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LIGHT STRUCTURE LABORATORY

LABORATORY WORKSHEET

Course Code BFC 21201

Department Structure And Material Engineering

SPAN DEFLECTION (DOUBLE INTEGRATION


Title METHOD)
Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental
Page 1
Engineering
Department : Structure And Material Engineering Edition
Checking No
Title : Span Deflection (Double Intergration Effective Date
Method) Amendment Date

1.0 OBJECTIVE

To determine the relationship between span and deflection.

2.0 INTRODUCTION

A beam must posses sufficient stiffness so that excessive deflections do not have an adverse
effect on adjacent structural members. In many cases, maximum allowable deflections are
specified by Code of Practice in terms of the dimensions of the beam, particularly the span.
Then actual deflections of a beam must be limited to the elastic range of the beam, otherwise
permanent distortion result. Thus in determining the deflections of beam under load, elastic
theory is used. In this experiment double integration method is used to give the complete
deflected shape of the beam.

3.0 THEORY

X X

L/2- X P
X

A B

L/2 L/2

Beam with point load at mid span


Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental
Page 2
Engineering
Department : Structure And Material Engineering Edition
Checking No
Title : Effective Date
Span Deflection (Double Intergration Method) Amendment Date

M X- X = EI d²y = P L
dx² 2 2

V X-X = EI dy = PLX - PX² + A


dx 4 4

y X-X = EIy = PLX² - PX³ + Ax + B


8 12

When x= 0 ; dy = 0 A=0

When x= L/2 ; Y=0 ; 0 = PL³ - PL³ + B


32 96

B = - PLX³
48

When x= L/2 ; YMAX=0 ; 0 = -PL³ (Mid Span ; c)


48 EI

x= L/2 ; vMAX=0 ; 0 = -PL² ( at support)


16 EI

Where E can be obtained from the backboard

I =bd³
2 d

b
Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental
Page 3
Engineering
Department : Structure And Material Engineering Edition
Checking No
Title : Effective Date
Span Deflection (Double Intergration Method)
Amendment Date

4.0 APPARATUS

1.0 Specimen beam ( your group may choose one of the following: Aluminum, Brass or
steel)
2.0 Digital Dial Test Indicator
3.0 Hanger and Masses.

5.0 PROSEDUR

1.0 Positioned the moveable knife-edge support so that they are 500 apart.
2.0 Place the chosen beam on the support.
3.0 Place the hanger and the digital dial test indicator at the mid span. Zeroed the digital
reading.
4.0 Apply an incremental load and record the deflection for each increment in table
below.
5.0 Repeat the above using span of 400mm and 300mm

6.0 RESULT

Experiment 1 : Span = 500mm

No. Mass* (N) Deflection Theoretical % Different


(experimental) Ymax
1
2
3
4
5

 Use any from 100g to 500g


Faculty : Faculty of Civil and Environmental
Page 4
Engineering
Department : Structure And Material Engineering Edition
Checking No
Title : Title : Effective Date
Span Deflection (Double Intergration Method) Amendment Date

Experiment 2 : Span = 400mm

No. Mass* (N) Deflection Theoretical % Different


(experimental) Ymax
1
2
3
4
5

 Use any from 100g to 500g


Experiment 3 : Span = 300mm

No. Mass* (N) Deflection Theoretical % Different


(experimental) Ymax
1
2
3
4
5

 Use any from 100g to 500g

6.0 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

1.0 Comment on the different between the theoretical and experimental result.
2.0 Calculate the deflection when X= L/3(experiment 1, no 3) check the result by placing
the digital dial at this position.
3.0 Calculate Vmax in experiment 2 no .2.