend, apply, analyze, evaluate and synthesize things related or

interrelated to their disciplines. Determining its correlation with the on-the-job performance would

make it clear to the curriculum developers and program implementers as well as teachers on how

they should deliver better services to enhance both performances. In trying to strengthen the quality

assurance system in Philippine higher education, institutions of higher learning were mandated to

upgrade higher education curricular offerings to international standards (Valdez, 2012). The

curriculum was developed to integrate an in depth academics, laboratories and field internship

programs that will ensure the efficiency and quality to meet worlds class standards (Mejia,

Manzano & Menez, 2014).

This study analyzed the performance of the students enrolled in AB Paralegal Studies to

examine the areas for improvement in the program of study and how the students can still develop

and enhance their knowledge, values and skills to become qualified future professionals in

performing critical and analytical tasks that will require them to accomplish. Internship is an

important part of Outcomes-based education that evaluates the products of university instruction,

therefore, it always necessary to assess the output of a certain process for continuous improvement.

The afore mentioned reveals that academic performance has a greater effect on the work

performance of the students because if they are excellent in academics they are fast learner so they

can adjust fast and flexible at Work.

Work performance. On-the-Job Training requires the students to demonstrate specific

skills related to their respective field of specialization that would be essential application to their

future work environment. It also provides ideas and real picture of the corporate world including
the atmosphere of the work place, attitude of the work force and the organizational culture that the

new employees might need to adapt and live in. Higher Education Institutions strengthen their

industry partnerships and collaboration through sending students for internship. These industries

become the training ground of the students to develop and enhance more their communication

skills and confidence to face the big challenges and requirements of their respective fields.

On the Job Training (OJT) is one of the mechanics of Higher Education industries in

developing the needed competencies of its graduates. Its goals and objectives served as a guide in

developing the needed competencies for a particular job, and translating the training into a gainful

working experience (Ylagan, 2013).The internship is the culminating academic exercise for human

service students, as well as students from a variety of disciplines in two and four-year academic

programs An internship combines the theory that students learned in school with practical work

experience and lasts for about three months to a year (Ebreo et al, 2014). Allowing the graduating

students to apply what they have learned from books in a work environment through On-the-Job

Training would develop their work values and attitude necessary to achieve the ultimate goal of

producing efficient and effective leaders and professionals in cross-cultural and multidisciplinary

undertakings (Laguador, 2013a).Obedience of the students to their professors helped them built a

strong character of complying with the requirements and demands of their immediate superiors.

Unity of their ideas to keep their team working is another mind-setting which let them prove that

they are really qualified in the position while their creativity and innovativeness brought them up

to stand out among the employees who have the necessary skills but never discovered their talents,

ingenuity and resourcefulness (Laguador & Dotong, 2013).Internship has substantial educational

and practical implications for public administration. Another benefit of quality students

participating in internships is that they may otherwise not consider pursuing a public sector career
due to insufficient knowledge about the way that the government works. Internship programs can

be even more useful for countries that adopt civil service exams as a primary recruitment

instrument. Since civil service exams partially measure the true capacity of prospective civil

servants, internship programs can be used as a complementary source of recruitment (Ko & Sidhu,

2012). A negative internship experience can have an even more negative impact than no internship

at all. This suggests that the government should pay more attention to the needs of interns and

institutionalize a procedure to evaluate students satisfaction with internship programs (Ko &

Sidhu, 2012).The AB Paralegal Studies program enables its graduates to understand the concept

of legal studies, politics and political science, principles, practices and problem of public

administration. It equips students with the necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes to be able to

work in law offices or perform duties/ related to legal procedures and preparations of legal

elements. The paralegal profession traditionally offers stable income and good benefits, as well as

job satisfaction and professional recognition to individuals who are unable or uninterested in

investing the time and financial resources needed to attend law school or pursue other professional

careers (Gierke, 2009).

The AB Paralegal Studies program enables its graduates to understand the concept of legal

studies, politics and political science, principles, practices and problem of public administration.

It equips students with the necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes to be able to work in law

offices or perform duties/ related to legal procedures and preparations of legal elements. Executive

politics is not just about the executive, it is about the how policies are executed. This area of interest

considers the different ways in which policies seek to steer society, and how public services are

designed and operated (Lodge & Wegrich, 2012). Acquiring the skills on public administration

and understanding the Philippine politics would provide wider perspective for the students to
realize the challenges of their future work environment. Getting involved in various activities and

exercises of law offices and firms would also provide them better opportunities to appreciate the

nature of their duties and responsibilities. Ensuring a successful internship requires a marriage of

student abilities with appropriate supervision. Finding appropriate host organizations for

internships presents unique challenges. Securing organizational projects or assignments that can

be completed within a relatively short time frame and that provide appropriate experiences for the

students level of training is critical. The internship should entail meaningful projects that will

contribute to a true learning experience, not menial tasks (Shoenfelt, Kottke & Stone, 2012).

The above mentioned states that students need to learn not only by lectures or their

academics they need to sharpened their skills performance and experienced the real world of

industries. The work immersion or we all known OJT or On the job training is the way of

Department of Education to make students excellent not only in their academics but also in their

specialization .

Related Studies

As cited from the study of Kathryn Hoehn Anderson intitled "Immersion Research

Education:Studies as catalysts in International Collaboration Research" published in the year 2010.


The goal of increasing the understanding of other cultures’ worldviews has resulted in

increased numbers of study abroad programs for university students in nursing and health-related

disciplines (Crump et al. 2010; Janes 2008; Koskinen & Tossavainen 2004; Wheeler et al. 2008).

Concurrently, goals to increase family health promotion and decrease health disparities in

vulnerable populations have become global concerns. Much of the vulnerability seen in global
populations is directly related to chronic health conditions, social inequities, and a lack of health

promotion services available to families (Whitehead & Dahlgren 2006; WHO 2011). In an effort

to understand the complexity of chronic illness and its impact on vulnerable families, an

international research partnership to conduct cross-cultural research was created. The intent was

to explore and compare family health issues, disparities in existing chronic illnesses, social

inequities, and health care solutions in multiple countries.

A greater number of trained international researchers are believed to narrow the health care

gap for families in the U.S.A and collaborating countries. Working toward this goal, the research

training effort involves pairing minority college students from the USA with international nursing

faculty. Partner universities in Germany, Italy, Austria, the United Kingdom (U.K.), Colombia,

Thailand, and the U.S.A participated in the development of this research education project and

continue program maintenance and upgrades. This paper describes the concept of the research

training program, its education and research components, and selected student and faculty

outcomes. It also explains how students have become catalysts in the collaborative research of the

faculty. This information may encourage readers to embark on their own collaborative research or

education of students with the aim of increasing research knowledge and cultural awareness and

sensitivity to the health issues of vulnerable populations.

The above mentioned study states that on the job training or work immersion helps students

to innovate their self to adjust their self to the fast globalization.

Definition Of Terms

Circumstances -an event or situation that you cannot control.

Comfort Zone -a place, situation, or level where someone feels confident and comfortable.
Empirical -based on testing or experience.

Globalization -the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked

especially by free trade, free flow of capital, and the tapping of cheaper foreign labor markets.

Innovative - having new ideas about how something can be done.

Risk -someone or something that may cause something bad or unpleasant to happen.

Simulations -something that is made to look, feel, or behave like something else especially

so that it can be studied or used to train people.

Supervision -action or process of watching and directing what someone does or how

something is done.
Notes in Chapter II





Research Methodology

This chapter describes the methods and techniques of the study, the respondents, the

instruments that will be used and its validation and construction, the procedure for the collection

of data and the statistical treatment of data.

Research Design

The researcher chose a survey research design because it best served to answer the

questions and the purposes of the study.

The survey research is one in which a group of people or items is studied by collecting and

analyzing data from only a few people or items considered to be representative of the entire group.

The researcher choose a qualitative research design, Qualitative research is a method of

inquiry employed in many different academic disciplines, including in the social sciences and

natural sciences, but also in non-academic contexts including market research, business, and

service demonstrations by non-profits.

Qualitative methods are an integral component of the five angles of analysis fostered by

the data percolation methodology, which also includes quantitative methods, reviews of the

literature, interviews with experts and computer simulation, and which forms an extension of data

triangulation. To help navigate the heterogeneous landscape of qualitative research, one can further

think of qualitative inquiry in terms of 'means' and 'orientation' (Pernecky, 2016).

There are so many types of qualitative research design to be specific the researcher used a

case study. Case study method enables a researcher to closely examine the data within a specific
context. In most cases, a case study method selects a small geographical area or a very limited

number of individuals as the subjects of study. Case studies, in their true essence, explore and

investigate contemporary real-life phenomenon through detailed contextual analysis of a limited

number of events or conditions, and their relationships.

Case study research, through reports of past studies, allows the exploration and

understanding of complex issues. It can be considered a robust research method particularly when

a holistic, in-depth investigation is required. Recognized as a tool in many social science studies,

the role of case study method in research becomes more prominent when issues with regard to

education (Gulsecen & Kubat, 2006), sociology (Grassel & Schirmer, 2006) and community based

problems (Johnson, 2006), such as poverty, unemployment, drug addiction, illiteracy, etc. were

raised. One of the reasons for the recognition of case study as a research method is that researchers

were becoming more concerned about the limitations of quantitative methods in providing holistic

and in-depth explanations of the social and behavioral problems in question. Through case study

methods, a researcher is able to go beyond the quantitative statistical results and understand the

behavioral conditions through the actor’s perspective. By including both quantitative and

qualitative data, case study helps explain both the process and outcome of a phenomenon through

complete observation, reconstruction and analysis of the cases under investigation.

Past literature reveals the application of the case study method in many areas and

disciplines. Among them include natural examples in the fields of Sociology (Grassel & Schirmer,

2006), Law (Lovell, 2006) and Medicine (Taylor & Berridge, 2006). In addition, there are also

other areas that have used case study methods extensively, particularly in government,

management and in education. For instance, there were studies conducted to ascertain whether

particular government programmed were efficient or whether the goals of a particular programmed
were reached. In other examples, such as in education, evaluative applications were conducted to

assess the effectiveness of educational programmed and initiatives. In these types of study, limiting

to only quantitative method would obscure some of the important data that need to be uncovered.

Population and Sampling Method

For some studies, the population may be small enough to warrant the inclusion of all of them

in the study. But a study may entail a large population which cannot all be studied. The study

involved the Thirty (30) grade 12 students that are currently enrolled at the strand of Technical

Vocational Livelihood Education in the track of Computer System Servicing or CSS school year

2017-2018 at Bataan National High School.

The researcher used a convenience sampling or availability sampling. Convenience sampling

(also known as availability sampling) is a specific type of non-probability sampling method that

relies on data collection from population members who are conveniently available to participate

in study.

Convenience sampling is a type of sampling where the first available primary data source

will be used for the research without additional requirements. In other words, this sampling method

involves getting participants wherever you can find them and typically wherever is convenient. In

convenience sampling no inclusion criteria identified prior to the selection of subjects. All subjects

are invited to participate.

Application of convenience sampling is the easiest compared to other sampling methods.

Suppose, your dissertation is devoted on the following topic: A study into the sustainability of

viral marketing as a marketing tool in the future.

Using convenience sampling method, you can send a link to the online questionnaire to

individuals on your mobile phone’s contact list, to individuals you are connected to via social

networking websites such as Facebook, LinkedIn, Google+ and to individuals whom you know in

person. This would be the easiest and the most convenient way of recruiting the sources of the

primary data for your research. Saunders, M., Lewis, P. & Thornhill, A. (2012) “Research Methods

for Business Students” 6th edition, Pearson Education Limited.

Data Collection Procedure

The researcher validates their questionnaire to the experts or to the teachers to become valid

before they give the survey questions to the respondents. This makes the questionnaire liable and

can collect data without a bias.

The investigation starts by observing because researchers are not with the respondents this

observation is called indirect monitoring or the respondents share their experience to the researcher

to collect data.

The researcher conduct a survey to collect data from other to supplement the study to make it

valid and true. The researcher prepared some questionnaire and give to the selected respondents.
Notes In Chapter III


Qualitative Data Analysis

In this chapter, the researcher interpreted the data that collected by conducting a survey

and analyze. This chapter presents the data collected from the respondents of Grade 12 CSS

students after their work immersion.

Interpretation of Data

In the part 1 of the survey form the respondents will answer agree and disagree question.

The researchers give some question that the respondents answering it by agree or disagree. In the

number 1 question in the survey form the most common answered by the respondents is agree.

The respondents agree that the distance of their house has a greater effect on how fast they will

arrive at their work place. In the number 2 question the most common answered by the respondents

is agree. The respondents agree that the availability of the transportation has a greater effect on

how fast they will arrived at their assigned company. In the number 3 question the most common
answered by the respondents is agree. The respondents agree that the attitude of their co-workers

can affect their work performance. In the question number 4 the most common answered by the

respondents is agree. The respondents agree that having a good relationship with their superior

will lead them to have a well work performance.

In the second part of the questionnaire the respondents answered the following by yes or

no. In the question number 5 the most common answered by the respondents is yes. The

respondents experienced the problem of having a shortage in their budget while in work

immersion. In the question number 6 the most common answered by the respondents is no. The

respondents didn’t experienced coming late to their work because of the distance of their house

from work place. In the number 7 the most common answered by the respondents is yes. The

respondents experienced of having a good grade because of the good attitude. In the number 8

question the most common answered by the respondents is no. The respondents didn’t experienced
coming home late because of their overtime in work. In the number 9 question the respondents

answered is yes. The respondents applied their own knowledge and skills in their work immersion.

The total respondents that answered the questionnaire are 30 grade 12 CSS students in

Bataan National High School in the school year 2017-2018.

Data Analysis

In the first part of the questionnaire, this chapter includes the name of the respondent’s age,

sex, and their track and strand.

The second part of the questionnaire is the AGREE/DIS-AGREE question the below graph

interpret the summary of the data collected in 30 Grade 12 CSS Student in Bataan National High

School Senior High School Students.


1. 28 2 30

2. 25 5 30

3. 22 8 30

4. 27 3 30

In the third part of the questionnaire is the YES/NO question the below graph interpret the

summary of the data collection in 30 Grade 12 CSS students in Bataan National High School

Senior High School Students.


5. 22 8 30

6. 13 17 30

7. 25 5 30

8. 11 19 30

9. 27 3 30

In the last part of the questionnaire has a choices the below graph interpret the summary of

the data collection in 30 Grade 12 CSS students in Bataan National High School Senior High

School Students.

No. of respondents


20% 30% Location or distance of your house

from your work place
time Management

Relationship with the employees or
23% co-workers
As you can see, the transportation is the number 1 problem of the student they experience

while in the work immersion. The transportation represents the color blue in the pie chart. Then

the least problem of the students while in the work immersion is the relationship with the

employees and co-workers it represents the color sky blue in the pie chart.

Summary of Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendation

This chapter presents the summary of the research work undertaken, the conclusions drawn

and the recommendations made as an outgrowth of this study. This study is all about the different

work experiences Of Grade 12 CSS Students in Bataan National High School during work


Summary of Findings


With the findings analyzed, the researches arrived at the following conclusion.

The researcher believes that the students has a different work experiences during work

immersion. The researcher gathered that has a positive and negative to the student during work

immersion. Based on the findings of the researchers conclude that with a greater possibility

experience during work immersion is the transportation distraction instead to go earlier in their

work places.

In the survey conducted at Bataan National High School Balanga, Bataan, the majority of

the students thought the transportation have a negative experience during work immersion. If taken

as a whole, these studies seems to indicate and show the bad experience during work immersion.

Students should choose a near work place to their house, students should discipline

themselves to avoid coming late in their work place. Students must know how they can bring their

attitude to their superior and to their work mate.

The researchers only survey a tiny part of the student nowadays. It is highly recommended

to have though research about the subject.