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Unit 5 Test Study Guide Name: _________________________________________

(Systems of Equations & Inequalities) Date: ____________________________ Per: __________

Topic 1: Solving Systems of Equations by Graphing


Solve each system of equations by graphing.
x + y = 2 y 3 x − 5 y = 15 y
1.  2. 
x − y = 4  y = 2x + 4

x x

 x − 4 y = 28 3 y = 4 x − 6
3.  y 4. 
 x + 2 y = −2 8 x − 6 y = −30 y

x x

Topic 2: Solving Systems of Equations by Substitution


Solve each system of equations by substitution.
 y = 2x + 3 2 x + 3 y = 4
5.  6. 
 y = −x − 9  y = 5 x − 27

© Gina Wilson (All Things Algebra®, LLC), 2012-2016


 x + 4 y = 19 6 x − y = −21
7.  8. 
x − 2y = 1 5 x + 3 y = 17

Topic 3: Solving Systems of Equations by Elimination


Solve each system of equations by elimination.
 x − 3 y = −13 2 x + 8 y = 6
9.  10. 
3 x + 7 y = 25 5 x + 20 y = 15

7 x − y = 19  4 x − y = −4
11.  12. 
2 x − 3 y = 19 5 x = 2 y + 1

© Gina Wilson (All Things Algebra®, LLC), 2012-2016


Topic 4: Systems of Equations Applications
Define variables, set up a system of equations, then solve by substitution elimination.
13. A tennis coach took his team out for lunch and bought 8 hamburgers and 5 fries for $24. The
players were still hungry so the coach bought 6 more hamburgers and 2 more fries for $16.60.
Find the cost for one hamburger.

14. Jim sells hot dogs for $2.95 each and steak sandwiches for $9.95 each out of his food cart.
During a busy outdoor festival, he sold a total of 985 items for $7343.75. How many steak
sandwiches did he sell?

15. Bob bought 24 hockey tickets for $83. Adult tickets cost $5.50 and child tickets cost $2.00.
How many child tickets did he buy?

16. Ethan makes $6 per hour mowing lawns and $7.50 per hour bagging groceries. Last week, he
made a total of $129. The difference between the number of hours bagging groceries and
the number of hours mowing lawns was 10. How many hours did Ethan spend mowing lawns?

17. Dustin has only nickels and quarters in his piggy bank. He has 49 coins total for a combined
value of $8.85. How many of each type of coin does he have?

© Gina Wilson (All Things Algebra®, LLC), 2012-2016


Topic 5: Linear Inequalities
Graph each linear inequality to show all possible solutions.
18. 2 x − 3 y < 6 y 19. x ≥ −3 y

x x

Topic 6: Systems of Linear Inequalities


Graph each system of linear inequalities to show all possible solutions.
 y < 3x − 2 y 2 x − y ≥ 0 y
20.  21. 
 y > −x + 3 3 x + y < 5

x x

Topic 7: Systems of Linear Inequalities Application


22. Rob works part time at the Fallbrook Riding Stable. He makes $5 an hour exercising horses
and $10 an hour cleaning stalls. Because Rob is a full-time student, he can work no more than
12 hours per week. However, he must make at least $60 per week.
a. Write and graph a system of inequalities:

_________________________________

_________________________________

b. Write two possible solutions:

i. __________________________________

ii. __________________________________

© Gina Wilson (All Things Algebra®, LLC), 2012-2016