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P R OT E C T I O N

MiCOM P14x
Feeder Management
Relays

MiCOM P14x feeder management relays provide an


integrated solution for the complete protection,
control and monitoring of overhead lines and
underground cables from distribution to transmission
voltage levels.

The wide range of auxiliary functions provides the


P141, P142 user with sufficient information to efficiently maintain
the power system and its components including
circuit breakers, CTs, VTs, etc.

A customizable, friendly, multi-lingual user interface


and programmable graphical scheme logic allows for
simple and flexible applications on any network.

Connecting the relay to virtually any kind of Digital


Control System or SCADA is made possible by the
wide range of updated communication protocol and
interface choices provided.

Customer Benefits
• 1A & 5A in same relay
• Wide auxiliary supply
voltage range
• Option of multiple
communication protocol
and interface
• User customisable
menu text

AREVA T&D
APPLICATION

The MiCOM P14x range is suitable for all applications


where overcurrent protection is required. It is suitable for
solidly earthed, impedance earthed, Petersen coil
earthed and isolated systems.
P141
M
First application shows a parallel transformer protection 51P 64N
51N 27
where the P141 replaces many of the discrete 67P 47
protection elements normally associated with the LV 67N 50BF

side of the transformer. The protection includes non-


Figure 2a: Typical parallel transformer application
directional and directional phase overcurrent and earth
fault, restricted earth fault and circuit breaker failure
protection. The second application shows a P143
protecting a plain feeder using phase overcurrent,
sensitive earth fault, negative sequence overcurrent,
P143
thermal protection and breaker failure protection. The
51P 50BF
integral autorecloser with check synchronising can be 51N BC
49 79
configured to grade with downstream reclosers. 46 25

Typical applications of P14x

PROTECTION FUNCTIONS OVERVIEW P141 P142 P143

50/51/67 Directional / non-directional, instantaneous / • • •


time delayed phase overcurrent (4 stage)
50N/51N/67N Directional / non-directional, instantaneous / • • •
time delayed, measured earth fault (4 stage)
50N/51N/67N Directional / non-directional, instantaneous / • • •
time delayed, calculated earth fault (4 stage)
67N Sensitive directional earthfault (SEF/ I Cosφ I Sinφ) • • •
(4 stage)
67W Wattmetric earthfault • • •
YN Neutral admittance protection • • •
64 Restricted earthfault • • •
Blocked overcurrent • • •
Selective overcurrent • • •
Cold load pick-up • • •
51V Voltage controlled overcurrent • • •
46 Directional / non-directional • • •
negative sequence overcurrent
49 RMS thermal overload (single / dual time constant) • • •
37P / 37N Phase and neutral undercurrent • • •
27 Under voltage (2 stage) • • •
59 Over voltage (2 stage) • • •
59N Residual over voltage (Neutral displacement) (2 stage) • • •
47 Negative sequence overvoltage • • •
81U Under frequency (4 stage) • • •
81O Over frequency (2 stage) • • •
81R Rate of Change of Frequency Protection (4 stage) • • •
BC Broken conductor (open jumper) • • •
50BF Circuit breaker failure • • •
VTS Voltage transformer supervision • • •
(1, 2 & 3 phase fuse failure detection)
CTS Current transformer supervision • • •
49SR Silicon rectifier overload protection • • •
79 4 shot three pole auto reclose - • •
25 Check synchronising - - •
Digital inputs (maximum) * 8 16 32
Output relays (maximum) * 7 15 30
Front communication port (RS232) • • •
Rear communication port (RS485/Optic/Ethernet) * • • •
Second rear communication port (RS232/RS485) * Option Option Option
Time synchronisation port (IRIG-B) * Option Option Option

* It may not be possible to get all in one particular model, refer data sheet for model selection

2>3
MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS > Programmable allocation of digital inputs and
outputs
In addition to the wide range of protection functions > Sequence of event recording
listed in the table, all relays in the P14x range are > Comprehensive disturbance recording (waveform
provided with the following measurement, control, capture)
monitoring, post fault analysis and self-diagnostic > User configurable LEDs
functions. > Local and remote communication ports
> Multiple communication protocol and interface
> Measurement of all instantaneous & integrated options
values > Time synchronisation
> Circuit breaker control, status & condition > Fully customisable menu texts
monitoring. > Multi level password protection
> Trip circuit and coil supervision > Power-up diagnostics and continuous self-
> 4 alternative setting groups monitoring of relay.
> Control inputs > User friendly setting and analysis software
> Fault locator
> Programmable scheme logic

FUNCTIONAL OVERVIEW

2nd Remote Remote Local Fault records Disturbance


comm. port comm. port Communication Record
Measurements
Self monitoring

X 50/51
50N/ 67/ 67N/67W 51V 46 49
37P/
YN 49SR CTS
Vref 51N 67N /64 37N

IE sen

27/ 81U/81O LEDs


59N 47 50BF VTS 79 25 PSL
59 /81R

Y Binary
Input / output
always available
optional
Feeder management P14x

(Description of ANSI code nos.


see Protection Function Overview)

Your search for a single box


feeder management relay
ends with MiCOM P14x
PHASE OVERCURRENT SENSITIVE EARTH FAULT

Four independent stages are available for each A core balance CT should be used to drive the
phase overcurrent element. Each stage may be sensitive earth fault function. The directionality of the
selected as non-directional or directional sensitive earth fault element is provided by the residual
(forward/reverse). All stages have definite time delayed voltage.
characteristics, two of the stages may also be
independently set to one of WATTMETRIC
ten IDMT curves (IEC and IEEE).
As an alternative to the directional earthfault
The IDMT stages have a programmable reset timer for characteristic a directional I cos φ characteristic can be
grading electro-mechanical, to reduce autoreclose used for Petersen coil earth fault protection using the
dead times and to reduce clearance times where sensitive earth fault input. A directional Isin φ
intermittent faults occur. characteristic is also available for protection of
insulated feeders.
The phase fault directional elements are internally
polarised by quadrature phase-phase voltages, and will
make a correct directional decision down to:
BLOCKED OVER CURRENT
0.5V (Vn = 100 - 120V) or
Each stage of overcurrent and earth fault protection
2.0V (Vn = 380 - 480V).
can be blocked by an optically isolated input. This
A synchronous polarising signal is maintained for 3.2s
enables overcurrent and earth fault protection to
after voltage collapse to ensure that the instantaneous
integrate into a
and time delayed overcurrent elements operate
blocked overcurrent busbar protection scheme.
correctly for close-up three phase faults.

STANDARD EARTH FAULT COLD LOAD PICK-UP LOGIC

Cold load pick-up temporarily raises the overcurrent


There are two standard earth fault elements, each with
settings following closure of the circuit breaker,
four independent stages.
allowing the protection settings to be set closer to
> The first element operates from measured the load profile.
quantities:
> Earth fault current which is directly measured using RESTRICTED EARTH FAULT
a separate CT, or
> Residual connection of the three line CTs The restricted earth fault protection provided for
> The second standard earth fault element operates protection of transformer winding against earth faults
from a residual current that is derived internally may be configured as either high impedance or low
from the summation of the three phase currents. impedance biased differential.

All earth fault elements have the same directionality


and IDMT characteristics as the phase overcurrent
element. Both earth fault elements may be enabled
at the same time providing directional earth fault Choice of IDMT characteristics
protection and back-up standby earth fault protection in
the same device. The directionality of the earth fault IEC/UK curves IEEE/US curves

elements is provided by either residual voltage or TMS = 1 TD = 7

1000 100
negative sequence voltage.

100
Operating

10
REF biased differential characteristics
time (s)

Operating
time (s)

10

UK LTI

IEC SI 1
I DIFF 1
IEEE MI

Operate RECT
IEEE VI

K1 0% to 20% IEC VI US CO2

IEC EI US CO8
K2 K2 0% to 150% 0.1 0.1
IEEE EI
1 10 100 1 10 100

I s1 0.08 to 1. 0I n Current (Multiples of Is) Current (Multiples of Is)

Restrain I s2 0.10 to 1. 5I n
K1
I s1
I s2 I BIAS

Features carefully designed


4>5
to protect any type of system
VOLTAGE CONTROLLED FREQUENCY
OVERCURRENT
Two independent definite time stages of
Voltage controlled overcurrent provides back-up over frequency and four of under frequency are
protection for remote phase faults whilst remaining provided. The time delayed rate of change of
insensitive to load. frequency element provided, can be used to accelerate
load shedding during severe system disturbances.
NEGATIVE SEQUENCE OVER-
CURRENT BROKEN CONDUCTOR

Negative sequence overcurrent protection can be set as The broken conductor protection detects unbalanced
either non-directional or directional (forward/reverse), conditions caused by broken conductors, maloperation
and can operate for remote phase-phase and phase of single phase of switchgear or by single phasing
earth faults even with delta-star transformers conditions. It operates on the ratio of I2 to I1.
present.
VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER
RMS THERMAL OVERLOAD SUPERVISION

Thermal overload protection provides both alarm and Voltage transformer supervision is provided to detect
trip stages. The thermal element may be set with either loss of one, two or three VT signals, providing indication
a single time constant characteristic for the protection of and inhibition of voltage dependent protection elements.
cables or dry transformers, or a dual time constant An optically isolated input may also be configured to
characteristic to protect oil filled transformers. In the initiate the voltage transformer supervision alarm and
event of loss of auxiliary supply, the thermal state is blocking when used with MCBs or other external forms
stored in non-volatile memory. of voltage transformer supervision.

UNDER/OVERVOLTAGE CURRENT TRANSFORMER


SUPERVISION
Under/over voltage protection may be configured to
operate from either phase-phase or phase-neutral Current transformer supervision is provided to detect
quantities. Two independent stages with definite time loss of phase CT signals and inhibit the operation of
elements are available, one of the stages can also be current dependent protection elements.
configured to an inverse characteristic.
PROGRAMMABLE SCHEME
RESIDUAL OVERVOLTAGE LOGIC

Residual overvoltage protection is available for Programmable scheme logic allows the user to
detecting earth faults in high impedance earthed or customize the protection and control functions. It is also
isolated systems. The neutral voltage is derived from used to programme the functionality of the optically
the three phase voltage inputs. Two independent isolated inputs, relay outputs and LED indications. The
measuring elements with definite time characteristics programmable scheme logic comprises of gate logic
are available, one of the elements can also be and general purpose timers. The gate logic includes
configured to have an inverse characteristic. OR, AND and majority gate functions, with the ability to
invert the inputs and outputs, and provide feedback. The
programmable scheme logic is configured using the
graphical MiCOM S1 PC based support software.

Programmable scheme logic editor (MiCOM S1)


CIRCUIT BREAKER FAILURE MEASUREMENTS
PROTECTION
The measurements provided, which may be viewed in
Two stage circuit breaker failure protection may be used primary or secondary values, can be accessed by the
for tripping upstream circuit breakers and re-tripping of back-lit liquid crystal display, or the communications
the local circuit breaker if required. The circuit breaker ports. A wide range of instantaneous and integrated
failure logic may also be initiated externally from other parameters are available. The list includes measured
protection devices if required. signals like phase currents and voltages and computed
signals like Power, frequency, energy, etc. Phase
currents and phase to neutral voltages are available in
CIRCUIT BREAKER CONTROL
true rms and fundamental quantities. Phase notation is
Circuit breaker control is available from the front panel user definable using the MiCOM S1 text editor.
user interface, optically isolated inputs and remotely via
the substation communications. FAULT LOCATION

A fault location algorithm provides distance to fault in


AUTORECLOSE WITH CHECK
miles, kilometres, ohms or percentage of line length
SYNCHRONISING

The P142 and P143 provide three-pole multi-shot EVENT RECORDS


autoreclose. The user may select a single, two, three or
four shot autoreclose cycle, with independently settable Up to 512 time-tagged event records are stored in
dead times and reclaim time. Autoreclose can be battery backed memory, and can be extracted using the
initiated from the internal protection elements or from communication ports or viewed on the front panel
external protection via an opto input. Advanced display.
features include live line working and sequence co-
ordination (co-ordination with downstream reclosing DISTURBANCE RECORDS
equipment). The P143 also includes check
synchronisation. The internal disturbance recorder has 8 analogue
channels, 32 digital and 1 time channel.
MEASUREMENT AND Approximately 50 records of 0.5 s duration can be
stored. All channels and the trigger source are user
RECORDING FACILITIES
configurable. Disturbance records can be extracted from
The P14x series is capable of measuring and storing the relay via the remote communications and saved in
the values of a wide range of quantities. All events, fault the COMTRADE format. These records may be
and disturbance records are time tagged to a examined using MiCOM S1 or any suitable software
resolution of 1ms using an internal real time clock. An program.
optional IRIG-B port is also provided for accurate time
synchronization. A lithium battery provides backup for TRIP CIRCUIT SUPERVISION
the real time clock and all records in the event of
auxiliary supply failure. This battery is supervised and Supervision of the trip circuit in both circuit breaker
easily replaced from the front of the relay. open and closed states can be realised using the
optically isolated inputs and programmable scheme
logic.

Disturbance record
viewed in
MiCOM S1

6>7
FAULT RECORDS SECOND REAR
COMMUNICATION PORT
Records of the last 5 faults are stored in battery
backed memory. The information provided in the fault An optional second rear courier port is available which
record includes: may be configured as RS232, RS485 or K-Bus.
> Indication of faulted phase
> Protection operation DIAGNOSTICS
> Active setting group
> Date and time Automatic tests performed including power-on
> Fault location diagnostics and continuous self-monitoring ensure a
high degree of reliability. The results of the self-test
> Relay and CB operating time
functions are stored in battery backed memory. Test
> Currents, voltages and frequency
features available on the user interface provide
examination of input quantities, states of the digital
CIRCUIT BREAKER CONDITION inputs and relay outputs. A local monitor port provides
digital outputs, selected from a prescribed list of
MONITORING
signals, including the status of protection elements.
These test signals can also be viewed using the
The circuit breaker condition monitoring features
communication ports and front panel user interface.
include:

> Monitoring the number of breaker trip operations


HARDWARE
> Recording the sum of the broken current quantity
ΣIx, 1,0 ≤ x ≤ 2,0
All models within the MiCOM P14x series include:
> Monitoring the breaker operating time
> Fault frequency counter
> A back-lit liquid crystal display
> 12 LEDs (8 programmable)
LOCAL AND REMOTE > An optional IRIG-B port
COMMUNICATIONS > An RS232 port & an RS485 port
> An optional RS232/RS485/K-Bus port
Two communication ports are available as standard; a > An optional ethernet port for UCA2 protocol
rear port providing remote communications and a front > A download/monitor port
port providing local communications. > A battery (supervised)
> N/O and N/C watchdog contacts
The front RS232 port has been designed for use with > Supervised +48V field voltage
MiCOM S1, which fully supports functions within the
> 1A/5A dual rated CTs
relay by providing the ability to programme the settings
off-line, configure the programmable scheme logic,
Expansion cards are available to increase the number
extract and view event, disturbance and fault records,
of digital inputs and outputs for the P142 and P143
view the measurement information dynamically and
perform control functions.
The optically isolated inputs are independent and may
be powered from the +48V field voltage. The relay
The default remote communications are based on outputs may be configured as latching or self reset.
RS485 voltage levels. Any of the protocols listed below All CT connections have integral shorting.
can be chosen at the time of ordering.

> Courier / K-bus


> Modbus
> IEC60870-5-103 (optic interface also available)
> DNP 3.0
> UCA2 (over ethernet)

Information Interfaces
COMM1
SCADA / substation control interface
Different communication
HMI interfaces of P14x
Full access to all
settings, signals and
measurands

MODEM MODEM
COMM2
Remote access by protection engineer

PC
Local access by
protection engineer

P14x provides up-to-date


versatile communication options.
AREVA DEVICE TRACK RECORD
>> KCGG/KCEG - First numerical overcurrent relay launched 1993
and sold over 20 000 units..
>> MODN launched in 1998 with over 2000 units delivered

>> P14x MiCOM series introduced in 1999.


Worldwide application, with over 10000 units delivered.
>> Introduction of phase II hardware of MiCOM P14x in 2002.

>> Addition of UCA2 protocol and ethernet port in 2004

MiCOM is a registered trademark of AREVA. All trade names or trademarks mentioned herein whether registered or not, are the property of their owners. - 389191982 RCS PARIS - PDF ONLY - SONOVISION-ITEP
AUTOMATION-L3-P14x-BR-07.05-0933b-GB - © - AREVA - 2004. AREVA, the AREVA logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of AREVA.

AREVA T&D Worldwide Contact Centre: Our policy is one of continuous development. Accordingly the
http://www.areva-td.com/contactcentre/ design of our products may change at any time. Whilst every
effort is made to produce up to date literature, this brochure
Tel.: +44 (0) 1785 250 070 should only be regarded as a guide and is intended for
information purposes only. Its contents do not constitute an offer
for sale or advise on the application of any product referred to in
www.areva-td.com it. We cannot be held responsible for any reliance on any
decisions taken on its contents without specific advice.
www.areva-td.com/protectionrelays