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Where is

Honduras
located?
Area:
112,492 km2
Population (2014):
7,962 million
GNI: $2,270
HDI: 0.606 medium
Poverty headcount:
62.8%
Departments: 18
Municipalities: 365
World Vision Honduras
since 1974

National Summary
Clusters 5
Operative Centers 27

Departments 12

Municipalities 45

Communities 664

National Intervention Map


WVH FY16
Where is Nueva Frontera Located?

Nueva Frontera OC
OC Summary
Departments 2
Municipalities 2

Communities 27

Sectors 4
G:1,173
RC
B:1,285

• Lowest quantile HDI


according to UNDP
Child Well-Being Targets

• Children report an increase level of well-


being
• Increase in children protected from
disease and infection
• Increase in children well nourished
• Increase in children who can read by age
11 (WVI 2015)
WVH M&E Process

Survey
Creation Field Work Data GIS
• Based on • Train • Download • Spatial
indicators personnel & • Process Analysis
• Smartphone volunteers • Analyze • Maps
collection • Collect Data • Reports • Reports
form
LQAS: Lot Quality Assurance Sampling
• LQAS is a sampling and analysis methodology for
rapid population based surveys.

• It requires a small sample size and provides


information on whether sub-areas or “lots” are
performing. Surveys include a “Yes” and “No”
answer.

• Samples from each lot can be aggregated to


provide coverage estimates for the entire study
area.
LQAS: Lot Quality Assurance Sampling
• Let’s assume the program has 5 sub-areas (A,
B, C, D, E).

• Nineteen households are randomly


selected from each sub-area, for a total of 95
interviews.

• Based on targets for program performance,


each sub-area is either flagged “acceptable”
or “not acceptable” and a point estimate is
determined for the entire program area.
Nueva Frontera Effect Monitoring using LQAS
Sample: 76 families
19 Surveys per Sector (4 Sectors)
Main requirements:
• Random families with children under 5 years old
• Sponsored children
Interventions:
• Diarrheas
• Pulmonary Infections
• Child Protection
• Values
• Nutrition
• Income
ODK Application
Our Team
What is GIS?
A Geographic Information System is a
mapping technology allowing users to
collect/create, edit, analyze, report, graph and
map information with a geographic coordinate.
It allows the analysis of different types of layers
of information.

A GIS includes:
• Hardware • People
• Software • Procedures
• Data • Networks
Unsatisfied Basic Needs
The method focused on unsatisfied needs such as:

• Access to a household/home which assures a


minimal standard of livelihood

• Access to a basic services which assures a adequate


sanitary service

• Access to a basic education

• Economical capacity to achieve minimal levels of


consumption. (Feres and Mancero, 2001)
Unsatisfied Basic Needs Method

• According to Feres and Mancero 2001, is arbitrary


linking poverty with UBN.

• The method only allows to distinguish households with


critical shortages from those who do not.

• Likewise, the method does not allow to define the


poverty level of a family having UBNs. The UBN method
is more related to "long term" poverty as the variables
used for the calculation are more stable (Feres and
Mancero, 2001).
Census Variables
Basic Needs Dimensions Census Variables
House Quality Wall, floor, roof materials used for the
construction of the house
Access to a House
Overcrowding a) Number of the persons in the house
b) Number of rooms in the house
Availability Source of water in the household
Access to Basic Type of sewage disposal systems a) Access to basic services that guarantee
Sanitary Service minimum sanitary conditions
b) Sewage disposal system
Attendance of school age children a) Age of the home members
Access to Education to an educational establishment b) Attendance to an educational
establishment
Probability of insufficient a) Age of the home members
household income b) Last educational level attained
Economical Capacity
c) Number of persons at the household
d) Employed condition
(CEPAL / PNUD 1989)
Unsatisfied Basic Needs Proposal
Basic Needs Dimensions Census Variables Relative
Weight
Material used for the household floor
Material used for the household wall
Access to a House condition
Material used for the household roof 25%
House
Energy used for cooking
Overcrowding 3 persons per room
Source of water in the household
Access to Availability
Basic Sanitary Distance to the source of water 25%
Service Type of sewage disposal systems Sewage disposal system

Access to Attendance of school age children Attendance to an educational establishment for


children 6 to 15 years old 25%
Education to an educational establishment
Second grade or less for the household head
Economical Probability of insufficient
25%
Capacity household income 4 persons or more per employed member
Access to a House
(with certain elements or requirements)
Weight Floor Material Wall Material Roof Material Cooking Energy Overcrowding
• Ceramic floor • Brick • Electric stove
2 • Cement slab or • Block • Gas stove
granite floor
• Cement floor • Improved mud
1.5
stove
• Mud brick • Mud • Concrete • Traditional mud • No
1 • Wood • Galvanized sheet stove overcrowding
• Zinc sheet
• Rustic Wood • Clay tile • Mud or stone oven
0.5

• Dirt • Tin • Straw or Similar • No mud stove • Overcrowding


0
• Daub wall • Waste material
Access to Basic Sanitary Service
Weight Water Source Distance to water source Sewage disposal system
• Pipeline inside the house • Toilet connected to sewer
• Pipeline reaching the yard o house
5
property
• Bottle wáter
• Washing sink or open faucets • Toilet drains in river
4 • Protected well in the household, yard
or house property
• Protected Public well • 0 to 30 minutes, walking from • Latrine with septic tank
the household, yard or plot
3
• Water reaches the household,
yard or plot through pipeline
• Open well in the household • From 30 to 60 minutes walking • Common pit latrine
2 • Open well from the house
• Water truck
• Waterhole, river, creek, stream • More tan 60 minute walking • No basic sanitary service
1 • Pond, lake, reservoir from house or latrine
• Rain water
Access to Education

Weight Access to Education


2 Attendance to an educational establishment for children 6 to 15 years old
1 No Attendance to an educational establishment for children 6 to 15 years old
Economic Capacity

Weight Schooling Household income


2 Third grade or greater for the household head 3 or less persons per employed member
1 Second grade or less for the household head 4 persons or more per employed member
Indicator of Deprivation

To each variable a deprivation indicator is showing the distance


between the indicator of achievement and the standard set
X
Pij = i* - X
ij
Xi*

where Pij is the deprivation indicator i for the home j, Xij is


the indicator of achievement in the variable i for the home j,
and Xi* is the standard set (Feres y Mancero, 2001).
Unsatisfied Basic Needs Index

• For each dimension an index is obtained , such as a "Housing


Quality“ index which is then averaged with the "Overcrowding"
index to calculate the Access to a house Index (Feres and Mancero,
2001)

• By having the index of each dimension a relative weight is assigned


equal for each dimension (Alkire and Santos, 2010) and the sum of
the dimensions results in the Unsatisfied Basic Needs Index.
Interpolation: IDW Method

Inverse distance weighted (IDW)


An interpolation technique that
estimates cell values in a raster from a
set of sample points that have been
weighted so that the farther a
sampled point is from the cell being
evaluated, the less weight it has in the
calculation of the cell's value. (ESRI,
2016)
House Quality
Access to Education
Sanitary Service
Economical Capacity
Proposal for Unsatisfied Basic Needs Index

CV= (Pi + Pa + Te + Ec + Ha) / 5 SS = (PrA + Da + EE) / 3 CE = (EjF + In) /2

UBN = 0.25CV + 0.25SS + 0.25Em + 0.25CE

where:
UBN: UBN Index Ss: Access to Basic Sanitary Service
CV: Housing access PrA: Water Source
Pi: Floor Material Da: Distance to Water Source
Pa: Wall Material EE: Sewer System
Te: Roof Material Em: Schooling of Children
Ec: Cooking Energy Ejf: Schooling of Family Head
Ha: Overcrowding In: Income
Unsatisfied Basic Need Index
Presenting results to Community Leaders
Combination of Results Poverty Line
and Unsatisfied Basic Needs

UBN UBN HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLDS WITH NO


PL UBN

POOR HOUSEHOLDS Household in Chronic Recent households in


Poverty Situation (Total) Poverty (impoverished)
(Short-term)
NOT POOR HOUSEHOLDS Household with Inertial Households in Social
Lack (Structural) Integration
(CEPAL/DGEC, 1988c)
Conclusions
• 41% of the monitored households have no UBN. They fall in the category of Households in
Social Integration. This geography is a coffee and gold extraction area.

• 42% have at least one UBN. They are classified as Households with Inertial Lack (Structural)

• 17% have more than one UBN. They are classified as Households in Chronic Poverty
Situation (Total).

• 28% of the children from 6 to 14 years old do not attend school and 41% of these children
have insufficient economic capacity in their households.

• 45% of the monitored households meet their basic housing needs to ensure a minimum
standard of habitability for a house and access to basic services that ensure an adequate level
of health. Of those families 22% have insufficient economic capacity and fall into the category
of households in recent poverty.
Conclusions
• 29% are households with 3 persons or less per employed member. From these households,
12% do not have a home which assures a minimal standard of livelihood.

• 15% of the children in the surveyed households have had diarrhea in the last two weeks.

• Of these children, 41% didn’t receive a correct treatment. Of the children who did not
received treatment, 57% belong to households where the head has had schooling up through
second grade or less, 71% are households of 4 persons or more, per employed member and
57% have insufficient economic capacity.

• 67% of the children in the surveyed households had respiratory tract infection with
symptoms such as difficulty breathing. Of these children, 24% did not received treatment.
100% of these households have 4 persons or more, per employed household member, and
67% belong to households where the head of the family has had schooling up through second
grade or less and the family has insufficient economic capacity.
Bibliography
(Altimir, Oscar 1979). La Dimensión de la Pobreza en América Latina. Cuadernos de la CEPAL, Naciones Unidas.
(Alkire & Santos, 2010) . Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries. Oxford Poverty &
Human Development Initiative (OPHI). Julio 2010. www.ophi.org.uk
(APHIA II Evaluation/ USAID, 2011). Outcome, Monitoring and Evaluation Using LQAS.
http://www.cpc.unc.edu/measure/resources/training/materials/outcome-monitoring-and-evaluation-using-lqas
(Hicks, N., 2000). An Analysis of the Index of Unsatisfied Basic Needs (NBI) of Argentina with Suggestions for
Improvements. World Bank. http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/27
(CEPAL y PNUD 1989). Ecuador. Mapa de Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas. Naciones Unidas, CEPAL (División
de Estadística y Proyecciones) PNUD/RLA/86/004
(CEPAL y Dirección General de Estadística y Censos del Uruguay 1988):“Bosquejo Metodológico del Mapa de
la Distribución de Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas en el Uruguay”, LC/MVD/R.6/Rev.1.
(ESRI, 2015). How IDW Works. ESRI ArcGIS Resources.
http://resources.arcgis.com/en/help/main/10.1/index.html#//009z00000075000000
(Feres, J. & Mancero, X.,2001). El método de las Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas (NBI) y sus aplicaciones en América
Latina. División Estadística y Proyecciones Económicas CEPAL. http://repositorio.cepal.org/handle/11362/4784
(WVI 2015). Child Well Being Report. World Vision International, Evidence and Learning. http://ow.ly/Qc67w
Thank you!
Muchas Gracias!