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Title of project

The cost analysis of rearing 100 broiler birds for a duration time of six weeks using starter ration
versus grower ration.
Aim
To determine if a profit will be made during a six-week period by rearing broilers using the
grower ration as compared to the broiler grower ration.
Experimental design
102 broiler birds were purchased by the researcher and 51 chicks were reared using the broiler
grower ration and the other 51 were reared using the broiler grower ration for a duration time of
six weeks. The pen was divided into two halves and labeled grower and starter respectively.
Some of the equipment and their uses are tabulated below that were used to carry out this project
are as follows

Name of equipment Uses

Waterers Used to provide chicks with a fresh supply of


water daily
Feed cans Used to feed chicks.
Electrical bulb Used to supply chicks with additional heat
Spade Used to pick up wet chicken litter material.
Wheel barrow Used for loading wet litter material and
transporting it to the farm to make compost
Disinfectant Used to wash pen so that chicks will not be
infected with any disease
Broiler starter ration and broiler grower ration These were used to feed chicks

Broiler birds 102 of these were purchased by the researcher


and 51 were reared both for a duration time of
six weeks using broiler grower ration versus
broiler starter ration.
Softwood Shavings This was spreaded on the concrete floor of the
pen so as to keep the floor moist.
Brooder A brooder was constructed so as to provide
chicks with adequate heat they heat.
Activities
The pen was cleaned and disinfected on the 24th May 2017 just 1 day before chicks were bought
in and this was done to ensure that the baby chicks will not be infected with any diseases from
inside of the pen.

The chicks were checked daily, and the waterers were emptied, washed and refilled daily with
fresh water while the feed cans were refilled with appropriate ration

A suitable area of the pen was selected for the construction of the brooding area as it is necessary
to provide chicks with warmth because their feathers are young, and it cannot provide them with
enough heat /warmth.

The softwood shaving was spread at an equal height in the pen. The chicken litter was cleared on
a regular basis so that the chicks could have a healthy and clean environment which would
minimize the risk of disease contamination. Litter material was filled in bags and transported to
crop farm to be used as pen manure (organic manure). Whenever dead chicks were found they
were disposed of in a proper manner and it was then reported to the subject teacher. On the 6th
July ,2017 fully grown chicks were sold at a price of $190 /lb.

Research Methodology
1. The pen was washed with disinfectant one day before chicks arrive.
2. 102 chicks were purchased, 2 extra chicks were purchased so as to Cather for any loses.
3. Chicks were fed appropriate feed and given a fresh supply of water
4. A suitable area of the pen was selected, and the brooding area was constructed.
5. The chicken litter was changed at the end of two weeks
6. The chicken litter was transported and used on the chicken farm as organic manure
7. When entering the pen, a pair of long booths was worn by researcher.
8. Water cans were washed every day
9. At the end of six-week period the total weight of the chicks that were reared using both
rations were weighted and recorded
10. Chicks were sold in bulk
11. The income was calculated.
12. The profit that was made was calculated by using the formula:
Profit = income – expenditure.
Complete budget.

Projected income and Expenditure.

Projected Expenditure
Items Unit Cost Quantity Total
Chicks 170 102 17,340
Starter 5300 5 26,500
Grower 5500 5 27500
Disinfectant 360 1 360
Labour 500/wk. 6wks 3000
Total $ 74,700

Projected Income
Items Quantity sold Weight Cost/lb. Total
Chickens 95 560 180 $100 800

Projected surplus = Projected income – projected expenditure

= $100800-$74700

= $26 ,100.

Actual income and Expenditure.

Actual expenditure

Items Unit cost quantity Total


Chicks 170 102 17340
Starter 5000 5 25000
Grower 5000 5 25000
Detergent 360 1 360
Total $ 67,700
Actual income

Items Unit cost ($/lbs.) Quantity Sold Weight (lbs.) Total


Chicks 280 93 560 $156 800

Actual surplus = Actual income – Actual Expenditure

= $ 156, 800 - $ 67,700

= $ 79 ,100
Analysis of Budget
Upon comparing the projected expenditure $ 74,700 and the actual expenditure. What showed
was that the projected expenditure was higher than the actual expenditure. There was a decrease
of $3000. This was so because there was an expense for labour in the projected expenditure and
so this expense was not incurred while conducting this project because the students carried out
the necessary activities.
When comparing the projected income $100800 and the actual income $156800.what was shown
here was that the actual income was higher than the projected income which is beneficial.