Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 5

IPA Extensions

Range: 0250–02AF

This file contains an excerpt from the character code tables and list of character names for
The Unicode Standard, Version 10.0

This file may be changed at any time without notice to reflect errata or other updates to the Unicode Standard.
See http://www.unicode.org/errata/ for an up-to-date list of errata.

See http://www.unicode.org/charts/ for access to a complete list of the latest character code charts.
See http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/Unicode-10.0/ for charts showing only the characters added in Unicode 10.0.
See http://www.unicode.org/Public/10.0.0/charts/ for a complete archived file of character code charts for Unicode 10.0.

Disclaimer
These charts are provided as the online reference to the character contents of the Unicode Standard, Version 10.0 but do
not provide all the information needed to fully support individual scripts using the Unicode Standard. For a complete
understanding of the use of the characters contained in this file, please consult the appropriate sections of The Unicode
Standard, Version 10.0, online at http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode10.0.0/, as well as Unicode Standard Annexes
#9, #11, #14, #15, #24, #29, #31, #34, #38, #41, #42, #44, and #45, the other Unicode Technical Reports and Standards, and
the Unicode Character Database, which are available online.

See http://www.unicode.org/ucd/ and http://www.unicode.org/reports/

A thorough understanding of the information contained in these additional sources is required for a successful
implementation.

Fonts
The shapes of the reference glyphs used in these code charts are not prescriptive. Considerable variation is to be
expected in actual fonts. The particular fonts used in these charts were provided to the Unicode Consortium by a number
of different font designers, who own the rights to the fonts.

See http://www.unicode.org/charts/fonts.html for a list.

Terms of Use
You may freely use these code charts for personal or internal business uses only. You may not incorporate them either
wholly or in part into any product or publication, or otherwise distribute them without express written permission from
the Unicode Consortium. However, you may provide links to these charts.

The fonts and font data used in production of these code charts may NOT be extracted, or used in any other way in any
product or publication, without permission or license granted by the typeface owner(s).

The Unicode Consortium is not liable for errors or omissions in this file or the standard itself. Information on characters
added to the Unicode Standard since the publication of the most recent version of the Unicode Standard, as well as on
characters currently being considered for addition to the Unicode Standard can be found on the Unicode web site.

See http://www.unicode.org/pending/pending.html and http://www.unicode.org/alloc/Pipeline.html.

Copyright © 1991-2017 Unicode, Inc. All rights reserved.


0250 IPA Extensions 02AF

025 026 027 028 029 02A

0 ɐ ɠ ɰ ʀ ʐ ʠ
0250 0260 0270 0280 0290 02A0

1 ɑ ɡ ɱ ʁ ʑ ʡ
0251 0261 0271 0281 0291 02A1

2 ɒ ɢ ɲ ʂ ʒ ʢ
0252 0262 0272 0282 0292 02A2

3 ɓ ɣ ɳ ʃ ʓ ʣ
0253 0263 0273 0283 0293 02A3

4 ɔ ɤ ɴ ʄ ʔ ʤ
0254 0264 0274 0284 0294 02A4

5 ɕ ɥ ɵ ʅ ʕ ʥ
0255 0265 0275 0285 0295 02A5

6 ɖ ɦ ɶ ʆ ʖ ʦ
0256 0266 0276 0286 0296 02A6

7 ɗ ɧ ɷ ʇ ʗ ʧ
0257 0267 0277 0287 0297 02A7

8 ɘ ɨ ɸ ʈ ʘ ʨ
0258 0268 0278 0288 0298 02A8

9 ə ɩ ɹ ʉ ʙ ʩ
0259 0269 0279 0289 0299 02A9

A ɚ ɪ ɺ ʊ ʚ ʪ
025A 026A 027A 028A 029A 02AA

B ɛ ɫ ɻ ʋ ʛ ʫ
025B 026B 027B 028B 029B 02AB

C ɜ ɬ ɼ ʌ ʜ ʬ
025C 026C 027C 028C 029C 02AC

D ɝ ɭ ɽ ʍ ʝ ʭ
025D 026D 027D 028D 029D 02AD

E ɞ ɮ ɾ ʎ ʞ ʮ
025E 026E 027E 028E 029E 02AE

F ɟ ɯ ɿ ʏ ʟ ʯ
025F 026F 027F 028F 029F 02AF

The Unicode Standard 10.0, Copyright © 1991-2017 Unicode, Inc. All rights reserved.
0250 IPA Extensions 0269

IPA extensions 025B ɛ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN E


IPA includes basic Latin letters and a number of Latin or Greek = epsilon
letters from other blocks. • lower-mid front unrounded vowel
→ 00E6 æ  latin small letter ae • uppercase is 0190 Ɛ 
→ 00E7 ç  latin small letter c with cedilla → 03B5 ε  greek small letter epsilon
→ 00F0 ð  latin small letter eth
025C ɜ LATIN SMALL LETTER REVERSED OPEN E
• lower-mid central unrounded vowel
→ 00F8 ø  latin small letter o with stroke
• uppercase is A7AB Ɜ 
→ 0127 ħ  latin small letter h with stroke
025D ɝ LATIN SMALL LETTER REVERSED OPEN E WITH
→ 014B ŋ  latin small letter eng HOOK
→ 0153 œ  latin small ligature oe • rhotacized lower-mid central vowel
→ 03B2 β  greek small letter beta 025E ɞ LATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED REVERSED
→ 03B8 θ  greek small letter theta OPEN E
→ 03BB λ  greek small letter lamda = closed reversed epsilon
→ 03C7 χ  greek small letter chi • lower-mid central rounded vowel
0250 ɐ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED A 025F ɟ LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS J WITH STROKE
• low central unrounded vowel • voiced palatal stop
• uppercase is 2C6F Ɐ  • typographically a turned f, but better thought
0251 ɑ LATIN SMALL LETTER ALPHA of as a form of j
= latin small letter script a (1.0) • “gy” in Hungarian orthography
• low back unrounded vowel • also archaic phonetic for palatoalveolar affricate
• uppercase is 2C6D Ɑ  02A4 ʤ 
→ 03B1 α  greek small letter alpha 0260 ɠ LATIN SMALL LETTER G WITH HOOK
0252 ɒ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED ALPHA • implosive velar stop
• low back rounded vowel • uppercase is 0193 Ɠ 
• uppercase is 2C70 Ɒ  0261 ɡ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCRIPT G
→ AB64 ꭤ  latin small letter inverted alpha • voiced velar stop
0253 ɓ LATIN SMALL LETTER B WITH HOOK • uppercase is A7AC Ɡ 
• implosive bilabial stop → 0067 g  latin small letter g
• Pan-Nigerian alphabet 0262 ɢ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL G
• uppercase is 0181 Ɓ  • voiced uvular stop
0254 ɔ LATIN SMALL LETTER OPEN O 0263 ɣ LATIN SMALL LETTER GAMMA
• typographically a turned c • voiced velar fricative
• lower-mid back rounded vowel • uppercase is 0194 Ɣ 
• in older Danish usage “ɔ:” means “that is” → 03B3 γ  greek small letter gamma
• uppercase is 0186 Ɔ  0264 ɤ LATIN SMALL LETTER RAMS HORN
0255 ɕ LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CURL = latin small letter baby gamma (1.0)
• voiceless alveolo-palatal laminal fricative • upper-mid back unrounded vowel
• used in transcription of Mandarin Chinese 0265 ɥ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED H
• sound spelled with 015B ś  in Polish • voiced rounded palatal approximant
0256 ɖ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH TAIL • uppercase is A78D Ɥ 
= d retroflex hook 0266 ɦ LATIN SMALL LETTER H WITH HOOK
• voiced retroflex stop • breathy-voiced glottal fricative
• uppercase is 0189 Ɖ  • uppercase is A7AA Ɦ 
0257 ɗ LATIN SMALL LETTER D WITH HOOK • uppercase in Nawdm is 0124 Ĥ 
• implosive dental or alveolar stop → 02B1 ʱ  modifier letter small h with hook
• Ewe, Pan-Nigerian alphabet 0267 ɧ LATIN SMALL LETTER HENG WITH HOOK
• uppercase is 018A Ɗ  • voiceless coarticulated velar and palatoalveolar
fricative
0258 ɘ LATIN SMALL LETTER REVERSED E
• upper-mid central unrounded vowel • “sj” in some Swedish dialects
0259 ə LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA
0268 ɨ LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH STROKE
= barred i, i bar
• mid-central unrounded vowel • high central unrounded vowel
• uppercase is 018F Ə  • uppercase is 0197 Ɨ 
• variant uppercase form 018E Ǝ  is associated • ISO 6438 gives lowercase of 0197 as 026A, not
with 01DD ǝ  0268
→ 01DD ǝ  latin small letter turned e 0269 ɩ LATIN SMALL LETTER IOTA
→ 04D9 ә  cyrillic small letter schwa • semi-high front unrounded vowel
025A ɚ LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA WITH HOOK • obsoleted by IPA in 1989
• rhotacized schwa • preferred use is 026A ɪ  latin letter small capital i
• uppercase is 0196 Ɩ 
→ 03B9 ι  greek small letter iota

The Unicode Standard 10.0, Copyright © 1991-2017 Unicode, Inc. All rights reserved.
026A IPA Extensions 0288

026A ɪLATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL I 027B ɻ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED R WITH HOOK
• semi-high front unrounded vowel • voiced retroflex approximant
• preferred IPA alternate for 0269 ɩ  → 02B5 ʵ  modifier letter small turned r with
• uppercase is A7AE Ɪ  hook
• glyph should have top and bottom serifs even 027C ɼ LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH LONG LEG
in sans serif IPA font designs, to avoid • voiced strident apico-alveolar trill
confusion with lowercase l • obsoleted by IPA in 1989
026B ɫ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH MIDDLE TILDE • sound spelled with 0159 ř  in Czech
• velarized voiced alveolar lateral approximant • preferred phonetic representation for Czech is
• uppercase is 2C62 Ɫ  0072 r  031D $̝  
026C ɬ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH BELT • in current use in Gaelic types (as glyph variant
• voiceless alveolar lateral fricative of 0072 r )
• uppercase is A7AD Ɬ  027D ɽ LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH TAIL
026D ɭ LATIN SMALL LETTER L WITH RETROFLEX • voiced retroflex flap
HOOK • uppercase is 2C64 Ɽ 
• voiced retroflex lateral 027E ɾ LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH FISHHOOK
026E ɮ LATIN SMALL LETTER LEZH • voiced alveolar flap or tap
• voiced lateral fricative 027F ɿ LATIN SMALL LETTER REVERSED R WITH
• “dhl” in Zulu orthography FISHHOOK
026F ɯ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M = long leg turned iota (a misnomer)
• high back unrounded vowel • apical dental vowel
• uppercase is 019C Ɯ  • used by linguists working on Chinese and other
0270 ɰ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M WITH LONG Sino-Tibetan languages
LEG • IPA spelling - 007A z  0329 $̩  
• voiced velar approximant • preferred presentation is with a descender
0271 ɱ LATIN SMALL LETTER M WITH HOOK 0280 ʀ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL R
• voiced labiodental nasal • voiced uvular trill
• uppercase is 2C6E Ɱ  • Germanic, Old Norse
0272 ɲ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH LEFT HOOK • uppercase is 01A6 Ʀ 
• voiced palatal nasal 0281 ʁ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL INVERTED R
• uppercase is 019D Ɲ  • voiced uvular fricative or approximant
0273 ɳ LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH RETROFLEX → 02B6 ʶ  modifier letter small capital inverted r
HOOK 0282 ʂ LATIN SMALL LETTER S WITH HOOK
• voiced retroflex nasal • voiceless retroflex fricative
0274 ɴ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL N 0283 ʃ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH
• voiced uvular nasal • voiceless postalveolar fricative
0275 ɵ LATIN SMALL LETTER BARRED O • uppercase is 01A9 Ʃ 
= o bar → 222B ∫  integral
• rounded mid-central vowel, i.e. rounded schwa 0284 ʄ LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS J WITH STROKE
• uppercase is 019F Ɵ  AND HOOK
→ 03B8 θ  greek small letter theta • implosive palatal stop
→ 0473 ѳ  cyrillic small letter fita • typographically based on 025F ɟ , not on
→ 04E9 ө  cyrillic small letter barred o 0283 ʃ 
0276 ɶ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL OE 0285 ʅ LATIN SMALL LETTER SQUAT REVERSED ESH
• low front rounded vowel • apical retroflex vowel
→ 0153 œ  latin small ligature oe • used by linguists working on Chinese and other
0277 ɷ LATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED OMEGA Sino-Tibetan languages
• semi-high back rounded vowel • IPA spelling - 0290 ʐ  0329 $̩  
• obsoleted by IPA in 1989 • in origin 027F ɿ  plus the retroflex hook 0322 $̢  ,
• preferred use is 028A ʊ  latin small letter despite its name
upsilon • preferred presentation is with a descender
→ AB65 ꭥ  greek letter small capital omega 0286 ʆ LATIN SMALL LETTER ESH WITH CURL
0278 ɸ LATIN SMALL LETTER PHI • palatalized voiceless postalveolar fricative
• voiceless bilabial fricative • suggested spelling - 0283 ʃ  02B2 ʲ 
→ 03C6 φ  greek small letter phi 0287 ʇ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED T
0279 ɹ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED R • dental click (sound of “tsk tsk”)
• voiced alveolar approximant • uppercase is A7B1 Ʇ 
→ 02B4 ʴ  modifier letter small turned r → 01C0 ǀ  latin letter dental click
027A ɺ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED R WITH LONG 0288 ʈ LATIN SMALL LETTER T WITH RETROFLEX
LEG HOOK
• voiced lateral flap • voiceless retroflex stop
• uppercase is 01AE Ʈ 

The Unicode Standard 10.0, Copyright © 1991-2017 Unicode, Inc. All rights reserved.
0289 IPA Extensions 02AF

0289 ʉ LATIN SMALL LETTER U BAR 0298 ʘ LATIN LETTER BILABIAL CLICK
• high central rounded vowel = bullseye
• uppercase is 0244 Ʉ  → 2299 ⊙  circled dot operator
028A ʊ LATIN SMALL LETTER UPSILON 0299 ʙ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL B
• semi-high back rounded vowel • bilabial trill
• preferred IPA alternate to 0277 ɷ  029A ʚ LATIN SMALL LETTER CLOSED OPEN E
• uppercase is 01B1 Ʊ  = closed epsilon
→ 03C5 υ  greek small letter upsilon • lower-mid front rounded vowel
028B ʋ LATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH HOOK • non-IPA alternate for the preferred 0153 œ 
= latin small letter script v (1.0) 029B ʛ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL G WITH HOOK
• voiced labiodental approximant • voiced uvular implosive
• uppercase is 01B2 Ʋ  029C ʜ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL H
→ 03C5 υ  greek small letter upsilon • voiceless epiglottal fricative
028C ʌ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED V 029D ʝ LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH CROSSED-TAIL
= caret, wedge • voiced palatal fricative
• lower-mid back unrounded vowel • uppercase is A7B2 Ʝ 
• uppercase is 0245 Ʌ  029E ʞ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED K
→ 039B Λ  greek capital letter lamda • proposed for velar click
→ 2038 ‸  caret • uppercase is A7B0 Ʞ 
→ 2227 ∧  logical and • withdrawn by IPA in 1970
028D ʍ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED W 029F ʟ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL L
• voiceless rounded labiovelar approximant • velar lateral approximant
028E ʎ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED Y 02A0 ʠ LATIN SMALL LETTER Q WITH HOOK
• voiced lateral approximant • voiceless uvular implosive
028F ʏ LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL Y 02A1 ʡ LATIN LETTER GLOTTAL STOP WITH STROKE
• semi-high front rounded vowel • voiced epiglottal stop
0290 ʐ LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH RETROFLEX 02A2 ʢ LATIN LETTER REVERSED GLOTTAL STOP WITH
HOOK STROKE
• voiced retroflex fricative • voiced epiglottal fricative
0291 ʑ LATIN SMALL LETTER Z WITH CURL 02A3 ʣ LATIN SMALL LETTER DZ DIGRAPH
• voiced alveolo-palatal laminal fricative • voiced dental affricate
• sound spelled with 017A ź  in Polish 02A4 ʤ LATIN SMALL LETTER DEZH DIGRAPH
0292 ʒ LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH • voiced postalveolar affricate
= dram 02A5 ʥ LATIN SMALL LETTER DZ DIGRAPH WITH CURL
• voiced postalveolar fricative • voiced alveolo-palatal affricate
• mistakenly named yogh in Unicode 1.0 02A6 ʦ LATIN SMALL LETTER TS DIGRAPH
• uppercase is 01B7 Ʒ  • voiceless dental affricate
• Skolt Sami 02A7 ʧ LATIN SMALL LETTER TESH DIGRAPH
→ 021D ȝ  latin small letter yogh • voiceless postalveolar affricate
→ 04E1 ӡ  cyrillic small letter abkhasian dze 02A8 ʨ LATIN SMALL LETTER TC DIGRAPH WITH CURL
→ 2125 ℥  ounce sign • voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate
→ 1F772 🝲  alchemical symbol for half dram
0293 ʓ LATIN SMALL LETTER EZH WITH CURL IPA characters for disordered speech
• palatalized voiced postalveolar fricative 02A9 ʩ LATIN SMALL LETTER FENG DIGRAPH
0294 ʔ LATIN LETTER GLOTTAL STOP • velopharyngeal fricative
• this is a caseless letter 02AA ʪ LATIN SMALL LETTER LS DIGRAPH
• used in IPA, other phonetic notations, and • lateral alveolar fricative (lisp)
those orthographies which use a caseless 02AB ʫ LATIN SMALL LETTER LZ DIGRAPH
glottal stop • voiced lateral alveolar fricative
→ 0241 Ɂ  latin capital letter glottal stop 02AC ʬ LATIN LETTER BILABIAL PERCUSSIVE
→ 02C0 ˀ  modifier letter glottal stop • audible lip smack
0295 ʕ LATIN LETTER PHARYNGEAL VOICED FRICATIVE 02AD ʭ LATIN LETTER BIDENTAL PERCUSSIVE
= reversed glottal stop • audible teeth gnashing
• voiced pharyngeal fricative
Additions for Sinology
• ain
→ 01B9 ƹ  latin small letter ezh reversed 02AE ʮ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED H WITH
→ 02C1 ˁ  modifier letter reversed glottal stop FISHHOOK
0296 ʖ LATIN LETTER INVERTED GLOTTAL STOP 02AF ʯ LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED H WITH
FISHHOOK AND TAIL
• lateral click
→ 01C1 ǁ  latin letter lateral click
0297 ʗ LATIN LETTER STRETCHED C
• palatal (or alveolar) click
→ 01C3 ǃ  latin letter retroflex click
→ 2201 ∁  complement
The Unicode Standard 10.0, Copyright © 1991-2017 Unicode, Inc. All rights reserved.

Centres d'intérêt liés