Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 6


Project 2 Annotated Bibliography

Natalie Schmid

Arizona State University


Topic Proposal

For this project, I will be researching about the ethical debate associated with embryonic

stem cell research. This topic has been very controversial for the past several years, and has

required the meeting of ethics boards to discuss what usage of stem cells is deemed acceptable

for research purposes. I personally believe that there is a point in which stem cell research can go

too far. For example, it has been found possible to genetically engineer the color of your baby’

eyes before they are born. I think this a completely unnecessary gene modification and that stem

cell research should be used instead to do things like grow organs for people who cannot find

organ donors that are compatible. Since an embryonic stem cell is a potential human life,

scientists need to be very careful in how they use them for research.

Project 2 Annotated Bibliography

Citation (APA style):

Bennett, J. (2016, February 15). Genetic Engineering Now Allows Parents to Select the Gender

and Eye Color of Their Children. Retrieved March 1, 2018, from



Summary: This article discusses the uses of CRISPR (Clustered Regularly-Interspaced Short

Palindromic Repeats) and PGD (preimplantation genetic diagnosis) in stem cell research. The

author claims that CRISPR has made it easier and cheaper to achieve precise genetic

modifications. It works to replace the genes a cell already has to modify them. PGD on the other

hand does not directly modify the genomes but actually allows parents to choose between traits

such as gender and eye color for their future baby. Genetic diseases the baby could have can also

be determined in this way. The author’s objective of writing this article is mainly to inform the

reader about these different types of procedures that stem cell researchers have been utilizing.

Evaluation: This article mainly focuses on the benefits of stem cell research and only briefly

addresses the public’s concerns. While it explains it in a very positive way, I can still see why

people would be concerned that parents can choose traits of their baby for reasons other than

wanting to prevent diseases. I can use this research in my essay to help demonstrate both sides of

the ethical debate, while using this research to promote the positive outcomes of stem cell


Reflection: I learned that PGD does not actually modify the genes a person has, which is

surprising to me. However, there is still an ethical debate around PGD since multiple embryos

are used in this process but normally only one is kept. Since many people believe that embryos

are people before they have developed into life, many do not like the prospect of this research.

Citation (APA style):

Embryonic stem cell research: an ethical dilemma. (n.d.). Retrieved March 1, 2018, from


Summary: This article explains the ethical and moral dilemmas associated with stem cell

research. It addresses different questions about the ethics of stem cell research and discusses how

this research is regulated differently in various countries. The biggest dilemma when looking at

stem cell research is the debate between the benefits of preventing suffering, or preserving

human life. The author’s objective in writing this is to inform people about the ethical dilemmas

of stem cell research, rather than to persuade them to choose a side in the debate.

Evaluation: This article does a good job of explaining each side of the debate fairly. I can use

this in my essay to explain how the issue is not black and white, making it difficult to choose a

side, as both the benefits and the downfalls of this research can be clearly seen.

Reflection: I learned through this article, that when it comes to stem cell research, there is no

way to satisfy both sides of the debate. Using stem cell research or not using stem cell research

violates the morals of someone in this ethical dilemma.

Citation (APA style):

Hewings-Martin, Y., PhD. (2017, October 11). Stem cells and regenerative medicine: Failed

promises or real potential? Retrieved March 1, 2018, from


Summary: This article discusses how the prospects of stem cell research are promising, but in

actual practice they are not worth overlooking the ethical concerns. It explains how stem cell

research has been put into practice as regenerative medicine, as well as describes some of the

early successes and uses for this research. However, the article then states that patients are being

exploited in this process and that the clinical potential of stem cell research has been

exaggerated. The author’s objective is to persuade readers that while there has been some

success with stem cell research, it is not worth sacrificing morals for.

Evaluation: The article is very convincing in its argument and uses very credible research

sources to support its claims. In my essay, I will use this article to explain the con side of the

stem cell research debate, as it explains how the research has not progressed enough for us to

overlook the ethical dilemmas.

Reflection: I learned from this article that stem cell research may not be advancing as much as I

thought it was. While we have made some promising advancements in this field of research, the

findings do not seem to be as concrete as I heard they were.

Citation (APA style):

Ossola, A. (2016, March 16). Scientists Grow Full-Sized, Beating Human Hearts From Stem

Cells. Retrieved March 1, 2018, from


Summary: This article discusses the current problems associated with heart transplants and the

possible benefits of using stem cell research to correct this issue. It explains the research

conducted by a team of people from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical

School that has made progress in this area. The author’s objective is writing this article is to

persuade readers that stem cell research is very beneficial and that those benefits are reason

enough to overlook the ethical concerns associated with this research.

Evaluation: The article is very convincing in its beliefs and clearly demonstrates why people are

pushing to continue stem cell research. I can use the research from this article in my essay to

explain the pro side of stem cell research, and why scientists often feel justified in overlooking

the ethical debate in order to save the lives of those who are already living.

Reflection: This article taught me that there are areas of research, such as heart transplants,

which really benefit from the use of stem cell research, even though it violates the morals of