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Southern Luzon State University

College of Engineering

Mechanical Engineering Department

Lucban, Quezon

Assignment
In Refrigeration System
Multi-pressure System

Submitted by:

Mikesell, Nicole O.

BSME IV-GO

Submitted to:

Engr. Efren Daya

Instructor

April 18, 2018


1. In an ammonia refrigeration system, the capacity is 210 kW at a temperature of -20℃. The
vapor from the evaporator is pumped by one compressor to the condensing pressure of 1431
kPa. Later, the system was revised to a two-stage compression operating on the cycle shown
below with intercooling but no removal of flash at 555 kPa.

(a) Calculate the power required by the single compressor in the original system.

(b) Calculate the total power required by the two compressors in the revised system.

Solution:

(a) Calculate the power required by the single compressor in the original system.

37C

-20C

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From the Table of R717-Ammonia:

h1 = hg @ -20℃ (190.74 kPa) = 1437.23 kJ/kg

h3 = hf @ 37℃ (1431.5 kPa) = 375.851 kJ/kg

From Mollier Diagram of R717-Ammonia:

h2 = h at 1431.5 kPa and s2 equal to s1 = 1742 kJ/kg

To solve for the mass flow rate of the refrigerant

Qe = m (h1 - h3)

𝑄𝑒
m1 =
ℎ1 −ℎ3

210 𝑘𝐽/𝑠
m1 = 𝑘𝐽
1437.23 −375.851 𝑘𝐽/𝑘𝑔
𝑘𝑔

m1 = 0.198 kg/s

Solving for the Compressor Work

Wc1 = m1 (h2 – h1)

Wc1 = 0.198 kg/s (1742 kJ/kg – 1437.23 kJ/kg)

Wc1 = 60.34 kW

(b) Calculate the total power required by the two compressors in the revised system.

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From the Table of R717-Ammonia:

h1 = hg @ -20℃ (190.74 kPa) = 1437.23 kJ/kg

h3 = hg @ 7℃ (555 kPa) = 1468.78 kJ/kg

h5 = h6= h7 = hf @ 37℃ (1431 kPa) = 375.851 kJ/kg

From Mollier Diagram of R717-Ammonia:

h2 = h at 555 kPa and s2 equal to s1 = 1581 kJ/kg

h4 = h at 1431.5 kPa and s2 equal to s1 = 1600 kJ/kg

To solve for the mass flow rate of the refrigerant

Qe = m (h1 - h3)

𝑄𝑒
m1 =
ℎ1 −ℎ3

210 𝑘𝐽/𝑠
m1 = 𝑘𝐽
1437.23 −375.851 𝑘𝐽/𝑘𝑔
𝑘𝑔

m1 = 0.198 kg/s
m3

m6 m2
m1 = m 2

m3h3 = m6h6 + m2h2 ; m3 = m2 + m6

(0.198 kg/s + m6)(1468.78 kJ/kg) = (m6) (375.851 kJ/kg) + (0.198 kg/s) (1581 kJ/kg)
𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝐽
(0.198 )(1581 )−290.81844
𝑠 𝑘𝑔
m6 = 𝑘𝐽
1468.78 −375.851 𝑘𝐽/𝑘𝑔
𝑘𝑔

m6 = 0.0203 kg/s

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m3 = m2 + m6 = 0.198 kg/s + 0.0203 kg/s

m3 = 0.2183 kg/s

Solving for the Compressor Work

Wc2 = m1 (h2 – h1) + m3 (h4 – h3)

Wc2 = (0.198 kg/s) (1581 kJ/kg – 1437.23 kJ/kg) + (0.2183 kg/s) (1600 kJ/kg – 1468.78
kJ/kg)

Wc2 = 57.112 kW

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2. An ammonia refrigeration system has a capacity of 210 kW at an evaporating temperature of
-20℃ when the condensing pressure is 1431 kPa.

(a) Compute the power requirement for a system with a single compressor.

(b) Compute the total power required by the two compressors in the system shown
below where there is no intercooling but there is a flash-gas removal.

Solution:

(a) Compute the power requirement for a system with a single compressor.

37C

-20C

6|Page
From the Table of R717-Ammonia:

h1 = hg @ -20℃ (190.74 kPa) = 1437.23 kJ/kg

h3 = hf @ 37℃ (1431.5 kPa) = 375.851 kJ/kg

From Mollier Diagram of R717-Ammonia:

h2 = h at 1431.5 kPa and s2 equal to s1 = 1742 kJ/kg

To solve for the mass flow rate of the refrigerant

Qe = m (h1 - h3)

𝑄𝑒
m1 =
ℎ1 −ℎ3

210 𝑘𝐽/𝑠
m1 = 𝑘𝐽
1437.23 −375.851 𝑘𝐽/𝑘𝑔
𝑘𝑔

m1 = 0.198 kg/s

Solving for the Compressor Work

Wc1 = m1 (h2 – h1)

Wc1 = 0.198 kg/s (1742 kJ/kg – 1437.23 kJ/kg)

Wc1 = 60.34 kW

(b) Compute the total power required by the two compressors in the system shown
below where there is no intercooling but there is a flash-gas removal.

5 1431 kpa 4
2

7 6 555 kpa 3

190.74 kpa
8 1

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From the Table of R717-Ammonia:

h1 = hg @ -20℃ (190.74 kPa) = 1437.23 kJ/kg

h3 = hg @ 7℃ (555 kPa) = 1468.78 kJ/kg

h5 = h6 = hf @ 37℃ (1431 kPa) = 375.851 kJ/kg

h7 = h8 = hf @ 7℃ ( 555 kPa) = 232.503 kJ/kg

From Mollier Diagram of R717-Ammonia:

h2 = h at 555 kPa and s2 equal to s1 = 1742 kJ/kg

h4 = h at 1431.5 kPa and s2 equal to s1 = 1600 kJ/kg

To solve for the mass flow rate of the refrigerant

Qe = m1 (h1 - h3)

𝑄𝑒
m1 =
ℎ1 −ℎ8

210 𝑘𝐽/𝑠
m1 = 𝑘𝐽
1437.23 −232.503 𝑘𝐽/𝑘𝑔
𝑘𝑔

m1 = 0.174 kg/s

m3

m1 = m7
m6

m7

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By mass and energy balance:

m6h6 = m3h3 + m7h7 ; m6 = m3 + m7

(0.174 kg/s + m3)(375.851 kJ/kg) = (m3) (1468.78 kJ/kg) + (0.174 kg/s) (232.503 kJ/kg)

𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝐽
(0.174 𝑠 )(232.503 𝑘𝑔)−65.398074
m6 = 𝑘𝐽 𝑘𝐽
375.851 − 1468.78
𝑘𝑔 𝑘𝑔

m6 = 0.02282 kg/s = m3

Solving for the Compressor Work

Wc2 = m1 (h2 – h1) + m3 (h4 – h3)

Wc2 = (0.174 kg/s) (1742 kJ/kg – 1437.23 kJ/kg) + (0.02282

Wc2 = 56.0244 kW

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