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www.moeller.

net/curves

CurveSelect – The
characteristics program
for protective devices

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Sof t war
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Circuit-breakers ensure a
high-level of system availability

Circuit-breakers are generally the


most important protective and
switchgear devices in power
distribution. At critical nodes in
the electrical power supply which
are responsible for the power
supply to entire factories or town
districts, fuseless protection of the
supply by circuit-breakers which
are ready to restart quickly are of
primary importance. Selective or
discriminative protection on vari-
ous levels of the power network
ensures a high level of system and
process availability.
In the lower current range,
comparable protective functions of
motor-protective circuit-breakers
and overload relays are provided.

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No software installation!

The “CurveSelect” software tool


enables the representation of tripping
CurveSelect www.moeller.net/curves
characteristics which correspond to

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CurveSelect

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the individual switch and relay settings

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using Microsoft Excel®.

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As a software installation is not

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required, the tool can be used without

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needing administrator rights for the PC.

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Important notice
The Moeller GmbH, Bonn, accepts no liability whatsoever for damage arising
from the use of the CD-ROM. Especially excluded from liability are damage to
persons, goods or assets, which may be consequential directly or indirectly
upon or in connection with the utilization of the CD-ROM.
We also point out that software/hard-ware designations and brand names of
companies mentioned are as a rule protected by law as Trade Marks and/or by
patents and Copyright or other commercial rights.

VKF1230-524.indd 3 08.10.2009 11:15:25 Uhr


Why the comparison of characteristics?

S5 S4 S3
250A 1000A 2000A In many electrical power net-
2h
100 works the protective devices are
40
S1 Hochspannung
High voltage connected in series. The program

Minutes
Minuten
10 makes it possible to represent and
4 evaluate all curves at the same
1 time with a minimum of effort.
40
S2 Niederspannung
Low voltage
With a high-level of system
Sekunden
Seconds

A
10 availability, it is expected that only
4 S3 the protective device in the direct
S3 1 S4
vicinity of the equipment should
B
400 trip with a fault. This is known as
S5
tv selectivity or discrimination.
100
50ms
Milli-Sekunden
Milliseconds

S4 40
50ms
C
10
Selectivity in the overload range:
4
S5 The program enables a simple
D 1 assessment by comparison of the
100 200 400 1000 2000 4000 10000 20000
ICC
characteristic curves in the particu-
[A] larly important overload range.
Example of a time-discriminating network design with short-time delayed circuit-breakers

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Peculiarities for selectivity
in the short-circuit current range

Selectivity in the short-circuit


Start of the current range:
electrodynamic Characteristic end Due to the complexity of the
range at Icu
electrodynamic properties of the
current limiting contacts and the
quenching mechanism, the tripping
times in the short-circuit range
cannot be calculated using this tool.

300 400 500 700 1k 1,2k 1,5k 2k 2,5k 3k 4k 5k 7k 10k 12k 15k 20k 25k 30k 40k 50k 70k 100k

Tripping current [A]

The range of the electrodynamic response value of the non-delayed which have been established by
limit is indicated in the tripping overload release. If the selectivity is exhaustive and extensive testing in
characteristics of this program also to be observed for short-circuit the Moeller main catalogue are to
by a vertical dashed line for the current range, the selectivity tables be taken into consideration.

VKF1230-524.indd 5 08.10.2009 11:15:26 Uhr


Differing variation options Simple protective devices, such

with characteristic curves


as fuses or miniature circuit-
breakers have a non-modifiable
tripping curve (characteristic).

On overload relays or motor-


protective circuit-breakers,
the current settings of the overload
a b c release Ir and partly the current
settings of the non-delayed short-
circuit release Ii may be adjustable.
t Ir
The most flexible option for
matching different equipment and
tr operating situations are provided
by NZM and IZM circuit-breakers
with electronic releases. In addi-
Isd tion to the currents, differing tr or tsd
delay times can be selected.

Further information and


tsd
Ii explanations regarding the physical
size can be found on page 18
I

Degrees of freedom in a Non-trip range


b Overload range
c Short-circuit range
6

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Supplementary notes concerning
representation of the characteristics

The following limiting conditions In the non-delayed overload release


must be observed with the range, the minimum command Further use of the represented,
evaluation of the diagrams: duration is indicated, as it is the individual tripping characteristics
All curves are represented time for which the current must The characteristics can be evaluated
assuming the cold state and flow before a trip cannot be on the monitor and can also be
without representation of the prevented. printed out. The curves may also
standard-conform tolerances be copied and added to other
of the response ranges, and the This corresponds to the melting documents.
tripping times are represented time (minimum melting curve) The same curves can be read out
as mean values of the with fuses. The current, voltage directly from the memory of the
circuit-breaker NZM with electronic
parameterized tripping and the phase position dependent
releases with the precise settings.
characteristic. total opening delay, which is
comprised of the response delay,
This representation corresponds switching delay and arc quenching
with the conventional characteristic time, is not considered by the
representation in many catalogues. represented curves.

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CurveSelect:
Beginning a new project

Copy the “Curve Select” file Comprehensive information about


into a folder of your choice. the program is contained in the
The file can be used for as many “Read Me” sheet in verschiedenen Prerequisite
projects are required. Sprachen. An executable Microsoft Office
Excel® program must be installed
Double click on the “Curve The corresponding language on the PC.
Select” file. An Excel® workbook versions can be selected in the
consisting of several sheets “General” sheet. On this sheet
necessary for the representation “General details” of the project
of the tripping characteristics are entered and are automatically
opens. The latest version of the accepted into the representation
The general product related
Moeller CurveSelect is available for of the characteristic curves.
details appear in this field
download free-of-charge on
the Internet.

General specifications:
Company: J. Q. Public Company
Installation: LV discrimination
Editor: John Q. Public
Date: xx.xx.xxxx
Line: 400 V / 50 Hz

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Example: Entering the project
details in the input mask

The versions can be selected


in the “General” mask.

The project-specific details from


En this input mask are automatically
Nyelv-választás Magyar
accepted in the characteristic
representation.
General specifications
Company: J. Q. Public Company

Installation: LV discrimination

Editor: John Q. Public

Date: 14.2.2006

Line voltage: 400 V

Line frequency: 50 cps

Comments:

Moeller does not bear any warranty of accuracy.

Liability is excluded except in cases of wilful intent.

VKF1230-524.indd 9 08.10.2009 11:15:27 Uhr


CurveSelect:
Protective device selection

Tripping diagram
It is recommended that you save the program after
entering the basic program data in any desired
General specifications:
Company:
Installation:
J. Q. Public Company
NSV Selektiv
folder with “File” / “Save as”. This ensures that the
Editor: John Q. Public

ZB NZM IZM Date:


Line:
xx.xx.xxxx
400 V / 50 Hz original program file “Moeller Curve... .xls” is available
for further use and does not contain project-specific
Tripping time

entries. It is also recommended that you save further


konfigurable
characteristic entries regularly with “File” / “Save as”.
FAZ Fuse

PKZ(M) With the worksheets “NZM...”, “IZM...” or “Fuses”


you can select the protective device whose
characteristic curve you want to represent next. Per
sheet and project it is possible to register the data for
Tripping current [A] 2 to 3 protective devices of the same construction type
and size in the “Input” fields. Every product sheet is
used a maximum of once per project. All entries can be
erased or overwritten if required.

10

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Example: Entering NZM circuit-breakers
in the input mask
Menu of permissible values

Input masks NZM3


1 2
Value Input Unit Selection and setting range Value Input Unit Selection and setting range The circuit-breakers must receive
Name: Any (activating cell) Name: Any (activating cell)
a unique designation in this mask
Breaker: NZMN3 ; NZMH3 ; NZML3 ; NZMN3-4 ; NZMH3-4 ; NZML3-4 Breaker: NZMN3 ; NZMH3 ; NZML3 ; NZMN3-4 ; NZMH3-4 ; NZML3-4

Trip Unit: AE ; ME ; VE Trip Unit: AE ; ME ; VE

In = A 250 ; 400 ; 630 In = A 250 ; 400 ; 630


Input range

Ir = x In Ir = x In

tr = s tr = s

Ii = x Ir Ii = x Ir Also refer to the notes


on pages 17 and 18

Un = 400V / 50cps Ue max = 0V Un = 400V / 50cps Ue max = 0V

Errors: Errors: The required switch is selected in


Ir = A Ir = A
the Moeller main catalogue first.
Control

Ii = A Ii = A
Thereafter, the details and settings
Warnings: Warnings:
in this input mask for a maximum
Icu = 0 kA Icu = 0 kA of 3 circuit-breakers, for example
Limits

Ics = 0 kA Ics = 0 kA
of frame size NZM 3, are entered.

11

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CurveSelect:
Representing tripping characteristics

The respective selectable entries After entering all the data and from 1 ms to 2 h, and as
are provided corresponding to for the first protective device, absolute values.
the selected basic type in the and after each further input,
“Permissible setting range” field. the tripping characteristics
These values can‘t be copied and are displayed on the “Tripping
must be entered manually into graphs <> Curves”.
the input fields. Invalid entries
are indicated in the “Errors” field. Subsequent changes
Tripping diagram
If at all possible and informative, to the entries on the
displays with “Control and limit “Product sheets” General specifications:
Company: J. Q. Public Company

values” and “Warnings” will be are automatically Installation:


Editor:
Date:
NSV Selektiv
John Q. Public
xx.xx.xxxx
Line: 400 V / 50 Hz

indicated “. considered by the next

Tripping time
curve display. The
Each tripping characteristic can representation is
only be graphically represented made on a log-log
when the device has been co-ordinate system
assigned with a designation in with 5 x 7 decades,
the “Designation” field. from 1 A to 100 kA
Tripping current [A]

12

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Which faults must be avoided?

Bearb.:
Date:
Datum: In order to ensure selectivity
Netz:
Line:
(discrimination) in the overload
range, the curves represented
for the circuit-breaker under one
another, and the curves for the
fuses may not cross or touch each
other at any point.

Consider the tolerances of the


curves which are ± 20 % in the
overload range. Meeting and
crossover points on the curves
are not permissible. The overload
Non-selective selectivity (discrimination) of the
range
selected devices has been reached
or exceeded at these points.

30 40 50 70 100 120 150 200 250 300 400 500 700 1k 1,2k 1,5k 2k 2,5k 3k 4k 5k 7k 10k 12k 15k 20k 25k
Moeller keine Gewähr.
usnahme in Fällen des Tripping current [A]

13

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Example: Several protective devices
before optimization

Tripping diagram
F2 F1 Q2 Q1
2h gl gl NZMN3 - IZMB1 -
80A 100A VE630 U1600
1h In = 630A In = 1600A
Ir = 1 x In Ir = 1 x In
tr = 2s tr = 8s (I≤t)
Isd = 2 x Ir Isd = 3 x In
20min
tsd = 0ms
I≤t = On
tsd = 100ms
I≤t =On
Allgemeine
General Angaben:
specifications:
Ii = 8 x In Ii = 12 x In
Firma: Moeller
Company: J. Q. Public Company
10min
Anlage: 1 1
Installation:
5min Bearb.:
Editor:Mey
John Q. Public
Datum:
Date:13.07.2004
xx.xx.xxxx
2min Netz:
Line:400V
400V/ 50Hz
/ 50Hz

1min
Tripping time

20s

10s

5s

2s

1s

500ms

200ms

100ms

50ms

20ms Non-selective
10ms range
5ms

2ms

Caution! 1ms

Selectivity problems in 10 12 15 20 25 30 40 50
Für die Richtigkeit übernimmt Moeller keine Gewähr.
70 100 120 150 200 250 300 400 500 700 1k 1,2k 1,5k 2k 2,5k 3k 4k 5k 7k 10k 12k 15k 20k 25k 30k 40k 50k 70k 100k

Die Haftung ist insoweit mit Ausnahme in Fällen des Tripping current [A]
the fuse overload range Vorsatzes ausgeschlossen.

14

VKF1230-524.indd 14 08.10.2009 11:15:29 Uhr


Example: Several protective devices
after optimization

Tripping diagram
F2 F1 Q2 Q1
2h gl gl NZMN3 - IZMB1 -
80A 100A VE630 U1600
1h In = 630A In = 1600A
Ir = 1 x In Ir = 1 x In
tr = 2s tr = 8s (I≤t)
Isd = 2 x Ir Isd = 3 x In
20min
tsd = 300ms
I≤t = On
tsd = 100ms
I≤t =On
Allgemeine Angaben:
General specifications:
Ii = 8 x In Ii = 12 x In
Firma:
Company: Moeller
J. Q. Public Company
10min
Anlage: 1 1
Installation:
5min Bearb.: MeyJohn Q. Public
Editor:
Datum: 13.07.2004
Date: xx.xx.xxxx
2min Netz:Line:
400V / 50Hz
400V / 50Hz

1min

20s
Tripping time

10s

5s

2s
Switched-on
1s
I2t function
500ms

200ms

100ms

50ms

20ms

10ms

5ms

Elimination of the
2ms

selectivity problems 1ms

with modified settings 10 12 15 20 25 30 40 50


Für die Richtigkeit übernimmt Moeller keine Gewähr.
70 100 120 150 200 250 300 400 500 700 1k 1,2k 1,5k 2k 2,5k 3k 4k 5k 7k 10k 12k 15k 20k 25k 30k 40k 50k 70k 100k

Die Haftung ist insoweit mit Ausnahme in Fällen des


Tripping current [A]
on the circuit-breaker Vorsatzes ausgeschlossen.

15

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Example: Optimized motor protection
with electronic releases

Tripping diagram
The „Mot“ sheet enables the
representation of the motor
startup characteristic of three-
General specifications:
Company:
Installation:
J. Q. Public Company phase asynchronous machines,
Editor: John Q. Public

Motor startup
Date:
Line:
xx.xx.xxxx
400V / 50Hz
in order to examine and simplify
characteristic the selection of overload relays /
motor-protective circuit-breakers.
Tripping time

Circuit-breaker tripping
characteristic with The starting current envelope is
thermal releases represented around the effective
value while taking the highest
Circuit-breaker with
expected inrush current into
electronic releases consideration.

Tripping current [A]

16

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Tripping variants simplify
Please select the required
application-dependent selection circuit-breaker in the Moeller
main catalogue.

Differing circuit-breaker Suitability of the IEC version of the circuit-breaker


versions enable cost- for main switch and secondary applications
effective matching
Main applications Secondary applications Type
to the respective
Short- Protection Cable Generator Selectively- Motor Main Emergency green =
protective demands. circuit opening cir- without release***
protection of systems protection protection cuit-breakers protection switch stop
yellow and “E” =
(without with delayed electronic release
Electronic releases overcurrent short-circuit
blue = electromechanical
provide the highest release) release
release
level of flexibility X X NS..-..
which extend to X X N..-..
time selectivity and X (X) * X X NZM.. ..-S..
communication
X X X X NZM.. ..(-4)-A..
capabilities.
X X X X NZM.. ..(-4)-AE..
X X (X) ** (X) ** NZM.. ..-M..
X X (X) ** (X) ** NZM.. ..-ME..
X X X X X X NZM.. ..(-4)-VE..

* only in combination with suitable contactor and overload relay


** only for single motor starter
*** Switch NS.. features a short-circuit release for self-protection
(-4) type suffix for 4-pole switch

17

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Small setting aid t
Tripping characteristic

– notes for avoiding faults – 1

0,8 6 6 0.6
0,7 0,9 5 7 5 7 0.5 0.7
4 8 4 8 0.4 0.8
0,6 0,95 1 3 9
3 3 10
5 0.9
7 3
0.3
9 0,5 1,0 2 10 2 12 1.0
Ir/n x In Isd/n x Ir Ii/n x In Ig/n x In
6
8
10
14 100
200 on 100
200
300 300
6 17 60 500 60 500

10 4 20
2 20 750
4 off 6 20 750
8 4 5
2 0 1000 0 1000
tr/s(6 x Ir) tsd/ms I2t tg/ms

I
Note: Not all parameters are available or adjustable on simpler
Z2 protective devices.
The figure indicates the influence of the
adjustable parameters.

Adjustable parameters:

1 overload release Ir 6 I2t-setting On/Off


2 time delay setting to overcome current peaks tr 7 earth-fault protection Ig (optional)
3 delayed short-circuit release Isd 8 earth-fault release delay time tg
4 delay time tsd (relative to Isd) 9 LED overload warning with Ir 70 / 100 / 120%
5 non-delayed short-circuit release Ii 10 data interface

18

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Setting aid for NZM circuit-breakers in IEC version
– Type dependent rating and setting values –
Posi- Value Value range Factory Setting With type Influence on tripping Source for setting value Possible faults
default
tion in setting type characteristic
figure
Observe the preset Caution !
scaling (stages) !
Dangerous !!!
In= Iu Refer to the rating label of the All No influence, Max. required current for Switch over-
circuit-breaker, construction-related, limit value for the switch the application dimensioned or
non-adjustable rated value selection under-dimensioned

1 Ir 0.5-1 x In 0.8 x In Step All, except Offsets the upper starting e.g. motor current or Early or
switch switch point of the curve to the right permissible cable loading late trip
without Ir of the switch

2 tr 2-20 s and L 10 s Step NZM2..4 Tripping time is defined for Permissible (necessary) Early or
(L = wit- switch -ME and -VE 6 x Ir. If the curve is offset runup time of the motor late trip
hout overload upwards, the tripping time is of the switch
release) extended, premature tripping
is avoided, the tripping time partly over-dimensioning
may not be continuously of switchgear and
extended. Take the thermal cables is necessary,
loading of the equipment
and the entire circuit into Observe the table with
consideration max. permissible tripping
class in the main catalogue!

3 Isd 2-10 x Ir 6 x Ir Step NZM2..4 -VE Trips when the set short- With time selectivity: Lack of selectivity due to time
switch circuit current is reached lowest network level stages which are too low.
after the set delay time without delay (e.g. PKZM),
with each successive level
4 tsd 0 –1000 ms 0 ms Step having a delay setting
one step greater than
switch
the previous level

19

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Setting aid for NZM circuit-breakers in IEC version
– Type dependent rating and setting values –
Posi- Value Value range Factory Setting With type Influence on tripping Source for setting value Possible faults
tion in default type characteristic
setting
figure
Observe the preset ➡ Caution !
scaling (stages) ! ➡ Dangerous !!!
5 Ii 2-14 x In or not 12 x In Step All Must protect the weakest Setting dependent on Setpoint motor startup
adjustable switch element in the circuit against the incoming supply current may not lead
destruction (emergency brake) short-circuit rating and to a trip.
permissible peak cur-
rents. Observe the neces- If setting is too high,
sary neutralization (IEC switch does not trip
60364)
on / off off on / off NZM3..4 -VE The tripping time is increa- Selectivity consideration Missing selectivity
6 I2t sed, in dependence on the with the following fuse with fuses
2
max. permissible I t value of
the switch

7 Ig 0.3-1 x Iu Step Optional with: No influence Situation related, Too sensitive,


switch NZM3..4 reasonable values to faulty trips,
-AE,-ME, -VE be estimated for fire no selectivity,
protection, time staging
8 tg 0-1000 ms Step enables earth-fault with danger of fire
switch selectivity is setting too high

9 Overload message “Alarm” LED (at 70 % of Ir NZM2..4 No influence – Early warning of


continuous light, from 100 % slow flash and -AE,-ME, -VE trip not observed
from 120 % fast flash)

10 Data interface for laptop or data management NZM2..4 Enables supplementary See above notes for See above,
interface DMI -AE,-ME, -VE parametric programming parametric values Notes about
parametric values
Fundamental representation using NZM4 example, details and value ranges may deviate in individual cases.
See valid main catalogue. Observe the peculiarities with 4-pole switches and IT electrical power networks.

20

VKF1230-524.indd 20 08.10.2009 11:15:32 Uhr


Validation of NZM contactor
settings at a glance
A power disruption can be limited to the areas which are directly affected by the
fault using a selective NZM design concept. The effects and costs of a malfunction
are minimised without making any compromises in safety.

The active tripping curve and the planned selectivity can be exactly represented in
the NZM-XPC-SOFT based on the selected switch settings and tripping
characteristic. Selection of the optimum protective parameters is supported during
the commissioning phase and verified by a direct comparison of the upstream and
downstream protective devices.

Possible fault sources are immediately indicated by a visual representation of the


individual contactor settings. This is also the case when illustrating the effects of
modifications at any time, for example in low voltage distribution networks. Even
the matching of the protection settings of a specific motor characteristic is illust-
rated by graphic optimisation of the inrush-, starting- and operating current of the
motor.

21

VKF1230-524.indd 21 08.10.2009 11:15:00 Uhr


Further information concerning protective device Moeller addresses worldwide:
www.moeller.net/address
selection can be found at: E-Mail: info@moeller.net

© 2004 by Moeller GmbH


www.moeller.net www.moeller.net
Subject to alterations
VKF1230-524GB MDS/DFS 03/06
Auslösekennlinien einstellungsspezifisch Setting-Specific Representation
darstellen und ihr Zusammenwirken of Tripping Characteristics and Printed in Germany (04/06)
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133.11.2
..11 220000
.11.2
sterm
sttteeermanna
Siicche
Si
Sic her
h
Netz:
tz 415 4 V 6
006006
Siicche
Si
Sic her
h
Netz:
tz 4154 V 6
006006

PK
P eerun
ung
n ko
kon
koon
/ 50 Hz
PK
P eerun
ung
n ko
kon
koon
/ 50 Hz
Auslösediagramm
NZM
NZ
ZM
ZM KZ(M
KZ
Z(M
(M
M)) emeeeine nffi
fig
ig
igu
gur
Tripping diagram
NZM
NZ
ZM
ZM KZ(M
KZ
Z(M
(M
M)) eme nffi
fig
igu
ig
gur
FAZ
FA
AZ innee A
Anngggab
gaben urriierb FAZ
FA
AZ eine
e in
nee A
Anngg
gaben
gab urriierb
en: rbar en: r aare
urrvvee bar
Firm
FFir
Firma
Firma: Firm
FFir
Firma
Firma:
irma:
irm
m :
Ku are
a irma:
irm
m :
Ku
e r
urrvve r
Moeller
Moe
M lle
er G Moeller
Moe
M lle
er G
IZM IZM
GmbH GmbH
ZZM Anlage:
An
Anla
ZM
Z Anlage:
An
Anla
Auslösezeit

Auslösezeit
M M
nla
lage:
e::
e bH
H Bonn
Bonn
n
nn nla
lage:
ee:: bH
H Bonn
Bonn
n
nn
NS
SV NS
SV
Mot
Mot
Mo
otoorrk
ork
Bearb.: V S lekt
Selek
lekti
ekt
k v Mot
Mo
Mot
otoorrk
ork
Bearb.: V Se
S lekt
lek
lekti
ekt
k v
rkenn
en
nnnlin Daat
Datum:
Max xMMuster
Musterm
sterm
erm
rmann
mann rkenn
en
nnnlin Daat
Datum:
Maxx MMuster
Musterm
sterm
erm
rmann
mann
inie
in ie Sic
Si
Sic
ic h
he
her
13.11
konfig
Netzz: 415 2006 inie
in ie Sic
Si
Sic
ic h
he
her
13.11
konfig
Netzz: 415 2006
errung
e un
n figurier
fi
V/ errung
e un
n V/figurier
fi
Allgemeine Angaben:
Ku
Kur
Ku b
baree General specifications:
Ku
Kur
Ku b
baree
PKZ
PK
PKZ
KZ(M
(M
(M)
M)) Firma: Moeller GmbH Bonn
urrve
urve
ve PKZ
PK
PKZ
KZ(M
(M
(M)
M)) Company:Moeller GmbH Bonn
urrve
urve
ve
Anlage: NSV Selektiv Installation:NSV Selektiv
Bearb.: Max Mustermann Editor: Max Mustermann
ZB FAZ
FAZ
Z NZM IZM Datum: 13.11.2006 ZB FAZ
FAZ
Z NZM IZM Date: 13.11.2006
Netz: 415 V / 50 Hz Line: 415 V / 50 Hz
konfig
kon
onfig
igur
urriierb
uri konfig
kon
onfig
igur
urriierb
uri
Aus Sicher
Sic
usllö herrung erb
er bar
ar
are Aus Sicher
Sic
usllö herrung erb
er bar
ar
are
Mot
otork
ot ork lös
ös
ö g Kur
Kurrvvee Mot
otork
otork lös
össses
ö g Kur
Kurrvvee
rkenn
enn
en
nnlinie
sses
es
e
est
sttro
s trom
rom
ro
om rkenn
enn
en
nnlinie es
e
est
ssttro
trom
rom
ro
om
[A]
[A [A]
[A
P Z(M
PKZ(M
PKZ P Z(M
PKZ(M
PKZ

Tripping time
(M)
(M)
M) (M)
(M)
M)
Auslösezeit

konfigurierbare Configurable
Auslös
Au
Aus Kurve Auslös
Au
Aus characteristic
lös

ö est lös

ö est
FAZ eSicherung
st
strom
trom
om [A
om FAZ est
tFuse
strom
rom
om [A
om
[A] [A]

PKZ(M) PKZ(M)
Motorkennlinie Motor characteristic
Auslösestro Auslösestro
m [A] m [A]

Auslösestrom [A] Tripping current [A]

Fachaufsatz Technical Paper


Dipl.-Ing. Wolfgang Esser Dipl.-Ing. Wolfgang Esser
Dipl.-Ing. Dirk Meyer Dipl.-Ing. Dirk Meyer
3. überarbeitete Ausgabe, 2009 3rd Revised Edition, 2009

VER 1230-943D VER 1230-943GB


German English

VKF1230-524.indd 22 08.10.2009 11:15:02 Uhr