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SAGA NO.

M OD ULE NA M E

LET THE ADVENDTURE BEGIN

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SPARK X5
Every great legend begins with a spark

Have you ever


wondered…


What is this Sometimes, page
letter/number/symbols numbers of the preface
after these famous section of a book..?
Kings' names - Henry What are those
IV, George VI? symbols?
THE BIG IDEA

There is another system of writing numbers that uses


alphabets and symbols. It is called the Roman
Numeral System.

The Roman
Numeral


system does not
have a 0. How
do you think it
manages
without it?
4
PRACTICE
Master what you have learned and hone your skills in return for prestige

EASY

1. Given below are some numbers. Place them in the Indo-Arabic X4


numeral box or in the Roman Numerals box.

M D
1 8
4 7 C 5 X
I 0 3
Indo-Arabic Numerals Roman Numerals

2. Match the following Roman Numerals with their corresponding


X4
Indo-Arabic Numerals.

a) 500 1. V
b) 10 2. No numeral
c) 1 3. M

d) 50 4. I
e) 100 5. C

f) 1000 6. X
g) 0 7. D
h) 5 8. L
3. Visit to a kindergarten in ancient Rome! Let us look at how kids
in ancient Rome used to practice how to write numbers. Write X4
the corresponding Roman Numerals in the space below.

a) 1 f) 6

b) 2 g) 7

c) 3 h) 8

d) 4 i) 9

e) 5 j) 10

4. Choose whether the following objects use Roman Numerals or


Indo-Arabic Numerals.

a) b)

Roman Numerals Roman Numerals


Indo-Arabic Numerals Indo-Arabic Numerals

c) d)

Roman Numerals Roman Numerals


Indo-Arabic Numerals Indo-Arabic Numerals
e) f)

X4

Roman Numerals Roman Numerals


Indo-Arabic Numerals Indo-Arabic Numerals

g) h)

Roman Numerals Roman Numerals


Indo-Arabic Numerals Indo-Arabic Numerals

5. Symbols in Roman Numerals can be repeated to form larger numbers.


Write their Indo-Arabic numerals and mention whether the following
symbols can be repeated or not.

a) I b) V
Can be repeated Can be repeated
Cannot be repeated Cannot be repeated
c) X d) L
Can be repeated Can be repeated
Cannot be repeated Cannot be repeated

e) C f) D
Can be repeated Can be repeated
Cannot be repeated Cannot be repeated

g) M
Can be repeated
Cannot be repeated
6. Form larger numbers by repeating the following symbols.
Also write down their equivalents in the Indo-Arabic system.

a) I b) X X4
Repeat once Repeat once
= =
Repeat twice Repeat twice
= =

c) C d) M
Repeat once Repeat once
= =
Repeat twice Repeat twice
= =

7. If a smaller numeral gets added to the right of a larger numeral, X4


its value gets added to the value of the larger numeral. Form
numbers using this property!

a) VI b) LXX

Smaller Numeral = Smaller Numeral =


Larger Numeral = Larger Numeral =
Position of the smaller numeral Position of the smaller numeral
Right Left Right Left
Operation to be performed Operation to be performed
Addition Subtraction Addition Subtraction

Number = Number =
c) CIII d) MXXII

Smaller Numeral = Smaller Numeral =


Larger Numeral = Larger Numeral = X4
Position of the smaller numeral Position of the smaller numeral
Right Left Right Left
Operation to be performed Operation to be performed
Addition Subtraction Addition Subtraction

Number = Number =
e) LXV f) CL

Smaller Numeral = Smaller Numeral =


Larger Numeral = Larger Numeral =
Position of the smaller numeral Position of the smaller numeral
Right Left Right Left
Operation to be performed Operation to be performed
Addition Subtraction Addition Subtraction

Number = Number =

8. If a smaller numeral gets added to the left of a larger numeral, its


value gets subtracted from the value of the larger numeral. Form
numbers using this property!

a) IV b) IX

Smaller Numeral = Smaller Numeral =


Larger Numeral = Larger Numeral =
Position of the smaller numeral Position of the smaller numeral
Right Left Right Left
Operation to be performed Operation to be performed
Addition Subtraction Addition Subtraction

Number = Number =
c) XL d) XC

Smaller Numeral = Smaller Numeral =


Larger Numeral = Larger Numeral =
Position of the smaller numeral Position of the smaller numeral
Right Left Right Left
Operation to be performed Operation to be performed
Addition Subtraction Addition Subtraction

Number = Number =

e) CM f) CD

Smaller Numeral = Smaller Numeral =


Larger Numeral = Larger Numeral =
Position of the smaller numeral Position of the smaller numeral
Right Left Right Left
Operation to be performed Operation to be performed
Addition Subtraction Addition Subtraction

Number = Number =
NORMAL

9. When in Rome, do what the Romans do! Look at these rules X6


created by the Romans and mention if they are true or false.

a) Only the symbols I (1), X (10), C (100) and M (1000) can be


repeated to create larger numbers.
True False

b) The symbol X can be repeated maximum 4 times to create a larger


number.
True False

c) The symbols for 5 (V), 50 (L), 500 (D) can be repeated to get
multiples of these numbers.

True False

d) If the symbol for 5 (V), 50 (L), 500 (D) are written to the left of a
larger symbol, their values get subtracted from it.

True False

e) If XX is written to the left of C, we subtract 20 from 100.

True False

f) The symbol I can be subtracted from V (5), X (10), L (50) and D


(500) only.
True False

g) The symbol X can be subtracted from L (50), C (100) and M (1000)


only.
True False

h) The symbol C can be subtracted from D (500) and M (1000) only.


True False
10. Togo has written some numbers in Roman Numerals. Check
whether they are correct. Also mention the reason and the correct
expression in case they are incorrect. X6

a) VVV = 5 + 5 + 5 = 15 b) LCC = 200 – 50 = 150

Correct Incorrect Correct Incorrect

Reason (if Incorrect) Reason (if Incorrect)

Correct Expression (if Incorrect) Correct Expression (if Incorrect)

c) LM = 1000 – 50 = 950 d) CD = 500 – 100 = 400

Correct Incorrect Correct Incorrect

Reason (if Incorrect) Reason (if Incorrect)

Correct Expression (if Incorrect) Correct Expression (if Incorrect)

e) IM = 1000 – 1 = 999 f) XD = 500 – 10 = 490

Correct Incorrect Correct Incorrect

Reason (if Incorrect) Reason (if Incorrect)

Correct Expression (if Incorrect) Correct Expression (if Incorrect)


11. Write the following Roman Numerals in the Indo-Arabic form.
a) XXXIII b) CCX

X6

Indo –Arabic Indo –Arabic

c) LI d) XLI

Indo –Arabic Indo –Arabic

e) LXI f) CV

Indo –Arabic Indo –Arabic

g) LIX h) LXXXI

Indo –Arabic Indo –Arabic


12. Write the following Indo-Arabic numerals in the Roman equivalents.
a) 87 b) 38

X6

Roman Roman

c) 48 d) 108

Roman Roman

e) 77 f) 29

Roman Roman

g) 64 h) 121

Roman Roman
13. Write the following Roman Numerals in the Indo-Arabic form.
a) CXXXII b) CCCIX

X6

Indo –Arabic Indo –Arabic

c) LXXI d) DCVII

Indo –Arabic Indo –Arabic

e) CCXC f) DCLXVI

Indo –Arabic Indo –Arabic

g) CDLVII h) CMLVI

Indo –Arabic Indo –Arabic


14. Write the following Indo-Arabic numerals in the Roman equivalents.
a) 987 b) 492

X6

Roman Roman

c) 653 d) 786

Roman Roman

e) 299 f) 998

Roman Roman

g) 1121 h) 1309

Roman Roman
SUPER

13. Add the following Roman numerals by converting them into


Indo-Arabic numerals.
X8
a) LXV + XXXVII b) DCCC + CCCVII

LXV = DCCC =

XXXVII = CCCVII =

Sum = ___________ Sum = ___________

Convert into roman numerals Convert into roman numerals

___________= ___________ ___________= ___________

= =

c) XXC + XXXVIII d) DCXLIX + ML

XXC = DCXLIX =

XXXVIII = ML =

Sum = ___________ Sum = ___________

Convert into roman numerals Convert into roman numerals

___________= ___________ ___________= ___________

= =

14. Compare the following roman numerals ! X8

a) CX XC b) XXL LXX
c) CCXXXIV CDXXXII d) MLXXVI CMLXXVI

e) MMXXII MMCMLCCCIII f) CMXCIX MII

15. Multiply the following Roman numerals by converting them into X8


indo - Arabic numerals.

a) DC x VI b) XXXVI x XI

DC = XXXVI =

VI = XI =

Product = ___________ Product = ___________

Convert into roman numerals Convert into roman numerals

___________= ___________ ___________= ___________

= =
c) LIX x VII d) CIX x XXII

LIX = CIX =

VII = XXII =

Product = ___________ Product = ___________

Convert into roman numerals Convert into roman numerals

___________= ___________ ___________= ___________

= =

16. Compare the following Indo Arabic Numerals with the


corresponding Roman numerals. X8

a) MDCCXCII 1801 b) 2994 MMMCCCXI

c) MMMMCCCXII 4401 d) 1001 CMXCIX


MASTER
17. What will be the maximum number of numerals that can be used
to write a roman numeral whose equivalent is a 3 digit Indo-
Arabic numeral?
X 10

X 10
18. Write Roman numerals that are also meaningful words in
English. Write down their Indo – Arabic equivalent as well.
19. Find the largest and the smallest Roman Numerals that use
each of the numerals (I, V, X, L, C, D, M) only once.
X 10

20. Captain Spark has XVIII robots in his laboratory. Each robot can
X 10
build IX circuits in an hour. If each robot worked for IV hours,
how many circuits were printed?
21. Captain Spark and Roxy had a bet on who will finish one lap
of the Black Desert in a supersonic car. Captain Spark took
CXCVIII minutes while Roxy took CCCXIX minutes. Who
came first and by how many minutes? X 10

22. List 11 roman numerals as you can that have number of digits
X 10
that are less than that of any 2 or 3 digit Indo – Arabic
numerals. Try doing the same for 4 Digit numbers.
SHARE x 10
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LEARNOMETER

What were you supposed to learn today?

What did you learn today?

1.

2.

3.

What still confuses you?


Congratulations on completing
another successful saga Captain!
Here is your accumulated treasure
from this adventure.

Gems collected: __________

Total Gems accumulated: __________

YOU ARE AWESOME