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Cambridge International AS Level Chemistry Answers to end-of-chapter questions

Answers to EOCQs
Chapter 2 d number of positively charged protons =
number of negatively charged neutrons [1]
1 a Isotopes are atoms of the same element with e it would not be oxygen / it would be another
different nucleon numbers / mass numbers / element / oxygen can only have 8 protons [1]
different numbers of neutrons. [1] f The mass of an electron is negligible. [1]
b i protons = 5 [1] Total = 13
ii neutrons = 6 [1]
4 a Isotopes are atoms of the same element with
iii electrons = 5 [1] different nucleon numbers / mass numbers /
1
c i mass = 1836[1] different numbers of neutrons. [1]
charge = –1 [1] b i both have 92 protons; [1]
ii mass = 1 [1] both have 92 electrons [1]
charge = zero [1] ii uranium-235 has 143 neutrons; [1]
iii mass = 1 [1] uranium-238 has 146 neutrons [1]
charge = +1 [1] c 90[1]
Total = 10 Total = 6
2 a i 91
40
Zr[1] 5 a number of protons = 17 and 17 [1]
ii 51[1] number of electrons = 17 and 17 [1]
b 70[1] number of neutrons in chlorine-35 = 18;
c i It is deflected / bends away from the anode in chlorine-37 = 20 [1]
(or positive plate), or towards the cathode b the chlorine-35 isotope is more abundant; [1]
(or negative plate), or downwards. [1] the weighted average is nearer 35 than 37 [1]
Proton has positive charge, and like c i it has more protons than electrons [1]
charges repel / opposite charges attract.[1] ii it has 17 protons and 18 electrons / it has
ii no deflection / go straight through; [1] 1 more electron than protons [2]
neutrons have no charge [1] [it has more electrons than protons for
Total = 7 1 mark]
Total = 8
3 a positively charged nucleus; [1]
containing protons and neutrons; [1]
electrons outside the nucleus in energy
levels;[1]
protons are positively charged with relative
charge of +1 and relative mass of 1; [1]
neutrons are neutral with relative charge of
zero and relative mass of 1; [1]
electrons are negative with relative charge of
1
–1 and relative mass of 1836
1
[allow 2000 or negligible] [1]
b atomic number = number of protons (in the
nucleus);[1]
nucleon number
= number of protons + number of neutrons[1]
c Mg = 12 protons, 12 electrons, 12 neutrons [1]
Al = 13 protons, 13 electrons, 14 neutrons [1]

Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry © Cambridge University Press 2014