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OWNER’S MANUAL

SR400
MOTORCYCLE

Read this manual carefully before oper-


ating this vehicle.

SR400
2RD-28199-E1

2RD-9-E1_hyoshi.indd 1 2015/09/16 13:46:32


EAU46091

Q Read this manual carefully before operating this vehicle. This manual
should stay with this vehicle if it is sold.

2RD-9-E1_hyoshi.indd 2 2015/09/16 13:46:32


2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Introduction
EAU10103

Welcome to the Yamaha world of motorcycling!


As the owner of the SR400, you are benefiting from Yamaha’s vast experience and
newest technology regarding the design and manufacture of high-quality products,
which have earned Yamaha a reputation for dependability.
Please take the time to read this manual thoroughly, so as to enjoy all advantages
of your SR400. The Owner’s Manual does not only instruct you in how to operate,
inspect and maintain your motorcycle, but also in how to safeguard yourself and
others from trouble and injury.
In addition, the many tips given in this manual will help keep your motorcycle in the
best possible condition. If you have any further questions, do not hesitate to con-
tact your Yamaha dealer.
The Yamaha team wishes you many safe and pleasant rides. So, remember to put
safety first!
Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. There-
fore, while this manual contains the most current product information available at
the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle
and this manual. If there is any question concerning this manual, please consult a
Yamaha dealer.
EWA10032

WARNING
Please read this manual carefully and completely before operating this mo-
torcycle.
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Important manual information


EAU63350

Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following


notations:

This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to


alert you to potential personal injury hazards.
Obey all safety messages that follow this
symbol to avoid possible injury or death.

A WARNING indicates a hazardous situation


WARNING which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.

A NOTICE indicates special precautions that


NOTICE must be taken to avoid damage to the vehicle
or other property.

A TIP provides key information to make proce-


TIP
dures easier or clearer.
*Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.

EAU10201

SR400
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2015 by Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
1st edition, August 2015
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Table of contents
Safety information ............................ 1-1 Periodic maintenance and
adjustment ........................................ 6-1
Description ........................................ 2-1 Owner’s tool kit ............................... 6-2
Left view .......................................... 2-1 Periodic maintenance chart for the
Right view........................................ 2-2 emission control system .............. 6-3
Controls and instruments ................ 2-3 General maintenance and
lubrication chart ........................... 6-4
Instrument and control functions ... 3-1 Removing and installing the
Main switch/steering lock ................ 3-1 panel............................................ 6-7
Indicator lights and warning lights ... 3-2 Checking the spark plug ................. 6-8
Speedometer unit ............................ 3-3 Engine oil and oil filter element ....... 6-9
Tachometer ..................................... 3-4 Replacing the air filter element ..... 6-13
Handlebar switches ......................... 3-4 Checking the engine idling
Clutch lever ..................................... 3-6 speed......................................... 6-14
Shift pedal ....................................... 3-6 Checking the throttle grip free
Brake lever ...................................... 3-7 play ............................................ 6-14
Brake pedal ..................................... 3-7 Valve clearance ............................ 6-15
Fuel tank cap...................................3-8 Tires .............................................. 6-15
Fuel .................................................3-9 Spoke wheels................................ 6-17
Fuel tank breather/overflow Adjusting the clutch lever free
hose ........................................... 3-10 play ............................................ 6-18
Catalytic converter......................... 3-11 Adjusting the brake lever free
Fuel cock ....................................... 3-11 play ............................................ 6-19
Kickstarter ..................................... 3-12 Adjusting the brake pedal height
Decompression lever..................... 3-12 and free play.............................. 6-20
Seat ...............................................3-13 Checking the shift pedal................ 6-21
Adjusting the shock absorber Brake light switches ...................... 6-22
assemblies .................................3-13 Checking the front brake pads
Sidestand ...................................... 3-14 and rear brake shoes ................ 6-22
Ignition circuit cut-off system ......... 3-15 Checking the brake fluid level ....... 6-23
Changing the brake fluid .............. 6-24
For your safety – pre-operation Drive chain slack........................... 6-25
checks................................................ 4-1 Cleaning and lubricating the drive
chain .......................................... 6-26
Operation and important riding Checking and lubricating the
points .................................................5-1 cables ........................................ 6-27
Starting the engine .......................... 5-2 Checking and lubricating the
Starting trouble ................................ 5-3 throttle grip and cable ................ 6-27
Shifting ............................................ 5-3 Checking and lubricating the
Tips for reducing fuel brake and clutch levers.............. 6-28
consumption................................. 5-5 Checking and lubricating the
Engine break-in ............................... 5-5 brake pedal................................ 6-28
Parking ............................................ 5-6 Checking and lubricating the
centerstand and sidestand ........ 6-29
Lubricating the swingarm pivots.... 6-29
Checking the front fork.................. 6-30
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Table of contents
Checking the steering....................6-30
Checking the wheel bearings ........6-31
Battery ...........................................6-31
Replacing the fuses .......................6-33
Replacing the headlight bulb .........6-35
Replacing the auxiliary light
bulb ...........................................6-36
Replacing the tail/brake light
bulb ............................................6-37
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb ............................................6-38
Front wheel....................................6-39
Rear wheel ....................................6-40
Troubleshooting.............................6-42
Troubleshooting chart....................6-43

Motorcycle care and storage ...........7-1


Matte color caution ..........................7-1
Care.................................................7-1
Storage ............................................7-4

Specifications....................................8-1

Consumer information .....................9-1


Identification numbers .....................9-1

Index.................................................10-1
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Safety information
EAU1028B
for a list of pre-operation checks.
 This motorcycle is designed to car-
ry the operator and a passenger.
Be a Responsible Owner  The failure of motorists to detect
As the vehicle’s owner, you are respon- and recognize motorcycles in traf- 1
sible for the safe and proper operation fic is the predominating cause of
of your motorcycle. automobile/motorcycle accidents.
Motorcycles are single-track vehicles. 2
Many accidents have been caused
Their safe use and operation are de- by an automobile driver who did
pendent upon the use of proper riding not see the motorcycle. Making
techniques as well as the expertise of 3
yourself conspicuous appears to
the operator. Every operator should be very effective in reducing the
know the following requirements before chance of this type of accident. 4
riding this motorcycle. Therefore:
He or she should: • Wear a brightly colored jacket.
 Obtain thorough instructions from • Use extra caution when you are 5
a competent source on all aspects approaching and passing
of motorcycle operation. through intersections, since in-
 Observe the warnings and mainte- tersections are the most likely 6
nance requirements in this Own- places for motorcycle accidents
er’s Manual. to occur.
 Obtain qualified training in safe • Ride where other motorists can 7
and proper riding techniques. see you. Avoid riding in another
 Obtain professional technical ser- motorist’s blind spot.
vice as indicated in this Owner’s 8
• Never maintain a motorcycle
Manual and/or when made neces- without proper knowledge. Con-
sary by mechanical conditions. tact an authorized motorcycle
 Never operate a motorcycle with- 9
dealer to inform you on basic
out proper training or instruction. motorcycle maintenance. Cer-
Take a training course. Beginners tain maintenance can only be 10
should receive training from a cer- carried out by certified staff.
tified instructor. Contact an autho-  Many accidents involve inexperi-
rized motorcycle dealer to find out enced operators. In fact, many op- 11
about the training courses nearest erators who have been involved in
you. accidents do not even have a cur-
rent motorcycle license. 12
Safe Riding • Make sure that you are qualified
Perform the pre-operation checks each and that you only lend your mo-
time you use the vehicle to make sure it torcycle to other qualified opera- 13
is in safe operating condition. Failure to tors.
inspect or maintain the vehicle properly • Know your skills and limits.
increases the possibility of an accident 14
Staying within your limits may
or equipment damage. See page 4-1
1-1
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Safety information
help you to avoid an accident. Protective Apparel
• We recommend that you prac- The majority of fatalities from motorcy-
tice riding your motorcycle cle accidents are the result of head in-
where there is no traffic until you juries. The use of a safety helmet is the
1 have become thoroughly famil- single most critical factor in the preven-
iar with the motorcycle and all of tion or reduction of head injuries.
its controls.  Always wear an approved helmet.
2
 Many accidents have been caused  Wear a face shield or goggles.
by error of the motorcycle opera- Wind in your unprotected eyes
3 tor. A typical error made by the op- could contribute to an impairment
erator is veering wide on a turn due of vision that could delay seeing a
to excessive speed or undercor- hazard.
4 nering (insufficient lean angle for  The use of a jacket, heavy boots,
the speed). trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in
• Always obey the speed limit and preventing or reducing abrasions
5 never travel faster than warrant- or lacerations.
ed by road and traffic conditions.  Never wear loose-fitting clothes,
• Always signal before turning or otherwise they could catch on the
6 changing lanes. Make sure that control levers, footrests, or wheels
other motorists can see you. and cause injury or an accident.
 The posture of the operator and  Always wear protective clothing
7 passenger is important for proper that covers your legs, ankles, and
control. feet. The engine or exhaust sys-
• The operator should keep both tem become very hot during or af-
8
hands on the handlebar and ter operation and can cause burns.
both feet on the operator foot-  A passenger should also observe
9 rests during operation to main- the above precautions.
tain control of the motorcycle.
• The passenger should always Avoid Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
10 hold onto the operator, the seat All engine exhaust contains carbon
strap or grab bar, if equipped, monoxide, a deadly gas. Breathing car-
with both hands and keep both bon monoxide can cause headaches,
11 feet on the passenger footrests. dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, confu-
Never carry a passenger unless sion, and eventually death.
he or she can firmly place both Carbon Monoxide is a colorless, odor-
12 feet on the passenger footrests. less, tasteless gas which may be pres-
 Never ride under the influence of ent even if you do not see or smell any
alcohol or other drugs. engine exhaust. Deadly levels of car-
13  This motorcycle is designed for on- bon monoxide can collect rapidly and
road use only. It is not suitable for you can quickly be overcome and un-
off-road use. able to save yourself. Also, deadly lev-
14
els of carbon monoxide can linger for

1-2
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Safety information
hours or days in enclosed or poorly When loading within this weight limit,
ventilated areas. If you experience any keep the following in mind:
symptoms of carbon monoxide poison-  Cargo and accessory weight
ing, leave the area immediately, get should be kept as low and close to
fresh air, and SEEK MEDICAL TREAT- the motorcycle as possible. Se- 1
MENT. curely pack your heaviest items as
 Do not run engine indoors. Even if close to the center of the vehicle as
2
you try to ventilate engine exhaust possible and make sure to distrib-
with fans or open windows and ute the weight as evenly as possi-
doors, carbon monoxide can rap- ble on both sides of the motorcycle 3
idly reach dangerous levels. to minimize imbalance or instabili-
 Do not run engine in poorly venti- ty.
lated or partially enclosed areas  Shifting weights can create a sud- 4
such as barns, garages, or car- den imbalance. Make sure that ac-
ports. cessories and cargo are securely
 Do not run engine outdoors where attached to the motorcycle before 5
engine exhaust can be drawn into riding. Check accessory mounts
a building through openings such and cargo restraints frequently.
as windows and doors. • Properly adjust the suspension 6
for your load (suspension-ad-
Loading justable models only), and
Adding accessories or cargo to your check the condition and pres- 7
motorcycle can adversely affect stabili- sure of your tires.
ty and handling if the weight distribution • Never attach any large or heavy
8
of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid items to the handlebar, front
the possibility of an accident, use ex- fork, or front fender. These
treme caution when adding cargo or items, including such cargo as 9
accessories to your motorcycle. Use sleeping bags, duffel bags, or
extra care when riding a motorcycle tents, can create unstable han-
that has added cargo or accessories. dling or a slow steering re- 10
Here, along with the information about sponse.
accessories below, are some general  This vehicle is not designed to
guidelines to follow if loading cargo to pull a trailer or to be attached to 11
your motorcycle: a sidecar.
The total weight of the operator, pas-
senger, accessories and cargo must Genuine Yamaha Accessories 12
not exceed the maximum load limit. Choosing accessories for your vehicle
Operation of an overloaded vehicle is an important decision. Genuine
could cause an accident. Yamaha accessories, which are avail- 13
able only from a Yamaha dealer, have
Maximum load: been designed, tested, and approved
150 kg (331 lb) 14
by Yamaha for use on your vehicle.

1-3
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Safety information
Many companies with no connection to • Accessories fitted to the handle-
Yamaha manufacture parts and acces- bar or the front fork area can cre-
sories or offer other modifications for ate instability due to improper
Yamaha vehicles. Yamaha is not in a weight distribution or aerody-
1 position to test the products that these namic changes. If accessories
aftermarket companies produce. are added to the handlebar or
Therefore, Yamaha can neither en- front fork area, they must be as
2
dorse nor recommend the use of ac- lightweight as possible and
cessories not sold by Yamaha or should be kept to a minimum.
3 modifications not specifically recom- • Bulky or large accessories may
mended by Yamaha, even if sold and seriously affect the stability of
installed by a Yamaha dealer. the motorcycle due to aerody-
4 namic effects. Wind may at-
Aftermarket Parts, Accessories, tempt to lift the motorcycle, or
and Modifications the motorcycle may become un-
5 While you may find aftermarket prod- stable in cross winds. These ac-
ucts similar in design and quality to cessories may also cause
genuine Yamaha accessories, recog- instability when passing or being
6 nize that some aftermarket accessories passed by large vehicles.
or modifications are not suitable be- • Certain accessories can dis-
cause of potential safety hazards to you place the operator from his or
7 or others. Installing aftermarket prod- her normal riding position. This
ucts or having other modifications per- improper position limits the free-
formed to your vehicle that change any dom of movement of the opera-
8
of the vehicle’s design or operation tor and may limit control ability,
characteristics can put you and others therefore, such accessories are
9 at greater risk of serious injury or death. not recommended.
You are responsible for injuries related  Use caution when adding electrical
to changes in the vehicle. accessories. If electrical accesso-
10 Keep the following guidelines in mind, ries exceed the capacity of the mo-
as well as those provided under “Load- torcycle’s electrical system, an
ing” when mounting accessories. electric failure could result, which
11  Never install accessories or carry could cause a dangerous loss of
cargo that would impair the perfor- lights or engine power.
mance of your motorcycle. Care-
12 fully inspect the accessory before Aftermarket Tires and Rims
using it to make sure that it does The tires and rims that came with your
not in any way reduce ground motorcycle were designed to match the
13 clearance or cornering clearance, performance capabilities and to provide
limit suspension travel, steering the best combination of handling, brak-
travel or control operation, or ob- ing, and comfort. Other tires, rims, siz-
14
scure lights or reflectors. es, and combinations may not be

1-4
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Safety information
appropriate. Refer to page 6-15 for tire
specifications and more information on
replacing your tires.

Transporting the Motorcycle 1


Be sure to observe following instruc-
tions before transporting the motorcy-
2
cle in another vehicle.
 Remove all loose items from the
motorcycle. 3
 Check that the fuel cock (if
equipped) is in the “OFF” position
and that there are no fuel leaks. 4
 Point the front wheel straight
ahead on the trailer or in the truck
bed, and choke it in a rail to pre- 5
vent movement.
 Shift the transmission in gear (for
models with a manual transmis- 6
sion).
 Secure the motorcycle with tie-
downs or suitable straps that are 7
attached to solid parts of the mo-
torcycle, such as the frame or up-
8
per front fork triple clamp (and not,
for example, to rubber-mounted
handlebars or turn signals, or parts 9
that could break). Choose the lo-
cation for the straps carefully so
the straps will not rub against 10
painted surfaces during transport.
 The suspension should be com-
pressed somewhat by the tie- 11
downs, if possible, so that the mo-
torcycle will not bounce excessive-
ly during transport. 12

13

14

1-5
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Description
EAU63371

Left view
1, 2 3 4 5, 6
1

8 7
7 1. Engine oil dipstick (page 6-9)
2. Engine oil filler cap (page 6-9)
3. Fuel tank cap (page 3-8)
8 4. Fuel cock (page 3-11)
5. Battery (page 6-31)
6. Fuse (page 6-33)
9 7. Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-13)
8. Shift pedal (page 3-6)

10

11

12

13

14

2-1
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Description
EAU63391

Right view
1 2 3 4
1

7 6 5
1. Air filter element (page 6-13) 7
2. Kickstarter (page 3-12)
3. Kick indicator (page 5-2)
4. Headlight (page 6-35) 8
5. Brake pedal (page 3-7)
6. Owner’s tool kit (page 6-2)
7. Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-13) 9

10

11

12

13

14

2-2
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Description
EAU63401

Controls and instruments

1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

6
10 9

7 1. Clutch lever (page 3-6)


2. Left handlebar switches (page 3-4)
3. Speedometer unit (page 3-3)
8 4. Main switch/steering lock (page 3-1)
5. Tachometer (page 3-4)
6. Front brake fluid reservoir (page 6-23)
9 7. Right handlebar switches (page 3-4)
8. Brake lever (page 3-7)
9. Throttle grip (page 6-14)
10 10.Decompression lever (page 3-12)

11

12

13

14

2-3
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU10462 EAU10687

Main switch/steering lock LOCK


The steering is locked and all electrical
ON systems are off. The key can be re-
OFF
moved. 1

To lock the steering


2
1 2
LOCK
3
P
The main switch/steering lock controls
the ignition and lighting systems, and is 4
used to lock the steering. The various
positions are described below.
5
EAU45111
1. Push.
ON 2. Turn.
All electrical circuits are supplied with 6
power, and the meter lighting and tail- 1. Turn the handlebars all the way to
light come on, and the engine can be the left.
started. The key cannot be removed. 2. With the key in the “OFF” position, 7
push the key in and turn it to
TIP “LOCK”.
The headlight comes on automatically 3. Remove the key. 8
when the engine is started and stays on
until the key is turned to “OFF”, even if TIP
the engine stalls. If the steering will not lock, try turning 9
the handlebars back to the right slightly.
EAU10662
OFF To unlock the steering 10
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed. 1 2
EWA10062
11
WARNING
Never turn the key to “OFF” or
“LOCK” while the vehicle is moving. 12
Otherwise the electrical systems will
be switched off, which may result in
13
loss of control or an accident.

1. Push.
2. Turn. 14

3-1
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Instrument and control functions


1. Insert the key. EAU49398

2. With the key in the “LOCK” posi- Indicator lights and warning
tion, push the key in and turn it to lights
“OFF”.
1
EAU59680
(Parking)
2 The hazard lights and turn signal lights
can be turned on, but all other electrical
systems are off. The key can be re-
3 moved.
The steering must be locked before the 1 2 345
key can be turned to “ ”.
4 ECA20760 1. Engine trouble warning light “ ”
NOTICE 2. Fuel level warning light “ ”
3. Neutral indicator light “ ”
Using the hazard or turn signal
5 4. High beam indicator light “ ”
lights for an extended length of time 5. Turn signal indicator light “ ”
may cause the battery to discharge.
6 EAU11022
Turn signal indicator light “ ”
This indicator light flashes when a turn
7 signal light is flashing.

EAU11061
Neutral indicator light “ ”
8 This indicator light comes on when the
transmission is in the neutral position.
9 EAU11081
High beam indicator light “ ”
This indicator light comes on when the
10 high beam of the headlight is switched
on.
11 EAU11354
Fuel level warning light “ ”
This warning light comes on when the
12 fuel level drops below approximately
2.2 L (0.58 US gal, 0.48 Imp.gal). When
this occurs, refuel as soon as possible.
13 The electrical circuit of the warning light
can be checked by turning the key to
“ON”. The warning light should come
14 on for a few seconds, and then go off.

3-2
2RD-28199-E1.book 3 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


If the warning light does not come on EAU11631

initially when the key is turned to “ON”, Speedometer unit


or if the warning light remains on, have
1 2 3 4
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical
circuit. 1

EAU11486
Engine trouble warning light “ ” 2
This warning light comes on if a prob-
lem is detected in the electrical circuit
monitoring the engine. If this occurs, 3
have a Yamaha dealer check the vehi-
1. Reset knob
cle.
The electrical circuit of the warning light
2. Speedometer 4
3. Odometer
can be checked by turning the key to 4. Tripmeter
“ON”. The warning light should come
The speedometer unit is equipped with 5
on for a few seconds, and then go off.
If the warning light does not come on a speedometer, an odometer and a
initially when the key is turned to “ON”, tripmeter. The speedometer shows rid-
6
or if the warning light remains on, have ing speed. The odometer shows the to-
a Yamaha dealer check the electrical tal distance traveled. The tripmeter
circuit. shows the distance traveled since it 7
was last set to zero with the reset knob.
The tripmeter can be used to estimate
the distance that can be traveled with a 8
full tank of fuel. This information will en-
able you to plan future fuel stops.
9

10

11

12

13

14

3-3
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Instrument and control functions


EAU11882 EAU1234H

Tachometer Handlebar switches


1 Left
1
1

2
2

3 2

1. Tachometer
4 2. Tachometer red zone 1. Dimmer switch “ / ”
The tachometer allows the rider to 2. Pass switch “ ”
monitor the engine speed and keep it Left
5
within the ideal power range.
ECA10032

NOTICE
6
Do not operate the engine in the ta-
chometer red zone.
1
7 Red zone: 7000 r/min and above
2

8
1. Turn signal switch “ / ”
2. Horn switch “ ”
9
Right

10
1
11

12 2

13 1. Engine stop switch “ / ”


2. Hazard switch “ / ”

14

3-4
2RD-28199-E1.book 5 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU12352 ECA10062
Pass switch “ ” NOTICE
Press this switch to flash the headlight.
Do not use the hazard lights for an
TIP extended length of time with the en-
gine not running, otherwise the bat- 1
When the dimmer switch is set to “ ”,
the passing switch has no effect. tery may discharge.
2
EAU12401
Dimmer switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” for the high 3
beam and to “ ” for the low beam.

Turn signal switch “ / ”


EAU12461
4
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to “ ”. To signal a left-hand
5
turn, push this switch to “ ”. When re-
leased, the switch returns to the center
position. To cancel the turn signal 6
lights, push the switch in after it has re-
turned to the center position.
7
EAU12501
Horn switch “ ”
Press this switch to sound the horn.
8
EAU12661
Engine stop switch “ / ”
Set this switch to “ ” before starting 9
the engine. Set this switch to “ ” to
stop the engine in case of an emergen-
cy, such as when the vehicle overturns 10
or when the throttle cable is stuck.

EAU12735
11
Hazard switch “ ”
With the key in the “ON” or “ ” posi-
tion, use this switch to turn on the haz- 12
ard lights (simultaneous flashing of all
turn signal lights).
The hazard lights are used in case of 13
an emergency or to warn other drivers
when your vehicle is stopped where it
14
might be a traffic hazard.

3-5
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Instrument and control functions


EAU12822 EAU12872

Clutch lever Shift pedal

1 1

3 1
1. Clutch lever 1. Shift pedal
4 The clutch lever is located on the left The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the handlebar. To disengage the side of the motorcycle and is used in
clutch, pull the lever toward the handle- combination with the clutch lever when
5
bar grip. To engage the clutch, release shifting the gears of the 5-speed con-
the lever. The lever should be pulled stant-mesh transmission equipped on
6 rapidly and released slowly for smooth this motorcycle.
clutch operation.
The clutch lever is equipped with a
7 clutch switch, which is part of the igni-
tion circuit cut-off system. (See page
3-15.)
8

10

11

12

13

14

3-6
2RD-28199-E1.book 7 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU12892 EAU12944

Brake lever Brake pedal


1
1
1

1. Brake lever 1. Brake pedal

The brake lever is located on the right The brake pedal is located on the right 4
side of the handlebar. To apply the front side of the motorcycle. To apply the
brake, pull the lever toward the throttle rear brake, press down on the brake
5
grip. pedal.

10

11

12

13

14

3-7
2RD-28199-E1.book 8 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU13125

Fuel tank cap TIP


The fuel tank cap cannot be installed
To remove the fuel tank cap unless the key is in the lock. In addition,
1 the key cannot be removed if the cap is
not properly installed and locked.
1 EWA10132

2 WARNING
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
2 properly installed before riding.
3
Leaking fuel is a fire hazard.

4
1. Unlock.
2. Fuel tank cap lock cover
5
Slide the fuel tank cap lock cover open,
insert the key into the lock, and then
6 turn it 1/4 turn clockwise. The lock will
be released and the fuel tank cap can
be removed.
7
To install the fuel tank cap
1. Insert the fuel tank cap into the
8 tank opening with the key inserted
in the lock and with the “ ” mark
facing forward.
9
1
10
2
11

12
1. “ ” mark
2. Fuel tank cap lock cover
13
2. Turn the key counterclockwise to
the original position, remove it, and
14 then close the lock cover.

3-8
2RD-28199-E1.book 9 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU13222
off spilled fuel with a clean, dry,
Fuel soft cloth, since fuel may deteri-
Make sure there is sufficient gasoline in orate painted surfaces or plastic
the tank. parts.[ECA10072]
EWA10882
4. Be sure to securely close the fuel 1
WARNING
tank cap.
Gasoline and gasoline vapors are EWA15152

extremely flammable. To avoid fires WARNING 2


and explosions and to reduce the Gasoline is poisonous and can
risk of injury when refueling, follow cause injury or death. Handle gaso-
these instructions. 3
line with care. Never siphon gaso-
1. Before refueling, turn off the en- line by mouth. If you should swallow
gine and be sure that no one is sit- some gasoline or inhale a lot of gas- 4
ting on the vehicle. Never refuel oline vapor, or get some gasoline in
while smoking, or while in the vicin- your eyes, see your doctor immedi-
ity of sparks, open flames, or other ately. If gasoline spills on your skin, 5
sources of ignition such as the pilot wash with soap and water. If gaso-
lights of water heaters and clothes line spills on your clothing, change
dryers. your clothes. 6
2. Do not overfill the fuel tank. When
refueling, be sure to insert the
7
EAU57691

pump nozzle into the fuel tank filler


hole. Stop filling when the fuel
Recommended fuel:
reaches the bottom of the filler Regular unleaded gasoline (Gasohol 8
tube. Because fuel expands when [E10] acceptable)
it heats up, heat from the engine or Fuel tank capacity:
the sun can cause fuel to spill out 12 L (3.2 US gal, 2.6 Imp.gal) 9
of the fuel tank. Fuel reserve amount (when the fuel
level warning light comes on):
2.2 L (0.58 US gal, 0.48 Imp.gal)
1 2 10
ECA11401

NOTICE
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use 11
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
damage to internal engine parts,
12
such as the valves and piston rings,
as well as to the exhaust system.
1. Maximum fuel level Your Yamaha engine has been de- 13
2. Fuel tank filler tube signed to use regular unleaded gaso-
3. Wipe up any spilled fuel immedi- line with a research octane number of
14
ately. NOTICE: Immediately wipe 95 or higher. If knocking (or pinging) oc-

3-9
2RD-28199-E1.book 10 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


curs, use a gasoline of a different brand EAU39453

or premium unleaded fuel. Use of un- Fuel tank breather/overflow


leaded fuel will extend spark plug life hose
and reduce maintenance costs.
1
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gaso-
2
hol containing ethanol and that contain-
ing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if the ethanol con- 1
3
tent does not exceed 10% (E10). Gas-
ohol containing methanol is not
4 recommended by Yamaha because it 1. Fuel tank breather/overflow hose
can cause damage to the fuel system
or vehicle performance problems. Before operating the motorcycle:
5  Check the fuel tank breather/over-
flow hose connection.
 Check the fuel tank breather/over-
6 flow hose for cracks or damage,
and replace it if necessary.
 Make sure that the end of the fuel
7 tank breather/overflow hose is not
blocked, and clean it if necessary.

10

11

12

13

14

3-10
2RD-28199-E1.book 11 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU13434 EAU59491

Catalytic converter Fuel cock


This model is equipped with a catalytic The fuel cock regulates and filters the
converter in the exhaust system. fuel supply from the fuel tank.
EWA10863
The fuel cock has two positions: 1
WARNING
The exhaust system is hot after op- ON
eration. To prevent a fire hazard or 2
burns:
 Do not park the vehicle near
possible fire hazards such as 3
grass or other materials that
easily burn.
4
 Park the vehicle in a place
where pedestrians or children 1
are not likely to touch the hot 5
exhaust system. 1. Arrow mark positioned over “ON”
 Make sure that the exhaust sys-
tem has cooled down before do- With the lever in this position, fuel will 6
ing any maintenance work. be supplied to the engine. Normal oper-
 Do not allow the engine to idle ation is done with the lever in this posi-
more than a few minutes. Long tion. 7
idling can cause a build-up of
heat. OFF
ECA10702
8
NOTICE
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use 9
of leaded gasoline will cause unre-
pairable damage to the catalytic
converter. 1 10

11
1. Arrow mark positioned over “OFF”

With the lever in this position, fuel will 12


not flow. Use this lever position when
performing certain maintenance work
or when storing the vehicle for a pro- 13
longed time.

14

3-11
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Instrument and control functions


EAU13651 EAU13701

Kickstarter Decompression lever

3 1 1
1. Kickstarter 1. Decompression lever
4 To start the engine, fold out the kick- When this lever is pulled, the exhaust
starter lever, move it down lightly with valve is forced open so that the com-
your foot until the gears engage, and pression pressure can be reduced.
5
then push it down smoothly but force- This allows the piston to be moved just
fully. This model is equipped with a pri- past the compression stroke before
6 mary kickstarter, allowing the engine to kick starting. (See page 5-2.)
be started in any gear if the clutch is
disengaged. However, shifting the
7 transmission into the neutral position
before starting is recommended.

10

11

12

13

14

3-12
2RD-28199-E1.book 13 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU13962 EAU14883

Seat Adjusting the shock absorber


assemblies
To remove the seat EWA10211

Remove the bolts, and then pull the WARNING 1


seat off. Always adjust both shock absorber
assemblies equally, otherwise poor
handling and loss of stability may 2
result.
Each shock absorber assembly is 3
1 equipped with a spring preload adjust-
1
ing ring.
ECA10102 4
NOTICE
To avoid damaging the mechanism,
1. Bolt do not attempt to turn beyond the 5
maximum or minimum settings.
To install the seat
1. Insert the projections on the front Adjust the spring preload as follows. 6
of the seat into the seat holders as To increase the spring preload and
shown. thereby harden the suspension, turn
the adjusting ring on each shock ab- 7
2 sorber assembly in direction (a). To de-
crease the spring preload and thereby
1 8
soften the suspension, turn the adjust-
ing ring on each shock absorber as-
sembly in direction (b).
9
Align the appropriate notch in the ad-
justing ring with the position indicator
on the shock absorber. 10
1. Seat holder
2. Projection
1
11
2. Place the seat in the original posi-
1
tion, and then tighten the bolts. (a) 2
(b) 3 12
TIP 4
5
Make sure that the seat is properly se-
cured before riding. 13
1. Spring preload adjusting ring
14

3-13
2RD-28199-E1.book 14 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU15306
Spring preload setting: Sidestand
Minimum (soft):
1 The sidestand is located on the left side
Standard: of the frame. Raise the sidestand or
1 1 lower it with your foot while holding the
Maximum (hard): vehicle upright.
5
2 TIP
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
the ignition circuit cut-off system, which
3 cuts the ignition in certain situations.
(See the following section for an expla-
nation of the ignition circuit cut-off sys-
4 tem.)
EWA10242

WARNING
5
The vehicle must not be ridden with
the sidestand down, or if the sides-
6 tand cannot be properly moved up
(or does not stay up), otherwise the
sidestand could contact the ground
7 and distract the operator, resulting
in a possible loss of control.
Yamaha’s ignition circuit cut-off
8 system has been designed to assist
the operator in fulfilling the respon-
sibility of raising the sidestand be-
9
fore starting off. Therefore, check
this system regularly and have a
10 Yamaha dealer repair it if it does not
function properly.

11

12

13

14

3-14
2RD-28199-E1.book 15 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions


EAU66820

Ignition circuit cut-off system


The ignition circuit cut-off system (com-
prising the sidestand switch, clutch
switch and neutral switch) has the fol- 1
lowing functions.
 It prevents starting when the trans-
mission is in gear and the sides- 2
tand is up, but the clutch lever is
not pulled.
 It prevents starting when the trans- 3
mission is in gear and the clutch le-
ver is pulled, but the sidestand is
4
still down.
 It cuts the running engine when the
transmission is in gear and the sid- 5
estand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of the
ignition circuit cut-off system according 6
to the following procedure.

10

11

12

13

14

3-15
2RD-28199-E1.book 16 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Instrument and control functions

With the engine turned off: WARNING


1. Move the sidestand down. • The vehicle must be placed on the
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch centerstand during this inspection.
1 is set to “ ”. • If a malfunction is noted, have a
3. Turn the key on. Yamaha dealer check the system
4. Shift the transmission into the neutral before riding.
2 position.
5. Push the kick starter lever down.
Does the engine start?
3 The neutral switch may not be working
YES NO correctly.
The motorcycle should not be ridden
4 until checked by a Yamaha dealer.

With the engine still running:


5 6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
8. Shift the transmission into gear.
6 9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?

7 The sidestand switch may not be


YES NO working correctly.
The motorcycle should not be ridden
8 until checked by a Yamaha dealer.

After the engine has stalled:


10. Move the sidestand up.
9 11. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
12. Push the kick starter lever down.
Does the engine start?
10
The clutch switch may not be working
YES NO correctly.
11 The motorcycle should not be ridden
until checked by a Yamaha dealer.

12 The system is OK. The motorcycle can


be ridden.

13

14

3-16
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

For your safety – pre-operation checks


EAU63440

Inspect your vehicle each time you use it to make sure the vehicle is in safe oper-
ating condition. Always follow the inspection and maintenance procedures and
schedules described in the Owner’s Manual. 1
EWA11152

WARNING
Failure to inspect or maintain the vehicle properly increases the possibility 2
of an accident or equipment damage. Do not operate the vehicle if you find
any problem. If a problem cannot be corrected by the procedures provided
in this manual, have the vehicle inspected by a Yamaha dealer. 3

Before using this vehicle, check the following points:


ITEM CHECKS PAGE 4
• Check fuel level in fuel tank.
• Refuel if necessary.
Fuel • Check fuel line for leakage. 3-9, 3-10 5
• Check fuel tank breather hose for obstructions, cracks or
damage, and check hose connection.
• Check oil level in oil tank. 6
Engine oil • If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level. 6-9
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
• Check operation. 7
• If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic
system.
• Check lever free play.
• Adjust if necessary.
6-19, 8
Front brake 6-22,
• Check brake pads for wear.
6-23
• Replace if necessary.
• Check fluid level in reservoir.
• If necessary, add specified brake fluid to specified level. 9
• Check hydraulic system for leakage.
• Check operation.
Rear brake • Check pedal free play.
6-20, 10
6-22
• Adjust if necessary.
• Check operation.
Clutch
• Lubricate cable if necessary.
6-18 11
• Check lever free play.
• Adjust if necessary.
• Make sure that operation is smooth. 12
• Check throttle grip free play. 6-14,
Throttle grip
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust throttle grip 6-27
free play and lubricate cable and grip housing.
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
13
Control cables 6-27
• Lubricate if necessary.

14

4-1
2RD-28199-E1.book 2 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

For your safety – pre-operation checks


ITEM CHECKS PAGE
• Check chain slack.
• Adjust if necessary. 6-25,
Drive chain
• Check chain condition. 6-26
1 • Lubricate if necessary.
• Check for damage.
• Check tire condition and tread depth. 6-15,
Wheels and tires
2 • Check air pressure. 6-17
• Correct if necessary.
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
Shift pedal 6-21
3 • Correct if necessary.
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
Brake pedal 6-28
• Lubricate pedal pivoting point if necessary.
4 Brake and clutch • Make sure that operation is smooth.
6-28
levers • Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
Centerstand, sidestand 6-29
5 • Lubricate pivots if necessary.
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly
Chassis fasteners tightened. —
6 • Tighten if necessary.
Instruments, lights, • Check operation.

signals and switches • Correct if necessary.
7 • Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
Sidestand switch • If system is not working correctly, have Yamaha dealer 3-14
check vehicle.
8

10

11

12

13

14

4-2
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Operation and important riding points


EAU15952 EAU59360

Read the Owner’s Manual carefully to TIP


become familiar with all controls. If This model is equipped with:
there is a control or function you do not 1
 a lean angle sensor to stop the en-
understand, ask your Yamaha dealer. gine in case of a turnover. In this
EWA10272

WARNING case, turn the key to “OFF” and 2


then to “ON”. Failing to do so will
Failure to familiarize yourself with prevent the engine from starting
the controls can lead to loss of con- even though the engine will crank
trol, which could cause an accident 3
when pushing the kick starter lever
or injury. down.
 an engine auto-stop system. The 4
engine stops automatically if left
idling for 20 minutes. If the engine
stops, simply push the kick starter 5
lever down to restart the engine.

10

11

12

13

14

5-1
2RD-28199-E1.book 2 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Operation and important riding points


EAU59532

Starting the engine


In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
system (page 3-15) to enable starting, 1 2
1 one of the following conditions must be
met:
 The transmission is in the neutral
2 position.
 The transmission is in gear with
the clutch lever pulled and the sid-
3 estand up. 1. Starting mark
1. Turn the fuel cock lever to “ON”. 2. Kick indicator
2. Turn the key to “ON” and set the 6. Release the decompression lever,
4
engine stop switch to “ ”. release the kickstarter lever, and
The engine trouble warning light then push the kickstarter lever
5 and fuel level warning light should down forcefully to start the engine.
come on for a few seconds, then ECA11043

go off. NOTICE
6
ECA23270
For maximum engine life, never ac-
NOTICE
celerate hard when the engine is
If a warning light does not come on cold!
7 initially when the key is turned to
“ON”, or if a warning light remains
on, see page 3-2 for the correspond-
8 ing warning light circuit check.
3. Shift the transmission into the neu-
9 tral position. The neutral indicator
light should come on. If not, ask a
Yamaha dealer to check the elec-
10 trical circuit.
4. Completely close the throttle and
apply the decompression lever.
11 5. Slowly push the kickstarter lever
down until the starting mark shows
on the kick indicator.
12

13

14

5-2
2RD-28199-E1.book 3 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Operation and important riding points


EAU59470 EAU16673

Starting trouble Shifting


If the engine fails to start after 4 to 5
kicks, clear out the combustion cham-
ber with the following procedure. 5 1
1. Turn the key to “OFF”. 4
2. While applying the decompression 3
lever, fully open the throttle grip 2 2
N
and push the kickstarter lever
down 4 to 5 times. 1
1 3
3. Turn the key to “ON” and retry 2
starting the engine.
1. Shift pedal
2. Neutral position 4
Shifting gears lets you control the
amount of engine power available for
5
starting off, accelerating, climbing hills,
etc.
The gear positions are shown in the il- 6
lustration.
TIP
7
To shift the transmission into the neu-
tral position, press the shift pedal down
repeatedly until it reaches the end of its 8
travel, and then slightly raise it.
ECA10261

NOTICE 9
 Even with the transmission in
the neutral position, do not
10
coast for long periods of time
with the engine off, and do not
tow the motorcycle for long dis- 11
tances. The transmission is
properly lubricated only when
the engine is running. Inade- 12
quate lubrication may damage
the transmission.
 Always use the clutch while 13
changing gears to avoid damag-
ing the engine, transmission,
and drive train, which are not 14
designed to withstand the
5-3
2RD-28199-E1.book 4 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Operation and important riding points


shock of forced shifting. neutral indicator light should come
on.
EAU16682
To start out and accelerate EAU64120

1 Recommended shift points


1. Pull the clutch lever to disengage
The recommended shift points during
the clutch.
acceleration and deceleration are
2. Shift the transmission into first
2 shown in the table below.
gear. The neutral indicator light
should go out. Shift up points:
3 3. Open the throttle gradually, and at 1st  2nd: 20 km/h (12 mph)
the same time, release the clutch 2nd  3rd: 30 km/h (19 mph)
lever slowly. 3rd  4th: 40 km/h (25 mph)
4th  5th: 50 km/h (31 mph)
4 4. At the recommended shift points
Shift down points:
shown in the following table, close 5th  4th: 35 km/h (22 mph)
the throttle, and at the same time, 4th  3rd: 25 km/h (16 mph)
5 quickly pull the clutch lever in. 3rd  2nd: 20 km/h (12 mph)
5. Shift the transmission into second 2nd  1st: 20 km/h (12 mph)
gear. (Make sure not to shift the
6 transmission into the neutral posi-
tion.)
6. Open the throttle part way and
7 gradually release the clutch lever.
7. Follow the same procedure when
shifting to the next higher gear.
8
TIP
When shifting gears in normal operat-
9 ing conditions, use the recommended
shift points.
10
EAU16701
To decelerate
1. Apply both the front and the rear
11
brakes to slow the motorcycle.
2. Shift the transmission into first
12 gear when the motorcycle reaches
20 km/h (12 mph). If the engine is
about to stall or runs very roughly,
13 pull the clutch lever in and use the
brakes to stop the motorcycle.
3. Shift the transmission into the neu-
14 tral position when the motorcycle
is almost completely stopped. The
5-4
2RD-28199-E1.book 5 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Operation and important riding points


EAU16811 EAU16842

Tips for reducing fuel Engine break-in


consumption There is never a more important period
Fuel consumption depends largely on in the life of your engine than the period
your riding style. Consider the following between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). For 1
tips to reduce fuel consumption: this reason, you should read the follow-
 Shift up swiftly, and avoid high en- ing material carefully.
gine speeds during acceleration. Since the engine is brand new, do not 2
 Do not rev the engine while shifting put an excessive load on it for the first
down, and avoid high engine 1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves 3
speeds with no load on the engine.
 Turn the engine off instead of let- to the correct operating clearances.
ting it idle for an extended length of During this period, prolonged full-throt-
4
time (e.g., in traffic jams, at traffic tle operation or any condition that might
lights or at railroad crossings). result in engine overheating must be
avoided. 5
EAU17094

6
0–1000 km (0–600 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 3500
7
r/min. NOTICE: After 1000 km (600
mi) of operation, the engine oil must
be changed and the oil filter car- 8
tridge or element replaced.[ECA10303]

1000–1600 km (600–1000 mi) 9


Avoid prolonged operation above 4200
r/min.
10
1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond
The vehicle can now be operated nor-
mally. 11
ECA10311

NOTICE
 Keep the engine speed out of 12
the tachometer red zone.
 If any engine trouble should oc-
13
cur during the engine break-in
period, immediately have a
Yamaha dealer check the vehi- 14
cle.

5-5
2RD-28199-E1.book 6 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Operation and important riding points


EAU17214

Parking
When parking, stop the engine, and
then remove the key from the main
1 switch.
EWA10312

WARNING
2  Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestri-
3 ans or children are not likely to
touch them and be burned.
 Do not park on a slope or on soft
4
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn, increasing the
5 risk of a fuel leak and fire.
 Do not park near grass or other
flammable materials which
6 might catch fire.

10

11

12

13

14

5-6
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU17246
death. See page 1-2 for more in-
formation about carbon monox-
Periodic inspection, adjustment, and lu- ide.
brication will keep your vehicle in the
EWA15461
safest and most efficient condition pos- 1
WARNING
sible. Safety is an obligation of the vehi-
cle owner/operator. The most important Brake discs, calipers, drums, and
points of vehicle inspection, adjust- linings can become very hot during 2
ment, and lubrication are explained on use. To avoid possible burns, let
the following pages. brake components cool before
The intervals given in the periodic touching them. 3
maintenance charts should be simply
considered as a general guide under
4
normal riding conditions. However, de-
pending on the weather, terrain, geo-
graphical location, and individual use, 5
the maintenance intervals may need to
be shortened.
6
EWA10322

WARNING
Failure to properly maintain the ve-
hicle or performing maintenance ac- 7
tivities incorrectly may increase
your risk of injury or death during
service or while using the vehicle. If 8
you are not familiar with vehicle ser-
vice, have a Yamaha dealer perform
service. 9
EWA15123

WARNING 10
Turn off the engine when performing
maintenance unless otherwise
specified. 11
 A running engine has moving
parts that can catch on body
parts or clothing and electrical 12
parts that can cause shocks or
fires.
13
 Running the engine while ser-
vicing can lead to eye injury,
burns, fire, or carbon monoxide 14
poisoning – possibly leading to

6-1
2RD-28199-E1.book 2 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU17303 EAU59370

Owner’s tool kit


Emission controls not only function to
ensure cleaner air, but are also vital to
1 proper engine operation and maximum 1
performance. In the following periodic
maintenance charts, the services relat-
2 2
ed to emissions control are grouped
separately. These services require
specialized data, knowledge, and
3 equipment. Maintenance, replacement,
or repair of the emission control devic-
1. Unlock.
es and systems may be performed by
4 2. Lock cover
any repair establishment or individual
that is certified (if applicable). Yamaha
5 dealers are trained and equipped to
perform these particular services.

7
1
1. Owner’s tool kit
8
The owner’s tool kit is located inside the
tool box.
9 To access the owner’s tool kit, slide the
lock cover open, insert the key into the
lock, and then turn it 1/4 turn clockwise.
10 The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
11 you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. How-
ever, additional tools such as a torque
12
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
13 TIP
If you do not have the tools or experi-
ence required for a particular job, have
14
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.

6-2
2RD-28199-E1.book 3 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU46862

TIP
 The annual checks must be performed every year, except if a kilometer-
1
based maintenance, or for the UK, a mileage-based maintenance, is per-
formed instead.
 From 50000 km (30000 mi), repeat the maintenance intervals starting from
2
10000 km (6000 mi).
 Items marked with an asterisk should be performed by a Yamaha dealer as
they require special tools, data and technical skills. 3

EAU63321

Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system 4

ODOMETER
CHECK OR
5

ANNUAL CHECK
READINGS
MAINTENANCE JOB

NO. ITEM
X 1000 km 1 10 20 30 40
6
X 1000 mi 0.6 6 12 18 24

• Check fuel hoses for cracks or 7


1 * Fuel line     
damage.
• Check condition.
  8
2 Spark plug • Clean and regap.
• Replace.  
• Check valve clearance.
3 * Valves
• Adjust.
     9
4 * Fuel injection • Check engine idle speed.     

5 *
Muffler and • Check the screw clamp(s) for
     10
exhaust pipe looseness.
• Check the air cut-off valve, reed
Air induction valve, and hose for damage. 11
6 *     
system • Replace any damaged parts if
necessary.

12

13

14

6-3
2RD-28199-E1.book 4 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU64031

General maintenance and lubrication chart


ODOMETER
CHECK OR

ANNUAL CHECK
READINGS
1 MAINTENANCE JOB

NO. ITEM
X 1000 km 1 10 20 30 40
2
X 1000 mi 0.6 6 12 18 24

3 1 Air filter element • Replace. Every 20000 km (12500 mi)


• Check operation.
2 Clutch     
• Adjust.
4 • Check timing chain tensioner.
3 * Timing chain     
• Adjust if necessary.
Decompression • Check operation.
5 4 *     
system • Adjust or replace cable.
• Check operation, fluid level and
vehicle for fluid leakage.      
6 5 * Front brake • Adjust brake lever free play.
• Replace brake pads. Whenever worn to the limit
• Check operation and adjust
7 brake pedal free play.
     
6 * Rear brake
• Replace brake shoes. Whenever worn to the limit
8 • Check for cracks or damage.
• Check for correct routing and     
7 * Brake hose clamping.

9 • Replace. Every 4 years


8 * Brake fluid • Change. Every 2 years
• Check runout, spoke tightness
10 9 * Wheels and for damage.     
• Tighten spokes if necessary.
• Check tread depth and for
11 damage.
10 * Tires • Replace if necessary.     
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
12
• Check bearings for looseness
11 * Wheel bearings    
or damage.
• Check operation and for
13 excessive play.
   
12 * Swingarm
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-
Every 50000 km (30000 mi)
based grease.
14

6-4
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment

ODOMETER
CHECK OR

ANNUAL CHECK
READINGS
MAINTENANCE JOB

NO. ITEM 1
X 1000 km 1 10 20 30 40

X 1000 mi 0.6 6 12 18 24 2
• Check chain slack, alignment
and condition. Every 500 km (300 mi) and after
13 Drive chain • Adjust and lubricate chain with washing the motorcycle, riding 3
a special O-ring chain lubricant in the rain or riding in wet areas
thoroughly.
• Check bearing play and
     4
steering for roughness.
14 * Steering bearings
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-
Every 20000 km (12000 mi)
based grease.
5
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts
15 * Chassis fasteners and screws are properly     
tightened.
6
Brake lever pivot
16 • Lubricate with silicone grease.     
shaft
Brake pedal pivot • Lubricate with lithium-soap- 7
17     
shaft based grease.
Clutch lever pivot • Lubricate with lithium-soap-
18     
shaft based grease.
8
• Check operation.
Sidestand,
19 • Lubricate with lithium-soap-     
centerstand
based grease.
9
20 * Sidestand switch • Check operation.      
• Check operation and for oil
21 * Front fork    
leakage. 10
Shock absorber • Check operation and shock
22 *    
assemblies absorbers for oil leakage.
• Change. 11
23 Engine oil • Check oil level and vehicle for      
oil leakage.

24
Engine oil filter
• Replace.    12
element
Front and rear
25 * • Check operation.      
brake switches 13
Moving parts and
26 • Lubricate.     
cables
14

6-5
2RD-28199-E1.book 6 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment

ODOMETER
CHECK OR

ANNUAL CHECK
READINGS
MAINTENANCE JOB

1 NO. ITEM
X 1000 km 1 10 20 30 40

2 X 1000 mi 0.6 6 12 18 24

• Check operation.
• Check throttle grip free play,
3 27 * Throttle grip and adjust if necessary.     
• Lubricate cable and grip
housing.

4 Lights, signals and • Check operation.


28 *      
switches • Adjust headlight beam.

EAU59350
5
TIP
6  Air filter
• This model’s air intake system is equipped with a disposable oil-coated pa-
per element. The air filter element cannot be cleaned with compressed air,
7 it must be replaced.
• The air filter element needs to be replaced more frequently when riding in
unusually wet or dusty areas.
8  Hydraulic brake service
• After disassembling the brake master cylinder and caliper, always change
the fluid. Regularly check the brake fluid level and fill the reservoir as re-
9 quired.
• Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylin-
der and caliper, and change the brake fluid.
10 • Replace the brake hose every four years and if cracked or damaged.

11

12

13

14

6-6
2RD-28199-E1.book 7 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU59460

Removing and installing the


panel
The panel shown needs to be removed
to perform some of the maintenance 1
jobs described in this chapter. Refer to
this section each time the panel needs
to be removed and installed. 1 2
2
3
1 1. Panel A 3
2. Bolt
3. Washer
4
To install the panel
Place the panel in the original position,
and then install the bolt. 5

1. Panel A
6
TIP
The panel on the left side is removable
7
using the key. However there is no
need to remove this panel for mainte-
nance jobs described in this chapter. 8

EAU19152
Panel A 9

To remove the panel


Remove the bolt, and then pull the pan- 10
el off as shown.

11

12

13

14

6-7
2RD-28199-E1.book 8 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU19605
spark plug is a medium-to-light tan
Checking the spark plug (the ideal color when the vehicle is
The spark plug is an important engine ridden normally).
component, which is easy to check.
1 Since heat and deposits will cause any TIP
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark If the spark plug shows a distinctly dif-
plug should be removed and checked ferent color, the engine could be oper-
2 in accordance with the periodic mainte- ating improperly. Do not attempt to
nance and lubrication chart. In addition, diagnose such problems yourself. In-
the condition of the spark plug can re- stead, have a Yamaha dealer check
3 veal the condition of the engine. the vehicle.
2. Check the spark plug for electrode
To remove the spark plug
4 erosion and excessive carbon or
1. Remove the spark plug cap. other deposits, and replace it if
necessary.
5
1
Specified spark plug:
NGK/BPR6ES
6
3. Measure the spark plug gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if nec-
7 essary, adjust the gap to specifica-
tion.

1. Spark plug cap


8
2. Remove the spark plug as shown,
with the spark plug wrench includ-
9 ed in the owner’s tool kit.

10

11 1. Spark plug gap

Spark plug gap:


0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
12 1

1. Spark plug wrench


To install the spark plug
13 1. Clean the surface of the spark plug
To check the spark plug gasket and its mating surface, and
1. Check that the porcelain insulator then wipe off any grime from the
14 spark plug threads.
around the center electrode of the
2. Install the spark plug with the spark
6-8
2RD-28199-E1.book 9 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


plug wrench, and then tighten it to EAU59626

the specified torque. Engine oil and oil filter


element
Tightening torque: The engine oil level should be checked
Spark plug: before each ride. In addition, the oil 1
25 Nm (2.5 m·kgf, 18 ft·lbf)
must be changed and the oil filter ele-
ment replaced at the intervals specified
TIP in the periodic maintenance and lubri- 2
If a torque wrench is not available when cation chart.
installing a spark plug, a good estimate
of the correct torque is 1/4–1/2 turn 3
To check the engine oil level
past finger tight. However, the spark 1. Start the engine, warm it up for
plug should be tightened to the speci- several minutes, and then turn it
fied torque as soon as possible. 4
off.
3. Install the spark plug cap. 2. On a level surface, place the vehi-
cle on the centerstand. 5
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil set-
tles. Remove the engine oil filler
cap, wipe the dipstick clean, insert 6
it back into the oil filler hole (with-
out screwing it in), and then re-
move it again to check the oil level. 7
WARNING! Never remove the
engine oil filler cap after high-
speed operation, otherwise hot 8
engine oil could spout out and
cause damage or injury. Always
9
let the engine oil cool down suf-
ficiently before removing the oil
filler cap.[EWA17640] 10
TIP
The engine oil should be between the
11
minimum and maximum level marks.

12

13

14

6-9
2RD-28199-E1.book 10 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


1

1 2

3
2
1 4
3 2
3 1. Engine oil filler cap 1. Oil filter element cover bleed bolt
2. Dipstick 2. Gasket
3. Maximum level mark 3. Oil filter element drain bolt
4 4. Minimum level mark
4. Remove the engine oil drain bolt
4. If the engine oil is below the mini- and its gasket to drain the oil from
5 mum level mark, add sufficient oil the crankcase.
of the recommended type to raise
it to the correct level.
6 5. Install the oil filler cap.

To change the engine oil (with or


1 2
7 without oil filter element replace-
ment)
1. Start the engine, warm it up for
8 several minutes, and then turn it
off.
1. Gasket
2. Place an oil pan under the engine
9 to collect the used oil.
2. Engine oil drain bolt (crankcase)

3. Remove the oil filter element cover 5. Remove the engine oil filler cap,
bleed bolt and its gasket, and the the engine oil tank drain bolt and
10 its gasket to drain the oil from the
oil filter element drain bolt to drain
the oil from the oil filter element oil tank.
11 chamber.

12

13

14

6-10
2RD-28199-E1.book 11 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment

1 2
1
3
1

2
2

1. Engine oil drain bolt (oil tank) 1. Oil filter element cover 3
2. Gasket 2. O-ring
3. Oil filter element
TIP 4
8. Install the oil filter element cover by
Skip steps 6–8 if the oil filter element is
installing the bolts, and then tight-
not being replaced.
en the bolts to the specified torque. 5
6. Remove the oil filter element cover
by removing the bolts. Tightening torque:
Oil filter element cover bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7.2 ft·lbf) 6
1
9. Install the oil filter element drain
bolt, and then tighten the bolt to the 7
specified torque.

Tightening torque: 8
Oil filter element drain bolt:
10 Nm (1.0 m·kgf, 7.2 ft·lbf)
9
1. Oil filter element cover bolt 10. Install the oil filter element cover
bleed bolt and its gasket, and then
7. Remove and replace the oil filter
tighten the bolt to the specified 10
element and O-rings.
torque.
TIP
Tightening torque: 11
Make sure that the O-rings are properly Oil filter element cover bleed bolt:
seated. 5 Nm (0.5 m·kgf, 3.6 ft·lbf)

11. Install the engine oil drain bolts 12


and their new gasket, and then
tighten the bolts to the specified
13
torques.

14

6-11
2RD-28199-E1.book 12 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


Tightening torques: necessary.
ECA11232
Engine oil drain bolt (crankcase):
30 Nm (3.0 m·kgf, 22 ft·lbf) NOTICE
Engine oil drain bolt (oil tank): After changing the engine oil, make
1 16 Nm (1.6 m·kgf, 12 ft·lbf)
sure to check the oil pressure as de-
12. Add the specified amount of the scribed below.
 Loosen the bleed bolt.
2 recommended engine oil, and then
install and tighten the oil filler cap.  Start the engine and keep it
idling until oil flows out. If no oil
3 Recommended engine oil: comes out after one minute,
See page 8-1. turn the engine off immediately
Oil quantity:
so it will not seize. If this occurs,
Oil change:
4 2.00 L (2.11 US qt, 1.76 Imp.qt) have a Yamaha dealer repair the
With oil filter removal: vehicle.
2.10 L (2.22 US qt, 1.85 Imp.qt)  After checking the oil pressure,
5 tighten the bleed bolt to the
TIP specified torque.
Be sure to wipe off spilled oil on any
6
parts after the engine and exhaust sys- 1
tem have cooled down.
7 ECA11621

NOTICE
 In order to prevent clutch slip-
8 page (since the engine oil also
lubricates the clutch), do not
mix any chemical additives. Do
9 not use oils with a diesel speci- 1. Bleed bolt
fication of “CD” or oils of a high-
er quality than specified. In Tightening torque:
10 Bleed bolt:
addition, do not use oils labeled
18 Nm (1.8 m·kgf, 13 ft·lbf)
“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or
11 higher.
 Make sure that no foreign mate-
rial enters the crankcase.
12 13. Start the engine, and then let it idle
for several minutes while checking
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, im-
13
mediately turn the engine off and
check for the cause.
14 14. Turn the engine off, and then
check the oil level and correct it if

6-12
2RD-28199-E1.book 13 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU52031
element installed, otherwise the
Replacing the air filter element piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may
The air filter element should be re- become excessively worn.[ECA10482]
placed at the intervals specified in the 5. Install the air filter case cover by in-
periodic maintenance and lubrication stalling the screws. 1
chart. Replace the air filter element 6. Install the panel.
more frequently if you are riding in un-
usually wet or dusty areas. 2

To replace the air filter element


1. Remove panel A. (See page 6-7.) 3
2. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the screws.
4
2

1 5

1 6

7
1. Screw
2. Air filter case cover
8
3. Pull the air filter element out.

1
10

11

1. Air filter element 12


4. Insert a new air filter element into
the air filter case. NOTICE: Make 13
sure that the air filter element is
properly seated in the air filter
case. The engine should never 14
be operated without the air filter

6-13
2RD-28199-E1.book 14 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU44735 EAU21386

Checking the engine idling Checking the throttle grip free


speed play
Check the engine idling speed and, if Measure the throttle grip free play as
1 necessary, have it corrected by a shown.
Yamaha dealer.

2 Engine idling speed:


1200–1400 r/min

3 1

1. Throttle grip free play


5
Throttle grip free play:
3.0–5.0 mm (0.12–0.20 in)
6
Periodically check the throttle grip free
play and, if necessary, have a Yamaha
7 dealer adjust it.

10

11

12

13

14

6-14
2RD-28199-E1.book 15 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU21402 EAU70280

Valve clearance Tires


The valve clearance changes with use, Tires are the only contact between the
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture vehicle and the road. Safety in all con-
and/or engine noise. To prevent this ditions of riding depends on a relatively 1
from occurring, the valve clearance small area of road contact. Therefore, it
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer is essential to maintain the tires in good
at the intervals specified in the periodic condition at all times and replace them 2
maintenance and lubrication chart. at the appropriate time with the speci-
fied tires.
3
Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be checked
4
and, if necessary, adjusted before each
ride.
EWA10504
5
WARNING
Operation of this vehicle with im-
proper tire pressure may cause se- 6
vere injury or death from loss of
control.
 The tire air pressure must be 7
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature
of the tires equals the ambient 8
temperature).
 The tire air pressure must be ad-
justed in accordance with the 9
riding speed and with the total
weight of rider, passenger, car-
10
go, and accessories approved
for this model.
11

12

13

14

6-15
2RD-28199-E1.book 16 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


Tire air pressure (measured on cold Minimum tire tread depth (front and
tires): rear):
Up to 90 kg (198 lb) load: 1.6 mm (0.06 in)
Front:
1 175 kPa (1.75 kgf/cm2, 25 psi) TIP
Rear:
200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi) The tire tread depth limit may differ
2 90 kg (198 lb) to maximum load: from country to country. Always comply
Front: with the local regulations.
200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi)
EWA10572
Rear:
3 225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi) WARNING
Maximum load*:  Have a Yamaha dealer replace
150 kg (331 lb)
excessively worn tires. Besides
4 * Total weight of rider, passenger, car-
go and accessories being illegal, operating the mo-
torcycle with excessively worn
EWA10512
tires decreases riding stability
5 WARNING and can lead to loss of control.
Never overload your vehicle. Opera-  The replacement of all wheel-
6 tion of an overloaded vehicle could and brake-related parts, includ-
cause an accident. ing the tires, should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the
7 Tire inspection necessary professional knowl-
edge and experience.
 It is not recommended to patch
8 a punctured tube. If unavoid-
able, however, patch the tube
very carefully and replace it as
9 soon as possible with a high-
quality product.
 Ride at moderate speeds after
10 changing a tire since the tire
surface must first be “broken
1. Tire sidewall in” for it to develop its optimal
11 2. Tire tread depth characteristics.
The tires must be checked before each
12 ride. If the center tread depth reaches Tire information
the specified limit, if the tire has a nail or This model is equipped with tube tires.
glass fragments in it, or if the sidewall is Tires age, even if they have not been
13 cracked, have a Yamaha dealer re- used or have only been used occasion-
place the tire immediately. ally. Cracking of the tread and sidewall
rubber, sometimes accompanied by
14
carcass deformation, is an evidence of

6-16
2RD-28199-E1.book 17 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


ageing. Old and aged tires shall be EAU21944

checked by tire specialists to ascertain Spoke wheels


EWA10611
their suitability for further use.
EWA10462
WARNING
WARNING The wheels on this model are not de- 1
The front and rear tires should be of signed for use with tubeless tires.
the same make and design, other- Do not attempt to use tubeless tires
on this model. 2
wise the handling characteristics of
the vehicle may be different, which To maximize the performance, durabil-
could lead to an accident. ity, and safe operation of your motorcy- 3
After extensive tests, only the tires list- cle, note the following points regarding
ed below have been approved for this the specified wheels.
model by Yamaha.  The wheel rims should be checked 4
for cracks, bends, warpage or oth-
Front tire: er damage, and the spokes for
Size: looseness or damage before each 5
90/100-18M/C 54S ride. If any damage is found, have
Manufacturer/model:
BRIDGESTONE/BT-45F a Yamaha dealer replace the
wheel. Do not attempt even the 6
Rear tire:
Size: smallest repair to the wheel. A de-
110/90-18M/C 61S formed or cracked wheel must be
Manufacturer/model: 7
replaced.
BRIDGESTONE/BT-45R
 The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel 8
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in
poor performance, adverse han- 9
dling characteristics, and a short-
ened tire life.
10

11

12

13

14

6-17
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU48293
clutch mechanism.
Adjusting the clutch lever free
play
1 2 3 4
1
(a)
2

3
(b)

4 1. Clutch lever free play


2. Rubber cover
3. Locknut
5 4. Clutch lever free play adjusting bolt

Measure the clutch lever free play as


6 shown.

Clutch lever free play:


5.0–10.0 mm (0.20–0.39 in)
7
Periodically check the clutch lever free
play and, if necessary, adjust it as fol-
8 lows.
1. Slide the rubber cover back at the
clutch lever.
9
2. Loosen the locknut.
3. To increase the clutch lever free
10 play, turn the clutch lever free play
adjusting bolt in direction (a). To
decrease the clutch lever free play,
11 turn the adjusting bolt in direction
(b).
4. Tighten the locknut and then slide
12 the rubber cover to its original po-
sition.

13 TIP
If the specified free play cannot be ob-
tained as described above or if the
14 clutch does not operate correctly, have
a Yamaha dealer check the internal
6-18
2RD-28199-E1.book 19 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU48444
working properly.
Adjusting the brake lever free  A soft or spongy feeling in the
play brake lever can indicate the
Measure the brake lever free play as presence of air in the hydraulic
shown. system. If there is air in the hy- 1
draulic system, have a Yamaha
Brake lever free play:
dealer bleed the system before
5.0–8.0 mm (0.20–0.31 in) 2
operating the motorcycle. Air in
Periodically check the brake lever free the hydraulic system will dimin-
play and, if necessary, adjust it as fol- ish the braking performance, 3
lows. which may result in loss of con-
trol and an accident.
1 2 3
4 4

(a)
5
(b)
6

1. Locknut 7
2. Brake lever free play adjusting screw
3. Rubber cover
4. Brake lever free play 8
1. Slide the rubber cover back at the
brake lever.
9
2. Loosen the locknut.
3. To increase the brake lever free
play, turn the brake lever free play 10
adjusting screw in direction (a). To
decrease the brake lever free play,
turn the adjusting screw in direc- 11
tion (b).
4. Tighten the locknut, and then slide
the rubber cover back to its original 12
position.
EWA10631

WARNING 13
 After adjusting the brake lever
free play, check the free play
and make sure that the brake is 14

6-19
2RD-28199-E1.book 20 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU22199

Adjusting the brake pedal


height and free play
EWA10671
(a)
1 WARNING 2 (b)
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer make these adjustments. 1
2

Brake pedal height


3 The top of the brake pedal should be 1. Brake pedal height locknut
positioned at the specified distance be- 2. Brake pedal height adjusting bolt
low the top of the footrest as shown.
4 3. Tighten the locknut.
EWA11232
Brake pedal height:
20.0 mm (0.79 in) WARNING
5 After adjusting the brake pedal
height, the brake pedal free play
must be adjusted.
6
Brake pedal free play
1
7

8
1. Brake pedal height 1
9 Periodically check the brake pedal
height and, if necessary, adjust it as fol-
lows.
10 1. Loosen the brake pedal height 1. Brake pedal free play
locknut.
2. To raise the brake pedal, turn the Measure the brake pedal free play as
11 shown.
brake pedal height adjusting bolt in
direction (a). To lower the brake Brake pedal free play:
12 pedal, turn the adjusting bolt in di- 20.0–30.0 mm (0.79–1.18 in)
rection (b).
Periodically check the brake pedal free
13 play and, if necessary, adjust it as fol-
lows.
To increase the brake pedal free play,
14 turn the brake pedal free play adjusting
nut at the brake rod in direction (a). To
6-20
2RD-28199-E1.book 21 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


decrease the brake pedal free play, EAU44821

turn the adjusting nut in direction (b). Checking the shift pedal
The operation of the shift pedal should
be checked before each ride. If opera-
tion is not smooth, have a Yamaha 1
dealer check the vehicle.
(a) (b)
2

1 3

1. Brake pedal free play adjusting nut


4
EWA10681

WARNING
 After adjusting the drive chain 5
slack or removing and installing
the rear wheel, always check the
brake pedal free play. 6
 If proper adjustment cannot be
obtained as described, have a
Yamaha dealer make this ad- 7
justment.
 After adjusting the brake pedal
8
free play, check the operation of
the brake light.
9

10

11

12

13

14

6-21
2RD-28199-E1.book 22 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU22274 EAU22382

Brake light switches Checking the front brake pads


and rear brake shoes
The front brake pads and the rear brake
1 (a) 2 shoes must be checked for wear at the
intervals specified in the periodic main-
tenance and lubrication chart.
2 1 (b)
EAU22432
Front brake pads
3
1
1. Rear brake light switch adjusting nut
2
4 2. Rear brake light switch

The brake light, which is activated by


the brake pedal and brake lever, should
5
come on just before braking takes ef-
fect. If necessary, adjust the rear brake
6 light switch as follows, but the front
brake light switch should be adjusted 1. Brake pad
by a Yamaha dealer. 2. Brake pad wear indicator groove
7 Turn the rear brake light switch adjust-
ing nut while holding the rear brake light Each front brake pad is provided with
switch in place. To make the brake light wear indicator grooves, which allow
8 come on earlier, turn the adjusting nut you to check the brake pad wear with-
in direction (a). To make the brake light out having to disassemble the brake.
come on later, turn the adjusting nut in To check the brake pad wear, check
9 direction (b). the wear indicator grooves. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear
indicator grooves have almost disap-
10 peared, have a Yamaha dealer replace
the brake pads as a set.

11

12

13

14

6-22
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU22541 EAU32346
Rear brake shoes Checking the brake fluid level
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
2
is above the minimum level mark.
Check the brake fluid level with the top 1
of the reservoir level. Replenish the
brake fluid if necessary.
2

1
3
1. Brake shoe wear indicator 1
2. Brake shoe wear limit line 4
The rear brake is provided with a wear
indicator, which allows you to check the
brake shoe wear without having to dis- 5
assemble the brake. To check the 1. Minimum level mark
brake shoe wear, check the position of
Specified brake fluid: 6
the wear indicator while applying the DOT 4
brake. If a brake shoe has worn to the
point that the wear indicator reaches EWA15991
7
the wear limit line, have a Yamaha WARNING
dealer replace the brake shoes as a Improper maintenance can result in
set. loss of braking ability. Observe 8
these precautions:
 Insufficient brake fluid may al-
low air to enter the brake sys- 9
tem, reducing braking
performance.
 Clean the filler cap before re- 10
moving. Use only DOT 4 brake
fluid from a sealed container.
11
 Use only the specified brake flu-
id; otherwise, the rubber seals
may deteriorate, causing leak- 12
age.
 Refill with the same type of
brake fluid. Adding a brake fluid 13
other than DOT 4 may result in a
harmful chemical reaction.
 Be careful that water does not 14
enter the brake fluid reservoir
6-23
2RD-28199-E1.book 24 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


when refilling. Water will signifi- EAU22724

cantly lower the boiling point of Changing the brake fluid


the fluid and may result in vapor Have a Yamaha dealer change the
lock. brake fluid at the intervals specified in
1 the periodic maintenance and lubrica-
ECA17641
tion chart. In addition, have the oil seals
NOTICE
of the brake master cylinder and caliper
2 Brake fluid may damage painted sur- as well as the brake hose replaced at
faces or plastic parts. Always clean the intervals listed below or whenever
up spilled fluid immediately. they are damaged or leaking.
3  Oil seals: Replace every two
As the brake pads wear, it is normal for
the brake fluid level to gradually go years.
down. A low brake fluid level may indi-  Brake hose: Replace every four
4
cate worn brake pads and/or brake sys- years.
tem leakage; therefore, be sure to
5 check the brake pads for wear and the
brake system for leakage. If the brake
fluid level goes down suddenly, have a
6 Yamaha dealer check the cause before
further riding.

10

11

12

13

14

6-24
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU22762
adjusting nut, brake torque rod nut,
Drive chain slack and axle nut.
The drive chain slack should be
checked before each ride and adjusted 4
if necessary. 3 1
2
To check the drive chain slack
EAU59593
1 5 2
1. Place the motorcycle on the cen-
terstand.
2. Shift the transmission into the neu- 3
tral position. 6
3. Push on the drive chain at the cen- 1. Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
ter point between the drive axle 2. Drive chain slack adjusting bolt 4
and the rear wheel axle with a 3. Drive chain puller locknut
force of 50 N (5.0 kgf, 11 lbf). 4. Axle nut
4. Measure the drive chain slack as 5. Brake torque rod nut 5
shown. 6. Brake torque rod

Drive chain slack: 3. Loosen the drive chain puller lock- 6


30.0–40.0 mm (1.18–1.57 in) nut at each end of the swingarm.
4. Place the motorcycle on the cen-
terstand. 7
5. To tighten the drive chain, turn the
drive chain slack adjusting bolt at
each end of the swingarm in direc- 8
tion (a). To loosen the drive chain,
turn the adjusting bolt at each end
of the swingarm in direction (b), 9
and then push the rear wheel for-
1 ward. NOTICE: Improper drive
chain slack will overload the en- 10
1. Drive chain slack
gine as well as other vital parts
5. If the drive chain slack is incorrect, of the motorcycle and can lead
11
adjust it as follows. to chain slippage or breakage.
To prevent this from occurring,
To adjust the drive chain slack
EAU59642
keep the drive chain slack with- 12
Consult a Yamaha dealer before ad- in the specified limits.[ECA10572]
justing the drive chain slack. TIP
1. Take the motorcycle off the center- 13
Using the alignment marks on each
stand, and then put the sidestand side of the swingarm, make sure that
down. both drive chain pullers are in the same
2. Loosen the brake pedal free play 14
position for proper wheel alignment.

6-25
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU23026
4 Cleaning and lubricating the
3 drive chain
(b) The drive chain must be cleaned and
1 lubricated at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrica-
tion chart, otherwise it will quickly wear
2 (a) out, especially when riding in dusty or
2 1 wet areas. Service the drive chain as
follows.
3 1. Axle nut ECA10584
2. Drive chain puller locknut NOTICE
3. Drive chain slack adjusting bolt
4 4. Alignment marks The drive chain must be lubricated
after washing the motorcycle, riding
6. Take the motorcycle off the center- in the rain or riding in wet areas.
5 stand, and then put the sidestand
down. 1. Clean the drive chain with kero-
7. Tighten both drive chain puller sene and a small soft brush.
NOTICE: To prevent damaging
6 locknuts to the specified torque,
and then tighten the axle nut and the O-rings, do not clean the
brake torque rod nut to their speci- drive chain with steam cleaners,
7 fied torques. high-pressure washers or inap-
propriate solvents.[ECA11122]
Tightening torques: 2. Wipe the drive chain dry.
8 Drive chain puller locknut: 3. Thoroughly lubricate the drive
16 Nm (1.6 m·kgf, 12 ft·lbf) chain with a special O-ring chain
Axle nut:
129 Nm (12.9 m·kgf, 92 ft·lbf) lubricant. NOTICE: Do not use
9 Brake torque rod nut: engine oil or any other lubri-
19 Nm (1.9 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf) cants for the drive chain, as they
may contain substances that
10 8. Adjust the brake pedal free play. could damage the O-rings.[ECA11112]
(See page 6-20.)
EWA10661

11 WARNING
After adjusting the brake pedal free
play, check the operation of the
12 brake light.
9. Make sure that the drive chain pull-
13 ers are in the same position, the
drive chain slack is correct, and the
drive chain moves smoothly.
14

6-26
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU23098 EAU23115

Checking and lubricating the Checking and lubricating the


cables throttle grip and cable
The operation of all control cables and The operation of the throttle grip should
the condition of the cables should be be checked before each ride. In addi- 1
checked before each ride, and the ca- tion, the cable should be lubricated by a
bles and cable ends should be lubricat- Yamaha dealer at the intervals speci-
ed if necessary. If a cable is damaged fied in the periodic maintenance chart. 2
or does not move smoothly, have a The throttle cable is equipped with a
Yamaha dealer check or replace it. rubber cover. Make sure that the cover
3
WARNING! Damage to the outer is securely installed. Even though the
housing of cables may result in in- cover is installed correctly, it does not
ternal rusting and cause interfer- completely protect the cable from water 4
ence with cable movement. Replace entry. Therefore, use care not to pour
damaged cables as soon as possi- water directly onto the cover or cable
ble to prevent unsafe condi- when washing the vehicle. If the cable 5
tions.[EWA10712] or cover becomes dirty, wipe clean with
a moist cloth.
Recommended lubricant: 6
Yamaha cable lubricant or other suit-
able cable lubricant
7

10

11

12

13

14

6-27
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU23144 EAU23185

Checking and lubricating the Checking and lubricating the


brake and clutch levers brake pedal
The operation of the brake and clutch The operation of the brake pedal
1 levers should be checked before each should be checked before each ride,
ride, and the lever pivots should be lu- and the pedal pivot should be lubricat-
bricated if necessary. ed if necessary.
2
Brake lever

Recommended lubricant:
6 Clutch lever Lithium-soap-based grease

Recommended lubricants:
10 Brake lever:
Silicone grease
Clutch lever:
11 Lithium-soap-based grease

12

13

14

6-28
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU23215 EAUM1653

Checking and lubricating the Lubricating the swingarm


centerstand and sidestand pivots
1

The operation of the centerstand and The swingarm pivots must be lubricat- 4
sidestand should be checked before ed by a Yamaha dealer at the intervals
each ride, and the pivots and metal-to- specified in the periodic maintenance
metal contact surfaces should be lubri- and lubrication chart. 5
cated if necessary.
EWA10742 Recommended lubricant:
WARNING Lithium-soap-based grease 6
If the centerstand or sidestand does
not move up and down smoothly,
7
have a Yamaha dealer check or re-
pair it. Otherwise, the centerstand or
sidestand could contact the ground 8
and distract the operator, resulting
in a possible loss of control.
9
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
10

11

12

13

14

6-29
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU51951 EAU45512

Checking the front fork Checking the steering


The condition and operation of the front Worn or loose steering bearings may
fork must be checked as follows at the cause danger. Therefore, the operation
1 intervals specified in the periodic main- of the steering must be checked as fol-
tenance and lubrication chart. lows at the intervals specified in the pe-
riodic maintenance and lubrication
2 To check the condition chart.
Check the front fork for damage and ex- 1. Place the vehicle on the center-
cessive oil leakage. stand. WARNING! To avoid inju-
3 ry, securely support the vehicle
To check the operation so there is no danger of it falling
1. Place the vehicle on a level sur- over.[EWA10752]
4
face and hold it in an upright posi- 2. Hold the lower ends of the front
tion. WARNING! To avoid injury, fork legs and try to move them for-
5 securely support the vehicle so ward and backward. If any free
there is no danger of it falling play can be felt, have a Yamaha
over.[EWA10752] dealer check or repair the steering.
6 2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars
several times to check if the front
7 fork compresses and rebounds
smoothly.

10

11 ECA10591

NOTICE
If any damage is found or the front
12 fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or re-
pair it.
13

14

6-30
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU23292 EAU40447

Checking the wheel bearings Battery


1
1

The front and rear wheel bearings must 1. Battery


be checked at the intervals specified in
The battery is located under the seat. 4
the periodic maintenance and lubrica-
(See page 3-13.)
tion chart. If there is play in the wheel
This model is equipped with a VRLA
hub or if the wheel does not turn 5
(Valve Regulated Lead Acid) battery.
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check
There is no need to check the electro-
the wheel bearings.
lyte or to add distilled water. However, 6
the battery coupler connection needs to
be checked to make sure that it is se-
curely connected. 7
EWA10761

WARNING
 Electrolyte is poisonous and 8
dangerous since it contains sul-
furic acid, which causes severe
burns. Avoid any contact with 9
skin, eyes or clothing and al-
ways shield your eyes when
10
working near batteries. In case
of contact, administer the fol-
lowing FIRST AID. 11
• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
• INTERNAL: Drink large quan- 12
tities of water or milk and im-
mediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for 15 13
minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
 Batteries produce explosive hy- 14
drogen gas. Therefore, keep
6-31
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc., necting the coupler.[ECA16931]
away from the battery and pro- ECA16531

vide sufficient ventilation when NOTICE


charging it in an enclosed Always keep the battery charged.
1 space. Storing a discharged battery can
 KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTER- cause permanent battery damage.
IES OUT OF THE REACH OF
2
CHILDREN.

3 To charge the battery


Have a Yamaha dealer charge the bat-
tery as soon as possible if it seems to
4 have discharged. Keep in mind that the
battery tends to discharge more quickly
if the vehicle is equipped with optional
5
electrical accessories.
ECA16522

NOTICE
6
To charge a VRLA (Valve Regulated
Lead Acid) battery, a special (con-
7 stant-voltage) battery charger is re-
quired. Using a conventional battery
charger will damage the battery.
8
To store the battery
9 1. If the vehicle will not be used for
more than one month, remove the
battery, fully charge it, and then
10 place it in a cool, dry place.
NOTICE: When removing the
battery, be sure the key is
11 turned to “OFF” before discon-
necting the coupler.[ECA16323]
2. If the battery will be stored for more
12 than two months, check it at least
once a month and fully charge it if
necessary.
13 3. Fully charge the battery before in-
stallation. NOTICE: When install-
ing the battery, be sure the key
14
is turned to “OFF” before con-

6-32
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU59443

Replacing the fuses


The main fuse is located inside the bat-
1
tery coupler. (See page 6-31.)
1
3

2
1

1. Battery coupler 3
5. Remove the blown fuse, and then
2 install a new fuse of the specified 4
1. Battery coupler amperage. WARNING! Do not
2. Main fuse use a fuse of a higher amperage
3. Spare main fuse rating than recommended to 5
avoid causing extensive dam-
If the main fuse is blown, replace it as
age to the electrical system and
follows.
possibly a fire.[EWA15132] 6
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
all electrical circuits. Specified fuse:
2. Remove the seat. (See page 30.0 A 7
3-13.)
3. Remove the battery by removing 6. Connect the battery coupler.
the battery band. 7. Install the battery by installing the 8
battery band.
1 2 8. Install the seat.
9. Turn the key to “ON”. 9
10. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system. 10
The fuse box, which contains the fuses
for the individual circuits, is located un-
der the seat. 11

1. Battery
2. Battery band 12
4. Disconnect the battery coupler.
13

14

6-33
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


1 Specified fuses:
Signaling system fuse:
15.0 A
Headlight fuse:
1 15.0 A
Ignition fuse:
10.0 A
2 Backup fuse:
7.5 A
Fuel injection system fuse:
7.5 A
3 1. Fuse box Parking lighting fuse:
7.5 A
1
4 2
4. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuit in question to
3
4 check if the device operates.
5 5. If a fuse immediately blows again,
5 have a Yamaha dealer check the
7 6 electrical system.
6

7 1. Headlight fuse
2. Signaling system fuse
3. Ignition fuse
4. Backup fuse
8
5. Fuel injection system fuse
6. Parking lighting fuse
7. Spare fuse
9
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
10 the electrical circuit in question.
2. Remove the seat. (See page
3-13.)
11 3. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage. WARNING! Do not
12
use a fuse of a higher amperage
rating than recommended to
13 avoid causing extensive dam-
age to the electrical system and
possibly a fire.[EWA15132]
14

6-34
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU23799

Replacing the headlight bulb


This model is equipped with a halogen
bulb headlight. If the headlight bulb
burns out, replace it as follows. 1
ECA10651

NOTICE
Take care not to damage the follow- 2
ing parts: 1
 Headlight bulb
Do not touch the glass part of 1. Screw 3
the headlight bulb to keep it free
from oil, otherwise the transpar-
4
ency of the glass, the luminosity
of the bulb, and the bulb life will
be adversely affected. Thor- 5
oughly clean off any dirt and fin-
gerprints on the headlight bulb
using a cloth moistened with al- 6
cohol or thinner. 1
 Headlight lens
Do not affix any type of tinted 1. Screw 7
film or stickers to the headlight 2. Disconnect the headlight coupler,
lens. and then remove the headlight
Do not use a headlight bulb of a bulb cover. 8
wattage higher than specified.
9
1
2 10

11

1. Headlight coupler
2. Headlight bulb cover
12
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
3. Unhook the headlight bulb holder,
1. Remove the headlight unit by re-
moving the screws.
and then remove the burnt-out 13
bulb.

14

6-35
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU33417

Replacing the auxiliary light


1 bulb
If the auxiliary light bulb burns out, re-
1 place it as follows.
1. Remove the headlight unit by re-
moving the screws.
2

3 1. Headlight bulb holder

4. Place a new headlight bulb into po-


4 sition, and then secure it with the
bulb holder.
5. Install the bulb cover, and then
1
5 connect the coupler.
6. Install the headlight unit by install- 1. Screw
ing the screws.
6 7. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the
headlight beam if necessary.

1
9
1. Screw

2. Remove the socket (together with


10
the bulb) by pushing it in and turn-
ing it counterclockwise.
11
1

12

13

14
1. Auxiliary light bulb socket

6-36
2RD-28199-E1.book 37 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


3. Remove the burnt-out bulb by EAU24135

pushing it in and turning it counter- Replacing the tail/brake light


clockwise. bulb
1. Remove the tail/brake light lens by
removing the screws. 1
1

2
2 2

3
1

1. Auxiliary light bulb socket 4


2. Auxiliary light bulb
1. Screw
4. Insert a new bulb into the socket, 2. Tail/brake light lens 5
push it in, and then turn it clock-
wise until it stops. 2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by
5. Install the socket (together with the pushing it in and turning it counter- 6
bulb) by pushing it in and turning it clockwise.
clockwise until it stops.
6. Install the headlight unit by install- 7
ing the screws.
1
8

1. Tail/brake light bulb 10


3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clock-
11
wise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screws. NOTICE: Do not over- 12
tighten the screws, otherwise
the lens may break.[ECA10682]
13

14

6-37
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU60010

Replacing a turn signal light


bulb
1. Remove the turn signal light lens,
1 turn signal light rim and gasket by
removing the screws.

2
1

4
2

5 1. Turn signal light lens


2. Screw

8
3
2
9
1
1. Turn signal light lens
2. Turn signal light rim
10 3. Gasket

2. Remove the burnt-out bulb by


pushing it in and turning it counter-
11 clockwise.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clock-
12
wise until it stops.
4. Install the gasket, rim and lens by
13 installing the screws with the notch
on the rim and lens facing to in-
ward as shown. NOTICE: Do not
14 overtighten the screws, other-
wise the lens may break.[ECA10682]

6-38
2RD-28199-E1.book 39 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU24361

Front wheel
EAU59603 1
1
To remove the front wheel
EWA10822
2
WARNING
To avoid injury, securely support the
vehicle so there is no danger of it 1. Speedometer cable 3
falling over.
5. Remove the wheel axle nut and
1. Loosen the wheel axle nut. the washer. 4
6. Pull the wheel axle out, and then
remove the collar and wheel.
NOTICE: Do not apply the brake 5
after the wheel and brake disc
have been removed, otherwise
the brake pads will be forced 6
1 shut.[ECA11073]

To install the front wheel 7


1. Wheel axle nut 1. Install the speedometer gear unit
into the wheel hub so that the pro-
2. Loosen the wheel axle holder nuts. jections mesh with the slots. 8

1 2 9
3

10

1 11

1. Wheel axle holder nut 1. Slot


12
3. Place the motorcycle on the cen- 2. Speedometer gear unit
terstand. 3. Projection
4. Disconnect the speedometer ca- 2. Install the collar into the right side 13
ble from the speedometer gear of the wheel hub.
unit. 3. Lift the wheel up between the fork
legs. 14

6-39
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Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU25081
TIP Rear wheel
Make sure that there is enough space
between the brake pads before insert- EAU59614

1 ing the brake disc and that the slot in


the speedometer gear unit fits over the
retainer on the fork leg. To remove the rear wheel
EWA10822
2
WARNING
To avoid injury, securely support the
1 2
3 vehicle so there is no danger of it
falling over.
1. Loosen the axle nut and the brake
4
3 torque rod nut at the brake shoe
plate.
5 2. Disconnect the brake torque rod
from the brake shoe plate by re-
1. Retainer
moving the nut, washer and the
2. Slot
6 3. Wheel axle
bolt.

4. Insert the wheel axle from the left 6 7 8


7 side, and then install the washer 2 5
and axle nut. 4
5. Take the motorcycle off the center- 3 9
8 stand so that the front wheel is on
7
the ground, and then put the side-
stand down.
9 6. Tighten the axle nut and the wheel 1 10
axle holder nuts to their specified
1. Brake rod
torques.
10 2. Brake camshaft lever
3. Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
Tightening torques:
Axle nut: 4. Drive chain slack adjusting bolt
11 104 Nm (10.4 m·kgf, 74 ft·lbf) 5. Drive chain puller locknut
Wheel axle holder nut: 6. Drive chain puller
9 Nm (0.9 m·kgf, 6.5 ft·lbf) 7. Washer
12 8. Axle nut
7. While applying the front brake, 9. Brake torque rod nut
push down hard on the handlebars 10.Brake torque rod
13 several times to check if the front 3. Place the motorcycle on the cen-
fork compresses and rebounds terstand.
smoothly. 4. Remove the brake pedal free play
14 8. Connect the speedometer cable. adjusting nut, and then disconnect

6-40
2RD-28199-E1.book 41 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


the brake rod from the brake cam- install the wheel.
shaft lever.
5. Loosen the drive chain puller lock-
To install the rear wheel
nut and the drive chain slack ad-
1. Install the spacer into left side of 1
justing bolt on both ends of the
the wheel hub.
swingarm.
2. Install the chain pullers and the
wheel by inserting the wheel axle 2
1 from the left side.
3. Install the drive chain onto the rear
sprocket. 3
4. Install the washer and axle nut.
5. Install the brake rod onto the brake
camshaft lever, and then install the 4
brake pedal free play adjusting nut
2 3 4 onto the brake rod.
5
1. Drive chain slack adjusting bolt 6. Connect the brake torque rod to
2. Drive chain puller locknut the brake shoe plate by installing
3. Axle nut the bolt, washer and nut.
4. Washer
6
7. Adjust the drive chain slack. (See
6. Remove the axle nut and washer. page 6-25.)
7. While supporting the rear wheel, 8. Take the motorcycle off the center- 7
pull the wheel axle out. stand so that the rear wheel is on
8. Remove the chain pullers and the the ground, and then put the side-
spacer. stand down. 8
9. Push the wheel forward, and then 9. Tighten the brake torque rod nut
remove the drive chain from the and axle nut to the specified
rear sprocket. torques. 9

Tightening torques:
Brake torque rod nut: 10
19 Nm (1.9 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf)
Axle nut:
129 Nm (12.9 m·kgf, 92 ft·lbf)
1 11
10. Adjust the brake pedal free play.
(See page 6-20.)
EWA10661 12
WARNING
1. Drive chain After adjusting the brake pedal free 13
play, check the operation of the
TIP brake light.
The drive chain does not need to be
14
disassembled in order to remove and

6-41
2RD-28199-E1.book 42 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU25852

Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha motorcycles receive
a thorough inspection before shipment
1 from the factory, trouble may occur dur-
ing operation. Any problem in the fuel,
compression, or ignition systems, for
2 example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting chart
3 represents a quick and easy procedure
for checking these vital systems your-
self. However, should your motorcycle
4
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
5 the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the motorcycle
properly.
6 Use only genuine Yamaha replace-
ment parts. Imitation parts may look like
Yamaha parts, but they are often inferi-
7 or, have a shorter service life and can
lead to expensive repair bills.
EWA15142

8 WARNING
When checking the fuel system, do
not smoke, and make sure there are
9 no open flames or sparks in the ar-
ea, including pilot lights from water
heaters or furnaces. Gasoline or
10
gasoline vapors can ignite or ex-
plode, causing severe injury or
11 property damage.

12

13

14

6-42
2RD-28199-E1.book 43 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Periodic maintenance and adjustment


EAU67930

Troubleshooting chart
1. Fuel There is enough fuel. Check the battery.
1
Check the fuel level
in the fuel tank.
The engine does not
There is no fuel. Supply fuel. start.
2
Check the battery.

2. Battery The turn signal 4


The battery is good.
flashes brightly.
Operate the
With the key in the on kickstarter.
position, operate the If the engine does 5
turn signal switch. Check the battery not start, check the
lead connections, ignition.
The turn signal does
and have a Yamaha
not flash or is weak.
dealer charge the 6
battery if necessary.

7
Wipe off with a dry
cloth and correct the
3. Ignition Wet spark plug gap, or
Operate the
replace the spark
kickstarter.
8
Remove the spark plug.
plug and check
the electrodes.
Have a Yamaha
The engine does not
start.
9
Dry dealer check the
Check the
vehicle.
compression.
10

11
4. Compression There is compression.
The engine does not start.
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.

Operate the 12
kickstarter.

There is no
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
compression. 13

14

6-43
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Motorcycle care and storage


EAU37834 EAU26005

Matte color caution Care


ECA15193
While the open design of a motorcycle
NOTICE reveals the attractiveness of the tech-
1 Some models are equipped with nology, it also makes it more vulnera-
matte colored finished parts. Be ble. Rust and corrosion can develop
sure to consult a Yamaha dealer for even if high-quality components are
2 advice on what products to use be- used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go un-
fore cleaning the vehicle. Using a noticed on a car, however, it detracts
brush, harsh chemical products or from the overall appearance of a motor-
3 cleaning compounds when cleaning cycle. Frequent and proper care does
these parts will scratch or damage not only comply with the terms of the
their surface. Wax also should not warranty, but it will also keep your mo-
4
be applied to any matte colored fin- torcycle looking good, extend its life
ished parts. and optimize its performance.
5
Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlet with a
6 plastic bag after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
7 as well as all electrical couplers
and connectors, including the
spark plug cap, are tightly in-
8 stalled.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
9 with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such prod-
ucts onto seals, gaskets, sprock-
10
ets, the drive chain and wheel
axles. Always rinse the dirt and de-
11 greaser off with water.

Cleaning
12
ECA10773

NOTICE
 Avoid using strong acidic wheel
13 cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If such products are
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
14 not leave the cleaner on the af-

7-1
2RD-28199-E1.book 2 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Motorcycle care and storage


fected area any longer than in- scratching. Some cleaning com-
structed. Also, thoroughly rinse pounds for plastic may leave
the area off with water, immedi- scratches on the windshield.
ately dry it, and then apply a cor- Test the product on a small hid-
rosion protection spray. den part of the windshield to 1
 Improper cleaning can damage make sure that it does not leave
plastic parts (such as cowlings, any marks. If the windshield is
2
panels, windshields, headlight scratched, use a quality plastic
lenses, meter lenses, etc.) and polishing compound after
the mufflers. Use only a soft, washing. 3
clean cloth or sponge with wa-
ter to clean plastic. However, if
After normal use
the plastic parts cannot be thor- 4
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
oughly cleaned with water, di-
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
luted mild detergent with water
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
may be used. Be sure to rinse 5
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
off any detergent residue using
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
plenty of water, as it is harmful
and insects will come off more easily if 6
to plastic parts.
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
 Do not use any harsh chemical
a few minutes before cleaning.
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or 7
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
sponges which have been in
on salt-sprayed roads
contact with strong or abrasive
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on roads 8
cleaning products, solvent or
during winter are extremely corrosive in
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust re-
combination with water, carry out the
movers or inhibitors, brake flu- 9
following steps after each ride in the
id, antifreeze or electrolyte.
rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed
 Do not use high-pressure wash-
roads.
ers or steam-jet cleaners since 10
they cause water seepage and TIP
deterioration in the following ar- Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may
eas: seals (of wheel and swing- remain well into spring. 11
arm bearings, fork and brakes),
1. Clean the motorcycle with cold wa-
electric components (couplers,
ter and a mild detergent, after the 12
connectors, instruments,
engine has cooled down.
switches and lights), breather
NOTICE: Do not use warm water
hoses and vents.
since it increases the corrosive 13
 For motorcycles equipped with
action of the salt.[ECA10792]
a windshield: Do not use strong
2. Apply a corrosion protection spray
cleaners or hard sponges as
on all metal, including chrome- and 14
they will cause dulling or
nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent
7-2
2RD-28199-E1.book 3 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Motorcycle care and storage


corrosion. ECA10801

NOTICE
After cleaning  Apply spray oil and wax spar-
1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois ingly and make sure to wipe off
1 or an absorbing cloth. any excess.
2. Immediately dry the drive chain  Never apply oil or wax to any
and lubricate it to prevent it from rubber and plastic parts, but
2
rusting. treat them with a suitable care
3. Use a chrome polish to shine product.
3 chrome, aluminum and stainless-  Avoid using abrasive polishing
steel parts, including the exhaust compounds as they will wear
system. (Even the thermally in- away the paint.
4 duced discoloring of stainless-
steel exhaust systems can be re- TIP
moved through polishing.)  Consult a Yamaha dealer for ad-
5 4. To prevent corrosion, it is recom- vice on what products to use.
mended to apply a corrosion pro-  Washing, rainy weather or humid
tection spray on all metal, climates can cause the headlight
6 including chrome- and nickel-plat- lens to fog. Turning the headlight
ed, surfaces. on for a short period of time will
5. Use spray oil as a universal clean- help remove the moisture from the
7 er to remove any remaining dirt. lens.
6. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
8
7. Wax all painted surfaces.
8. Let the motorcycle dry completely
9 before storing or covering it.
EWA11132

WARNING
10 Contaminants on the brakes or tires
can cause loss of control.
 Make sure that there is no oil or
11 wax on the brakes or tires.
 If necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
12 regular brake disc cleaner or ac-
etone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild deter-
13 gent. Before riding at higher
speeds, test the motorcycle’s
braking performance and cor-
14
nering behavior.

7-3
2RD-28199-E1.book 4 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Motorcycle care and storage


EAU43204
head so that the electrodes are
Storage grounded. (This will limit spark-
ing during the next step.)
Short-term d. Turn the engine over several
Always store your motorcycle in a cool, times with the starter. (This will 1
dry place and, if necessary, protect it coat the cylinder wall with oil.)
against dust with a porous cover. Be WARNING! To prevent dam-
sure the engine and the exhaust sys- 2
age or injury from sparking,
tem are cool before covering the motor- make sure to ground the
cycle. spark plug electrodes while
ECA10811 3
turning the engine
NOTICE
over.[EWA10952]
 Storing the motorcycle in a e. Remove the spark plug cap 4
poorly ventilated room or cover- from the spark plug, and then
ing it with a tarp, while it is still install the spark plug and the
wet, will allow water and humid- spark plug cap. 5
ity to seep in and cause rust. 4. Lubricate all control cables and the
 To prevent corrosion, avoid pivoting points of all levers and
damp cellars, stables (because pedals as well as of the sides- 6
of the presence of ammonia) tand/centerstand.
and areas where strong chemi- 5. Check and, if necessary, correct
cals are stored. the tire air pressure, and then lift 7
the motorcycle so that both of its
Long-term wheels are off the ground. Alterna-
8
Before storing your motorcycle for sev- tively, turn the wheels a little every
eral months: month in order to prevent the tires
1. Follow all the instructions in the from becoming degraded in one 9
“Care” section of this chapter. spot.
2. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel 6. Cover the muffler outlet with a
stabilizer (if available) to prevent plastic bag to prevent moisture 10
the fuel tank from rusting and the from entering it.
fuel from deteriorating. 7. Remove the battery and fully
3. Perform the following steps to pro- charge it. Store it in a cool, dry 11
tect the cylinder, piston rings, etc. place and charge it once a month.
from corrosion. Do not store the battery in an ex-
a. Remove the spark plug cap cessively cold or warm place [less 12
and spark plug. than 0 C (30 F) or more than 30
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil C (90 F)]. For more information
on storing the battery, see page 13
into the spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug cap onto 6-31.
the spark plug, and then place TIP 14
the spark plug on the cylinder
Make any necessary repairs before
7-4
2RD-28199-E1.book 5 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Motorcycle care and storage


storing the motorcycle.

10

11

12

13

14

7-5
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Specifications
Dimensions: EAU69993
Air filter:
Overall length: Air filter element:
2085 mm (82.1 in) Oil-coated paper element
Overall width: Fuel:
750 mm (29.5 in) Recommended fuel: 1
Overall height: Regular unleaded gasoline (Gasohol [E10]
1095 mm (43.1 in) acceptable)
Seat height: Fuel tank capacity:
785 mm (30.9 in) 12 L (3.2 US gal, 2.6 Imp.gal) 2
Wheelbase: Fuel reserve amount:
1410 mm (55.5 in) 2.2 L (0.58 US gal, 0.48 Imp.gal)
Ground clearance: Fuel injection: 3
130 mm (5.12 in) Throttle body:
Minimum turning radius: ID mark:
2.4 m (7.87 ft) 2RD1 00
Weight: 4
Spark plug(s):
Curb weight: Manufacturer/model:
174 kg (384 lb) NGK/BPR6ES
Engine: Spark plug gap: 5
Combustion cycle: 0.7–0.8 mm (0.028–0.031 in)
4-stroke Clutch:
Cooling system: Clutch type: 6
Air cooled Wet, multiple-disc
Valve train: Drivetrain:
SOHC
Number of cylinders:
Primary reduction ratio: 7
2.567 (77/30)
Single cylinder Final drive:
Displacement: Chain
399 cm3 Secondary reduction ratio: 8
Bore  stroke: 2.947 (56/19)
87.0  67.2 mm (3.43  2.65 in) Transmission type:
Compression ratio: Constant mesh 5-speed 9
8.5 : 1 Gear ratio:
Starting system: 1st:
Kickstarter 2.357 (33/14)
Lubrication system: 2nd:
10
Dry sump 1.556 (28/18)
Engine oil: 3rd:
Recommended brand: 1.190 (25/21) 11
YAMALUBE 4th:
SAE viscosity grades: 0.917 (22/24)
10W-40
Recommended engine oil grade:
5th: 12
0.778 (21/27)
API service SG type or higher, JASO stan- Chassis:
dard MA Frame type:
Engine oil quantity: Semi double cradle 13
Oil change: Caster angle:
2.00 L (2.11 US qt, 1.76 Imp.qt) 27.7 
With oil filter removal: Trail: 14
2.10 L (2.22 US qt, 1.85 Imp.qt) 111 mm (4.4 in)

8-1
2RD-28199-E1.book 2 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Specifications
Front tire: Front suspension:
Type: Type:
With tube Telescopic fork
Size: Spring:
90/100-18M/C 54S Coil spring
1
Manufacturer/model: Shock absorber:
BRIDGESTONE/BT-45F Hydraulic damper
Rear tire: Wheel travel:
2 Type: 150 mm (5.9 in)
With tube Rear suspension:
Size: Type:
3 110/90-18M/C 61S Swingarm
Manufacturer/model: Spring:
BRIDGESTONE/BT-45R Coil spring
Loading: Shock absorber:
4 Hydraulic damper
Maximum load:
150 kg (331 lb) Wheel travel:
* (Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo 105 mm (4.1 in)
5 and accessories) Electrical system:
Tire air pressure (measured on cold System voltage:
tires): 12 V
6 Up to 90 kg (198 lb) load: Ignition system:
Front: TCI
175 kPa (1.75 kgf/cm2, 25 psi) Charging system:
Rear: AC magneto
7 Battery:
200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi)
90 kg (198 lb) load - maximum load: Model:
Front: GT4B-5
8 200 kPa (2.00 kgf/cm2, 29 psi) Voltage, capacity:
Rear: 12 V, 2.5 Ah (10 HR)
225 kPa (2.25 kgf/cm2, 33 psi) Headlight:
9 Front wheel: Bulb type:
Wheel type: Halogen bulb
Spoke wheel Bulb wattage  quantity:
Rim size: Headlight:
10 18 x 1.85 H4, 60.0 W/55.0 W x 1
Rear wheel: Brake/tail light:
Wheel type: 21.0 W/5.0 W  1
11 Spoke wheel Front turn signal light:
Rim size: 21.0 W  2
18 x 2.15 Rear turn signal light:
12 Front brake: 21.0 W  2
Type: Auxiliary light:
Hydraulic disc brake 4.0 W  1
Specified brake fluid: Meter lighting:
13 DOT 4 1.7 W  4
Rear brake: Neutral indicator light:
Type: 1.7 W  1
14 Mechanical leading trailing drum brake High beam indicator light:
1.7 W  1

8-2
2RD-28199-E1.book 3 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Specifications
Turn signal indicator light:
1.7 W  1
Fuel level warning light:
3.0 W  1
Engine trouble warning light:
1.7 W  1
1
Fuse(s):
Main fuse:
30.0 A 2
Headlight fuse:
15.0 A
Signaling system fuse: 3
15.0 A
Ignition fuse:
10.0 A
Parking lighting fuse: 4
7.5 A
Fuel injection system fuse:
7.5 A 5
Backup fuse:
7.5 A
6

10

11

12

13

14

8-3
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Consumer information
EAU53562
Record this number in the space pro-
Identification numbers vided.
Record the vehicle identification num-
ber, engine serial number, and the TIP
1 model label information in the spaces The vehicle identification number is
provided below. These identification used to identify your motorcycle and
numbers are needed when registering may be used to register your motorcy-
2 the vehicle with the authorities in your cle with the licensing authority in your
area and when ordering spare parts area.
from a Yamaha dealer.
3
EAU26442

VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUM- Engine serial number


BER:
4

ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER:


6
1

7 1. Engine serial number


MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
The engine serial number is stamped
8 into the crankcase.

9
EAU26401
Vehicle identification number
10

11

12
1
13
1. Vehicle identification number

14 The vehicle identification number is


stamped into the steering head pipe.
9-1
2RD-28199-E1.book 2 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Consumer information
EAU26481
Model label
1
1

3
1. Model label

The model label is affixed to the frame 4


under the seat. (See page 3-13.) Re-
cord the information on this label in the
space provided. This information will be 5
needed when ordering spare parts from
a Yamaha dealer.
6

10

11

12

13

14

9-2
2RD-28199-E1.book 1 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Index
A Headlight bulb, replacing ...................... 6-35
Air filter element, replacing ................... 6-13 High beam indicator light ........................ 3-2
Auxiliary light bulb, replacing ................ 6-36 Horn switch............................................. 3-5
B I
Identification numbers ............................ 9-1
1 Battery................................................... 6-31
Brake and clutch levers, checking and Ignition circuit cut-off system ................ 3-15
lubricating ........................................... 6-28 Indicator lights and warning lights .......... 3-2
Brake fluid, changing ............................ 6-24 K
2 Brake fluid level, checking .................... 6-23 Kickstarter ............................................ 3-12
Brake lever.............................................. 3-7 M
Brake lever free play, adjusting............. 6-19 Main switch/steering lock ....................... 3-1
3 Brake light switches .............................. 6-22 Maintenance and lubrication, periodic .... 6-4
Brake pads and shoes, checking .......... 6-22 Maintenance, emission control system... 6-3
Brake pedal............................................. 3-7 Matte color, caution ................................ 7-1
Brake pedal, checking and Model label ............................................. 9-2
4 lubricating ........................................... 6-28 N
Brake pedal height and free play, Neutral indicator light.............................. 3-2
adjusting ............................................. 6-20 P
5 C Panel, removing and installing ............... 6-7
Cables, checking and lubricating .......... 6-27 Parking ................................................... 5-6
Care ........................................................ 7-1 Part locations.......................................... 2-1
6 Catalytic converter ................................ 3-11 Pass switch ............................................ 3-5
Centerstand and sidestand, checking S
and lubricating .................................... 6-29 Safety information .................................. 1-1
Clutch lever ............................................. 3-6
7 Clutch lever free play, adjusting............ 6-18
Seat ...................................................... 3-13
Shifting ................................................... 5-3
D Shift pedal .............................................. 3-6
Decompression lever ............................ 3-12 Shift pedal, checking ............................ 6-21
8 Dimmer switch ........................................ 3-5 Shock absorber assemblies,
Drive chain, cleaning and lubricating .... 6-26 adjusting............................................. 3-13
Drive chain slack................................... 6-25 Sidestand ............................................. 3-14
9 E Spark plug, checking .............................. 6-8
Engine break-in....................................... 5-5 Specifications ......................................... 8-1
Engine idling speed, checking .............. 6-14 Speedometer unit ................................... 3-3
Engine oil and oil filter element ............... 6-9 Starting the engine ................................. 5-2
10 Engine serial number .............................. 9-1 Starting the engine, trouble .................... 5-3
Engine stop switch .................................. 3-5 Steering, checking ................................ 6-30
Engine trouble warning light.................... 3-3 Storage ................................................... 7-4
11 F Swingarm pivots, lubricating................. 6-29
Front fork, checking .............................. 6-30 T
Fuel ......................................................... 3-9 Tachometer ............................................ 3-4
12 Fuel cock............................................... 3-11 Tail/brake light bulb, replacing.............. 6-37
Fuel consumption, tips for reducing ........ 5-5 Throttle grip and cable, checking and
Fuel level warning light ........................... 3-2 lubricating........................................... 6-27
Fuel tank breather/overflow hose.......... 3-10 Throttle grip free play, checking ........... 6-14
13 Fuel tank cap .......................................... 3-8 Tires ..................................................... 6-15
Fuses, replacing.................................... 6-33 Tool kit .................................................... 6-2
H Troubleshooting.................................... 6-42
14 Handlebar switches................................. 3-4 Troubleshooting chart........................... 6-43
Hazard switch ......................................... 3-5 Turn signal indicator light ....................... 3-2

10-1
2RD-28199-E1.book 2 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分

Index
Turn signal light bulb, replacing.............6-38
Turn signal switch....................................3-5
V
Valve clearance.....................................6-15
Vehicle identification number ..................9-1
1
W
Wheel bearings, checking .....................6-31
Wheel (front)..........................................6-39
Wheel (rear) ..........................................6-40 2
Wheels ..................................................6-17

10

11

12

13

14

10-2
2RD-28199-E1.book 3 ページ 2015年9月3日 木曜日 午後3時42分
2RD-9-E1_hyoshi.indd 3 2015/09/16 13:46:32
Original instructions

PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER PRINTED IN JAPAN


2015.10–0.1×1 !
(E)

2RD-9-E1_hyoshi.indd 4 2015/09/16 13:46:32