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1|LM 56A

Requisites of a Judicial Inquiry


1. Actual case or controversy
a. Moot and academic principle, David v. Macapagal-Arroyo May 3, 2006
2. Proper party
a. Oposa v. Factoran 224 SCRA 792 #1
b. Taxpayers suit; Mamba v. Lara December 14, 2009 #2
c. Transcendental importance; Senate v. Ermita July 3 2007
3. Earliest opportunity
4. Necessity of deciding constitutional questions
Unconstitutionality
Operative fact doctrine
1. Planters v. Fertphil Corporation March 14, 2005
2. LCP v. COMELEC August 24, 2010
Partial unconstitutionality
1. Macalintal v. COMELEC 405 SCRA 614
2. Flores v. COMELEC 184 SCRA 484
Fundamental Powers of the State
Similarities/ Differences/ Limitations
Police Power
Tests of Police Power
a. Lawful subject
i. Taxicab Operators v. BOT 119 SCRA 597 #2
ii. Lozano v. Martinez 146 SCRA 323
iii. Tio v. VRB 151 SCRA 208 #3
iv. Ople v. Torres 293 SCRA 141
v. KMU v. Director General of NEDA April 19 2006
b. Lawful means
White Light Corporation v. City of Manila 576 SCRA 416
DIsini v. Executive Secretary February 18 2014
i. Strict scrutiny
ii. Rational basis standard
iii. Heightened or immediate scrutiny
iv. Overbreadth doctrine
v. Void for vagueness doctrine
2|LM 56A

Imbong v. Ochoa April 8 2014

vi. Facial Challenge


Eminent Domain
Who may exercise? ; Destruction v. Necessity ; Necessity of Exercise
Taking; Requisites of taking: Republic v. Castelvi 58 SCRA 336 #4
Public use; Just Compensation Knecht v. CA 297 SCRA 754
Taxation
Lung Center of the Philippines v. QC June 29 2004 #5

Due Process of Law


Substantive Due Process
Ichong v. Hernandez 101 Phil 1155
Procedural Due Process
Judicial Due Process
A. Impartial Court
a. Javier v. COMELEC 144 SCRA 194
B. Jurisdiction
C. Hearing
Nuisance per se v. nuisance per accidens
Gancayco v. City Government of Quezon City October 11, 2011
D. Judgment
Equal Protection
Classification; requirements
a. Substantial Distinctions
PASE v. Drilon 163 SCRA 386; ISAE v. Quisumbing 333 SCRA 13 #6
DECS v. San Diego 180 SCRA 533 #7; Quinto v. Comelec February 22, 2010; Appointive v.
Elected ; Biraogo v. PTC December 10 2010 #8
b. Relevance to purposes of law
c. Duration
d. Applicability of all