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Design of Roof truss

Design Data:-

Plan length of the building l =


Plan depth of the building w =
Height of the building excluding pitched roof h =
Dead weight of AC sheets =
Dead weight of purlins,fixtures and false roofing system =
Span of the truss =
Height of the truss at center =
>
Spacing of trusses =
Degree of inclination
Live load on pitched roof (For pitched roof having slope 6.7 0 ) =
Distance between the nodal points(purlin locations) on top rafter =
Wind coefficients:-
k1 (risk coefficient assuming 50 years of design life) =
k2 (assuming terrain category 2) =
k3 = 1.0 (topography factor)
Basic wind speed Vb =
Internal wind pressure coefficient Cpi (Buildings with low permeability) =
Slope of the pitched roof in degrees =

Load Calculations:-

Dead Load of roof =

Dead load/m run on rafter =

Live Load =

Live load/m run on rafter =

Calculation of Wind Load:-

Assuming the building is situated in Vijayawada, the basic wind speed is =

Design wind speed, Vz = k1 k2 k3 Vb =

Design wind pressure, Pd = 0.6*Vz2 =

Wind Load on walls:-

The wind load, WL acting normal to the individual surfaces is given by

WL = (Cpe – Cpi ) A*Pd

Exposed area of the wall per frame normal to the wind direction, A =
Assuming buildings with low degree of permeability,the internal pressure coefficient C pi =

For the proposed building, h/w = 0.3065164924

l/w = 1.8769106999

From table 4 of IS 875--Part-3:1985,the external wind pressure coefficients are as given below:-

Wind angle Cpe Cpi (Cpe-Cpi) Total wind load in KN


in degrees Windward Leeward Windward Leeward Windward
0.7 -0.25 0.20 0.5 -0.45 20.91031
0
0.7 -0.25 -0.20 0.9 -0.05 37.63856
-0.5 -0.5 0.20 -0.7 -0.7 -29.27443
90
-0.5 -0.5 -0.20 -0.3 -0.3 -12.54619

Wind Load on Roofs:-

Exposed area of each slope of roof, per frame is

From table 5 of IS 875--Part-3:1985,the external wind pressure coefficients are as given below:-

Wind angle Cpe Cpi (Cpe-Cpi) Total wind load in KN


in degrees Windward Leeward Windward Leeward Windward
-0.88 -0.4 0.20 -1.08 -0.6 -97.08492
0
-0.88 -0.4 -0.20 -0.68 -0.2 -61.12754
-0.75 -0.6 0.20 -0.95 -0.8 -85.39877
90
-0.75 -0.6 -0.20 -0.55 -0.4 -49.44139

Concentrated loads on nodes :-

Dead load at intermediate node points = 7.57KN


(corresponding to purlin locations)

Superimposed load at intermediate node points = 9.14KN


(corresponding to purlin locations)

Wind load at intermediate node points on windward side = -19.42KN

Wind load at intermediate node points on leeward side = -14.38KN

Vertical component of wind load on windward side@ = -18.84KN


intermediate nodal points

Vertical component of wind load on leeward side@ = -13.95KN


intermediate nodal points

Vertical component of wind load @ at ridge = -16.40KN

Horizontal component of wind load on windward side@ = -4.70KN


intermediate nodal points

Horizontal component of wind load on leeward side@ = -3.48KN


intermediate nodal points
Horizontal component of wind load @ at ridge = -4.09KN

Load combinations :-

i) 1.5DL + 1.5LL

Vertical load windward = 25.07KN

Vertical load leeward = 25.07KN

Vertical load at ridge = 25.07KN

ii) 1.5DL + 1.5LL+1.05WL

Vertical load windward = 5.28KN

Vertical load leeward = 10.42KN

Vertical load at ridge = 7.85KN

Horizontal load windward = -4.70KN

Horizontal load leeward = -3.48KN

Horizontal load at ridge = -0.61KN

The results of analysis using STADD.Pro.2007 are as given below :-


Member Location Force(Case-II) Nature of force
in KN

1--9 Top chord 26.40 Tension


9--7 Top chord 18.00 Tension
7--10 Top chord 17.70 Tension
10--5 Top chord 27.90 Tension
1--2 Bottom chord 1.09 Tension
2--3 Bottom chord 1.11 Tension
3--4 Bottom chord 1.08 Compression
4--5 Bottom chord 1.12 Compression
9--2 Verticals 0.52 Compression
7--3 Verticals 6.49 Compression
10--4 Verticals 0.50 Compression
9--3 Diagonals 7.09 Tension
10--3 Diagonals 9.41 Tension
23.33m
12.43m
3.81m
0.17KN/sqm
0.45KN/sqm
16.00m
1.75m
1.33m 0.116667
7.62m
6.70deg
0.75KN/sqm
2.00m

1.00
0.98
1.00
50.00m/sec
0.20
14

0.62KN/sqm

4.732KN/m

0.75KN/sqm

5.715KN/m

50.00m/sec

49.00m/sec

1.44KN/sqm

29.03sqm
0.20

Total wind load in KN


Leeward
-18.8192781
-2.0910309
-29.2744326
-12.5461854

62.40sqm

Total wind load in KN


Leeward
-53.936064
-17.978688
-71.914752
-35.957376
12.535

(Windward side)