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# ME0014 : DYNAMICS OF MACHINERY

Prerequisites:

machines.

UNIT 1 (6Hrs)

## GYROSCOPE: Principles of gyroscopic action , precession , gyroscopic couple,

effect of gyroscopic couple on ships, aero plane and vehicles etc.

UNIT 2 (6Hrs)

## BALANCING: Balancing of rotating masses in one and several planes, balancing

of reciprocating masses in single and multi cylinder engines—inclined, radial and
Vee type. Primary and secondary balancing analysis. Concept of direct and reverse
cranks. Static and dynamic balancing machines.

UNIT 3 (8Hrs)

## FREE VIBRATION: Introduction to vibration --- elements of a vibratory system,

S.H.M., degrees of freedom and modeling of a system, Concept of linear and non-
linear systems, equivalent spring, damper and inertia for linear and torsional
systems.

Single degree of freedom system --- Undamped free vibration, natural frequency,
initial conditions, damped free vibrations , over damped , critically damped and
under damped vibrations, logarithmic decrement , viscous damping and dry
friction / Coulombs damping.

UNIT 4 (8Hrs)

## FORCED DAMPED VIBRATION: Single degree of freedom system, rectilinear

and torsional forced vibrations --- harmonic excitation, excitation due to
reciprocating and rotating unbalance, magnification factor, resonance, phase angle,
base excitation, force and motion transmissibility, vibration isolation.
UNIT 5 (8Hrs)

## TWO DEGREES OF FREEDOM SYSTEM FREE VIBRATIONS: Introduction,

Formulation of equations, elastic and inertial couplings, stiffness and mass matrix,
characteristics matrix and determinant, natural frequencies and mode shapes,
orthogonality of mode shapes, principal coordinates, two and three rotor system.

UNIT 6 (6Hrs)

## VIBRATION MEASUREMENTS – Measurement of displacement, velocity,

acceleration, frequency and damping. Different types of pick-ups, exciters,
vibration meter, periodic motion and Fourier analysis, FFT Spectrum Analyzer,
Introduction to vibration monitoring of machines.

## CRITICAL SPEED: whirling of horizontal and vertical shafts carrying single

rotor. Damped and undamped systems.

Text Books
1 Shigley J. E. and Uicker J. J. . “ Theory of Machines and Mechanisms“
International Edition , McGraw Hill Inc
2 Grover G. K. “Mechanical Vibrations “ , Nem Chand and Bros.

Reference Books:

## 1 Rao S. S. “Mechanical Vibrations “ , Addison Wiley Publishing Co. , World

Student Series.
2 Seto W. W. “Mechanical Vibrations “ Schaum Publishing Co. , New York.
3 Hannah and Stephans, “ Mechanics of Machines “ ,Edward Aronold
Publication.
4 A. Gosh & Malik , “Theory of Mechanism and Machines” ,East – West Pvt
Ltd.
5 Meirovitch, “Elements of Mechanical Vibrations”, Tata McGraw Hill
6 Beven T. “ Theory of Machines “
7 Jagdishlal, . “ Theory of Machines “

Prerequisites:

Objectives:
The foundation for the application of computers in the product development
process is development of models using Computer Aided Design. Information
from these models forms the basis for Design & Analysis, Planning & Organising
Manufacturing Activity and the Control of Machines which Manufactures the
Product. Units 1,2,3 will introduce concepts in Computer Aided Design &
Analysis & Units 4,5,6 will introduce concepts in Planning & Organising
Manufacturing Activity and the Control of Machines.

## Unit 1 : Computer Graphics: ` ( 6 Hrs )

Introduction to Basic Transformations - Translation, Rotation, Scaling,
Reflection, Homogenous Coordinate system , Concatenated Transformation,
Mapping of Geometric Models, Inverse Transformations.
Projections - Orthographic, Isometric, Oblique, Perspective.

## Unit 2 : Geometric Modelling ( 7 Hrs )

Curves:-Introduction to Parametric representation of curves & its advantages
Analytic Curves- Line, Circle, Parabolas, Hyperbolas, Ellipses, Conics.
Synthetic Curves- Hermite Cubic Spline, Bezier Curve, B-Spline Curve.
Surfaces:-Introduction to Parametric representation of Surfaces
Analytic Surfaces-Plane, Ruled, Tabulated, Revolved surfaces
Synthetic Surfaces- Bezier Surface, B-Spline Surface
Solids: Introduction to different volume modelling techniques - Constructive
Solid Geometry ,Boundary Representation, Pure Primitive instancing, Spatial
Occupancy Enumeration, Feature Based Modelling.

## Unit 3 : Finite Element Analysis ( 7 Hrs )

Introduction to Finite Element Modelling, Coordinate and Shape function,
Potential Energy Approach, Galerkin’s Approach, Assembly of Global
Stiffness Matrix & Load Vector, Properties of Stiffness Matrix , Finite Element
Equations
One dimensional Finite Element Analysis: Linear bar element, Quadratic bar
element, frame element. Development of Finite Element Models of discrete
systems like Linear elastic spring, Torsion of Circular Shaft, Fluid flow
through pipe, One dimensional conduction with convection.

## Two dimensional Finite Element Analysis: Three noded triangular element,

four noded quadrilateral element. Development of Finite Element Models for
plane stress, plain strain, Axisymmetric stress analysis applications.

## Unit 4 : Computer Aided Process Planning ( 6 Hrs )

The Planning Function, Retrieval & Generative Process planning System, Benefits
of CAPP.

## Inventory Management, Material requirement Planning, Basic MRP concept,

Inputs to MRP, How MRP Works, MRP Output Reports, benefit of MRP
Introduction to MRPII

## Unit 5 : Computer Aided Manufacturing ( 8 Hrs )

The Basic components of NC System, Machine Axes & Coordinate system,
Positioning
System, NC Motion Control System, Point-to-Point and Continuous Path
Machining,
The NC Procedure, Machine Zero, Job Zero, Manual part Programming (G & M
code), The APT Language.

## Unit 6 : Computer Aided Quality Control & Inspection ( 6 Hrs )

Introduction, Terminology in QC, The Computer in QC, Contact & No contact
Inspection Method ,Computer Aided Testing ,Integration of CAQC with

Rapid Prototyping

## Overview of Rapid Prototyping, the Basic Process (RP Sequence), Rapid

Prototyping Techniques , Applications of Rapid Prototyping , Benefits of RP
Text Books
1. Ibrahim Zeid – ‘CAD/CAM - theory and practice’ Tata McGraw Hill
Publishing Co.
2. Ibrahim Zeid – ‘Mastering CAD/CAM ’ Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.

Reference Books
1. Chandrupatla T.R. and Belegunda A.D. – ‘Introduction to finite elements in
engineering’ – Prentice Hall of India.
2. Segerling L.J. – ‘Applied finite elements analysis’ John Wiley and Sons.
3. Rao P.N., Introduction to CAD/CAM Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.
4. Groover M.P.- ‘Automation, production systems and computer integrated
manufacturing’ – Prentice Hall of India
5. Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics – D F Roger , J Adams ,
McGraw Hill Co. Ltd. New York.
ME0054: ENERGY CONSERVATION AND
MANAGEMENT
Prerequisites :

Objectives:

## 1). Compressed Air System:

Types of air compressors, compressor efficiency, efficient compressor operation,
Compressed air system components, capacity assessment, leakage test, factors affecting
the performance and savings opportunities.

## 2) Diesel Generating System:

Factors affecting selection, Installation and Operation, energy performance and
assessment of DG systems, diesel conservation avenues.

## 3) HVAC and Refrigeration System:

Introduction, Performance Terms and Definitions, Methodology for assessment

## 4) Vapor Absorption Refrigeration System: Working Principle, Types and

Comparison with Vapor Compression cycle , Saving Potential

## 5) Cooling Tower: Types and Performance evaluation, Efficient system operation,

Flow control strategies and energy saving opportunities, Assessment of
Cooling Towers

6) Heat Exchangers:
Introduction, Types, Performance Terms and definitions, Methodology for Assessment

## Experiments (Any Three)

1. Performance assessment of Compressed Air System
2. Performance analysis of DG Set./ High Capacity Diesel Engine.
3. Performance evaluation Refrigeration / HVAC System
4. Performance evaluation of any one type of Heat Exchanger

References
1. Energy Performance assessment for equipment and Utility Systems.-Vol. 2,3.4 BEE
Govt. of India.
2. Handbook on Energy Audit and Environment Management, Abbi Y.A, Jain, Shashank
TERI Press New Delhi,2006
3. Energy Management Handbook, Wayne C Turner, The Fairmont Press Inc.
8. Reciprocating Compressors Operation and Maintenance, Heinz P Bloch & John J
Hoefner, Gulf Publishing Company.
9. Fan Handbook, Frank P Bleier, McGraw Hill.
10. Principles and Performance in Diesel Engineering, Sam Haddad and Neil Watson,
Elliss Harward Series Engineering Science.
ME1014 : AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

Prerequisites:

## Objectives: 1) To clarify the working of various Automobile systems

2) To learn common troubleshooting techniques & maintenance
skills

Unit I (6 Hrs)
Basic Concepts and Clutches
Vehicle specifications, classification, layout, applications, purpose of clutch,
classification, single plate clutch, multiple plate clutch, centrifugal clutch, cone
clutch, diaphragm spring clutch, vacuum operated clutch, clutch plate, lining
material

Unit II (8 Hrs)
Gearbox
Function, various resistances, tractive effort, performance curves, power required
for acceleration and gradiability, selection of gear ratio, sliding mesh, gear box,
constant mesh gear box and synchromesh gearbox, epycyclic gear box, torque
convertor, automatic transmission, overdrive.

## Unit III (8 Hrs)

Suspension Systems
Object, various types of springs, shock absorbers, sprung weight and unsprung
weight, conventional suspension system, independent suspension systems, air
suspension, hydra-gas suspension, rubber suspension, interconnected suspension,
self leveling suspension.

Unit IV (8 Hrs)
Front Axle, Steering System and Tyres
Purpose, requirement, wheel alignment and wheel balancing, centre point steeing,
cornering force slip angle, scrub radius, steering characteristic,steering gearboxes,
power steering.
Tyres – function, construction, types of tyres, tubeless tyres.
Unit V (6 Hrs)
Propeller Shaft, Universal joints, Differential and Rear Axle
Propeller shaft, universal joints, final drive, differential and their types, rear axle
arrangements, two speed rear axle, single, double and triple reduction rear axles

Unit VI (6 Hrs)
Braking Systems and Automotive Electricals
Purpose, classification, mechanical, hydraulic, air brakes, servo-braking systems,
antiskid braking systems.
Battery, ignition system, starting system, charging system, dashboard instruments.
Preventive maintenance, trouble shooting and diagnosis for all systems mentioned
in from unit 1 to 6.

Text Books:

## 1. Crouse W.H., ‘Automotive Mechanics’, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing

Company.
2. Joseph Heitner, ‘Automotive Mechanics’, C.B.S.Publisher and Distributors.
3 Narang G.B.S., ‘Automobile Engineering’, S.Chand and Company Ltd

Reference books :

1 Newton, Steeds & Garrett, ‘Motor vehicle’, ‘The English language book
society
2 Singh Kripal, ‘Automobile Engineering’, Vol.II., New Chand Jain.
3. A.W.Judge, ‘Automotive systems’, Volume 1 to 8.
4. Harbans Singh Reyat, ‘The Automobile’
5. A Book of Car.
ME1034: KINEMATIC ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS

Prerequisites:

Objectives:

UNIT 1
1) Review of Introduction to Mechanisms & Basic Concepts : Geometry of
motion, plane and space mechanisms, terminology, definitions and
assumptions. , planar and spatial mechanisms, kinematic pairs, Relative motion,
degree of freedom for spatial mechanisms, kinematic inversions, mechanical
advantage, transmission angle. equivalent mechanisms. Examples of various
types of linkages and mechanisms in actual systems.

UNIT 2
2) Kinematic Analysis of Planar Mechanisms : Position and displacement
analysis - position of a point, graphical and complex- algebra method for
displacement. Rotational and translation displacement. Velocity analysis - relative
motion, linear and angular velocity, (Brief review). Freudenstein’s theorem,
velocity analysis and acceleration analysis - using normal acceleration, auxiliary
point method, Goodman’s indirect method (Only descriptive treatment).
Computer-aided kinematic analysis. Features and Use of Mechanism simulation
and analysis software packages like Working Model, ADAMS, or any similar
mechanism modelling software.

UNIT 3
3) Curvature theory : Fixed and moving centrodes, oscullating circles, -
velocity and acceleration, inflection points and inflection circle. Euler - Savary
equation, Bobillier’s theorem, Hartman’s construction, return circle, cusp points,
cubic of stationary curvature, Ball’s point. Applications in dwell mechanism.

UNIT 4
4) Kinematic Synthesis of planar mechanisms : Type, number and
dimensional synthesis, function generation, path generation and rigid body
guidance problems, accuracy (precision) points, Chebychev spacing, types of
errors, Graphical synthesis for function generation and rigid body guidance with
two, three and four accuracy points using pole method, centre and circle point
curves, Branch and order defects, synthesis for path generation.
UNIT 5
5) Analytical synthesis of four-bar and slider-crank mechanisms:
Freudenstein’s equation, synthesis for four and five accuracy points,
compatibility condition, synthesis of four-bar for prescribed angular velocities and
accelerations using complex numbers.

## 6) Introduction to Coupler Curves : Equation of coupler curve, Robert-

Chebychev theorem, double points and symmetry. (Introductory Approach
Only)

UNIT 6
7) Kinematic Analysis of Spatial Mechanisms : Position, velocity and
acceleration analysis of RGGR mechanisms, Eulerian angles theorem on angular
velocities & acceleration, Denavit-Hartenberg parameters, Transformation matrix
method of analysis of spatial mechanisms. application of special mechanism to
robotics. Kinematic analysis of an industrial robot (Introductory treatment).

Text Books
1) Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, A. Ghosh and A.K. Mallik,
Affiliated East-West Press - 1998

## 2) Kinematic Synthesis of Linkages, R.S. Hartenberg and J. Denavit,

McGraw-Hill.1964.

Reference Books
1) Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, J.J. Uicker ,G.R.Pennock , J.E.
Shigley Oxford Univ. Press, 2003.

## 3) Design of Machinery: An Introduction to the Synthesis and Analysis of

Mechanisms and Machines , Robert L. Norton, McGraw Hill. 2002

## 4) Machines & Mechanisms Applied Kinematics Analysis : Myszka D H. ,

Pearson Education New Delhi, 2002.

## 5) Kinematic Analysis and synthesis of Mechanisms : A.K.Mallik , A. Ghosh

and G. Dittrich – CRC Press 1994 .
ME1054: HEAT EXCHANGER DESIGN

Prerequisites:

exchangers

Unit 1

## Introduction: Applications of heat transfer in engineering field. Modes of heat

transfer. Fourier’s law of heat conduction, Newton’s law of cooling, Stefan
Boltzmann’s law of radiation. Physical interpretation of Thermal conductivity and
Heat transfer coefficient.

## Heat Exchangers: Engineering significance, Classification, Applications

(8)
Unit 2
Flow Distribution and Stress Analysis: Effect of turbulence, friction factor,
Pressure loss and Channel divergence, Thermal stress in tubes, Types of failures.
(6)
Unit 3
Heat transfer and pressure lass, Flow configuration, Effect of baffles, effect of
deviations from identity
Heat Exchanger Analysis: Logarithmic mean temperature difference for parallel
and counter flow heat exchangers. LMTD correction factors fouling factor

The effectiveness – NTU method for parallel and counter flow heat exchangers.
Design considerations for heat exchangers. Introduction to compact heat
exchanger and heat pipe heat exchanger.
(6)
Unit 4
Condensation and Boiling: Film and drop wise condensation. Derivation of heat
transfer coefficient for laminar film condensation on and inside tubes.
Regimes of pool boiling, pool boiling curve and critical heat flux. Forced
convection boiling.
(6)
Unit 5
Condenser and Evaporator Design: Design of surface and evaporative condensers,
Design of shell and tube, plate type evaporators.
(6)
Unit 6
Cooling Towers: Packings, Spray design, Selection of pumps, fans and pipes,
testing, maintenance, experimental methods
(6)

Reference Books
1) IGC Frank P Incropera, David P De Witt, (1990), “ Fundamentals of Heat
Transfer”, Wiley, Eastern Limited.
2) Kern D Q, “Process Heat Transfer”, (1997)Tata Mcgraw Hill New Delhi.
3) Aurther P Frass, “Heat Exchanger Design”, (1996) Second Edition. John
Wiley & Sons, New York.
4) T Taborek, G F Hewitt and N Afgan “Heat Exchangers Theory and
Practice” (1980) Mcgraw Hill Book Co
5) Walker, “Industrial Heat Exchangers a Basic guide” 1980) Mcgraw Hill
Book Co
6) Nicholas Cheremisioff, “Cooling Tower’ (1981), Ann Arbor SciencePub
7) Holger Martin, “Heat exchangers” (1992) Hemispherical Publishing
Corporation, London
8) Karlekar and desmond, “Principles of Heat Transfer” Prentice Hall of India
Ltd, New Delhi
ME1074 OPTIMISATION TECHNIQUES
Elective
Unit 1 : (7 hrs.)
Review of Maths, calculus, linear algebra, function of several variables, extrema,
constrained extrema
Unit 2 : (7 hrs.)
One-dimensional optimisation: polynomial(quadratic, cubic) methods, golden search
method, iterative methods
Unit 3 : (7 hrs.)
Unit 4 : (7 hrs.)
Linear programming: simplex, dual simplex, case studies
Unit 5 : (7 hrs.)
Constrained optimisation: Lagrange multipliers, transformation, linearisation methods
Unit 6 : (7 hrs.)
Evolutionary algorithms: Box complex methods, genetic algorithm, case studies
REFERENCE BOOKS :
1. Optimization: Theory and Practice, Mohan Joshi and Kannan Moudgalya, Narosa
Publishing House, Bombay.
2. Optimization: concepts and application engineering, Ashok Belegundu and
Tirupathi Chandrupatla, Pearson Education Asia, Delhi.
3. Engineering Optimization, Singiresu S. Rao, New Age International(P) Ltd.,
Bombay.
IE0414: OPERATIONS RESEARCH
Prerequisites :

Objectives :

## OR methodology, Definition of OR, Application of OR to engineering and

Managerial problems, Features of OR models, Limitation of OR.

## UNIT 2 :-LINEAR PROGRAMMING 7 Hrs.

Definition, mathematical formulation, standard form, solution space, solution –
feasible, basic feasible, optimal, infeasible, multiple, optimal, Redundancy,
Degeneracy. Graphical and simplex methods. Variants of simplex algorithm –
Artificial basis techniques, Duality, Economic interpretation of Dual, Solution of
LPP using duality concept, Dual simplex method., Big M Method

UNIT 3 7 Hrs.
UNT TITLE: TRANSPORTATION & ASSIGNMENT PROBLEM
Formulation of transportation model, Basic feasible solution using different
methods (North-West corner, Least Cost, Vogel’s Approximation Method)
Optimality Methods, Unbalanced transportation problem, Degeneracy in
transportation problems, Variants in Transportation Problems, Applications of
Transportation problems. Transhipment problems. Formulation of the Assignment
problem, unbalanced assignment problem, travelling salesman problem

UNIT 4 7 Hrs.
QUEUING THEORY
Queuing system and their characteristics, The M/M/I Queuing system, Steady
state performance analysing of M/M/1 queuing model.

UNIT 5 7 Hrs.
PROJECT PLANNING
Network construction, determination of critical path and duration, floats. PERT-
Estimation of project duration, variance.
UNIT 6 7 Hrs.
UNT TITLE REPLACEMENT ANALYSIS:
Individual Replacement, Group Replacement Policies, Problems.

Text books:
1. Taha H A Operation Research and Introduction, McMillian.ISBN-0-02-
418940-5
2. Paneerselvam Operations Research , Prentice Hall of India

Reference books:
1. Hiller and Libermann, Introduction to Operation Research, McGraw Hill 5th
edn.
2. S.D. Sharma – Operations Research, Kedarnath, Ramnath &Co
3. J K Sharma, Operations Research Theory and Application, Pearson Education
Pvt Ltd ,2nd Edn, ISBN-0333-92394-4
4. Kanthi Swarup & others – Operations Research, Sultan chand and Sons.
5. Philips, Ravindram and Soleberg-Principles of Operations Research – Theory
and Practice, PHI
IE0424: MATERIALS MANAGEMENT AND LOGISTICS

Prerequisites :

Objectives :
Unit I 7 Hrs.

## Introduction to Materials Management: What are Inventories, need of

inventories, objectives of an Inventory Control system, concept of Rate of Return
with respect to Inventories, Symptoms of poor Inventory management, Purchase
procedure

Unit II 7 Hrs.
Classification and Costs of Inventories: Different types of Inventories, Inventory
carrying cost, procurement cost, set up cost, stock out cost, Inventory cost curve,
problems based on inventory costs, EOQ concept, assumptions of EOQ model,
mathematical treatment of economic buying, Extension of basic EOQ model.

## Unit III 7 Hrs.

Selective Inventory Control: Concept of Selective Inventory Control, ABC
analysis, VED analysis, HML analysis, SDE analysis, SOS analysis, FSN analysis,
GOLF analysis, Concept of Lead time and its effects on Inventory, Internal and
time, Vendor development and vendor rating

Unit IV 7 Hrs.
Replenishment Systems: Introduction, Different types of replenishment systems
like Fixed order quantity system, Fixed order interval system, Combination of
fixed order interval and quantity system, Tow Bin System, Safety stocks

Unit V 7 Hrs.
Surplus and Obsolescent stocks: Introduction, Genesis of surplus materials,
Disposal of surplus and obsolete materials, need of physical stock taking, method
of stock taking like annual, continuous, reorder point stock taking, Inventory
records

Unit VI 7 Hrs.
Manufacturing Resource Planning: Why Inventory control is an integrated
approach? Concept of Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP), MRP I and MRP
II, case studied in MRP, Introduction to ERP

Text Book
1. Inventory management by L.C. Jhamb
2. Material Management by Dobler Burt

Reference Books:
1. Inventory management, Silver and Peterson, John Willey and sons
ME5014 : DYNAMICS OF MACHINERY

Prerequisites:

Objectives:
Study and Analysis of dynamics of mechanical systems and machines.

Term Work

The Term Work shall consist of any “eight” of the following experiments:

## 1. Verification of principle of gyroscope and gyroscopic couple, magnitude.

2. Study of any two gyro controlled instruments.
3. To study the dynamic balancing machine and to balance a rotor. (e.g. rotor
of electric motor , flywheel , fan etc. )
4. To determine the natural frequency of damped vibration of single degree
freedom system and to find its damping coefficient.
5. To verify natural frequency of torsional vibration of two rotor system and
position of node.
6. To determine critical speed of single rotor system.
7. To determine resonance frequency of transverse vibration of beam..
8. To determine the frequency response curve under different damping
conditions for single degree freedom system of vibration.
9. To study shock absorbers and to plot transmissibility curve.
10. Experiment on vibration measurement.

Oral shall be based on the term work prescribed and presented in the form
of a journal.

Text Books
1 Shigley J. E. and Uicker J. J. . “ Theory of Machines and Mechanisms“
International Edition , McGraw Hill Inc
2 Grover G. K. “Mechanical Vibrations “ , Nem Chand and Bros.

Reference Books:

## 1 Rao S. S. “Mechanical Vibrations “ , Addison Wiley Publishing Co. , World

Student Series.
2 Seto W. W. “Mechanical Vibrations “ Schaum Publishing Co. , New York.
3 Hannah and Stephans, “ Mechanics of Machines “ ,Edward Aronold
Publication.
4 A. Gosh & Malik , “Theory of Mechanism and Machines” ,East – West Pvt
Ltd.
5 Meirovitch, “Elements of Mechanical Vibrations”, Tata McGraw Hill
6 Beven T. “ Theory of Machines “
7 Jagdishlal, . “ Theory of Machines “
Prerequisites:

Objectives:
The foundation for the application of computers in the product development
process is development of models using Computer Aided Design. Information
from these models forms the basis for Design & Analysis, Planning & Organising
Manufacturing Activity and the Control of Machines which Manufactures the
Product. Units 1,2,3 will introduce concepts in Computer Aided Design &
Analysis & Units 4,5,6 will introduce concepts in Planning & Organising
Manufacturing Activity and the Control of Machines.

List of Practicals

1. Write a program to fit Bezier / B-Spline curve for given control points.
(2 turns)
OR
Write a program to find points on Bezier / B-Spline surfaces. . (2 turns)

## 2 Solid Modeling & Parametric Solid Modeling of any one mechanical

component.

(2 turns)

3. Solve 1D/2D problem using Finite Element Method of any one mechanical
component. (2 turns)

CAM

## 1) Programming and Manufacturing of one job on CNC lathe or CNC Milling

machine.

(2 turns)
2) Part programming of one job using CAM software. (2 turns)

## 3) Write the program for Inventory Management & MRPI.( 2 turns)

Text Books
3. Ibrahim Zeid – ‘CAD/CAM - theory and practice’ Tata McGraw Hill
Publishing Co.
4. Ibrahim Zeid – ‘Mastering CAD/CAM ’ Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.

Reference Books
5. Chandrupatla T.R. and Belegunda A.D. – ‘Introduction to finite elements in
engineering’ – Prentice Hall of India.
6. Segerling L.J. – ‘Applied finite elements analysis’ John Wiley and Sons.
7. Rao P.N., Introduction to CAD/CAM Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.
8. Groover M.P.- ‘Automation, production systems and computer integrated
manufacturing’ – Prentice Hall of India
5. Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics – D F Roger , J Adams ,
McGraw Hill Co. Ltd. New York.
ME814: PROJECT-I

## Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:

Practical : 02 Hrs/week Credits: 05
Home Assignment : 02 Hrs/week

## The project work could be of the following nature:

Design/development and Fabrication of models, machines, prototypes
based on new ideas, robotic and automation systems, Experimental set ups, test
rigs/ equipments, Thermal Systems.
Energy audit/conservation studies.
Extensive computational analysis of problems relevant to mechanical
engineering, CAD/CAM/CAE . Modelling/simulation of product(s), mechanism(s)
or system(s) and its validation or comparison with available bench marks /
results.

## The project work shall be taken up individually or in a group consisting of not

more than 4 students.

## A report containing maximum 30 pages shall be submitted based on the

background, need and scope of the project, project specifications, activities
involved in the project and activity plan, study of literature and basic theory, and
work completed (if any).

## a) Report shall be typed or printed.

b) Figures and tables shall be on separate pages and attached at respective
positions.
c) Project title and approval sheets shall be attached at the beginning of the
report followed by index and synopsis of the project.
d) References shall be mentioned at the end followed by appendices (if any).

## e) When a group of students is doing a project, names of all the students

shall be included on every certified report copy.
f) Each group of students shall submit two copies of reports to the institute
and one copy shall be prepared for each individual student.
ME834: SEMINAR-I
Students are supposed to make an extensive literature survey of some emerging
topic & submit two copies of the seminar report based on this work, before the end
of semester.
Guidelines for selecting a topic
1) The topic should be the latest & related to the mechanical engineering field.
2) It should not be taken directly from the University Syllabus.
3) Interdisciplinary topics such as application of electronics, instrumentation,
computers, management techniques etc. in the field of mechanical engineering
are also acceptable.

## 1) The report should be of about 15 nos. of A4 size pages including figures

and plates.
2) Use Roman- 12 font with double spacing.
3) Report should be so arranged that text matter, figures, plates, etc. will
appear on right hand side only while left hand side is kept blank.
4) General sequence of the report material should be as follows
i)Title page, ii) Certificate, iii) Content, iv) Abstract, v) Main material,
vi) Bibliography
*Standard certificate Proforma will be made available by the department and
the same should be used.
** Bibliography should be presented in the following sequence
i) Research papers from National/ international journals, proceedings,
conferences( starting from latest in descending order of year of
publication)
ii) Books (starting from latest)
iii) Websites
5) Two copies of report with cover page (as supplied by department) duly
filled up and spiral bound to be submitted before the term end.
ME 0024: POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

Prerequisites:

Objectives:

To gain knowledge on different types of power plants along with thermal utilities
like boilers, Nozzles and condensers and fuels used for Thermal power plants.
Also to have knowledge on Economic aspects of power generation.

Unit I :- 6 Hrs.
Power Plants: Factors affecting Selection of site, Schematic Diagrams and
relative merits of Steam ,Gas Diesel ,Hydro Power Plants, Present status of Power
generation in India.
Nuclear Power Plants
Classification, Site Selection, Types of Various Reactors with working of various
Components. Nuclear Power plants In India. Waste Disposal

Unit II 7 Hrs.
Fuels for thermal power plants
Coal – basic ingredients & effect on furnace design coal beneficiation, blending,
selection for thermal power plants, Liquid fuels, Gaseous fuels, slurry or emulsion
type fuels, Handling , storage preparation & feeding, burning of fuels, Ash
handling & dust collection, Draught system, Principle of Fluidized bed
combustion.
Unit III :- 8 Hrs.
High Pressure Boilers
High pressure boilers, types of fluidized bed boilers (CFBCB, PFBCB) Steam
piping and layout
Improved Rankine Cycle
Rankine Cycle With Reheating and Regeneration. Steam Power Plants with
Process Heating.

Unit IV :- 6 Hrs.
Steam Nozzles : Flow of fluids through nozzle, subsonic, supersonic nozzles, and
diffusers, continuity equation, variation of velocity, area and specific volume,
mass of discharge through nozzle, maximum discharge and critical pressure ratio,
chocking of nozzle, effect of friction, nozzle efficiency, velocity coefficient, ,
supersaturated flow,

Unit V :- 7 Hrs.
Condensers : Necessity of condensers, types of condensers, Dalton’s law of
partial pressures, condenser vacuum and vacuum efficiency, condenser efficiency,
air pumps, capacity of air extraction pumps, types of cooling towers, cooling water
requirements.

Unit VI 8 Hrs.
Economics Power Generation
factor, demand factor, diversity factor. Performance at variable load of power
plants, heat rate and incremental heat rate curves, load sharing among generators
and prime movers, load shading between power stations, cost analysis, unit energy
cost.
Text Books
1) A Course in Power Plant Engg,1990, 5th Edition, Arora, & Domkundwar,Dhanpat
Rai & Co.
2) Power Plant Engg, 1998, P K Nag, Tata Mcgraw Hill & Co. New Delhi

Reference Books
1. Rangan C. S., Sarma G. R., Mani V. S., Instrumentation – Devices and
Systems, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi.
2. Histand B. H., Alciatore D. G., Introduction to Mechatronics and
Measurement Systems.
3. Johnson C. D. ‘ Process Control Instrumentation Technology, Prentice
Hall of India Pvt Ltd., New Delhi.
4. HMT, Mechatronics, HMT.
5. Mahalik N. P., Mechatronics – Principles, concepts and applications, Tata
McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi.
6. Kolk R. A., Shetty D., Mechatronics Systems Design, Vikas Publishing
Manual, Delhi.
7. A. S. Hall – Kinematic Linkage Design – Pretice Hall Publication
ME0044: MECHATRONICS
Prerequisites:

Objectives:

UNIT I (7 Hrs)

## Introduction to Mechatronics : Mechatronic system, measurement systems,

control systems and response of systems.
Measurement systems : static characteristics
Flow measurement : Rotameter, anemometer and comparison of characteristics of
different flow meters.
Pressure measurement : Mcleod gauges, comparison of characteristics of different
pressure measuring devices.

UNIT II (7 Hrs)

## Level measurement, strain measurement – strain gauges, theory, types, strain

gauge circuits, temperature compensation, load cells.
Temperature measurement : RTD, Thermocouples, pyrometers.
Displacement and position sensors : LVDT, optical encoders – transnational and
rotary.

## System Models : Mathematical models, introduction to mechanical, electrical,

fluid and thermal systems. Rotational and transnational systems, electro –
mechanical, hydraulic – mechanical systems.
Control Systems : open loop, closed loop systems, transfer functions, feed back
and feed forward control systems and their applications.

UNIT IV (7 Hrs)
System Response, modeling of dynamic systems, dynamic response of first order,
second order systems to step, ramp and impulse inputs. Transfer functions, Bode
plots, stability of systems.
Control Actions : On – Off, proportional, proportional + integral, P + D .
proportional + integral + derivative control actions.
Control systems Components :
Transmitters,controllers/pressure/flow/level/temperature/limit/proximity/magnetic
switches and relays.

UNIT V (7 Hrs)

## Analog signal processing, introduction, principle, passive circuits, operational

amplifiers - characteristics and specifications. Op – amp circuits for inverting, non
inverting, difference amplifiers, integrator, differentiator, comparator and sample
and hold applications (no analytical treatment.)
Digital Signal Processing : Timing diagrams, sequential logic, flip flops, D flip
flop, JK flip flop, master slave flip flop. Applications of flip flop, decade counters,
Schmitt trigger, 555 timers. A/D and D/A converters.

UNIT VI (7 Hrs)

## Programming Logic Controllers : Relay logic, basic structure, input/output

processing, timers, internal relays and counters, shift resisters, ladder diagram and
programming, selection of PLCs, introduction to microcontroller.
Text Books
1. Doebelin E. O., Measurement System – Application and Design, Tata McGraw
Hill Publications Ltd, New Delhi.
2. Bolton W. , Mechatronics – Electronics Control Systems in Mechanical and
Electrical Engineering, Pearson – Education (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
Reference Books
1. Rangan C. S., Sarma G. R., Mani V. S., Instrumentation – Devices and
Systems, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi.
2. Histand B. H., Alciatore D. G., Introduction to Mechatronics and Measurement
Systems.
3. Johnson C. D. ‘ Process Control Instrumentation Technology, Prentice Hall of
India Pvt Ltd., New Delhi.
4. HMT, Mechatronics, HMT.
5. Mahalik N. P., Mechatronics – Principles, concepts and applications, Tata
McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi.
6. Kolk R. A., Shetty D., Mechatronics Systems Design, Vikas Publishing
Manual, Delhi.
7. A. S. Hall – Kinematic Linkage Design – Pretice Hall Publication

Pre-Requisite :

## Objectives : 1. To know design of gears and pressure vessels.

2. To develop the ability of designing the machine components with
manufacturing considerations.
3. To know statistical and optimum design.

UNIT – 1
Bevel Gears
Straight tooth bevel gear terminology and geometric relationship, Formative
number of teeth, Force analysis, Design criteria of bevel gears, Beam and wear
strengths, Dynamic tooth load by Velocity factor and Buckingham’s equation,
Effective load, Design of straight tooth bevel gears, Selection of materials for
bevel gears, Introduction to spiral bevel gears and hypoid gears and comparison
with straight tooth bevel gears, Lubrication and mounting of bevel gears, Bearing
reactions, Types of failures in bevel gears.

(6 Hrs)

UNIT – 2
Worm Gears
Worm and worm gear terminology and geometrical relationship, Types of worm
and worm gears, Standard dimensions, Force analysis of worm gear drives,
Friction in Worm gears and its efficiency, Worm and worm-wheel material,
Strength and wear ratings of worm gears, Thermal consideration in worm gear
drive, Types of failures in worm gearing, Methods of lubrication.
(
6 Hrs)

UNIT 3
Design Of Cylinders and pressure vessels :-

Thick and thin cylinders – Thin cylindrical and spherical vessels – Lame’s
equation – Clavarino’s and Birnie’s equations – Design of hydraulic and
pneumatic cylinders – Auto frettage and compound cylinders – Gasketed joints in
cylindrical vessels. Modes of failures in pressure vessels. Unfired pressure vessels
– Classification of pressure vessels as per I. S. 2825 – categories and types of
welded joints – weld joint efficiency – Corrosion, erosion and protection vessels,
stresses induced in pressure vessels, materials of construction. Thickness of
cylindrical and spherical shells and design of end closures as per code – Nozzles
and Openings in pressure vessels –Reinforcement of openings in shell and end
closures. Area compensation method – Types of vessel supports.

(8 Hrs)

UNIT 4
Optimum design :-

## Objectives of optimum design –Johnson’s Method of Optimum Design (MOD).

Adequate and optimum design. Primary, subsidiary and limit equations –
Optimum design with normal specifications of simple machine elements like
tension bar, transmission shaft, helical spring.– Introduction to optimum design
with redundant specifications.
(
6 Hrs)

UNIT 5
Design of Flypress :-
Power calculation for fly press , Design of flywheel, Fundamental equation of
motion – torque analysis – disk and rimmed flywheels – Stresses in flywheel rim
and spokes – Design of disc and and rimmed flywheels for various applications.
Standard dimensions of flywheels.

## Design for manufacture :-

General principles of design for manufacture and assembly ( DFM & DMFA).
Principles of design of castings and forgings – Design for machining – Design for
powder metallurgy – Design for welding.
(
8 Hrs)

UNIT 6
Statistical consideration in design :-

## Frequency distribution – Histogram and frequency polygon – Normal distribution

– Units of measurement of central tendency and dispersion – Standard variable –
population combinations – Design and natural tolerances –Design for assembly-
Statistical analysis of tolerances – Mechanical reliability and factor of safety.

## Basic types of product forms – Designing for appearance – Shape, features,

materials and finishes, proportions symmetry, contrast etc. – Morgan’s colour
code. Ergonomic considerations - Relation between Man, machine and
environmental factors. Design of displays and controls.
Practical examples of products or equipments using ergonomic and aesthetic
design principles.

(8 Hrs)

Text Books :
1. Bhandari V.B. – “Design of machine elements” –McGrow Hill Public Co.
Ltd. (Second edition)
2. Shigley J.E. and Mischke C.R. – “Mechanical Engineering Design”
McGrow Hill Pub. Co. Ltd.

Reference Books :

## 1. Spott’s M.F. and Shoup T.E. – “Design of Machine elements” – Prentice

Hall International.
2. Black P.H. and O. Eugene Adams – “Machine Design” – McGrow Hill
Book Co. Ltd.
3. Willium C. Orthwine – “Machine Components Design I and II” – West-
Pub. Co. an Jaico Pub. House.
4. “Design Data” – P.S.G. College of Technology, Coimbatore.
5. Hall A.S., Holowenko A.R. and Laughlin H.G. – “Theory and Problems of
Machine Design” – Mcgraw Hill New York 1961.
ME1024: FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
ME1044: CRYOGENIC
ME1064: TRIBOLOGY
MICROPROCESSOR AND CONTROLS
AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND COSTING
ME 5024: POWER PLANT ENGINEERING LABORATORY

Prerequisites :

## List of Practicals (Any Six)

1) Report based on visit to one Power plant thermal / Nuclear / combined
cycle.
2) Study of high pressure boilers.
3) Study of fluidized bed combustion boilers.
4) Study of steam turbines – constructional details of impulse and reaction
turbines.
5) Study of steam turbine systems – Speed governor, emergency trip gear,
extraction pressure regulator.
6) Study of nuclear reactors.
7) Trail on steam turbine power plant to determine
a) Plant Efficiency , Rankine Efficiency Vs Load
b) Steam consumption and Specific Steam consumption Vs Load
c) Rate of Energy Input Vs Load
d) Heat Rate and Incremental heat Rate Vs Load
8) Trial on Diesel power plant to determine
b) Total fuel consumption Vs Load
c) Rate of Energy Input Vs Load
d) Heat Rate and Incremental heat Rate Vs Load
9) Study of power plant instrumentation.

Text Books
1) A Course in Power Plant Engg,1990, 5th Edition, Arora, &
Domkundwar,Dhanpat Rai & Co.
2) Power Plant Engg, 1998, P K Nag, Tata Mcgraw Hill & Co. New Delhi

Reference Books
1) Power Plant Engg, 2007,-R.K.Rajput ,(2007),Laxmi Publication,New Delhi
2) Power Plant Engineering, 2003,- P. C. Sharma .,,S. Kataria & sons,New
Delhi,2003

## 4) Handbook of Power Plant Engineering ,1989, Elliot T.C.,McGraw Hill

Book Co.
5) Power Plant Engineering-, 2001,- Wakil M M, Tata Mcgraw Hill & Co.,
New Delhi
6) Thermal Engineering, 2005,- P. L. Ballaney, Khanna Publishing House

## 7) Introduction to Power Plant Technology,2000,Rai G D ,Khanna Publishing

ME5044: MECHATRONICS LABORATORY
Prerequisites:

Objectives:

List of Practicals

## Minimum of 6 experiments from the following; out of which experiment no.

12 is compulsory, two shall be from serial no. 1 to 5, two from serial no. 6 to
11 and one from 13 to 17. Record of experiments and assignments shall be
submitted in the form of journal.

## 1. Calibration of flow meters.

2. Calibration of Thermocouples/ RTD.
4. Vibration measurement using accelerometers.
5. Displacement measurement/ level measurement.
6. Verification of P, P+I, P+D, P+I+D control actions.
7. Study of XY position control systems.
8. Study of linear conveyor control system.
9. Study of rotary table positioning systems.
10. Study of different switches and relays.
11. Analysis of control system using software like MATLAB/SIMULINK or
equivalent.
12. Development of ladder diagram/programming PLC for level control,
position control or any other mechanical engineering application.
13. Study of A/D and D/A converters.
14. Study of Flip Flops and Timers.
15. Study of Application of Op – Amp circuits.
16. Study of Data acquisition system.
17. Study of Microcontrollers.
Text Books
1. Doebelin E. O., Measurement System – Application and Design, Tata
McGraw Hill Publications Ltd, New Delhi.
2. Bolton W. , Mechatronics – Electronics Control Systems in Mechanical and
Electrical Engineering, Pearson – Education (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.

Reference Books

## 8. Rangan C. S., Sarma G. R., Mani V. S., Instrumentation – Devices and

Systems, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi.
9. Histand B. H., Alciatore D. G., Introduction to Mechatronics and
Measurement Systems.
10. Johnson C. D. ‘ Process Control Instrumentation Technology, Prentice
Hall of India Pvt Ltd., New Delhi.
11. HMT, Mechatronics, HMT.
12. Mahalik N. P., Mechatronics – Principles, concepts and applications, Tata
McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi.
13. Kolk R. A., Shetty D., Mechatronics Systems Design, Vikas Publishing
Manual, Delhi.
14. A. S. Hall – Kinematic Linkage Design – Pretice Hall Publication
ME5064: MACHINE DESIGN III
Pre-Requisite :

## Objectives : 1. To know design of gears and pressure vessels.

2. To develop the ability of designing the machine components with
manufacturing considerations.
3. To know statistical and optimum design.

List of Practicals
1) The term work shall consist of ONE design project. The design project shall
consist of two imperial size sheets - one involving assembly drawing with a
part list and overall dimensions and the other sheet involving drawings of
individual components, manufacturing tolerances, surface finish symbols
and geometric tolerances should be specified so as to make it working
drawing. A design report giving all necessary calculations of the design of
components and assembly should be submitted in a separate file. Projects
shall be in the form of design of mechanical systems such as pressure vessel
or gear box.

Assignments:

Three assignments based on any one of the following topics from each of
the three groups.

Group I : Sr. No. 1 to 3, Group II : Sr. No. 4 to 6, Group III : Sr. No. 7 to 9.

## 1) Modern engineering materials and their applications / evaluation methods

for material selection.
2) Piping design.
3) Cost estimation of a product.
4) Value engineering
5) Concurrent engineering
6) Reverse engineering.
7) Design for manufacturing and assembly.
8) Designing for environment.
9) Designs in relation to patents, trade mark and copy right.

## Note: -Assignments will be treated as part of term work.

Text Books
1. Bhandari V.B. – “Design of machine elements” –McGrow Hill
Public Co. Ltd. (Second edition)
2. Shigley J.E. and Mischke C.R. – “Mechanical Engineering Design”
McGrow Hill Pub. Co. Ltd.

Reference Books
1. Spott’s M.F. and Shoup T.E. – “Design of Machine elements” –
Prentice Hall International.
2. Black P.H. and O. Eugene Adams – “Machine Design” – McGrow
Hill Book Co. Ltd.
3. Willium C. Orthwine – “Machine Components Design I and II” –
West-Pub. Co. an Jaico Pub. House.
4. “Design Data” – P.S.G. College of Technology, Coimbatore.
5. Hall A.S., Holowenko A.R. and Laughlin H.G. – “Theory and
Problems of Machine Design” – Mcgraw Hill New York 1961.
ME824: PROJECT- II

## Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:

Practical : 04 Hrs/week Credits: 10
Home Assignment : 06 Hrs/week

## The project work could be of the following nature:

Design/development and Fabrication of models, machines, prototypes
based on new ideas, robotic and automation systems, Experimental set ups, test
rigs/ equipments, Thermal Systems.
Energy audit/conservation studies.
Extensive computational analysis of problems relevant to mechanical
engineering, CAD/CAM/CAE . Modelling/simulation of product(s), mechanism(s)
or system(s) and its validation or comparison with available bench marks /
results.

## The project work shall be taken up individually or in a group consisting of not

more than 4 students.

## A report based on the project work carried out needs to be submitted

which shall include details of project specifications, design procedure, drawings,
process sheets, assembly procedure, testing/analysis results, costing etc.

## a) Report shall be typed or printed.

b) Figures and tables shall be on separate pages and attached at respective
positions.
c) Project title and approval sheets shall be attached at the beginning of the
report followed by index and synopsis of the project.
d) References shall be mentioned at the end followed by appendices (if any).

## e) When a group of students is doing a project, names of all the students

shall be included on every certified report copy.
f) Each group of students shall submit two copies of reports to the institute
and one copy shall be prepared for each individual student.
g) In case of sponsored projects, the students shall obtain certificate from
sponsor and attach it to the report.

ME844 : SEMINAR-II