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CONSTRUCTION

ESTIMATING
MODULE 1

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Safety, Health & Environment

Emergency Exits

Fire Extinguishers

Assembling area

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The price of bread

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The price of bread
Ingredients: Cover and let rise in a warm place
until doubled, about 1-1/2 hours.
Half teaspoon active dry yeast
1/4 cup warm water (110° to 115°) Punch dough down. Turn onto a
lightly floured surface; divide dough
Three tablespoons sugar
in half. Shape each into a loaf. Place
One tablespoon salt
in two greased 9x5-in. loaf pans.
Two tablespoons canola oil
Cover and let rise until doubled,
3/4 cup all-purpose flour
about 30-45 minutes. Bake at 375°
for 30-35 minutes or until golden
Method / Procedure: brown and bread sounds hollow
In a large bowl, dissolve yeast in warm when tapped. Remove from pans to
water. Add the sugar, salt, oil and 3 wire racks to cool. Yield: 2 loaves
cups flour. Beat until smooth. Stir in (16 slices each).
enough remaining flour, 1/2 cup at a
time, to form a soft dough. Turn onto a
floured surface; knead until smooth and http://www.woolworths.co.za/store/cat/F
elastic, about 8-10 minutes. Place in a ood/Food/
greased bowl, turning once to grease
the top.
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The price of bread

A recipe will help to bake bread but it is also an art

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Participation check

The benefit of the next two days to you also


depends on you.
Presenter Audience

Sender Receiver

My objectives Your expectations

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Quick introduction

Please provide your name.

Elaborate on your daily responsibilities in your work


environment….

Why do you attend this course?

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Documents as basis

• Guide to Elemental Cost Estimating & Analysis for Building Works

• Standard System of Measuring Building Work

• The Joint Building Contracts Committee (JBCC) Principal Building


Agreement

• Method of measuring floor areas in buildings (SAPOA)

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Purposes of estimating

• What is the purpose of your estimate?


• m² Rate for your cousin’s holiday home?
• Assisting your Client with an investment decision?
• Pricing a tender document ?
• Determine the value of a cost variation?
• Calculating professional fees?
• Fixing a budget for your new project
• Etc …….
The level of information and the estimating method for
each of the above purposes will differ.

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Who needs cost information?

• Client (Developer)
• Project Manager
• Architect
• Engineer
• Quantity Surveyor
• Property buyer
• Tenant
• Contractor

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When do we do estimates?
Contractor QS Firm
Inception Inception

Concept & Viability Concept & Viability

Design Development Design Development

Documentation & Documentation &


Procurement Procurement

Construction Construction

Close-out Close - Out


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Different types of estimates

• Rate per m² estimate (1)


Area estimate (1)
Order of magnitude Estimate. (1)

• Elemental estimate done by a QS firm for a Client (2)


• Elemental estimate for your own development (2)

• Estimating while pricing a BoQ for tendering purposes (3)

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Order of Magnitude (Type 1)
• Make use of unit rates for the specific structure / type of
building
• High level
• Rate varies based on building type / structure type / capacity
• You must have a database to work from
• You will need the following information for this type of
estimate:
o Sketch plans
o Floor to floor height & No. of storeys
o Type of structure / Capacity requirements
o Accommodation requirements
o Relevant unit rates (m², key, bed, person, seat, bay,
volume)

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How to do a high level estimate
o Visit the site
o Measure the floor areas of the layouts you received
o Make logical assumptions where information is
outstanding
o Allow for what you know should be part of the
structure
o Apply the unit rate from your database / previous
similar estimates to the applicable unit for the
building / structure you are doing the estimate for.
o Make logical adjustments where the building /
structure differs from that in your data base. (Floor to
floor height, special foundations, location etc)
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Typical sketch plan

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Typical sketch plan

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Floor to floor heights

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Accommodation Schedule
GLA= Gross Lettable Area
GBA= Gross Building Area
GCA = Gross Construction Area

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Elemental Estimate (Type 2)
formwork, convrete, rebar
• What information do you need?
o Floor layouts, Sections and Elevations
o Finishing schedules
o Budgets from engineers for specialist trades
o Allowances from Engineers for structural elements
o Elemental Quantities based on your measurements
o Rates from similar projects for trade items

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Elemental Estimate (Type 2)
• How to use the information you have received
o Review all information received and issue query sheets
o Measure elemental quantities from drawings received
o Get budget quotations for specialist items
o Allow for escalation based on tender- & construction
programme
o Query contradictions on drawings and schedules
o Measure provisional amounts where items are indicated but
allowances specified
not specified.
o Allow for unknowns
o Make logical assumptions based on similar projects where no
information is available

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Pricing a tender (Type 3)

• Pricing bills of quantities as Estimator for a


Contractor
o Very detailed – Items priced in trades
o Rates for items vary based on numerous factors. The
biggest part of each rate will be based on facts but
some assumptions will still have to be made.
o Prices must be calculated for the specific project, on
a specific site during a specific period based on
specific design information

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Pricing a tender (Type 3)

• What information do you need?


o Un-priced Bills of quantities based on a set of
drawings
o Architect’s drawings and schedules
o Structural drawings
o Project specifications
o Know where the site is

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Pricing a tender (Type 3)
• How to use the information you have received
o Review all information received and issue query sheets (see standard
query sheet template)
o Get quotations from specialist contractors (Lifts, Air Conditioning etc)
o Allow for escalation / inflation based on tender- & construction
programme
o Make very sure of the type of contract being used (JBCC, GCC, NEC,
FIDIC)
o Check for changes to standard contract terms (Preliminaries)
o Ensure you use the latest rates for the specific region
o Query items on drawings but not in Bills of Quantities and visa versa
o Take note of relevant clauses in Model Preambles for trades
o Take note of the relevant SABS clauses
o Do spot check measurements
o Price the tender as measured in the BoQ
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Visit the site ……

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….. to prevent costly surprises

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Ask for more information

•Electrical Estimate
•Mechanical Estimate
•Structural allowances
•Geotechnical conditions
•Use information from previous similar
projects

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Provide a RFI / Query list

You have received drawings and photographs


from your client to provide a cost plan / estimate
for the construction of a new shop at an existing
shopping centre.

Study the information you have received and


provide the client with a RFI (Request for
Information) indicating additional information
you need in order to produce the cost plan.

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THANK YOU
©2017 Copyright Alusani Skills & Training Network®. All Rights Reserved.

Len Holder
Tel: 011 447 7470
Web: www.alusani.co.za

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