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ANCHOR BOLT

Material Specification: ASTM A307 bolt


Allowable Tensile Stress, Ft 132 Mpa Table J3.2 AISC ASD
Allowable Shear Stress, Fv 68 Mpa Table J3.2 AISC ASD

Dia (mm) Min. Bolt Spacing Nominal Area Eff. Tensile Allowable Shear Allowable
db 4db (1) 6db (2) (mm2) Area (mm2) (3) Tens. (KN) (4) (5) Area (mm2) Shear (KN) (4) (5)
16 64 96 201 148 19.6 201 13.7
20 80 120 314 234 30.9 314 21.4
24 96 144 452 339 44.8 452 30.8
30 120 180 707 530 70.0 707 48.1
36 144 216 1018 763 100.8 1018 69.2
42 168 252 1385 1039 137.2 1385 94.2

Note:
1 For vertical towers, columns, and drums

2 For horizontal drums, exchangers, and structural steelwork

3 Values here show the lesser of :


• tensile stress area through the threaded portion of the bolt, from AISC table pp 4-147
• 0.75*nominal bolt area, from Dow spec G2D-3070-01 item 4

4 3 mm reduction in bolt diameter, for corrosion allowance, is not applicable since bolts are galvanized,
refer AAM-14280-40A3.

5 The allowable tensile and shear strengths are for anchor bolts under pure tension or shear forces only.

For combined tension and shear, allowable tensile stress shall be

Ft = 179.3 -1.8fv < 137.9 Mpa Table J3.3 AISC ASD

Fu = Specified Min. Tensile Strength = 400 Mpa


fv = actual shear stress
Ft = allowable tensile stress
TABLE J2.4
Minimum Size of Fillet Welds
Material Thickness
Minimum Size of Maximum Size of Fillet
of Thicker Part
Fillet Weld (mm) Weld (mm)
Jointed (mm)

3 3 6
4 3 6
5 3 6
6 3 6
7 5 6
8 5 6
9 5 7
10 5 8
11 5 9
12 5 10
13 5 11
14 6 12
15 6 13
16 6 14
17 6 15
18 6 16
19 6 17
20 8 18
21 8 19
22 8 20
23 8 21

Notes: It meet to the Engineering Institute of Thailand, E.I.T book, table 7.6

Allowable Resistance Rw of Fillet Welds


Min. Tensile Strength
Nominal Size Effective Throat of Weld E70xx
Electrode (KN/mm)

3 2.1 0.31
4 2.8 0.41 AWS E70
5 3.5 0.51 Fu = 480
6 4.2 0.61
7 4.9 0.71
8 5.7 0.81
9 6.4 0.92
10 7.1 1.02
11 7.8 1.12
12 8.5 1.22
13 9.2 1.32
14 9.9 1.43
15 10.6 1.53
16 11.3 1.63
17 12.0 1.73
18 12.7 1.83
19 13.4 1.93
20 14.1 2.04
21 14.8 2.14
22 15.6 2.24
23 16.3 2.34
24 17.0 2.44
25 17.7 2.55

384634780.xls\Weld Connection (Table J2.4) 04/19/2018


26 18.4 2.65

Notes: Rw = 0.3FEXX te : te = effective throat

384634780.xls\Weld Connection (Table J2.4) 04/19/2018


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BASE PLATE DESIGN

Base Plate Design for Pin Connection

Material Properties
X0 X0
Fy = 235 N/mm2 for column
f 'c = 25 N/mm2 for plinth
fc allow= 12 N/mm2 for groutpad
Y0
Column size
dcol (mm) bfc (mm) twc (mm) tfc (mm) N1
Y0
250 250 9 14

Base Plate Geometry


B1
Dimension X : B1 = 300 mm
Dimension y : N1 = 300 mm
Dist. in X dir. from bolt center to plate edge : x0 = 75 mm
Dist. in Y dir. from bolt center to plate edge : y0 = 75 mm
Plate thickness : tp = 20 mm

tp
Bolt Data
Bolt Designation = A307
Total Number of bolts : Nb = 4 pcs
Nominal diameter : db = 30 mm o.k.
Reduced Tensile Area (At) = 530 mm2 See Anchor Bolt Info. Worksheet
Reduced Shear Area (As) = 707 mm2

Plinth Geometry
X dimension of plinth : B2 = 600 mm
Y dimension of plinth : N2 = 600 mm
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Design forces
Service loads P = -100.0 kN Compressive force (+)
Vx = 3.0 kN
Vz = 50.0 kN

Bearing Capacity
A2 = B2 * N2 = 360000 mm2
2
A=max(1/A2*(P*1000/0.35f'c) , P*1000/ 0.7f'c) = 363 mm2
D = 0.5 (0.95 dcol - 0.8 bfc) = 18.8 mm
N = sqrt(A1) + D = 38 mm o.k.
B=A/ N = 10 mm o.k.
A1 = B1 * N1 = 90000 mm2
fp = P * 1000 / A1 = 0.00 N/mm2 o.k.
Fp = 0.35 * f 'c * sqrt( A2 / A1 ) £ 0.7f'c = 17.50 N/mm 2
o.k.
Rp = fp / Fp = 0.000

Anchor bolts
Increasing stress : a = 1.00 *
Vi = sqrt(Vx2 + Vz2) / Nb = 12.5 kN per bolt **
Actual shear stress v = Vi / As = 17.7 MPa
Allowable Shear Stress (v allow) = 68.0 MPa
Increased v allow = a * v allow = 68.0 MPa o.k.
Ti = T / N b = 25.0 kN
Actual Tensile Stress (Ti / At) = 47.2 MPa
Allowable Tensile Stress (Ft = 179.3 - 1.8fv ≤ 137.9) = 137.9 MPa
Increased Ft allow = a * Ft = 137.9 MPa o.k.
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Base Plate
For Compressive loads (considering both cantilever and yield line approaches) AISC ASD 9th Edition
m = ( N1 - 0.95dcol ) /2 = 31.3 mm
n = ( B1 - 0.8bfc ) /2 = 50.0 mm
n' = sqrt( dcol * bfc ) / 4 = 62.5 mm
q = 4dcol * bfc / (dcol + bfc )2 * fp / Fp = 0.0 Þ lightly loaded plate
l = 2 * sqrt(q) / ( 1 + sqrt(1-q)) = 0.0
l n' = 0.0 mm
l = Max(m,n,l n') = 50.0 mm
tp = 2 * l *sqrt( fp / Fy ) = 0.0 mm o.k.

For Tensile load 4 Number of bolt lm


Moment in the base plate equals the bolt force time the lever arm to column web face
M = Ti * lm / 1000 = 1.9 kN-m.
The effective width of base plate for resisting moment at the face of web face = b eff.
Assuming a 45 degree distribution for the bolt loads. beff
beff = 250.0 mm
Fby = 0.75Fy = 176.3 N/mm2
tp = sqrt(6M/beffFby) = 16.0 mm ok

Column Flange to Base Plate Weld


Min. size fillet weld, E70 electrodes = 8 mm AISC.TableJ2.4
Max. size fillet weld, E70 electrodes = 12 mm AISC.Sect.J2.2.b
Rw = T / 4*bfc-2*tfc = 0.10 kN / mm run
Use 8 -mm. fillet welds, E70 eletrodes, both sides. Þ ok

Column to Base Plate for Direct Shear


Min. size fillet weld, E70 electrodes = 8 mm AISC.TableJ2.4
Max. size fillet weld, E70 electrodes = 7 mm AISC.Sect.J2.2.b
Rw = Vtotal / 2*( dcol - 2 tfc ) = 0.11 kN / mm run
\ use 7 -mm. fillet welds, E70 eletrodes, both sides. Þ ok
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BASE PLATE DESIGN

Base Plate Design for Pin Connection

Material Properties
X0 X0
Fy = 235 N/mm2 for column
f 'c = 25 N/mm2 for plinth
fc allow= 12 N/mm2 for groutpad
Y0
Column size
dcol (mm) bfc (mm) twc (mm) tfc (mm) N1
Y0
250 250 9 14

Base Plate Geometry


B1
Dimension X : B1 = 300 mm
Dimension y : N1 = 300 mm
Dist. in X dir. from bolt center to plate edge : x0 = 75 mm
Dist. in Y dir. from bolt center to plate edge : y0 = 75 mm
Plate thickness : tp = 20 mm

tp
Bolt Data
Bolt Designation = A307
Total Number of bolts : Nb = 4 pcs
Nominal diameter : db = 30 mm o.k.
Reduced Tensile Area (At) = 530 mm2 See Anchor Bolt Info. Worksheet
Reduced Shear Area (As) = 707 mm2

Plinth Geometry
X dimension of plinth : B2 = 600 mm
Y dimension of plinth : N2 = 600 mm
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Design forces
Service loads P = 250.0 kN Compressive force (+)
Vx = 3.0 kN
Vz = 50.0 kN

Bearing Capacity
A2 = B2 * N2 = 360000 mm2
2
A=max(1/A2*(P*1000/0.35f'c) , P*1000/ 0.7f'c) = 14286 mm2
D = 0.5 (0.95 dcol - 0.8 bfc) = 18.8 mm
N = sqrt(A1) + D = 139 mm o.k.
B=A/ N = 103 mm o.k.
A1 = B1 * N1 = 90000 mm2
fp = P * 1000 / A1 = 2.78 N/mm2 o.k.
Fp = 0.35 * f 'c * sqrt( A2 / A1 ) £ 0.7f'c = 17.50 N/mm 2
o.k.
Rp = fp / Fp = 0.159

Anchor bolts
Increasing stress : a = 1.00 *
Vi = sqrt(Vx2 + Vz2) / Nb /2 = 25.0 kN per bolt **
Actual shear stress v = Vi / As = 35.4 MPa
Allowable Shear Stress (v allow) = 68.0 MPa
Increased v allow = a * v allow = 68.0 MPa o.k.
Ti = T / N b = 0.0 kN
Actual Tensile Stress (Ti / At) = 0.0 MPa
Allowable Tensile Stress (Ft = 179.3 - 1.8fv ≤ 137.9) = 115.5 MPa
Increased Ft allow = a * Ft = 115.5 MPa o.k.

* No stress increase allowed since Kd = 0.85 (ASCE 7-05). Ref Dow Package 21: Civil/Structural Instructions
** ref G2D-3070-01 item 9: half the number of bolts are assumed effective in shear
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Base Plate
For Compressive loads (considering both cantilever and yield line approaches) AISC ASD 9th Edition
m = ( N1 - 0.95dcol ) /2 = 31.3 mm
n = ( B1 - 0.8bfc ) /2 = 50.0 mm
n' = sqrt( dcol * bfc ) / 4 = 62.5 mm
q = 4dcol * bfc / (dcol + bfc )2 * fp / Fp = 0.2 Þ lightly loaded plate
l = 2 * sqrt(q) / ( 1 + sqrt(1-q)) = 0.4
l n' = 26.0 mm
l = Max(m,n,l n') = 50.0 mm
tp = 2 * l *sqrt( fp / Fy ) = 10.9 mm o.k.

For Tensile loads (based on the work of Murry (1983))


Check if 1.414*bfc <= d = N
g (distance between the columns of bolts = B1-2x0) = 150.0 mm
tp = sqrt(1.414*T*g / (2*bfc*Fy)) when 1.414bfc <= d = 0.0 mm ok
tp = sqrt(T*g*dcol/(0.5*Fy*(dcol^2 + 2*bfc^2))) when 1.414bfc > d

Column Flange to Base Plate Weld


Min. size fillet weld, E70 electrodes = 8 mm AISC.TableJ2.4
Max. size fillet weld, E70 electrodes = 12 mm AISC.Sect.J2.2.b
Rw = T / 4*bfc-2*tfc = 0.00 kN / mm run
Use 8 -mm. fillet welds, E70 eletrodes, both sides. Þ ok

Column to Base Plate for Direct Shear


Min. size fillet weld, E70 electrodes = 8 mm AISC.TableJ2.4
Max. size fillet weld, E70 electrodes = 7 mm AISC.Sect.J2.2.b
Rw = Vtotal / 2*( dcol - 2 tfc ) = 0.23 kN / mm run
\ use 7 -mm. fillet welds, E70 eletrodes, both sides. Þ ok
CASE 1

-145.7
-75.3
-0.2

Page 10
CASE 1

1.33

Page 11
CASE 2

765.5
120.7
0.3

Page 12
CASE 2

1.33

Page 13
CASE 3

720.2
-134.9
0

Page 14
CASE 3

1.33

Page 15