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Ministry of National Economy

Republic of Kazakhstan
Committee on Statistics

www.stat.gov.kz

Kazakhstan
today

Astana 2016
Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Committee on Statistics

In accordance with “the Civil Code of the


Republic of Kazakhstan (the special part)”
this material is not subject to reproduction
(copying), when statistical information is
used in it’s own publications (issues) it`s
necessary to refer to Committee on Statistics
of the Ministry of National Economy of the
Republic of Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan
today

Astana 2016
The brochure «Kazakhstan today» / in English language/ p. 46

Ministry of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan


Committee on Statistics

The chief editor N.S. Aidapkelov

Brief statistical data on socio-economic status of the Republic


of Kazakhstan in this brochure is presented. The data has
been calculated in accordance with the principles of modern
methodology; it enables to compare them with international
indicators. The brochure is intended for a wide range of readers.
The electronic version is available on the internet-resource of
the Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of national economy of
the Republic of Kazakhstan www.stat.gov.kz.

Address: Left bank of Ishim river, 8 Orynbor str.


«House of Ministries», Entrance 4
Astana, 010000
Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Committee on Statistics
Informational service: +7 7172 749010, 749011
Fax: +7 7172 749546
E-mail: kazstat.rk@gmail.com
Internet-resource: http://www.stat.gov.kz

The notation conventions:


- - it is absent;
0,0 - a small quantity.
…- data is absent

The small discrepancies between total and the sum of summand in


some cases can be explained by rounding of data.

© Ministry of National economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan


Committee on Statistics
Соntents
The State structure.............................................................................4

Geography, climate, environment.......................................................7

Social-demographic indicators..........................................................12

Standard of living.............................................................................18

Labour and employment statistics ...................................................20

National economy ...........................................................................22

Trade................................................................................................30

The real sector of economy..............................................................32

Culture.............................................................................................42

Tourism............................................................................................44

Representative offices of Kazakhstan abroad....................................45

The public holidays...........................................................................45


The state structure
The Republic of Kazakhstan is a unitary state with presidential form of
government. Head of the state is the President Nursultan Nazarbayev
(since 1991).
The state authority in Kazakhstan is uniform and concludes
legislative power, realized by the Parliament, executive power realized
by the Government, which consist of central bodies (ministries and
departments) and local organs (akimats), judicial power realized by the
national courts (The Supreme court and local courts).
People are the only source of state power.
The fundamental principles of the Republic activity are public
concord and political stability, economic development for the benefit of
all people, patriotism and solution of the most important issues of state
by democratic methods including voting at the republican referendum
or in Parliament.
The state and private property is recognized and equally protected
in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Character of Senate deputies and state employees


of Senate apparatus according to sex in 2015
Distribution according to sex
Total,
women men
persons
persons in % persons in %
Senate deputies 47 3 6,3 44 93,7
Senate Apparatus 154 68 44,2 86 55,8
Head of Apparatus 1 - - 1 100
Deputy Head of
Apparatus 3 - - 3 100
Managers of
structural units 14 3 21 11 79
Deputy managers of
departments 20 7 35 13 65
Advisors and
assistants of the
Senate President 4 - - 4 100
Assistants of Deputy
Senate President, and
Head of Apparatus 3 - - 3 100
The senior consultants 43 21 49 22 51
The senior experts 13 9 69 4 31
Experts 9 7 77,8 2 22,2
Assistants of deputies 44 16 36,4 28 63,6

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Character of Mazhilis deputies and state employees
of Mazhilis Apparatus by sex in 2015
Distribution by sex
Total,
females males
person
persons in % persons in %
Mazhilis deputies 105 28 27 77 73
Mazhilis Apparatus 235 115 49 120 51
Head of Apparatus 1 - - 1 100
Deputy Head of
Apparatus 4 - - 4 100
Managers of
departments 13 8 62 5 38
Deputy managers of
departments 18 5 28 13 72
Assistants of
Chairman, Deputy
Mazhilis President,
Head of Apparatus
and advisors 6 - - 6 10
Sector managers 21 13 62 8 38
The senior
consultants 51 34 67 17 33
The senior experts 13 10 77 3 23
Experts 6 5 83 1 17
Assistants of
deputies 102 40 39 62 61

Каzakstan today 5
Listing number of public administration of
the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2015
persons

Distribution by
sex, %
Total Females Males
females males
The public
administration of
general character,
socio-economical
management 194 822 100 353 94 469 51,5 48,5
The public
administration of
general character 120 505 59 211 61 294 49,1 50,9
Activity of the
republican
management bodies 16 302 7 112 9 190 43,6 56,4
Activity of the regional
management bodies 29 542 14 673 14 869 49,7 50,3
Activity of local
management bodies 27 122 14 127 12 995 52,1 47,9
Activity of village
and settlement
management bodies 29 213 13 697 15 516 46,9 53,1
Activity connected
with taxation 13 628 6 571 7 057 48,2 51,8
Activity of Customs 591 154 437 26,1 73,9
Activity in the sphere
of statistics and
sociology 4 107 2 877 1 230 70,1 29,9
Regulation of
establishments
activity providing
medical service,
education, cultural
service and other
social services except
social security 45 300 29 029 16 271 64,1 35,9
Regulation and
assistance to more
effective economic
activity 29 017 12 113 16 904 41,7 58,3
Rendering of services
by the State to society
in whole 200 507 44 410 156 097 22,1 77,9

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Georaphy, climate, environment


Kazakhstan is located in the Central Asia in the depth of Eurasian
continent. Its territory occupies 2724900 square kilometers. In the area
Kazakhstan takes the ninth place in the world, ceding to Russia, China,
USA, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, India and Australia; the second place on
the territory among the CIS countries. Territory of Kazakhstan is larger
than 12 countries of European Union.
Kazakhstan boards with: CNR – 1782 km, Kyrgyzstan – 1241 km,
Turkmenistan – 426 km, Uzbekistan – 2354 km, Russian Federation -
7591 km. The total length of overland the State border of the republic
– 13394 km.

Population size
as of January 1, 2016, thsd. persons

Severo-Kazakstanskaya
569,5

Коstanaiskaya Pavlodarskaya
Akmolinskaya
883,6 758,5
744,4 Astana city
872,6

Zapadno-Kazakstanskaya
636,9
Vostochno-Kazakstanskaya
Aktyubinskaya Karagandinskaya 1395,8
A rayskaya 834,8 1384,8
594,6

Alma nskaya
Kyzylordinskaya 1947,5
765,2
Zhambylskaya
Mangistauskaya 1110,9 Almaty city
626,8 Yuzhno-Kazakstanskaya 1703,5
2841,3
2 500 - 2 900 (1)
1 500 - 2 000 (2)
1 000 - 1 500 (3)
500 - 1 000 (10)

Каzakstan today 7
Administrative-territorial breakdown
as of January 1, 2016

Cities Settlements
Territory1),
Ray- regional district
thsd. sq. aul
ons2) total signifi- signifi- village
km (rural)
cance cance
Republic of
Kazakhstan 2 724,9 177 87 38 47 30 6 693
Akmolinskaya 146,2 17 10 2 8 5 614
Aktubinskaya 300,6 12 8 1 7 - 372
Almatinskaya 223,6 16 10 3 7 - 731
Atyrauskaya 118,6 7 2 1 1 - 165
Zapadno-
Kazakhstanskaya 151,3 12 2 1 1 3 443
Zhambylskaya 144,3 10 4 1 3 - 373
Karagandinskaya 428,0 11 11 9 2 10 421
Kostanaiskaya 196,0 16 5 4 1 3 590
Kyzylordinskaya 226,0 7 4 2 2 2 261
Mangistauskaya 165,6 5 3 2 1 - 61
Yuzhno-
Kazakhstanskaya 117,3 15 8 4 4 - 836
Pavlodarskaya 124,8 10 3 3 - 4 401
Severo-
Kazakhstanskaya 98,0 13 5 1 4 - 673
Vostochno-
Kazakhstanskaya 283,2 15 10 4 6 3 752
Astana city 0,7 3 1 - - - -
Almaty city 0,7 8 1 - - - -
1)
Data of the Committee for Land resources management of the Ministry of
Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
2)
Including the 11 districts in the cities and the 6 districts in the cities of regional
importance.

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Average air temperature in 2015
0
С

27,3
22,6 23,7
19
21,4 20,8 15,7
14 18,7
15,8
11,5
12,4
4,4 6 3,8
1,1
-2,7 4,1 0,2

-5,9 -5,4
-6,3
-10,6
-13,1
I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII
Astana Almaty

Sediments in 2015
mm

111,8 113,2
95,9
92,8 90,6

63,1
53,3 53,9
49,6 38,8
40,6
28,1 27,6
25 24 24,3 29,5
25,4
13,1 18,1
21,4
9,3 6,2 11

I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII

Astana Almaty

Каzakstan today 9
The atmospheric air quality
of cities and towns*
Index of atmospheric
air pollution
1991 2000 2015
Aktau 10,4 4,6 4,0
Aktobe 8,3 10,0 3,3
Almaty 13,0 9,9 7,6
Astana 2,6 2,7 4,2
Atyrau 2,8 2,5 4,1
Balkash 2,7 3,3 5,2
Zhezkazgan 4,1 7,5 7,5
Karaganda 8,1 4,6 9,6
Kostanay 3,1 2,9 3,9
Pavlodar 2,6 2,3 4,3
Petropavlovsk 6,1 6,8 3,4
Ridder 17,4 10,0 7,4
Semipalatinsk 5,2 4,0 5,8
Taraz 6,6 7,8 5,5
Temirtau 10,1 6,9 7,9
Uralsk 2,2 1,4 1,4
Ust-Kamenagorsk 21,7 17,8 7,0
Shymkent 10,4 10,0 8,1
Ekibastuz 2,4 1,7 5,1

* Source: According to data of RSE «Kazgidromet».

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Formation and neutralization of emissions
1991 2000 2015
Pollutants which were collected and
neutralized thsd. tons 29 101,4 17 292,2 27 949,7
In percents of total amount of waste
pollutants 87 88 92,8
Using (utilization) of harmful
substances collected by treatment
facilities– total, thsd. tons 8 241,9 4 313,2 7 391,1
in percents of total amount of the
collected harmful substances 28,3 24,9 26,4
The atmospheric emissions of
harmful substances from stationary
sources, thsd. tons 4 277,8 2 429,4 2 180,0

Emissions in the atmosphere of hard, gaseous and liquid containments


thsd. tons

1760,9 1790,5 1731,5 1762,5 1714


668,5 593,8 551,2 494,2 466

2429,4 2384,3 2282,7 2256,7 2180

2000 2012 2013 2014 2015


total solid pollutants gaseous and liguid pollutants

Каzakstan today 11
Social demographic indicators
The main demographic indicators
1991 2000 2015
The total population size, by the end of
year, thsd. persons 16 451,7 14 865,6 17 670,6
including:
urban 9 404,0 8 413,4 10 066,6
rural 7 047,7 6 452,2 7 604,0
The total population size at the age:
Younger than able-bodied age 5 465,2 4 370,1 5 019,4
able – bodied age 9 063,8 8 892,4 10747,4
Older than able – bodied age 1 922,7 1 603,1 1903,8
Life expectancy at birth, years:
All population 67,6 65,5 72,0
men 62,6 60,2 67,5
women 72,4 71,2 76,9
The total coefficients:
Birth rate 21,5 14,9 22,69
Death rate 8,2 10,1 7,45
Including the deceased children under
1 year (per 1000 born children) - 18,8 9,37
The natural increase 13,3 4,8 15,24
Number of marriages 10,1 6,1 8,48
Number of divorces 3,0 1,8 3,04
Migration growth of population -3,5 -7,3 -0,8

Age-Sex pyramid of population of Kazakhstan


as of January 1, 2016, percentage

100&+
95 males famales
90
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1,2 1,0 0,8 0,6 0,4 0,2 0,0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1,0 1,2

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Life expectancy at birth
year

75,3 75,8 76,9

72,4 72,0
71,3 71,5
70,9

67,6 66,9 67,5


65,8 65,9

62,6
60,5

1991 2001 2013 2014 2015


both sexes males famales

The most popular children’s name


born in Kazakhstan
May 2016

Boys Girls
1 Alikhan Aizere
2 Aisultan Ayaru
3 Erasyl Aisha
4 Nurislam Rayana
5 Alinur Kausar
6 Nurasyl Amina
7 Sanzhar Aylin
8 Amir Inzhu
9 Ali Aruzhan
10 Arsen Ayana
11 Miras Aiym
12 Aldiar Amina
13 Artem Medina
14 Mansur Sofiya
15 Islam Alina
16 Maksim Ayala
17 Dias Adiya
18 Mansur Ayaulym
19 Ernar Korkem
20 Rasul Sezim

Каzakstan today 13
Entrance to Kazakhstan of foreign citizens and departure for the
border of citizens of Kazakhstan*
people

2000 2001 2015


The number of visitors
on the inbound
tourism, total 1 123 607 2 030 014 11 302 476
including:
CIS countries 972 851 1 862 684 10 356 151
outside CIS 150 756 167 330 946 325
The number of visitors
on the outbound
tourism, total 872 015 1 312 217 6 430 158
including:
CIS countries 698 201 1 127 918 5 835 592
outside CIS 173 814 184 299 594 566

* Data of the Border Guard of the Committee of National security of the Republic of
Kazakhstan (excluding the information on staff vehicles by the over sea follow).

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Education
as the beginning of academic year

1991/1992 2000/2001 2014/2015


Number of regular
state preschool
organizations 2 407 923 7 059
Number of state full-
time comprehensive
secondary schools 8 575 8 153 7 160
Number of state
night (multiple shift)
comprehensive
secondary schools 266 44 79
Number of state
vocational schools
(lyceums) 471 266 -
Number of state
colleges* 244 176 -
Number of state
organizations
of technical and
vocational education* - - 453
Number of state
institutions of higher
education 61 58 50

* Accordance to Law of Republic of Kazakhstan “On education” professional lyceums


are regenerate in colleges. Colleges are included in the number of organizations of
technical and professional education.

Каzakstan today 15
Number of children at preschool organizations
persons

1 023 099

758 772
727 478
634 504

140 350

1991 2001 2013 2014 2015

Placement of graduates of the


Republic of Kazakhstan by gender
persons

100 500 101742

84261
75936
72 310
62923

40069
33777
28475
23295

1998 2001 2013 2014 2015


males famales

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Computer literacy level of users
by sexual character
in percentage

2006
of which
total
males females
The beginning user 37,5 39,4 35,2
The ordinary user 50,5 48,3 53,1
The advanced user 10,7 10,4 11,0
Programmer 1,3 1,8 0,7
Continued

2010
of which
total
males females
The beginning user 16,7 9,3 7,4
The ordinary user 65,0 32,2 32,8
The advanced users 10,1 5,5 5,1
Continued

2015
of which
total
males females
The beginning user 26,0 26,4 25,6
The ordinary user 66,9 66,0 67,7
The advanced users 7,1 7,5 6,7

in percents

55,0 53,8
51,6 53,0 51,5
48,4 48,5
45,0 46,2 47,0

2006 2012 2013 2014 2015


males famales

Каzakstan today 17
Standard of living
The main socio-economic indicators
related to the living standards
1993 2000 2015
tenge
Average monthly nominal salary of
one employee
in tenge 128 14 374 126 021
in US dollars 24,3 101 568
Cost of living size on average per year,
per capita - 4 007 19 647
Average fixed scale of pension, at the
end of year1) 122 4 298 38 9332)
Average nominal cashes of population
per capita, tenge per month 2 3713) 6 352 67 1124)
The unit weight of the earned incomes
in money income of population,
in percents 723) 71 80,1
The minimum size of salaries 13 2 680 22 859
The minimum size of retirement
pension - 3 500 23 692
The coefficient Gini, by 10 percent
groups of population 0,3193) 0,307 0,278
in percents of previous year
Average monthly nominal salary of
one employee … 121,2 104,2
Index of real salary … 107,1 97,7
Index of real cashes 98,93) 101,3 101,54)
The real fixed scale of pension … 95,2 101,3
Index of consumer prices … 113,2 106,6
1)
The data with account taken of power structures.
2)
With no account taken of basic pension payment.
3)
1996.
4)
The preliminary data.

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Dynamics of nominal cashes
of population per capita

137,8 67 112
121,3 62 007

109,0 110,3 108,2


56 235

19 152

2 371
98,9 111,7 103,0 103,3 101,5
1996 2006 2013 2014 2015*
index of nominal monetary income, in % to relevant period of last year
index of real monetary income, in % to relevant period of last year
average nominal monetary per capita income of population, tenge per month

* The preliminary data.

The presence of total area per capita


2000 2005 2015*
Housing of population per one
person, sq. m., total 16,5 17,5 20,8
including:
urban area 16,9 18,7 23,3
rural area 15,2 16,0 17,6
The unit weight of total area of
all housing stock, (in percents)
equipped with:
water supply 51,9 54,4 98,4
sewerage 44,1 44,6 62,7
central heating 37,3 38,6 40,3
bath or shower 39,9 39,5 40,0
gas 88,9 87,6 88,9
central hot water supply 31,4 33,9 35,9
foor electric cookers 6,9 7,3 9,5

* The preliminary data.

Каzakstan today 19
Labour and employment statistics
The economic activity of population
1991 2000 2015
Economically active population,
thsd. persons 7 716,2 7 107,4 9 074,9
The economical activity level,
in percents 68,6 66,0 71,1
The employed population,
thsd. persons 7 716,2 6 201,0 8 623,8
Employment level, in percents
population at the age of 15 years and
over 68,6 57,6 67,6
economically active population 100,0 87,2 95,0
The hired workers, thsd. persons 7 389,5 3 504,4 6 294,9
share in number of employed population,
in percents 95,8 56,5 73,0
The self-employed workers,
thsd. persons 326,7 2 696,6 2 328,9
share in number of employed population,
in percents 4,2 43,5 27,0
The unemployed population,
thsd. persons - 906,4 451,1
Unemployment level, in percents - 12,8 5,0
Economically inactive population, thsd.
persons 3 533,0 3 655,2 3 680,1
The economical inactivity level,
in percents 31,4 34,0 28,9

The main indicators of the Labor Market


thsd. persons

7389,5
5949,7 6109,7 6294,9

3863,3

1991 2001 2013 2014 2015


employees self - employed population
employed population unemployed population

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Average monthly nominal salary of one employee


by types of economic activity
tenge

2000 2015
males females males females
For all types of activity 17 603 10 819 151 694 99 911
Agriculture, forestry and
fishing 5 759 4 394 77 605 59 817
Industry 23 103 15 906 190 059 132 043
mining industry and cut
mines 33 894 24 043 289 525 220 015
Manufacturing industry 20 681 14 233 148 956 110 469
electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning supply 19 615 15 408 131 193 106 790
water supply; sewerage,
control under collection and
distribution of wastes 14 619 12 391 90 815 74 337
Construction 22 610 15 916 157 024 139 491
The wholesale and retail
trade; repair of cars and
motorcycles 15 336 11 613 131 653 109 771
Transportation and storage 20 222 14 484 177 666 135 889
Services on accommodation
and food 29 044 19 932 149 033 99 903
Information and
communication 25 010 19 482 186 335 172 533
Financial and insurance
activity 51 100 30 267 307 559 200 410
Operations with 14 985 12 806 114 471 102 757
The professional, scientific
and technical activity 22 183 13 136 309 352 183 959
Activity in the sphere of
administrative and support
service 15 289 11 010 99 975 111 572
The state administration and
defense; compulsory social
security 13 580 10 457 117 553 90 585
Education 9 437 8 323 82 284 76 000
Public health and social
services 8 465 7 025 99 961 90 005
Arts, entertainment and
recreation 9 063 7 497 133 480 65 503
Other service activities 33 442 18 797 256 815 158 025
Activity of extra-territorial
organizations 50 292 45 356 486 210 485 463

Каzakstan today 21
National economy
Gross domestic product by production
1991 1995
share of share of
mln. rubles mln. tenge
GDP, in % GDP, in %
Gross domestic product by
method of production 85 863,1 100,0 1 014 190,0 100,0
Industry 23 323,2 27,2 238 732,7 23,5
Agriculture, forestry and
fishery 25 304,0 29,5 125 043,4 12,3
Construction 7 922,6 9,2 65 500,9 6,5
Transport 5 867,9 6,8 94 999,9 9,4
Communication 550,8 0,6 13 203,4 1,3
Trade and sphere of
circulation 6 970,2 8,1 174 642,1 17,2
Information and computer
service 136,4 0,2 966,4 0,1
Geology and prospecting for
mineral resources, geodesic
and hydro-meteorological
service 629,6 0,7 6 081,2 0,6
Housing service 1 760,5 2,0 35 734,3 3,5
Communal service 2 635,7 3,1 28 752,8 2,9
Non-productive types of
home service 766,0 0,9 5 465,7 0,5
Public health, physical
education, social security 2 761,6 3,2 23 576,6 2,3
Education 4 241,4 4,9 39 456,6 3,9
Culture and art 597,7 0,7 5 125,3 0,5
Science and scientific
service 340,8 0,4 2 808,9 0,3
Finance, credit, insurance 2 341,8 2,7 12 629,0 1,3
The state administration 1 109,0 1,3 23 794,1 2,4
The social associations 577,4 0,7 998,7 0,1
Other branches 651,7 0,8 79 040,5 7.8
Total branches 88 488,3 103,0 976 552,5 96,4
The indirectly measured
services of financial
intermediation -2 054,2 -2,4 -6 696,1 -0,7
Gross value added in
production account 86 434,1 100,6 969 856,4 95,7
Taxes on products in
production account 5 983,0 7,0 56 126,0 5,5
Subsidies on products in
production account 6 554,0 7,6 11 792,4 1,2

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Сontinued

2000 2005
share of share of
mln. tenge mln. tenge
GDP, in % GDP, in %
Gross domestic
product by method of
production 2 599 901,6 100,0 7 590 593,5 100,0
Agriculture, hunting and
forestry 206 872,7 8,0 477 445,0 6,3
Fishing, fish-breeding 3 999,7 0,2 6 039,6 0,1
Mining industry 339 075,2 13,0 1 198 887,4 15,8
Manufacturing industry 428 932,7 16,5 914 013,2 12,0
Production and
distribution of electricity,
gas and water 79 551,2 3,1 148 303,1 2,0
Construction 134 575,3 5,2 594 986,2 7,8
Trade, repair of cars and
households goods 323 467,2 12,4 897 919,4 11,8
Hotels and restaurants 14 782,9 0,6 68 053,9 0,9
Transport and
communications 298 514,5 11,5 896 814,2 11,8
The financial activity 80 679,3 3,1 245 775,6 3,2
Operations with a real
property, lease and
services to consumers 280 895,0 10,8 1 142 799,2 15,1
The state administration 60 739,6 2,3 157 851,5 2,1
Education 96 184,0 3,7 263 460,9 3,5
Public health and social
services 52 466,4 2,0 129 837,5 1,7
Other communal, social
and personal services 49 237,3 1,9 135 877,7 1,8
Housekeeping services 906,2 0,0 10 379,9 0,1
Total branches 2 450 879,2 94,3 7 288 444,3 96,0
The indirectly measured
services of financial
intermediation -23 660,0 -0,9 -165 700,7 -2,2
Gross value added in
production account 2 427 219,2 93,4 7 122 743,6 93,8
Taxes on products in
production account 174 530,5 6,7 474 580,9 6,3
Subsidies on products in
production account 1 848,1 0,1 6 731,0 0,1

Каzakstan today 23
Сontinued

2010 2015
share of share of
mln. tenge mln. tenge
GDP, in % GDP, in %
Gross domestic
product by method of
production 21 815 517,0 100,0 40 884 133,6 100,0
Agriculture, forestry
and fishing 983 994,9 4,5 1 925 866,5 4,8
Mining industry and
cut mines 4 249 267,9 19,5 5 170 567,7 12,7
Manufacturing industry 2 469 804,1 11,3 4 201 012,1 10,1
Electricity, gas, steam
and air conditioning
supply 391 236,4 1,8 693 589,4 1,7
Water supply;
sewerage, control
under collection and
distribution of wastes 66 817,4 0,3 101 807,2 0,2
Construction 1 680 502,5 7,7 2 447 736,1 6,0
The wholesale and
retail trade; repair of
cars and motorcycles 2 834 219,3 13,0 6 994 015,8 17,0
Transportation and
storage 1 750 835,6 8,0 3 520 545,5 8,6
Services on
accommodation and
food 188 935,4 1,0 420 185,0 1,1
Information and
communication 675 234,2 3,1 1 071 814,5 2,6
Financial and insurance
activity 792 399,5 3,6 1 430 703,9 3,5
Operations with
immovable property 1 884 428,6 8,6 3 685 580,4 9,0
The professional,
scientific and technical
activity 841 846,1 3,9 1 864 408,9 4,6
Activity in the sphere
of administrative and
support service 419 847,0 1,9 846 480,3 2,1
The state
administration and
defense; compulsory
social security 456 417,0 2,1 809 408,7 2,0
Education 704 180,6 3,2 1 197 316,9 2,9
Public health and social
services 377 936,9 1,7 729 986,8 1,8
Art, entertainment and
recreation 130 801,1 0,6 329 278,5 0,8
Other types of services 200 807,6 0,9 1 312 678,3 3,3

24
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Сontinued
2010 2015
share of share of
mln. tenge mln. tenge
GDP, in % GDP, in %
Activity of households,
people who hire
household servants;
and produce goods and
services for own use 16 378,9 0,1 30 917,9 0,1
Total branches 21 115 891,0 96,8 38 783 900,4 94,9
The indirectly measured
services of financial
intermediation -466 859,4 -2,1
Gross value added in
production account 20 649 031,6 94,7 38 783 900,4 94,9
Taxes on products in
production account 1 226 970,2 5,6 2 223 043,8 5,4
Subsidies on products
in production account 60 484,8 0,3 122 810,6 0,3

Structure of gross domestic


product by production
as percent
70

60

50

40

30

20

10

-10
1991 2000 2013 2014 2015

production of goods production of services FISIM not taxes

Каzakstan today 25
The investment activity
mln. tenge

1999 2000 2015


New fixed assets putting into
operation 163 620 331 264 5 107 551
Investment to the fixed capital 369 084 595 664 7 024 709
including:
construction and installation
works 96 408 159 995 3 746 543
Investment in dwelling
construction 13 771 22 435 739 987

Fixed capital investment


bln. tenge

7025
6591
6073

1704

113

1994 2004 2013 2014 2015

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Intramural and extramural expenditures
for research and development works
mln. tenge

2000 2006 2015


Intramural and
extramural
expenditures
for research and
development works 5 965,7 35 594,9 86 572,9
including
Intramural
expenditures
for research and
development works 4 706,9 24 799,9 69 302,9

Intramural expenditures for research


and development works
mln. tenge

69302,9
66347,6
61672,7
51253,1

4706,9

2000 2012 2013 2014 2015

Каzakstan today 27
Number of registered legal entities
units

1999 2000 2015


Total 120 862 138 530 360 287
Agriculture, forestry and
fishing 9 972 10 076 12 858
Mining industry and cut
mines 731 830 2 981
Manufacturing industry 9 860 11 013 20 720
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning supply 983 1 080 1 160
Water supply; sewerage,
control under collection and
distribution of wastes 974 1 116 2 189
Construction 8 693 10 116 51 121
The wholesale and retail
trade; repair of cars and
motorcycles 34 253 42 744 106 893
Transportation and storage 3 589 4 297 13 857
Services on accommodation
and food 1 683 1 858 4 611
Information and
communication 2 301 2 806 8 630
The financial and insurance
activity 3 142 2 775 9 195
Operations with immovable
property 6 833 7 372 16 655
The professional, scientific
and technical activities 6 624 7 709 26 528
Activity in the sphere of
administrative and support
service 2 227 2 935 14 633
The state administration and
defense; compulsory social
security 6 064 6 211 9 909
Education 9 363 10 137 19 369
Public health and social
services 4 923 5 375 5 896
Art, entertainment and
recreation 2 190 2 515 5 264
Other types of services 6 452 7 560 27 818
Activity of households,
people who hire household
servants; and produce goods
and services for own use 4 4 -
Activity of extra-territorial
organizations and organs 1 1 -

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Number of the registered legal entities
thsd. units

339 353,9 360,3


318

360,3

1999 2012 2013 2014 2015

Каzakstan today 29
Trade
The domestic trade
bln. tenge

1995* 2000 2015


Volume of retail trade 150,9 570,4 6 555,8
including:
foodstuffs 87,5 250,4 1 886,9
products of meal 69,3 205,8 1 603,5
alcoholic drinks 10,0 33,5 212,2
tobacco products 8,2 11,1 71,2
non-food goods 63,4 320,0 4 668,9
Volume of retail trade
per capita, tenge 9 538 38 327 373 676
including:
foodstuffs 5 532 16 826 107 554
non-food goods 4 006 21 501 266 122
Volume of services
for provision with
foodstuffs and drinks 10,5 11,5 321,9
Volume of wholesale
trade 50,3 703,2 16 240,5

* Including the amount of catering services.

Structure of retail trade


in percents

23,5

47,3 44,9 47,7


56,1

76,5

52,7 55,1 52,3


43,9

1995 2005 2013 2014 2015

trade enterprises individual enterprises, including trading in the markets

30
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Foreign trade
mln. US dollars

1995 2000 2015


Trade turnover – total 9 056,9 13 852,2 76 523,5
of which:
CIS countries 5 536,2 5 068,4 20 970,3
Other countries 3 520,7 8 783,8 55 553,2
Export - total 5 250,2 8 812,2 45 955,8
of which:
CIS countries 2 883,5 2 336,7 7 908,3
Other countries 2 366,7 6 475,5 38 047,5
Import - total 3 806,7 5 040,0 30 567,7
of which:
CIS countries 2 652,7 2 731,7 13 062,0
Other countries 1 154,0 2 308,3 17 505,7

mln. US dollars
133 506,0
120 755,3

76 523,5

15 085,1
9 056,9

1995 2001 2013 2014 2015

Commodity structure in 2015


in percents

export import
chemical and
connected with it
production industries
goods (rubber and
plastic included)
7,3 chemical and
connected with it machines,
machines, production equipment,
mineral equipment, industries goods transport
resourses transport vehicles,
(rubber and plastic
71,3 vehicles, instruments
included)
instruments apparatus
14,9
apparatus 40,4
1,4

mineral
resourses
7,6

Каzakstan today 31
Real sector of economy
The industrial production
The main indicators of industry
1991 2000 2015
GVA of industry in GDP of the
republic, in percents 27,2 32,6 24,7
Volume of industrial production,
bln. tenge 0,2 1 799,3 14 925,2
Index of physical volume of industrial
output, in percents of previous year 96,2 122,1 98,4
Number of industrial enterprises and
industries … 14 326 11 619
Number of personnel of the main
activity of industry, thsd. persons 1 195,21) 653,8 657,3
in percents of previous year 88,51) 97,8 94,7
Average monthly wage of personnel
of the main activity of industry, tenge 170,51) 20 647 176 312
Income (losses) before taxation of
the industry, mln. tenge2) 14 072 358 164 817 100
Profitability (unprofitability) level of
industry, in percents2) 24,4 35,1 5,5
Index of enterprises-producers
prices, in percents of previous year … 138,0 79,5
Investments to the fixed capital,
mln. tenge 23,0 248 468,7 7 024 708,8
1)
1993.
2)
Data was given by large and medium enterprises.

Volume and indexes of physical volume


of industrial production
% bil. tenge
115 20000
18000
110 16000
14000
105 12000
10000
100 8000
6000
95 4000
2000
90 0
2001 2012 2013 2014 2015

bil. tenge as persent of previous

32
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Production and distribution
of electricity, gas and water

1991 2000 2015


Electricity – total, mln. kwh. 85 984 51 635,1 91 645,1
It was produced of them:
thermal power plants, mln. kWh 78 802 44 092,7 73 078,3
hydroelectric power plants,
mln. kWh 7 182 7 531,1 9 269,2
The thermal energy,
thsd. Gkal 126 249 65 503,1 80 792,4
The natural water, mln. cub
meters … 2 068,6 2 751,6

Каzakstan today 33
Agriculture
Agriculture gross output
(service) production
at the current prices; mln. tenge

1991 2000 2015*


Agriculture gross output (service)
production 77,8 404 145,9 3 307 009,6
including:
Gross output of plant-growing 38,6 223 503,3 1 825 236,7
Gross output of animal husbandry 36,6 178 542,8 1 469 923,1
services in the sphere of agriculture 2,6 2 099,8 11 849,8

* Data calculated according to the new «Methodology for calculation of gross output
(services) of agriculture, forestry and fisheries» approved by order of the Chaiman of
the Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of
Kazakhstan from November 9, 2015 №175.

Indexes of physical volume


of gross agricultural output
in percents of previous year

1991 2000 2015*


Indexes of physical volume of gross
production (services) of agriculture 72,6 95,6 103,4
including:
Indexes of physical volume of gross
production plant-growing 55,1 92,0 104,0
Indexes of physical volume of gross
production animal husbandry 98,1 100,0 102,7
Indexes of physical volume of services
in the sphere of agriculture 75,8 67,1 112,0

* Data calculated according to the new «Methodology for calculation of gross output
(services) of agriculture, forestry and fisheries» approved by order of the Chaiman of
the Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of
Kazakhstan from November 9, 2015 №175.

34
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The main indicators
of agricultural production

1991 2000 2015


Refined area under crop
of main crops,
thsd. hectare 34 935,5 16 195,3 21 022,9
of which:
grains 22 752,5 12 438,2 14 982,2
oil crops 303,2 448,2 2 009,7
potato 216,8 160,3 190,6
Gross harvest of
agricultural crops,
thsd. tons
grains 11 991,9 11 565,0 18 673,7
oil crops 154,8 140,1 1 547,5
potato 2 143,2 1 692,6 3 521,0
Yields of agricultural crops,
centners from one hectare
grains 5,3 9,4 12,7
sunflower 4.9 4.0 8,1
potato 99,0 106,0 185,5
Livestock and poultry, thsd.
cattle 9 592,4 4 106,6 6 183,9
sheep and goats 34 555,7 9 981,1 18 015,5
horses 1 666,4 976,0 2 070,3
poultry, mln. 59,9 19,7 35,6
Production of animal
husbandry
Meat manufacture (in
lethal weight), thsd. tons 1 524,4 569,4 931,0
milk, thsd. tons 5 556,9 3 730,2 5 182,4
eggs, mln. pcs 4 075,3 1 692,2 4 737,0
wool, thsd. tons 104,4 22,9 38,0

Каzakstan today 35
Construction

The main indicators


of construction activity
mln. tenge

1999 2000 2015


Volume of the done
construction works 72 298 151 427 2 861 058
including:
construction and installation
works 52 231 89 330 2 530 730
the capital repair 12 743 36 565 201 068
the current repair 2 738 8 781 129 260
Number of contract
construction organizations 2 610 2 967 7 594

Volume of the done


construction work
mln. tenge

1999 2000 2015


Volume of the done
construction works 72 298 151 427 2 861 058
Including by types of
ownership:
the state 3 572 3 831 17 902
the private 56 762 114 239 2 178 059
the foreign 11 964 33 357 665 097

bln. tenge

2667 2861
2439

1069

78

1995 2005 2013 2014 2015

36
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Information about residential
buildings putting into operation
thsd. square meters of total area

1999 2000 2015


The total area of residential buildings
putting into operation 1 105 1 218 8 940
oincluding:
Inin urban area 838 964 6 500
inin rural area 265 254 2 440
At the expense of:
The state enterprises and
organizations 108 132 1 446
in urban area - 131 1 346
in rural area - 1 100
non-state enterprises and
organizations 997 1 086 7 494
in urban area - 833 5 154
in rural area - 253 2 340
the total area of the residential
buildings put ting into operation:
individual developers 843 910 4 400
including:
in urban area 590 658 2 281
in rural area 253 252 2 119
Dwelling houses of total area per
thsd. persons, square metres putting
into operation 74,1 81,9 509,6
The total area of residential
buildings putting into operation
thsd. square meters

8940
7516
6844
4992

1663

1995 2005 2013 2014 2015

Каzakstan today 37
Transport

Freight transportation and freight


turnover by modes of transport
1991 2000 2015
mln. tons
Freights were transported* 2 513,4 1 293,1 3 733,8
including:
railway 328,2 171,8 341,4
motor way* 2 153,6 982,0 3 174,0
inland waterway 11,2 0,5 1.2
sea way - - 2,5
аir way (thsd. tons) 48,7 14,4 17,2
pipeline 20,4 138,8 214.6
bln. ton/km
Freight turnover* 437,2 207,1 546,3
including:
railway 374,2 125,0 267,4
motor way* 44,2 31,0 161,9
inland waterway 3,4 0,04 0,03
sea way - - 1,6
air way (mln. ton/km) 67,4 117,5 42,7
pipeline 15,3 50,9 115,4

* With account taken of assessment of volume of works carried out by individual


entrepreneurs who involve in commercial transportation.

Transport network
1991 2000 2015
Length of the operating length of railway
lines, thsd. km* 14,5 14,5 15,3
Length of Street railways (lines), km 135,5 120,1 105.0
Length of trolleybus ways (lines), km 297,6 366,0 137,8
Length of Main pipelines. thousand km. 3,5 17,7 23,3
Length of Oitrunk pipelines 3,5 6,7 8,0
Length of gas-main pipelines - 10,1 15.3
Length of all exploited routes operated
by navigable inland ways of general
using, thsd. km 4,0 4,4 4.2
Length of motor roads of general using,
thsd. km 86,8 85,9 96,5

* Including roads of other countries on the territory of Kazakhstan.

38
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Presence of motor vehicles
thsd. units

1991 2000 2015


Presence of motor vehicles 1 275,2 1 243,0 4 397,3
including:
passenger cars 849,0 1 000,3 3 856,5
including– individuals have 818,7 963,3 3 641,1
buses 54,0 45,7 97 ,7
including – individuals have … 21,5 56,9
trucks 372,2 197,0 443,2
including– individuals have … 102,7 266,5

Каzakstan today 39
Communication

The main indicators


of communication enterprises
2003 2006 2015
Services volume of post and courier
activity, mln. tenge 5 369,8 9 421,0 28 658,0
volume of services rendered to
population of them 2 053,2 2 660,2 7 712,7
Volume of communication services,
mln. tenge 120 470,1 278 879,5 702 148,0
volume of communication services
rendered to population of them 43 668,1 108 400,5 407 511,8
Services were rendered:
letter mail was sent, mln. units 16,8 46,3 64,6
newspapers and other periodicals,
mln. units 91,0 173,4 185,2
parcels and packages was sent,
mln. units 1,4 2,8 7,9
Number of the sent telegrams,
mln. units 1,2 5,5 2,1
Number of outgoing calls through
long distance telephone, ended by
conversations, mln. units 488,7 870,5 809,1
including international 38,3 68,9 85,5
Number of fixed telephone lines,
thsd. units 2 345,9 2 928,4 4 147,8
including:
urban telephone lines 1 905,5 2 343,4 3 043,8
rural telephone lines 440,4 585,0 1 104,0
number of fixed telephone lines –
number of population who has fixed
telephone lines, thsd. units 2 083,6 2 495,1 3 289,1
Number of subscribers of mobile
communication, thsd. units 1 317,0 7 830,4 26 309,3

40
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Provision of population
with fixed telephone lines
per 100 residents

25,8 25,2
23,6

14,4
13,5

1991 2001 2013 2014 2015

Basic indicators of SMB

20041) 2005 20142)3)


Number of active subjects,
units 447 038 507 365 1 289 807
including:
entities 51 339 53 153 178 576
individual entrepreneurs 247 688 297 234 930 077
Peasant (farm) enterprises 148 011 156 978 181 154
Number of the employed,
persons in active SMB 1 404 900 1 875 526 3 147 046
including:
Legal entities 524 600 799 251 1 452 939
individual entrepreneurs 474 500 571 620 1 407 566
Peasant (farm) enterprises 405 800 504 655 286 541
Production output by
subjects of SMB, mln. tenge 1 142 664 1 544 056 15 858 406
including:
Legal entities 809 626 1 154 106 13 457 558
individual entrepreneurs 155 031 222 994 1 518 238
peasant (farm) enterprises 178 007 166 956 882 610
1)
Data on small business.
2)
Operative data.
3)
In accordance with international practice, in order to implement common
approaches to the formation of indicators of the number of SMEs and to eliminate
inconsistencies with the data of the State Revenue Committee of the Ministry of
Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan, from 1 February 2015, published measure the
number of «active» subjects, instead of «active».

Каzakstan today 41
Culture
Activity of cultural establishments
1995 2000 2015
Number of theatres, units 45 49 64
Number of performances, units 6 739 7 009 12 864
Number of new performances,
units 119 194 337
Number of spectators,
thsd. persons 2 008,6 1 376,5 2 249
Number of Museums, units 87 147 234
Number of visitors, thsd. persons 2 500,0 3 182,0 5 719,9
Number of exhibits of main fund,
thsd. units 1 295,8 1 976,5 2397,2
including:
number of exhibits which were
exhibited during the year 148,2 213,6 400,7
The number of scientific,
universal, and other special
libraries, units 7 352 3 558 4 168
at the beginning of the year types
of publications in Kazakh, Russian
and other languages, thsd. units 99 237,0 79 342,0 117 817,6
including:
in the state language 14 504,0 11 257,0 24131,3
book fund 74 536,0 65 099,0 71 496,0
The number of library users,
thousd. of people 5 795,0 3 357,3 5 036,3
including:
the number of children users in
libraries 1 350,7 898,7 1 543,4
Number of seats in the reading
rooms of libraries, units 53 250 19 896 39 078
Number of zoos, units 3 3 5
Number of visitors to zoos,
thousands of people 340,0 279,0 1226,5
Number of excursions in zoos,
units 330 647 2 517
Number of the organized
exhibitions in zoo, units 75 33 63

42
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Organizations which realize films


1995 2000 2015
Presence of organizations
which realize films, units 394 73 114
Number of cinemas, units 163 47 93
The number of mobile cinema
units, units* 2 050 549 368
Number stationary film
projectors, units
The number of cinema,
thsd. units 322,1 41,8 520
including:
for adults 186,9 17,4 410,6
for children 135,2 24,4 109,3
Number of visitors to the
movies, thousands of people 6 800,0 805,2 11300,5
including:
adults 4 120,8 488,0 8961,1
children 2 679,2 317,2 2339,4

* With account taken of the stationary film projectors.

Каzakstan today 43
Tourism
The main indicators
of accommodation establishments
2000* 2005* 2015
Number of accommodation
establishments, units 159 385 2 338
Number of visitors by types of
tourism, persons 504 645 1 224 618 3 807 666
Entrance tourism 100 211 261 164 692 250
Domestic tourism 404 434 963 454 3 115 416
Bed-days were provided,
bed-days 1 250 649 3 036 486 7 017 070
The available capacity,
bed-places 16 389 33 399 118 355

* With no account taken of individual entrepreneurs.

44
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Representative offices of Kazakhstan abroad

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan


Address: Astana, Kazakhstan, 010000
Kunaev street, 31
Telephone: +7 7172 72 05 18
+7 7172 72 01 11 Duty diplomat
(on holidays and weekends)
Fax: +7 7172 72 05 16
+7 7172 72 01 10 Fax of duty diplomat
(on holidays and weekends)
e-mail: midrk@mfa.kz
kexekshi@mfa.kz Duty diplomat (on holidays and weekends)
Portal http://www. mfa.gov.kz

Embassies, Permanent Representative Offices,


Diplomatic Missions, General Consulates and
Consulates of the Republic of Kazakhstan abroad

72 foreign representative offices abroad


44 Embassies
3 Permanent Representative offices
6 Diplomatic Missions
19 General Consulates and Consulates

State holidays

Name of the holiday Date


New Year January 1-2
International Women’s Day March 8
Nauryz March 21-23
Unity holiday of Kazakhstan People May 1
The Defender Day of Country (Fatherland) May 7
Victory Day May 9
Capital Day July 6
Constitution Day of The Republic of Kazakhstan August 30
The Day of First President December 1
Independence Day (national holiday) December 16-17

Каzakstan today 45
The Brochure «Kazakhstan Today» / Astana 2016

Responsible for the issue:


Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Committee on Statistics
Division of work with users
Tel. +7 7172 749509, 749551, 749295
Head of the division
B.A.Rakhimbekov
Tel. +7 7172 749077

Volume 1.3 printing sheets


Circulation 50 copies

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