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INTRODUCTION TO OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (1994)

INTRODUCTION TO OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (1994) DR. FATEHAH MOHD OMAR 5th MARCH 2018

DR. FATEHAH MOHD OMAR 5th MARCH 2018

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

•

To learn the general content of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994.

•

To understand the general duties of employers and self-employed persons.

•

To understand the general duties of employees.

•

To understand the importance of safety and health organizations in a company.

•

To understand the general steps of safety and health at a workplace and application of OSHA 1994 during accidents or similar incidents.

QUIZ

QUIZ

1 . What is the name of the agency that works to develop and enforce regulations that are related to safety and health?

A. Division of Safety and Health

B. Department of Safety and Health

C. Safety and Health Organization Malaysia

D. National Institutuion of Safety and Health

2 . What does OSHA stand for?

A. Organization of Safety and Health Assurance

B. Occupational Safety and Health Act

C. Organization of Safety and Health Assurance Act

D. Occupational Security and Health Act

3 . What is NOT the purpose of the Occupational Safety and Health Act?

A. To secure safety, health and welfare of persons at work.

B. To protect persons against risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work.

C. To create and provide a secured working ambiance that is comfortable for all persons at work.

D. To establish the National Council for Occupational Safety and Health, and for matters connected therewith.

4 . In which year was the Occupational Safety and Health Act enforced?

A. 1984

B. 1974

C. 1994

D. 1964

5 . How many PARTS are there in the Arrangement of Sections in the EQA 1974 ?

A. 14

B. 15

C. 16

D. 17

6 . What is the top position in the Department of Safety and Health?

A. Secretary General

B. Director General

C. Minister

D. Prime Minister

7 . The following is given emphasis relevant to OSHA 1994 EXCEPT?

A. The classification, labelling and safety data sheet of hazardous chemicals.

B. Steps of notification of accident, dangerous occurrence, occupational poisoning and occupational disease.

C. Actions to be taken on managing the welfare of all workers at the workplace.

D. How to control of industrial major accident hazards.

8 . Which of the following is UNTRUE?

A. It is the duty of every employee to buy insurance before commencing a job at a workplace to ensure his safety and health means are covered.

B. Every employee must cooperate with his/her employer or fellow colleagues whenever conducting their duties at work.

C. It is compulsory for each worker to wear protective equipment (PPE) for the purpose of preventing risks to his safety and health.

D. All instructions or occupational measures must be complied with when it comes to safety and health.

9 . These are among the misconducts at the workplace that interferes with safety and health EXCEPT:

A. I ntentionally parking the forklift and blocking the main access path .

B. Updating the inventory sheet of the chemical

storage area.

C. Disposing excess alcohol into the toilet bowl .

D. Shifting the oil drums from the designated area

to a move convenient location behind the gas tank.

10 . Which is NOT the responsibilities of a safety and health officer (SHO)?

A. To promote safe conduct or practice at the work place .

B. To obtain a competency certificate from the National Institute of Safety and Health of Malaysia.

C. To penalize any employee who do not comply to the OSHA 1994.

D. To report to the Department of Safety and Health on any accidents that occurs at the workplace .

WHAT’S YOUR SCORE?

WHAT’S YOUR SCORE?

INTRODUCTION

Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a basic human right for safety at workplace.

INTRODUCTION • Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a basic human right for safety at workplace.

OSHA in Malaysia is an Act which provides the legislative framework to secure the safety, health and welfare among all Malaysian workforces and to protect others agains risks to safety or health in connection with the activities of persons at work.Gazetted on 24 t h February 1994. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT 1994

Gazetted on 24 t h February 1994. th February 1994.

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT

1994

with the activities of persons at work. Gazetted on 24 t h February 1994. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY
with the activities of persons at work. Gazetted on 24 t h February 1994. OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY

OBJECTIVES OF OSHA 1994

Secure the safety, health and welfare of persons at work against risks to safety or health arising out of the activities of persons at work.

Protect a person at a place of work other than persons at work against risks to safety or health arising out of the activities of persons at work.

Promote an occupational environment for persons at work which is adapted to their physiological and phychological needs.

Provide the means whereby the associated occupational safety and health legislation may be progressively replaced by a system of regulations and approved industry codes of practice operating in combination with the provisions of this Act designed to maintain or improve the standards of safety and health .

UNDERSTANDING OF OSHA

1994

The Act contains 67 sections , divided into 15 parts and appended with 3 schedules. The first three parts state the objects of the Act and provide the infrastructure for appointment of officers and the National Council (Majlis Kebangsaan) Part IV (4) to VI (6) provides the general duties for those who create the risks e.g. employer, self-employed person, designer, manufacturer, supplier, etc and those who work with the risks i.e. employees.

EMPLOYERS’ RESPONSIBILITY (PART IV, SECTION 15-19)

Provide a workplace free from recognized hazards and comply with OSHA standards.

Provide training required by OSHA standards.

Keep records of injuries and illnesses.

Provide medical exams when required by OSHA standards and provide workers access to their exposure and medical records.

Provide medical exams when required by OSHA standards and provide workers access to their exposure and

EMPLOYERS’ RESPONSIBILITY (PART IV, SECTION 15-19)

EMPLOYERS’ RESPONSIBILITY (PART IV, SECTION 15-19) • Not discriminate against workers who exercise their rights

Not discriminate against workers who exercise their rights under the Act (Section 11 (c)).

Provide and pay for personal protective equipment (PPE).

EMPLOYEES’ RESPONSIBILITY (PART VI, SECTION 24-27)

EMPLOYEES’ RESPONSIBILITY (PART VI, SECTION 24-27) • Right to hazard exposure and medical records. • Right

Right to hazard exposure and medical records.

Right to file a complaint with OSHA.

Right to participate in an OSHA inspection.

Right to be free from retaliation for exercising safety and health rights

Worker responsibilities.

DEPARTMENT OF SAFETY AND HEALTH (DOSH)

Under the Ministry of Human Resources Malaysia.

Enforcement and promotional works that employers, self- employed persons, manufacturers, designers, importers, suppliers and employees always practice safe and health work culture, and always comply with existing legislation, guidelines and codes of practice.

practice safe and health work culture, and always comply with existing legislation, guidelines and codes of

DEPARTMENT OF SAFETY AND HEALTH (DOSH)

Formulate and review legislation, policies, guidelines and codes of practice pertaining to occupational safety, health and welfare as a basis in ensuring safety and health at work

codes of practice pertaining to occupational safety, health and welfare as a basis in ensuring safety
SAFETY HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN MALAYSIA
SAFETY HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN MALAYSIA
SAFETY HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN MALAYSIA

SAFETY HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN MALAYSIA

SAFETY HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN MALAYSIA
SAFETY HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN MALAYSIA
SAFETY HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN MALAYSIA

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH)

Carries out various training activities such as courses, workshops and seminar in order to fulfil the industries’ workforce needs and wants.

The courses are all conducted at NIOSH by competent trainers in their respective fields of expertise.

Courses may also be held at the clients’ premises.

by competent trainers in their respective fields of expertise. • Courses may also be held at

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH)

Also offers certified and trainer courses in compliance (pematuhan ) with the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) 1994 and its regulations. Involves in research activities which are done in accordance with its Memorandum and Acts “to conduct short and long term research projects on occupational safety and health which will benefit the country”.

“to conduct short and long term research projects on occupational safety and health which will benefit

SOCIAL SECURITY ORGANIZATION (SOCSO)

Registration of employer and employee, collecting contribution, processing benefit claims and make payment to the injured worker and their dependents. Provide vocational and physical rehabilitation benefits and enhance occupational safety and health awareness of workers.

Provide vocational and physical rehabilitation benefits and enhance occupational safety and health awareness of workers.

IN SUMMARY

OSHA is about occupational safety and health management, and the responsibility to ensure the safety and health of :

[1] The persons at work, and

[2] Other people who might be affected by activities of people at work.