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# 2012 MJC H2 MATH (9740) JC 2 PRELIMINARY EXAM PAPER 1 – SOLUTIONS

Qn Solution
1 Inequalities
4 − 6x
x−4≥ 2 , x ≠ ±1
x −1
( x − 4 ) ( x 2 − 1) − ( 4 − 6 x )
≥0
x2 −1
( x3 − 4 x 2 − x + 4 ) − 4 + 6 x ≥ 0
x2 −1
x3 − 4 x 2 + 5 x
≥0
x2 − 1
x ( x 2 − 4 x + 5)
≥0
x2 −1
since ( x 2 − 4 x + 5 ) = ( x − 2) + 1 > 0 for all real values of x,
2

x
≥0
( x − 1)( x + 1)
− + − +

−1 0 1
∴−1 < x ≤ 0 or x > 1

Qn Solution
2 SLE
Let f ( x ) = ax3 + bx 2 + cx + d .

Method 1:
f ( 0) =0 ⇒ d =0
f (1) = a + b + c = 3  (1)
f ′ (1) = 3a + 2b + c = 0  (2)
Since the stationary point is a point of inflexion, f ′′ (1) = 6a + 2b = 0  (3)

Using GC to solve, a = 3, b = – 9, c = 9
∴ f ( x ) = 3x3 − 9 x 2 + 9 x

Method 2:
f ( 0) =0 ⇒ d =0
f (1) = a + b + c = 3  (1)
f ′ (1) = 3a + 2b + c = 0  (2)
f ' ( x ) = 3ax 2 + 2bx + c
Since there is only one stationary point, f ' ( x ) = 0 has only one solution.
Hence, Discriminant = 0
( 2b ) − 4(3a )(c) =
2
0

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 1 of 17
4b 2 − 12ac = 0  (3)
Solving equations (1), (2) & (3), we have a =
3, b =
−9, c =
9
∴ f ( x ) = 3x − 9 x + 9 x
3 2

Method 3:
f ( 0) =0 ⇒ d =0
f (1) = a + b + c = 3  (1)
 x = 1 is the only stationary point
∴ f ′ ( x ) = k ( x − 1) = 3ax 2 + 2bx + c
2

## ∴ k =3a =−b =c  (2)

Solving (1) and (2), a =
3, b =
−9, c =
9
∴ f ( x ) = 3x3 − 9 x 2 + 9 x

Qn Solution
3 Differentiation (Implicit) + Techniques of Integration
(a) − x 2 + xy + ln y =
2
dy 1 dy
−2 x + x + y + =0
dx y dx
dy  1
 x +  =2 x − y
dx  y
dy 2 x − y 2 xy − y 2
= =
dx x + 1 xy + 1
y

( 2 ) = 22 x+1 ln 2
(bi) d 2x
dx
(bii)
∫ 2 ln 2 dx
2x x

( x ) ( 22 x +1 ln 2 )dx
1
2 ∫ =

1  2x
=  2 x − ∫ 22 x dx 
2
1 1 
=  22 x x − 22 x +C
2 2 ln 2 
 1 
= 22 x −1  x − +C
 2 ln 2 

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 2 of 17
Qn Solution
4 Complex 3 (include intersection of loci)
(i) Im

## required region for (i)

C (2, 4)
×
4

π P
4
 O
Re
A(−2, 0)
(ii) Im

C (2, 4)
×
4

π P
4 8
 Re
A(−2, 0) O
θ

(2, −4)
4 1 π
sin θ= = ∴θ =
8 2 6
π π π
smallest value of arg ( z − 2 + 4i ) = − =
2 6 3
(iii) Method 1:
AP = 42 + 42 −=
4 4 ( 2 −1)
π  π

( )
w =  −2 + 4 2 − 1 cos  +  4 2 − 1 sin  i
 4  4
( )
  1 
= (
 −2 + 4 2 − 1 

)  1 
  + 4 2 −1 
 2   2
i ( )
( ) (
=2 1− 2 + 2 2 − 2 i )

Method 2:
Equation of circle: ( x − 2 ) + ( y − 4 ) =-------(1)
2 2
16
π
Equation of half line: y − 0 = tan   ( x + 2 ) ⇒ y = x + 2, x > −2 ----(2)
4
Sub (2) into (1):

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 3 of 17
( x − 2) + ( x − 2) =
2 2
16
( x − 2) =
2
8
( x − 2) =±2 2
x=
2 − 2 2 or 2 + 2 2 ( rej. x < 0 )
x=
y= 4 − 2 2
( ) (
∴ w= 2 1 − 2 + 2 2 − 2 i )
Method 3: C
π
=PN 4= cos   2 2
4 4
π
= =
CN 4sin   2 2 π
4 4
P N
x= 2 − 2 2
y= 4 − 2 2
( ) (
∴ w= 2 1 − 2 + 2 2 − 2 i )
Qn Solution
5 Vectors 1 & 2 (Ratio Thm, application of dot & cross product)
(i) Using ratio theorem,
 
 4OM + OA
OB =
5
 
 5OB − OA
OM =
4
  −1  1  
1     
= 5 3 − −1
4      
  2   2 
 −3 
1 
= 8
2 
4
 
(ii) OA × OB
 represents the shortest/perpendicular distance from point A to the line OB.
OB
(iii)  1   −1 
     
OA × OB = −1 ×  3 
2 2
   
 −8 
=  −4 
 2
 
 −4 
= 2  −2 
 1
 

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 4 of 17
 −4 
∴ Normal to the plane containing O, A and B is  −2  .
 1
 
Method 1:
 1   −4 
   
 3  ⋅  −2 
8  1 
   
shortest distance =
21
2 21
=
21 21
2 21
= units
21
Method 2:
Let N be the foot of perpendicular from C to the plane.
1  −4 
Equation of line CN is r = 3 + λ  −2  , λ ∈ 
 
   
8  1
   
 −4 
Equation of plane: r ⋅  −2  =0
 
 1
 
 1 − 4 λ   −4 
 3 − 2λ  ⋅  −2  =0
   
Since N lies on the plane,  8 + λ   1 
2
⇒λ =
21
  2    13 
 1 − 4  21   
   21 
   
 2    59 
ON = 3 − 2  =
  21    21 
 
  2    170 
 8 +     21 
  21  
 13   8 
 21   − 21 
1
    59     4 
So CN = ON − OC = − 3 =−
 21     21 
   8   
 170   2 
 21   21 
2 2 2
 8   4  2 4
CN = −  +  −  +   =
 21   21   21  21
2 21
= units
21

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 5 of 17
Qn Solution
6 Maclaurin + Binomial Series (include concept of approximation)
ln ( ex + 2 )
f ( x) = f (0) =ln 2
e e
f ′( x) = f ′(0)
ex + 2 2
2
e e2
f ′′( x) =
− f ′′(0) =

( ex + 2 )
2
4
2e3 e3
=f (3) (0) = f (3)
(0)
( ex + 2 )
3
4
(i) x2 x3
f ( x) =
f ( 0) + x f ′ ( 0) + f ′′ ( 0 ) + f (3) ( 0 ) + ...
2! 3!
e x  e  x e 
2 2 3 3
f ( x ) = ln 2 + x   +  −  +   + ...
 2  2!  4  3!  4 
ex e 2 x 2 e3 x 3
f ( x ) = ln 2 + − + + ...
2 8 24
(ii) ex e 2 x 2 e3 x 3
ln ( ex + 2 ) = ln 2 + − + + ...
2 8 24
Differentiate both sides wrt x :
e e e 2 x e3 x 2
=− + + ...
ex + 2 2 4 8
2 ex e 2 x 2
=−
1 + + ...
ex + 2 2 4
(iii) 2
= 2 ( ex + 2 )
−1

ex + 2
−1
 ex 
= 2 ( 2)
−1
1 + 
 2
 ex  ( −1)( −2 )  ex 
2

= 1 + ( −1)   +   + ...
 2 2!  2
2 2
ex e x
=−1 + + ...
2 4

Qn Solution
7 MI + Summation
(i) 1 1 3 1 1
a2 = + = =1 − =1 −
2 2 (1)( 2 ) 4 4 2 ( 2)
3 1 5 1 1
a3 = + = =1 − =1 −
4 2 ( 2 )( 3) 6 6 2 ( 3)
5 1 7 1 1
a4 = + = =1 − =1 −
6 2 ( 3)( 4 ) 8 8 2 ( 4)
1
∴ an =1 − , c =2
2n

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 6 of 17
(ii) 1
Let Pn be the statement an =
1− for all n ∈  + .
2n
When n = 1 ,
1
LHS = a1 =
2
1 1
RHS = 1 − =
2 (1) 2
∴ P1 is true
1
Assume Pk is true for some k ∈  + , i.e. ak = 1 − .
2k
1
To prove Pk +1 is true. i.e. ak +1 = 1 −
2 ( k + 1)
1
LHS of Pk +1 : ak += ak +
2k ( k + 1)
1

1 1
=−
1 + (from assumption)
2k 2k ( k + 1)
 k +1 1 
=1−  − 
 2k ( k + 1) 2k ( k + 1) 
k
= 1−
2k ( k + 1)
1
=
1− =
RHS
2 ( k + 1)
∴ Pk is true ⇒ Pk +1 is true
Since P1 is true and Pk is true ⇒ Pk +1 is true, by Mathematical Induction, Pn is true for all
n ∈ + .
(iii) 1 1 1 1
+ + + ... + 2
2 6 12 N +N
N
1 1 1 1 1
= + + + ... + =∑
(1)( 2 ) ( 2 )( 3) ( 3)( 4 ) N ( N + 1) n =1 n ( n + 1)
N N
1 1
=
∑ n ( n + 1)
n 1=
= 2∑
n 1 2n ( n + 1)
N
= 2∑ ( an +1 − an )
n =1

= 2 ( a2 − a1
+ a3 − a2
+ a4 − a3
+ 
+ aN − aN −1
+ aN +1 − aN )
= 2 ( aN +1 − a1 )
 1 1
=
2 1 − − 
 2 ( N + 1) 2 

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 7 of 17
1
= 1−
( N + 1)

Qn Solution
8 Application of Differentiation (Max/Min, Rate of Change)
(i) Method 1:
1
Area of triangle PQR = (QR)( PQ) since ∠PQR = 90 (angle inscribed in a semicircle is
2
a right angle).

Let ∠QPR = θ.
Then QR = 2r sin θ and PQ = 2r cos θ

1
Area of PQR = (2r sin θ )(2r cos θ )
2
= 2r 2 sin θ cos θ = r 2 sin 2θ .

## For maximum area of triangle PQR,

d 2

( r sin 2θ ) = 0
2r 2 cos 2θ = 0
⇒ cos 2θ = 0
π
2θ =
2
π
∴θ =
4
π
d

( 2r 2 cos 2θ ) =−4r 2 sin 2θ =
−4r 2 < 0 when θ =
4
⇒ Area is maximum.
π π
=PQ 2=
r cos 2r =
QR 2=
r sin 2r
4 4

Method 2:
Let ∠POQ = θ.
Area of PQR = Area of POQ + Area of ROQ
1 1
= r 2 sin θ + r 2 sin (π − θ ) note:sin (π − θ ) =
sin θ
2 2
= r sin θ .
2

## For maximum area of triangle PQR,

d 2

( r sin θ ) = 0
r 2 cos θ = 0
⇒ cos θ = 0
π
θ=
2
π

(
d 2
r cos θ ) =−r 2 sin θ =− r 2 < 0 when θ =
4
⇒ Area is maximum.
PQ = r2 + r2 = 2r QR = r2 + r2 = 2r
MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 8 of 17
Method 3:
Let the length of PQ be x units.
Let A be the area of triangle PQR
1 1
A = ( PQ)(QR) = x 4r 2 − x 2
2 2
dA 1  1  1 1
x   ( 4r 2 − x 2 ) 2 (−2 x) + ( 4r 2 − x 2 ) 2
− 1
=
dx 2  2  2
1 1
− x ( 4r − x ) + ( 4r − x )
1 2 2 −2 1
= 2 2 2 2

2 2
−  1 
1
= ( 4r 2 − x 2 ) 2  − x 2 + ( 4r 2 − x 2 ) 
1
 2 2 
1
= ( 4r 2
−x 2 −2
) ( − x 2 + 2r 2 )
For maximum area of triangle PQR,
dA
=0
dx
1

( 4r 2 − x 2 ) 2 ( − x 2 + 2r 2 ) =

0
1

( 4r 2 − x 2 )

2 =
0 or − x 2 + 2r 2 =
0
(No solution) x = ± 2r
∴ x = 2r

x ( 2r )

( 2r ) ( 2r )
+

dA
dx

## Area is maximised when x = 2r

∴ PQ =2r
QR = 4r 2 − 2r 2 = 2r
(ii) For r = 2, QR = 4sin θ

d ( QR )
= 4 cos θ

dθ dθ d ( QR )
= .
dt d ( QR ) dt
1 1 1
= = .
4 cos θ 5 20 cos θ
π
When θ = ,
3
dθ 1
=
dt 1
20  
2
1
10
MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 9 of 17
Qn Solution
9 Arithmetic and Geometric Progressions
(i)  11 15 
2400   − 1
S15 =  10  
 11 
  −1
 10 
= 76253.96
= 76254 m (to the nearest metre)
(ii) ( 4000 ) + ( n − 1) 800 ≥ 42000
n ≥ 48.5
least n = 49
Or
By GC,
When=n 48, ( 4000 ) + ( n − 1) 800
= 41600 < 42000
n 49, ( 4000 ) + ( n − 1) 800
When= = 42400 > 42000
∴ least n = 49
(iii) Total distance covered by runner B in 3 days
3
=  2 ( 4000 ) + ( 2 )( 800 ) 
2
= 14400

2400  r 3 − 1
14400 =
r −1
6 ( r − 1) = r − 1
3

r 3 − 6r + 5 =0
By GC,
r = −2.7913 (rej.  distance covered cannot be negative)
=
or r 1 (rej. r ≠ 1)
or r = 1.7913
x% (1.7913 − 1) ×100%
=
= 79.13%
≈ 79.1%
x = 79.1

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 10 of 17
Qn Solution
10 Differential Equations
(a) y= xz − − − −(1)
dy dz
= x + z − − − −(2)
dx dx
Sub (1) and (2) into D.E.:
 dz y y  x
2

( )  dx x x  xz ( e x − 1)
e x
+ 1 x + − =

 dz  ( e − 1)
x

( e + 1)  dx  =
x

z
dz e x − 1
z =
dx e x + 1
ex −1
∫ z d z = ∫ e x + 1 dx
Method 1:
 2x  2x − 
x

 
e e − e 2

  
∫ z dz = ∫  x  x − x  dx
 e  e + e 
2 2 2

  
 2 −2 
x x

e −e 
 
∫ z dz = ∫  x − x  dx
e + e 
2 2

 
x x
z2 −
= 2 ln e 2 + e 2 + C , where C is an arbitrary constant.
2
 2x − 
2
 y
x
=
   +  + D, where D =
2
4 ln e e 2C
x  
 2x − 
x
=
y 4 x ln  e + e  + Dx 2
2 2 2

 

Method 2:
 ex 1 e− x 
=

z dz  x
 e + 1∫−
e x
+ 1 e −x 
 dx

2  1 e− x 

z
= ln e + 1 + C '−  x
x
−x 
 dx
2  e +1 e 
z2  e− x 
= ln e x + 1 + C '−
2
 ∫ −x 
 1+ e 
 dx

z2  −e − x 
= ln e x + 1 + C '+ 
2 ∫ −x 
 1+ e 
 dx

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 11 of 17
z2
= ln e x + 1 + ln 1 + e− x + C , where C is an arbitrary constant
2
( )
z 2 2 ln e x + 1 + 2 ln 1 + e− x + D=
= (
, D 2C )
2
 y
=
x
( ) ( −x
 2 ln e + 1 + 2 ln 1 + e + D
x
)
=y 2 2 x2 ln ( e + 1) + 2 x ln (1 + e ) + Dx
x 2 −x 2

Method 3:
 2 
∫ z=
dz
∫ 1 − x
 e +1 
 dx

z2  1 
2
=x + C '− 2  x
∫ dx
 e +1 

z2  1 e− x 
2
=x + C '− 2
∫  x
 e +1 e
−x  dx

z2  e− x 
2
=x + C '− 2
∫ 
 1+ e
−x  dx

z2  −e − x 
2
=x + C '+ 2
∫  −x 
 1+ e 
 dx

z2
x 2 ln 1 + e− x + C
=+ , where C is an arbitrary constant
2
( )
z 2 =2 x + 4 ln 1 + e− x + D, D =2C
2
 y −x
( )
  =2 x + 4 ln 1 + e + D
x
y 2 =2 x 3 + 4 x 2 ln (1 + e ) + Dx
−x 2

Method 4:

ex −1
∫ ∫ z dz =
e +1
x
dx Let u e x

 u −1 1 
∫ z dz ∫
du
=
  du ex
 u +1 u  dx
 u −1 

z dz = 
∫  du
 u ( u + 1) 
 2 1
=

z dz  ∫ −  dx
 u +1 u 
z2
= 2 ln u + 1 − ln u + C , where C is an arbitrary constant
2

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 12 of 17
z2
( ) ( )
= 2 ln e x + 1 − ln e x + C
2
=
z2 4 ln ( e + 1) − 2 ln ( e ) + D=
x x
,D 2C
2
 y
=
x
( ) ( )
 4 ln e + 1 − 2 ln e + D
x x

=y 2 4 x2 ln ( e + 1) − 2 x ln ( e ) + Dx
x 2 x 2

(b) dx A x
= −
dt 9 − x 20
When x = 4,
dx
= 0,
dt
A 4
0= −
5 20
A =1
dx x 1
= − +
dt 20 9 − x
dx − x ( 9 − x ) + 20
=
dt 20 ( 9 − x )
dx x 2 − 9 x + 20
=
dt 20 ( 9 − x )
dx ( x − 4 )( x − 5 )
= (shown)
dt 20 ( 9 − x )
dx ( x − 4 )( x − 5 )
=
dt 20 ( 9 − x )
9− x 1
∫ ( x − 4 )( x − 5) dx = ∫ 20 dt
−5 4 t
∫ x − 4 + x − 5 d=x 20
+C'

t
−5ln x − 4 + 4 ln x − 5 = +C'
20
t =−100 ln x − 4 + 80 ln x − 5 + C where C =20C '

=
When t 0,= x 0,
0=−100 ln 4 + 80 ln 5 + C
=C 100 ln 4 − 80 ln 5
t =−100 ln x − 4 + 80 ln x − 5 + 100 ln 4 − 80 ln 5
x−4 x−5
t=
−100 ln + 80 ln
4 5

When x = 2,
t = 28.449
t = 28.4 months (3 s.f.)

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 13 of 17
Qn Solution
11 Complex no. 1-3 (Roots + Loci)
(i) z 5 = 32
= 32e (
i 2 kπ )

1 i2 kπ
z =32 5 e 5
, where k =−2, −1, 0,1, 2
4 2 2 4
− πi − πi πi πi
∴z =2e 5
, 2e 5
, 2, 2e 5
, 2e 5

(iii)
Im
Re ( z ) = 1

2
πi
z1 = 2e 5
4
πi
z2 = 2e 5

5 z5 = 2
Re

2
Locus of
4
− πi z =2
z3 = 2e 5
2
− πi
z4 = 2e 5

## There are 4 points within the region given.

(iii)
Im

Locus of
z − z1 = z − z2
2
z πi
z1 = 2e 5
4
πi
z2 = 2e 5

z5 = 2
5 Re

2
Locus of
4
− πi z =2
z3 = 2e 5

2
− πi
z4 = 2e 5

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 14 of 17
Method 1:
1  2π  2π 3π 2π
Since the argument of=
z  + = or − ,
2 5  5 5 5
3 2
πi − πi
z = 2e 5 or z = 2e 5
= −0.62 + 1.90i = 0.62 − 1.90i

Method 2:
Equation of circle centred 0+0i and radius 2: x 2 + y 2 =
22

Gradient of the perpendicular bisector = tan = −3.077683
5
Equation of perpendicular bisector that passes through the Origin:
y = −3.077683 x
x 2 + ( −3.077683 x ) =4
2

x 2 = 0.381966
x= −0.618034 or x =0.618034
y = 1.9021127 or y = −1.9021127
∴ z =−0.62 + 1.90i or z =0.62 − 1.90i
(iv) Method 1:
( w − 2) + 2 ( w − 2 ) + 4 ( w − 2 ) + 8 ( w − 2 ) + 16 =
4 3 2
0
  w − 2 5 
16 1 −   
  2   = 0
w−2
1−
2
 w−2
5

1−   = 0 ,w ≠ 4
 2 
( w − 2) =25 =32
5

## ∴ replace z by w − 2 in previous answer (excluding z =

2 since w ≠ 4)
4 2 2 4
− πi − πi πi πi
w−2 =2e 5
, 2e 5
, 2e 5 , 2e 5
4 2 2 4
− πi − πi πi πi
w=
2 + 2e 5
, 2 + 2e 5
, 2 + 2e 5 , 2 + 2e 5

Method 2:
z 5 − 32 = ( z − 2 ) ( z 4 + 2 z 3 + 4 z 2 + 8 z + 16 )
For ( w − 2 ) + 2 ( w − 2 ) + 4 ( w − 2 ) + 8 ( w − 2 ) + 16 =
4 3 2
0
∴ replace z by w - 2 in previous answer (excluding z =
2),
4 2 2 4
− πi − πi πi πi
w−2 =2e 5
, 2e 5
, 2e 5 , 2e 5
4 2 2 4
− πi − πi πi πi
w= 2 + 2e 5 , 2 + 2e 5 , 2 + 2e 5 , 2 + 2e 5
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 15 of 17
pπ i
 
⇒ w =2 1 + e 5  ,where p =−4, −2, 2, 4
 
pπ i
 − pπ i pπ i

=w 2e 10  e 10 + e 10 
 
pπ i
  pπ  
= 2e 10
 2 cos  10  
  
pπ i
 pπ  10
=4 cos   e ,where p =−4, −2, 2, 4
 10 

Qn Solution
12 Curve Sketching + Transformations + Integration
a(i) Method 1
1. Translation of 1 unit in the direction of x–axis.
1
2. Scaling parallel to the x–axis by factor .
2
1
3. Scaling parallel to the y-axis by factor .
2

Method 2
1
1. Scaling parallel to the y-axis by factor .
2
1
2. Scaling parallel to the x-axis by factor
2
1
3. Translation of unit in the direction of x–axis.
2
(ii) −0.5 2 x + 1
Area = ∫ dx
−1 x2 + 4
−0.5  2 x + 1 
= ∫ − 2  dx
−1
 x +4
−0.5  2 x 1 
∫−1 −  x 2 + 4 + x 2 + 4  dx
=
−0.5
 1  x 
=− ln x 2 + 4 + tan −1   
 2  2   −1

  1  1  −0.5    1 −1  −1   
=−  ln  + 4  + tan −1    − ln (1 + 4 ) + tan    
  4  2  2   2  2  
 17  1 1 1 1
=− ln   + tan −1   + ln ( 5 ) − tan −1  
 4 2 4 2 2
 17  1 1 1 1
=ln ( 5 ) − ln   + tan −1   − tan −1  
 4 2 4 2 2
 20  1  1  1 
ln   +  tan −1   − tan −1   
=
 17  2  4  2 

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 16 of 17
(b) (i)
y
y =− x + b + 2 y = x+b+2

8.5
( −2, 0.5)
( 2, 0.5)
O x

x = −a x=a

dy
(ii) y 2 =
dx y

x
−1 O 2

x=a

MJC/2012 JC2 Preliminary Exam Suggested Solutions/H2 Math (9740)/Paper 1/Math Dept Page 17 of 17