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Q1. Encircle the correct answer. (8)
(I) when heat is added to the system then entropy change is
(a)positive (b)negative (c)zero (d)none
(II) In an isothermal process which one of the following is constant
(a)pressure (b)volume (c)temperature (d)heat energy
(III) The increase in the entropy means the increase in
(a)disorder (b)unavailability of energy (c)randomness (d)all of these
(IV) Cloud formation in the atmosphere is an example of
(a) adiabatic process (b)isothermal process (c)isobaric process (d)isochoric process
(V)Working cycle of typical petrol engine consists of
(a)two strokes (b)four strokes (c)six strokes (d)eight strokes
(VI) The efficiency of diesel engine is about
(a)30% to 35% (b)25% to 30% (c)35% to 40% (d) none
(VII)The efficiency of a carnot engine between HTR at T1 and LTR at T2 is given by
(a)1-T1/T2 (b)T2-T1/T1 (c) T1-T2/T1 (d)T1/T1-T2
(VIII)Entropy was introduced by Rudolph Clausius in
(a)1859 (b)1858 (c)1857 (d)1856
Q2. Answer the following questions. (18)
(I) Cp ˃ Cv. Why?
(II) Is it possible to convert internal energy into mechanical energy? Explain with an example
(III) Why the pressure of a gas in a car tyre increases when it is driven through some distance
(IV)why is the average velocity of the molecules in a gas zero but the average of the square of velocities is not zero?
(V) Does Entropy of a system increase or decrease due to friction?
(VI) What happens to the temperature of a room, when an air conditioner is left running on a table in the middle of room?
(VII) A thermo flask containing milk as a system is shaken rapidly. Does the temperature of milk rise?
(VIII) Can the mechanical energy be converted completely into heat energy? If so give an example
(IX) Can heat from a source at a single temperature can be converted entirely into work? Explain
Q3: (a) what is carnot engine? Explain its construction and working? Also State carnot theorem (6)
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(b) A mechanical engineer develops an engine, working b/w 327 C and 27 C and claims to have an efficiency of 52%.
Does he claim correctly? Explain (4)
Q4: (a) Define molar specific heat at constant pressure and volume and prove that CP-Cv=R (5)
(b) A heat engine performs 100 J of work and at the same time rejects 400 J of heat energy to the cold reservoirs.
What is the efficiency of the engine? (4)
Q5: Answer the following questions
(I) Under what conditions two or more sources of light behave as coherent sources?
(II) Can visible light produce interference fringes?
(III) An oil film spreading over a wet footpath shows colours. Explain how does it happen?
(IV)Why the Polaroid sunglasses are better than ordinary sunglasses?
(V) How would you distinguish b/w un-polarized and plane-polarized lights?
(VI) Explain wether the young’s experiment is an experiment for studying interference or diffraction effects of light?
(VII) How is the distance b/w interference fringes affected by the separation b/w the slits of young’s experiment? Can
fringes disappear?