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Materials:

Three colors – Antwerp Blue (Windsor and Newton), Naphthol Red and Hansa Yellow Deep
(M. Graham &Co.) Dilute each color with 3 teaspoons of water into approximately medium
value in 3 small dishes. Paper - Arches140 LB cold press paper 16”x20”. Brushes –
Synthetic, round number 2, 4 and 6, flat – 1/2 (with wedge shape) and ¾ inch. Masking fluid
– Pebeo.

Step 1: roughly sketch the composition with a #2 pencil. Take away some plants on lower right
and ignore most of rock and tree details on cliffs. Use wedge end of the 1/2” brush to apply
masking blocking waterfall at cliff, water beneath, sky, few trees on cliff and some leaves on
lower right.

Step 2: Wait for masking fluid completely dry to start painting from left cliff. Use a sprayer
to spray water 4-5 times lightly wetting that area.
Step 3: Pour three color liquids on it regardless ordering. More Yellow and Blue liquids are
on trees but more Red and Yellow on rocks. Try to pour them next to, but not on top of each
other.

Step 4: Spray a few more times on those color liquids to enhance their blending. Use fingers
or the ¾” to lightly mix and guide them. If there are excess color liquids and they are not
muddy, use the brush to take and drop them on rocks and trees nearby.
Step 5: Spray a few more times on those color liquids to enhance their blending. Use fingers
or the ¾” to lightly mix and guide them. If there are excess color liquids and they are not
muddy, use the brush to take and drop them on rocks and trees nearby.

Step 6: Spray water 4-5 times at lower fall at left. Use the ¾” to drop small amount of Blue
liquids on it. Immediately spray water a couple times on it to create soft and smooth blending
that effetely depicts flowing water. Next, lightly wet lower right area and then pour three
color liquids there.
Step 7: Slightly wet lower left corner with the water sprayer and pour three color liquids. Use
the ¾” to mix intense Red and little Blue. Apply it on rocks there and lower right.

Step 8: Next, use the same brush to mix fresh thick Blue and Red. Define rock edges at
foreground. Also, drop whole bunch of the mixture color on left and lower right, immediately
use mouth to blow it for obtaining trees at left and shrubs on lower right. You can use straws
to do blowing.
Step 10: To create more misty effects on cliff at upper right, use wet paper towels to lift up
colors there and soften the “Balloon” edges. “Balloon” is a special effect in watercolor
caused by excess water on a colored area where water pushes pigments out and form edges.

Step 11: To define upper fall, use the #4 lightly wet its left and right edges randomly leave
dry spots, and then use the #6 to apply light to medium Blue on those wetted areas. Next, we
paint the log and rocks bellow it. Use the #4 brush to mix fresh thick Blue and little Red to
paint their shaded sides. Immediately, use the #6 with little water to blend the dark Blue
smoothly onto their bright portions.
Step 12: Now we paint plants around upper fall. Use the #2 to apply light Blue around the
yellowish tree. Then use the #6 with little water to blend it away from the tree edge onto
background foliages (paint around technique). Define other trees the same way. The further
they are the darker Blue used.

Step 13: Use the #2 to call out tree trunks and branches on upper right by painting around
them with mixture of medium to intense Blue and Red. To define rocks on cliff, paint their
shadows with mixture of medium Red and little Blue. Give more definitions on rocks close to
waterfall.
Step 14: Use the same brush to mix intense Blue and Red, paint gaps between rocks and tree
roots. Also, use the same mixture color to define one more layer of trees, by painting around
their trunks and foliages. To touch up the white trees that were masked before, use the #2 to
fill their trunks and branches with Yellow and Red.

Step 15: In as same way, define trees and rocks on cliff at left. Remember not to paint them
with same level of details, or your painting appears rigid (“change of details”).
Step 16: Use the #2 to call out two logs on middle left by paint around them with mixture of
intense Blue and Red. Immediately, use #6 to blend it away from log edges onto background
smoothly. Now we want more water flowing on top of rocks at lower left. Use the ¾” and
little water to lift up colors on top of rocks there.

Step 17: Lift up all masking on lower portion of the painting. At lower right, fill leaves with
Yellow and Blue while branches with Red and Yellow. Finally, for white dots saved by
splashing masking on lower fall, fill some of them with light Blue and leave few white.

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