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PHILIPPINE NURSING LICENSURE EXAM POINTERS TO REVIEW

NPI
TEST DESCRIPTION:
- Theories, concepts,principles and processes of the fundamental nursing practice that highlights
topics on promotion and maintenance of health. It deals with basic nursing skills delivered to all
age group.
- It includes the varied roles, functions and responsibilities of the nurse in different health care
setups
I. Safe and Quality care, Health education, Communication, and Collaboration and teamwork.
A. The Nursing Process- they would assess how much you know about Assessment,
Diagnosis, Planning, Intervention, and Evaluation
B. Basic Nursing Skills- what does a nurse do when a patient admitted to the ward and
when a patient goes hoe and goes to other facilities.
- Admission and Discharge
- Vital signs- BP, Temp., Heart rate, Resp. rate and O2 sat., and Pain scale – the nurse should
know a normal basic range of vital signs.
- Physical examination and health Assessment- what would you check from head to toe
examination and what would you record when you do a health assessment
- Administration of Medication- what are their rights of administering medication, these will
include different medication, type of medications, what the medication is given, what is the
function, reaction and nursing intervention when it give a certain medication.
- Asepsis and Infection Control- what is asepsis? What is infection control? How do you maintain
asepsis and how do you prevent infection
- First aid measures- what do you do when an event or situation happens
- Wound care- what do you do in a wound, what are the types of a wound, what type of dressing
would you do
- Peri-operative care
- Post mortem care- what do you do when a patient dies? What kind of support to the family
when the patient died.
C. Measures to meet physiological needs- what do you do to meet the needs of the patient
when it comes to physical needs
- Oxygenation- what are the type of oxygenation will give to the patient?
- Nutrition
- Activity, rest and sleep
- Fluid and electrolyte balance
Basic electrolyte in the body- Na, K, creatinine, kidney function and normal balance
- Urinary elimination- what do you do when a patient is incontinent of urine. What do you do
when you do a catheterization
- Bowel elimination- what should a nurse do when a patient has an often bowel per day?
- Safety, comfort and hygiene- make sure that your patient is safe and comfortable and you have
to make sure that you patient is clean.
- Mobility and Immobility- who assess mobility status of the patient, who does a nurses talk to if
the patient is immobile, what is the importance of mobility when it comes to a faster healing of
the operation wound and not having any blood clot in the body.
D. Health education
- Teaching and learning principles in the care of the clients
- Health education in all levels
- Discharge planning
E. Communication- what are the communication technique used in the nursing field.
- Dynamic communication
- Nurse-client relationship- how do you maintain a nurse client relationship making sure that you
don’t offend client so as you don’t get abuse
- Professionalism – professional relationship- when you talk to the doctors how do you maintain
professionalism, when you talk to multi disciplinary team such as laboratory, pharmacy,
radiation, social worker, how do you make sure that maintain a relationship.
- Therapeutic use of self
- Use of information technology – which is now new in nursing practice, use of computers for
discharging patient and use of computer when admitting the patient
F. Collaboration and teamwork
- Networking
- Inter agency partnership
- Teamwork strategies
- Nursing and partnership with other professions and agencies
II. Ethico –Moral Responsibility and Legal Responsibility of a Nurse
A. Bioethical principles
- Beneficence
- Non Malefescence
- Justice
- Autonomy
- Stewardship
- Truth telling
- Confidentiality
- Privacy
- Informed consent
B. Patients Bill of rights
C. Code of ethics in Nursing
D. Legal Responsibility
- Legal aspect in the practice of nursing
- The Philippine nursing act of 2002 (RA 9173)
- Related Laws affecting the practice of nursing
III. Personal and Professional growth and Development
A. Historical perspective in nursing
B. Nursing as a profession
C. Continuing professional education
D. Theoretical foundation of nursing applied in health care education
E. Professional organization in nursing
F. The nurse in health care
- Eleven key areas of responsibilities
- Fields of nursing
- Roles and functions
IV. Management of Environment and Resource
A. Theories and principles of management
B. Nursing Administration and management
C. Theories, principles, and styles of leadership
D. Concepts and principles of organization
E. Patient care classification
F. Nursing care system
G. Delegation and accountability
H. Records management- how do you keep records, how do you write nurses notes
- Anecdotal report
- Incident report
- Memorandum
- Hospital manual
- Documentation
- Endorsement and end of shift report
- Referral
V. Quality Improvement and research
A. Standard of nursing practice
B. Nursing Audit
C. Accreditation in Nursing practice
D. Quality Assurance
E. Research
- Problem identification
- Ethics and science of research
- The scientific approach
- Research process
- Research designs and methodology- Qualitative and quantitative
- Utilization and dissemination of research findings

NURSING PRACTICE 11
Test Description:
Theories, concepts, principles and processes in the care of individuals, families, groups and
communities to promote health and prevent illness, and alleviate pain and discomfort, utilizing the
nursing process as framework. This includes care of high risk and at risk mothers, children and families
during the various stages of life cycle.

Part 1 CHN
I. Safe and quality care, health education, and communication, collaboration and
teamwork
A. Principles and standards of CHN
B. Levels of Care
C. Types of clientele
D. Health Care Delivery System
E. PHC as strategy
F. Family based Nursing Services ( Family health Nursing Process)
G. Population group-based Nursing Services
H. Community- based Nursing Services/ Community Health Nursing Process
I. Community Organizing
J. Public Health Programs
II. Research and Quality Improvement
A. Research in the community
B. National Health Situation
C. Vital Statistics
D. Epidemiology
E. Demography
III. Management of resources and environment and records management
A. Field Health Services and information System
B. Target-setting
C. Environmental Sanitation
IV. Ethico- Moral – Legal Responsibility
A. Socio- cultural values, beliefs and practices of individuals, specially in the Philippine settings
B. Code of Ethics for government workers
C. WHO, DOH, LGU policies on health
D. Local government code
E. Issues
VI. Personal and Professional Development
A. Self-assessment of CHN competencies, importance, methods and tools
B. Strategies and methods of updating one’s self, enhancing competence in the community
health nursing and related areas
Part II
1. Safe and Quality Care, health education, and communication, collaboration and teamwork
A. Principles and theories of growth and development
B. Nursing care in the different stages of growth and development including
- Nutrition
- Safety
- Language development
- Discipline
- Play
- Immunization
- Anticipatory guidance
- Values formation
C. Human Sexuality and reproduction including family planning
D. Nursing Care of women during Normal labor, delivery and Postpartum
E. Nursing Care of Newborn
- APGAR scoring
- Newborn Screening
- Maintenance of body processes ( Oxygenation, temp. etc.)
F. Nursing care of women with complication of pregnancy, labor, delivery and postpartum
period. (high risk condition) what are the complications of pregnancy and labor and delivery,
what are the nursing intervention.
G. Nursing Care of high- risk Newborn
- Prematurity
- Congenital Defects
- Infection
H. Nursing Care of women with disturbances in reproduction and gynecology
2. Research and quality improvement
A. Fertility statistics
B. Infant morbidity and mortality
C. Maternal Mortality
D. Standards of Maternal and Child Nursing Practice
3. Management of Resources and Record management
A. Home-based Mother’s Record
B. Under five clinic Record
a. Socio-cultural values, beliefs and practices of individuals, families related to MCN
b. WHO, DOH, LGU policies on health
c. Family Code
d. Child and youth welfare code
e. Issues related to MCN
f. IMCI updated
V. Personal and Professional Development
A. Self-assessment of MCN competencies, importance, methods and tools
B. Strategies and methods of updating one’s self, enhancing competence in MCN and related areas.

NURSING PRACTICE III, IV, V

TEST DESCRIPTION: Theories, concepts, principles, and processes in the care of clients with altered
health patterns, utilizing the nursing process and integrating the key areas of nursing competencies.

I. Safe and quality care, health education, communication, collaboration and teamwork
Test III
A. Client in pain
B. Perioperative Care
C. Alteration in Human Functioning
- Disturbances in oxygenation
- Disturbances in Metabolic and Endocrine functioning
- Disturbances in elimination
Test IV
Alteration in Human Functioning
- Disturbances in fluids and electrolyte
- Inflamatory and Infectiuos Disturbances
- Disturbances in Immunologic Functioning
- Disturbances in Cellular Functioning
- Client in Biologic Crisis
- Emergency and disaster nursing
Test V
A. Disturbances in perception and coordination
- Neurologic disorders
- Sensory disorders
- MUsculoskeletal disorders
- Degenerative disorders
B. Maladaptive Patterns of behavior
- Anxiety response and anxiety related disorders
- Psychophysiologic responses, somatoform and sleep disorder
- Abuse and violence
- Emotional response and mood disorders
- Schizophrenia and other psychotic and mood disorders
- Substance related disorders
- Eating disorders
- Sexual disorders
- Emotional disorders of infants, children and adolescent
II. Communication, Collaboration and Teamwork
A. Team Approach
B. Referral
C. Network/linkage
D. Therapeutic Communication
III. Ethico-Moral-Legal Responsibility
A. Confidentiality
B. Cliet’s Rights
- Informed consent
- Refusal to take medications, treatment and admission procedures
C. Nursing accountability, Liability
D. Documentation/Charting
E. Culture sensitivity
IV. Personal and Professional Development
A. Nurse Client Relation
B. Continuing Education
V. Management of Resources, Environment and Record Management
A. Patient Safety
B. Standard of Documentation.

Isama mo din ung mga side effects ng gamot. Mga tranquilizer drugs.