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GROUP 1

JUDICIAL REVIEW CASES

Theory and Justification:

1. Angara Vs. Electoral Commission, 63 Phil. 139 (1936)

Constitutional Basis:

2. Ynot Vs. IAC, 148 SCRA 659 (1987)

Requisites of Judicial Review:

A. Actual Case or Controversy

3. PACU Vs. Secretary of Education, 97 Phil. 806 (1955)

4. Fernandez Vs. Torres, 215 SCRA 489 (1992)

5. Macasiano Vs. NHA, 224 SCRA 236 (1993)

*The case must be ripe for judicial determination:

6. Mariano Vs. Comelec, G. R. No. 119694 (March 7, 1995)

7. Cutaran Vs. DENR, G. R. No. 134958 (January 31, 2001)

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GROUP 2

*Request for advisory opinion is not allowed:

8. Dumlao Vs. Comelec, 95 SCRA 392 (1980)

*Political questions outside the scope of Judicial Review:

9. Garcia Vs. Corona, G. R. No. 132451 (December 17, 1999)

*Moot and Academic:

10. Atlas Fertilizer Vs. Secretary, Dept of Agrarian Reform, G. R. No. 93100 (June 19, 1997)

11. Gonzales Vs. Narvasa, G. R. No. 140835 (August 14, 2000)

12. Lacson Vs. Perez, et. al., G. R. No. 147780 (May 10, 2001)
Exceptions to Mootness:

*Question is capable of repetition and evasive of review:

13. Acop Vs. Guingona, G. R. No. 134855 (July 2, 2002)

*Proper Party:

14. Joya Vs. PCGG, 225 SCRA 586 (1993)

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GROUP 1

15. KMU Labor Center Vs. Garcia, G. R. No. 115381 (December 23, 1994)

16. IBP Vs. Hon Ronaldo Zamora, et. Al., G. R. No. 141284 (August 15, 2000)

*Citizen Standing:

17. Tanada Vs. Tuvera, 136 SCRA 27 (1985)

18. Chavez Vs. PEA & Amari, G. R. No. 133250 (July 9, 2002)

*Taxpayer's Standing:

19. Bugnay Construction and Dev't Corp. Vs. Judge Laron, et. al., G. R. No. 79983 (August 10, 1989)

20. U. S. Vs. Richardson, 418 U. S. 166 (1974)

*Legislative Standing:

21. Ople Vs. Torres, 293 SCRA 141 (1998)

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GROUP 2

22. Agan Jr. et. al. Vs. Phil Int'l Air Terminals Co. Inc. et. al, G. R. No. 155001 (May 5, 2003)

*Paramount Public Interest:

23. Tatad Vs. Secretary of Energy, G. R. No. 124360 (November 5, 1997)

24. Kilosbayan vs. Guingona, 232 SCRA 110

*Facial Challenge:

25. Estrada Vs. Sandiganbayan, G. R. No. 148560 (November 19, 2001)


*Earliest Opportunity:

26. Umali Vs. Guingona, G. R. No. 131124 (March 21, 1999)

*Functions of Judicial Review:

27. Javier Vs. Comelec, 144 SCRA 194 (1986)

*Effect of Declaration of Unconstitutionality:

28. Serrano de Agbayani Vs. PNB, 38 SCRA 429 (1972)

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GROUP 1

JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT CASES

Judicial Power:

1. Miranda Vs. Aguirre, G. R. No. 133064 (September 16, 1999)

2. People Vs. Gacot

*Lower Courts:

3. Sang. Bayan Ng Taguig vs. Judge Estrella, A. M. No. 01-1608-RJT (January 16, 2001)

*Prohibition on Non-Judicial work:

4. Meralco vs. Pasay Transportation Co., 57 Phil. 600 (1932)

5. Garcia Vs. Macaraig, 39 SCRA 106 (1971)

*Salary:

6. Nitafan Vs. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 152 SCRA 284 (1987)

*Removal:

7. In Re Gonzales, A. M. Nos. 88-4-5433 (1988)

*Jurisdiction:

8. Tirol Vs. COA, G. R. No. 133954 (August 3, 2000)

*Original Jurisdiction:

9. People Vs. Ramos, 88 SCRA 466 (1979)


*Appeal:

10. People Vs. Mateo, G. R. No. 147678 (July 7, 2004)

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GROUP 2

*Petition for Review on Certiorari:

11. Felipe Vs. Leuterio, 91 Phil. 482 (1952)

Deliberations in the Supreme Court:

12. Prudential Bank Vs. Castro, 158 SCRA 646 (1988)

13. Consing Vs. Court of Appeals, 177 SCRA 14 (1989)

14. Cruz Vs. Secretary of DENR, G. R. No. 135385 (December 6, 2000)

*Writing of the Decision:

15. People Vs. Bugarin, 273 SCRA 384 (1997)

16. Hernandez Vs. Court of Appeals, 228 SCRA 429 (1993)

17. Nunal Vs. Commission on Audit, 169 SCRA 356 (1989)

18. Yao Vs. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 132428 (October 24, 2000)

19. Dizon Vs. Judge Lopez, A. M. No. RTJ-96-1338 (September 5, 1997)

20. Asiavest Vs. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 110263 (July 20, 2001)

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GROUP 1

*Petition for review and motions for reconsideration:

21. Mendoza Vs. CFI, 51 SCRA 369 (1973)

22. Fr. Martinez Vs. Court of Appeals, G. R. No. 123547 (May 21, 2001)

*Dissenting Votes:

23. Abarquez Vs. Rebosura, Adm. Mater No. MTJ-94-986 (January 28, 1998)

24. Maquiran Vs. Judge Lilia Lopez, A. M. RTJ-00-1606


25. RE: Problem of Delays in Cases before the Sandiganbayan, A. M. No. 00-8-05-SC (November 28, 2001)

*Order a change of venue or place of trial, in order to avoid a miscarriage of justice:

26. People Vs. Pilotin, 65 SCRA 635 (1975)

27. Mondiguing Vs. Abad, 68 SCRA 14 (19751)

28. People Vs. Sola, 103 SCRA 393 (1981)

*Promulgate rules concerning the protection and enforcement of constitutional rights and legal
assistance to the underprivileged:

29. SB Crim. Case No. 26558 and related cases, A. M. No. 02-1-09-SC (January 21, 2002)

*Promulgate rules concerning pleading, practice, and procedure in all courts:

30. Land Bank Vs. De Leon, G. R. Nom 143275 (September 10, 2002)

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GROUP 2

*Admission to the practice of law:

31. In Re: Cunanan, 94 Phil. 534 (1954)

32. Zaldivar Vs. Gonzales

33. Aguirre Vs. Rana, Bar Mater No. 1036 (June 10, 2003)

*The Integration of the Bar:

34. In Re: Edillon, 84 SCRA 554 (1978)

35. In Re: IBP Elections, Bar Mater No. 491 (October 6, 1989)

Administrative Functions:

*Supervision of lower courts:

36. Maceda vs. Vasquez, 221 SCRA 464 (1993)

37. Judge Jose Caoibes Vs. Ombudsman, G. R. No. 132177 (July 19, 2001)

*Discipline of lower court judges:

38. In Re: Demetrio Demetria, A. M. No. 00-7-09-CA (March 27, 2001)


*Fiscal Autonomy:

39. CSC Vs. DBM, G. R. No. 158791 (July 22, 2005)

*ADDITIONAL CASES (from Atty. Guerrero’s Syllabus)

a. Judicial review

See Sections 1 and 5(2), Article VIII, 1987 Constitution; See also third paragraph, Section 18, Article VII,
1987 Constitution

[40] Province of North Cotabato v. Government of Republic of the Philippines Peace Panel on Ancestral
Domain, GR 183591, 14 October 2008, En Banc, Carpio Morales [J]

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GROUP 1

[41] Imbong v. Ochoa, GR 204819, 8 April 2014, En Banc, Mendoza [J]

[42] Lozano v. Nograles, GR 187883, 16 June 2009, En Banc, Puno [CJ]

[43] Duenas v House of Representative Electoral Tribunal, GR 185401, 21 July 2009, En Banc, Corona [J]

[44] Kalipunan ng Damay ang Mahihirap Inc. v. Robredo, GR 200903, 22 July 2014, En Banc, Brion [J]

[45] Romualdez v. Commission on Elections, GR 167011, 30 April 2008, En Banc, Chico Nazario [J], also 11
December 2008, En Banc Resolution

[46] David v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR 171396, 3 May 2006, En Banc, Sandoval-Gutierrez [J]

[47] Association of Flood Victims v. Commission on Elections, GR 203775, 5 August 2014, En Banc, Carpio
[ActingCJ]

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GROUP 2

[48] Resident Marine Mammals of the Protected Seascape Tanon Strait v. Reyes, GR 180771, 21 April
2015, En Banc, Leonardo-De Castro [J]

[49] Pormento v. Estrada, GR 191988, 31 August 2010, En Banc Resolution, Corona [CJ]

[50] Garcia v. Judge Drilon, GR 179267, 25 June 2013, En Banc, Perlas Bernabe [J]

[51] Social Justice Society (SJS) Officers v. Lim, GR 187836, 10 March 2015, En Banc Resolution, Perez [J]

[52] Republic of the Philippines v. Court of Appeals, GR 79732, 8 November 1993, Third Division, Vitug[J]
b. Adjudication (rel. jurisdiction, Court administration)

See Sections 1, 2, and 5(1)(2), Article VIII, 1987 Constitution ; Also Section 5(3)(4), Article VIII, 1987
Constitution

(1) Decisions

See Sections 13, 14, and 15, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

[53] RE Problem of Delays in Cases before the Sandiganbayan, AM 00-8-05-SC, 28 November 2001, En
Banc, Pardo [J]

[54] RE Leters of Aty. Mendoza Regarding GR 178083 FASAP v PAL, AM 11-10-1-SC, En Banc, 13 March
2012, En Banc Resolution, Brion [J], also Dissenting Opinion, Sereno [J].

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GROUP 1

c. Rule-making

See Section 5(5), Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

[55] Baguio Market Vendors Multi-Purpose Cooperative v. Judge Cabato-Cortes, GR 165922, 26 February
2010, Second Division, Carpio [J]

[56] In RE Exemption of the NAPOCOR from Payment of Filing/Docket Fees, AM 05-10-20-SC, 10 March
2010, En Banc Resolution, Mendoza [J]

d. Judicial and Bar Council

See Section 8, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

[57] De Castro v. Judicial and Bar Council, GR 191002, 20 April 2010, En Banc, Bersamin [J]

[58] Chavez v. Judicial and Bar Council, GR 202242, 17 July 2012, En Banc, Mendoza [J], supra.;

[59] Jardaleza v. CJ Sereno, GR 213181, 19 August 2014, En Banc, Mendoza [J]

[60] Aguinaldo v. Aquino, GR 224302, 29 November 2016, En Banc, Leonardo-De Castro [J], Aguinaldo v.
Aquino, GR 224302, 21 February 2017, En Banc Resolution, Leonardo-De Castro [J]

e. PET

See last paragraph, Section 4, Article VII, 1987 Constitution

[61] Makalintal v. Presidential Electoral Tribunal, GR 191618, 23 November 2010, En Banc, Nachura [J]

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GROUP 2

[62] Poe-Llamanzares v. Commission on Elections, GR 221697, 8 March 2016, En Banc, Perez [J], supra.

f. Appointment and supervision of judicial personnel

See Sections 5(6) and 6, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

[63] RE Request for Guidance/Clarification on Section 7, Rule III of RA 10154, AM 13-09-08-SC, 1 October
2013, En Banc Resolution, Perlas Bernabe [J]

g. Others

2. Fiscal autonomy

See Section 3, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

[64] RE Commission on Audit Opinion on the Computation of the Appraised Value of the Properties
Purchased by the Retired Chief/Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, AM 11-7-10-SC, 31 July 2012, En
Banc, Per Curiam

[65] In RE Save the SC Judicial Independence and Fiscal Autonomy Movement v. Abolition of JDF and
Reduction of Fiscal Autonomy, UDK-15143, 21 January 2015, En Banc, Leonen [J]

3. Organization

a. Composition and mode of sitting

See Section 4, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

b. Justices and judges

(1) Qualifications

See Sections 7 and 11, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

(a) Lower courts

[66] Villanueva v. Judicial and Bar Council, GR 211833, 7 April 2015, En Banc, Reyes [J]

[67] Sison-Barias v. Judge Rubia, AM RTJ-14-4388, 10 June 2014, En Banc, Per Curiam

[68] In RE Leter of Judge Diaz, AM 07-7-17-SC, 19 September 2007, En Banc Resolution, Corona [J]

(2) Appointment

See Section 9, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

[69] De Castro v. Judicial and Bar Council, GR 191002, 20 April 2010, En Banc, Bersamin [J], supra.
(3) Prohibitions

See Section 12, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution; Relate to Section 17, Article VI, 1987 Constitution

(4) Salaries and emoluments

See Section 10, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution

4. Reports

See Section 16, Article VIII, 1987 Constitution