0 vues

Transféré par VIVEK K

coin sorting using image processing report format and ieee papers

- 1-s2.0-S0045790613000839-main
- MC0086-MQP
- iris 1
- Chapter 9
- 10.1.1.140
- UiTM Infoday Presentation Demo
- 1-s2.0-S0167865507002930-main
- IRJET-Edge Detection using Deep Learning
- [IJCST-V6I4P3]:M Punitha, K.Perumal
- CT-44112_Digital Image Processing
- Robust Braille Recognition
- Nishant Jain Cv
- A Level Set Method for Image Segmentation in the Presence of Intensity Inhomogeneities
- IJETTCS-2014-12-02-80
- 15 1527072647_23-05-2018.pdf
- Medical Image Segmentation
- Image Segmentation guide
- 6
- 01026672
- A Review Paper on Diabetic Retinopathy

Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 8

4 PAPERS/JOURNALS REFERRED:

[1] “Edge Detection and Image Segmentation : Two sides of the same coin” by Victor

Boskovitz and Hugo Guterman(0-7803-3796-41976 $10.00 ©1997 IEEE)

presented. The system consists of a multilayer perceptron WLP) network that performs image

segmentation by adaptive thresholding of the input image using labels automatically

preselected by a fuzzy chstering technique. The proposed architecture is j2 edforward, but

unlike the conventional MLP the learning is unsupervised. The output status of the network is

dmcribed as a fuzzy set. Fuzzy entropy is used as a measure of the error of the segmentation

system as well as a criterion for determining potential edge pixels.

[2] “Coin Recognition based on Geometric Features” by Burak Benligiray and Halil Cakir

(978-1-4799-7075-9/15/$31.00©2015 IEEE)

In this study, it is aimed to count the total amount in an image of coins using machine

vision methods. The extrinsic parameters of the camera whose intrinsic parameters are

already known are estimated relative to the plane on which the coins lie. Textural details are

removed from the image using bilateral filtering and circles are detected. Reciprocal points

from the detected circles are back projected using the estimated pose. By calculating the

metric diameters of the detected coins, the coins are recognized and counted.

COUNTING” by Dhanabal.R,Saratkumar Sahoo, Bharathi V (978-1-4673-7386-

9/15/$31.00 c 2015 IEEE)

crucial role in mobile technology, multimedia, medicine and several DSP applications. The

solution to enhance the quality of systems linked to image processing is hardware based

processing of an image by using FPGA’S. In this, a discussion about implementation of circle

detection and coin counting is done by changing brightness, threshold and contrast of a

digital image and simulated result by the help of a language for description of hardware,

verilog was done. Algorithm for step wise implementation of Brightness manipulation,

Operating Threshold and Contrast stretching is implemented which gives an efficient

implementation than normal edge detecting kind of counting coins.

In current day scenario in the area of medicine, arts and services depending upon

multimedia digital processed image is diversely used. The no of objects of an image can be

found out by counting no of pixels in an image. For the purpose of counting and finding out

the objects in any image the image should be counted initially so that an object can be

counted easily. The advantage of counting of an image helps us for processing of an image

depending on which a corresponding application of an image can be done. Sharpening of an

image includes to sharpen image characteristics like boundaries, edges or contrast. By

adopting above mentioned techniques an analysis of an image can be made. Image bettering

consists all the above mentioned techniques.

There are two different elements for bettering images. Those are spatial frequency and

spatial domain approaches. The approach based on frequency based on image transformation

based upon mathematical transformation and spatial domain approach depending on pixel.

The unpretentious but useful bettering image operations in spatial domain are filtering,

contrast stretching, transfiguration of image negative, calculation of brightness, equalization

of histogram, operation on threshold and operation on filtering. All the above given

techniques are described as the image processing point operations on image. The filtering

based on high pass and low pass will be considered in frequency domain section. The benefit

of bettering an image is its maneuverability.

[4] “ Prompt Indian Coin Recognition with Rotation Invariance using Image Subtraction

Technique” by Vaibhav Gupta, Rachit Puri, Monir Verma (978-1-4244-9190-2/11/$26.00

©2011 IEEE)

This paper detects Indian coins of different denomination. The spiraling business

transaction at vending machines and automated systems working on token have spurred better

coin recognition techniques saddled with increased robustness. These techniques facilitate

transaction making it easier in all forms of trade. Keeping all the essential factors in mind a

system has been created which recognizes coin based on image subtraction technique. The

process performs 3 checks (radius, coarse and fine) on the input image. The stated subsequent

checks enable the technique to endorse Rotation Invariance, thus obviating the need of

placing the coin at a certain angle. Also, the technique does away with the requirement of

placing the front face of the coin up. Subtraction between the input object image and database

image is performed. Further, plotting the resultant values gives minima which if less than a

standard threshold establishes the recognition of the coin. Results of MATLAB based

simulations have been reported.

[5] “Coin recognition system based on a neural network” by Gabriel V. Iana and Cristian

Monea (978-1-4799-5479-7/14/$31.00 ©2014 IEEE)

The purpose of this paper is to design an electronic system which can identify coins

by detecting the sound generated when they hit a hard surface, using a neural network.

Generally, coin identification in vending machines is done using magnetic or optical

methods. This paper focuses on the acoustic method, in which coin recognition is based on

the detection of the coin’s natural frequencies. The frequencies of these vibrations depend on

the object’s properties (mass, shape, material type), and remain the same as long as these

properties do not change, thus being used as acoustic fingerprints. Also, this method permits

recognition of fake or deteriorated coins, because they have different properties. The

principle applied in this paper can be used for the recognition of numerical sequences

produced by other objects.

[6] “Indian Coin Recognition and Sum Counting System of Image Data Mining Using

Artificial Neural Networks” by Velu C M, P.Vivekanadan, Kashwan K R (International

Journal of Advanced Science and Technology Vol. 31, June, 2011 )

The objective of this paper is to classify recently released Indian coins of different

denomination. The objective is to recognize the coins and count the total value of the coin in

terms of Indian National Rupees (INR). The system designs coin recognition which uses by

combining Robert’s edge detection method, Laplacian of Gaussion edge detection method,

Canny edge detection method and Multi-Level Counter Propagation Neural Network

(MLCPNN) based on the coin Table 1. In this paper, it is proposed to introduce ML-CPNN

approach. The features of old coins and new coins of different denominations are considered

for classification. Indian Coins are released with different values and are classified based on

different parameters of coin such as shape, size, surface, weight and so on. Some countries’

coins are having same parameters, but with different value. This paper concentrates on affine

transformations such as simple gray level scaling, shearing, rotation etc. The coins are well

recognized by zooming processes by which a coin size of the image is increased. To

implement the coin classification, code is written in Matlab and tested with simulated results.

A method is proposed for realizing a simple automatic coin recognition system more

effectively. The Robert’s edge detection method gives 93% of accuracy and Laplacian of

Gaussion method 95% of the result, the Canny edge detection method yields 97.25% result

and the ML-CPNN approach yields 99.47% of recognition rate.

[7] “An Image-Based Approach to Detection of Fake Coins” by Li Liu, Yue Lu, Ching Y.

Suen

We propose a new approach to detect fake coins using their images in this paper. A

coin image is represented in the dissimilarity space, which is a vector space constructed by

comparing the image with a set of prototypes. Each dimension measures the dissimilarity

between the image under consideration and a prototype. In order to obtain the dissimilarity

between two coin images, the local keypoints on each image are detected and described.

Based on the characteristics of the coin, the matched keypoints between the two images can

be identified in an efficient manner. A postprocessing procedure is further proposed to

remove mismatched keypoints. Due to the limited number of fake coins in real life, one-class

learning is conducted for fake coin detection, so only genuine coins are needed to train the

classifier. Extensive experiments have been carried out to evaluate the proposed approach on

different datasets. The impressive results have demonstrated its validity and effectiveness.

[8] “Adaptively undersampled, circular histogram based image processing for rotation

invariant coin detection” by Ago Molder, O. Martens(978-1-4673-2774-9/12/$31.00 ©2012

IEEE)

computation time and the number of operations is very critical. Correlation as the most

known and most widely used algorithm in image matching has a tendency to grow the

number of operations rapidly when the range of discretion increases. In this paper adaptively

undersampled circular histogram based image processing algorithm for the validation of fast

moving and rotating coins has been developed and evaluated. The combination of adaptive

undersampling and circular area histogram matching makes the method highly accurate and

rotation invariant while significantly reducing the calculations operations needed for the

validation of fast moving and rotating coins. This method has been tested on real euro coins

and the results show that this method is suitable for accurate rotation invariant coin

verification system.

S.Mohamed mansoor roomi, R.B.Jayanthi rajee(978-1-4799-7075-9/15/$31.00 ©2015 IEEE)

operation of Vending machines, Pay phone system and coin counting machines. Coin

recognition is a difficult task in machine intelligence and computer vision problems because

of its various rotations and widely changed patterns. Therefore, an efficient algorithm is

designed to be robust and invariant to rotation, translation and scaling. The objective of this

work is to find whether the object is coin or not if so denomination of the coin is found. The

Fourier approximation of the coin image is used to reduce the variations on surface of coin

such as light reflection effect. Then coins can be distinguished by feeding those features into

a multi-layered BP neural network.

CONTENTS

CERTIFICATE I

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT II

ABSTRACT III

LIST OF FIGURES IV

LIST OF TABLES V

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Problem Definition And Motivation 2

1.2.1 Disadvantages of Existing Method 2

1.2.2 Strategic Solution 2

1.3 Generalize Block Diagram 2

1.3.1 Block Diagram Description 3

1.4 Challenges In Existing System 3

1.4.1 Objectives 4

1.5 Summary 5

2. LITERATURE SURVEY

2.1 Introduction 5

2.2 Hardware Required 5

2.2.1 Microcontroller 8

2.2.2 Atmega 328/P 10

2.2.3 DC Solenoid 12

2.2.4 DC Motor 13

2.2.5 L293D Motor Driver 16

2.2.6 Infrared Sensor 17

2.3 Software Needed 17

2.3.1 Matlab 19

2.3.2 Arduino IDE 20

2.3.3 Algorithm and Flowchart 23

2.4 Papers/Journals Referred 28

2.5 Summary 29

3. DESIGN ASPECT

3.1 Introduction 29

3.2 Overall Block Diagram of a System 30

3.2.1 Block Diagram Description 31

3.5 Pin Diagram 34

3.5.1 Pin Diagram Description 35

3.5.2 Memory Size 35

3.6 Software Used 37

3.6.1 Matlab 37

3.6.2 Eagle 37

3.6.3 Arduino 38

3.7 Estimated Results 38

3.8 Summary 38

4. CONCLUSION

4.1 Conclusion 40

5. APPENDIX

5.1 Refrences 41

- 1-s2.0-S0045790613000839-mainTransféré parDivine Grace Burmal
- MC0086-MQPTransféré parChitra Lekha
- iris 1Transféré parchinmay2882
- Chapter 9Transféré parOnkar Jaokar
- 10.1.1.140Transféré parhirenmewada
- UiTM Infoday Presentation DemoTransféré parTan Chin Luh
- 1-s2.0-S0167865507002930-mainTransféré pardhirajpatel1984
- IRJET-Edge Detection using Deep LearningTransféré parIRJET Journal
- [IJCST-V6I4P3]:M Punitha, K.PerumalTransféré parEighthSenseGroup
- CT-44112_Digital Image ProcessingTransféré parSisay AD
- Robust Braille RecognitionTransféré parbbaskaran
- Nishant Jain CvTransféré parVamsi Krishna
- A Level Set Method for Image Segmentation in the Presence of Intensity InhomogeneitiesTransféré parKalidas Selvaraj
- IJETTCS-2014-12-02-80Transféré parAnonymous vQrJlEN
- 15 1527072647_23-05-2018.pdfTransféré parAnonymous lPvvgiQjR
- Medical Image SegmentationTransféré parRai Sirlopú
- Image Segmentation guideTransféré parmilindurp
- 6Transféré parArnav Guddu
- 01026672Transféré parSri Natha Desikan
- A Review Paper on Diabetic RetinopathyTransféré parInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- PR.retrievalTransféré parManda Rohandi
- Medical PalmistryTransféré parvivekpatelbii
- A NOVEL PROBABILISTIC BASED IMAGE SEGMENTATION MODEL FOR REALTIME HUMAN ACTIVITY DETECTIONTransféré parLawrence Avery
- Tfm InglesTransféré parigconde
- Abstract 045Transféré parJan Kristanto
- InTech-Geometry Issues of Gaze EstimationTransféré parAdolfo Moreno B.
- ipTransféré parSubham Biswas
- 1 A Modified Canny Edge Detection Algorithm with Variable Sigma.docTransféré parArivazhagan Art
- Ga 3111671172Transféré parAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Lecture 8Transféré parBama Raja Segaran

- Intro 2 Molecular Modelling & Molecular MechanicsTransféré parachsanuddin
- Coolnomix Ac 01 Sales BrochureTransféré parTrisha Matthews
- FA83Transféré parsaopaulo
- WilliamsForm Ground Engineering SystemsTransféré parflyingcow1999
- Threading Operations of Lathe SystemTransféré parResshille Ann T. Salley
- Grade 5 MTAP Elimination_2002.pdfTransféré parWreigh Paris
- Assessment of Hip and Knee Muscle Function in OrthopedicTransféré parVictor Andrés Olivares Ibarra
- ES Lecture2 (ARM)Transféré parRajneesh Sharma
- Adaptive Deb Locking FilterTransféré parVishwadeep Rao
- Data WranglingTransféré parJackie Yong
- f. is.20. Quejas Sobre El Freno Motor. Edicion 1. (Ingles)Transféré parmanu_chat
- Design Studio Reverberation Time CalculationsTransféré parBlessing Mukome
- Barium Cloud Experiments in the Upper AtmosphereTransféré parJim Lee ClimateViewer
- Case Study Analysis2Transféré parMaviel Maratas Sarsaba
- D7 and D9Transféré parPranjal Saikia
- Optimal Binary Search TreeTransféré parTahaRazvi
- ch.9 pipeline MoDIFIED (1).pptTransféré parSiddharth Singh
- iMananger PRS V100R016 Main Slide for CVM.pdfTransféré parramos_lisandro
- J. Biol. Chem.-2010-Lin-33445-56Transféré parLuis
- Advances in Electronic Control of Hydraulic Servo SystemsTransféré parCamilo Manrique
- ORACLE ACADEMY PLSQL SEMESTER 1 FINALTransféré parJake Dewey
- oracle process manufacturing_2.pdfTransféré parkumar_amit_99
- PS1_2012723g28_Part1Transféré parRawlinson Tolentino
- Brochure Ball Mills en 1Transféré parCharith Koggala Liyanage
- Practice 7 Linear Regression Em 14Transféré parjacks oc
- 8.ST1407-040 (3)Transféré parHarshitaGRaju
- PG10 ManualTransféré parmacm_08
- Modulation Schemes(ERAN12.1 04)Transféré parCosminD
- Physics-Practical-Project-.docTransféré parJoel Martinez
- Nordic Vrcs EHUTransféré parviktor-St