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3/15/2018 Earthing of Electrical Transmission Tower

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Earthing of Electrical Transmission Tower


We should probably earth each tower of an electrical
transmission line. We must measure footing resistance of
each tower. We should take the footing resistance of tower in
dry season before stringing the earth wire and/or OPGW
(where OPGW is applicable). In any circumstances footing
resistance of the tower will not be more than 10 ohms.
We should use either pipe earthing or counterpoise for
earthing of the electrical transmission line tower. The
tower earthing lug should extend beyond the concrete base of
the tower leg. We also use lug connector in case of
counterpoise earthing. Logically we should pipe earthing to
any of the four legs of a tower but practically we should Related Articles
provide earthing to that leg which is specifically marked for Resistance of Earth
providing earthing. Generally the leg members of that leg is System Earthing
marked with capital letter A. It's a normal practice to avoid
Equipment Earthing
mistakes by tower erection gang. In case of river crossing and
Earthing of Tower
railway crossing towers we provide earthing at diagonally
Earthing of Substation E…
opposite two legs of a tower.
Let us now discuss these two types of earthing one by one. More Related Articles

Transmission Effect

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Tower

Reactor
Pipe Earthing of Electrical Transmission Tower Cable

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In case of pipe earthing system we use galvanised steel pipe
Parallel Plate Capacitor
of diameter 25 mm and of length 3 meters. We bury the pipe
Transformer Polarity Test
vertically in the soil in such a manner that the top of the pipe
shall be 1 meter below the ground level. Where the tower Shell Type Transformer

stands on rock we have to bury the earthing pipe in damp soil Transformer Rating
available nearer to the tower. Low Power Factor Opera…
Then we connect the tower leg with the pipe with the help of Articles Categories
galvanized steel tape of suitable cross section. In that case
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we have to bury the steel tape in a groove cut on the rock and
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adequately protect the steel tape from damage.
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3/15/2018 Earthing of Electrical Transmission Tower

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In case of pipe earthing system we fill surroundings of the
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pipe with alternating layers of charcoal and salt, which
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maintain the surrounding soil of the pipe moist. A details
pictorial representation of a pipe earthing is down here below. Generation

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Counterpoise Earthing

We use 10.97 mm dia galvanized wire for the purpose of


counterpoise earthing of electrical transmission tower.
Here we connect the galvanized wire with the leg of the tower
with the help of galvanized lug and the galvanized lug is fitted

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3/15/2018 Earthing of Electrical Transmission Tower

with a tower leg with the help of 16 mm dia nut and bolts. The
steel wire used for the purpose must be of minimum 25
meters in length. The wire is buried tangentially under the
ground of minimum 1 meter depth from the ground level. Here
four legs of a tower are connected together with counterpoise
earth wire burried below the ground level of 1 meter depth as
already been told.

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