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Les verbes irréguliers en anglais

Les verbes précédés de R sont assez rarement employés.


Les verbes précédés de * sont couramment employés. Ce sont ceux qu'il faut
absolument connaître.
Les verbes précédés de + ont aussi une forme régulière.

PARTICIPE
INFINITIF PRÉTÉRIT TRADUCTION
PASSE
abide abode abode demeurer
arise arose arisen s'élever
awake awoke awaked or awoken s'éveiller
* be was / were been être
bear bore borne (born : né) porter
beat beat beaten battre
* become became become devenir
* begin began begun commencer
R behold beheld beheld contempler
bend bent bent plier, courber
R bereave bereft bereft priver, déposséder
beseech besought besought supplier
R beset beset beset entourer
bet bet bet parier
R bid bid bid enchérir
bind bound bound lier
bite bit bit mordre
bleed bled bled saigner
blow blew blown souffler
* break broke broken casser
élever (des
breed bred bred
animaux)
* bring brought brought amener
* build built built construire
+ burn burnt burnt brûler
burst burst burst éclater
buy bought bought acheter
R cast cast cast jeter, lancer
catch caught caught attraper
* choose chose chosen choisir
cling clung clung s'accrocher
* come came come venir
* cost cost cost coûter
creep crept crept ramper
jubiler, chanter de
R crow crew crowed
joie
* cut cut cut couper
deal dealt dealt s'occuper de
dig dug dug creuser
* do did done faire
draw drew drawn dessiner
+ dream dreamt dreamt rêver
* drink drank drunk boire
* drive drove driven conduire
R dwell dwelt dwelt demeurer
* eat ate eaten manger
* fall fell fallen tomber
feed fed fed nourrir
* feel felt felt sentir, ressentir
fight fought fought se battre
* find found found trouver
flee fled fled fuir
fling flung flung lancer violemment
fly flew flown voler
R forbear forbore forborne s'abstenir
forbid forbade forbidden interdire
* forget forgot forgotten oublier
forgive forgave forgiven pardonner
R forsake forsook forsaken abandonner
freeze froze frozen geler
* get got got obtenir, devenir...
* give gave given donner
* go went gone aller
R grind ground ground moudre
grow grew grown grandir
pendre (un
hang hung hung
manteau)
pendre (un
hang hanged hanged
homme)
* have had had avoir
* hear heard heard entendre
hide hid hidden (se) cacher
hit hit hit frapper
* hold held held tenir
hurt hurt hurt faire mal
R inlay inlaid inlaid incruster
* keep kept kept garder
kneel knelt knelt s'agenouiller
+ knit knit knit tricoter
* know knew known savoir, connaître
lay laid laid étaler, disposer
lead led led mener
+ lean leant leant se pencher
leap leapt leapt bondir
* learn learnt learnt apprendre
* leave left left quitter, laisser
lend lent lent prêter
let let let permettre, laisser
* lie lay lain être étendu
light lit lit allumer
* lose lost lost perdre
* make made made faire
signifier, vouloir
* mean meant meant
dire
* meet met met rencontrer
melt melted molten fondre
mistake mistook mistaken se tromper
mow mowed mown faucher, tondre
* pay paid paid payer
prove proved proven prouver
* put put put mettre
quitter,
quit quit quit
abandonner
* read read read lire
R rend rent rent déchirer
R rid rid rid (ou ridden) débarrasser
faire (du cheval, du
ride rode ridden
vélo)
* ring rang rung sonner
rise rose risen se lever
* run ran run courir
R saw sawed sawn scier
* say said said dire
* see saw seen voir
seek sought sought chercher
* sell sold sold vendre
* send sent sent envoyer
set set set fixer
sew sewed sewn coudre
shake shook shaken secouer
R shear sheared shorn tondre
R shed shed shed verser
shine shone shone briller
R shoe shod shod chausser
shoot shot shot tirer (pistolet)
* show showed shown montrer
shrink shrank shrunk se rétrécir
R shrive shrove shrove confesser
* shut shut shut fermer
* sing sang sung chanter
sink sank sunk couler
* sit sat sat être assis
R slay slew slain tuer
* sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid glisser
R sling slung slung lancer
R slink slunk slunk se glisser
slit slit slit fendre
* smell smelt smelt sentir
R smite smote smitten frapper
sow sowed sown semer
* speak spoke spoken parler
speed sped sped se hâter
spell spelt spelt épeler
passer (temps),
* spend spent spent
dépenser
+ spill spilt spilt répandre
spin spun spun tourner
spit spat spat cracher
se séparer, se
split split split
fendre
+ spoil spoilt spoilt gâter
spread spread spread étaler
spring sprang sprang jaillir
* stand stood stood être debout
R stave stove stove défoncer
steal stole stolen voler
stick stuck stuck coller
sting stung stung piquer
stink stank stunk puer
aller à grandes
stride strode stridden
enjambées
strike struck struck frapper
R string strung strung enfiler
strive strove striven s'efforcer
swear swore sworn jurer
+ sweat sweat sweat transpirer
sweep swept swept balayer
+ swell swelled swollen enfler
* swim swam swum nager
swing swung swung se balancer
* take took taken prendre
* teach taught taught enseigner
tear tore torn déchirer
* tell told told raconter
* think thought thought penser
thrive throve thriven prospérer
throw threw thrown jeter
lancer, pousser
thrust thrust thrust
violemment
tread trod trodden fouler aux pieds
undergo underwent undergone subir
* understand understood understood comprendre
undertake undertook undertaken entreprendre
undo undid undone défaire
renverser /
upset upset upset
contrarier
wake up woke up woken up se réveiller
* wear wore worn porter (habits)
weave wove woven tisser
weep wept wept pleurer
win won won gagner
wind wound wound serpenter
withstand withstood withstood résister à
withdraw withdrew withdrawn (se) retirer
wring wrung wrung tordre
* write wrote written écrire

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