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ALE-IDOC Scenario using Custom IDOC

Aim: Transfer the data from one system to another using user customized IDOC.

Sender System:

Server: 172.25.8.185

Client: 200

Data from Z table: zsach1

ReceiverSystem:

Server: 172.25.9.198

Client: 800

Data from Z table: zsach1

Data is fetched from Z table on the sender system and inserted it in the Z table of Receiver
system using ALE/IDOC.

Settings on the Sender End

Table Creation T – Code SE11. The table contains data that is to be sent to Receiver.

ALE Configuration

T-Code – SALE

Defining Logical System


200 is our sender

800 is our receiver

Assigning Client to Logical System

200 is our sender

800 is our receiver

Defining Target System for RFC Calls (Tcode – SM59)


Click on R/3 Connections and then Create TAB

Step 1

Step 2
Save and test the connection.

Defining Port

The sender system is connected to the receiver system through this Port.

Defining Partner Profiles


The partner for client 200(Sender) is the client 800 (Receiver)

Since this is a sender we have to define only Outbound Parameters in this case.

Here you can see the Message type is Z message type.

2. Maintaining Distribution Model ( TCode BD64 )


Create new Distribution Model
Add Message Type
Now Distribute this Model View

Distribute it from Edit  Model View  Distribute


Defining the Z Segment type

Tcode – WE31

Defining the Basic Type

T Code WE30

Click on New
This will take you to next screen as follows

Here you have connected the basic type to the segment type.

Enter again and this will take you to screen as follows


This shows the relation between the basic and the segment types.

Next you need to make the entry of the segment in the system table.

Tcode : WE81

Next is the following entry which is required.


Here you are specifying the message type and the basic type and the release version.

This is all about the configuration you need to do on the sender side.

Now on the sender side you also need a program that will fetch the required data, couple it
in the IDOC format and post it.

Here is a small piece of code that could be useful.

*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Report ZSACH_CUST_IDOC *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& *
*& *
*&---------------------------------------------------------------------*
report zsach_cust_idoc .
parameters : p_logsys like tbdlst-logsys.
data : gen_segment like edidd-segnam value 'ZSACH'.
data : control_dat like edidc,
gen_data like z1hdr .
tables :zsach1.
data: begin of inttab occurs 0,
lname type z1hdr-lname,
fname type z1hdr-fname,
end of inttab.
data :
int_edidd like edidd occurs 0 with header line,
int_edidc like edidc occurs 0 with header line.
select * from zsach1 into corresponding fields of table inttab.
if sy-subrc ne 0.
message 'no data' type 'I'.
exit.
endif.
control_dat-mestyp = 'ZSACH'.
control_dat-idoctp = 'ZSACH'.
control_dat-rcvprt = 'LS'.
control_dat-rcvprn = p_logsys.

loop at inttab.
gen_data-lname = inttab-lname.
gen_data-fname = inttab-fname.
* GEN_DATA-SSN = INTTAB-SSN.
* GEN_DATA-DOB = INTTAB-DOB.
int_edidd-segnam = gen_segment.
int_edidd-sdata = gen_data.
append int_edidd.
endloop.
call function 'MASTER_IDOC_DISTRIBUTE'
exporting
master_idoc_control = control_dat
* OBJ_TYPE = ''
* CHNUM = ''
tables
communication_idoc_control = int_edidc
master_idoc_data = int_edidd
exceptions
error_in_idoc_control =1
error_writing_idoc_status =2
error_in_idoc_data =3
sending_logical_system_unknown =4
others =5
.
if sy-subrc <> 0.
message id sy-msgid type sy-msgty number sy-msgno.
else.
loop at int_edidc.
write :/ 'IDOC GENERATED',int_edidc-docnum.
endloop.
commit work.
endif.

Settings on the receiver side.

The ALE configuration is same as we did it on the sender side. Please refer to earlier pages.

The receiver specific differences are mentioned below.

T-Code – SALE

200 is our sender

800 is our receiver

Steps

Defining Logical System (Same as sender)

Assigning Client to Logical System (Same as sender)

Defining Target System for RFC Calls (Tcode – SM59) (Same as sender)
Defining Port(Same as sender)

Defining Partner Profiles – Here we are accepting the data from Sender system. Hence we need
to configure it as Inbound.

Click on the sign above to go to next screen.


Here the message type is to be created again as it was created on the sender side.

The following steps are repeated, as done on the sender side, on the receiver end

Tcode WE30

Tcode WE31

Tcode WE82

Tcode WE81

Here on the receiver end, we need to specify a process code at the time of defining the partner
profile.

Process code is something that has the logic defined about what to be done after receiving the
IDOC.

In our case, on receipt of the IDOC, we are updating the Z Table. i.e Inserting the data from the
IDOC into the Z Table.
Creating a Process Code

Tcode – WE42
The logic associated is coded in the Function Module which is specified in the Identification
Field above.

Also the processing type is selected as Processing by Function Module as above.

The function Module is specified in the following screen.


To have your function Module in the above drop down list, the entry is to be made using the following
transaction

TCode – BD51

Once the entry is done here, the function module appears in the drop down list in the previous
stage.

Also it is important to make the following entry

Tcode WE57

Function Module will look something as below:


Source Code
function z_idoc_input_sach .
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
*"*"Local interface:
*" IMPORTING
*" VALUE(INPUT_METHOD) LIKE BDWFAP_PAR-INPUTMETHD
*" VALUE(MASS_PROCESSING) LIKE BDWFAP_PAR-MASS_PROC
*" VALUE(NO_APPLICATION_LOG) LIKE SY-DATAR OPTIONAL
*" VALUE(MASSSAVEINFOS) LIKE MASSSAVINF STRUCTURE MASSSAVINF
*" OPTIONAL
*" EXPORTING
*" VALUE(WORKFLOW_RESULT) LIKE BDWF_PARAM-RESULT
*" VALUE(APPLICATION_VARIABLE) LIKE BDWF_PARAM-APPL_VAR
*" VALUE(IN_UPDATE_TASK) LIKE BDWFAP_PAR-UPDATETASK
*" VALUE(CALL_TRANSACTION_DONE) LIKE BDWFAP_PAR-CALLTRANS
*" TABLES
*" IDOC_CONTRL STRUCTURE EDIDC
*" IDOC_DATA STRUCTURE EDIDD
*" IDOC_STATUS STRUCTURE BDIDOCSTAT
*" RETURN_VARIABLES STRUCTURE BDWFRETVAR
*" SERIALIZATION_INFO STRUCTURE BDI_SER
*" EXCEPTIONS
*" WRONG_FUNCTION_CALLED
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
include mbdconwf.
data : it_emp_data like zsach1 occurs 0 with header line.
data : gen_data like zsach1 .
workflow_result = c_wf_result_ok.
data : counter type int4.
select count( * ) from zsach1 into counter.
counter = counter + 1.
loop at idoc_contrl.
if idoc_contrl-mestyp ne 'ZSACH'.
raise wrong_function_called.
endif.
clear gen_data.
refresh it_emp_data.
loop at idoc_data where docnum eq idoc_contrl-docnum.
if idoc_data-segnam = 'ZSACH'.
gen_data = idoc_data-sdata.
it_emp_data-mandt = counter.
it_emp_data-lname = gen_data-lname.
it_emp_data-fname = gen_data-fname.
counter = counter + 1.
append it_emp_data.
else.
message 'ERROR' type 'I'.
endif.
endloop.
endloop.
insert zsach1 from table it_emp_data.
*****
call function 'EDI_DOCUMENT_OPEN_FOR_EDIT'
exporting
document_number = idoc_data-docnum
importing
idoc_control = idoc_contrl
tables
idoc_data = idoc_data
exceptions
document_foreign_lock =1
document_not_exist =2
document_not_open =3
status_is_unable_for_changing = 4
others = 5.
call function 'EDI_CHANGE_DATA_SEGMENTS'
tables
idoc_changed_data_range = idoc_data
exceptions
idoc_not_open =1
data_record_not_exist = 2
others = 3.
data t_itab_edids40 like edi_ds40 occurs 0 with header line.
clear t_itab_edids40.
t_itab_edids40-docnum = idoc_data-docnum.
t_itab_edids40-status = '51'.
t_itab_edids40-repid = sy-repid.
t_itab_edids40-tabnam = 'EDI_DS'.
t_itab_edids40-mandt = sy-mandt.
t_itab_edids40-stamqu = 'SAP'.
t_itab_edids40-stamid = 'B1'.
t_itab_edids40-stamno = '999'.
t_itab_edids40-stapa1 = 'Sold to changed to '.
*t_itab_edids40-stapa2 = t_new_kunnr.
t_itab_edids40-logdat = sy-datum.
t_itab_edids40-logtim = sy-uzeit.
append t_itab_edids40.
call function 'EDI_DOCUMENT_CLOSE_EDIT'
exporting
document_number = idoc_data-docnum
do_commit = 'X'
do_update = 'X'
write_all_status = 'X'
tables
status_records = t_itab_edids40
exceptions
idoc_not_open = 1
db_error =2
others = 3.
endfunction.

Running the Application

Sender system

Execute the program we created earlier


Checking the IDOC

T Code WE02

Checking the data on the Receiver end

Tcode: WE02
The IDOC has arrived here

Checking the Data

Double click on the IDOC

Checking the Database


This way, the data has come to the receiver end successfully.