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# LIGHT STRUCTURE LABORATORY

LABORATORY WORKSHEET

## SPAN DEFLECTION (DOUBLE INTEGRATION

Title METHOD)
Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental
Page 1
Engineering
Department : Structure And Material Engineering Edition
Checking No
Title : Span Deflection (Double Intergration Effective Date
Method) Amendment Date

1.0 OBJECTIVE

## To determine the relationship between span and deflection.

2.0 INTRODUCTION

A beam must posses sufficient stiffness so that excessive deflections do not have an adverse
effect on adjacent structural members. In many cases, maximum allowable deflections are
specified by Code of Practice in terms of the dimensions of the beam, particularly the span.
Then actual deflections of a beam must be limited to the elastic range of the beam, otherwise
permanent distortion result. Thus in determining the deflections of beam under load, elastic
theory is used. In this experiment double integration method is used to give the complete
deflected shape of the beam.

3.0 THEORY

X X

L/2- X P
X

A B

L/2 L/2

## Beam with point load at mid span

Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental
Page 2
Engineering
Department : Structure And Material Engineering Edition
Checking No
Title : Effective Date
Span Deflection (Double Intergration Method) Amendment Date

M X- X = EI d²y = P L
dx² 2 2

dx 4 4

## y X-X = EIy = PLX² - PX³ + Ax + B

8 12

When x= 0 ; dy = 0 A=0

32 96

B = - PLX³
48

48 EI

16 EI

## Where E can be obtained from the backboard

I =bd³
2 d

b
Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental
Page 3
Engineering
Department : Structure And Material Engineering Edition
Checking No
Title : Effective Date
Span Deflection (Double Intergration Method)
Amendment Date

4.0 APPARATUS

1.0 Specimen beam ( your group may choose one of the following: Aluminum, Brass or
steel)
2.0 Digital Dial Test Indicator
3.0 Hanger and Masses.

5.0 PROSEDUR

1.0 Positioned the moveable knife-edge support so that they are 500 apart.
2.0 Place the chosen beam on the support.
3.0 Place the hanger and the digital dial test indicator at the mid span. Zeroed the digital
4.0 Apply an incremental load and record the deflection for each increment in table
below.
5.0 Repeat the above using span of 400mm and 300mm

6.0 RESULT

## No. Mass* (N) Deflection Theoretical % Different

(experimental) Ymax
1
2
3
4
5

##  Use any from 100g to 500g

Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental
Page 4
Engineering
Department : Structure And Material Engineering Edition
Checking No
Title : Title : Effective Date
Span Deflection (Double Intergration Method) Amendment Date

## No. Mass* (N) Deflection Theoretical % Different

(experimental) Ymax
1
2
3
4
5

## No. Mass* (N) Deflection Theoretical % Different

(experimental) Ymax
1
2
3
4
5

## 6.0 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

1.0 Comment on the different between the theoretical and experimental result.
2.0 Calculate the deflection when X= L/3(experiment 1, no 3) check the result by placing
the digital dial at this position.
3.0 Calculate Vmax in experiment 2 no .2.