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First Middle Initial

Preliminary SAT/
National Merit Scholarship
Qualifying Test

TIme: The PSAT/NMSQT has four sections. You will have

30 minutes to work on each section and a 5-minute
break between Sections 2 and 3.

Scoring: For each correct answer, you will receive one

point (whether the question is easy or hard). For
questions you omit, you will receive no points.
>TUESDAY, For a wrong answer to a multiple-choice question,
October 24, you will lose only a fraction of a point.

1995 Guessing: An educated guess may improve your score. That

is, if you can eliminate one or more choices as
wrong, you increase your chances of choosing the
correct answer and earning one point. On the other
hand, if you can't eliminate any choices, omit the
question and move on.

Answers: You may write in the test book, but mark all

answers on your answer sheet to receive credit.

Make each mark a dark mark that completely fills

the oval and is as dark as all your other marks.

If you erase, do so completely.

Do your best.'


Copyright © 1995 by College Entrance Examination Board and Educational Testing
Service. All rights reserved. Cerlain lest materials are copyrighted solely in the name I

of ETS. Unauthorized reproduction or use of any part of this test is prohibited.

(The passages for this test have been adapted from published material. The ideas
contained in them do not necessarily represent the opinions of the College Board,
, i
National Merit Scholarship Corporation, or Educational Testing Service,)
Section 1

Owing to biological adaptations, an adult koala
can subsist with no ill effects on a diet of euca­
lyptus leaves whose oils are, for most other
mammals, ----.
(A) edible (B) fragrant (C) medicinal
(D) bitter (E) toxic

iii The Domesday Book, the result of a census

taken in eleventh-century Britain, is so dense
and impenetrable that it has long ---- scholars
attempting to ---- a picture of life in the Middle
(A) lured .. revise
(B) thwarted.. obscure
(C) aided.. clarify
(D) challenged .. reconstruct
(E) satisfied, .oversimplify
D By ---- the first open-heart surgery to save a D Some people pass through life in a state of

human life, ill 1893, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams

--.- a major new medical technique. total ---OJ nothing seems to awaken them.

(A) confusion (B) collapse (e) bitterness

(A) undergoing .. simulated
(B) planning.. suppressed (D) despair (E) stupor
(e) describing.. invented
(D) performing . .initiated .111 Legends, no matter how ---- they may appear to
(E) supervising.. overlooked be, are seldom without some factual basis.
(A) fantastic (B) prophetic (C) parochial
Since the loris is a ---- mammal, it is not often (D) universal (E) innocuous
seen during the day.
(A) robust (B) nocturnal (e) dexterous
(D) supple (E) common

During the storm the historic district, though
normally a --.- spot, resembled a war zone.
(A) nostalgic
(B) tranquil
(e) curious
(D) controversial
(E) refurbished GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE

h, \

Section 1
D He was an inveterate ____, greeting with ill- m Reluctant to be labeled a __ ow, the candidate
disguised joy anything that interrupted his sought to ---- any subjects that might be too
work or delayed a new project. controversial at the press conference.
(A) optimist (B) opportunist (A) tyrant .. eliminate
(C) procrastinator (D) logician (B) traitor.. avoid
(E) fabricator (C) dilettante .. broach
(D) firebrand .. evade
(E) coward .. delegate
IiJI Because the supervisor's expectations were
often ----, the employees had to perform their
tasks without receiving explicit __ow. m Manolo argued that most critics cannot ---­
(A) dictatorial .. coercion their own cultural boundaries because
(B) tacit. .directives
responses to art are determined by social iden­
(C) enigmatic .. ambiguity
(D) exaggerated.. generalities (A) maintain (B) denote (C) justify
(E) overt .. examples CD) affirm (E) transcend

1m The phrase dead tired," once an inventive

1/ m Putting fairness foremost, she scrupulously set
description of exhaustion, has become ---­ aside her own ---- when judging the entries for
through overuse. the senior-year art exhibition.
(A) hackneyed (B) prodigious (A) premonitions (B) dispensations
(C) trenchant (D) singular (E) urbane (C) precursors (D) digressions
(E) predilections
m These unorthodox but sensitive renditions of
medieval music represent not a careless ---- of III During the discussion the panelist was
the original works but a ---- of their timeless extremely ----, aggressively and continuously
themes in modern musical terms. comparing the opposition to "illiterate
(A) variation .. betrayal hordes."
(B) parody.. misinterpretation (A) deferential (B) decorous
(C) corruption.. restatement (C) polemical CD) laconic (E) timorous
(D) recapitulation.. duplication
(E) neglect .. rejection

m Although, at first, factory labor seemed to offer

nineteenth-century women increased ----, harsh
rules of employment and close supervision
soon effectively ---- their opportunities.
(A) authority.. improved
(B) enlightenment.. reproduced
(C) autonomy..constricted GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
(D) justification . .limited
(E) independence .. promoted

Section 1
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·protliidea. .".

Questions 17-21 are based on the following cally impossible organism. When we have elimi­
passage. nated the physically impossible, when we remain
within the constraints set by the physical limits of
This passage is based on reflections made by a the universe, whatever remains-no matter how
twentieth-century biologist. (50) improbable-must be considered biologically
possible. Inbiology the improbable has ofttimes
Biologists rarely use the word "impossible." To become possible. But Nature itself is wild, rich,
a biologist, the range of the possible is so large, the and unconstrained. Afternoons poking about the
potential biological entities so numerous, that the Woods Hole seashore among the horseshoe crabs,
Line impossible is only a tiny issue. Impossibilities are (55) or munching blue-eyed scallops on a rocky island
(5) for the biologist the wall at the edge of the physi­ in Penobscot Bay, or chipping ornate brachiopods
cal universe-real and formidable constraints, but from the shale of the Chagrin River make me hesi­
constraints lying somewhere far away, somewhere tate to think that I could ever dream of a creature
in the realm of the physicist. that might not creep out from among the cattails
The biologist sees these physical constraints as one windy spring morning.
(10) if through the wrong end of a telescope. Demagni­
Hed, the limits of the physical universe form toy
fences in someone else's province. With more than III The passage is chiefly concerned with
1,500 species of daisies in Europe alone, with (A) the fate of living organisms
more thaI} 2,000 species of crickets worldwide, and (B) the scope of the biologist's world
(15) with 30,000 different proteins specific to the brain (C) physics and the natural world
of the rat, biologists have little room on their (D) investigating coastal ecosystems
desks for perpetual-motion machines. (E) continuities between physics and biology
The mainstream of biological tradition is natu­
ral history, the careful charting of the possible. III The author uses the phrase as if through the
(20) Perhaps, deep within the true province of biology,
wrong end of a telescope" (lines 9-10) to make
the province of the living, everything is possible. which of the following points?
Living beings form a special realm of science,
filled with eye-popping collages of butterflies, (A) Biologists are more interested in enlarging
whales, bats, tadpoles, and mildewing molds. Biol­ their domain than in analyzing it.
(25) ogy is about life, and life is organisms. (B) Physicists are concerned with answering
The wide range of the possible touches us every the same questions as biologists.
day. We pass organisms as we walk under the (C) Biologists concentrate on local, as opposed
trees, past the birds and squirrels. Gardening, we to global, concerns.
run our hands through the cool earth, crumbles of (D) The question of the limits of the physical
(80) plant deposits, worms, larvae, hundreds and thou­ universe is of little concern to biologists.
sands of microorganisms. We know them by (E) Telescopes distort our perceptions of the
touch, smell, and sight. universe.
But most of all we know the human organisms.
We know our parents and our friends; we know
(85) strangers on the bus. And, of course, we know
ourselves. How many times a day do we look at
our hands? A hundred? A thousand? We hear our
heartbeats at night. We are not all physicists or
mathematicians, but we are all biologists. We
(40) know organisms, and most of us know them quite
Physically impossible organisms, such as porcu­
pines that can run faster than the speed of light GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
and perpetual-motion bees, can be dreamt by the
(45) physicist, but I cannot easily imagine a biologi­

Section 1
m The author's attitude toward "Nature"
(line 52) is best described as
m With which statement concerning biologists
would the author most likely agree?
(A) wonder at its brilliant colors (A) They frequently turn to physical science
(B) pleasure in its amusing antics for answers.
(C) respect for its destructive powers (B) They must remain detached from the
(D) awe of its unanswerable questions objects of their study.
(E) appreciation of its great diversity (C) They seldom concern themselves with
what cannot be.
m The final sentence in the passage chiefly
suggests which of the following?
(D) They are Jess exacting than physicists.
(E) They are content to lose themselves in
minute details.
(A) Real creatures can often seem as unlikely
as imagined ones.
(B) The variety of natural environments may
lead some biologists to idle speculation.
(C) Creatures from a marine habitat seem
bizarre to land-dwelling organisms.
(D) Some organisms are as startling as a biolo­
gist's worst nightmare.
(E) The improbabilities of physics and biology
have merged in the author'S experience.

Section 1
Questions 22·29 are based on the following thought about her and she'd always call them by
passage. their first names and invited them to do the same
(55) with her. But after a few awkward attempts,
The following is adapted from a novel written by they'd fall back into the pattern they were some­
an African American woman. The novel is set in how comfortable with. Etta didn't know if this
the 1950's. was to keep the distance on her side or theirs, but
it was there. And she had learned to tread through
Children bloomed on the street during July and (60) these alien undercurrents so well that to a casual
August with their colorful shorts and tops plas­ observer she had mastered the ancient secret of
tered against gold, ebony, and nut-brown legs and walking on water.
Line armSj they decorated the street, rivaling the gerani­ Mattie sat in her frayed brocade armchair,
(5) ums and ivy found on the manicured boulevard pushed up to the front window, and watched her
downtown. The summer heat seemed to draw the (65) friend's brave approach through the dusty screen..
people from. their cramped apartments onto the Still toting around them oversized records, she
stoops, as it drew the tiny drops of perspiration thought. That woman is a puzzlement.
from their foreheads and backs. Mattie rose to open the door so Etta wouldn't
(10) The apple-green car with the white vinyl roof have to struggle to knock with her arms fulL
and Florida plates turned into the street like a (70) uLord, child, thank YOU," she gushed, out of
greased cobra. Since Etta had stopped at a Mobil breath. liThe younger I get, the higher those steps
station three blocks away to wash off the evidence seem to stretch."
of a hot, dusty l,200-mile odyssey home, the She dumped her load on the sofa and swept off
(15) chrome caught the rays of the high afternoon sun her sunglasses. She breathed deeply of the freedom
and flung them back into its face. She had chosen (75) she found in Mattie's presence. Here she had no
her time well. choice but to be herself. The carefully erected
The children, free from the conditioned decoys she was constantly shuffling and changing
restraints of their older counterparts, ran along the to fit the situation were of no use here. Etta and
(20) sidewalks flanking this curious, slow-moving addi­ Mattie went way back, a singular term that
tion to their world. Every eye on the block, either (80) claimed co-knowledge of all the important events
openly or covertly, was on the door of the car in their lives and almost all of the unimportant
when it opened. They were rewarded by the ones. And by rights of this claim, it tolerated no
appearance of a pair of white leather sandals secrets.
(25) attached to narrow ankles and slightly bowed,
shapely legs. The willow-green sundress, only ten *Billie Holiday (1915-1959): African American jazz singer
minutes old on the short chestnut woman, clung
to a body that had finished a close second in its
race with time. Large two-toned sunglasses hid
m Lines 10-12 portray Etta's car as
(30) the weariness that had defied the freshly applied (A) sleek and dangerous
mascara and burnt·ivory shadow. After taking (B) worn but reliable
twice the time needed to stretch herself, she (C) large and comfortable
reached into the back seat of the car and pulled (D) a symbol of authority
out her plastic clothes bag and Billie Holiday* (E) an emblem of a time of hardship
(35) albums.
The children's curiosity reached the end of
its short life span, and they drifted back to their
HI The children's initial reaction to Etta's arrival
differed from that of the adults in that the chilo
various games. The adults sucked their teeth in dren were
disappointment, and the more envious felt self­
(40) righteousness twist the corners of their mouths. (A) more affectionate toward a returning
It was only Etta. Looked like she'd done all right neighbor
. by herself-this time around. (B) more envious of the show of wealth
Slowly she carried herself across the street- (C) more accustomed to Etta's manners
head high and eyes fixed unwaveringly on her (D) less interested in strange travelers
(45) destination. The half-dozen albums were clutched
(E) less reserved in their display of curiosity
in front of her chest like cardboard armor.
Any who bothered to greet her never used her
first name. No one called Etta Mae "Etta," eXGept
in their mindsj and when they spoke to each other
(SO) about her, it was Etta Johnsonj but when they
addressed her directly, it was always Miss Johnson.
This baffled her because she knew what they

Section 1
m How is the information in lines consis­
tent with the earlier description of Etta's
lit The author uses
ring detail that
Etta's sunglasses as a recur­

(A) suggests Etta's distorted view of the world
I. It describes discrepancies between how (B) reveals Etta's need to shield herself in
Etta wishes to be, and actually is, public
perceived. (C) indicates Etta's contradictory responses to
II. It indicates the coolness of the neighbors Mattie's neighbors
toward Etta. (D) demonstrates Etta's sensible approach to
III. It emphasizes the moral hypocrisy of the driving in bright sunlight
neighbors. (E) emphasizes Etta's detachment from Mattie
(A) I only
and the neighbors
(B) II only
(C) III only III In line 77, If decoys" most nearly means
(D) I and II only (A) imitations of realistic situations
(E) I, lIt and III (B) factually inaccurate statements
(C) strategies to give false impressions
III The author uses the phrase "alien undercur­ (D) tentative solutions to problems
rents" (line 60) to refer to (E) tricks to disguise hostile intentions
(A) distant places and customs
(B) body language used between strangers iii By describing Etta and Mattie's relationship as
(C) puzzling or negative reactions of other tolerating no secrets, the author suggests that
people it is
(D) an unwritten code of conduct between (A) too fragile to survive sustained tensions
family members (B) so intense that secrets would destroy it
(E) the unfamiliarity of home after a long (C) of such long standing that neither can
absence deceive the other
(D) similar to most relationships in a close­
m The reference to the" dusty" screen (line 65) knit community
(E) like the friendship of children, open and
most directly emphasizes the
(A) difficulty of seeing any familiar person
(B) mundane setting in which Etta tries to
appear fresh
(C) inevitable effects of summer on the
(D) length of time that Mattie and Etta have
known each other
(E) casual attitude Mattie has toward material

Section 2

of;j,lrc il;l a cfrclei?360.

ofa s$ight angle is 180~
~",a"..'r"A", in/degrees ofthe anglesqfattt1mgle

. . If 2x2 = 16, then 2X2 + 4 = ..

Sara worked 8 hours per day on Monday,
Wednesday, and Friday, and 3 hours per day on
(A) 12
Tuesday and Thursday. What was the average
(B) 20
(arithmetic mean) number of hours Sara
(C) 36
worked per day for that 5-day period?
(D) 64

(£) 164
(A) 4

(B) 5

(C) 6

(D) 7

(£) 8


Section 2
. . How many positive integers less than 25 are .
... If y":f. 0, then -
12y 8
­ =
divisible by 2, 3, and 5 ? 6y2
(A) 6 y lO
(A) None
(B) One (B) 6y 6
(C) Two (C) 6y4
(D) Three
(E) Four (D) 2 y 6
(E) 2y4


. . In the figure above, y = z and x = llO. What

is the value of y?

(A) 35 iii In the figure above, all line segments are either
(B) 40 horizontal or vertical. What is the area of the
(C) 45 .-;- region enclosed by the figure?
(D) 50
(E) 55 (A) 22
(B) 21
(C) 20
(D) 19
(E) 18


Section 2
Questions 7-8 refer to the following graph. B





gg f±3

III In the figure above, equilateral triangle ABC
..A -& Q, ~ ~'iii", is inscribed in the circle with center O.
o~ ~ 'Qt': ("lIP
("~ 'iii What is the degree measure of angle AOC
~ 'Qt;y (not shown)?
@ represents 50 feet.
(A) 60°
(B) 120°
(C) 135°
Of the five buildings, the height of the tallest
(0) 150°
building is how many times the height of the
shortest building? (E) 165 0

(A) 2.0
(B) 3.0
(C) 3.5
(0) 4.0
(E) 4.5
1llI. On a certain map, a distance of m miles is
represented by 2.0 inches. If a distance of
4.8 miles is represented by 3.2 inches on the
map, what is the value of m ?

(A) 1.6
o Itin can be concluded that each of the buildings
Bay City that is not represented on the graph
(0) 6.4
must have a height that is not more than how
(E) 9.6
many feet?

(A) 100
(B) 90
(C) 70
(0) 60
(E) 50


Section 2
m The product (x - 4)(x + 2) is negative for each
of the following values of x EXCEPT
m Ifthere
a survey of a town's households revealed th;lt
were telephones in exactly 75 percent of
the 'households and television sets in exactly
(A) 3 90 percent of the households, what percent of
(B) -1 the households surveyed had neither a tele­
(C) 0 phone nor a television set?
(D) 1
(E) 3 (A) 1%
(B) 5%
(C) 10%
(D) 35%
(E) It cannot be determined from the informa­
tion given,

m If (a - b)2 = 9 and ab = 10, what is the value
of a 2 + b 2 ?

(A) 1
(0,2) (2,2) (B) 19
(C) 24
(D) 29
(E) 81

m What is the slope of line Q in the graph above?

(A) 2

(B) 1

(D) o
(E) 2


Section 2
III A certain rectangle has sides .parallel t~ the III'Let x represent the number that is x
coordinate axes. If the endpomts of a dlagonal followed by n groups of 3 zeros each. For
of the rectangle have coordinates (I, 2) and
(5, 4), what is the length of the longer. side' of example, 15 W represents 15,000,000. Which
the rectangle? of the following represents the same number
(A) 2 as I,OOO®?
(B) 3 (A) I@)
(C) 4
(B) 1@
(D) 5
(E) 2{5 (C) 10@)
(D) 1O@

(E) 100@

III What is the least integer value of x that III If there are exactly 7 males in a 25-member
makes the statement "5 times x is greater club, then the club has how many more female
than x minus 4" a true statement? members than male members?
(A) -2 (A) 7
(B) -1 (B) 9
(C) 0 (C) 11
(D) 1 (D) 14
(E) 2 (E) 18


Section 2

III Points M, N, and Q lie on a line. If the

distance between M and N is 12 and the
distance between M and Q is 8, which of
the following three statements could be true? A+----~--_i

I. M is between Nand Q.
II. N is between M and Q.
III. Q is between M and N.

(A) I only Note: Figure not drawn to scale.

(B) II only
(C) III only
(D) I and II III In the figure above, 0 is the center of the
(E) I and III circle and LCOA = 30°. What is the length
of arc ABC?

(A) ~

(B) ~
(C) ~

(D) i
m If ; §! = then y is what percent of x?
(E) 11:

(A) 33~'1'0
(B) 50%

(C) 60%

(D) 133 l %
(E) 150%


Section 2 I
2 2

x = 3.Ia m In 1989 the rainfall in New York City during

x = 2.09b the month of May was 5 times the average
x = 3.00Ic (arithmetic mean) monthly rainfall for the
x 2.9d other 11 months. What fraction of the total
x = 3.ge, rainfall for the year occurred in May?

m If x is positive, then, of the following, which I

(A) 16
is greatest?
(A) a (B) IT
(B) b
(C) c (C) 16
(D) d
(E) e 5
(D) 12
(E) IT

L III If x and yare integers, how many different

ordered pairs (x, y) will satisfy the equation
x 2 + y2 = 5?

(A) 16
(B) 8
(C) 4
m The figure above shows the location of point P (D) 2
(E) 1
fixed on the surface of a sphere. As the sphere
rotates about its axis, P moves along circular
path L at the rate of 1,000 centimeters every
m minutes. If the length of L is 1,000 d cen­
timeters, how many minutes does it take P to
make one complete revolution?

(A) dm

(B) !i
(C) 1000
(D) l,OOOm
(E) l,OOOd

Section 3


(A) chronicle: events
(B) story: imagination
(C) memoir: reader
(D) song: composer
(E) prose: poems


(A) oU!),~e : Witt '.
(A) sacrifice: forfeited
(B) splinter: Wo.()4 (B) revere: admirable
(e) water : bucket (C) revitalize: fatigued
(D) 'twill.~~ ~pe (D) restore: irreparable
(E) cream,:1:iuttfl' •. (E) modify: altered


(A) player: Held
(A) liquid: solidify
(B) jury: member
(B) repellent: exterminate
(C) dye: color
(C) moderator: debate
(D) filter: flow
(D) whistle: penalty
(E) spectator: bleachers (E) cell: divide

(A) pharmacist: drugs (A) fan: notoriety
(B) donor: gratitude
(B) detective: clues
(C) expert: apprenticeship
(C) mason: bricks
(D) thief: larceny
(D) dispatcher: taxicabs
(E) scholar: plagiarism
(E) vendor: merchandise

(A) explosive: temperament
(A) team: fans
(B) logical: though t
(B) stage: dancers (C) inflexible: opinion
(C) family: sisters (D) vocal: belief
(D) cast: actors (E) fertile: imagination
(E) circus: jugglers

(A) glower: look
(A) volume: sound (B) humiliate: cry
(B) image: microscop'e
(C) tremble: frighten
(C) calibration: measurement (D) flutter: fly
(D) inch: feet (E) mince: walk
(E) distance: odometer

(A) tenuous: fantasy
(A) repay: installment (B) rebellious: revolt
(B) educate: knowledge (C) temperate: appetite
(C) demote: rank
(D) indelicate: tact
(D) agree: quarrel (E) inviolate: purity
(E) punish: wrongdoing


Section 3
:e~f~~lo~~(tbfq\l:e~ti their cont~nt; questions following a P4l! of related
:is~?91l,~e(e1:J.ti9n>.; t~e paired passages. Answeitb:e ques~ions on the
t isstllt~dor
'c· ,";'-;:' _
? "
," _
" ."
in the
., __
iIltroductory material thatma;y !})erirpvided.
- , -',' ?/

Questions 42-52 are based on the following cities in Poland and Russia were closely linked, as
passages. to both cause and time; young people who fled the
economic and cultural stagnation of the shtet!
From the 1880's until the 1920's, Jewish people might go to New York or to Warsaw, depending on
immigrated to the United States from Eastern (45) .circumstance and desire, but what mattered most
Europe in large numbers. Passage 1 below is from was that they had to go somewhere, feeling stifled
a 1976 historical account of this immigration. and without hope in the shted, Among the Jewish
Passage 2 is from a 1917 novel based on the immigrants from Eastern Europe in the years after
author's own experiences as a young man fleeing 1900, a growing minority would already have had
the persecution of Jews in Russia. (50) some taste of city life; but most of those who
came between 1880 and 1900 knew little about
Passage 1 city life in any firsthand way. For the majority, the
first sustained experience of modern urban life
The mass migration of the Jews from Eastern began' after they left Castle Garden,2 when they
Europe to the United States not only signified the (55) could either~ lose themselves in the streets of New
beginning of a major change in the physical York's Lower East Side, where most Jewish immi·
Line circumstances of the Jewish people; it also brought grants went first, or prepare to travel to one of its
(5) an upheaval in their social existence that was at smaller equivalents in Chicago or Philadelphia.
some crucial points similar to the effect of the
Industrial Revolution on England's people a Passage 2
century earlier. Masses of people being forced out
of, and then choosing to flee, the countryside; a When the European discoverers of America saw
(10) loss of traditional patterns of preindustrial culture; (60) land at last, they fell on their knees and a hymn of
the sudden crowding of pauperized or proletari­ thanksgiving burst from their souls. The scene,
anized l human beings into ghastly slums and their which is one of the most thrilling in history,
subjection to inhumane conditions of work in repeats itself in the heart of every immigrant as he
factories; a cataclysm that leaves people broken, or she comes in sight of the American shores. I am
(15) stunned, helpless-these elements of the Indus­ (65) at a loss to convey the peculiar state of mind that
trial Revolution were re-enacted, within a shorter the experience created in me. When the ship
time span, in the mass migration of Eastern reached Sandy Hook at the entrance of New York
European Jews around the turn of the century. Harbor, I was literally overcome with the beauty
In one experience-rapid, sometimes violent, of the landscape.
(20) rarely understood by those who suffered it-this (70) The immigrant's arrival in a new country is like
migration combined three kinds of change: first, a a second birth. Imagine a newborn babe in posses­
physical uprooting from the long-familiar setting sion of a fully developed intellect. Would it ever
of small-town life in Eastern Europe to the wastes forget its entry into the world? Neither does the
and possibilities of urban America; second, a immigrant ever forget the entry into a country
(25) severe rupture from and sometimes dispossession (75) that is a new world in the profoundest sense of the
of the moral values and cultural supports of the term and in which he or she expects to pass the
Jewish tradition; and third, a radical shift in class . remainder of life. I conjure up the gorgeousness of
composition, mostly as a sudden enforced proletar­ the spectacle as it appeared to me on that clear
ianization. Anyone of these alone would have June morning: the magnificent verdure of Staten
(30) been painful; the three together made for a culture (80) Island, the tender blue of sea and sky, the dignified
shock from which it would take many immigrants
years to recover. Some never did. .
At least during the last two decades of the nine­
teenth century, the great majority of the Eastern
(35) European Jewish immigrants came from shtetls
(small, traditional Jewish villages). There was no
other place from which they could have come,
since the process of urbanization among the East­
ern European Jews was just beginning. Indeed,
(40) immigration to America and a movement to the

Section 3
bustle of passing craft-above all, those floating, m The author of Passage 1 mentions "wastesand
squatting, multitudinously windowed palaces that possibilities" (lines 23-24) in order to
I subsequently learned to call ferries. It was all so (A) argue that the United States offered better
utterly unlike anything I had ever seen or dreamed . opportunities for Jewish people than
85) of before. It unfolded itself like a divine revelation. England did
I was in a trance or in something closely resem­ (B) point out similarities between European
bling one. and United States cities
"This, then, is America!" I exclaimed, mutely, (C) suggest the extremes of experience to be
The notion of something enchanted which the encountered by immigrants to the
(90) name had always evoked in me now seemed fully United States
borne out. (D) disparage the social values of the United
My transport of admiration, however, only States around the turn of the century
added to my sense of helplessness and awe. Here, (E) contrast the expectations of Jewish immi­
on shipboard, I was sure of my shelter and food, at / grants with those of other immigrant
(95) least. How was I going to procure my sustenance groups
on those magic shores? I wished the remaining
hour could be prolonged indefinitely.
m "Some never did" in line 32 implies that some
I proletarians:members of the industrial working class Eastern European Jews
2a place in New York City where immigrants were taken on (A) decided not to come to the United States
arrival (B) refused to accept their children'S American
(C) did not find jobs in the United States
m The "cataclysm" referred to in line 14 is (D) never returned to their homeland
(A) the imposition of a new political order on (E) could not adjust to their new surroundings
an unwilling population
(B) the economic stagnation of the Eastern Em! In the sentence "Indeed, immigratio~ .. " in
European countryside the shtetl" (lines 39-47), the author Imphes
(C) the decision to leave the shtetl that which of the following was true?
(D) a devastating change in a way of life
(E) a dangerous and discouraging job (A) Some European cities seemed to offer
opportunities similar to those in cities
in the United States,
m In the first paragra~h of Passa~e I, the discus­ (B) Many cities in EUrope were strongly
sion of the Industnal RevolutIOn serves to affected by the customs of the United
(A) suggest that the United States was more States.
industrialized than Europe (C) The shtetl promised as many o~portunities
(B) emphasize the conflict between the . . as did seemingly more attractlve places
demands of industry and those of reh­ in Europe, .
gion (D) Most cities in Western Europe had JeWIsh
(C) show one of the forces that led to the communities. .
immigration of European Jews to the (E) The Industrial Revolution took place later
United States in Russia than in the United States.
(D) describe the reactions of Jewish immi­
grants to their jobs in Americ.an factories
(E) provide an analogy to the exper~ence of
Jewish immigrants to the Umted States


Section 3
iii In line 53, "sustained" most nearly means lUI Which best explains the contrasts in the ways
(A) nourished (B) prolonged (C) upheld the two passages present immigrants?
(D) preserved (E) supported (A) The immigrants described in Passage 1
came from more densely populated cities
III The narrator of Passage 2 compares himself than did the narrator in Passage 2.
to the discoverers of America" (line 59)
(B) The immigrants described in Passage 1 had
because he fewer opportunities to get good jobs than
did the narrator in Passage 2.
(A) suffered the loss of friends on his journey (e) The focus of Passage 2 is limited to an
(B) was overjoyed to glimpse a new country early stage in an immigrant's experience,
(C) was the first of many of his faith to arrive whereas Passage 1 includes the subse­
in a new land quent experiences of immigrants.
(D) had found a new way to reach America (D) The parra tor in Passage 2 is not as well
(E) planned to live in a previously unsettled educated as most of the immigrants
area described in Passage 1.
(E) Unlike the immigrants described in
ED In Passage 2, the narrator mentions a Passage I, the narrator in Passage 2 has
visited the United States before.
"newborn babe" (line 71) in order to empha­
(A) the violence of the trauma he was experi­ m The two passages differ in tone in that
encing Passage 1 is
(B) his dependence on his relatives in the new (A) analytical, whereas Passage 2 is didactic
land (B) somber, whereas Passage 2 is exultant
(C) the vividness of his first experience of (C) satirical, whereas Passage 2 is reverential
America (D) resigned, whereas Passage 2 is indignant
(D) his desire for a family of his own ckt) practical, whereas Passage 2 is theoretical
(E) his need for help and guidance in an unfa­
miliar situation
III The passages differ in that Passage 1 focuses on
(A) urban life, whereas Passage 2 focuses on
rural life
(B) forms of work, whereas Passage 2 focuses
on forms of amusement
(C) conservative opinions, whereas Passage 2
focuses on progressive opinions
(D) labor relations, whereas Pass,!ge 2 focuses
on family relationships
(E) sociological observations, whereas Passage 2
focuses on personal impressions


Section 3
Questions 53·58 are based on the following The satirist is nearly always extremely sensitive
passage. to the gap between what might be and what is. A
(45) satirist who says that he or she must speak out or
The following passage was adapted from a study burst need not be taken too seriously, but much
of the role of satire in English literature. satire is undoubtedly the result of a spontaneous
or self-induced overflow of indignation and acts as
Satirists can be distinguished from writers of a release for such emotions.
comedy even though both deal with the same sort (50) What finally distinguishes satirists from other
of material. Like satirists, comic writers are alive creative writers is their dependence on the agree­
Line to the imperfections of people; comic writers see ment or approval of their readers. In actual prac­
(5) us falling short of the standards to which they tice a minority of readers will already agree with
subscribe or departing from conventions they the satirist, but the majority are either indifferent
accept. They perceive certain rigidities or a lack of and must be aroused, or hostile and must be
adaptation in their subjects and expose these fail­ convinced.
ings in their writings. But the comic writer does
(10) this, as the poet Wordsworth said ofa humble * classic comic characters in Shakespeare's plays
neighbor, "in the ease of his heart." Comic writers
seem to accept the extravagance, impudence, and
folly that a bountiful world provides for their
enjoyment. They are no more trol;lbled by moral
m Inphrase
the context of the passage, Wordsworth's
"in the ease of his heart" (line 11)
(15) issues than is the ordinary bird-watcher on wit­
nessing starlings swoop down on a bird feeder to
drive away the wrens and robins. (A) confidentially
It is in this spirit that Shakespeare "watches" (B) unwittingly
Falstaff and Sir Toby Belch, * and it is largely (C) sincerely
(20) because Shakespeare withholds moral judgment (D) without haste
that those characters are allowed to flower into (E) with acceptance
the perfection of irresponsibility. This does not
mean that comic writers have no standards or
normSj they can only be alive to the abnormal if
m In lines 14-17, the author's reference to bird­
watchers emphasizes which trait of comic
(25) they are aware of the normal. The comic writer is writers?
a balanced and integrated person. Still, he or she
has no vested interest in pushing moral standards. (A) Resourcefulness
So far as human nature is concerned, comic writ­ (B) Perceptiveness
ers are much more likely to appear as counsel for (C) Detachment
(30) the defense than counsel for the prosecution, but
(D) Wittiness
their preferred position is in the public gallery. (E) Eccentricity
Confronted with the same human shortcom­
ings, the satirist is driven to protest. The dramatist
Shaw (1856-1950) once wrote, "The salvation of
(35) the world depends on the men who will not take
evil good-humoredly, and whose laughter destroys
the fool instead of encouraging him." Yet if the
satirist is sometimes concerned with sins and
crimes almost too serious for comedy, the differ­ GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE
(40) ence between the satirist and the comic writer is
not the difference between flagrant sins and trivial

Section 3

III The comparison in lines 28-31 suggests that iii Which

statement most accurately summarizes
comic writers' preferred role is most like that the author's argument?
of which courtroom figure? (A) While both the satirist and the comic
(A) Judge writer write about human folly, only the
(B) Guard satirist seeks to alter folly.
(C) Sworn witness (B) The satirist and the comic writer share a
(D) Accused individual common purpose, but the comic writer
(E) Visiting observer is more likely to employ earthy humor.
(C) Neither the satirist nor the comic writer
m Satirists differ from comic writers in that should sacrifice artistic integrity to
make an audience comfortable.
satirists try to
(D) Both the satirist and the comic writer
(A) delight readers believe that the world would be unbear­
(B) persuade readers ably bland without the spice offoolish­
(C) antagonize readers ness.
(D) reward compassion (E) The comic writer, like the satirist, per­
(E) restore faith ceives humor as a process of inducing

III The quotation in lines 34·37 implies that satire

functions as a
(A) moral weapon
(B) subtle commentary
(C) religious cleansing
(D) fluid art form
(E) pitiless display of malice

Section 4 4 4 4 4

Column A Column B Column A Column B

I 1...__1O_k_-_9_k_-_8_k~


k(lO - 9 - 8)

In the correctly worked division problem

above, A and B are digits.

ml~ __A_+_B~1 1~___ 7_ _ ~

A customer purchased 6 liters of oil for a

Hli 2x
I 1.':

total cost of $6.30.

T he cost per liter

of oil that this cus­ $1.50

tamer purchased

_I 2n
I 1


.. I I I I I I ..

a b c d e f g h i

42 percent of n is 84.
The letters on the number line represent
consecutive positive integers.

ml n
I C 40

1111 The value of c+h I The value of e+f

IliJ The length of a The length of a

side of an equilat­ side of a square .
eral triangle with with perimeter 12

perimeter 12


Section 4 444 4

ColumnA Column B Column A Column B

The volume of rectangular solid T is 27.

ml The height of T
I 1
3 m The sum of the
odd integers from
The sum of the
even integers from
1 through 10 1f 2 through 100,
inclusive inclusive

The letters R, S, and T are to be arranged

side by side. One such arrangement is RST.

III The total possible The total possible

number of three· number of three-
letter arrangements letter arrangements m m +1
of R, S, and T of R, S, and T n n+
that begin with R that do not begin
with R
ml m
I I n + 1

8 cord feet 128 -cubic feet

6ABC is isosceles and the sum of the

41 cord foot 4 cubic feet measures of LA and LB is 140°.

IliI The measure of

the largest angl~
of 6ABC

xyz > 0


1iI--..1_ y _ z ~I --..1_ _
0 -'


Section 4 4 444

Directions for Student-Produced Response Questions

Each of the remaining 10 questions (41-50) requires you to solve the problem and enter your answer by
marking the ovals in the special grid, as shown in the examples below.
7 Answer: 201
Ans~er: 12 or 7/12 Answer: 2.5 Either position is correct.
Write answer -
in boxes.
® ®® ® point
®®®e ®e®® ®e®®
Grid in ­ CD CD CD CD
®®®® ®®®e
®®®® ®®®® Note: You may start your answers
eCDCDCD any column, space permitting.
Columns not needed should be left
,CDI®®®· blank.

• Mark no more than one oval in any column. • Decimal Accuracy: If you obtain a decimal
answer, enter the most accurate value the grid
• Because the answer sheet will be machine­ will accommodate. For example, if you obtain
scored, you will receive credit only if the ovals an answer such as 0.6666 ... , you should
are filled in correctly.
record the result as .666 or .667. Less accurate
• Although not required, it is suggested that you values such as .66 or .67 are not acceptable.
write your answer in the boxes at the top of the
columns to help you fill in the ovals accurately. Acceptable ways to grid ~ .6666 ...
• Some problems may have more than one correct
answer. In such cases, grid only one answer.
• No question has anegative answer.

• Mixed numbers such as 2~ must be gridded as o(ii)®

2.5 or 5/2. (If li~~j'121
is gridded, it will be
®e®0 ®®0®
21 1
interpreted as ,not 2 ,) CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD CD
®®®® ®®®® ®®®®
®®®® ®eee ®ee®

m Let. represent the tens digit in the two-digit ED If 3x +2y = 20 and x and yare positive integers,
what is one possible value of x?
number .8. If .8 is a multiple of 12, then.
must represent whkh digit?


Section 4 4 4 4 4

m A tile design is made up of 2.0,000 square tiles III If ax + 3 = 5 and bx + 4 = 7, what is the
that are either red, white, or blue in color. The,
value of !!.?
numbers of red, white, and blue tiles are in the a
ratio of 5 to 3 to 2, respectively. How many
blue tiles appear in the design?

----------------~ ---

III After the shaded squares are cut away from the
square sheet of paper shown above, the remain­
Ling paper is folded and taped to form a cubical
; box with no top. What is the volume of the
box in cubic centimeters?

m In the figure above, what is the value of x?


Section 4 4 4 4 4

iii A certain parking lot charges $1.50 for the first III A box contains 20 green marbles, an unknown
hour or fraction thereof and $0.75 for each addi­ number of yellow marbles, and no other mar­
tional hour or fraction thereof. If a car is parked
in the lot from 9:15 a.m. until 4:40 p.m. of the bles. If a marble is to be picked at random, the
same day, what is the exact parking charge, in
probability that a yellow marble will be picked
dollars? (Disregard the $ sign when gridding
your answer. If, for example, the amount is is ~. How many yellow marbles are in the
$1.37, grid 1.37) box?

III If5 x 7 x 9 x 1 r x IS 3 k X Sm x 77, where C

k and 111 are integers, what is the value of
111 + k?

IDJ In the figure above, what is the ratio of the area

of flACD to the area of flABE?

You answered 25 out of 58 verbal questions correctly: You answered 30 out of 50 math questions correctly:
7 out of 8 Easy questions 8 out of 9 Easy questions
15 out of 36 Medium questions 21 out of 28 Medium questions
3 out of 14 Hard questions lout of 13 Hard questions

You answered 25 questions correctly and earned 25 pOints. You answered 30 questions correctly and earned 30 points.
You omitted 3 questions and earned 0 pOints. You omitted 1 questions and earned 0 pOints.
You answered 30 questions Incorrectly and lost 7 pOints. You answered 19 questions Incorrectly and lost 4 pOints.

+ Your answef was correct. E Easy question

A-E Letter of your answer chOice if your answer was Incorrect. M Medium question
o You omitted the question. H Hard question


Correct Answer(s)