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3 Flow around bodies gunt HM 225 – Flow around bodies in air: aerodynamics trainer The

Flow

around bodies

gunt

3 Flow around bodies gunt HM 225 – Flow around bodies in air: aerodynamics trainer The
3 Flow around bodies gunt HM 225 – Flow around bodies in air: aerodynamics trainer The

HM 225 – Flow around bodies in air: aerodynamics trainer

The trainer

Fluid mechanics experiments with a gaseous fluid – usually air – are as important in engineering edu- cation as experiments with a liquid medium. Com- parison and working out analogies between liquid and air flow, lead the student to a deeper under- standing of the interrelationships and common principles.

The aerodynamics trainer, together with the appropriate accessories, offers selected experi- ments in the field of flow around bodies in air. The illustrative experiments deal with typical topics such as boundary layer, drag forces, or visualisa- tion of streamlines.

The topics

The figure shows the HM 225 trainer with the accessory HM 225.02 Boundary layers. The
The figure shows the HM 225 trainer with the accessory
HM 225.02 Boundary layers. The pressures are measured with a
Pitot tube and displayed on the 16 tube manometers

Investigation of the boundary layer on a flat plate

Investigation of the boundary layer on a flat plate HM 225.02 Boundary layers • study boundary

HM 225.02 Boundary layers

study boundary layer at two different surfaces (rough and smooth)

removable side body for studying boundary layer interference with degressive or progressive pressure profile

y

v ∞
v ∞

s x

velocity distribution,y v ∞ s x boundary layer thickness on the smooth surface

boundary layer thickness on the smooth surfacey v ∞ s x velocity distribution,

Determining drag forces in different bodies

smooth surface Determining drag forces in different bodies HM 225.04 Drag forces • direct measurement of

HM 225.04 Drag forces

direct measurement of drag by using a beam scale

determining drag coefficients for different bodies

ab c
ab
c

Various drag bodies

a plate, b cylinder, c aerofoil

Demonstration of the Coanda effect

b cylinder, c aerofoil Demonstration of the Coanda effect HM 225.06 Coanda effect • investigation of

HM 225.06 Coanda effect

investigation of wall-guided flow

amplification effect in pneumatic elements

left adherence of the jet through a pressure difference right the air jet can be
left adherence of the jet through a pressure difference right the air jet can be

left adherence of the jet through a pressure difference right the air jet can be diverted by a control jet (black arrow)

Using fog to show streamlines

by a control jet (black arrow) Using fog to show streamlines Separation of the flow on
Separation of the flow on the right side by changing the angle of attack

Separation of the flow on the right side by changing the angle of attack

HM 225.08 Visualisation of streamlines

generate flow patterns of bodies under surrounding flow

represent stall

phenomena

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