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Quantum Theory of Matter, Second Edition, 33 are concerned with the structure equation for concentration in two

John C. Slater, McGraw-Hill, New York and properties of crystals. Since big dimensions. In this section and the
( 1 968). molecules have many of the proper- next, there are also a number of typo-
If you would like to own one book ties of crystals, these last chapters graphical errors. One possible error that
on quantum mechanics which is au- should not be ingored by chemists. does not appear to be typographical
This is truly a great book written by occurs in Equation (54). A Leveque
thorative and encyclopedic, you might type solution for convective diffusion
very well consider purchasing John C. a great scientist. You won't find it easy
reading, but you will be well repaid with a first-order reaction is presented.
Slater's second edition of the Quantum Unfortunately, as the rate constant be-
Theory of Matter. It is intended to for your efforts.
comes large, the concentration at the
serve as a text for a one year course JOSEPH0. HIRSCHFELDERwall becomes negative rather than
for graduate students in physics. How- UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN nearly zero.
ever, much of the text is devoted to THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY The last chapter deals with fuel
molecular structure and it is equally INSTITUTEcell economics and commercial applica-
well suited to a course for chemistry MADISON,WISCONSIN tions. It is written by J. Verstraete, D.
graduate students. In either case, the Lefevre, R. Lefort and J. Henry, all
professor would have a great deal of from Belgium.
freedom in selecting the subject matter Although this book is a worthy ad-
from the thirty-three chapters in this Handbook of Fuel Cell Technology, Carl
dition to any personal library, I let
book. At the end of each chapter there Berger, Editor, Prentice-Hall, Englewood
Cliffs, N. J . (1968). 607 pages. $18.50. the reader judge for himself whether
is a set of problems illustrating the
significant features and the range of I can highly recommend this vol- it rates the title of Handbook in view
applicability of the theory. ume to any engineer looking for a of such an unrepresentative contribu-
It is truly amazing how many of the ood introduction to fuel cells. The tion from major fuel cell developers.
techniques considered were discovered Erst two hundred page chapter by DIMITRI GIDASPOW
or developed by Slater. He has tackled L. G. Austin presents the electro- INSTITUTE OF GASTECHNOLOGY
a wide variety of problems and each chemical theory of fuel cells. It is CHICAGO, ILLXNOIS
time he has persisted until he has written in a textbook, teaching style.
found a workable Solution. Slater is A set of numerical examples (which
very intense, forthright, and systematic. not only give relevant orders of mag-
His writing is very clear and he tries nitude but make one think about the Thermodynamics, Second Edition, William
to explain his derivations point by subject) more than compensate for C. Reynolds, McGraw-Hill, New York
point so that, with sufficient effort, other minor shortcomings, such as no ( 1 968). 496 pages. $ 1 1.50.
you will agree with his conclusions. list of notations and references to past In this book, written as a first course
This book bears no relation to the 1965 work. This section can serve as text for engineers, microscopic argu-
first edition of Quantum Theory of an excellent sup lement to Bird, ments are used to provide an intuitive
Matter ublished in 1951. Instead, it is P
Stewart, and Light oot's book on trans- basis for macroscopic postulates. This
essential a condensation of the five port phenomena.
f,!
books w ich Slater has written since
1960: two volumes on atomic struc-
is done in an understandable way that
The second chapter by Suparma- should be acceptable to the third year
nian Srinivasan and Elizear Gileadi student in en 'neering.
ture and three volumes on the struc- gives a welcome survey of electrochem- There are i?
ourteen chapters that con-
ture of molecules and solids. Tqhefirst ical techniques and continuation of the tai material for one whole year of
few chapters are similar to the usual
elementary quantum mechancial texts.
7c
discussion of the porous electrode wor , which is more time than can be
models. Unfortunately, too little space alloted in our curriculum to general
The next group of chapters present a is devoted to the more recent and thermodynamics.
very thorough treatment of atomic more realistic models, such as the in- Fortunately, a class could stop after
structure and the theory of multiplets tersecting micro-macro pore model. Chapter Eleven and still cover all sub-
in complex spectra. Chemists will be The next chapter is devoted to the ject matter that is important to the
particularly interested in Chapters 13 technology of a fuel cell with carbon third year engineering student. The
to 15 which give a clear treatment of electrodes by K. V. Kordesch of Union last three chapters on Statistical Ther-
the interaction of radiation and matter Carbide. modynamics, Molecular Kinetics, and
which explains the emission and ab- The fourth chapter deals with an Irreversible Thermodynamics can be
so tion of light, the breadth of spec- ion exchange fuel cell and is by H. J. R. left out of the undergraduate course.
tra'plines, and the nature of spin-orbit Maget. In addition to the presentation The treatment of nonreacting mix-
interactions. Chapters 18 to 29 give of problems special to these cells, this tures in Chapter Ten does not include
a very thorough discussion of most of chapter summarizes the results of a any mention of fugacity or activity,
the recent developments in molecular first-rate study on sectioned electrodes. without which the Chemical Engineer
structure including the Gaussian or- Unfortunately the presentation is not could not handle problems in vapor-
bital calculations of the structure of the without blemishes. The heading of Sec- liquid equilibria.
ethylene and benzene molecules. Slater tion 3.61 is Natural Convection. How- In Chapter Eight, the Van der Waals
does an excellent job of explaining the ever, the infinite series solution for and Beattie-Bridgeman Equations of
electron correlations and the nature the current given by equations (50) State are discussed. No mention is
of the chemical bonds. Indeed Chap- or (51) in this section is for the case made of the Redlich-Kwong and the
ters 18 to 29 might very well serve as of no bulk motion at all. It was ob- Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equations of
the basis for a second semester course tained, as presented in a preprint by
in quantum chemistry. Chapters 30 to Maget and Oster, by solving a Laplace (Continued on page 155)

Vol. 15, No. 1 AlChE Journal Page 3


INFORMATION RETRIEVAL (Continued from page 3 )
(Continued from page 154) tate, which are used rather exten-
ively in preference to others.
A theory of laminar flow stability, Hanks, Richard W., AlChE Journal, 15, p. 25 It appears that students using this
(January, 1969). ook might acquire a speaking knowl-
Key Words: A. Flow Stability-9, Stability Parameter-2, 9, Tronsition-9, Analysis- dge of microscopic and the macros-
8, Angular Momemtum-1, Linear Momentum- 1, Drag-1, Turbulence-2. opic postulates of thermodynamics but
: is doubtful that they will acquire
Abstract: In this paper an analysis of laminar flow stability is presented which
working knowledge of thermody-
leads naturally to the parometer in a much different manner than originally
proposed. The stability parameter is seen to represent the coupling ratio between
iamics. Without the latter, the student
the rate of change of angular momentum of a deforming fluid element and its annot make the necessary thermo-
rate of loss of momentum by frictional drag. A t a certain critical value of this lynamic calculations that arise in
coupling ratio, the element becomes unstable to rotational disturbances. If such Ither engineering problems.
disturbances are present, the basic nonlinearity of the momentum transfer pro- This compromise between statistical
cess guarantees rapid amplification and generation of a turbulent eddy. The .nd classical thermodynamics is a good
consequences of the theory are examined for two special fixed boundary classes )oak for the library but is not a suit-
of motion. The physical interpretation of the parameter is compared with con- lble text for third year students in
ventional interpretations of the Reynolds number and found to be more funda- 2hemical Engineering.
mentally swnd. The application of the theory to moving boundary flows, such
as the Cauette viscometer, is also discussed and an important physical difference WAYNEC . EDMISTER
is pointed out. OKLAHOMA STATE
UNIVERSITY
STILLWATER,
OKLAHOMA
Graphical calculation of multiple steady states and effectiveness factors for por-
ous catalysts, Stewart, Warren E., and John V. Villadsen, AlChE Journal, 15, Aass Transfer Operations, Second Edition,
p. 28 (January, 1969). iobert E. Treybol, McGraw-Hill, New Yark
1968). 7 1 7 pages. $1 5.75.
Key Words: A. Calculation-8, Reaction Rates-9, Diffusion-9, Heat Conduction-9,
Multiple Steady States-9, Particle Stability-9, Porous Catalysts-5, Effectiveness In the thirteen years which have
Factor-7, Particle Size-6, Particle Shape-6, Reaction Kinetics-6, Variable Fluid :lapsed since the first edition of this
Properties-6, Asymptotic Solutions-10, Polynomial Approximation- 10, Orthogonal :xcellent text, numerous changes in
Collocation- 10, Nonisothermal-0, Nonlinear-0. he training of ohemical engineers have
Abstract: Simple graphical methods are given for predicting the effectiveness aken place. Consequently a revised
factors of single reactions in particles of various shapes. A collection procedure reatment of this important subject is
was used for small particles, and the known asymptotic solution was used for large nost welcome.
particles. Multiple steady states and variable fluid properties can be handled di- The general format and arrange-
rectly. Examples are given for several nonlinear reaction rate laws. nent of subject matter has been re-
.ained while, at the same time, the
lesign approach so successful in the
On the particle size distribution function and the attrition of crocking catalysts, ?ast, is still emphasized. The number
if cha ters and chapter headings re-
Gwyn, J. E., AIChE Journal, 15, p. 3 5 (January, 1969).
Key Words: A. Attrition-8, Cracking Catalyst-9, 1, Fluidization- 10, Elutriation-
nain ge same. The most significant
:hanges appear in the first five chap-
10, Retentian-4, Loss-4, 7, Time-6, Particle Size-6, Attritability-6, Rate-7, Fines-
3, Air-5, Gas-5. B. Attrition-8, Cracking Catalyst-9, Particle Size Distribution-9,
ters, devoted to the underlying prin-
:i les of diffusion and mass transfer
1, 2, 6, 7, Mathematical Analyses-10, Loss-7, 4, Integral Rate-2, Fines-3, Pri-
mary-0. R
w ere the influence of the more re-
cent approach to the theory of the
Abstract: The rate of attrition of a catalyst sample of a single particle size can transport processes is apparent. The
be expressed by a simple function of initial diameter and of time. The initial basic features, for example, of the film,
rate is a function of initial diameter, whereas the decrease in attrition rate of
enetration, surface-renewal, and com-
a catalyst of a given size as the catalyst ages depends only on time.
The attrition equation for a single size of particles i s introduced into the g ined film-surface-renewal theories are
compactly treated as are also the sev-
particle size distribution function and, through mothernotical analyses, yields a
relationship for the attrition of a full size-range catalyst. The form of this eral transport analogies.
The chapter on as-liquid contact-
relationship, which includes terms for attritability and severity of attrition condi-
tions, is verified by laboratory and commercial attrition data on two full-range %
ing equipment has een updated and
catalysts. The size distribution of an attrited sample is not expressible in simple the list of references reflecting current
analytical form, but is readily obtained by numerical analysis. design practices greatly expanded. The
use of enthalpy-concentration methods
is now included in the chapter on dis-
An approximate solution for countercurrent heat exehongers, Tien, Chi, and tillation and quantitative methods for
Seshadri Srinivasan, AlChE Journal, 15, p. 39 (January, 1969). handling multicomponent systems in
absorption and distillation are given.
Key Words: A. Heat Exchanger-4, Counter Flow-8, Heat Transfer-8, Multistreom
Unfortunate1 , as in the first editiQn,
Forced Convectian-8, Integral Method-1 0.
Abstract: A n approximate solution is presented for the countercurrent parallel
Y
treatment o phase equilibria, parti-
cularly of nonideal systems, is still
plate exchanger with laminar flow. Using the integrol method, the problem is sketchy. Limitations of space, how-
reduced to one of solving a pair of first-order differential equations in a straight- ever, preclude an adequate treatment
forward monner. Comparisons between the results of this work and those obtained of this complicated field.
from a more elaborate orthogonal expansion technique are found to be excellent. The numerous illustrative problems
have been revised and made more
Free tear sheets of the information retrieval entries in this issue may be obtained b! comprehensive. They form an integral
writing to the New York Office. part of the text. The number of ref-
(Continued on page 156) (Continued on page 156)

Vol. 15, No. 1 AlChE Journal Page 155