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Question Bank Based on Board Papers

Prepared By Mrs. S.Srivastava

(The Solid States) 4 marks


SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)
Q9) Equal no. of cation & anion missing in the diagram is given.
(i) What are these types of vacancy defects called?
(ii) How is the density of crystal affected by these defects?
(iii) Name one ionic compound which can show this type of defect in
crystalline state.
(iv) How is the stoichiometry of compound affected?
Q10) Analysis shows that M.O. has E.F.M 0.96 O 1.00 Calculate % M 2+ & M 3+ ions
in
the crystal
Q10) In an ionic compound N- form cubic close type packing while the cation
M+
ions occupy one third of the tetrahedral voids. Deduce the formula of
compound & the C.N. of M+ ions.

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q5) A compound contains 2 types of atoms X & Y . It crystallizes in a cubic
lattice
with atom X at the corner & Y at body centres. What is the simplest
possible
formula of compound.
Q19) An element X with an at.mass 60 g/mol has density 6.23 g/cm 3 If the
edge
length of cubic unit cell is 400pm.Identify the type of cubic unit cell.
Calculate the radius of an atom of this element.

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q1) Name the type of point defect that occurs in a crystal of ZnS.
Q4) How many octahedral voids are there in one mole of a compound having
cubic close packed Structure?
Q9) An element crystallizes in BCC structure.If the edge length of the cell is
1.469 x 10 -10 m. & density is 19.3 g/cm3. Calculate the at. Mass of this
element.
Also calculate the radius of an atom of this element.

2008 D

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Q1)What is the C.N. of each type of ions in a rock salt type crystal structure?
Q19) what is a semiconductor? Describe the two main types of
semiconductors
& explain mechanism for their conduction.
Q1) What is the total no. of atoms per unit cell in a FCC structure?
Q1) What is the total no. of atoms per unit cell in a FCC structure?
Q1) What type of substance exhibits antiferromagnetism?
Q19) Reasons: (i) Frenkel defects are not found in alkali metal halides.
(ii)Schottky defects lower the density of related solids.
(iii) Impurity doped Si is a semiconductor.
Q19) Explain (i) Ferromagnetism (ii)Paramagnetism (iii) Ferrimagnetism.

2008 AI
Q1) What is the total no. of atoms per unit cell in a FCC structure?
Q19) Ag crystallizes in FCC lattice. The edge length of its unit cell is 4.077 x
10 -8
cm. & its density is 10.5 g/cm3 Calculate the at. Mass of Ag.

2008 F
Q1) What type of alignment in crystals make them ferromagnetic
Q19) Reasons: (i) Frenkel defects are not found in alkali metal halides.
(ii)Schottky defects lower the density of related solids.
(iii) Impurity doped Si is a semiconductor.
Q19) Explain (i) F-centre (ii)Paramagnetism (iii) Frenkel defect

2008 D COMPTT
Q1) Name an element with which Si should be doped to give n- type
semiconductor.
Q19) Explain (i) F-centre (ii) Schottky defect (iii) Ferromagnetism

2008 AI COMPTT
Q1) What are F- centres?
Q19)Reason: (i) Fe3O4 is ferromagnetic at room temperature but becomes
paramagnetic at 850K.
(ii) ZnO on heating becomes yellow.
(iii) Frenkel defect does not change the density of AgCl
crystals
Q19) With the help of suitable diagram, on the basis of Band theory,explain
the
difference between (a)A conductor & an insulator (b) A conductor &
semiconductor.
Q8) Why is glass considered a supercooled liquid
Q4) What is the two dimensional coordination no. of a sphere in square close
packing?

2009 AI
Q1) How do metallic & ionic substance differ in conducting electricity?
Q20) Ag crystallizes with FCC unit cells. Each side of the unit cell has a length
of
409 pm what is the radius of an atom of Ag?
Q1) Which point defect of its crystals decreases the density of a solid?
Q19) Fe has a BCC unit cell with a cell edge of 286.65 pm. The density of Fe
is
7.87 g/cm3. Calculate Avogadro’s no. (at. Mass Fe=56 g/mol)
Q1) What is the total no. of atoms per unit cell in a FCC structure?

2009 D
Q1) Which point defect in crystal does not alter the density of the relevant
solid?
Q1) Which point defect in crystal alter the density of solid?
Q1) Which point defect in crystal increases the density of solid?

2009 F
Q1) What is the no. of atoms in a BCC unit cell of a crystal

2009 D COMPTT
Q13) How are the following properties of crystals affected by Schottky &
Frenkel
defects?(i) density (ii) electrical conductivity
Q13) (a) In reference to crystal structure, explain the meaning of C.N.(b)
What is
the no. of atoms in a unit cell of FCC & BCC structure
Q14) Cu crystallizes into a FCC lattice with edge length 3.61 x 10 -8 cm.
Calculate
the density of Cu? (Cu = 63.5 g/mol)

2010 AI
Q1) What type of interaction hold the molecules together in a polar molecular
solid?
Q19 ) The density of Cu metal is 8.95 g / cm3 If the radius of Cu atom be
127.8pm
Is the unit cell simple cubic , BCC or FCC?
( Cu = 63.54 g /mol , NA = 6.02 x 10 23 mol-1)
Q1) What type of semiconductor is obtained when Si is doped with As?
Q19) Ag crystallizes in FCC cubic unit cell. Each side of the unit cell has a
length
of 409 pm. What is the radius of Ag atom.
Q1)Write distinguishing feature of metallic solids.
Q19) Ag crystallizes in FCC cubic unit cell. If the edge length of unit cell is
4.07 x 10-8 cm. and density 10.5 g/cm3. Calculate the atomic mass of
Ag
(NA = 6.02 x 10 23 mol-1)

2010 D
Q1)Write distinguishing feature of metallic solids from an ionic solid.
Q19)In one unit cell of CaF2 there are 4Ca2+ and 8 F- ions.Ca2+ are arranged in
FCC lattice.The F- ions fill all tetrahedral holes in the FCC lattice of Ca2+
ions,The edge of the unit cell is 5.46 x 10 -8 cm in length,the density of
solid
is 3.18 g/cm3.Calculate Avogadro’s no. (M.M. of CaF2 =78.08 g/mol)
Q1) Which point defect in crystal of solid does not change the density of solid
Q1) Which point defect in crystal of solid decreases the density of solid

2010 F
Q1) What is the no. of atoms in a unit cell of a simple cubic crystal?
Q19) Fe has a BCC unit cell with a cell edge of 286.65 pm. The density of Fe
is
7.87 g/cm3. Calculate Avogadro’s no. (at. Mass Fe=56 g/mol)

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q1) Why LiCl acquires pink colour when heated in Li vapours.
Q17) Sodium crystallizes in BCC unit cell. Calculate the approximate no. of
unit
cells in 9.2 g of sodium (Na = 23)
Q18) What is a semiconductor? Describe the two main types of
semiconductors.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q10) KF has CCP structure. Calculate the radius of unit cell if the side of the
cube or edge length is 400 pm.How many F- ions and octahedral
voids are
there in this unit cell.
Q11) Give reasons:
(a) Why is Frenkel defect found in AgCl?
(b)What is the difference between P doped and Ga doped semiconductors.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER III


Q9) Au )at.mass 197 u , at, radius= 0.144 nm) crystallizes in a FCC unit cell.
Determine the density of Au.(NA = 6.022 x 10 23 mol -1)
Q10) Classify each as being either p-type or n-type semiconductor. Give
reason.
(a)Si doped with In
(b) Si doped with P

2011 AI
Q9) Explain how you can determine the at.mass of an unknown metal if you
know
its mass, density and the dimensions of unit cell of its crystal.
Q10) Calculate the packing efficiency of a metal crystal for a simple cubic
lattice.
Q9)Define the following terms in relation to crystalline solids
(a) Unit cell (b) co-ordination no.
Give one example in each case.
2011 D
Q1) Crystalline solids are anisotropic in nature. What does this statement
mean?
Q19) Ag crystallizes in FCC unit cell. Each side of this unit cell has a length of
400pm. Calculate the radius of Ag atom.
Q1) Which stoichiometric defect in crystal increases density of solid?
Q19) The density of lead is 11.35 g/cm3 and the metal crystallizes with FCC
unit
cell. Estimate the radius of lead atom. (Pb = 207 g/mol)

2011 F
Q1) What is meant by an intrinsic semi conductors?
Q19) Al crystallizes in CCP. Radius of atom in metal is 125 pm.
(a) What is the length of side of unit cell?
(b)How many unit cells are there in 1cm3 of Al
Q1) How many atoms are there in one unit cell of BCC crystal?
Q19) Ag crystallizes in FCC unit cell. Each side of this unit cell has a length of
409 pm. Calculate the radius of Ag atom.

2010 D COMPTT
Q13) How are the following properties of crystals affected by Schottky and
Frenkel defects (i) density (ii) Electrical conductivity.
Q13) (a) In reference to crystal structure , explain the meaning of
coordination
number.
(b ) What is the number of atoms in a unit cell of
(i) a FCC structure (ii) a BCC structure
Q14) Copper crystallizes into an FCC lattice with edge length 3.61 x 10 -8 cm.
Calculate the density of copper (Cu= 63.5 g/mol ,NA = 6.022 x 1023 /mol)

2010 AI COMPTT
Q1) Give an example of an ionic compound which shows Frenkel defect.
Q19) Copper crystallizes into an FCC lattice and has a density of 8.930g/cm3
at
293 K . Calculate the radius of copper atom.
(Cu= 63.5 g/mol , NA = 6.022 x 1023 /mol)
2012 AI
Q1) how may the conductivity of an intrinsic semiconductor be increased?
Q19) copper crystallizes with FCC unit cell. if the radius of Cu atom is
127.8 pm, calculate the density of Cu metal. (at.mass of Cu = 63.55 u
and NA = 6.02 x 10 23 /mol)
Q19)iron has BCC unit cell with cell dimension of 286.65 pm. Density of iron
is
7.87 g/cm3.use this information to calculate Avogadro’s number.
(at.mass of Fe = 56.0u)
Q1) which stoichiometric defect increases the density of a solid?
Q1) what are n-type semiconductors?

2012 D
Q1) What is meant by doping?
Q19) Tungsten crystallizes in body centred cubic unit cell.If the edge of the
unit
cell is 316.5 pm.What is the radius of tungsten atom?
Q19) Iron has a body centred cubic unit cell with a cell dimension of 286.65
pm
The density of iron is 7.874 g/cm3 Use this information to Calculate
Avogadro’s number.(at. Mass of Fe = 55.845 u)
Q1)Write a point of differences between a metallic solid and an ionic solid
other
than metallic luster.

2012F
Q1)What is meant by the term ‘forbidden zone’ in reference to band theory of
solids?
Q19) Iron has a body centred cubic unit cell with a cell dimension of 286.65
pm
The density of iron is 7.874 g/cm3 Use this information to Calculate
Avogadro’s number.(at. Mass of Fe = 55.845 u)
Q19) Silver crystallizes in FCC unit cell.If the radius of silver atom is 145 pm,
what is the length of each side of unit cell?
Q1)Write a point of differences between a metallic solid and an ionic solid
other
than metallic luster.
Q1) Define paramagnetism with an example.

2013 AI
Q9) account for the following:
(i) schottky defects lower the density related solids.
(ii) Conductivity of silicon increases on doping it with phosphorus
Q10) aluminium crystallizes in a fcc structure .atomic radius of the metal is
125
pm. What is the length of the side of the unit cell of the metal?
Q9) (a) why does presence of excess of lithium makes LiCl crystals pink?
(b ) a solid with cubic crystal is made of two elements P and Q. atoms of Q
are at the corners of the cube and P at the body centre . what is the formula
of the compound.
Q13) (a) what change occurswhen AgCl is doped with CdCl2?
( b ) what type of semiconductor is produced when silicn is doped with
boron
Solid state

FORMULAE :
LIMITING RADIUS RATIO r+/ r-
FOR CsCl STRUCTURE r+ (CATION RADII) =0.732 (C.N.8)
r- (ANION RADII)
FOR NaCl STRUCTURE r+ (CATION RADII) =0.414-0.732 (C.N.6)
r- (ANION RADII)
FOR ZnS STRUCTURE r+ (CATION RADII) =0.225 – 0.414 (C.N.4)
r- (ANION RADII)
FORMULA OF ACOMPOUND:
NO. OF OCTAHEDRAL VOID=N
NO. OF TETRAHEDRAL VOID = 2N
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RADIUS OF THE SPHERE AND UNIT CELL
EDGE LENGTH
SIMPLE a =2r F.C.C. a = 4 / √2 r B.C.C. a = 4
/√3 r
DENSITY OF THE UNIT CELL
d = z M / a3 NA = no. of atoms per unit cell x molar mass
(cell edge length)3 x Avogadro’s No.
Imp. Points to be noted:
AS DENSITY OF ELEMENT IS GIVEN IN g/cm , THE EDGE LENGTH IS TO BE
3

CHANGED IN cm.
IF VALUE OF a IS GIVEN IN pm THEN IT SHOULD BE MULTIPLIED BY10 -30
FOR NaCl STRUCTURE CELL LENGTH = 2 X DISTANCE BETWEEN Na + AND Cl-
ION
IN SOME NUMERICALS

d = wt. OF ELEMENT X NO. OF ATOMS PER UNIT CELL


(CELL EDGELENGTH) 3 X NO. OF ATOMS PRESENT IN ELEMENT
M IS AT. MASS IN CASE OF ELEMENTS AND MOLAR MASS IN CASE OF IONIC
MOLECULE LIKE NaCl
VALUE OF z
SIMPLE CUBE = 1 B.C.C. = 2 F.C.C. = 4
CsCl = 1 , NaCl = 4 ,ZnS = 4

Question Bank

(Solutions) 5 marks

SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)


Q11) Diagram of R.O. given. (i)Name the process occurring in the above
plant.
(ii) To which container does the net flow of solvent take place?
(iii) Name one SPM which can be used in this plant.
(i) Give the practical use of the plant.
Q19) Heptane & Octane form an ideal solution at 373 K. The V.P. of the pure
liquid at this temperature is 105.2 KPa & 46.8 KPa resp. if the solution
contains 25g of heptanes & 28.5 g of octane. Calculate
(i) V.P. exerted by heptanes (ii) V.P. exerted by solution
(iii)mole fraction of octane in theV.P.

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q6) What is van’t Hoff factor for a compound which undergoes
tetramerization in
an organic compound ?
Q9)Ethylene glycol (M.M. = 62 g/mol) is an antifreeze. Calculate F.P. of
solution
containing 12.4 g of substance in 100 g of water. Would it be advisable
to
keep the substance in the car radiator during summer
(kf for water = 1.86 KKg/mol , Kb for water= 0.512 KKg/mol)
Q18) Reason: (a) At higher altitude people suffer from a disease called
anoxia. In
this disease they become weak & can’t think clearly.
(b) When HgI2 is added to KI , the F.P. is raised?

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q28) (a) Derive relationship between relative lowering of V.P. & mole fraction
of
the volatile liquid
(b)(i) Benzoic acid completely dimerises in benzene. What will be the V.P.
of a solution containing 61 g of benzoic acid per 500 g benzene when
the V.P. of pure benzene at the temp. of experiment is 66.6 Torr.
(ii) What would have been the V.P. in the absence of dimerization.
(iii) Derive a relationship between mole fraction & V.P. of a component of
an ideal solution in the liquid phase & vapour phase.
Q28) (a) Which aqueous solution has higher concentration 1M or 1 molal
solution
of the same mole? Give reason.
(b)0.5 g KCl was dissolved in 100 g water & the solution originally at 20 0C,
froze at -0.24 0C Calculate % ionization of salt (Kf= 1.86 KKg /mol)

2008 D
Q11) State Henry’s law correlating the pressure of a gas & its solubility in a
solvent & mention two applications for the law.
Q20) Calculate the temp. at which a solution containing 54 g of glucose
(C6H12O6) in 250 g of water will freeze (Kf for water =1.86 KKg/mol)
Q9) State Raoult’s law for solution of volatile liquids taking suitable
examples. Explain the meaning of positive & negative deviations from
Raoult’law.
Q9) Define the term O.P. Describe how the mol.mass of a substance can be
determined by a method based on measurement of O.P.

2008 AI
Q20) A solution containing 8 g. of substance in 100 g of diethyl ether boils at
36.86 0C whereas pure ether boils at 35.6 0C Determine the mol.mass of
solute.( Kb for ether = 2.02 KKg/mol)
Q20) Calculate the temperature at which a solution containing 54 g of
glucose
(C6H12O6) in 250 g of water will freeze.(Kf for water = 1.86 KKg/mol)

2008 F
Q3) (a) State how the V.P, of a solvent is affected when a non volatile is
dissolved
in it .
( b )A 5% solution ( by mass ) of cane sugar in water has a F.P. 271K
Calculate the F.P. of 5% (by mass) solution of glucose in water.
(F.P. of water is 273.15K,M.M.of sugar = 342g/mol & M.M. of glucose
= 180 g/mol)
Q4) (a) If density of water of a lake is 1.25 g/mol & 1 kg of lake water
contains
92g of Na+ ions. Calculate the molarity of Na+ ions in this lake
water.
(b)Calculate the mass of a non volatile solute ( mol mass 40 g/mol)
which
should be dissolved in 114 g of octane to reduce its V.P. to 80 %
(M.M. of octane = 114 g /mol )

2008 D COMPTT
Q28) (a) The depression of F.P. of water observed for the same molar concn of
acetic acid, trichloroacetic acid & triflouroacetic acid increases in
the
order as stated above .Explain .
( b )Calculate the depression in F.P. of water when 20 g of
CH3CH2CH(Cl) COOH is added to 500 g of water.
(Ka =1.4 x10-3, Kf= 1.86KKg /mol)
Q28) (a) State Henry’s law & mention its two important applications.
(b)Henry’s law constant for CO2 dissolving in water is 1.67 x 10 8 Pa at
298 K. Calculate the quantity of CO 2 in 1L of soda water when
packed under 2.5 atm CO2 pressure at 298 K.

2008 AI COMPTT
Q9) What is meant by negative deviation from Raoult’s law? Draw diagram to
illustrate the relationship between V.P. & mole fraction of components in
a
solution to represent negative deviation.
Q20) The b.p. elevation of 0.3g of acetic acid in 100g benzene is 0.0633K.
Calculate the molar mass of acetic acid from this data.What conclusion
can
you draw about the molecular state of the solute in solution?
(Kb for benzene = 2.53KKg/mol)
Q18) Distinguish between the terms molality & molarity.Under what
conditions
are the molarity & molality of a solution nearly the same?
Q26) The F.P. of a solution containing 0.2 g of acetic acid in 20 g of benzene
is
lowered by 0.450 Calculate (i) the mol.mass of acetic acid from this
data.
(ii) van’t Hoff factor
(Kf benzene = 5.12 K Kg/mol) What conclusion can you draw from the
value of
van’t Hoff factor obtained.
Q13) What are non ideal solutions? Give one example.Explain as to why non
ideal
solution deviate from Raoult’s law.
Q21) Calculate the amount of KCl which must be added to 100 g of water so
that
water freezes at –20C Assume that KCl undergoes complete
dissociation.
(Kf = 1.86KKg/mol , K=39,Cl=35.5)

2009 AI
Q28) (a) Define (i) mole fraction (ii) van’t Hoff factor
(b)100mg of a protein is dissolved in enough water to make 10 ml of a
solution.If this solution has an O.P. of 13.3 mm Hg at 25 0CWhat is the
molar mass of protein? (R= 0.0821 Latm/mol/K & 760 mm Hg=1atm)
Q28) (a) What is meant by (i) Colligative property (ii) molality of solution
(b)What concentration of N2 should be present in a glass of water at
room temp.?Assume temp. of 250C , a total pressure of 1 atm & mole
fraction of N2 in air of 0.78
(KH for N2 = 8.42 x 10 –7 M/mmHg)

2009 D
Q13) Differentiate between molality & molarity of solution.What is the effect
of
change in temp. of a solution on its molality or molarity?
Q19) Calculate F.P. depression expected for 0.0711 m aq.solution of Na 2SO4.
If
this solution actually freezes at –0.320C What would be the value of
van’t
Hoff factor (Kf for water = 1.86KKg/mol)

2009 F
Q2) What is reverse osmosis?

2009 D COMPTT
Q5) Define the term Osmotic Pressure.
Q6) State the main advantage of molality over molarity as the unit of
Concentration
Q27) Calculate the amount of NaCl which must be added to 1 kg of water is
depressed by 3K. ( Kf = 1.86KKg/mol, Na=23,Cl=35.5)
Q5) State Raoult’s law for solution of volatile liquid.
Q6) Define ideal solution
Q19) A solution of urea in water has a b.p. 373.128K Calculate the F.P. of the
same solution. (Kf = 1.86Km-1 , Kb=0.52Km-1)
Q23) 0.1 mole of acetic acid was dissolved in 1 kg of benzene. Depression in
F.P.
of benzene was determined to be 0.256K. What is the state of
solution?
(Kf for benzene = 5.12K/m)

2010 AI
Q9) Define the term osmosis and osmotic pressure.What is the advantage of
using O.P. as compared to other colligative properties for the
determination
of molar masses of solute in solution.
Q20) What mass of NaCl ( M.M. = 58.5 g/mol) must be dissolved in 65 g of
water
to lower the F.P. by 7.5 0C ? The F.P. depression constant Kf for water is
1.86 Kkg/mol. Assume that van’t Hoff factor for NaCl is 1.87.
Q20) What mass of ethylene glycol (M.M = 62 g/mol) must be added to 5.5
kg of
water to lower the F.P. of water from 0 0 C to – 10 0C ?
(Kf for water = 1.86 Kkg/mol)
Q20) 15 g of an unknown molecular substance was dissolved in 450 g of
water .
The resulting solution freezes at – 0.340C What is the molar mass of
substance?
(Kf for water = 1.86 Kkg/mol)
Q2) Differentiate between molarity and molality of a solution.

2010 D
Q9)Non ideal solution exhibits either +ve or –ve deviation from Raoult’s
law.What
are these deviations and why they are caused?Explain with one example
of
each.
Q20) A solution prepared by dissolving 1.25 g of oil of winter green in 99 g
benzene has a b.p. of 80.31 0C.Determine the molar mass of this
compound.
( b.p. of pure benzene = 80.10 0C. and Kb for benzene = 2.530C kg/mol.)
Q20) A solution of glycerol(M.M. = 92 g/mol) in water was prepared by
dissolving
some glycerol in 500 g of water.This solution has a b.p. of 100.42 0C
What
mass of glycerol was dissolved to make the solution.
(Kb for water = 0.512 Kkg/mol)

2010 F
All questions repeated

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q28) (a)Menthol is a crystalline substance with peppermint taste. A 6.2%
solutionOf menthol in cyclohexane freezes at-1.950 C. Determine the
formula mass of menthol.The F.P. and molal depression constant of
cyclohexane are 6.5 0C and 20.2 K m-1 respectively,
(b) State Henry’law and mention its two important applications.
( c ) Which of the following has higher b.p. and why?
0.1M NaCl or 0.1M glucose
Q28)(a) Define azeotropes and explain briefly minimum boiling azeotrope by
taking suitable example.
( b ) The V.P. of pure liquids A and B are 450 mm and 700 mm of Hg
respectively at 350 K.Calculate the composition of liquid mixture
if
total V.P, is 600 mmHg.Also find th composition of the mixture in
vapour phase.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q13) State Raoult’s law for a solution containing volatile liquids.Explain with
suitable example the concept of max. boiling azeotrope.
Q24)On dissolving 19.5 g of CH2FCOOH in 500 g of water a depression of 1 0C
in
F.P. of water is observed. Calculate the van’t Hoff factor and
dissociation
constant of flouro acetic acid, Given Kf = 1.86Kkg/mol

NEW SAMPLE PAPER III


Q1) A and B liquids on mixing produce a warm solution. Which type of
deviation
from Raoult’s law is there?
Q11) Determine the molarity of an antifreeze solution containing 250 g water
mixed with 222 g ethylene glycol. The density of the solution is 1.07
g/ml
Q12)An aqueous solution containing urea was found to haveb.p. more than
the
normal b.p. of water(313.13K)When the same solution was cooled it
was
found that its F.P, is les than the normal b.p. of water(273.13K)
Explain these observations
2011 AI
Q11)State the following.
(a) Raoult’s law in its general formin reference to solutions
(b)Henry’s law about partial pressure of a gas in a mixture
Q19) A solution prepared by dissolving 8.95 mg of a gene fragment in 35 ml
of
Water has an O.P. of 0.335 Torr at 25 0 V Assuming that the gene
fragment
is a non electrolyte,calculate its molar mass.
Q19)What mass of NaCl must be dissolved in 65 g of water to lower the F.P. of
water by7.5 0C?TheKf for water is1.86 0C/m. Assume van’t Hoff factor
for
NaCl is1.87(M.M. of NaCl is 1.87(M.M. of NaCl=58.5 g)
Q2)What is reverse osmosis?
Q3)Differentiate between molarity and molality values for solution.What is
the
effect of change in temperature on molarity and molality values?
2011 D
Q28) (a) Differentiate between molarity and molality for a solution. How does
a
change in temperature influence their values.
(b ) Calculate F.P. of aq. solution containing 10.5 g of MgBr2 in 200g of
water (MM of MgBr2 = 184g) (Kf for water = 1.86 Kkg/mol)
Q28) (a) Define osmosis and osmotic pressure. Is the O.P.of a solution a
colligative property? Explain.
(b )Calculate the b.p. of a solution prepared by adding 15 g of NaCl to
250 g
of water.(Kf for water = 0.512 Kkg/mol , M.M. of NaCl = 58.44g)
Q28) (a) repeated
(b ) What would be the M.M. of a compound if 6.21 g of it dissolved in
24 g of
chloroform a solution that has a b.p. of 68.04 0C. The b.p. of pure
chloroform is 61.7 0C . ( Kb for chloroform = 3.63 0C/m)

2011 F
Q2) State Henry’s law about partial pressure of a gas in a mixture.
Q9) Differentiate between molarity and molality for a solution. Explain how
molarity value of a solution can be converted into its molality.
Q10) A 0.561 m solution of an unknown electrolyte depresses the F.P. of
water
by 2.93 0C. What is van’t Hoff factor for this electrolyte. (Kf = 1.86
0C
/kg/mol)

2010 D COMPTT
Q5) Define the term Osmotic Pressure.
Q6) State the main advantage of molality over molarity as the unit of
concentration.
Q27) Calculate the amount of NaCl which must be added to one kg of water
so
that the F.P. of water is depressed by 3K.
(Kf = 1.86 Kkg /mol,Na =23, Cl=35.5)
Q4) State Raoult’s law for a solution of volatile liquids
Q19) A solution of urea in water has a b.p. of 373.128K.Calculate the F.P. of
the
Same solution.(Kf for water = 1.86K/m , Kb = 0.52 K/m)
Q1) Define an ideal solution.
Q23) 0.1 mole of acetic acid was dissolved in 1 kg of benzene. Depression in
F.P. of benzene was determined to be 0.256 K . What conclusion can
you
draw about the state of the solute in solution (Kf for benzene = 5.12
K/m)

2010 AI COMPTT
Q2) Define the term, mole fraction.
Q9) State Henry’s law and mention its two important applications.
Q10) Calculate the mass of ascorbic acid (C6H8O6) to be dissolved in 75 g of
acetic acid to lower its melting point by 1.5 0C
(Kf for acetic acid = 3.9 Kkg /mol)
Q17) Find the b.p. of a solution containing 0.520 g of glucose (C6H12O6)
dissolved in 80.2 g of water.(Kb for water =0.52 K/m)
Q18)Define the term Molarity of a solution. State one disadvantage in using
the
molarity as the unit of concentration.
Q13) Find the f.p. of a solution containing 0.520 g of glucose (C6H12O6)
dissolved in 80.2 g of water.(Kf for water = 1.86 K/m)

2012 AI
Q28) (a) define the following terms:
(i) Mole fraction
(ii) Ideal solution
(b) 15 g of an unknown molecular material is dissolved in 450 g of
water.
the resulting solution freezes at -0.34 0 C. what is the molar mass of
the material?(Kf for water = 1.86 Kkg /mol)
Q28) (a) explain the following:
(i) Henry’s law about dissolution of gases in a liquid
(ii) Boiling point elevation constant for a solvent
(b)a solution of glycerol (C3H8O3) in water was prepared by dissolving some
glycerol in 500 g of water. this solution has b.p.of 100.42 0C.what mass
of
glycerol was dissolved to make this solution?
(Kb for water = 0.512 K kg /mol. )

2012D
Q9)A 1 molal aqueous solution of trichloroacetic acid is heated to its b.p. The
solution has the b.p. of 100.18 0C.Determine the van’t Hoff factor for
trichloroacetic acid.(Kb for water = 0.512Kkg/mol)
Q20) Calculate the amount of KCl which must be added to 1kg of water so
that
the f.p. is depressed by 2K.(Kf for water = 1.86Kkg/mol)
Q20) a solution of glycerol (C3H8O3) in water was prepared by dissolving
some
glycerol in 500 g of water. this solution has b.p.of 100.42 0C.what mass
of
glycerol was dissolved to make this solution?
(Kb for water = 0.512 K kg /mol. )
Q20) 15 g of an unknown molecular material is dissolved in 450 g of water.
the resulting solution freezes at -0.34 0 C. what is the molar mass of
the material?(Kf for water = 1.86 Kkg /mol)

2012 F
Q9) (a) Define the following terms:
(i) Van’t Hoff factor
(ii) Mole fraction
(iii) Ebullioscopic constant
(b)State Raoult’s law
Q9) the density of water of a lake is1.25 g/ml and 1kg of this water contains
92 g
of Na+ ions.What is the molarity of Na+ ions in the water of the lake?
(at.mass of Na = 23 u )
Q20) At 250C the saturated V.P. of water is 3.165 kPa (23.75 mm Hg). Find the
saturated vapour pressure of a 5% aqueous solution of urea
(carbamide) at
the same temperature. ( molar mass of urea = 60.05 g/mol)
Q20) Calculate the F.P. depression expected for 0.0711 m aqueous solution of
sodium sulphate. If the solution actually freezes at -0.320 0C,what is the
actual value of van’t Hoff factor at this temperature?
(Kf for water =1.86Kkg/mol)

2013 AI
Q28) (a) state Raoult’s law for a solution containing volatile components.
How does Raoult’s law become a special case of Henry’s law?
( b) 1.00 g of a non electrolyte solute dissolved in 50 g of benzene
lowered the freezing point of benzene by 0.40 K. Find the molar mass
of the solute. (Kf for benzene = 5.12 Kkg mol -1)
Q28) (a) define the following trms:
(i) Ideal solution
(ii) Azeotrope
(iii) Osmotic pressure
( b) a solution of glucose (C6H12O6) in water is labeled as 10 % by
weight. What would be the molality of the solution?
(molar mass of glucose = 180 g mol -1)

SOLUTION:

FORMULAE

∆Tb = Kb. wB .1000


MB .wA

∆Tf = Kf. wB .1000


MB .wA

Π.V= wB . R T
MB

 FOR IONIC SOLUTE:

∆Tb = i Kb * m

∆Tf = i Kf * m

Π = i CRT

THE VALUE OF i MAY BE CONSIDERED 100% IF IONIZATION IS


NOT GIVEN
 NOTE: DON’T CHANGE THE UNIT OF ∆Tb OR ∆Tf FROM 0C
TO K

 OSMOTIC PRESSURE

 IF THE VALUE OF R IS GIVEN 0.083 Lbar /mol.K , Π


SHOULD BE IN bar

 VOLUME OF SOLUTION WOULD BE IN LITRES.

 WEIGHT OF SOLUTE SHOULD BE IN gm.

 TEMP. SHOULD BE IN KELVIN

 3% SOLUTION MEANS w = 3g & Vol. is 100 ml.

 RAOULT’S LAW:

FOR VOLATILE COMPONENT:

P1 = P01 *X1

P2 = P02 * X2

TOTAL V.P. OF SOLUTION P = P1 + P2

FOR NON VOLATILE COMPONENT:

FOR DILUTE SOLUTION

EXPRESSION OF CONCENTRATION:

MOLE FRACTION XA = nA/nA +nB

Molality (m) = wB * 1000 (no. of moles present in 1kg


solvent)
MB *wA

Molarity (M) = = wB * 1000 ((no. of moles present in


1L solution)
MB *Vol (ml)

RELATION SHIP BETWEEN MOLARITY AND MOLALITY


m = M____________
d-MB/100

HENRY’S LAW:

P = KH * X

VAN’T HOFF FACTOR:

i = NORMAL M.M./ ABNORMAL M.M.


= OBSERVED /CALCULATED

i < 1 (ASSO) i > 1 (DISSO) i = 1 (NO ASSO OR DISSO)

FOR COMPLETE DISSOCIATION i for KCl = 2 ,for CH3COOH


= ½ ,for K2SO4 =3

DEGREE OF DISSOCIATION

α = i - 1 / n -1

DEGREE OF ASSOCIATION

α = i - 1 / 1/n -1

Question Bank

(Electrochemistry) 5 marks

SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)


Q12) Write the chemical equations for the steps involved in rusting of iron.
Give
one method to prevent rusting of iron
Q20) For the galvanic cell
Mg(s) + 2Ag+ (0.0001M Mg2+ (0.1M) + 2Ag(s)
E0Mg2+/Mg = -2.36V, E0Ag+/Ag = 0.81V
Calculate Ecell,E0cell. Write cell representation.Will the reaction be
spontaneous?

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q29)(a)Calculate the eq. Const. for the reaction Zn + Cd2+  Zn2+ + Cd
E0Cd2+/Cd = -0.403V, E0Zn2+/Zn = -0.763V
(b) When a current of 0.75A is passed through a CuSO 4 solution for 25
min.
0.369 g of Cu is deposited at the cathode. Calculate at. mass of Cu
(c ) Tarnished Ag contains Ag2S Can this tarnish be removed by placing
tarnished Ag ware in an Al pan containing an electrolytic solution
such
as NaCl.The E0 for half reactions are Ag2S
Ag2S + 2e  2Ag + S2- is –0.17V
Al3+ +3e  Al is -1.66V
Q29) (a) Calculate ∆G0 for the following reaction at 250C
Au + Ca2+(0.1M)  Au3+(1M) + Ca
E0Au3+/Au = +1.5V, E0Cd2+/Cd = -0.403V
Predict whether the reaction will be spontaneous or not at 25 0C Which
of the
above two half cells will act as an O.A. & which one will be a R.A.
(b)The conductivity of 0.001M acetic acid is 4 x 10 –5 S/cm Calculate the
dissociation const. of acetic acid if limiting molar conductivity for acetic
acid
is 390.5 Scm2/mol

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q10) Molar conductivity vs square root of conc. is given
(a) What can you say about the nature of the two electrolytes A & B
(b)How do you account for the increases in molar conductivity for
strong electrolyte A & weak electrolyte B on dilution.
Q19) (a) A current of 1.5 A was passed through an electrolytic cell containing
AgNO3 soln. With an inert electrodes. The weight of Ag deposited
was
1.5 g How long did the current flow?
(b)Write the reactions taking place at the anode & cathode in the
above cell.
(c)Give reactions taking place at the two electrodes if these are
made up of Ag.

2008 D
Q28) Conductivity of 0.00241M acetic acid solution is 7.896x10 –5 S cm-1
Calculate its molar conductivity in this soln. If limiting molar
conductivity
for acetic acid be 390.5Scm2mol-1 What would be the its dissociation
const?
Q28) Three electrolytic cells A,B,C containing soln. of ZnSO 4,AgNO3,CuSO4
resp.
are connected in series A steady current of 1.5 A was passed through
them
until 1.45 g of Ag was deposited at the cathode of cell B How long did
the
current flow? What mass of Cu & what mass of Zn were
deposited in the concerned cell?(Ag = 108, Zn = 65.4 ,Cu =63.5)
Q2) What is primary cell? Give one example
Q10) The conductivity of a 0.2M soln. of KCl at 298 K is 0.0248 Scm -1.
Calculate
its molar conductivity.
Q11) Formulate the galvanic cell in which the following reaction tale place
Zn + 2Ag+  Zn2+ + 2Ag
(i) Which one of its electrodes is negatively charged?
(ii) The reaction taking place at each of its electrode
(iii) The carriers of current within & out side this cell.
Q2) Express the relation between conductivity & molar conductivity of a soln.
Q10) The resistance of cond. Cell containing 0.001 M KCl soln. at 298 K is
1500
ohm What is the cell const. if the conductivity of 0.001 M soln. at 298
K is
0.146 x 10 –3 S cm-1

2008 AI
Q10) Depict the Galvanic cell for the reaction
Zn + 2Ag+  Zn 2+ + 2Ag
What are the carriers of current inside and outside the cell.State the
reactions at each electrode.

2008 F
Repeated Questions.

2008 D COMPTT
Q6) Illustrate with the help of diagram how the molar conductivities of a
(i) strong electrolyte (ii) weak electrolyte
vary with dilution of soln. Give reason for this variation
Q20) Calculate E0cell for the following.
2Cr + 3Cd2+  2Cr3+ + 3Cd Calculate ∆G0 & eq. Const. K of the above
reaction
at 25 0C (E0Cd2+/Cd = -0.40V, E0Cr3+/Cr = -0.74V)

2008 AI COMPTT
Q28) (a) Explain why electrolysis of an aq. Soln. of NaCl gives H 2 at cathode
& Cl2
at anode. (E0Na+/Na = -2.71V, E0H2O/H2 = -0.83V, E0Cl2/2Cl- =
+1.36V
E02H+/1/2O2/H2O = +1.23V)
(b)The resistance of cond. Cell containing 0.05 M soln of an
electrolyte X at 40 is 100 ohm The same cell is filled with 0.01M
0C

soln. of electrolyte. Y has a resistance of 50 ohm The cond. of 0.05


M soln of electrolyte X is 1.0 x 10 –4 Scm-1 Calculate
(i)cell const. (ii) conductivity of 0.01 M Y soln.(iii) molar conductivity
of
0.01M Y soln.
Q28) (a) State Kohlrausch law of independent migration of ions. How can the
degree of dissociation
of acetic acid in a soln. to be calculated from its molar conductivity
data.
(b)(i) Formulate the galvanic cell 2Cr + 3Fe2+  2Cr3+ + 3Fe
(ii)Calculate E0cell.
(iii)Calculate Ecell at 250C if [Cr3+] = 0.1M , [Fe2+] = 0.01 M
(E0Cr3+/Cr = -0.74V , E0Fe2+/Fe = -0.44V)

2009 AI
Q9) What type of cell is a lead storage battery? Write the anode & cathode
reaction & the overall reactions occurring in the use of a lead storage
battery.
Q9)Two half cell reactions of an electrochemical cells are given below.
MnO4- + 8H++ 5 e  Mn 2+ + 4H2O E0 = +1.51V
Sn2+  Sn 4+ + 2e E0 = +0.15V
Construct the redox equation from the two half cell reactions & predict if
this
reaction favours formation of reactants or product shown in the
equation.
Q21) A Cu-Ag cell is set up. The Cu 2+ concentration in it is 0.1M The Ag+
concentration is not known. The cell potential measured 0.422V
Determine
concentration of Ag+ in the cell.
Given: (E0Ag+/Ag = 0.80V,E0Cu2+/Cu = +0.80V)
Q21) A voltaic cell is set up at 25 0C with the following half cells
Al/Al 3+ (0.001M) & Ni/Ni 2+ (0.5M)
Write the equation for the cell reaction that occurs when the cell
generates
an electric current & determine the cell potential.
(E0Ni2+/Ni = -0.25V, E0Al3+/AlCr = -1.66V)

2009 D
Q28) (a) Define molar conductivity of a substance & describe how far weak &
strong electrolyte,molar cond. Changes with conc. of solute . How is
such
change. Explain.
(b) A voltaic cell is set up at 25 0C with the following half cells
Ag+ (0.001M)/Ag & Cu 2+ (0.1M)/Cu
What would be the voltage of this cell? (E0cell. + 0.46V)
Q28)(a) State the relationship amongst cell const. of a cell,resistance of the
soln.
in the cell & cond. Of soln. How is molar cond. Of a solute related to
cond.
Of its soln.
(b) Calculate K for the reaction Fe+ Cd2+  Fe2+ + Cd
(E0Fe2+/Fe = -0.44V, E0Cd2+/Cd = -0.40V)
Q28) (a) Define molar conductivity.How is it related to cond. Of the related
soln.
(b)One half cell in voltaiccell is constructedfrom a silver wire dipped
in AgNO3 soln. of unknown conc.Its other half cell consists of a
Znelectrode dipping in 1.0 M soln. of Zn(NO 3)2.A voltage of 1.48V is
measured for this cell. Calculate [Ag+ ]
(E0Zn2+/Zn = -0.76V, E0Ag+/Ag = 0.80V)
Q28)(a) Corrosion is essentially an electrochemical phenomenon. Explain the
reactions occurring during the corrosion of iron kept in an open
atmosphere.
(b) Calculate K for the reaction Fe+ Cd2+  Fe2+ + Cd
(E0Fe2+/Fe = -0.44V, E0Cd2+/Cd = -0.40V)

2009 F
Repeated Questions

2009 D COMPTT
Q28 ) (a) Explain why electrolysis of an aq. Soln. of NaCl gives H 2 at cathode
&
Cl2 at anode. (E0Na+/Na = -2.71V, E0H2O/H2 = -0.83V, E0Cl2/2Cl- =
+1.36V
E02H+/1/2O2/H2O = +1.23V)
(b)The resistance of cond. Cell containing 0.001 M KCl soln. at 298 K
is
1500 ohm What is the cell const. if the conductivity of 0.001 M
soln. at 298 K is 0.146 x 10 –3 S cm-1
Q28) (a)Calculate emf for the given cell at 5 0C Cr/Cr3+(0.1M)//Fe2+ (0.01M)/Fe
(E0Fe2+/Fe = -0.44V, E0Cr3+/Cr = -0.74V)
(b)Calculate the strength of current required to deposit 1.2 g Mg from
molten MgCl2 in 1 hour. [1F =96500C/mol at.mass Mg =24]

2010 AI
Q2) What is meant by Limiting molar conductivity?
Q11) Given that E0 of metals are K+/K = -2.93V,Ag+/Ag = 0.80V,
Cu2+/Cu = 0.34V,Mg2+/Mg = -2.37V,Cr3+/Cr = -0.74V,Fe2+/Fe =
-0.44V.
Arrange these metals in increasing order of their reducing power.
Q11) Two half reactions of an electrochemical cells are given below
MnO4- + 8H+ + 5e  Mn2+ + 4 H2O E0 = +1.51V
Sn2+  Sn4+ + 2e E0 = +0.15V
Costruct the redox reaction equation from the two half reactions and
calculate the cell potentials and predict if the reaction is reactant or
product favoured?
Q10) Express the relation among cell constant, the resistance of the solution
in
the cell and conductivity of solution.How is the conductivity of solution
related to its molar conductivity?

2010 D
Q28)(a)State Kohlrausch law of independent migration of ions.Write an
expression for the molar conductivity of acetic acid at infinite dilution
according to Kohlrausch law.
(b)Calculate limiting molar conductivity for acetic acid. Given that limiting
molar
conductivity of HCl,NaCl,CH3COONa are 426,126,91 Scm2 mol-1
respectively.
Q28)(a) Write the anode and cathode reactions and overall reactions
occurring
in a lead storage battery.
(b )A Cu-Ag cell is set up [Cu2+]=0.1M [Ag+] is not known. The cell potential
when measured was 0.422V.Determine the concentration of Ag+ ions in
the
cell.(Given E0Ag+/Ag = 0.80V, E0Cu2+/Cu = 0.34V)

2010 F
Q9) Write the anode and cathode reactions occurring in a commonly used Hg

cell. How is the overall reaction represented?
Q20)One Half cell in a voltaic cell is constructed from Ag wire dipped in
AgNO3
solution of unknown concentration .The other half cell consists of Zn
electrode in 0.1M solution of Zn(NO3)2.A voltage of 1.48V is measured for
this
cell.Calculate concentration of AgNO3 solution.
(Given E0Ag+/Ag = 0.80V, E0Zn2+/Zn = - 0.763V)
Q20) A voltaic cell is set up at 250C with the following half cells Al3+
(0.001M) and
Ni2+ (0.5M) Write equation and determine Ecell.
(Given E0Al3+/Al = -1.66 V, E0Ni2+/Ni = - 0.25V)

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q2) Write the product obtained at anode on electrolysis of conc. H2SO4 using
Pt
electrode.
Q9) (i) For a weak electrolyte molar conductance in dilute solution increases
sharply as the concentration in solution is decreased . Give reason.
(ii) Write overall cell reaction for lead storage battery when the battery
is being charged.
Q19)(a)Calculate the charge in Coulombs required for oxidation of 2 moles of
water to oxygen.(1 F = 96500 C/mol)
( b ) Zn/Hg oxide cell is used in hearing aids and electric
watches.The following reactions occur
Zn(s)  Zn2+ + 2 e E0Zn2+/Zn = - 0.76V)
Hg2O+H2O + 2e  2Hg + 2OH- E0Hg+/Hg = - 0.344V)
Calculate (i) standard potential of the cell
(ii ) standard Gibb’s energy

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q12) Describe the construction of a H2 –O2 fuel cell and the reactions taking
place in it.
Q12) Define the terms given below.
(a) Conductivity (b) molar conductivity
Wh at are their units?
Q19) Give reasons:
(a)Why does an alkaline medium inhibit the rusting of iron?
(b) Why does a dry cell become dead after a long time even if it has not
been
used?
( c ) Why is Zn better than Sn in protecting iron from corrosion?

NEW SAMPLE PAPER III


Q28) (a) Two electrolytic cells containing AgNO3 solution and dil. HCl solution
were connected in series A steady current of 2.5 A was passed
through
them till 1.078 g of Ag was deposited. [Ag = 107.8 g/mol, 1F = 96500
C]
(i) How much electricity was consumed?
(ii) What was the weight of O2 gas liberated?
(b)Give reasons:
(i) Rusting of iron pipe can be prevented by joining it with a piece
of Mg
(ii) Conductivity of an electrolyte solution decreases with the
decrease in concentration.
Q28)(a) What is a fuel cell? What is the main advantage?
( b ) What are the reactions occurring at the cathode and anode of a
Lachlanche cell?
(c) In a button cell widely used for watches and other devices the
following reactions takes place
Zn(s)+Hg2O+H2O  2Hg + 2OH- + Zn2+
Give the cell representation and determine the value of Kc for the
above reactions using the following data. Zn(s)  Zn2+ + 2 e
E0Zn2+/Zn = - 0.76V)
Hg2O+H2O + 2e  2Hg + 2OH- ( E0Hg+/Hg = - 0.344V)
Zn2+ + 2 e  Zn(s) ( E Zn2+/Zn = - 0.76V)
0

2011 AI
Q28) (a) What type of cell is a lead storage battery? Write the anode &
cathode
reaction & the overall reactions occurring in the use of a lead storage
battery.
(b ) Calculate the potential for half cell containing 0.1M K2Cr2O7 (aq) , 0.2M
Cr3+(aq)and 1.0 x 10 -4 M H+.The half cell reaction is
Cr2O7 2- (aq) + 14 H+(aq) + 6 e  2 Cr3+(aq) + 7 H2O(l)
And the standard electrode potential is given as E0 = 1.33V
Q28) (a) How many moles ofHg will be produced by electrolyzing 1M
Hg(NO3)2
solution with a current of 2 A for 3 hours? [Hg(NO3)2 = 200.6 g/mol]
(b) A voltaic cell is set up at 250C with the following half cells Al3+ (0.001M)
and
Ni2+ (0.5M) Write equation and determine Ecell.
(Given E0Al3+/Al = -1.66 V, E0Ni2+/Ni = - 0.25V)
2011 D
Q2) Express the relation between conductivity and molar conductivity of a
solution held in a cell’
Q9) The chemistry of corrosion of iron is an electrochemical phenomenon.
Explain the reactions occurring in the corrosion of iron in the
atmosphere.
Q10) Determine the value of Kc and ∆ G0 for Ni + 2Ag +  Ni2+ + 2Ag
(E0 cell = 1.05V)

2011 F
Q11) Determine the value of Kc and ∆ G0 for Ni + 2Ag +  Ni2+ + 2Ag
(E0 cell = 1.05V)
Q20) A voltaic cell is set up at 25 0C with the following half cells
Al 3+ (0.001 M) and Ni2+ (0.5 M) Write the cell reaction and determine
the
cell potential. (E0 Ni2+/Ni = 0.258V , E0 Al3+ /Al = -1.66 V)

2010 D COMPTT
Q28)(a) Explain why electrolysis of aq. solution of NaCl gives H2 at cathode
and
Cl2 at anode.Write overall reaction.
( E0 Na+/Na = - 2.71 V,E0 H2O/H2 = - 0.83 V, E0 Cl2/Cl- = + 1.36V,
E0 H+/H2/H2O = + 1.23V)
(b ) The resistance of a conductivity cell containing 0.001 M KCl solution at
298K
is 1500 Ω Calculate the cell constant if conductivity of 0.001M KCl
solution at
298 K is 0.146 x 10 -3 S/cm.
Q28) (a) Calculate the emf for the given cell at 250C.
Cr/Cr 3+ (0.1M)//Fe2+(0.01M)/Fe
(E0 Cr3+/Cr = -0.74V , E0 Fe2+ /Fe = -0.44 V)
(b ) Calculate the strength of the current required to deposit 1.2 g of Mg from
molten MgCl2 in 1 hour.( 1F = 96500 C / mol , Mg = 24)

2010 AI COMPTT
Q11) The molar conductivity of a 1.5 M solution of an electrolyte is found to
be
138.9 S cm2 /mol Calculate the conductivity of solution.
Q20)What is nickel-cadmium cell? State its one merit and one demerit over
lead
storage cell. Write the overall reaction that occurs during discharging
of
this cell.
Q20)State and explain Kohlrausch law of independent migration of ions. How
can the degree of dissociation of acetic acid be calculated from its
molar
conductance data.

2012 AI
Q9) express the relation among cell constant, resistance of the solution in the
cell and conductivity of the solution. How is molar conductivity of a
solution
related to its conductivity?
Q9) the molar conductivity of a 1.5 M solution of an electrolyte is found to be
138.9 Scm2 /mol. Calculate the conductivity of this solution.
Q20) the electrical resistance of a column of 0.05 M NaOH solution of
diameter
1 cm length 50 cm is 5.55 x 10 3 ohm. Calculate its resistivity,
conductivity
and molar conductivity.
Q20) A voltaic cell is set up at 25 0C with the following half cells
Al 3+ (0.001 M) and Ni2+ (0.5 M) Write the cell reaction and determine
the
cell potential. (E0 Ni2+/Ni =- 0.258V , E0 Al3+ /Al = -1.66 V)

2012D
Q28)(a) What type of battery is the lead storage battery ?Write the anode
and
cathode reaction and the overall reaction occurring in a lead storage
battery when current is drawn from it.
(b)In the button cell, widely used in watches, the following reaction
takes
place.
Zn +Ag2O + H2O Zn2+ + 2Ag + 2OH-
Determine E0 and ∆G0 for the reaction
(E0 Ag+/Ag = +0.80V , E0 Zn2+ /Zn = -0.76 V)
Q28)(a) Define molar conductivity of a solution and explain how molar
conductivity changes with change in concentration of a solution for
a
weak and a strong electrolyte.
(b)The resistance of a conductivity cell containing0.001M KCl solution
at
298 K is 1500Ω.What is the cell constant if the conductivity of
0.001M KCl
Solution at 298 K is 0.146 x 10 -3 Scm-1?

2012F
Q28) (a) What type of battery is the lead storage battery ?Write the anode
and
cathode reaction and the overall reaction occurring in a lead storage
battery when current is drawn from it.
(b) A voltaic cell is set up at 250C with the Half cells
Ag+ (0.001M)/Ag and Cu2+(0.1M)/Cu
What should be its cell potential?(E0cell = 0.46V)
Q28) (a) Define molar conductivity of a solution and explain how molar
conductivity changes with change in concentration of a solution for
a
weak and a strong electrolyte.
(b)A strip of nickel metal is placed in a 1 molar solution of Ni(NO3)2
and a strip of silver metal is placed in a 1 molar solution of
AgNO3.Anelectrochemical cell is created when the two solutions are
connected by a salt bridge and the two strips are connected by wires
to volt meter.
(i) Write the balanced equation for the overall reaction occurring in
the cell and calculate the cell potential.
(ii)Calculate the cell potential,E at 250C for the cell, if the initial
concentration of Ni(NO3)2 is 0.1 molar and the initial concentration of
AgNO3 is 1 molar.
(E0 Ag+/Ag = +0.80V , E0 Ni2+/Ni = - 0.25V)

2013 AI
Q11) the standard electrode potential (E0) for Daniell cell is +1.1 V. Calculate
the
∆G 0 for the reaction
Zn(s) + Cu 2+  Zn2+ + Cu(s)
( 1F = 96500 C mol-1)
Q26 ) Calculate emf of the following cell at 25 0C
Ag(s) /Ag + (10 -3M)// Cu 2+ (10 -1 M)/Cu (s)
(Given E 0 Cell= + 0.46 V and log 10 n = n

Formulae

ELECTROCHEMISTRY:

NERNST EQUATION FOR HALF CELL:

E = E0 – 2.303RT log 1
nF [Mn+]

E = E0 – 0.059 log 1
nF [Mn+]

NERNST EQUATION FOR CELL POTENTIAL OR e.m.f. OF THE CELL:

E0cell = E0cathde - E0 anode

 Zn / Zn 2+
// Cu 2+
/ Cu
R P R P
Zn  Zn 2+
+ 2e

Cu 2+
+ 2e  Cu
Ecell = E0cell – 2.303RT log [Zn2+]
2F [Cu2+] Zn + Cu
2+
 Zn + Cu
2+

 Mg / Mg 2+
// Cr3+ / Cr
R P R P
Mg  Mg 2+
+ 2e

Cr + 3e  Cr
3+

Ecell = E0cell – 2.303RT log [Mg2+] 3


6F [Cr3+] 2
3Mg + 2Cr
3+
 3Mg +2Cr
2+

 Pt /Br2 /Br- // H+ / H2 / Pt 2 Br
-  Br2 + 2e
P R R P
2H+ + 2e  H2
Ecell = E0cell – 2.303RT log 1 2 Br- + 2H+
 Br2 + H2
2F [Br - ] [H+]2

 Pt / I2 / I- // Cl - / Cl2 / Pt 2I -

I2 + 2e
P R P R
Cl2 + 2e  2Cl -

Ecell = E0cell – 2.303RT log [Cl -]2 2I - + Cl2


 I2 + 2Cl-
2F [I - ]2

EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANT Kc

 Ecell = E0cell – 2.303RT log Kc


nF

log Kc = E0cell x nF
2.303RT
 ∆G 0
=-nFE 0
cell

 Λm = K x 1000 / C

 K = CELL CONSTANT / RESISTANCE

 CELL CONSTANT G* = CONDUCTIVITY x RESISTANCE

 CELL CONSTANT = l /A

 KOHLRAUSCH LAW:

0
Λ

Λ 0
Al2(SO4)3 = 2 λ0 Al 3+
+ 3 λ0 SO4 2-

Λ 0
CH3COOH = Λ 0
CH3COONa + Λ 0HCl - Λ 0NaCl

DEGREE OF DISSOCIATION:

α = Λ / Λ 0

K = C α 2 / (1 – α)
FARADAY’S LAW

ELECTRIC CHARGE REQUIRED IN F = 1F FOR Na+ , 2 F FOR Ca2+

MnO4 -  Mn 2+
NEEDS 5 F .

Q=I*t
Question Bank

(Chemical Kinetics) 5 marks

SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)


Q28) For a chemical reaction variation in the [R]  t
(first order graph ln log [R]  t )
(i) What is the order of reaction
(ii) What are the units of rate constant k
(iii) Give the relationship between k & t ½
(iv) What does the slope of the above line indicate?
(v) Draw a plot log [R0]/[R]  t
Q28) The reaction A+2B 2C+D
Expt. [A]0 [B]0 Initial rate
1 0.3 0.3 0.96
2 0.6 0.3 0.384
3 0.3 0.6 0.192
4 0.6 0.6 0.768
(i)Derive the order of reaction w.r.t.both reactants [A] & [B]
(ii)Write the rate law
(iii)Write the expression for the rate of reaction in terms of A & B

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q10) Consider the reaction AP The change in concentration of A with time
is
shown
(i)Predict the order of reaction
(ii)Derive expression for the completion of the reaction
Q24) (a) 2N2O5  4NO2 + O2 is first order reaction with rate constant of
5x10-4 s-1.If initial concentration of N2O5 is 0.25M. Calculate its
concentration after 2 min. Also calculate half life for decomposition of
N2O5
(b)2A +B  3C The rate of appearance of C at time t is 1.3x10-4 mol/L/s
Calculate at this time (i)rate of reaction (ii) rate of disappearance of A

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q2) The decomposition reaction ofNH3 gas on Pt surface has a rate const.
K = 2.5x10-4 mol /L/sWhat is the order of reaction?
Q5) What is molecularity of the reaction Cl (g)  ½ Cl2(g)
Q20)(i) Graph of log[Ro]/[R] t is given for first order reaction
(a) What is the relation between slope of this line & rate const.
(b) Calculate the rate const. Of the above reaction if the slope is2x10 -4 s-
1

(ii) Derive the relation between half life of a first order reaction & its rate
const.

2008 D
Q2) Define the term order of reaction for chemical reaction
Q12) A first order decomposition reaction takes 40 min. for 30%
decomposition
Calculate its t1/2 value.
Q13) What is meant by the rate const.’k’of a reaction. If the concentration be
expressed in mol/L units & time in sec.What would be the units for k (i)
for a
zero order reaction (ii) for a first order reaction
Q28) (a) Derive the general form of the expression for the half life of a first
order
reaction
( b) The decomposition of NH3 on Pt surface is a zero order reaction
What are the rates of production of N2 & H2 if k = 2.5x10-4 mol/L/s
Q28) (a) List the factors on which the rate of a chemical reaction depends?
( b) The half life for decay of radioactive C-14 is 5730 years An
archeological artifact containing wood has only 80% of C-14
activity is found in living trees. Calculate the age of the artifact.

2008 AI
Q4) Define order of a reaction.
Q9) List the factors which influence the rate of chemical reaction.

2008 F
Q11) A reaction is second order w.r.t. A How is the rate of this reaction
altered if
the concentration of A is (i) doubled (ii) reduced to half
Q20) The rate of reaction increases to four times when the temp. is raised
from
300K to320K Calculate Ea of this reaction (R = 8.314J/mol/K)

2008 D COMPTT
Q10) Distinguish between order & molecularity of a reaction When could
order &
molecularity of a reaction be the same.
Q21) The decomposition of PH3
4PH3  P4 + 6H2 has the rate law r = 6.0x10-4 s-1 & Ea is 3.05 x 105
J/mol
Calculate k at 310 K (R = 8.314J/mol/K)
Q17) List four factors which affect the rate of reaction.

2008 AI COMPTT
Q11) Define order of reaction.How will you prove that a chemical reaction is
of
first order
Q10) For a chemical reaction what is the effect of catalyst on the following
(i) activation energy of the reaction
(ii) rate const. of the reaction

Q21) For the reaction 2N2O5  4NO2 + O2 at 298 K

Sr.no. [N2O5] mol/L Rate of disappearance of


N2O5(mol/L/min)
1 1.13 x10-2 34 x 10-5
2 0.84 x10-2 25 x 10-5
3 0.62 x10-2 18 x 10-5
Determine (i) order of reaction
(ii)rate const.
(iii) rate law

2009 AI
Q10) Define (a) elementary step in a reaction
( b) rate of reaction
Q19) A first order reaction has a rate const. of 0.0051 min-1 If we begin with
0.10 M concentration of reactant.What concentration of reactant will
be
left over after 3 hours
Q20) For a decomposition reaction the values of rate const. k at two different
temp. are given below
K1 = 2.15 x 10-8 L /mol/s at 650K
K2= 2.39 x 10-7 L/mol/s at 700K
Calculate Ea for this reaction (R = 8.314J/mol/K)
Q14) Define activation energy of a reaction and order of reaction

2009 D
Q9) A reaction is second order w.r.t. A How is the rate of this reaction altered
if
the concentration of A is (i) doubled (ii) reduced to half

2009 F
All Questions are repeated

2009 D COMPTT
Q4) Why does the rate of a reaction not remain const. throughout the
reaction
Process
Q16) Explain the term order of a reaction.Derive the unit for first order rate
const.
Q17) Show that for a first order reaction,the time required for half life period
is
independent f initial concentration.

2010 AI
Q28) (a) Explain the terms: (i) Rate of reaction (ii) Activation energy of a
reaction
(b) The decomposition of PH 3 proceeds according to the following
equation.
4PH3  P4 + 6H2 It is found that the reaction follows the following
rate
equation Rate = k [PH3] The half life of PH3 is 39.9 s at120 0C
(i) How much time is required for 3/4th of PH3 to decompose?
(ii) What fraction of the original sampeof PH3 remain behind after one
minute.
Q28) (a) Explain the terms: (i) Order of reaction (ii) molecularity of a reaction
( b) The rate of reaction increases four times when the temperature
changes from 300K to 320 K Calculate Ea ,assuming that it does
not change with temperature . ( R = 8.314J/K/mol)

2010 D
Q2) Define order of reaction
Q10) A reaction is of first order in reactant A and second order in reactant
B.How is the rate of this reaction affected when (i) [B] alone is
increased to
three times (ii) [A] as well as [B] are doubled.
Q11)The rate constant for a reaction of zero order is 0.003mol/L/s.How long
will
it take for the initial concentration of A to fall from 0.1M to 0.075M
Q2) Define rate of reaction.
2010 F
Q2) Identify the order of reaction from the unit for rate constant L/mol/s
Q10) Define (i) elementary reaction

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q3) For the reaction N2 + 3H2 2NH3 If ∆[NH3]/ ∆t = 4 x 10 -8 mol/L/s what
is the
value of -∆[H2]/ ∆t
Q10)Sucrose decomposes in acid solution into glucose and fructose
according
to the first order rate law with t/2 = 3 hrs.Calculate the fraction of
sucrose
which remains after 8 hrs.
Q10) The rate constant of a reaction at 500K and 700K are 0.02 /s and
0.07 /s
resp.Calculate value of activation energy for the reaction
(R = 8.314 J/mol/K)
Q11) For a chemical reaction variation in the [R]  t
(first order graph ln [R]  t )
(i) What is the order of reaction
(ii) What are the units of rate constant k
(iii) If the initial concentration of reactant is half of the original
concentration how will t/2 change?
(iv) Draw a plot log [R0]/[R]  t (s)

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q30) (a) For the reaction
C12H22O11 + H2O  C6H12O6 + C6H12O6
Write (i) Rate of reaction expression
( ii) Rate law equation
( iii) molecularity
( iv) order of reaction
( b) The following data were obtained during the first order thermal
decomposition of SO2Cl2 at const. volume.
SO2Cl2 (g)  SO2(g) + Cl2(g)
experiment Time (s) Total press. (atm)
1 0 0.5
2 100 0.6
Calculate the rate of reaction when total press. Is 0.65 atm.
Q30) (a) Illustrate graphically the effect of catalyst on activation energy
( b ) Catalysts have no effect on equilibrium const. why?
( c) The decomposition of A into product has value of K as 4.5 x 10 3
/s at 10 0 C and activation energy is 60 KJ/mol.Calculate the temp. at
which the value of K be 1.5 x 10 4 /s

NEW SAMPLE PAPER III


Q13) Consider the decomposition of H2O2 in alkaline medium which is
ctalysed by iodide ions.
2H2O2  2H2O + O2
This reaction takes place in two steps as given below
Step I H2O2 + I-  H2O + IO-
Step II H2O2 + IO- H2O + I- +O2
(a) Write the rate law expression and determine the order of reaction w.r.t.
H2O2
(b)What is the molecularity of each individual step.
Q20)In a hydrolysis reaction 5 g ethyl acetate is hydrolysed in presence of dil.
HCl in 300 min. If the reaction is of 1st order and the initial
concentration of
ethyl acetate 22 mol/L,Calculate the rate const. of the reaction.

2011 AI
Q1)Define order of reaction.
Q12) What do you understand by the rate law and the rate const. of a
reaction?Identify the order of reaction if the units of its rate const. are
(i) mol/L/s (ii) L/mol/s
Q13)The thermal decomposition of HCOOH is first order reaction with a rate
const. of 2.4x10 -3 /s at a certain temp. Calculate how long will it take
for
3/4th of inititial quantity of HCOOH to decompose. (log 0.25 = -0.6021)
Q12)A reaction is of second order with respect to a reactant.How is the rate
of
reaction affected if the concentration of the reactant is reduced to
half?
What is the unit of rate const. for such a reaction?
Q1)Define activation energy of a reaction.
2011 D
Q11)Distinguish between rate expression and rate constant of a reaction.
Q20)2N2O5  4NO2 +O2
The first order reaction was allowed to proceed at 40 0Cand the data below
were collected.

[N2O5] M 0.4 0.289 0.209 0.151 0.109


Time (min) 0 20 40 60 80

(a) Calculate the rate constant. Include units with your answer.
(b)What will be the concentration of N2O5 after 100 min.
(c) Calculate the initial rate of reaction.

2011F
Q28) Repeated questions
Q28) Repeated questions

2010 D COMPTT
Q4) Why does rate of reaction not remain constant throughout the reaction
Process?
Q16)Explain the term order of reaction Derive the unit for first order rate
constant.
Q17)Show that for the first order reaction the time required for half life period
is
independent of initial concentration.

2010 AI COMPTT
Q28) (a) Explain difference between the average rate and instantaneous rate
of
Reaction.
(b ) In pseudo first order hydrolysis of ester in water, the following results are
obtained.

T in seconds 0 30 60 90
[Ester] M 0.55 0.31 0.17 0.085

(i) Calculate the average rate of reaction between time interval 30 to


60 seconds
(ii) Calculate the pseudo first order rate constant for the hydrolysis of
ester.
Q28) (a) Distinguish between molecularity and order of reaction
(b )The activation energy for the reaction 2 HI  H2 + I2 is 209.5 kJ/mol at
581K.Calculate the fraction of molecules having energy equal to or
greater
than activation energy (R= 8.31 J/mol/K)

2012 AI
Q10) A reaction is of second order with respect to a reactant.how is the rate
affected if the concentration of the reactant is (i) doubled (ii) reduced to
half?
Q21) the reaction N2 + O2 ↔ 2 NO contributes to air pollution whenever a
fuel is
burnt in air at high temperature. At 1500 K, equilibrium constant K for
it is
1.0 x 10 -5 . Suppose in a case [N2] = 0.80 mol/L and [O2] = 0.20 mol/L
before any reaction occurs. Calculate the equilibrium concentrations
of the reactants and the product after the mixture has been heated
to 1500K.

2012 D
Q10) What do you understand by the ‘order of a reaction’ ? Identify the
reaction
order from each of the following units of reaction rate constant:
(i) L-1mol s-1
(ii) L mol -1 s-1
Q21)For the reaction 2NO + Cl22NOCl
The following data were collected .All the measurements were taken at 263K

Expt no. Initial [NO](M) Initial [Cl]2 (M) Initial rate of


disappearance of
Cl2 (M/min)
1 0.15 0.15 0.60
2 0.15 0.30 1.20
3 0.30 0.15 2.40
4 0.25 0.25 ?
(a) Write the expression for rate law.
(b)Calculate the value of rate constant and specify its units.
(c) What is the initial rate of disappearance of Cl2 in expt.4?
2012F
Q10) Define the following terms:
(i) Order of reaction
(ii) Activation energy of a reaction
Q21) Consider the reaction 2A + B  C+ D
Following results were obtained in experiments designed to study the
rate
of reaction .

Expt. No. Initial concentration (mol/L) Initial rate of


formation
[A] [B] [D] (M/min)
1 0.1 0.1 1.5 x 10 -3
2 0.2 0.2 3.0 x 10-3
3 0.2 0.4 6.0 x 10 -3
(a) Write the rate law for the reaction
(b)Calculate the value of rate constant for the reaction.
(c) Which of the following possible reaction mechanism is consistent with
the rate law found in (a)?
(i) A + B  C + E (slow)
A + E  D (fast)
(ii) B  C + E (slow)
A + E  F (fast)
A + F  D (fast)

2013 AI
Q12) (a) For a reaction A + B  P , the rate law is
given by,
R = k [A]1/2[B]2
What is the order of this reaction?
( b ) A first order reaction is found to have a rate constant k=5.5 x 10
s Find the half life of the reaction.
-14 -1

Q19) The rate of reaction becomes four times when the temperature changes
from293 K to 313 K.Calculatethe energy of activation (Ea) of thereaction
assuming that it does not change with temperature.
[R = 8.314 J K -1, log4 = 0.6021]

FORMULAE:

i. Rate Expression:
ii. rav = - ∆[R] / ∆t = + ∆ [P] / ∆t
iii. r ins = - d[R] / ∆t = + d [P] / ∆t
iv. RATE = - ∆[R] / ∆t = + ∆ [P] / ∆t
v.

In aqueous solution change in concentration of H2O is not considered.


vi. Rate law:

x and y are order of reaction


7) order of reaction through initial rate method

r0) I = k [A]a [B]b [C]c

(r0)II = k [A]a [B]b [C]c

If [B ] and [C] kept constant value of a can be calculated. Similarly value of


b and c can be calculated.
vii. Integrated rate equation :
For zero order reaction :

Unit of k = mol/l/s

For first order reaction :


Unit of k = /s

For nth order reaction :

Unit of k = (mol/L)1- n s -1

Activation Energy:

K=Ae –Ea/RT

Question Bank

(Surface Chemistry) 4 marks

SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)


Q21) Consider the adsorption isotherm given & interpret the variation in the
extent of adsorption (x/m) when (a) (i) temp.increases at constant
pressure ( ii) pressure increases at constant temp.
(b)Name the catalyst& promoter used in Haber’s process for
manufacture
of NH3.
Q1) Why is FeCl3 preferred over KCl in case of cut leading to bleeding?

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q2) What are the physical states of dispersed phase & dispersion medium of
froth?
Q22) Explain: (a) Fe(OH)3 sol gets coagulated on addition of NaCl solution
( b) Cottrell’s smoke precipitator is fitted at the mouth of the
chimney
used in factories.
(c ) Physical adsorption is multi layered while chemisorption is
mono
layered

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q11) (a) Adsorption of a gas on the surface of solid is generally accompanied
by
a decrease in entropy. Still it is a spontaneous process.Explain.
( b) How does an increase in temp. affect both physical as well as
chemical adsorption
Q12) A collidal solution of AgI is prepared by two different methods shown
below
(i) What is the charge of AgI colloidal particles in the two T.T.(A) & (B)
(ii) Give reasons for the origin of charge (A)AgNO3 added to KI
(B) KI added to AgNO3
2008 D
Q3) What causes Brownian movement in a colloidal solution?
Q21) What are lyophilic & lyophobic sols? Give one example of each type
which
one of these two types of sols is easily coagulated & why?
Q3) Which has a higher enthalpy of adsorption,physisorption or
chemisorption?
Q22) What is observed when (i) an electrolye KCl is added to hydrated ferric
oxide sol.
(ii)an electric current is passed through a colloidal solution
(iii)a beam of strong light is passed through a colloidal solution

2008 AI
Q21) Differntiate between multimolecular & macromolecular colloids? Give
one
example of each. How are these two types of colloids different from
associated colloids.
Q3) Define electrophoresis briefly.

2008 .F
All question repeated

2008 D COMPTT
Q2)Why does physisorption decrease withincrease in temp.?
Q22) What is observed when (i) a beam of light is passed through colloidal
Solution (ii)An elctrolyte NaCl is added to hydrated Fe2O3 sol
(iii) An electric current is passed through a colloidal solution
Q7) In chemisorption why x/m initially increases& then decreases with rise in
temp.
Q24) (a)What is the difference between a colloidal solution & an emulsion?
Give
one example of each
(b) What are emulsifiers?

2008 AI COMPTT
Q3) How does adsorption of a gas on a solid surface vary with increase in
Pressure?
Q20) Explain with example: (a) Peptization (ii) gel (iii) dialysis
Q11) Distinguish between homogeneous & heterogeneous catalysis?What
role
does adsorption play in heterogeneous catalysis?
Q12) Distinguish between micelles & colloidal particles. Give one example
of
each.

2009 AI
Q2) What is the coagulation process?
Q22)What happens in the following activities & why?
(i) An electrolyte is added to a hydrate ferric oxide sol in water
(ii) A beam of light is passed through a colloidal solution
(iii) An electric current is passed through a colloidal solution

2009 D
Q2) Define the term Tyndall effect.
Q22)How are the following colloids different from each other with respect of
dispersion medium & dispersed phase?Give one example of each type
(i) an aerosol (ii) a hydrosol (iii) an emulsion
Q21) Differntiate between multimolecular & macromolecular colloids? Give
one
example of each. How are these two types of colloids different from
associated colloids.

2009 F
Q21) Write three special features of chemisorption which are not found in
physisorption.

2009 D COMPTT
Q3) Name two types of adsorption phenomenon
Q18) How are associated colloids different frommacro molecular colloids?
Give
one example of each type.
Q1) What is the sign of ∆H & ∆S when a gas is adsorbed by an adsorbent?
Q9) What are emulsions? State one application of emulsification
Q14) What is the difference between a colloidal solution & emulsion? What is
the
role of emulsifier in forming emulsion

2010 AI
Q12) Describe the following:
(i) Tyndall effect (ii) Shape selective catalysis
Q13) What is meant by coagulation of a colloidal solution? Name any method
by
which the coagulation of lyophobic sol can be carried out.
Q13) Define the following terms:
(i) Peptization (ii) Reversible sol

2010 D
Q3) What is an emulsion?
Q21) Differntiate between multimolecular & macromolecular colloids? Give
one
example of each. How are these two types of colloids different from
associated colloids.
Q3) Give an example of shape selective catalyst.
Q20) How are the following colloids different from each other in respect of
their
dispersion medium and dispersion phase?Give one example of each
(i) aerosol (ii) emulsion (iii) hydrosol

2010 F
Q21)State what is observed when (i) an electrolyte NaCl is added to hydrated
ferric oxide sol (ii) an electric current is passed through a colloidal
solution
( iii )a beam of light is passed through colloidal solution
Q21) Write three features of chemisorptions which is not found in
physisorption.Illustrate your answer with suitable example.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q4) Which of the following is most effective electrolyte in coagulation of
Fe2O3.H2O/Fe3+ sol
KCl,AlCl3,MgCl2,K4[Fe(CN)6]
Q20)Give reasons for the following observations:
(a) Peptizing agent is added to convert ppt into colloidal solution
(b)Cottrell’s smoke precipitator is fitted at the mouth of chimney used in
factories
(c) Colloidal gold is used for intramuscular injection

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q2) Name the type of potential difference produced between the fixed
charged
layer and and diffused layer having opposite charges around the
colloidal
particles.
Q26) (a) Heat of adsorption is greater for chemisorption than physisorption
why?
( b) What is colloidion
( c) Differentiate betweenpeptization and coagulation.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER III


Q2)Why is FeCl3 preferred over KCl in case of a cut leading to bleeding?
Q27) (a) Give main difference between lyophilic and lyophobic colloids.
( b) Explain (i) sky appears blue in colour (ii) Afreshly formed ppt
of Fe(OH)3 can be converted to a colloidal sol by shaking it with a
small quantity of FeCl3.
2011 AI
Q2) What is meant by shape selective catalysis?
Q20) Classify colloids where the dispersion medium is water.State their
characteristics and write an example of each of these classes
Q2) What is lyophobic colloid? Give one example for them.
Q20) Explain what is observed when
(i) An electric current is passed through a sol
(ii) A beam of light is passed through a sol
(iii) An electrolyte (NaCl) is added to Fe(OH)3 sol.

2011 D
Q3) Define electrophoresis.
Q21) Explain how the phenomenon of adsorption finds application in each of
the
Following
(i) Production of vacuum
(ii) Heterogeneous catalysis
(iii) Froth floatation process
Q21) Define each of the following
(i) Micelles
(ii) Peptization
(iii) Desorption

2011 F
Q12) Repeated question.
Q13) Repeated question.

2010D COMPTT
Q7) What is the sign of ∆H and ∆S when gas is adsorbed by adsorbent?
Q18) How are associated colloids different from macro molecular colloids?
Give
example of each type.
Q9) What are emulsions? State one application of emulsification
Q14) What is the difference between colloidal solution and emulsion? What is
the
role of emulsifier in forming emulsion?

2010AI COMPTT
Q3) What is the difference between adsorption and absorption ?
Q21) Explain the following terms
(i) Electrophoresis
(ii) Coagulation
(iii) Tyndall effect
Q6) Distinguish between physisorption and chemisorptions.
Q25) What is an adsorption isotherm? Describe Freundlich adsorption
isotherm.
Q3) Why is adsorption always exothermic?
Q22) Discuss the effect of pressure and temperature on adsorption of gases
on
solids.Describe the application adsorption in controlling humidity.

2012 AI
Q22) explain the following terms giving suitable example for each:
(i) Aerosol
(ii) Emulsion
(iii) Micelle
Q22) write three distinct features of chemisorptions which are not found in
physisorptions.
2012 D
Q11) Name the two groups into which phenomenon of catalysis can be
divided. Give an example of each group with the chemical equation
involved.
Q12) What is meant by coagulation of a colloidal solution? Describe briefly
any
three methods by which coagulation of lyophobic sols can be carried
out.
Q11) Describe a conspicuous change observed when
(a) A solution of NaCl is added to a sol of hydrated ferric oxide.
(b)A beam of light is passed through a solution of NaCl and then through a
sol
Q12) Explain the following terms giving one example of each:
(i) Micelles
(ii) Aerosol.
2012 F
Q2)Why is the adsorption phenomenon always exothermic?
Q22) Define the following terms giving one suitable example for each:
(i) Electrophoresis
(ii) Micelles
(iii) Peptization
Q2) What is meant by ‘shape selective catalysis’?
Q22) Differentiate among a homogeneous solution, a suspension and a
colloidal
solution, giving a suitable example of each.
Q22)Present a classification of colloids where dispersion medium is
water.State
the chatacteristics and one example of each of these classes.

2013 AI
Q1) Of physisorption or chemisorptions , which has a higher enthalpy of
formation?
Q20) What are the characteristics of the following colloids? Give one example
of each.
(i) Multimolecular colloids
(ii) Lyophobic sols
(iii) Emulsions
Q19) define the following terms giving an example of each:
(i) Associated colloids
(ii) Lyophilic sol
(iii) Adsorption
Q1) what is especially observed when a beam of light is passed through
colloidal solution
Q19) define the following terms giving an example of each:
(i) Macromolecular sol
(ii) Peptization
(iii) Emulsion

Question Bank
(General Principles & Processes of Isolation of Elements) 3
marks
SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)
Q22) Account for (a) the reduction of metalic oxide is easier if the metal
formed
is in liquid state at the temp. of reduction.
(b)the reduction of Cr2O3 with Al is thermodynamically feasible,yet it
does not occur at room temp.
(c) Pine oil is used in froth floatation method

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q1) An ore of sample Galena is contaminated with Zinc Blende.Name one
chemical which is used to concentrate galena selectively by froth
floatation
method
Q11) ∆Gf for MgO & CO at 1273K & 2273K are given
∆Gf [MgO] = -941KJ/molat 1273K & ∆Gf [CO]= - 439KJ/mol
∆Gf [MgO] = -314 KJ/molat 2273K & ∆Gf [CO]= - 628 KJ/mol
Predict the temp. at which C can be used as a reducing agent for MgO(s).

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q21) (a) Name the method used for refining of (i) Ni (ii) Zr
(b) The extraction of gold by leaching with NaCN involves both Oxidation
&
Reduction. Justify giving equation

2008 D
Q22) State briefly the principles which serves as basis for the following
operations in metallurgy
(I)Froth floatation process
(ii)Zone refining
(iii )Refining by liquation
Q21) Explain the basic principles
(i) Vapour phase reefing
(ii) Electrolytic refining
(iii) Zone refining

2008 AI
Q22) What chemical principle is involved in choosing a R.A. for getting the
metal from its oxide ore? Consider the metallic oxide,Al2O3 & Fe2O3 &
Justify the choice of R.A. in each case

2008 F
Q23) Describe the role of (a) Depressant in Froth floatation process.
(b) silica in the extraction of Cu from copper pyrite ore
( c ) Cryolite in the metallurgy of Al

2008 D COMPTT
Q23) (a) The reaction Cr2O3 + 2Al  Al2O3 + 2Cr , ∆G = -421KJ is
thermodynamically feasible as is apparent from the Gibb’s energy
value .Why does it not take place at room temp.
(b) Write all the reactions involved in the extraction of Al from bauxite
ore.
Q22) (a)Write the reactions involved in the extraction of Fe from iron oxide
ore
in the blast furnace.
( b) What criterion is followed for the selection of stationary phase in
Chromatography

2008 AI COMPTT
Q13) State the basis of refining of a substance by chromatographic method.
Under what Circumstances is this method specially useful.

2009 AI
Q3)What is meant by the term Pyrometallurgy.
Q11)Describe the underlying principle of the following metal refining methods.
(i) Electrlytic refining of metals
(ii) Vapour phase refining of metals
Q13) Describe the role of following:
(i) NaCN in the extraction of Ag from silver ore.
(ii) Cryolite in the metallurgy of Al

2009 D
Q3) Why is the froth floatation method selected for the concentration of
sulphide
ores.
Q10) ( i) Explain the role of CO in purification of Ni
(ii ) cryolite in the electrolytic reduction of alumina

2009 F
Q9) Name two metals which occur in nature as oxides. Why is it that sulphide
ores are concentrated by froth floatation process

2009 D COMPTT
Q26) Reasons: (a) Alumina is dissolved in cryolite for electrolysis instead of
being electrolysed directly (b)ZnO can be reduced to metal by
heating
with carbon but not Cr2O3( c ) Extraction of Cu directly from sulphide
ore is
less favourable than that from its oxide ore through reduction .

2010 AI
Q21) Describe the role of following:
(i) NaCN in the extraction of Ag from silver ore. (ii) I2 in the refining of
Ti.
(iii) Cryolite in the metallurgy of Al
Q21) Describe the principle involved in each of the following processes of
metallurgy.
(i) Froth floatation process (ii) Electrolytic refining of metals
(iv) Zone refining of metals.

2010 D
Q22) Describe how the following changes are brought about.
(i) Pig iron into steel
(ii) ZnO into metallic zinc
(iii) Impure Ti to pure Ti
Q22) Describe the role of
(i) NaCN in the extraction of Au from Au ore
(ii) SiO2 in the extraction of Cu from Cu matte
(iii) I2 in the refining of Zr
Write equation for the involved reactions

2010 F
Q21) Describe the method (i) Bauxite into pure alumina
(ii)Impure Cu into pure Cu

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q21) (a) Extraction of gold by leaching with NaCN involves both oxidation
and
reduction.Justifying by giving equations for the reactions involved.
( b) Why is the froth floatation method selected for the
concentration of sulphide ore?
Q21) outline the principle of the method used for refining of (a) Ni (b) Zr (c)
Tin
Q5) Write the overall reaction taking place in the process used for electrolysis
of alumina by Hall’s process.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q7) Write a non exothermic reaction taking place in the blast furnace during
extraction of iron
Q16) What is flux?What is the role of flux in the metallurgy of Fe and Cu.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER III


Q14) (a) What is the role of depressant in the froth floatation process
( b ) Out of C and CO which is better R.A. for FeO
(i) In the lower part of blast furnace(high temp.)
(ii) In the upper part of blast furnace (lower temp.)

2011 AI
Q3) Differentiate between a mineral and an ore.
Q14) Describe the principle controlling each of the following processes
( i) Vapour phase refining of Ti metal
( ii) Froth floatation method of concentration of a sulphide ore
Q3) Why is that only sulphide ores are concentrated by Froth floatation
process
Q14) Describe the principle controlling each of the following processes
(i) Zone refining of metals
(ii) Electrolytic refining of metals
Q3) What type of ores can be concentrated by the magnetic separation
method
Q14) Describe the principle controlling each of the following processes
( i) Preparation of cast iron from pig iron
( ii ) preparation of pure alumina from bauxite ore.

2011 D
Q22) Repeated questions
Q22) Repeated questions

2011 F
Q21) Repeated questions
Q21) Repeated questions

2010 D COMPTT
Q26)Give reasons for the following
(i) Alumina is dissolved in cryolite for electrolysis instead of being
electrolysed directly
(ii) Zinc oxide can be reduced to the metal by heating with carbon but
not Cr2O3.
(iii) Extraction of copper directly from sulphide ores is less favourable
tha that from its oxide ore through reduction.

2010 AI COMPTT
Q4) Copper matte is charged into a silica lined convertor in extraction of
copper.
What is the role of silica lining there.
Q12) How is the chemical reduction different from electrolytic reduction?
Name
a metal each which is obtained by
(i) Electrolytic reduction
(ii) Chemical reduction.
Q12) How can you obtain pure alumina from bauxite ore? Write the chemical
Equations involved.

2012 AI
Q3) how is copper extracted from a low grade ore of it?
Q11) which methods are usually employed for purifying the following metals:
(i) Nickel
(ii) Germanium
Mention the principle behind each one of them .
Q3) what is the role of collectors in Froth Floatation process?
Q11) explain the role of each of the following:
(i) NaCN in the extraction of silver
(ii) SiO2 in the extraction of copper.
2012 D
Q2) What is the role of graphite in the electrometallurgy of aluminium?
Q13) Describe the principle involved in each of the following processes.
(i) Mond process for refining of Nickel.
(ii) Column chromatography for purification of rare elements.
Q13) Describe the following:
(i) The role of cryolite in electrometallurgy of aluminium
(ii) The role of CO in the refining of crude nickel.
Q3) Write the reaction involved in the extraction of silver after the silver ore
has
been leached with NaCN.
Q11) Name one chief ore each of copper and aluminium. Name the method
used
for the concentration of these two ores.
Q3)What is the role of depressant in Froth Floatation process for the
concentration of a sulphide ore?

2013AI
Q2) Name the method used for refining of copper metal.
Q13) (a) Name the method used for removing gangue from sulphide ores.
( b) How is wrought iron different from steel?
Q18) outline the principles of refining of metals by the following methods:
(i) Zone refining
(ii) Vapour phase refining
Q18) name the principal ore of aluminium. Explain the significance of
leaching in
the extraction of aluminium

Question Bank
(The p-Block Elements) 8 marks

SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)


Q25) Account for the following:
(i) Among the halogens F2 is the strongest O.A.
(ii) F exhibit only –1 oxidation state whereas other halogens exhibit
higher positive oxidation state also
(iii) Acidity of oxo acids of Cl is HOCl<HOClO<HOClO 2<HOClO3
Q29)A translucent white waxy solid A on heating in an inert atmosphere is
converted to its allotrope B. Allotrope A on reaction with very dil KOH
liberates a highly poisonous gas C having rotten fish smell. With
excess of
Cl2 forms D which hydrolyses to compound E Identify A to E.
Q29) Conc. H2SO4 is added to following chemicals in a test tube Identify the
change observed & support your answer with equation
(i)cane sugar(ii)NaBr(iii) Cu-pieces(iv) S powder (v) KCl

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q3) Complete hydrolysis of XeF6.Write equation
Q8)Predict the shape of ClF3 on the basis of VSEPR theory
Q23) Account for (a) Cl2 water has both oxidizing & bleaching properties
(b)H3PO2 &H3PO3 act as good R.A.while H3PO4 does not
(c)On oxidation of O3 gas to KI soln. violet vapours are
obtained.
Q26) Give reasons: (a) CN- ion is known but CP- is not
(b) NO2 dimerises to form N2O4
(c) ICl is more reactive than I2
Q26) An element X exists as yellow solid in standard state It forms a volatile
hydride B which is a foul smelling gas & is extensively used in
qualitative
analysis of salts when treated with oxygen B forms an oxide C which is
pungent smelling gas. This gas is passed through acidified KMnO4 soln.
decolourises it. C gets oxidized to another oxide D in the presence of
heterogeneous catalyst. Identify A,B,C,D & also give chem.. reaction of
C
with acidified KMnO4 soln. & for conversion of C to D.

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q7) In the ring test for identification of NO3- ion what is the formula of the
compound responsible for the brown ring formed at the interface of two
liquids
Q13) (a) What is the covalence of nitrogen in N2O5
(b) Explain why both N & Bi do not form pentahalides while P does.
Q13) When conc. H2SO4 was added into an unknown salt present in a Test
tube, a
brown gas A was evolved. This gas intensified when Cu turnings were
also
added into this T.T. On cooling the gas A changed into a colourless gas
B
(i) Identify the gases A& B
(ii) Write the equations for the reactions involved.
Q16) (a) Why does Cl2 water lose its yellow colour on standing
( b)What happens when Cl2 water reacts with cold dil soln. of
NaOH. Write equation only
Q22) Write down the equations for hydrolysis of XeF 4 & XeF6.Which of these
two
reactions is a redox reaction.

2008 D
Q4) In which one of the two structures NO 2+ & NO2-, the bond angle has a
higher
value?
Q16) Reasons: (i) NH3 is stronger base than PH3
(ii) S in vapour state exhibits a paramagnetic behaviour
Q17) Draw structures of (i) SF4 (ii) XeF4
Q23) Write equations (i) Cl2 reacts with hot conc. soln. of NaOH
(ii)orthophosphorous acid is heated
(iii)PtF6 & Xe are mixed together
Q23) Complete the equation: (i) Ca3P2 + H2O 
(ii) Cu2+ + NH3 (aq) (excess) 
(iii) F2 (g) + H2O (l) 
(iv)XeF4 + H2O
(v)O3 + I- + H2O

2008 AI
Q4) Why is the bond angle in PH3 molecule lesser than that in NH3 molecule
Q12) (i) which neutral molecule would be isoelectronic with ClO-
(ii)Of Bi (V) & Sb(V) which may be stronger O.A.& why?
Q29) Reasons: (i) S in vapour state exhibits a paramagnetic behaviour
(ii) NH3 has greater affinity for protons than PH3
(iii) The –ve value of electron gain enthalpy of F is less than
that of Cl
(iv)SF6 is much less reactive than SF4
(v)Of the noble gases only Xe is known to form well established
chemical compounds.
Q29) (a) Describe the favourable conditions for the manufacture of
(i) NH3 by Haber’s process
(ii) H2SO4 by Contact process
( b ) Draw the structures of (i) PCl5 (ii) S8 (iii) ClF3
Q4) Which is a stronger acid in aq. Soln. of HF or HCl
Q12) Reasons(i) P shows marked tendency for catenation but N shows little
tendency for catenation
( ii )The electron gain enthalpy with –ve sign for O (-141 KJ/mol) is
less
than that for S(-200KJ/mol)
Q30) ( a) complete (repeated)
( b )Draw structures of (i) H2S2O7(ii) NO3-
Q30) (a)Reasons: (i) P4 is more reactive than N2
(ii) All bonds in PCl5 are not equal in length.
(iii) S in vapour state exhibits a paramagnetic behaviour
(c) Draw the structures of (i) BrF3 (ii) XeF2
2008 F
Q4)Which is stronger acid in aq.soln. HCl or HI?
Q29) ( a )Complete : (repeated)
O3 + I- + H2O
( b )Draw the structures of (i) XeF4 (ii) H2S2O7
( c ) Draw the structures of (i) HClO4 (ii)BrF3
2008 D COMPTT
Q3) N does not form any pentahalide like P why?
Q11) Reasons:(i) O2 molecule has formula O2 while S has S8
(ii) H2S is less acidic than H2Te
Q29) (a) Arrange HClO,HClO2,HClO3,HClO4 in order of acidic strength. Give
reason.
(b)Write equation for Cl2 water reacts with conc. soln. of NaOH Justify
that
this is a disproportionation reaction.
(c) Give one use of ClF3
Q29) (a) Why do some noble gases form compounds with F & O only.
(b) How are the following compounds prepared fro XeF6
(i) XeOF4 (ii)XeO3
(c) Draw structure of BrF3
Q3) Why is N2 very unreactive as compared to P4
Q4) When HCl reacts with finely powdered iron it forms FeCl 2 & not FeCl3
why?
Q22) (a) How are interhalogen compounds formulated & how are they
prepared?
(b) which neutral molecule would be isoelectronic with ClO-
Q23) (a) How does Xe atom forms compounds even though the Xe atom has
a
closed shell electronic configuration
(b) Draw structures of XeOF4
(c) Complete XeF4 + H2O

2008 AI COMPTT
Q5) F exhibits only –1 oxidation state in its compound whereas other
halogens
exhibit many other oxidation state why?
Q24) (i) Draw structure of SO2 molecule .Comment.
On the nature of two S-O bonds formed in it Are the two S-O bonds in
this
molecule equal?
( ii ) What happens when white P is heated with conc. NaOH soln.in an
inert
gas atmosphere.
Q1) Why are halogens mostly coloured?
Q20) (i) Why is BiH3 the strongest R.A. among all the hydrides of gr 15
elements.
(ii) H2O is liquid while H2S is a gas why?
(iii) Why is Ka2<<Ka1 for H2SO4 in water

2009 AI
Q4) Why is red P less reactive than white P
Q12) Complete (i) XeF2 + H2O (ii) PH3 + HgCl2 
Q29) (a)Draw structures of (i) H2S2O8(ii) HClO4
(b) How would you account for the following :
(i) NH3 is stronger base than PH3
(ii) F2 is a stronger O.A. than Cl2
(iii)S shows greater tendency for catenation than O.
Q29) (a)Draw structures of (i) H2S2O7(ii) HClO3
(b) How would you account for the following :
(i) In the structure of HNO3 the N-O bond (121pm) is shorter than N-OH
bond (140pm)
(ii) All P-Cl bonds in PCl5 are not equivalent.
(iii) ICl is more reactive than I2
Q29)(a)Draw structures of (i) H3PO2(ii) BrF3
(b) How would you account for the following :
(i) No chemical compound of He is known
(ii) Bond dissociation energy of F2 is less than that of Cl2
(iii) P shows greater tendency for catenation than N.
Q30) (a)Draw structures of (i) H2S2O7(ii) XeF4
(b) How would you account for the following :
(i) The –ve value of electron gain enthalpy is less for F than that for Cl
(ii) F2 is a stronger O.A. than Cl2
(iii)HF has a much higher b.p. than HCl

2009 D
Q21)(i)Why is Bi(V) stronger O.A. than Sb(V)
(ii)Complete : P4 + NaOH + H2O 
O3 + I- + H2O
(iii)Draw structure of XeF4 , BrF3
Q23) Reasons:
(i) NH3 is stronger base than PH3
(ii)S shows greater tendency for catenation than O.
(iii)Bond dissociation energy of F2 is less than that of Cl2
(iv) In the structure of HNO3 the N-O bond (121pm) is shorter than N-OH
bond (140pm)
(v) SF4 is easily hydrolysed wheras SF6 is not
(vi)XeF2 has a linear sructure & not a bent angular structure
Q24) Explain :
(i) F does not exhibit any +ve oxidation state
(ii) The majority of known noble gas compounds are those of Xe
(iii) P is much more reactive than N

2009 F
Q29) (a) Complete (i) XeF2 + PF5 
(ii)Cl2 + NaOH (hot& conc.) 
(b) Explain(i) S in vap. State exhibit paramagnetism
(ii)+3 oxidation state becomes more & more stable from As
to Bi in
the group
Q29) Complete (i)PCl5 + H2O (excess) 
(ii) F2 + H2O 
Reasons: (i) No chemical compound of He is known
(ii)In soln of H2SO4 in water Ka2 is less than Ka1
(iii)P shows greater tendency for catenation than N.
Q30) Complete (i) SO2 + MnO4- + H2O 
(ii) HgCl2+ PH3
Explain (i) S shows greater tendency for catenation than O.
(ii) F is stronger O.A. than Cl
(iii)The + 5 oxidation state becomes less stable down the group in
gr.15 of
the Periodic Table.
Q30) (i) Complete (a) : P4 + NaOH + H2O 
(b) Cu + HNO3 (dil) 
(ii) Explain (a) H2O is liquid while H2S is a gas
(b) Fe dissolves in HCl to form FeCl2 & not FeCl3
(c) He is used in diving equipments

2009 D COMPTT
Q15) Write the formula & structure of noble gas species which are iso
structural
with ICl4- & BrO3-
Q24)Reason (i) PH3 is weaker base than NH3
(ii)OF6 copound is not known
(iii)F provides the largest variety of interhalogen compounds
amongst the halogen
Q25) Write equation: (i) Cl2 + NaOH (hot & conc.)
(ii)XeF6 + H2O 
(iii) NaOH +SO2(excess)
Q22) Reason : (i)In the solid state PCl5 behaves as an ionic species
(ii) H2S is more acidic than water
(iii)N2 is not particularly reactive
(iv)Halogens are stronger O.A.
(v)SF6 is less reactive than SF4
(vi )F forms largest no. of interhalogen compounds amongst
halogens.
Q26) Give reasons: (i) N2 is not particularly reactive
(i) X2 are strong O.A.
(ii) SF6 is less reactive than SF4.

2010 AI
Q3) F does not exhibit any + ve oxidation state Why?
Q14) Complete (i) I2 + HNO3 (conc)  (ii) HgCl2 + PH3 
Q15) Draw structures of (i) H4P2O5 (ii) XeF4
Q25) Account for the following:
(i) NCl3 is an endothermic compound while NF3 is an exothermic one
(ii) XeF2 is a linear molecule without a bend.
(iii) The electron gain enthalpy with – ve sign of F is less than that of Cl
still F2 is strong O.A. than Cl2.
Q2)N2 is relatively inert as compared to P4 Why?
Q15) Complete (i) NaOH (cold & dil.) + Cl2  (ii) XeF6 + H2O (excess)

Q22) Account for the following:
(i) The electron gain enthalpy with – ve sign is less for O than that of
S.
(ii) P shows greater tendency for catenation than N
(iii) F never acts as a central atom in polyatomic interhalogen
compounds.

2010 D
Q4)Why does NO2 dimerise?
Q12 )Draw the structure of white and red phosphorous.Which one of these
two types of phosphorous is more reactive and why?
Q29) ( a )Complete the following:
1. NaOH (hot and conc.) + Cl2  2. XeF6 + H2O
( b ) How would you account for the following:
( i ) The value of EGE with –ve sign of S is higher than that of O
( ii ) NF3 is exothermic but NCl3 is endothermic.
( iii ) ClF3 molecule has T shaped structure and not a triangular planar
one.
Q29) ( a) Complete the following:
( i) P4 + SOCl2  (ii) XeF4 + H2O
( b ) Explain the following giving reason
( i ) The stability of +5 oxidation state decreases down the group in gr. 15
of the
P.T.
( ii ) Solid PCl5 behaves as an ionic compound.
( iii ) Halogens are strong oxidizing agent.
Q4)What is O.N. of P in H3PO2 molecule
Q12) Draw structure of ( i) BrF3 ( ii ) XeF4
Q4) Draw structure of O3 molecule.

2010 F
Q4) Which is stronger acid in aq. Solution HCl or HI and why?
Q12) Draw structures of (i) BrF3 (ii) XeOF4
Q29) (a) Complete (i) HgCl2 +PH3  (ii) SiO2 + HF
( b) Explain (i) S in vapour state exhibit paramagnetic behavior
(ii) The stability of +3 state increasesdown the gr.in gr. 15 of the P.T.
(iii) XeF2 has a linear shape and not a bent structure
Q29 ) (a) Complete (i) AgCl + NH3 (ii) P4 + NaOH + H2O 
( b ) Explain (i)H2S is less acidic thanH2Te
( ii) F2 is stronger O.A. thanCl2
( iii ) Noble gases are least reactive elements.
Q9) Draw structures of O3 and S8 molecules.
Q12) Draw structures of XeF2 and HClO4 molecules.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q6) Which Xe compound is isostructural with ICl4- ?

Q12)(i) Draw structure of phosphinic acid(H3PO2)


( ii) Write a chemical reaction for its use as a reducing agent.
Q13) ( a) Suggest a quantitative method for estimation of gas which protect
us
from uv rays of the sun
( b)Nitrogen oxides emitted from the exhaust system of supersonic jet
aeroplanes slowly deplete the concentration of O3 layer in the upper
atmosphere.Comment.
Q22) Write equation for the following reaction
( a) thermal decomposition of (NH4)2Cr2O7
( b) reactionof Cl2 with cold and hot dil.NaOH
( c) when phosphine is passed through HgCl2 solution

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q4) Which of the following compounds has a lone pair of electron at the
central
atom?
H2S2O8,H2S2O7,H2SO3,H2SO4
Q14) Give chemical reaction in support of the following observations
( a) H2SO4 has low volatility.
( b) I- can be oxidized by O2 in acidic medium
Q28)(a) An orange solid A on heating gives a colourless gas B.The gas B in
dry
condition is passed over heated Ca to give a solid C.The solid C
further
reacts with water to produce a gas D which forms a blue coloured
compound E on reaction with CuSO4 solution.Identify A,B,C,D,E and
give the sequence of reactions involved.
( b) Arrange the following in order of property indicated for each set
( i) HCl,HI,HBr,HF (decreasing thermal stability)
( ii) Xe,He,Kr,Rn,Ne (decreasing order of EGE)
Q28) (a) Give reasons:
( i) solid PCl5 is an ionic compound.
(ii ) Most of the reactions of F are exothermic.
( iii) O3 is thermodynamically unstable.
( b) Draw the structure of the following.
( i) XeOF4 ( ii) H4P2O7
NEW SAMPLE PAPER III
Q15) Complete the following:
(a) (NH4)2Cr2O7 on heat 
(b) I- + O3 +H2O 
Q19) Draw the structures (a) H2S2O8 (b)XeO3 ( c) HOClO2
Q26) Give reasons:
( a) Interhalogen compounds are more reactive thn halogens
( b) PCl5 is known but NCl5 is not known.
( c) Among all the noble gasesonly Xe is known to form compounds with O
and F

2011 AI
Q21) How would you account for the following:
( i) H2S is more acidic than H2O.
( ii) The N-O bond in NO2– is shorter than N-O bond in NO3-
(iii ) Both O2 and F2 stabilize high oxidation states but the ability of O2 to
stabilize the higher oxidation state exceeds that of F2
Q29) ( a) Draw the structures of the following molecules.
(i) (HPO3)3 (ii) BrF3
( b) Complete the following equations
(i) HgCl2 + PH3 
(ii) SO3 + H2SO4 
(iii) XeF4 + H2O 
Q29) ( a) (i) Cl2 gas is passed through a hot concentrated solution of NaOH
(ii ) SO2 gas is passed through an aqueous solution of a Fe 3+
salt
( b) Answer thefollowing:
(i) What is the basicity of H3PO3 and why?
(ii) Why does F not play the role of central atom in interhalogen
compounds
(iii) Why do noble gases have very low b.p.?
Q21) Account for the following:
(i) NF3 is an exothermic compound but nCl3 is not
(ii) The acidic strength of compounds increasesin the order PH3 < H2S<
HCl
(iii) SF6 is kinetically inert.

2011 D
Q4) Draw the structure of XeF2 molecule
Q12) Repeated question
Q12) Repeated question
Q30) (a) Explain
(i) NF3 is an exothermic compound whereas NCl3 is not
(ii) F2 is more reactive of all the four common halogens
(b ) Complete
(i) C + conc. H2SO4 
(ii) P4 + NaOH + H2O 
(iii) Ci2 + F2(excess) 
Q30)(a) Account for the following:
(i) The acidic strength decreases in the order HCl>H2S>PH3
(ii) Tendency to form pentahalides decreases down the group in group
15 of the periodic table
(b) Complete the following equations:
(i) P4 + SO2Cl2 
(ii) XeF2 + H2O 
(iii) I2 + HNO3 (conc.) 
Q4) draw the structure of XeF4 molecule.
Q4) draw the structure of BrF3 molecule.

2011 F
Q14) how would you account for the following:
(i) The following order of increase in strength of acids:
PH3<H2S<HCl
(ii) The oxidizing power of oxoacids of chlorine follows the order:
HClO4 < HClO3 <HClO2 <HClO
Q22)complete the following chemical equations:
(i) NaOH (hot and conc.)+ Cl2 
(ii) XeF4 + O2F2 at 143 K 
(iii) Br2 + F2 (excess) 
Q23) (a) Mention the optimum conditions for the industrial manufacture of
ammonia by Haber’s process.
(b) Explain the following giving appropriate reasons:
(i)sulphur vapour exhibits paramagnetic behavior.
(ii) red phosphorus is less reactive than white phosphorus.
Q23)draw the structures of the following molecules:
(i) NF3
(ii) H2S2O8
(iii) H3PO3
Q22) Complete the following chemical equations:
(i) P4 + SO2Cl2 
(ii) Fe3+ + SO2 + H2O 
(iii) XeF6 + H2O (excess) 
Q14) Explain giving a reason each for the following situation:
(i) In aqueous medium HCl is stronger acid than HF
(ii) White phosphorus is more reactive than red phosphorus.
Q22) complete the following chemical equations:
(i) C + H2SO4 (conc.) 
(ii) P4 + NaOH +H2O 
(iii) Cl2 + F2 (excess) 

2010 D COMPTT
Q15)write the formulae and the structures of noble gas species which are
isostructural with (i)ICl4- (ii) BrO3-
Q24) give reasons for the following:
(i) PH3 is weaker base than NH3
(ii) OF6 compound is not known
(iii) Fluorine provides the largest variety of interhalogen compounds
amongst the halogens.
Q25) Write the balanced equations for the following reactions.
(i) Chlorine is passed through hot concentrated NaOH solution.
(ii) XeF6 is hydrolysed.
(iii) Excess of SO2 reacts with NaOH solution
Q25) arrange the following in order of the property mentioned:
(i) PH3 ,NH3,SbH3,AsH3 (increasing basic strength)
(ii) HCl,HBr,HI,HF (increasing acidic strength)
(iii) HClO4,HClO, HClO2 (increasing oxidizing power)
Q12) draw structure and predict the shape of (i) H3PO3 (ii) XeOF4
Q22) suggest the possible reason for the following observations:
(i) In the solid state , PCl5 behaves as an ionic species.
(ii) H2S is more acidic than water
(iii) Fluorine forms the largest number of interhalogen compounds
amongst the halogens.
Q17) draw the structure and predict the shape of (i) XeO3 (ii) BrF3
Q26) give reasons for the following:
(i) N2 is not particularly reactive
(ii) Halogens are strong oxidizing agents
(iii) SF6 is less reactive thanSF4

2010 AI COMPTT:
Q5) what is the covalence of nitrogen in N2O5?
Q6) why are the two S –O bonds in SO2 molecule of equal strength?
Q22) answer the following:
(a) Complete the equation XeF6 + H2O (excess) 
(b)What happens when H3PO3 is heated?
(c) Why is ICl more reactive than I2?
Q23) account for the following:
(i) Halogens are coloured
(ii) Nitrogen shows weaker tendency for catenation than phosphorus
(iii) H2S is less acidic than H2Te
Q4) why are pentahalides of metals more covalent than its trihalides?
Q23) account for the following:
(i) Halogensare strong oxidizing agents.
(ii) NH3 is clearly basic while PH3 is feebly basic.
(iii) Oxygen is involved in hydrogen bondingwhile chlorine is not.
Q1) why is BiH3 the strongest reducing agent amongst the hydrides of group
15
elements?
Q20) account for the following:
(i) Unlike other halogens , fluorine forms only one oxoacid ,HOF
(ii) Nitrogen exist as a diatomic molecule whereas phosphorus exist as
P4
(iii) the two S –O bonds in SO2 molecule are equal .
2012 AI
Q4) which is stronger reducing agent , SbH3 or BiH3, and why?
Q12) explain the following facts giving appropriate reason in each case:
(i) NF3 is an exothermic compound whereas NCl3 is not.
(ii) All the bonds in SF4 are not equivalent.
Q29) (a) Draw the molecular structures of the following compounds:
(i) N2O5
(ii) XeOF4
(b) explain the following observations:
(i) sulphur has a greater tendency for catenation than oxygen.
(ii) ICl is more reactive than I2.
(iii) Despite lower value of its electron gain enthalpy with negative
sign,F2 is a stronger oxidizing agent than Cl2.
Q29)(a) complete the following observations:
(i) Cu + HNO3 (dilute) 
(ii) XeF4 + O2F2 
(b) explain the following observations:
(i) phosphorus has a greater tendency for catenation than nitrogen.
(ii) oxygen is a gas but sulphur is a solid
(iii) The halogens are coloured. Why?
Q30) (a) Draw the molecular structures of the following compounds:
(i) H3PO2
(ii) ClF3
(b) explain the following observations:
(i) nitrogen is much less reactive than phosphorus.
(ii) despite having greater polarity,HF boils at a lower temperature than
water.
(iii) sulphur has a greater tendency for catenation than oxygen in the
same group.
Q30) (a) Draw the molecular structures of the following compounds:
(i) N2O5
(ii) HClO4
(b) explain the following observations:
(i) H2S is more acidic than H2O.
(ii) Fluorine does not exhibit any positive oxidation state.
(iii) Helium forms no real chemical compound.
Q4) what is the basicity of H3PO2 acid and why?

2012 D
Q3) Which one of PCl4 + and PCl4 – is not likely to exist and why?
Q14) Explain the following giving an appropriate reason in each case.
(i) O2 and F2 both stabilize higher oxidation states of metals but O2
exceeds F2 in doing so.
(ii) Structures of Xenon fluorides can not be explained by Valence Bond
approach.
Q29) (a) Complete the following chemical reaction equations:
(i) P4 + SO2Cl2 
(ii) XeF6 + H2O 
(b) Predict the shape and angle(90 0 or more or less) in each of the
following cases:
(i) SO32- and the angle O-S-O
(ii) ClF3 and the angle F-Cl-F
(iii) XeF2 and the angle F- Xe –F
Q29) (a) Complete the following chemical equation:
(i) NaOH + Cl2 
(hot and conc.)
(ii) XeF4 + O2F2 
(b) Drawthe structures of the following molecules:
(i) H3PO2
(ii) H2S2O7
(iii) XeOF4
Q3) Of PH3 and H2S which is more acidic and why?
Q30)(a) Draw molecular structures of following compounds:
(i) XeF6
(ii) H2S2O8
(b) Explain the following observations:
(i) The molecules NH3 and NF3 have dipole moments which are of
opposite direction.
(ii) All the bonds in PCl5 molecules are not equivalent.
(iii) S in vapour state exhibits paramagnetism.
Q30) (a) Complete the following chemical equations:
(i) XeF4 + SbF5 
(ii) Cl2 + F2 (excess)
(b) Explain each of the following:
(i)Nitrogen is much less reactive than phosphorus
(ii) The stability of +5 oxidation state decreases down group 15
(iii) The bond angles (O-N-O) are not of the same value in NO2- and NO2+
Q4) Although the H –bonding in HF is much stronger than that in water,yet
water
has a much higher b.p. than HF. Why?
Q12) Explain the following:
(i) The chemical reactivity ofnitrogen is much less thanthat of
phosphorus.
(ii) SF6 is kinetically inert.
Q13) Draw the molecular structures of the following:
(i) H3PO3
(ii) BrF3
Q23) Complete the following chemical equations:
(i) NH4Cl + NaNO2 
(ii) P4 + NaOH + H2O 
(iii) Xe + F2 (at 673K,1bar)
Q4)Which is more acidic and why,H2O or H2S?
Q13)Draw the molecular structures of the following:
(i) H2S2O8
(ii) XeF2
Q23)Complete the following chemical equations:
(i) HgCl2 + PH3 
(ii) NaOH + Cl2 
(hot and conc.)
(iii) XeF4 + O2F2 
Q4)Which is stronger acid in aqueous solution,HF or HCl, and why?
Q12) State a reason for each of the following:
(i) F never exhibits any positive oxidation state.
(ii) He does not form any real chemical compound.
Q23) Complete the following chemical equations:
(i) Sn + 2PCl5 (heat) 
(ii) Fe3+ + SO2 +H2O 
(iii) XeF2 + H2O 

2013 AI
Q2) Name two poisonous gases which can be prepared from chlorine gas.
Q14) Draw the structures of the following molecules:
(i) XeOF4 (ii) H3PO3
Q15) How are interhalogen compounds formed? What
general compositions can be assigned to them?
Q21) give reasons for the following:
(i) Where R is an alkyl group,R3P = O exist but R3N=O does not
(ii) PbCl4 is more covalent than PbCl2
(iii) At room temperature , N2 is much less reactive.
Q2) which aerosol depletes ozone layer?
Q14) Draw the structures of the following molecules:
(i) XeF6 (ii) H2S2O7
Q27) give reasons for the following:
(i) Oxygen is a gas but sulphur is a solid
(ii) O3 acts as a powerful oxidizing agent
(iii) BiH3 is the strongest reducing agent amongstall the hydrides of
group 15 elements.
Q2) what is the basicity of H3PO3 and why?
Q21) give reasons for the following:
(i) Though nitrogen exhibits +5 oxidation state, it does not form
pentahalide.
(ii) Electron gain enthalpy with negative sign of fluorine is less than
that of chlorine.
(iii) The two oxygen-oxygen bond length in ozone molecule are identical.

Question Bank

(The d & f – Block elements) 5 marks


SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)
Q14) A mixed oxide of Fe & Cr,Cr 2O3 is fused with Na2CO3 in the presence of
air to
form a yellow compound (A), On acidification the compound (A) forms
an
orange coloured compound (B) which is strong O.A. Identify ( i ) the
compounds (A) & (B)(ii)Write balanced equation for each step.
Q23) Explain (a) Transition metals act as catalyst
(b) Cr group elements have highest m.p. in their respective
series.
(c ) Transition metals form coloured complexes

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q30) (a)A blackish brown coloured solid A when fused with alkali metal
hydroxide in presence of air produces a dark green coloured compound B
which on electrolytic oxidation in alkaline medium gives a dark purple
compound C.Identify A,B,C& write the reactions involved.
(b) What happens when an acidic solution of green compound B is
allowed to stand for sometime?
Give the equation involved What is this type of reaction called?
Q30) Reasons: (a) T.E. have high enthalpy of atomization
(b) Among the lanthanoids,Ce(III) is easily oxidized to Ce(IV)
(c ) Fe 3+ /Fe 2+ redox couple has less +ve electrode potential than
Mn 3+ / Mn 2+ couple
(d)Cu (I) has d10 configuration while Cu (II) has d 9 configuration ,still
Cu (II)
is more stable in aq. solution than Cu (I).
(e)The second & third transition series elements have almost similar
atomic radii.

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q29) (a) Out of Ag2SO4,CuF2,MgF2& CuCl. Which compound will be coloured &
why?
(b) Explain: (i) CrO4 2- is strong O.A.while MnO42- not.
(ii) Zr & Hf have identical sizes
(iii)The lowest oxidation state of Mn is basic while the highest is
acidic
(iv)Mn (II) shows maximum paramagnetic character amongst the
divalent ions of the first transition series.
Q29) (a) In the titration of FeSO4 withKMnO4 in the acidic medium,why is dil.
H2SO4used instead of HCl?
( b) Reasons: (i) Among transition metals the highest oxidation state is
exhibited in oxoanions of a metal
(ii)T.E. form a no. of interstitial compounds.
(iii)Zn2+ salts are white while Cu2+ salts are blue
(iv)Ce4+ is used as an O.A. in volumetric analysis

2008 D
Q29)Reasons: (i) T.E. & many of their compounds act as a good catalyst.
(ii)Actinoid contraction is greater than lanthanoid contraction
(iii)The E0 value for Mn 3+ / Mn 2+ couple is much more +ve than
that for
Cr 3+ / Cr 2+.
(iv)Sc(21) does not exhibit variable oxidation state & yet it is
regarded
as a T.E.
(v) With d4 configuration , Cr 2+ act as a R.A. but Mn3+ acts as an
O.A.
Q29)(a) What may be the possible oxidation state of T.E. with the following d
electronic configuration in the ground state of their atoms
3d34S2,3d54S2& 3d64S2.Indicate relative stability of oxidation state in
each
case.
(b) Write the steps involved in the preparation of (i)Na 2CrO4 from chromite
ore
(ii) K2MnO4 from pyrolusite ore

2008 AI
Q13) Complete the equations(i) oxidation of Fe2+ by Cr2O72-in acidic medium
(ii) oxidation of S2O32- by MnO4- in neutral aq. medium
Q23) Reason: (i) The T.E.generally form coloured compounds (ii) With 3d4
configuration,Cr2+ act as a R.A.but Mn3+ act as an O.A. (at. Mass
Cr=24,
Mn=25) (iii )The actinoids exhibit a larger no. of oxidation state than
the
corresponding lanthanoids.

2008 F
Q13) Compare the relative stability of +2 oxidation state in aq. Solution for
the
metals having their atoms the outer configuration 3d 34S2,3d54S2&
3d 4S
6 2

Q23) (a) Complete (i) Cr2O72- + H+ + Fe2+ 


(ii)MnO4- + I- + H+ 
(b) How many unpaired electrons are present in Mn 2+ ion?How does it
influence mag.behaviourof Mn2+ ions?

2008 D COMPTT
Q12) Reasons(i)There are irregularities in the e.c. of actinoids.
(ii) Compounds of T.E. are often coloured
Q24) (a) Describe the commercial preparation of KmnO4 from pyrolusite
ore.
( b ) Write ionic equation to represent the reaction of acidified KmnO4
solution with oxalic acid.
Q15)Reasons: (a) T.E. are well known to form complex compounds ( b )The
second & third members in Each group of T.E. have very similar at.
Radii
Q12) Reasons: Why do d block elements generally exhibit large no. of
oxidation
states than those exhibited by the f block elements

2008 AI COMPTT
Q29) Reasons: (i) The actinoids exhibit a larger no. of oxidation state as
compared to Lanthanoids in general.
( ii) Though a T.E. (Sc=21) does not exhibit variable oxidation state.
( b) (i) Describe how K2Cr2O7 is prepared from chromate
(ii)The colour of K2 Cr2O7 solution changes with change in pH of
solution
Q29) (a) On what ground can you say thatSc(21) is a T.E. but Zn(30) is not?
( b)Use Hund’s rule to derive the e.c. of Ce3+ ion & calculate its magnetic
moment by using ‘spin only’formula (Ce=58)
( c )What is lanthanoid contraction & what are its consequences?

2009 AI
Q13) Complete the following reactions:
(i) MnO4- + C2O42- + H+ 
(ii) Cr2O72- + H+ + Fe2+ 
Q25) How would you account for the following
(i) Many of the T,E. and their compounds can act as good catalyst.
(ii) The metallic radii of the5 d series of T.E. are virtually the same as
those of the corresponding members of the 4 d series.
(iii) There is greater range of oxidation state among the actinoids than the
lanthanoids.

2009 D
Q29) (a)Complete the equations:
(i) MnO4- + C2O42- + H+ 
(ii) Cr2O72- + H+ + Fe2+
( b) Explain
(i)There is general increase in the density of elements from Ti to
Cu
(ii)There occurs much more frequent M-M bonding in compounds of
T.E. (3rd series)
(iii) The members in the actinoid series exhibit a large no. of oxidation
states than the corresponding members in the lanthanoid series.
Q29) (a)Complete the equations:
(i) Cr2O72- + H+ +H2S 
(ii)MnO4- + S2O32- + H2O
( b) Explain: (i)The gradual decrease in size in actinoid contraction from
element
to element is greater among the actinoids than that among the
lanthanoids
(ii)The greatest no. of oxidation states are exhibited by members in
the middle of a transition series.
(iii) With the same d orbitals (d4) Cr2+ Is a R.A. but Mn3+ ion is an O.A.
Q28)( a) Complete the equations:
(i) Cr2O72- + H+ + I- 
(ii)MnO4- + Fe2+ + H+ 
( b) Explain
1.T.E. are known to form many interstitial compounds
2. The enthalpy of atomization of T.E. are quite high.
3. T.E. formcoloured compounds
4. T.E. exhibit variable oxidation state.
Q28) Explain : (i) In general the atomic radii of T.E. decrease with at.no. in a
given series.
(ii ) E0 M 2+/ M for Cu is 0.34V It is the only metal in 3 d
series
showing this type of behaviour.
( iii) E0 value for Mn3+/Mn2+ couple is much more +ve
than for
Cr3+/Cr2+ or Fe3+/Fe2+ couple
Q28) (a ) What is meant by lanthanoid contraction?what is it due to and what
consequences does it have on the chemistry of elements following
lanthanoid in the P.T.
( b) Explain (i) Cu+ ion is unstable in aq.solution
(ii)although Co2+ ion appears to be stable ,it is
oxidized to
Co3+ ion in presence of strong ligand.
(iii)E0Mn 2+ / Mn value for Mn is much more than
expected from
the trend for other elements in the series.

2009 F
Q13) Reason:
(i) The enthalpy of atomization of T,E. are quite high’
(ii) There isa greater horizontal similarity in the property ofT.E. than that of the main gr.
Elements.
Q23) Explain :
(i) With the same d orbitals (d4) Cr2+ Is a R.A. but Mn3+ ion is an O.A.
(ii) Cu+ ion is unstable in aq.solution
(iii) Among 3d series of T.E. the largest no. of oxidation states are
exhibited by
Mn
Q13) Complete:
(i)MnO4- + Fe2+ + H+ 
(ii)Cr2O72- + C2O42- + H+ 

2009 D COMPTT
Q29)Reasons:
( a) (i) Cu+ ion is unstable in aq.solution
(ii)Mn2+ ion shows maximum paramagnetic character amongst the bivalent
ions
of 3d series
(iii)Sc salts are white.
( b) Describe the reactions involved in the preparation of K2Cr2O7 from
chromite ore
Q29)(a) Describe the following for first series of T.E. and their trends
(i) at.radii (ii) oxidation states ( iii) I.E.
( b) Name an important alloy which contains some of the lanthanoid
metals.Mention its two uses.

2010 AI
Q29) (a)Complete the equations:
(i) Cr2O7 2- + H2S + H+ 
(ii) Cu2+ + I - 
( b) Account for the following:
(i) The oxidizing power of oxoanins are in the order VO 2 + < Cr2O7 2-
<
MnO4-
(ii) The third ionization enthalpy of Mn (25) is exceptionally high.
(iii) Cr 2+ is a stronger R.A. than Fe 2+
Q29) (a)Complete the equations:
(i) Cr2O7 2- + Fe 2+ + H+ 
(ii)
( b) Explain the following:
(i) La 3+ (57) and Lu 3+ (71) do not show any colour in solution
(ii) Among the divalent cations in the first series of T.E. , Mn exhibits
the maximum paramagnetism.
(iii) Cu + is not known in aqueous solution.

2010 D
Q13) Explain
(i) Generally there is increase in density of elements from Ti-22 to Cu-
29 in the first series of T.E.
(ii) T.E. and their compounds are generally found to be good catalysts in
chemical reaction.
Q23) How would you account for the following
(i) The at. Radii of elements of the 5 d series of T.E. arevirtually the
same as those of the corresponding members of 4 d series.
(ii) E0 value for Mn3+/Mn2+ couple is much more +ve than for
Cr3+/Cr2+ or Fe3+/Fe2+ couple
(iii)The highest oxidation state of ametal is exhibited in its oxide or
fluoride
Q13) Explain:
(i) The T.E. generally form coloured compounds
(ii) Zn is not regarded as a T.E.

2010 F
Q13)Describe preparation of
(i) K2Cr2O7 from Na2CrO4
(ii) KMnO4 from K2MnO4
Q22)Explain:
(i) The enthalpy of atomization of transition metals are quite high
(ii) There is close similarity in physical and chemical property of 4d and
5 d series of the T.E. much more than expected on the basis of usual
family relationship.
(iii)The members in the actinoid series exhibit large no. of oxidation state
than the corresponding member in the lanthanoid series.
Q22) Explain:
(i) The T.E. have great tendencyfor complex formation
(ii) There is a gradual decrease in the atomic size of T.E. in a series with
increasing at.no.
(iii)La and Lu do not show colouration in the solution.(at.no La = 57,Lu =
71)

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q29) (a) (i) Which is stronger R.A.Cr2+ or Fe2+ and why?
(ii)Explain why Cu+ ion is not stable in aq. soln.
(iii) Explai why Ce4+ is a strong O.A.
( b) Descrb the oxidizing property of KMnO4 in neutral or faintly alkaline
medium for its reaction with I- ions and S2O32- ions
Q29) (a) Account for the following
(i) Oxidising power in the series VO2+ <Cr2O72-<MnO4-
(ii) Actinoid contraction is greater from element to element than
lanthanoid contraction
(iii) Oxoanions of a metal show higher oxidation state.
( b) What is Misch metal?Give its one use.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q17)The sum of IE1 and IE2 ,IE3 and IE4 of Ni and Pt are
IE1+IE2 (MJ/mol) IE3+IE4 (MJ/mol)
Ni 2.49 8.80
Pt 2.66 6.70
Based on the above informations answer the following:
(a) Which is the most oxidation state for Ni and Pt?Why?
(b)Out of the two,name the metal which can easily form compounds in +4
oxidation state and why?
Q22)Write chemical equation for the following reactions:
(a) Oxidation of NO2- ion by MnO4- in acidic medium
(b)Acidification ofK2Cr2O7 solution
(c) Disproportionation of Mn(VI) in acidic solution
Q22)Account for the followinh:
(a) Eu(II) is more stable than Ce(II)
(b)T.E. have high enthalpy of atomization
(c) Actinoids are generally coloured.
Q29) Explain:
(a) Actinoids show large number of oxidation states
(b)T.E. form large number of complexes
(c) Cr is typical hard metalwhile He is liquid
(d)MnO is basic while Mn2O3 is acidic in nature
(e) Ag is transition metal but Zn is not
Q29)(a) Give two consequences of lanthanoid contraction.
(b)Complete the following reactions:
(i) MnO4- + S2O32- + H2O
(ii) Cr2O72- + H+ + Sn2+ 
(c)Which of the following has maximum number of unpaired electrons?
Ti3+,V2+,Fe2+,Mg2+
(d)Based on the data arrange Fe2+,Mn2+ and Cr2+ in the increasing
order of stability of +2 oxidation state
E0Cr3+/Cr2+ = -0.4V,E0Mn3+/Mn2+ = 1.5V,E0Fe3+/Fe2+ = 0.80

2011 AI
Q4) What is meant by Lanthanoid contraction?
Q15)How would you account for the following:
(i) Cr2+ is reducing in nature while with the same d orbital
configuration (d4) Mn3+ is an O.A.
(ii) In a transition series of metals,the metal which exhibits the greatest
no. of oxidation state occurs in the middle of the series.
Q16) Complete the following:
(i) MnO4- + S2O32- + H2O
(ii) Cr2O72- + H+ + Fe2+ 
Q16) State reasons
(i) Cu(I) ion is not stable in an aq. solution.
(ii) Unlike Cr3+,Mn2+,Fe3+ and the subsequent other M2+ ions of the
3d series of elements,the rd and the 5d seriesmetals generally do
not form stable cationic species.
Q15) Give reasons:
(i) Transition metals and their compounds are generally found to be
good catalyst
(ii) Metal-Metal bonding is more frequent for the 4d and the 5d series of
treansition metals than that of the 3d series.
Q5)What is meant by lanthanoid contraction?
Q15)Explain giving reasons:
(i) Transition metals and their compounds generally exhibit a
paramagnetic behavior
(ii) The chemistry of actinoids is not smooth as that of lanthanoids.
Q16)Complete the following equations
(i)MnO4- + S2O32- + H2O
(ii) Cr2O72- + H+ + Fe2+ 

Q16)Reasons:
(i) Cu(I) ion is not stable in an aq. solution.
(ii) Unlike Cr3+,Mn2+,Fe3+ and the subsequent other M2+ ions of the
3d series of elements,the rd and the 5d series metals generally do
not form stable cationic species.

2011D
Q13)assign reason for the following:
(i) Copper(I) ion is not known in aqueous solution
(ii) Actinoids exhibit greater range of oxidation states than lanthanoids.
Q23) complete the following chemical equations:
(i) Cr2O7 2- + H2S + H+ 
(ii) KMnO4 (heated)
(iii) MnO4- + C2O42- + H+ 
Q13)assign reason for each of the following:
(i) Transition metals generally form coloured compounds.
(ii) Mn exhibits the highest oxidation state of +7 among the 3d series of
transition elements.

2011 F
Q29) (a) complete the following Reactions in aqueous medium:
(i) Cr2O7 2- + H2S + H+ 
(ii) MnO4- + C2O42- + H+ 
(b ) how would you account for the following:
(i) Metal-metal bonding is more extensive in the 4d and 5d series of
transition elements than the 3d series.
(ii) Mn(III) undergoes disproportionation reaction easily
(iii) Co(II) is easily oxidised in the presence of strong ligands.
Q29)(a) complete the following chemical equations:
(i) Fe3+ + I - 
(ii) CrO42- + H+ 
(b ) explain the following:
(i) Copper(I) ion is not known in aqueous solution
(ii) With d4 configuration Cr(II) is reducing whereas Mn(III) is oxidizing
(iii) Transition metals in general act as good catalysts

2010D COMPTT
Q29)(a) give reasons for the following observations:
(i) Copper(I) ion is not known in aqueous solution
(ii) Mn(II) ion shows maximum paramagnetic character amonst the
bivalent ions of first transition series.
(iii) Sc(21) salts are white.
(b ) Describe the reactions involved in the preparation of K2Cr2O7 from
chromite ore

Q29) (a) Describe the following characteristics of the first series of the
transition metals and their trends in the series (Sc to Zn)
(i) Atomic radii (ii) oxidation states (iii) ionization enthalpies
(c) Name the important alloy which contains some of the lanthanoid
metals. Mention its two uses.
2010 AI COMPTT:
Q29) (a) write the electronic configuration of Ce3+ion,and calculate the
magnetic moment on the basis of spin – only formula.(Ce = 58)
(b) account for the following:
(i) the enthalpy of atomization of the transition metals are high.
(ii) the lowest oxide of a transition metal is basic, the highest is
amphoteric /acidic.
(iii) Co(II) is stable in aqueous solution but in the presence of
complexing
agents,it is easily oxidized
Q29)(a) how does the acidified potassium permanganate solution react
with (i)iron (II) ions and
(ii) Oxalic acid?
Write the ionic equations for the reactions.
(b )name the oxometal anion of the transition metals in which the
metal exhibits the oxidation state equal to group number.
(c ) account for the following:
(i) Sc (21) is regarded asa transition element but Zn(30) is not.
(ii) E0(M2+/M) value for copper is +ve.
2012 AI
Q13) complete the following chemical reaction equations:
(i) Cr2O72- + I- + H+ 
(ii) MnO4 - + NO2 - +H+ 
Q23)how would you account for the following:
(i) Among lanthanoids, Ln (III) compounds are predominant.
However,occasionally in solutions or in solid compounds, +2 and +4
ions are obtained.
(ii) The E0M2+ /M for copper is positive (0.34V). copper is the only metal in
the first series of transition elements showing this behavior.
(iii) The metallic radii of the third (5d) series of transition metals are
nearly the same as those of the corresponding members of the
second series.
Q23) explain the following observations:
(i) Many of the transition elements are known to form interstitial
compounds.
(ii) There is a general increase in density from Ti (Z=22)to
copper(Z=29)
(iii) The members of the actinoid series exhibit a larger number of
oxidation states than the corresponding members of the lanthanoid
series.
Q23) explain the following observations:
(i) With the same d- orbital configuration (d 4) , Cr2+ is a reducing agent
while Mn3+ is an oxidizing agent.
(ii) Actinoids exhibit a much larger number of oxidation states than the
lanthanoids.
(iii) There is hardly any increase in atomic size with increasing atomic
numbers in a series of transition metals.
2012 D
Q15) Complete the following equations:
(i) Cr2O72- + I- + H+ 
(ii) MnO4 - + NO2 - +H+ 
Q22) How would you account for the following:
(i) Many of T.E. are known to form interstitial compounds.
(ii) The metallic radii of the third (5d) series of transition metals are
virtually the same as those of the corresponding group members of
the second
(4d) series.
(iii) Lanthanoids form primarily +3 ions , while the actinoids usually
have higher oxidation states in their compounds,+4 or even +6
being typical.
Q23)How would you account for the following :
(i) With the same d- orbital configuration (d4) Cr2+ is a reducing agent
while Mn3+ is an oxidizing agent.
(ii) The actinoids exhibit a large no. of oxidation states than the
corresponding members in the lanthanoid series.
(iii) Most of the transition metal ions exhibit characteristic in colours in
aq. solution.
Q22)Explain the following observations giving an appropriate reason for
each.
(i) The enthalpies of atomization of transition elements are quite high.
(ii) There occur much more frequent metal-metal bonding in
compoundsof heavy transition metals.
(iii) Mn2+ is much more resistant than Fe2+ towards oxidation.

2012F
Q29)(a) Complete and balance the following chemical equation:
(i) Cr2O72- + I- + H+ 
(ii) MnO4 - + SO3 2- +H+ 
(b) Explain the following observations:
(i) The transition elements and their compounds are known to act as
catalyst.
(ii) The higher oxidation states are usually exhibited by the
members in the middle of a series of transition elements.
(iii) The metal-metal bonding is more frequently found with the second
and third series of transition elements.
Q29) Calculate the number of unpaired electrons in the following gaseous
state
ions: Mn2+,Cr3+,V3+ and Fe2+. Which one of these is the most stable
in
aqueous solution? (at.no. V=23,Cr=24,Mn=25,Fe=26)
(b) Explain the following observations:

(i)The transition metal ions are usually coloured in aq. solution.


(ii) Cu(I) is not stable in an aq.solution.
(iv) The highest oxidation state of a transition metal is exhibited in its
oxide or fluoride.

2013 AI
Q29) (a) give reasons for the following:
(i) Mn3+ is a good oxidizing agent.
(ii) E0 M2+/M values are not regular for first row transition metals (3d
series)
(iii) Although F is more electronegative than O , the highest Mn fluoride
is MnF4, whereasthe heist oxide is Mn2O7.
( b ) Complete the following equations:
(i) 2CrO4 2- + 2 H+ 
(ii) KMnO4 on heating 
Q29) (a) Why do transition elements show variable oxidation states?
(i) Name the element showing maximum number of oxidation states
among the first series of transition metals from Sc (Z=21) to Zn (Z
= 30)
(ii) Name the element which shows only +3 oxidation state.
( b ) What is lanthanoid contraction? Name an important alloy which
contains some of lanthanoid metals.

Question Bank

(Co ordination compounds ) 3 marks

SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)


Q2) Why dos a tetrahedral complex of type [MA2B2] not show geometrical
isomerism?
Q13) A metal ion Mn+ having d4 valence electronic configuration combines
with
three didentate ligands to form a complex compound Assuming ∆o >P
(i) Draw diagram showing d orbital splitting during this complex
formation
(ii) Write the electronic configuration of valence electron of metal M n+ in
in terms of t2g & eg.
(iii) What type of hybridization will Mn+ ion have?
(iv) Name the type of isomerism exhibited by this complex.
SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)
Q21) (a) Give IUPAC name of [CrCl2(H2O)4]Cl
(b) Give the no. of unpaired electrons in [FeF6]4- & [Fe(CN)6]4-
(c ) Name the isomerism.
[Co(NH3)5Br]SO4 & [Co(NH3)5 SO4]Br
Give the chemical test to distinguish between these two compounds.

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q23) Give the e.c. of the
(a) d orbitals of Ti in[Ti(H2O)6]3+ ion in an octahedral crystal field.
(b)Why is this complex coloured? Explain on the basis of distribution of
electron in the d orbitals?
(c) How does he colour change on heating [Ti(H2O)6]3+ ion?

2008 D
Q24) (a) What is a ligand? Give an example of bidentate ligand.
(b) Explain as to how the two complexes of Ni, [Ni(CN)4]2- & Ni(CO)4 have
different structures but do not differ in their magnetic behaviour.[Ni =
28]

2008 AI
Q24) (a)What is the basis of formation of the electrochemical series?
(b) Draw the structures of the geometrical isomers of following
[Co(NH3)3Cl3]
& [CoCl2(en)2]+

2008 F
Q24) Describe the limitations of V.B. theory.

2008 D COMPTT
Q4) Write IUPAC name of[CoCl(NO2)(NH3)4]Cl
Q13) Using V.B. approach , deduce the shape & magnetic character of
[Co(NH3)6]3+ ion (Co =27)

2008 AI COMPTT
Q5) Write IUPAC name of[Co(NH3)6] [Cr(CN)6]
Q1) Write IUPAC name of[Cu(NH3)4] [PtCl4]
Q24) (a)Draw the structure & write the hybridization of Co in cis-
[Co(NH3)4Cl2]+
(b)Write IUPAC name of[Co(NH3)4Cl(ONO)]Cl

2009 AI
Q23) Giving example for each, explain the following
(i) Crystal field splitting
(ii) Linkage isomerism
(iii) Ambidentate ligand
Q23) Compare the following complexes with respect to structural shapes of
units,magnetic behaviour
& hybrid orbitals involved in units [Co(NH3)6]3+ , [Cr(NH3)6]3+,Ni(CO)4
(Co=27,Cr=24,NI=28)
Q23) Explain (i) Low spin octahedral complexes of Ni are not known.
(ii) The∏ complexes are known for transition elements only
(iii)CO is stronger ligand than NH3 for many metals.
Q23) Compare the following complexes with respect to structural shapes of
units,magnetic behaviour & hybrid orbitals involved in units (i)
[Ni(CN)4]2-
(ii) [NiCl4]2- (iii) [CoF6]3-

2009 D
Q23) For the complex [Fe(en)2Cl2]Cl Identify
a) Oxidation no. of Fe.
b) Hybrid orbitals & shape of complex
c) Magnetic behaviour of complex
d) No. of geometrical isomers
e) Whether there is an optical isomer also
f) Name of the complex
Q24) Compare the following complexes with respect to structural
shapes,magnetic behavior & hybridization (i) [CoF 4]2- (ii)
[Cr(H2O)2(C2O4)] -

(iii) [Fe(CN)6]4-
2009 F
Q24) Three geometrical isomers are possible for [Co(en)(H 2O)2(NH3)2]3+. Draw
molecular structures of these three isomers & indicate which one of
them
is chiral
Q24) Compare with respect to molecular shape and magnetic behavior
(i) [Cr(NH3)6]3+ (ii)[Fe(CN)6]4- (iii) [NiCl4]2-
Q24) Explain giving example
( i ) Linkage isomerism (ii) Outer orbital complex (iii) A bidentate ligand

2009 D COMPTT
Q24)(a) Square planar complexes of (MX2L2Type) with C.N. of 4 exhibit
geometrical isomerism whereas tetrahedral complexes with similar
composition do not why?
(b)Describe the type of structural shapes ,magnetic behaviour &
hybridization
of [Co(NH3)4Cl2]Cl (at.no of Co =27)

2010 AI
Q 22) Reasons :
(i) Ni does not form low spin octahedral complexes.
(ii) The∏ complexes are known for the T.E. only.
(iii) Co 2+ is easily oxidized to Co 3+ in the presence of strong ligand.
Q25 ) Write the name , the state of hybridization , shape and the magnetic
behaviour of the following :
(i) [CoCl4] 2- , [Ni(CN)4] 2- ,[Cr(H2O)2 (C2O4)2 ] –
(at. No. Co = 27 , Ni = 28 , Cr = 24)

2010 D
Q5)Give an example of linkage isomerism.
Q14)Name the following coordination compounds according to IUPAC system
of nomenclature:
(i) [Co(NH3)4(H2O)Cl]Cl2
(ii) [CrCl2(en)2]Cl
Q5)Describe the shape and magnetic behavior of following complexes:
(i) [Co(NH3)6]3+
(ii) [Ni(CN)4]2-
Q5)Give an example of ionization isomerism.

2010 F
Q5) What is an ambidentate ligand? Give an example.
Q14)Describe the state of hybridization,shape and magnetic behaviour of
(i) [Cr(H2O)2(C2O4)2]-
(ii) [Co(NH3)2(en)2]3+
Q4) Give an example of coordination isomerism.

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q7)What happens to the colour of coordination compound [Ti(H2O)6]Cl3
when
heated gradually?
Q14)(a) Give e.c. of d orbitals of Ti in [Ti(H2O)6]3+ ion and explain why this
complex is coloured? (Ti = 22)
(b) Write IUPAC name of [Cr(NH3)3(H2O)3]Cl3

NEW SAMPLE PAPER II


Q27)(a) State the hybridization and magnetic behavior of [Cr(CO)6]
( b)What are the factors affecting crystal field splitting energy?
(c) Which of the two is more stable and why? K4[Fe(CN)6] or K3[Fe(CN)6]
NEW SAMPLE PAPER III
Q16) Using Valence bond theory, predict the geometry and magnetic
character of [NiCl4]2-. (Ni = 28)

2011 AI
Q22)Explain the following terms giving suitable example in each case.
(i) Ambident ligand
(ii) Denticity of ligand
(iii) Crystal splitting in an octahedral field
Q22)Write the structures and name of all the stereoisomers of the following
compounds.
(i) [Co(en)3]Cl3 (ii)[Pt(NH3)2Cl2] (iii)[Fe(NH3)4Cl2]Cl
Q22) Write the state of hybridization,the shape and magnetic behavior of
(i) [Cr(NH3)4Cl2]Cl
(ii) [Co(en)3]Cl3
(iii) K2[Ni(CN)4]

2011 D
Q24) write the name,stereochemistry and magnetic behavior of the
following:
(Mn =25,Co=27,Ni=28)
(i) K4[Mn(CN)6]
(ii) [Co(NH3)5Cl]Cl2
(iii) K2[Ni(CN)4]
Q24) for the complex [Fe(en)2Cl2]Cl , identify the following:
(i) Oxidation number of iron
(ii) Hybrid orbitals and shape of the complex
(iii) Magnetic behavior of the complex
(iv) Number of its geometrical isomers
(v) Whether there may be optical isomer also
(vi) Name the complex.

2011 F
Q3)what do you understand by denticity of a ligand?
Q15) name the following coordination compounds and draw their structures:
(i) [CoCl2(en)2]Cl
(ii) [Pt(NH3)2Cl(NO2)]
(Co=27,Pt=78)
Q3) why is CO a stronger ligand than Cl- ?
Q17) draw the structures of isomers ,if any, and write the names of the
following
complexes:
(i) [Cr(NH3)4Cl2]+
(ii) [Co(en)3]3+
(Cr=24,Co=27)
Q3)name the following coordination compound:
K3[CrF6]
Q15) give the name ,the stereochemistry and the magnetic behavior of the
following complexes:
(i) [Co(NH3)5Cl]Cl2
(ii) K2[Ni(CN)4]

2010DCOMPTT
Q23)(a) square planar complexes(of MX2L2 type) with coordination number
of 4
exhibit geometrical isomerism whereas tetrahedral complexes with
similar
composition, do not. why?
(b)describe the type of hybridization,shape and magnetic property of
[Co(NH3)4Cl2]Cl (Co=27)
2010AICOMPTT
Q24) write the IUPAC name and deduce the geometry and magnetic behavior
of the complex K4[Mn(CN)6] (Mn=25)
2012 AI
Q24) name the following coordination entities and draw the structures of
their
stereo isomers:
(i) [Co(en)2Cl2]+
(ii) [Cr(C2O4)3]3-
(iii) [Co(NH3)3Cl3]
( atomic no. Cr = 24 , Co = 27)
Q24) name the following coordination entities and draw the structures :
(i) [Fe(CN)6]4 –
(ii) [Cr(NH3)4Cl2]+
(iii) [Ni(CN)4]2-
(atomic no. Fe = 26, Cr = 24, Ni = 28)
2012D
Q23) Give the formula of each of the following coordination entities.
(i) Co3+ ion is bound to one Cl- , one NH3 molecule and two bidentate
ethylene diamine molecules
(ii) Ni2+ ion is bound to two water molecules and two oxalate ions.
Write the name and magnetic behavior of each of the above
coordination entities.(at.no.Co=27,Ni=28)
Q22) State reasons for each of the following situations:
(i) Co2+ is easily oxidized to Co3+ in presenceof strong ligand
(ii) CO is a stronger complexing reagent than NH3
(iii) The molecular shape of Ni(CO)4 is not same as that of [Ni(CN)4]2-
Q23) write the name,the structure and the magnetic behavior of each one of
the
following complexes:
(i) [Pt(NH3)2Cl(NO2)]
(ii) [Co(NH3)4Cl2]Cl
(iii) [Ni(CO)4]
(at.no. Co=27,Ni=28,Pt=78)
2012F
Q24) Explain the following:
(i) The ∏ complexes are known for transition elements only.
(ii) Nickel(II) does not form low spin octahedral complexes.
(iii) [Fe(CN)6]4- and [Fe(H2O)6]2+ are of different colours in dilute
solutions.
Q24) Name the following complexes and draw the structures of one possible
isomer of each:
(i) [Cr(C2O4)3]3-
(ii) [Pt(NH3)2Cl2]
(iii) [Co(en)2Cl2]+

2013 AI
Q22) For the complex [NiCl4]2- , write
(i) The IUPAC name.
(ii) The hybridization type.
(iii) The shape of the complex
(Atomic no. of Ni =28)
Q22) what is meant by crystal field splitting energy? On the basis of crystal
field theory ,write the electronic configuration of d4 in terms of t2g and eg in
an octahedral field when
(i) ∆o > P
(ii) ∆o < P

Question Bank

(Haloalkanes & Haloarenes) 4 marks


IUPAC
Q1) IUPAC name of CH3CH=C(CH3)CH(Br)CH3
Q2) IUPAC name of CH3CH=C(CH3)CH2Br
Q3) IUPAC name of CH3C(CH3)=C(Br)CH2OH
Q4) IUPAC name of CH3CH=CHCH2Br
Q5) IUPAC name of

Q6) Draw the structure of following compound.


4-Bromo-3-methylpent-2-ene
Q7) Draw the structure of following compound.
1-Bromo-4-sec-butyl-2-methyl benzene
Q8) IUPAC name of CH2=CHCH2Br
Q9)CH3CH=C(CH3)CH2Br

MECHANISM
Q1) An optically active compound having M.F.C 7H5Br reacts with aq.KOH to
give
racemic mixture of products. Write the mechanism.
Q2) Discuss the mechanism of SN1 reaction of haloalkanes
Q3) Suggest a possible mechanism for the following
n-BuBr + KCN (ethanol/H2O  n-BuCN
Q4) How would you differentiate between SN1 and SN2 mechanism of
substitution reaction ? Give one example of each.
Q5)Propose mechanism of the reaction taking place when
(i) (-)-2-Bromooctane reacts with NaOH to form(+)-octan-2-ol
(ii) 2- Bromopentane is heated with alc. KOH to form alkenes

REASONS
Q1) Explain as to why haloarenes are much less reactive than haloalkanes
Towards Nucleophilic substitution reaction.
Q2) Which compound in the following pairs will react faster in S N2 reaction
with
–OH & why?(i)CH3Br or CH3I (ii) (CH3)3CCl or CH3Cl
Q3) Which compound in the following pairs will undergo SN2 reaction faster
why?C6H11CH2Cl or C6H11Cl
Q4) (i)Why is it that haloalkanes are more reactive than haloarenes towards
nucleophile.
(ii) Which one of the following reacts faster in SN1 reaction & why?
CH3CH2C(Cl)CH2CH3 or CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl,
Q5)Reason: (a) The order of reactivity of haloalkane is RI > RBr>RCl
(b)Neopentylchloride does not follow SN2 mechanism
Q6)(a)Which of the following compounds would react faster by SN2 path
(1-Bromobutane or 2-Bromobutane) &why?
(b)Allyl chloride is more reactive than n- propyl chloride towards
nucleophilic
substance reaction explain why?
( c ) Haloalkanes react with KCN to give alkyl cyanide as main product
while with AgCN they form isocyanide as main product. Give reason.
Q7) (a) Which will have a higher b.p. 1-chloropentane or 2-chloro-2-methyl
butane
(b)Give reason:p- nitrochlorobenzene undergoes nucleophilic
substitution faster than chlorobenzene.Explain giving the resonating
structures as well.
Q8)Answer
(i)Identify chiral in CH3CHOHCH2CH3 and CH3CHOHCH3
(ii)Among the following compounds which one is more easily hydrolysed and
why?CH3CHClCH2CH3 or CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl
(iii)Which of these will react faster in SN2 displacement and why?
1-Bromopentane or 2-Bromopentane
Q9)Which is more easily hydrolysed by KOH and why?
CH3CHClCH2CH3 or CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl
Q10)Account for the following:
(i)Chloromethane reacts with AgCN to form methyl isocyanide as
chief product
(ii) Use of DDT was banned in United States in 1973
(iii)Benzyl halides show high reactivity towards SN1 reaction
Q11)Iodoform has antiseptic property.Give reason to support this.

CONVERSION/WORD PROBLEM
Q1)How will you bring about following conversion
Methyl bromide to methyl iodide.

COMPLETE EQUATIONS
Q1) Complete C6H5 CH=CH2 + HBr
Q2)Write the main product
(i) (CH3)2CHCl + Na (dry ether )
(ii)CH3Br + AgF + Heat 
(i) CH3CH2Br + NaI (dry acetone)
(ii) C6H5N2Cl + Cu/HCl 
(iii)Complete CH3CH2CH=CH2 + HBr (peroxide) 
Q3) Complete the reaction: (i) C6H5N2Cl + KI 
(ii) CH2=CH2 + Br2 (CCl4)
(i) C6H11OH + SOCl2 
Q4) Write the major product
(i)CH3CH=C(CH3)2 + HBr 
(ii) C6H5ONa + C2H5Cl 
Q5)Complete the reaction
CH3CH=CH2 + HBr (peroxide) X +NaI(acetone)Y
QUESTION
Q1) In each of the following pairs of organic compounds. Identify the
compound
which will undergo SN1 reaction faster? (a) (CH3)3Cl & CH3CH2CH(Cl)CH3
(a) C6H5Cl & C6H5CH2Cl
Q2) The treatment of an alkyl chloride with aq. KOH leads to the formation of
an
Alcohol whereas in the presence ofalc.KOH , alkene is the major product.
Q3) A solution of KOH hydrolyses CH3CHClCH2CH3 and CH3CH2CH2CH2Cl
Which will be hydrolysed easily?
Q4)(i) State one use of each DDT and Iodoform
(ii) Which couple reacts faster in SN2 displacement and why?
(a)1-Bromopentane or 2-Bromopentane
(b) 1-Bromo-2-methyl butane or 2-Bromo-2-methyl butane
Q5) Explain:
(i)G.R. should be prepared under anhydrous condition.
(ii)C6H5CHClCH3 is hydrolysed more easily with KOH than
C6H5CH2Cl.
Q6)Arrange the following in the decrease order of reactivity towards SN2
displacement reaction and give reason in support of your answer.
(i) C2H5Br ,C2H5I ,C2H5Cl.
(ii)(CH3)3CBr ,CH3CH2CHBrCH3 , CH3CH2CH2CH2Br
Q7)Rearrange the compounds of each of following set in order of reactivity
towards SN2 displacement
(i)2-Bromo-2-methylbutane , 1-Bromopentane ,2-Bromopentane
(ii) 1-Bromo-3-methyl butane , 2-Bromo-2-methyl butane , 3-Bromo-2-methyl
Butane
(iii)1-Bromo butane ,1-Bromo-2,2-dimethyl propane ,1-Bromo-2-methyl
butane

NAME REACTIONS

DISTINGUISHING TEST

2011 D
Q5) write the IUPAC name of (CH3)3CCH2Br
Q25) answer the following:
(i) Haloalkanes easily dissolve in organic solvent, why?
(ii) What is known as a racemic mixture? give an example.
(iii) Of the two bromoderivatives,C6H5CH(CH3)Br and C6H5CH(C6H5)Br
which on is more reactive in SN1 substitution reaction and why?

2011 F
Q4) which will react faster in SN2 displacement,1-bromopentane or
2- Bromopentane and why?
Q24) complete the following reaction equation:
(i) 1-Methylcyclohexene + HI 
(ii) C6H5 CH = CH2 + HBr 
(iii) CH3CH2CH =CH2 + HBr 

2010 D COMPTT
Q12) suggest a possible mechanism for the following reaction:
n-BuBr + KCN (ETOH , H2O )  n- BuCN
Q19) suggest a possible reason for the following observations:
(i) The orderof reactivity of haloalkanes is RI > RCl > RBr.
(ii) Neopentyl chloride does not follow SN2 mechanism.
(iii) Ethers have low boiling points.
2010 AI COMPTT
Q7) write the structure of the compound 4-tert.Butyl-3-iodoheptane.
Q25) explain why
(i) The dipole moment of chlorobenzene is lower than that of
cyclohexyl chloride.
(ii) Alkyl halides though polar are immiscible with water.
(iii) In the pair, (CH3)3CCl and CH3Cl,CH3Cl will react faster in SN2
reaction with –OH.
Q1)write IUPAC name of neopentyl chloride
Q2) write the structure of 1-Chloro-4-ethylcyclohexane.
Q6)write the structure of 1,4-Dibromobut-2-ene

2012 AI
Q5) What happens when bromine attacks CH2 = CH-CH2-C ≡ CH
Q25)Answer the following questions:
(i) What is meant by chirality of a compound?give an example.
(ii) Which one of the following compounds is more easily hydrolysed by KOH and why?
CH3CHClCH2CH3 or CH3CH2CH2Cl
(iii) Which one undergoes SN2 sustitution reaction faster and why?
CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2I or CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2Cl
Q5) write IUPAC name of following.
CH2 = C(CH3)-CH2Br
2012 D
Q4) write IUPAC name of following.
CH2 = C(CH3)-CH2Br
Q24) Although chlorine is an electron withdrawing group, yet it is ortho,para-
directing in electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions.Explain why it
is
so.

2012 F
Q14) What are ambident nucleophiles? Explain giving an example.
Q15) Explain as to why
(i) Alkyl halides,though polar,are immiscible with water.
(ii) Grignard reagent should be prepared under anhydrous conditions.

2013 AI
Q5) Write IUPAC name of the following:
CH3 C (CH3)2 CH (Cl) CH3
Q23) Give reason for the following:
(i) Ethyl iodide undergoes SN2 reaction faster than ethyl bromide.
(ii) (+_) 2- Butanol is optically inactive.
(iii) C-X bond length in halobenzene is smaller than C-X bond length in
CH3-X
Q5) write the IUPAC name of the following compound:
CH3CH(Br)CH2CH(Cl)CH3
Q3) write the IUPAC name of the following compound:
Benzene ring 1and 4 position Cl and 3 position CH3 gr.

Question Bank
(Organic compounds – Alcohols , Phenols , Ethers) 4 marks
IUPAC
1) (CH3)2CH-CH2-CH(OH)-CH(CH3)-CH2OH
2) CH3-O-CH2-CH(CH3)-CH2-CH3
3) 4-Chloropentan-2-one
4) CH2=CH-CH(OH)-CH2-CH2-CH3
5) (CH3)2C(OH)-CH2-CO-CH3
6) 2-Methyl-2-ethoxy pentane
7) Write structure of 1- Phenylpropan – 2- ol
8) Write the structure of phenyl isopentyl ether
9) Draw the structure of 2,6-Dimethyl phenol

MECHANISM
1) Formation of diethyl ether from ethyl alcohol.
2) Alcohols reacts both as electrophile & as nucleophiles in their reactions
3) Acid catalysed dehydration of an alcohol forming an alkene
4) Acid catalysed hydration of an alkene forming an alcohol
5) Preparation of ethoxyethane from ethanol.Does the reaction follow SN1
or SN2 pathway.

REASONS
1) Ethoxy ethane is soluble in water?
2) Phenol is more acidic than ethanol
3) Which is stronger acid phenol or cresol? Why?
4) Phenols do not give protonation reaction readily?
5) m- amino phenol is stronger acid than o- aminophenol
6) Alcohols act as weak base.
7) Propanol has higher b. p. than that of hydrocarbon Butane.
8) Preparation of ether by acid dehydration of 20 &30 alcohol is not a
suitable method
9) Ethanol has higher b.p. than methoxy methane.
10) Alcohols are comparatively more soluble in water than
hydrocarbon of comparable M.M
11) O- & p- nitrophenols are more acidic than phenol
12) Ethers have low b.p.
13) The b.p. of ethanol is higher than that of methoxy methane
14) O-nitrophenol is more acidic than o-methoxy phenol

CONVERSION/WORD PROBLEM
1) Ethyl alcohol to acetaldehyde
2) Butan-2-one to Butan-2-ol
3) Phenol to 2,4,6-tribromophenol
4) phenol to benzoquinone
5) Propanone to 2- Methyl propan-2-ol
6) Propene to Propan- 2- ol
7) Benzyl chloride to Benzyl alcohol
8) Methyl Mg Bromide to 2-Methyl propan-2-ol
9) Ethyl Mg Bromide to propan-1-ol
10) Ethenol to ethene

COMPLETE EQUATIONS
1) Write the products obtained when benzyl phenyl ether is heated with HI

QUESTION
1) Name the reagents & write chemical equation for preparation of
(a) ethoxy benzene
(b)2- Methyl-2-methoxy propane
2) Addition of G.R. to a carbonyl group of a comp. forming an adduct
followed by hydrolysis?
3) Acid catalysed dehydration of an alcohol forming an alkene
4) Acid catalysed hydration of an alkene forming an alcohol
5) How do you account for the miscibility of ethoxy ethane with water?
6) Which is a stronger acid phenol or cresol?Explain
7) Give possible explaination for the following
(a) O-nitrophenol is more acidic than o-methoxy phenol
(b)Alcohols are easilyprotonated in comparison to phenol.
(c) The relative ease of dehydration of alcohol is 30>20>10

NAME REACTIONS
1) Reimer Tiemann reaction
2) Williamson’s synthesis
3) Kolbe’s reaction
4) Friedel Crafts reaction

DISTINGUISHING TEST
1) phenol & cyclohexanol
2) Propan-2-ol & benzyl alcohol
3) Phenol & benzyl alcohol
4) Butan-2-ol & 2-Methyl propan-2-ol
5) Ethanol & phenol
6) 1- propanol & 2- propanol
7) Phenol & benzoic acid
8) Isopropyl alcohol and n-propyl alcohol
9) Methyl ethanoate and ethyl methanoate

2011D
Q14) Explain the following giving one example for each:
(i) Reimer Tiemann reaction
(ii) Friedel Craft acetylation of anisole
Q15) How would you obtain
(i) Picric acid (2,4,6 – Trinitrophenol) from phenol
(ii) 2-Methylpropene from 2- Methylpropanol

2011F
Q5) write IUPAC name of (CH3)2C = C(Br) CH2OH
Q26) How would you obtain
(i) Benzoquinone from phenol
(ii) Propan-2-ol from propene
(iii) 2-Methylpropan-2-ol from methyl magnesium bromide

2010DCOMPTT
Q1) write IUPAC name of (CH3)2C(OH)CH2 CO CH3
Q2) write structure of 2-Methyl-2-thoxypentane
Q11) give one chemical test to distinguish between the following pairs of
compounds:
(i) Phenol and benzoic acid
(ii) 1-Propanol and 2-Propanol

2010 AI COMPTT
Q13)Describe the mechanism of hydration of ethane to yield ethanol
Q14) write chemical equation each to illustrate the following reactions:
(i) Reimer tiemann reaction
(ii) Williamson’s synthesis

2012 AI
Q14) Explain the following behaviours:
(i) Alcohols are more soluble in water than the hydrocarbons of
comparable molecular masses.
(ii) Ortho nitrophenol is more acidic than ortho methoxyphenol.
Q15) explain the mechanism of acid catalysed hydration of an alkene to form
corresponding alcohol.

2012 D
Q5) Draw structural formula of 2-methylpropan-2-ol.
Q25) Draw the structure and name the product formed if the following
alcohols
are oxidized. Assume that an excess of oxidizing agent is used.
Q5) Draw the structure of hex-1-en-3-ol.

2012 F
Q5) Write the IUPAC name of CH3 CH=CH-CH(OH)CH2CH3.
Q25) State the products of the following reactions:
(i) CH3CH2CH2OCH3 + HBr 
(ii) C6H5OC2H5 + HBr 
(iii) (CH3)3COC2H5 + HI 
Q5) Of the two alcohols:
(a) CH2=CHCH2OH
(b)CH2=CHCH2CH2OH,
Which one will react more easily with conc. HCl in the presence of ZnCl2?
Q5) Write the IUPAC name of CH3O CH2CH(CH3)2

2013 AI
Q16) Explain the mechanism of the following reaction:
CH3-CH2-OH (H+ and 443 K)  CH2=CH2 + H2O
Q17) Write the equations involved in the following reactions:
(i) Reimer – Tiemann reaction
(ii ) Williamson’s ether synthesis.

Question Bank

(Organic compounds containing aldehydes, ketones & carboxylic


acids) 6marks
IUPAC
(i) (CH3)2C=CHCOCH3
(ii) 4-Methylpent-3-en-2-one
(iii)CH3COCH2COCH3
(iv) CH3COCH2CH(Cl)CH3
(v)CH3C≡CCH=CHCOOH
(vi)OH)C6H5COC6H5OH
(vii)C6H5CON(CH3)2
(viii)1-Phenylpentan-1-one
(ix)3-Oxopentanal
(x)(CH3)2CHCOCH(CH3)2
(xi)CH3CH2COC6H5
(xii)2-Methylcyclopent-3-enecarboxylic acid
(xiii)(CH3)2C=CHCOCH3
(xiv)4-Chloropentan-2-one
(xv) 2,6-Dimethyl phenol

MECHANISM
1)Explain the mechanism of a nucleophilic attack on the carbonyl gr. Of an
aldehyde or a ketone.
REASONS
(i)Aldehydes are more reactive than ketones towards nucleophile
(i) The b.p. of aldehydes & ketones are lower than corresponding acids.
(ii) The aldehydes & ketones undergo a no. of addition reactions
(iii) Monochloroethanoic acid has a higher pKa value than
dichloroethanoic acid
(iv) Ethanoic acid is weaker acid than benzoic acid
(v) Benzoic acid does not undergo F/C reaction.
(vi) pKa value of chloroacetic acid is lower than pKa value of acetic acid.
(vii) P-nitrobenzoic acid has higher Ka value than benzoic acid
(viii) Acetone is highly soluble in water but benzophenone is not.

CONVERSION/WORD PROBLEM
Q1) An organic compound (A)having M.F. C 8H8O forms an orange red ppt (B)
with 2,4-DNP reagent. Compound (A) gives a yellow ppt (C) when heated in
presence of I2 & NaOH alongwith a colourless compound (D).(A) does not
reduce Tollen’s reagent or Feh. Soln. nor does it decolourise Br 2 water. On
drastic oxidation of (A) with chromic acid,a carboxylic acid (E) of M.F. C 7H6O2
is formed. Deduce the structures of org. compds. (A) to(E).
Q2) An organic compound A with M.F. C 5H8O2is reduced to n-pentane on
treatment with Zn-Hg/HCl. A forms a dioxime with hydroxylamine &gives a
positive iodoform test & Tollen’s test Identify the compound A & deduce its
structure.
Q3) An unknown aldehyde A on reacting with alkali gives β-hydroxyaldehyde
which loses water to form an unsaturated aldehyde , 2- butenal.Another
aldehyde B undergoes disproportionation reaction in presence of conc.alkali
to form products C & D. C is aryl alcohol with the formula C7H8O.
(i) Identify A & B
(ii) Wrute the sequence of reactions involved.
(iii) Name the product when B reacts with Zn/Hg & HCl.
Q4) A compound X (C2H4O) on oxidation gives Y (C 2H4O2). X undergoes
haloform reaction. On treatment with HCN , X forms a product Z which on
hydrolysis gives 2- hydroxyl propanoic acid
(i)Write structures of X & Y
(ii)Name the product when X reacts with dil. NaOH
(iii)Write the equation for the reactions involved.
Q5) An organic compound contains 69.77% C ,11.63% H ,& rest is O. The
molar mass of the compound is 86.It does not reduce Tollen’s reagent but
forms an addition compound with NaHSO 3 & gives a positive iodoform test.
On vigorous oxidation it gives ethanoic & propanoic acid.Deduce the
possible structure of org. compd.
Q6)An org.compd.A(C7H6Cl2) on treatment with NaOH soln. gives another
compd. B (C7H6O). B on oxidation gives an acid C (C 7H6O2) which on
treatment with a mixture of conc. HNO3 & conc.H2SO4 gives a compd. D
(C7H5NO4). B on treatment with conc. NaOH gives a compd E (C 7H8O) &
C6H5COONa. Deduce structures of A,B,C,D,E.
Q7) An org.compd.A having M.F. C 8H16O2 was hydrolysed with dil. H2SO4 to
give a carboxylic acid B& an alcohol C. Oxidation of C with chromic acid
produces B.C on dehydration gives But-1-ene.Write equations for the
reactions involved.
Q8) An org. comp.A (C3H6O) is resistant to oxidation but forms comp.
B(C3H8O) on reduction reacts with HBr to form the comp. C. C with Mg forms
G.R. D which reacts with a to form a product whichon hydrolysis gives E.
Identify A to E
Q9) Identify A to E.
A [O] B + Ca(OH)2 C +DistlD +LiAlH4[H]E + HBrCH3CH(Br)CH3
Q10) An org.comp. A on treatment with acetic acid in presence ofH 2SO4
produces an ester B. A on mild oxidation gives C.C with 50% KOH followed
by acidification with dil HClgenerates A & D D with PCl 5followed by reaction
withNH3 gives E. E on dehydration produces HCN Identify the comp.
A,B,C,D,E.
Q11) Identify the comp. A,B,C,D,E.
A +Cl2 CHCl3+NaOH  B+ C6H5COCl C C6H6/AlCl3D + E
Q12)An organic compound (A) which has characteristic odour.On treatment
with NaOH it forms two compounds (b) and (C).Compound(B) has M.F. C7H8O
which on oxidation gives back (A).The compound (C) is a sodium salt of an
acid.When (C)is treated with sodalime it yields an aromatic hydrocarbon
(D).Deduce the structure o A,B,C,D.Write the sequence of reactions involved.
Q13)An organic compound X undergoes acid hydrolysis to form two
compounds Y and Z.Y reacts with Na2CO3 to form A, A is heated with
sodalime to form B(CH4). Y on reduction with LiAlH4 forms Z.Identify
X,Y,Z,A,B and write the reactions involved.
Q14) An organic compound A hasM.F. C5H10O.It does not reduce Tollen’s
reagent but forms an orange ppt.with 2,4-DNP reagent.It forms a carboxylic
acid B with M.F. C3H6O. When treated with alk. KMnO4. Yellow ppt. on
treatment with NaOH and I2 under vigorous conditions.On oxidation it gives
ethanoic acid and propanoic acid.Sodium salt of B gave a H.C. C in Kolbe’s
electrolytic reduction.Identiy A,B,C and write the reactions involved.
Q15) Predict the products formed:
(i)A reacts with phMgBr and is then hydrolysed
(ii)A reacts with hydrazine and then heated with KOH and ethylene glycol.

Identify
Q1) (A) to (E)
(i) (***) +O3  (A) +(B)
(ii) (A) + (B) +dil NaOH  (C) + H2O
(iii) (C) + O3 /Zn/H2O  (A) + (D)
(iv) (D) +H2/Ni&Heat  (E)
Q2) A,B,C
(iii) A + H2 + Pd /BaSO4 (CH3)2CHCHO
(iv) (CH3)3C-CO-CH3 + NaOI  B + C
Q3) Identify A,B and C in the following
C2H2 + (dil.H2SO4/HgSO4)A (dil.NaOH)  B on heatingC

Conversions:
(i) Ethyl benzene to benzene
(ii) acetaldehyde to Butan-1,3-diol
(iii) acetone to propene
(iv)ethanol to acetone
(v) benzene to acetophenone
(vi) benzoic acid to benzaldehyde
(vii) Propanone to Propene
(viii) Bromobenzene to 1-Phenylethanol
(ix) Benzoic acid from ethylbenzene
(x) Benzaldehyde from Toluene
(xi) Ethanol to 3- Hydroxybutanal
(xii) Bezaldehyde to Benzophenone
(xiii) Cyclohexanol to cyclohexan-1-one
(xiv) Ethyl benzene to benzoic acid
(xv) Bromobenzene to benzoic acid
(xvi) Ethyl cyanide to ethanoic acid
(xvii) Butan-1-ol to butanoic acid
(xviii) Methyl benzoic acid to benzoic acid
(xix) Ethanal to but-2-enal
(xx) Benzene to bezaldehyde
(xxi) Benzene to acetophenone
(xxii) Ethyl cyanide to 1-phenyl propanone
(xxiii) Butanoic acid from butanol

COMPLETE EQUATIONS
1)C6H5COCl +H2(Pd-BaSO4) 
2) C6H6+ ----------- (anhy.AlCl3)C6H5COCH3
3) C6H6 + ------------ C6H5COC6H5
4)Fill the missing X,Y,Z.
(i)C6H5CHO + CH3CH2CHO +(NaOH)  X
(ii)Ch3CH2CH2CH2OH + (Y) CH3CH2CH2COOH
(iii)CH3(CH2)9COOC2H5 + (Z) CH3(CH2)9CHO
5)HOOCC6H4COOH + SOCl2
6)C6H5CHO + (H2NCONHNH2 )
7) C6H10=CH2  C6H11CHO

QUESTION
1) Arrange in increasing order of their acid strength
(CH3)2CHCOOH ,CH3CH2CH(Br)COOH , CH3CH(Br)CH2COOH
Benzoic acid , 4-Nitrobenzoic acid,3,4-Dintrobenzoic acid , 4- Methoxy
benzoic acid
CH3CH2CH(Br)COOH ,CH3CH(Br)CH2COOH ,(CH3)2CHCOOH ,CH3CH2CH2COOH
(reactivity towards HCN)-acetaldehyde,acetone,Di-terbutylketone,methyl ter
butyl ketone
2) What is Tollen’s Reagent?Write one usefulness of the reagent
3)Write two important uses of formalin

NAME REACTIONS
(i) Cannizaro’s reaction
(ii) Cross aldol condensation
(iii) Decarboxylation
(iv) Acetylation
(v) Hell VolHard Zelinsky reaction
(vi) Clemmenson’s Reduction
(vii) Rosenmund’s reduction
(viii) Wolf Kishner reduction reaction
(ix) Aldol condensation

Distinguishing Tests:
acetaldehyde & benzaldehyde
(i) propanone & propanol
(ii) Propanal & propanone
(iii) Phenol & benzoic acid
(iv) Acetophenone & benzophenone
(v) Ethanal & propanal
(vi) Benzoic acid & Ethyl benzoate
(vii) Formic acid and acetic acid
(viii) Benzaldehyde and acetophenone

2011 D
Q6) 3-Methylbutanal (IUPAC)
Q29) (a) give chemical test to distinguish between:
(i) Propanal and propanone
(ii) Benzaldehyde and acetophenone
(b)How would you obtain:
(i) But-2-enal from ethanol
(ii) Butanoic acid from butanol
(iii) Benzoic acid from ethyl benzene
Q29) (a) describe the following chemical equation
(i) Cannizaro’s reaction
(ii) decarboxylation
(b) Complete
(i) Ethyl benzene (KMnO4/KOH ) and heat 
(ii) phthalic acid (SOCl2) and heat 
(iii) Benzamide (H3O+) and heat 

2011 F
Q6) Write the structure of following
3-oxopentanal
Q30) (a) give chemical test to distinguish between:
(i) Propanal and propanone
(ii) Benzaldehyde and acetophenone
(b) How would you obtain:
(i) But-2-enal from ethanol
(ii) Butanoic acid from butanol
(iii) Benzoic acid from ethyl benzene
Q30) (a) describe the following chemical equation
(i) Cannizaro’s reaction
(ii) decarboxylation
(b) Complete
(i) Ethyl benzene (KMnO4/KOH ) and heat 
(ii) phthalic acid (SOCl2) and heat 
(iii) Benzamide (H3O+) and heat 

2010 DCOMPTT
Q1) write IUPAC name of (CH3)2C(OH)CH2COCH3
Q30)An organic compound (A) on treatment with acetic acid in the presence
of
sulphuric acid produces an ester (B). (A) on mild oxidation gives (C) (C)
with
50%KOH followed by acidification with dilute HCl generates (A) and
(D).(D)with PCl5 followed by reaction wit ammonia gives (E).(E) on
dehydration produces hydrocyanic acid.Identify the
compoundsA,B,C,D,E.
Q30)Identify A,B,C,D,E in the following sequence of reactions:
A (Cl2) CHCl3 (NaOH) B (C6H5COClC (C6H6 /AlCl3D + E
Q8) write the IUPAC name of the following (CH3)2CH CO CH(CH3)2
Q5) write the IUPAC name of the following CH3CH2COC6H5

2010AI COMPTT
Q8) write the IUPAC name of the following CH2CH2CH2CHCHO(cyclic
structure)
Q30)An organic compound A on treatment with ethyl alcohol gives a
carboxylic
acid B and compound. Hydrolysis of C under acidified condition gives B
and
D.Oxidation of D with KMnO4 also givesB. B on heating with Ca(OH)2
gives
E having molecular formula C3H6O. E does not give Tollen’s test and
does
not reduce Fehling’s solution but forms a 2,4-dinitrophenyl hydrazone.
Identify A,B,C,D and E.
Q30) Identify A,B,C,D and E.
C6H5CH3 + CrO3 + (CH3CO)2O (273-283K) A (heat,H2O) B
(conc.NaOH)
C+ C6H5COONa
C6H5CH3(KMnO4,KOH ,HEAT) D ( H3O+) E
Q7)C6H4Cl COCH3 (IUPAC name)

2012 AI
Q6) CH3-CH2-CH = CH- CHO (IUPAC name)
Q6) Ph-CH = CH –CHO (IUPAC name)
Q30)(a) write a suitable chemical equation to complete each of the following
Transformations:
(i) Butan-1-ol to butanoic acid
(ii) 4-Methylacetophenone to benzene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid
(b) An organic compound with molecular formula C9H10O forms 2,4-DNP
derivative,reduces Tollen’s reagent and undergoes Cannizaro’s
reaction.On vigorous oxidation it gives 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic
acid.Identify the compound.
Q30) (a) give chemical tests to distinguish between
(i) Propanol and propanone
(ii) Benzaldehyde and acetophenone
(b) arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their
property as indicated:
(i) Acetaldehyde,acetone,methyl tert-butyl ketone (reactivity
towards HCN)
(ii) Benzoic acid,3,4-dinitro benzoic acid ,4-methoxy benzoic acid
(acid strength)
(iii) CH3CH2CH(Br)COOH,CH3CH(Br)CH2COOH,(CH3)2CHCOOH (acid
strength)
2012 D
Q6) Arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their
reactivity in
nucleophilic addition reactions: ethanol,propanal,propanone,butanone.
Q30) (a) Illustrate the following name reactions giving suitable example in
each
case:
(i) Clemmensen reduction
(ii) Hell-Volhard Zelinsky reaction
(b) How are the following conversions carried out?
(i) ethyl cyanide to ethanoic acid
(ii)Butan-1-ol to butanoicacid
(iii) Benzoic acid to m-bromobenzoic acid
Q30) (a) Illustrate the following reactions giving suitable example for each.
(i) Cross-Aldol condensation
(ii) Decarboxylation
(b)Give simple test to distinguish between the following pairs of
compounds.
(i) Pentan-2-one and Pentan-3-one
(ii) Benzaldehyde and acetophenone
(iii) Phenol and benzoic acid .

2012 F
Q6) Draw the molecular structureof the compound,4-methylpent-3en-2-one.
Q30) (a) Describe the mechanism of the addition of Grignard reagent to the
carbonyl group of a compound to form an adduct which on hydrolysis
yields an alcohol.
(b) Draw thestructures of the following compounds:
(i) 3-Methylbutanal
(ii)Hexane-1,6-dioic acid
(iii) p-Nitropropiophenone
Q30) (a) Illustrate the following rections giving a suitable chemical equation
for each:
(i) Cannizaro reaction
(ii) Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction
(b) How would you bring about the following conversions?Write the
complete equation in each case:
(i) Ethanal to 3-Hydroxybutanal
(ii)Benzoic acid to m-nitrobenzyl alcohol
(iii)Benzaldehyde to Benzophenone

2013 AI
Q5) Rearrange the following compounds in the increasing order of their
b.p.
CH3CHO ,CH3CH2OH , CH3CH2CH3
Q30) (a) How will you convert the following:
(i) Propanone to Prpan-2-ol
(ii) Ethanal to 2-hydroxy propanoic acid
(iii) Toluene to benzoic acid
( b ) give simple chemical test to distinguish between:
(i) Pentan-2-one and Pentan-3-one
(ii) Ethanal and Propanal
Q30) ( a) Write products of the following reactions:
(i) CH3 CO CH3 (Zn-Hg , conc. HCl)
(ii) CH3 CO Cl + H2 (Pd –BaSO4)
(iii) C6H5COOH (Br2/FeBr3) 
( b) Which of each pair shown here would you expect to e stronger?
(i) F-CH2-COOH or Cl-CH2-COOH
(ii) C6H5OH or CH3COOH
Q4) ethanal is soluble in water.why?

Question Bank

(Organic compounds containing nitrogen)


4 marks

IUPAC
1) Write IUPAC name of CH3-N(C2H5)-CO-CH3
2) Write IUPAC name of H2NCH2CH2CH=CH2

MECHANISM
1)Show the mechanism of acylation of ethanamine and write the IUPAC name
of the product formed.

REASONS
1) Direct nitration of aniline is not carried out. Explain why?
2) Predict giving reason the order of basicity (i) gaseous phase (ii) in
aqueous solution (CH3)3N , (CH3)2NH , CH3NH2,NH3
3) pKb for aniline is more than methylamine
4) Methyamine solution reacts with FeCl3 solution to give ppt of Fe(OH)3
5) Primary amines have higher b.p. than tertiary amine.
6) AgCl dissolves in aq. Methylamine solution
7) Presence of a base is needed in the ammonolysis of alkyl halide.
8) Aromatic primary amines can not be prepared by Gabriel Phthalimide
synthesis.
9) Alkyl amines are stronger bases than ammonia.
10) Aliphatic amines are stronger bases than aromatic amines.
11) B.P. of methyl amine is lower than that of methanol
12) Aniline does not undergo Friedel Craft alkylation reaction
13) Although -NH2 gr. Is –o & -p directing ,nitration of aniline give –m
derivative alongwith –o & -p derivatives.
14) Ethyl amine is soluble in water whereas aniline is insoluble.
15) Amines act as nucleophiles.
16) Gabriel phthalimide synthesis is preferred for synthesizing
primary amines.

CONVERSION/WORD PROBLEM
1) How can you convert an amide into an amine having one C less than the
starting compound?
(a)Name the reaction
(b)Give IUPAC name & structure of amine obtained by the above method if
tha amide is 3-chlorbutanamide.
2) (i) Benzene diazonium chloride to nitro benzene
(ii)aniline to Benzene diazonium chloride
(iii)Ethylamide to methyl amine
(iv)Aniline to nitro benzene
(v)Ethanamine to N-ethyl ethanamide
(vi)Chloroethane to propan-1-amin
(vii) aniline to iodobenzene
3) Identify A and B (i) CH3CH2Cl (NaCN) → A (reduction Ni/H2) → B
(ii) C6H5NH2 (NaNO2/HCl) → A (C6H5NH2 , OH-) → B
4)Aniline to sulphanilic acid
5)An organic compound (A) on treatment with NH3 followed by heating forms
compound (B) which on heating with Br2 and KOH forms a compound (C)
having M.F. (C6H7N).Give the structures of A,B and C.and write the
reactions involved.

COMPLETE EQUATIONS
1) Complete & name the reaction.
(i) RNH2 + CHCl3 + 3KOH →
(ii) RCONH2+Br2+4NaOH →
2) (i) LiALH4/H2O
RCONH2 →
(iii) C6H5N2Cl + H3PO2 + H2O →
(iv) C6H5NH2 + HNO2 →
(v) C6H5N2Cl + CH3COCl →
(vi) C2H5NH2 + C6H5SO2Cl →
(vii)C2H5NH2 + HNO2 →
(viii) C6H5NH2 + CHCl3 + 3KOH →
3)Identify A and B
(i) CH3CH2Cl + NaCN  A ( redNi/H2) B
(ii)C6H5NH2 + NaNO2+HCl A ( C6H5NH2) OH-  B

QUESTION
1) Write the equation in which iodide ion replaces the diazonium gr. in
diazonium salt
2) (i) Arrange the following in an increasing order of basic strength in
water
C6H5NH2, (C2H5)2NH ,(C2H5)3N & NH3
(ii) Arrange the following in an increasing order of basic strength in
gas
Phase C2H5NH2, (C2H5)2NH ,(C2H5)3N & CH3NH2
3) Explain
(i) Presence of base is needed in the ammonolysis of alkyl halide
(ii) Aromatic primaryamines can not be prepared by
GabrielPhthalimide synthesis.
4)In the following rearrange
(i) In an increasing order of basic strength
C6H5NH2, C6H5N(CH3)2 ,(C2H5)2NH and CH3NH2
(ii)In a decreasing order of basic strength
Aniline ,p-nitroaniline and p-toluidine
(iii)In an increasing order of pKb values
C2H5NH2 ,C6H5NHCH3,(C2H5)2NH and C6H5NH2
5) Rearrange in an increasing order of their basic strength.
C6H5NH2,C6H5N(CH3)2,(C6H5)2NH and CH3NH2
6 ) Arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their
solubility in water
C6H5NH2,(C2H5)2NH and C2H5NH2

NAME REACTIONS
(i) Hofmann Bromamide reaction
(ii) Gabriel Phthalimide synthesis.
(iii) Carbylmine reaction
(iv) Diazotization
(v) Acetylation
(vi) Coupling reaction of diazonium salt
(vii) Gattermann reaction
(viii) Ammonolysis of alkyl halide
(ix) Write the name associated with the following reactions:
(c) RCONH2+Br2+4NaOHRNH2+Na2CO3+2NaBr+2H2O
(d)ArN2X- (CuCN/KCN)ArCN + N2
(e) RNH2+CHCl3+3KOH (heat)RNC+3KCl+3H2O
(f) ArN2X- (Cu/HCl) ArCl+N2+CuCl

DISTINGUISHING TEST
(i) aniline & ethyl amine
(ii) Dimethyl amine & Trimethylamine
(iii) Methylamine & dimethylamine.
(iv) aniline & N-methylaniline
(v) aniline & benzylamine
(vi) aniline and N-ethyl aniline
(vii) N-methyl propan-2-amine and N-ethyl-N-methyl ethanamine

2011 D
Q7) Arrange the following compounds in an increasing order of their solubility
in
water C6H5NH2,(C2H5)2NH,C2H5NH2.
Q26) (a) Explain why an alkyl amine is more basic than ammonia?
(c) How would you convert
(i) Aniline to nitro benzene
(ii) Aniline to iodobenzene.

2011 F
Q7) Why is an alkyl amine more basic than ammonia
Q25) Illustrate the following reactions giving a chemical equation in each
case.
(i) Gabriel phthalimide synthesis
(ii) A coupling reaction
(iii) Hoffman bromamide reaction

2010 D COMPTT
Q9) Reasons: (i) ethyl amine is soluble in water whereas aniline is insoluble.
(ii ) The pKb of aniline is higher than that of methyl amine.
(iii ) methyl amine reacts with FeCl3 solution to precipitate
hydrated
Fe2O3.
(iv ) Aliphatic amines are stronger bases than aromatic amines.
Q10) Write the chemical reaction
(i)Carbyl amine reaction
(ii) Hoffman bromamide reaction
Q17) Write the reaction.
(i) Coupling reaction
(ii) Ammonolysis
Q12) Write the reaction.
(i) Acetylation
(ii) Gabriel phthalimide synthesis

2010 AI COMPTT
Q15) Reasons: (i) The pKb of aniline is higher than that of methyl amine.
(ii)Aniline does not undergo Friedel Craft reaction
(III) Gabriel phthalimide synthesis is preferred for
synthesizing
primary amines.
Q16) Distinguishing test:
(I) Ethyl amine and aniline
(II) Methyl amine and dimethyl amine.
Q26) (i) CH3CH2Cl ( NaCN) A (red.Ni/H2)  B
(ii ) benzene diazonium chloride +H3PO2 + H2O 
(iii ) RCONH2 (LAH/H2O) 

2012 AI
Q16) describe the following giving the relevant chemical equation in each
case.
(i) Carbylamines reaction
(ii) Hofmann’s bromamide reaction
Q17) complete the following reaction equation:
(i) C6H5N2Cl + H3PO2 + H2O 
(ii) C6H5 NH2 + Br2 (aq)

2012 D
Q7 )Arrange the following in the decreasing order of their basic strength in
aqueous solutions:
CH3NH2,(CH3)2NH,(CH3)3N and NH3.
Q26) Write chemical equations for the following conversions:
(i) Nitrobezene to benzoic acid
(ii) Benzyl chloride to 2- phenylethanamine
(iii) Aniline to benzyl alcohol

2012 F
Q16) Describe the following giving the chemical equation in each case:
(i) Carbylamines reaction
(ii) Hoffmann’s bromamide reaction
Q17)Complete the following reactions equations:
(i) C6H5N2Cl + H3PO2 + H2O 
(ii) C6H5NH2 + Br2(aq) 

2013 AI
Q6) Write the structure of n-methyl ethanamine.
Q24) Complete the following reactions:
(i) CH3CH2NH2 + CHCl3 + alc.KOH 
(ii) C6H5N2 +Cl- (H2O Room Temp.) 
(iii) C6H5NH2 + HCl (aq) 
Q1)write the structure of 2-aminotoluene.
Q22) Complete the following reactions:
(i) C6H5N2 +Cl- (H3PO2 + H2O) 
(ii) C6H5NH2 + Br2(aq) 
(iii) CH3CONH2 ( NaOH + Br2) 
Q8) write the structure of prop-2-en-1-amine.
Q27) write the main products of following reactions:
(i) CH3CH2NH2 (HNO2 , 00C)
(ii) C6H5SO2Cl + C2H5NH2 
(iii) C6H5NH2 + CH3COCl (base) 

QUESTION BANK

(BIOMOLECULES)
4 MARKS
SAMPLE PAPER- 1 (OLD)
Q8) What type of linkage holds together the monomers of DNA?
Q27) An optically active compound having M.F.C 6H12O6 is found in two
isomeric forms
(A) & (B) are dissolved in water they show the following equilibrium
(A) ↔ Equilibrium Mixture ↔ (B)
1110 52.20 19.20
(i) What are such isomers called?
(ii) Can they be called enantiomers ? Justify your answer.
(iii) Draw the cyclic structure of isomer (A)
Q27)An optically active amino acid (A) can exist in 3 forms depending on the
pH of the medium.if the M.F. of (A) is C3H7NO2 write
(i) Structure of compound (A) in aqueous medium. What are such
ions called?
(ii)In which medium will the cationic form of compound (A) exist?
(ii) In alkaline medium, towards which electrode will the
compound (a) migrate in electric field?

SAMPLE PAPER- 2 (OLD)


Q12) Name the two components of starch. How do they differ from each
other structurally?
Q13)(a) What changes occur in nature of egg protein on boiling?
(a) Name the type of bonding which stabilizes α- helix structure in proteins.

SAMPLE PAPER- 3 (OLD)


Q8) Except for vit.B12, all other vitamins of group B should be supplied
regularly in diet.
Why?
Q25) Despite having a -CHO gr.
(a) Glucose does not give 2,4 –DNP test. What does this indicate?
(b)Draw the Haworth structure of α-D-(+) glucopyranose
(c) What is the significance of D & (+) here.

2008 D
Q14) Define in relation to protein(i) peptide linkage(ii) denaturation
Q15)List the reactions of glucose which can not be explained by its open
structure.

2008 AI
Q7) Write two main functions of carbohydrate in plants.
Q26) What happens when D-glucose is treated with the following
reagents(i)HI(ii)Br2 water (iii)HNO3

Q16) How are vitamins classified? Mention the chief sources of vit.A & vit. C.
Q17) Describe with example (i) Glycosidic linkage(ii)peptide linkage
Q17)Describe with reference to protein (i)Primary structure of Protein
(ii)Denaturation

2008 F
Q17)List any four vitamins. Mention the chief sources & functions of two of
them
Q7) Write two main functions of carbohydrate in plants.
Q26)What are nucleic acids? Mention two of their important functions

2008 D COMPTT
Q7) Why are carbohydrates generally optically active?
Q26) What are amino acids? On electrolysis in an acidic solution, the relevant
anions migrate towards the cathode while in alkaline solution they
migrate
towards the anode. Give reason.

Q16) What are essential & non essential amino acids? Give one example of
each
type.
Q17)Mention the type of linkages responsible for formation of (i)Primary
structure of protein(ii)cross linking of polypeptide chains(iii)α- helix
formation(iv)β – sheet structure

2008 AI COMPTT
Q11) When RNA is hydrolysed, there is no relationship among the quantity of
different bases formed. What does this fact suggest about the
structure of
RNA?
Q16) Explain the amphoteric behaviour of amino acid.
Q26) (a) Which forces are involved in holding the substrate molecule to the
active site of enzymes?(b) Name the receptor macromolecules that
are
chosen as drug targets.

2009 AI
Q16) Name the four bases present in DNA. Which one of these is not present
in
RNA?
Q17) Name two fat soluble vitamins ,their sources & the diseases caused due
to
Their deficiency in diet
2009 D
Q16) Describe with example (i) Glycosidic linkage(ii)peptide linkage
Q17 ) Name two water soluble vitamins ,their sources & the diseases caused
due
to their deficiency in diet

2009 F
Q17) What are (i) Invert sugar (ii) Poly peptide
Q18) State what are the following & how they differ from each other.
(i) Nucleotide (ii)nucleoside

2009 D COMPTT
Q8) What is the structural feature characterising reducing sugar?
Q20) (a) What is the structural difference between a nucleoside & a
nucleotide?
(b) The two strands in DNA are not identical but are complementary
.Explain.
Q26)(a)Write the important structural difference between DNA & RNA?
( b )Mention the names of bases produced on hydrolysis of DNA.
Q22) Name the chemical component which constitute nucleotide. Write any
four
functions of nucleotides in a cell

2010 AI
Q7) What is meant by reducing sugars?
Q26) Amino acids may be acidic ,alkaline , or neutral.How does this happens?
What are essential and non essential amino acids? Name one of each type.
Q6) What are mono saccharides?
Q26) Differentiate between fibrous protein and globular protein.What is
meant by denaturation of protein?
Q8) What are the products of hydrolysis of sucrose?

2010 D
Q17)Explain the following:
(i) Invert sugar (ii) poly peptides
Q17) Name the products of hydrolysis of sucrose.Why is sucrose not a
reducing sugar?
Q18) What are essential and non essential amino acids in human food? Give
one
example of each type.
Q18) State clearly what are known as nucleosides and nucleotides?

2010 F
Q8) What happens when glucose is treated with Br2 water?
Q25) Explain the following:
(i) Invert sugar (ii) poly peptides (iii) Denaturation of protein
Q25) Mention three such facts/ reactions about glucose which can not be
explained by its open chain structure .What is meant by pyranose structure
of glucose?

NEW SAMPLE PAPER I


Q25) (a) Give one reaction of D-glucose which can not be explained by its
open chain
structure.
(b) Give one example of each for essential and non essential amino acids.
( c) Differentiate between keratin and insulin.
NEW SAMPLE PAPER II
Q5) What type of linkage holds together the monomers of DNA?
Q21) (a) Write the zwitter ion structure of glycine.
(b) What is meant by inversion of sugar
( c ) Name the vitamin in each case whose deficiency causes (i)
Nightblindness
(ii) Poor coagulation of blood

NEW SAMPLE PAPER III


Q8) What are the ultimate products of digestion of protein ?
Q21) (a) Give reasons: (i) glucose does not give 2,4-DNP test and Sciff’s test
(ii) Amino acids have high m.p. and are soluble in water.
(b)What is meant by the secondary structure of protein.

2011 AI
Q17) Explain what is meant by the following:
(i) Peptide linkage
(ii) Pyranose structure of glucose
Q18) Write the main structural difference between DNA and RNA.Of the four
bases ,name those which are common to both DNA and RNA.
Q18) Write such facts/ reactions about glucose which can not be explained by
its open
chain structure .

2011D
Q16) What is essentially the difference between alpha form and beta form of
Glucose?
Q17) Describe what do you understand by primary and secondary structure
of
protein.

2011 F
Q16) Explain what is meant by
(i) Peptide linkage
(ii) Pyranose structure of glucose.
Q17)Name the products of hydrolysis of (i) sucrose (ii) lactose
Q17) Mention three such properties of glucose which can not be explained
by its
open chain structure.

2010 D COMPTT
Q8)What is the structural feature characterizing reducing sugar?
Q20) (a) What is the structural difference between a nucleoside and
nucleotide?
(b ) The two strands in DNA arenot identical but are complementary.
Explain.
Q1) What are the expected products of hydrolysis of lactose?
Q26) (a) Write the important structural difference between DNA and RNA.
(b ) Mention the names of bases produced on hydrolysis of DNA.
Q6) Give an example of the following
(a) Reducing sugar
(b)Non reducing sugar
Q22) Name the chemical components which constitute nucleotides. Write any
four functions of nucleotides in a cell.

2010 AI COMPTT
Q17) What are vitamins? Deficiency of which vitamin causes
(i) pernicious anaemia (ii) convulsions
Q18) Enumerate the reactions of D-glucose which can not be explained by its
open chain structure.
Q9)What happens when D-glucose is treated with the following:
(i) HI (ii) Bromine water.
Q15) What are the products of hydrolysis of the following
(i) Lactose
(ii) A nucleotide from DNA containing thymine.
2012AI
Q7) write the structure of the product obtained when glucose is oxidized with
nitric acid.
Q26) what is essentially the difference between ∞ - glucose and ß-glucose?
what
is meant by pyranose structure of glucose?
Q7) write a reaction which shows that all the carbon atoms in glucose are
linked
in a straight chain.
Q26)define the following as related to proteins:
(i) Peptide linkage
(ii) Primary structure
(iii) Denaturation.

2012 D
Q16) What is meant by
(i) Peptide linkage
(ii) Biocatalyst
Q17) Write any two reactions of glucose which can not be explained by the
open
chain structure of glucose molecule.
Q18) Write the main structural difference between DNA and RNA. Of the two
bases, thymine and uracil,which one is preset in DNA?

2012 F
Q7) Write the full forms of DNA and RNA.
Q26) What is glycogen? How is it different from starch? How is starch
structurally different from cellulose?
Q8) Of the two bases named below,which one is present in RNA and which
one
is present in DNA
(i) Thymine
(ii) Uracil
Q26) Explain the meaning of the following terms:
(i) Invert sugar
(ii) Polypeptides
(iii) Enzymes
Q26) Write three such behavior of glucose which can not be explained by the
open chain structure of glucose molecule. What alternative structure
has
been proposed for the glucose molecule?

2013 AI
Q7) what are the products of hydrolysis of sucrose?
27) Shanti, a domestic helper of Mrs. Anuradha, fainted while mopping the
floor.mrs. Anuradha immediately took her to a nearby hospital where she was
diagnosed to be severely anaemic.The doctor prescribed an iron rich diet and
multivitamins supplement to her. Mrs.Anuradha supported her financially to
get the medicines. After a month, Shanti was diagnosed to be normal.
After reading the above passage,answer the following questions:
(i) What values are displayed by Mrs.Anuradha?
(ii) Name the vitamin whose deficiency causes pernicious anaemia.
(iii) Give an example of water soluble vitamin.
Q7) write the name of linkage joining two amino acids.
Q5) what are the products of hydrolysis of lactose?

Question Bank

(Polymers)

3 marks

SamplePaper – I (Old)
Q5) Name the monomers of Nylon-2-Nylon-6 polymer
Q17) Differentiate the following pair of polymers based on the property
mentioned against each.
a) Novolac & Bakelite (structure)
b) Buna-S & Terylene (intermolecular force of attraction)

SamplePaper – II (Old)
Q20) Write the names of monomers & classify them as addition or
condensation
polymers.
(a) Teflon (b) Bakelite (c) Natural rubber

SamplePaper – III (Old)


Q26) (a)What is the role of Benzoyl peroxide in the polymerization of ethane?
(b)What are LDPE & HDPE? How are they prepared?

2008 – D
Q27)Write the names & structures of the monomers of given polymers.
(a) Buna-S (b) Neoprene (c) Nylon-6

2008 – AI
Q8) Define polymerization.
Q18) What are thermosetting & thermoplastic polymers? Give one example
of
each
Q18) Distinguish between homopolymer & copolymer & give an example of
each
class.

2008 – F
Q8) What is the repeating structural unit in polythene polymer?

2008 – comptt D
Q27) (b)Is –(CH2CHC6H5)n-- a homopymer or copolymer? Why?
Q8) What is the difference two notations Nylon-6 & Nylon-6,6 ?
Q18) What is step growth polymerization? Explain the steps involved in the
process.
Q18)What is the difference between elastomers & fibres ? Give one example
of
each.
2009 – AI
Q8) What does 6,6 indicate in the name Nylon -6,6 ?
Q18) Differentiate between molecular structure & behaviour of thermoplastic
&
thermosetting polymers.Give one example of each type.
Q8) What is the primary structural feature necessary for a molecule to make
it
useful in condensation polymerization reaction?
Q17) Differentite between condensation and addition polymerization.Give
one
example of each of the resulting polymers.

2009 – D
Q7) Give an example of elastomers.
Q18) Draw monomers of Teflon & polythene.
Q18) What is the repeating unit in the condensation polymer obtained by
combing HOOC-CH2-CH2-COOH (succinic acid) & H2N-CH2-CH2-NH2
(ethylene diamine)

2009 – F
Q27) Differentite between mode of formation of condensation &addition
polymerization.Give one example of each of these formation.
Q27) Draw molecular structure of monomers of (i) PVC (ii) Teflon(iii)
Neoprene

2009 – D(COMPTT)
Q21) What are biodegradable polymers? Give an example of such polymer &
mention its uses

2010 - AI
Q8) What does the designation 6,6 mean in the name of nylon – 6,6?
Q18) Draw molecular structure of monomers of (i) PVC (ii) Teflon

2010 - AI
Q8) What is meant by coplymerisation?
Q18) Draw molecular structure of monomers of (i) Bakelite (ii) Nylon -6

2010 – D
Q26) Give one example of each (i) Addition polymers (ii) Condensation
polymers
(iii) Copolymers
Q25) Write the name and structure of monomers of each polymer
(i) Neoprene (ii) Buna-S (iii) Teflon
Q26) Differentiate between thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers .Give
example of each

2010 – F
Q26) Identify the four groups into which the polymers are classified on the
basis
of the magnitude of intermolecular forces present in them.To which
group
or groups do polythene and Bakelite belong?
Q27) Write the name and structure of monomers of each polymer
(i) Polyvinyl chloride (ii)Bakelite (iii) Teflon
Sample Paper - I-(New)
Q25) (a)Identify aliphatic biodegradable polyester which is used in packaging
and orthopedic devices.
(i) Write its full form
(ii)Give the structures of monomers from which it is formed.
(iii) Show the formation of polymer
(b) Write the name and structure of monomer of nylon-6

Sample Paper - II-(New)


Q20)(a)Write a reaction involved in the preparation of a biodegradable
polyester.
(b) Monomer unit of synthetic rubber (neoprene)
( c )One use of Nylon-6,6

Sample Paper - III-(New)


Q22) (a)Give an example of synthetic rubber and mention its one example.
( b) Write the structures of monomers of Dacron
( c ) Arrange the following in increasing order of their tensile strength.
Nylon 6 ,Buna-S ,Polythene

A I-2011
Q26)Draw the structures of monomers of (i) Polythene(ii) PVC(iii)Teflon
Q26) Write the name and structures of the following polymers:
(i) Buna-S (ii)Dacron (iii) Neoprene

2011 D
Q8) What are biodegradable polymers?
Q18) Mention two important uses of each
(i) Bakelite
(ii) Nylon – 6
Q8) In nylon 6,6 what does the designation 6,6 mean?
Q18) Name the subgroups into which polymers are classifiedon the basis of
magnitude of intermolecular forces.

2011 F
Q27) Mention two important uses of each
(i) Bakelite
(ii) Nylon-6,6
(iii) PVC
Q27) (a)What does the designation 6,6 mean in Nylon 6,6 polymer?
(b ) Which polymer is obtained when free radical polymerization of
chloroprene occurs? Write the structure of polymer thus obtained.
Q27) What are addition polymers? How are the two types of addition
polymers
different from each other? Give one example of each type.

2010 D COMPTT
Q21) What are biodegradable polymers? Give an example of such a polymer
and
mention its uses.

2010 AI COMPTT
Q26) Write the (i) structure and (ii) one use of each of the following polymers
(a) PVC
(b)Urea-formaldehyde resin
(c) Bakelite
2012AI
Q27) differentiate between thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers. Give
one
example of each type.
Q27) Explain the following terms giving example for each:
(i) Elastomers
(ii) Condensation polymers
(iii) addition polymers

2012 D
Q8) Define the term, ‘homopolymerisation’ giving an example.
Q18) Draw the structure of monomers for each of the following polymers:
(i) Nylon-6
(ii) Polypropene.

2012 F
Q18) Draw the structure of monomers for each of the following polymers:
(i) Nylon-6
(ii) Teflon
(iii) Neoprene

2013 AI
Q8) Is (-CH2-CH)-n a homopolymer or a copolymer?
I
Cl
Q18) Define thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers. Give one example of
each.
Q18) What is a biodegradable polymer? Give an example of a biodegradable
aliphatic polyester.
Q8) Give one example of a condensation polymer.
Q6) Is (-CH2-CH)-n a homopolymer or a copolymer?
I
C6H5

Question Bank

(Chemistry in Everyday life)

3 marks

SamplePaper – I (Old)
Q6) Give one example of artificial sweetener used by diabetic patients.
Q18) In order to wash clothes with water containing dissolved calcium
bicarbonate, which cleaning agent will you prefer & why, soap or
synthetic
detergent? Give one advantage of soap over synthetic detergent.

SamplePaper – II (Old)
Q27) Reasons:
a)Aspirin drug helps in prevention of heart attack.
b) Diabetic patients are advised to take artificial sweetener instead of
natural
sweeteners.
c) Detergents are non biodegradable while soaps are biodegradable
SamplePaper – III (Old)
Q27) Classify synthetic detergents giving an example in each case.
Q27) What are antihistamine? Give two examples. Explain how they act on
the
human body.

2008 - D
Q8) Name a substance that can be used as an antiseptic as well as
disinfectant
Q18) What are biodegradable & non biodegradable detergents? Give one
example of each class.

2008 – AI
Q27) Mention one use of each:
a) Ranitidine b) Paracetamol c) Tincture of iodine

2008 – F
Q27) a) What is the problem with hard water for washing with soap?
a) Explain (i) Broad spectrum antibiotics (ii) non ionic detergents

2008 –D –COMPTT
Q8) What is meant by Broad Spectrum Antibiotics?
Q18) Discuss the two ways in which drug prevent attachment of natural
substrate on active site of enzyme.
Q18) Explain with example:
a) cationic detergent b) Tranqulizers

2008 –AI –COMPTT


Q27) (a) What are antihistamine? Give two examples. Explain how they act
on the
human body.Give an example.
(b)Name a substance that can be used as an antiseptic as well as
disinfectant
2008 –AI –COMPTT
Q19) What are antibiotics? Distinguish between narrow spectrum & broad
spectrum antibiotics.Classify the following into Bactericidal&
Bacteriostatic
antibiotics
Tetracycline , Penicillin.

2009- AI
Q27) Explain with example: a) Food preservatives b) Disinfectants c)
Non
ionic detergent
Q27) Explain with example : a) Enzymes b) Sweetening agents c)
cationic
detergent.

2009 – D
Q27) Explain with example: Analgesic ,Disinfectants, Antacid, Antiseptic.
Q27) How do antiseptics differ from disinfectants ? Give one example of each

2009 –F
Q1)Write the name of an antacid which is often used as a medicine.
Q18) Reasons:
(i) Soap do not do the cleansing in hard water.
(ii) Synthetic detergents are preferred to soap in washing
machine.
Q8) What is meant by Broad Spectrum Antibiotics?
Q17) Explain with example: a) Food preservatives b) cationic detergent

2009 – D-COMPTT
Q22) What are anionic detergents ?How are they prepared ?Write their two
uses.
Q24) What are artificial sweetening agents ?Give two examples .Name the
sweetening agents used in the preparation of sweets for diabetic
patient.
Q20)(a) Define the term chemotherapy.
(b)While antacid & antiallergic drugs interfere with the function of
histamine ,why do these not interfere with the function of each
other.

2010- AI (I)
Q27)Explain the following with one example :
(i) Food Preservation (ii) Enzymes (iii) Detergents

2010 – AI (II)
Q27) What are analgesic drugs?How are they classified and when are they
usually recommended for use?

2010 – AI (III)
Q27)Explain the following with one example :
(i) Antibiotics (ii) Antiseptics (iii) Analgesic

2010 –D
Q27) What are analgesic medicines?How are they classified and when are
they
commonly recommended for use?
Q27) Explain with one suitable example
(i) Cationic detergent
(ii) Enzymes
(iii) Anti fertility drugs

2010 –F
Q27) How do antiseptics differ from disinfectants? Name a substance that
can
be used as an antiseptic as well as disinfectant
Q26) What are biodegradable and non biodegradable detergents? Give one
example of each. Is there any structural difference between the two

Sample Paper - I-(New)


Q26) (a) Justify the following:
(i) Sleeping pills are recommended to patients suffering from
sleeplessness but it is not advisable to take them without
consulting the doctor.
(ii) Why do we require artificial sweetening agents?
(b)Write the composition of Dettol.

Sample Paper -II-(New)


Q(25) (a)Name a substance which can act as both(i) analgesic and
antipyretics (ii) antiseptic and disinfectant
(d)Explain the following with suitable example:
(i) Broad spectrum antibiotics
(ii) Anionic detergents

Sample Paper -III -(New)


Q(23) Give one example of each
(g)An artificial sweetener whose use is limited to cold drink
(h)A non ionic detergent
(i) A pain reliever used for relief from severe pain like postoperative
or pain due to terminal cancer.

2011 AI
Q27) What are the following substances?Give one example of each.
(i) Food preservatives
(ii) Synthetic detergents
(iii) Antacid
Q27)(a) Differentiate between a disinfectant and an antiseptic. Give one
example
of each.
(c) What is tincture of iodine and what is it used for?

2011 D
Q27) Describe the following giving one example for each.
(I ) detergent (ii) food preservative (iii) antacid
Q27) Explain the following with suitable example.
(I ) sweetening agent for diabetic patients
(ii ) enzymes
(iii ) analgesics
Q27) (I ) Why do soap not work in hard water?
(ii ) What are the main constituents of dettol?
(iii )How do antiseptics differ from disinfectant?

2011 F
Q8) What is meant by a Broad spectrum antibiotics?
Q18) Give reasons:
(a) Soap do not work well in hard water.
(b)Synthetic detergents are better than soap.
Q8) What are antiseptics? Give one example.
Q18) Explain with example.
(a) Antacid
(b) Sweetening agent.

2010 D comptt.
Q22) What are anionic detergents? How are they prepared? Write their two
main
uses.
Q24) What are artificial sweetening agents? Give two examples. Name the
sweetening agent used in the preparation of sweets for a diabetic
patients.
Q20) (a) define the term chemotherapy.
(b ) While antacid and antiallergic drugs interfere with the function of
histamines,why do these not interfere with the function of each other?

2010 AI COMPTT.
Q27) Explain the following terms with suitable examples.
(d)Cationic detergent
(e) Broad spectrum antibiotics
(f) Tranquilizer
Q19) Explain the following terms:
(j) Anionic detergent
(k) Chemotherapy
(l) Analgesics
Q26) Explain the following terms with one suitable example.
(i) Non ionic detergent
(j) Antiseptic
(k) Antibiotic

2012AI
Q8) Differentiate between disinfectants and antiseptics.
Q18) what are food preservatives?Name two such substances.
Q17) explain the cleansing action of soap.why do soap not work in hard
water?
Q8) what is the cause of a feeling of depression in human beings?Name a
drug
which can be useful in treating this depression.
Q18) differentiate between disinfectants and antiseptics. give example of
each
group.

2012 D
Q27)What are the following substances? Give one example of each one of
them.
(i) Tranqilizers
(ii) Food preservatives
(iii) Synthetic detergent
Q27) Explain the following terms giving one example of each type:
(i) antacid
(ii) disinfectants
(iii) enzymes
2012 F
Q8) What is meant by ‘narrow spectrum antibiotics’ ?
Q18) State a reason for each of the following statements:
(i) soap does not work in hard water.
(ii) The use of the sweetner aspartame is limited to cold foods
and drinks
Q18) What are biodegradable and non biodegradable detergents? Give one
example of each.

2013 AI
Q25) (i) What class of drug is Ranitidine?
(ii ) If water contains dissolved Ca2+ ions, out of soaps and synthetic
detergents,which will you use for cleaning clothes?
(iii ) Which of the following is an antiseptic?
0.2 % phenol , 1% phenol

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