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PC814 Series

AC Input Photocoupler
PC814 Series
❈ Lead forming type ( I type ) and taping reel type ( P type ) are also available. ( PC814I/PC814P )

■ Features ■ Outline Dimensions ( Unit : mm )


1. AC input
PC814 Internal connection
2. High isolation voltage between input and
diagram
2.54 ± 0.25
output ( V : 5 000Vrms )
4 3 4 3
3. Compact dual-in-line package

6.5 ± 0.5
PC814
PC814 ( 1-channel type ) CTR
rank mark
PC824 (2-channel type ) Primary side mark
PC844 ( 4-channel type ) 1 2 1 2
0.9 ± 0.2
4. Current transfer ratio 1.2 ± 0.3
CTR : MIN. 20% at I F = ± 1mA, VCE = 5V
5. Recognized by UL, file No. E64380 7.62 ± 0.3
4.58 ± 0.5

3.5 ± 0.5
0.5TYP.
■ Applications
1. Programmable controllers
0.26 ± 0.1

3.0 ± 0.5
2. Telephone sets, telephone exchangers
3. System appliances 0.5 ± 0.1 θ θ
θ = 0 to 13 ˚
4. Signal transmission between circuits of
different potentials and impedances
1 Anode, Cathode 3 Emitter
PC844 Internal connection diagram 2 Anode, Cathode 4 Collector
16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9

PC824

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1.2 ± 0.3
0.9 ± 0.2 Internal connection diagram
1 3 5 7 Anode, Cathode 8 7 6 5 8 7 6 5
2 4 6 8 Anode, Cathode
PC824
6.5 ± 0.5

9 11 13 15 Emitter
10 12 14 16 Collector

1.2 ± 0.3
0.9 ± 0.2
1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 CTR
rank mark 2.54 ± 0.25
PC844
6.5 ± 0.5

9.66 ± 0.5 7.62 ± 0.3


3.5 ± 0.5
0.5TYP.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0.26 ± 0.1
3.0 ± 0.5

CTR rank mark 2.54 ± 0.25


19.82 ± 0.5 7.62 ± 0.3
0.5 ± 0.1 θ θ
3.5 ± 0.5
0.5TYP.

θ = 0 to 13 ˚

0.26 ± 0.1
3.0 ± 0.5

1 3 Anode,Cathode 5 7 Emitter
2 4 Anode,Cathode 6 8 Collector
0.5 ± 0.1 θ θ = 0 to 13 ˚ θ

“ In the absence of confirmation by device specification sheets, SHARP takes no responsibility for any defects that occur in equipment using any of SHARP's devices, shown in catalogs,
data books, etc. Contact SHARP in order to obtain the latest version of the device specification sheets before using any SHARP's device.”
PC814 Series

■ Absolute Maximum Ratings ( Ta = 25˚C )


Parameter Symbol Rating Unit
Forward current IF ± 50 mA
*1
Input Peak forward current I FM ±1 A
Power dissipation P 70 mW
Collector-emitter voltage V CEO 35 V
Emitter-collector voltage V ECO 6 V
Output
Collector current IC 50 mA
Collector power dissipation PC 150 mW
Total power dissipation P tot 200 mW
*2
Isolation voltage V iso 5 000 V rms
Operating temperature T opr - 30 to + 100 ˚C
Storage temperature T stg - 55 to + 125 ˚C
*3
Soldering temperature T sol 260 ˚C
*1 Pulse width <=100µs, Duty ratio : 0.001
*2 40 to 60% RH, AC for 1 minute
*3 For 10 seconds

■ Electro-optical Characteristics ( Ta = 25˚C )


Parameter Symbol Conditions MIN. TYP. MAX. Unit
Forward voltage VF I F = ± 20mA - 1.2 1.4 V
Input Peak forward voltage V FM I FM = ± 0.5V - - 3.0 V
Terminal capacitance Ct V = 0, f = 1kHz - 50 250 pF
Output Collector dark current I CEO V CE = 20V, I F = 0 - - 10 - 7 A
*4
Current transfer ratio CTR I F = ± 1mA, V CE = 5V 20 - 300 %
Collector-emitter saturation voltage V CE(sat) I F = ± 20mA, I C = 1mA - 0.1 0.2 V
Transfer Isolation resistance R ISO DC500V, 40 to 60% RH 5 x 1010 1011 - Ω
charac- Floating capacitance Cf V = 0, f = 1MHz - 0.6 1.0 pF
teristics Cut-off frequency fc V CE = 5V, I C = 2mA, R L = 100 Ω, - 3dB 15 80 - kHz
Rise time tr V CE = 2V, I C = 2mA, R L = - 4 18 µs
Response time
Fall time tf 100 Ω - 3 18 µs
*4 Classification table of current transfer ratio

Model No. Rank mark CTR ( % )


PC814A
PC824A A 50 to 150
PC844A
PC814
PC824 A or no mark 20 to 300
PC844
PC814 Series

Fig. 1 Forward Current vs. Ambient Fig. 2 Collector Power Dissipation vs.
Temperature Ambient Temperature
60 200

Collector power dissipation PC ( mW )


50
Forward current IF ( mA )

150
40

30 100

20
50
10

0
0
- 30 0 25 50 75 100 125 - 30 0 25 50 75 100 125
Ambient temperature T a ( ˚C ) Ambient temperature Ta ( ˚C )

Fig. 3 Peak Forward Current vs. Duty Ratio Fig. 4 Forward Current vs. Forward Voltage

10 000 500
Pulse width <=100 µs
5 000 T a = 25˚C
T a = 75˚C - 25˚C
200
2 000 50˚C 0˚C
( mA )

Forward current IF ( mA )

100 25˚C
1 000
FM

50
500
Peak forward current I

200 20
100
10
50
5
20
2
10
5 1
5 10 - 3 2 5 10 -2 2 5 10 -1 2 5 1 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0
Duty ratio Forward voltage V F ( V )

Fig. 5 Current Transfer Ratio vs. Forward Fig. 6 Collector Current vs.
Current Collector-emitter Voltage
140
T a = 25˚C
V CE = 5V
30 30mA
T a = 25˚C IF =
120
Current transfer ratio CTR ( % )

P C ( MAX. )
Collector current I C ( mA )

100 20mA
20
80

60
10mA
10
40

5mA
20
1mA
0 0
0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2 5 10 20 50 0 2 4 6 8 10
Forward current I F ( mA ) Collector-emitter voltage V CE (V)
PC814 Series

Fig. 7 Relative Current Transfer Ratio vs. Fig. 8 Collector-emitter Saturation Voltage
Ambient Temperature vs. Ambient Temperature
150 0.1
I F = 1mA

Collector emitter saturation voltage V CE(sat) ( V )


I F = 20mA
V CE = 5V 0.09
(%)

I C = 1mA
0.08
Relative current transfer ratio

0.07
100
0.06

0.05

0.04
50
0.03

0.02

0.01
0 0
- 30 0 25 50 75 100 - 30 0 20 40 60 80 100
Ambient temperature T a ( ˚C ) Ambient temperature T a ( ˚C )

Fig. 9 Collector Dark Current vs. Fig.10 Response Time vs. Load Resistance
Ambient Temperature
10 -6 100
V CE = 20V V CE = 2V
50 I C = 2mA
-7 tr
10 T a = 25˚C
Collector dark current I CEO ( A )

20 tf
Response time ( µ s )

10 -8 10

5 td
10 -9
ts
2
10 - 10
1

0.5
10 - 11

0.2
10 - 12 0.1
- 30 0 25 50 75 100 0.03 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2 5 10
Ambient temperature T a ( ˚C ) Load resistance RL ( k Ω )

Fig.11 Frequency Response


Test Circuit for Response Time
V CE = 5V
I C = 2mA
T a = 25˚C
0
VCC Input
Voltage gain A v ( dB )

Output
-5 Input RD RL Output 10%

90%
RL = 10k Ω 1k Ω 100 Ω td ts
- 10
tr tf

- 15

- 20
0.2 0.5 1 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1 000
Frequency f ( kHz )
PC814 Series

Fig.12 Collector-emitter Saturation Voltage


vs. Forward Current
Test Circuit for Frepuency Response
T a = 25˚C
6
Collector-emitter saturation voltage VCE(sat) ( V )

I C = 0.5mA
5 1mA
VCC
3mA
4
5mA RD RL
Output
7mA
3

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Forward current I F ( mA )

● Please refer to the chapter “ Precautions for Use ”