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DIRECTIONS: Read each question carefully and choose the best answer.
Mark your choice on the answer sheet provided.

1) In a sample of oxygen gas at 300 K, how is the kinetic energy distributed?

A. Some of the molecules have no kinetic energy

B. All of the molecules have the same kinetic energy
C. A few of the molecules have a very low kinetic energy
D. A few of the molecules have most of the kinetic energy

2) A new volume of a fixed mass of gas whose pressure is increased from 100 kPa to 400
kPa at a constant temperature is

A. one half of the original volume

B. two times the original volume
C. four times the original volume
D. one fourth the original volume

3) A 10 g sample of carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas produced by incomplete

combustion of hydrocarbons, occupies fifteen litres at a pressure of 200 kPa. The
volume occupied by the carbon monoxide when the pressure is increased to 700 kPa is

A. 1.16 L
B. 4.05 L
C. 4.29 L
D. 52.5 L

4) All of these factors affect pressure of helium in a weather balloon.

1. Loss of some helium atoms
2. Reduced volume of the weather balloon
3. Decreased atmospheric pressure
4. Decreased temperature of the helium

Which factors decrease the pressure of the helium?

A. 1, 2,and 3
B. 1, 3,and 4
C. 2, 3, and 4
D. 2, 1, and 4
5) Decreasing the volume of a gas at constant temperature causes the pressure to
increase because

A. there are more molecules

B. the molecules are moving faster
C. the molecules are striking a smaller area with a greater force
D. the molecules are striking a smaller area with the same force

6) If gas in a rigid steel container is heated from 0°C to 300°C, the least change will occur

A. the force with which the molecules impact the cylinder walls
B. the average kinetic energy of the molecules
C. the gas density
D. the average speed of the gas molecules

Use the following information to answer the next question.

In 1960, it was discovered that interstellar dust clouds contained carbon chains
at temperatures below 50 K. The chain molecules C3 and C5 were found in these
frozen clouds.

7) When expressed in degrees Celsius, the temperature of these interstellar dust

clouds is

A. below -223°C
B. below -203°C
C. above -223°C
D. above -323°C

Use the following information to answer the next question.

Researchers have been able to convert carbon into diamond at 2000°C and at
1.00 x 105 atm.

8) The IUPAC equivalent of this temperature and pressure is

A. 1727 K and 987 kPa

B. 1727 K and 1.01 x 107 kPa
C. 2273 K and 987 kPa
D. 2273 K and 1.01 x 107 kPa
Use the following information to answer the next question.

Neon signs emit an unmistakable glow, making them a popular choice for many
night time-based small businesses. Neon is an extremely inert (unreactive) gas
but it is not an ideal gas.

9) In which of the following ways does neon and all other real gases differ from an
ideal gas?

A. Real gas molecules are not in constant motion and ideal gas molecules are.
B. Real gas molecules do not exert pressure on the walls of a container but
ideal gas molecules do
C. Real gas molecules are attracted to each other, but ideal gas molecules are not.
D. Real gas molecules have no volume and ideal gas molecules have volume.

10) The law that summarizes the relationship between the volume and pressure of a
fixed quantity of gas at constant temperature is

A. Boyle’s Law
B. Charle’s Law
C. Combined Gas Law
D. Avogadro’s Law

Use the statements to answer the question.

1. Gases are easily compressed.

2. Metals readily conduct electricity.
3. Sugar dissolves in tea without stirring.
4. The scent of a skunk spreads over a wide area.
5. The mass of a boulder can remain unchanged for long periods of time.

11) The statements which support the kinetic molecular theory are

A. 1,2, and 3
B. 1,3, and 4
C. 1,2,3, and 4
D. 2,3,4, and 5
Use the statements to answer the question.

A student measured the volume of a sample of air at different temperatures and

constant pressure. The observations were recorded in a data table.

The Volume of an Air Sample at Various Temperatures

Temperature (ºC) Volume (mm3)
100 126
75 119
50 109
25 102
0 92

12) After analyzing the data in the table, the student could conclude that the

A. temperature, in Kelvin, times the volume is a constant

B. volume divided by the temperature, in Kelvin, is a constant
C. temperature, in degree Celsius, times the volume is a constant
D. volume divided by the temperature, in degrees Celsius, is a constant

DIRECTIONS: Answer all questions on this paper. Please show all your work for
mathematical calculations unless specifically otherwise stated.
Complete sentences are not required.

1) If a 5.00 g sample of ethyl mercaptan (MW=62.14g/mol) were allowed to fill a 3.50L sealed
container, what would be the theoretical pressure exerted at 25°C, assuming the container
didn’t expand.
2) A sample of hydrogen gas has a volume of 28.0 L at SATP. What would be the new volume of
the hydrogen gas if the temperature was increased by 34.0°C and at the same time the
pressure was increased by 120 kPa?

Use the following information to answer the next question.

After World War I, Fritz Haber perfected the industrial production of large
quantities of ammonia from the catalyzed reaction of nitrogen and hydrogen, as
shown below.
N2(g) + 3 H2(g) -> 2NH3(g)

3) What is the volume occupied by a mole of ammonia in reaction conditions of 400°C and
250 atm?

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