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# 1.

## Discuss the essential functions of operations management with an example

2. List out and explain factors to be considered for increasing of
productivity
3. Write a short notes on production systems with an examples
4. List out factors affecting forecasting

5. Solve the problem through simple moving average and find mean absolute deviation,
mean square error, mean forecast error and mean absolute percentage error for the
following problem

Time
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
(Months)
Demand 94 99 86 122 89 95 74 77 105 103 88 82

6. Estimate the Total production cost by using Hiring and Firing Strategy with the
following details Inventory holding cost is Rs 5/unit/month, sub contracting cost
is Rs 10/unit, average pay rate is Rs 5/hr ( 40/day), over time pay rate is is Rs
7/hr ( above 8 hr/ day), labour hours to produce a unit is 1.6hr/unit, cost of
increasing daily production rate is (hiring and training) is Rs 300/unit and cost of
decreasing daily production rate (layoff) is Rs 600/unit

## JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN

Demand Forecast 900 700 800 1200 1500 1100
Working Days 22 18 21 21 22 20

## 7. Discuss about Scheduling and Line balancing

8. Solve the following problem by using RPW method the production
demand is 24 completed assembles for shift and find out the efficiency
of the system

Precedence
Activity Duration Weightage
activity
1 - 5 45
2 1 10 28
3 1 8 25
4 2,3 7 13
5 2 5 11
6 3 4 10
7 4,5,6 6 6
9. Solve the below problem by using FCFS,EDD,CR and STR and find out the
operational completion time, average flow time, average number of jobs in the
system and average number of jobs are tardy

1 A 12 52
2 B 16 37
3 C 8 28
4 D 20 57
5 E 6 31

## 10. State inspection and its types with an examples

11. The following data shows the values of sample mean X bar and the range R for
10 samples of size 5 each. Calculate the values for central line and control limits
for mean chart and range chart and determine whether the process is under
control.
( for sample size n=5 A2=0.58 D3=0 D4=2.11)

S. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
X bar 11.2 11.8 10.8 11.6 11 9.6 10.4 9.6 10.6 10.0
R 7 4 8 5 7 4 8 4 7 9

12. Construct an Operating Characteristic curve for n= 70, c=2 and c=4

## 13. Distinguish between management, production management and opeartions

management
14. Historical development of operations management
15. Discuss about Project, jobshop, batch, mass and continuous production
system with examples

## 16. Purpose of aggregate planning with objectives

17. Solve the problem through double moving average and find mean absolute
deviation, mean square error, mean forecast error and mean absolute
percentage error for the following problem

Time
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
(Months)
Demand 95 100 87 123 90 96 75 78 106 104 89 83
18. Estimate the Total production cost by using Constant work force strategy
with the following details Inventory holding cost is Rs 5/unit/month, sub
contracting cost is Rs 10/unit, average pay rate is Rs 5/hr ( 40/day), over
time pay rate is is Rs 7/hr ( above 8 hr/ day), labour hours to produce a unit
is 1.6hr/unit, cost of increasing daily production rate is (hiring and training) is
Rs 300/unit and cost of decreasing daily production rate (layoff) is Rs
600/unit

## JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN

Demand Forecast 900 700 800 1200 1500 1100
Working Days 22 18 21 21 22 20

## 19. Objectives and benefits of scheduling

20. Balance the line for the following The Line operates for 8 hours per days and
an output of 20 units per day is desired.Draw the Precedence diagram and
Calculate (1) No. of late jobs (2) Cycle Time (3)Theoretical Number of Work
Stations required (4) Balance Efficiency

## Task Operation Predecessors Task Operation Predecessors

Time Time
(in Mins) (in Mins)
1 5 Nil 5 9 4
2 5.2 1 6 4 3
3 7.5 2 7 9 Nil
4 6.5 2 8 9 5, 6, 7

21. What is the purpose of Gantt chart and solve the 2-Machine and n-Jobs
problem by using Johnson’s Algorithm
Job 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
T1 5 2 1 7 6 3 7 5
T2 2 6 2 5 6 7 2 1

## 22. Differentiate between variables and attributes in SQC

23. A production manager at a light bulb plant has inspected the number of
defective light bulbs in 10 random samples with 30 observations each.
Following are the numbers of defective light bulbs found: Construct an
appropriate chart and check whether process is control or not
Sample Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Number of
1 3 3 0 5 1 1 1 1 1
Defectives

## 25. List out various managerial functions with an example

26. Principles of material handling equipments with examples
27. Write a short notes on product, process, fixed position and
cellular layouts with an examples
28. Listout Qualitative and Quantitative forecasting methods
29. Solve the problem through simple moving average and find mean absolute deviation,
mean square error, mean forecast error and mean absolute percentage error for the
following problem
Time
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
(Months)
Demand 94 99 86 122 89 95 74 77 105 103 88 82

30. Estimate the Total production cost by using Sub Contracting strategy with
the following details Inventory holding cost is Rs 5/unit/month, sub
contracting cost is Rs 10/unit, average pay rate is Rs 5/hr ( 40/day), over
time pay rate is is Rs 7/hr ( above 8 hr/ day), labour hours to produce a unit
is 1.6hr/unit, cost of increasing daily production rate is (hiring and training) is
Rs 300/unit and cost of decreasing daily production rate (layoff) is Rs
600/unit

## JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN

Demand Forecast 900 700 800 1200 1500 1100
Working Days 22 18 21 21 22 20

## 31. List out Single machine scheduling techniques

32. Describe Line Balancing and solve the below problem by using Rank
Positional Weight (RPW) method with production demand is 24
completed assemblies for shift Construct Network Diagram and find
Cycle time, no of work stations, Delay of balance and Balancing
Efficiency
Activity Precedence Duration
1 - 11
2 1 17
3 2 9
4 2 5
5 3 8
6 3,4 12
7 5 10
8 6 3
9 7,8 11

33. Jobs have to be processed on 5 machines I, II, III, IV, V in the order I→II→III→IV→V.
Processing times in minutes are given below. Determine the sequence that will
minimize the elapsed time or cycle time. Also find the idle time in each machine.

Machines
I II III IV V
Jobs

1 11 14 17 10 19
2 12 14 16 13 17
3 17 12 11 15 19
4 16 16 12 12 21
5 14 16 10 11 19
6 15 14 13 16 26

## 34. Differentiate between producer risk and consumer risk

35. Beta electronic company manufacturer’s resistors on mass production basis. At some
intermediate point of production line, 10 samples of size 100 each have been taken.
Resistors within each sample were classified into good or bad. The related data are
given in the following table. Construct a P-chart with 3-sigma limit and comment on
the process

Sample
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Number
No of
Defective 12 15 20 14 9 20 15 10 9 8
Resistors

## 37. Distinguish between product and productivity

38. Factors affecting choice of material handling equipments
39. Provide short notes on CRAFT, ALDEP and CORELAP

## 40. Differentiate between pure strategy and mixed strategy in aggregate

planning

41. Estimate the future demand in 2019, 2020 and 2025 through linear
regression method for the following details
S.No 1 2 3 4 5
Year 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018
Sales 75 84 92 98 88

42. Estimate the future demand through single exponential smoothing for the
2019,2020,2021 with the following details
S.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Year 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Sales 5 5.6 6.7 5.8 6.9 5.1 8.1

## 43. List out two machines scheduling techniques

44. Describe Line Balancing and solve the below problem by using COMSOL method with
production demand is 24 completed assembles for shift.
Activity Precedence Duration
1 - 5
2 1 3
3 1 7
4 1 5
5 3 6
6 3,4 3
7 2 4
8 5,6 6
9 4 12
10 7,8,9 9

45. Find total time elapsed, idle time & Gantt chart for the following data
Job Machines
1 2 3 4 5
1 14 16 10 11 19
2 12 14 16 13 17
3 16 16 12 12 21
4 17 12 11 15 19
5 15 14 13 16 26
6 11 14 17 10 19

46. Applications of variables and attributes charts with control limit formulas

47. A finishing process packages assemblies into boxes. You have noticed variability in
the boxes and desire to improve the process to fix the problem because some
products fit too tightly into the Boxes and others fit too loosely. In the text are width
measurements for the boxes. Using X-bar and R charts plot and interpret The
process.

## Sample Diameter of balls

No X1 X2 X3 X4
1 68.46 68.41 68.39 68.42
2 68.41 68.40 68.42 68.40
3 68.39 68.38 68.41 68.40
4 68.42 68.39 68.41 68.40
5 68.37 68.40 68.41 68.40
6 68.40 68.40 68.40 68.41
7 68.38 68.41 68.46 68.40
8 68.40 68.40 68.42 68.42
9 68.41 68.42 68.42 68.41
10 68.39 68.37 68.40 68.39
11 68.41 68.39 68.40 68.39
12 68.41 68.41 68.46 68.42