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PROJECT PROPOSAL GUIDE

Introduction
Project is a compulsory part of the program structure in the Bachelor in Computer
Science and Bachelor in Information and Communication Technology. It builds on the
skills and knowledge learned in the first two and half years; to enable students to use
these to demonstrate competence in the theory and practice of computer science, and
information and communication technology.

Aims of Project

The main aims of this project are:


1. To provide students with a realistic group experience in designing, implementing
and documenting computer, multimedia, and graphics products in the form of
applications, systems, design, etc. based on the needs of clients/stakeholders.
2. To let students apply their knowledge and skills in handling tasks with appropriate
tools.
3. To provide a learning environment for students to independently manage their
projects under supervision.
4. To build students’ ability to present and rationalize their work with confidence and
logics.
5. To enable the students to delegate tasks and work as a team, and manage their
project time and budget accordingly.

General proposal format:

1. Paper
Size : A4
Type : 80 gm papers
Color : White

2. Type Face
Font : Arial, or Times New Roman
Size : 12 pt
Title Font : Capital Letter
Spacing : Double spacing

3. Page Numbering and Layout:


Follow the given guideline of “PROJECT COMPREHENSIVE GUIDELINE.”

4. Page Setup:
Left margin: 1.5 inch
Top, Bottom, Right margins: 1 inch

5. Binding
Black comb binding (Refer to the given cover template in Appendix A).

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Proposal Report Content:

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Refer to Appendix B)

1.0 INTRODUCTION
Project Background
Problem Identification
Objective(s) of the Project
Research Questions (Optional)
Hypothesis/Hypotheses (optional)
Definition of Terms (optional)
Significance of the Project
Scope of the Project
Assumption(s) and Limitation(s)

2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW


Review of Current Situation
Review of Related Literature
Review of Related Products

3.0 RESEARCH DESIGN & METHODOLOGY


Research/Project Methodology
Development Methodology
Tools and Hardware
Project Schedule
Project Organization (Only applicable to projects with 2-3 team members only)

4.0 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION


Summary
Conclusion

BIBLIOGRAPHY (Refer Appendix C for the APA referencing format)


APPENDICES (if any)
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C

#Note: Please complete the form in Appendix C (1 copy) and submit the form together
with the proposal and it should be bound with the proposal and the other attached with
the proposal.

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Details of Chapters

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

The purpose of this chapter is to state the research problems/issues/ hypotheses that
will be examined in the project paper. This should provide the background of the study
and indicate to the reader in general terms what the research intends to study.

i. Background of the Project – This section briefly introduces the field of the
project that is undertaken. This includes background of the organization, the
current situation, the current technology in the field, etc.
ii. Problem Statement – This section should inform the reader with the problem
to be dealt with, by establishing a frame of reference for the problem. This
section should identify the problems encountered so that the project will have a
basis to work on in solving the problems.
iii. Objective(s) of the Project, Research Questions and/or Hypotheses – This
section should describe in detail, the research objectives, research questions,
and/or hypotheses of the research.
iv. Scope of the Project – This section should state the scope to be covered for
the project.
v. Significance of the Project – This section should state the contribution of the
research to theory, practice and policy.
vi. Limitations of the Project – This section should discuss the
limitations/constraints of the study.
vii. Definition of Terms. This section provides operational definitions of all
principal variables in the study.
viii. Significance of the Project. This section should state the contribution of the
research to theory, practice and policy.
ix. Scope of the Project. This section should state the scope to be covered for
the project.
x. Assumption(s) and Limitation(s). This section let the researcher sets any
assumption that might influence the result of the research. This section should
discuss the limitations/constraints of the study.

CHAPTER II: LITERATURE REVIEW

The main purpose of the literature review chapter is to expand upon the context and
background of the study, to further define the problem, and to provide empirical and
theoretical bases for the research. This chapter can be divided into three main sections:

i. Review of Current Situation


This section can be subdivided into subsections. The researcher will provide a
complete review of current situation, which can be the current processes,
problems faced, and any other issues related to the research.

ii. Review of Related Literature


This section can be subdivided into subsections. In this section, the researcher
will do a thorough review of related researches that were carried out and formally
published. The source of literature can be from journals, white papers, working
papers, reports, books, news releases, magazines, and any other academic

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papers. All citations, including ideas, work, results, data, etc from these
resources must be properly acknowledged in a detailed reference/bibliography
(Refer Appendix C).

iii. Review of Related Products


This section can be divided into subsections. The researcher will conduct a
review on any product similar or related to the project. This section will give a
thorough description of the product(s) and the source of the information must be
properly stated in the reference/bibliography.

CHAPTER III: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY

The research design and methodology chapter describes the approach and
methodology used. This section consists of the introduction, the research approach, the
workflow model, the algorithm, the research model (if any), the methods of data
collection, the analysis of research data.

i. Research/Project Methodology
This section provides the detailed explanation/description of any research such
as survey, interview, observation, experiment, testing, etc that will be carried out
before and/or after the research/product development.

ii. Development Methodology


The researcher should propose a suitable methodology that will be used for the
research/product development.

iii. Tools and Hardware


This section will cover the details of tools and hardware that will be used
throughout the period of the research. The tools can include questionnaires,
interview questions, software, etc, while the hardware will be confined to the
tangible equipments used for the experiment, development, testing, etc.

iv. Project Schedule


This section shows the proposed detailed planning of the tasks that will be
carried out from the inception of the research until the end of the research. A
proper graphical representation of the project schedule should be provided in the
form of Gantt chart, PERT chart, or any other standard representations.

v. Project Organization (only for projects with 2-3 team members)


This section will show the proposed project management team and the proper
tasks delegation for each team member based on the proposed job scope.

CHAPTER IV: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

This chapter will provide the summary of the proposed project and a concluding text to
wrap up the proposal.

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Appendix A
Proposal Cover

PROPOSAL

PROPOSED TITLE IN BLOCK LETTERS

NAME

BACHELOR IN COMPUTER SCIENCE/BACHELOR IN INFORMATION AND


COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
MANAGENT & SCIENCE UNIVERSITY

For office use only (Leave this blank)

Approved Rejected

Approved with changes

Comments:

Evaluated by:

Name:

Date:
Appendix B
Sample Table of Contents

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

CHAPTER
I INTRODUCTION 1
Project Background 1
Problem Identification 2
Objectives of the Project 3
Significance of the Project 5
Scope of the Project 6
Assumptions and Limitations 7

II LITERATURE REVIEW 8
Review of Current Situation 8
Current Timetabling Setting Process 8
Flow of Timetabling Endorsement 15
Review of Related Literature 19
Use of Fuzzy Logic for Timetabling 23
Genetic Algorithm in Solving Complex Applications 27
General Rules in Setting Timetable 32
Review of Related Products 34
ACME Timetable Application 34
ProTime Timetabling System 36
Summary by Comparison 38

III RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY 39


Project Methodology 39
Research Methodology 40
Survey 40
Interview 42
Tools and Hardware 43
Software 43
Hardware 44
Project Schedule 45
Project Organization 47

IV SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION 48


Summary 48
Conclusion 49

Bibliography 50
Appendix A: Project Schedule Chart 52
Appendix B: Sample Forms Used for Timetabling 54

Appendix C
Sample of APA Bibliographic Style

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American Psychological Association (APA)
(from the 3rd edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological
Association, 1983; often used in the social sciences and education.)

Brown, M. W. (1982). This is the title of a book (2nd ed.). City: Publisher.

Chin, Y. (1988). This is the title of a part of a book. In A. R. Finley, S. R. Taft, & M. N.
Piper (Eds.), This is the book title. (pp. 25-37). City: Publisher.

Clark, B. W. (1988). This is the title of a paper appearing in a published proceedings. In


A. B. Cook (Ed.), Proceedings of the 100th Annual Meeting of the Society of
Experimental Results (pp. 49-78). City: Publisher.

Fourney, T. T., & Heller, R. N. (January, 1991). This is the title of an unpublished paper
presented at a meeting. Paper presented at the 103rd annual meeting of the Society
of Experimental Results, City of Meeting, ST.

Goff, A. M. (1987). This is the title of a journal article. Journal of Experimental


Results,.1(3), 1-22.

Green, M. (1988, January). This is the title of a magazine article. Magazine of Today,
pp. 6-12.

Johnson, R. S. (1989, October 1). This is the title of a newspaper article. The Daily
News, pp. 1, 6-8.

Jones, M. J., & Smith, A. R. (1990). This is the title of a report (Report No. 901428).
City: Publisher.

Miller, G. M. (1988). This is the title of a master's project. Unpublished master's


project, Name of the University, City, ST.

Simmons, M.T. (1987) This is the title of a doctoral dissertation (Doctoral dissertation,
Name of the University, 1986). Dissertation Abstracts International, 47, 1202

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