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Ms. Diane Nicoll 7th Grade History Unit 5: Lesson 2 

Name: Jadyn davis

Date: 3/6/18

Class: 7th Grade - Medieval World History

Slides and Notes 
Slide Student Notes

Title  ☆ MesoAmerican Geography ☆

Study the locations, landforms, and climates of
Mexico, Central America, and South America and their
effects on Mayan, Aztec, and Incan economies, trade,
and development of urban societies.

The complex societies of Middle and South America
that developed before the arrival of Europeans.

The Mayans  
Jungles  Tropical rainforests of the Yucatan Peninsula.

Jungles and oceans provided food.

What are cenotes?

Cenotes are a natural water sinkhole sometimes used
Food and Water 
by the ancient Maya for sacrificial offerings.

How did the Mayans feel about cenotes?


Isolated urban centers called city states.

Why was this area isolated?

The Aztecs  

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Ms. Diane Nicoll 7th Grade History Unit 5: Lesson 2 

Wide, high valley in the mountains of Central mexico.

Called themselves the Mexica.

Why is agriculture important?

So there can be a strong civilization to hold up.
Fertile Soil 
What are Chinampas?
They are floating gardens

Lakes? No
Natural Defenses 
Mountains? Yes

The Incas  
Which mountain range?
High Mountains  Andes
South America 

Why defensible?
Defenses  Top of the mountains

Human ingenuity created roads,aqueducts and

terraces to solve problems.
Roads solved the problem of communication.
Aqueducts solved the problem irrigation.
Terraces solved the problem of agriculture.


Video Summary Paragraph Starter:

The Mayan, Aztec, and Incan civilizations shared

values of education, engineering, and creative
thinking. For example...
MesoAmerica  These cultures valued education, engineering and
Geography​ Video  creative thinking. For the Inca, life in the high
mountains meant they had to develop efficient
systems of roads for communication, aqueducts, and
irrigation for water and new methods of agriculture.
What they created was a system of terraces, flat
surfaces supported by retaining walls, which were

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Ms. Diane Nicoll 7th Grade History Unit 5: Lesson 2 

large enough to grow crops. Terraced agriculture

turned a steep mountainside into a garden lush
enough to support a growing empire.

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