Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 22

Rigid Pavement Mechanics

Dowel Bars
Allowable Bearing Stress
ACI Empirical Equation

 4d  
fb    fc
 3 

f b  allowable bearing stress


f c  concrete compressive strength
d  dowel bar diameter (in)
4
Bar Deformation Under Load

5
Bar Deformation Under Load
Freberg (1940)

Pc  2   z 
yo 
4  Ed I d
3

Pc  load on the critical dowel bar


  relative dowel concrete stiffness
z  maximum joint opening (0.25 in)
6
Actual Bearing Stress
Freberg (1940)

Kd d 4
4 Id 
4 Ed I d 64

Ed  elastic modulus of the dowel


I d  moment of inertia of the dowel
d  bar diameter
7
Bearing Stress Under Load
Freberg (1940)

KPc  2   z t
 b  Kyo 
4  Ed I d
3

K  modulus of dowel support


 300  1500 ksi/in 
8
Modulus of Dowel Support
Freberg (1940)

4
K  K 
 
 
1

b  3
K
 4 EI  d
4
3  4 EI   4 K
4  Ed I d  Kd  3 4 3
 K  4 EI
4   
 4 EI   4 EI 

b  K 4

9
Dowel Spacing

Pt

Pc

1.8

10
Load Transfer

P
Assumes 100% efficiency

P/2 P/2

12
Load Transfer

P/2
P
Assumes 100% efficiency

P/2

13
Load Transfer

P
Assumes 90% efficiency

0.55P 0.45P

14
Load Transfer

0.45P
P
Assumes 90% efficiency

0.45P

15
Example

Find the required dowel bar size for contraction


joints in a 10" concrete slab resting on a subgrade
material with a 200 psi/in modulus of subgrade
reaction. The design load is a 9,000-lb dual wheel
load centered 6" from the slab edge. Assume a 12"
dowel spacing.

16
Example

EC h 3
 3, 000, 000 psi  1000 in3 
 4 4  33.6 in
12 1  2  k 12  0.9775  200 psi / in 


1.8  60 in

17
Example

4050 lb

60"

0.6Pt 0.4Pt 0.2Pt


1.0Pt 0.8Pt

3.0Pt = 4050 lb
18
Example

Assumptions

d = 1 in (Trial 1)
K = 1500 ksi/in
E = 30,000 ksi
z = 0.25 in

19
Multiple Wheel Loads

4050# 4050#

84"

20
Dowel Spacing (Updated)

Pt

Pc

1.0

21
Dowel Spacing (Updated)

4050# 4050#

84"

22
PCA Heuristics
Often, dowel bars are sized and spaced using heuristics.

AASHO originally recommended dowel diameters 1/8th the


slab thickness, which is 1" for an 8" slab, 1.25" for a 10"
slab, and 1.5" for a 12" slab.

PCA recommends using 1.25″ dowel bars for slabs up to


10″ thick and 1.5″ bars for slabs over 10″ thick. A common
size is 1.5″ by 18″ or 20″ long. The most common spacing
is 12″ center-to-center, but alternatives exist.

23
Alternative Dowel Spacing

24
Alternative Dowel Spacing

25