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Plant Anatomy

Subject : Plant Anatomy


Morphology and tissue systems the integrated plant body
1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)

Meristems and meristematic growth


1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)

The structure of xylem and phloem


1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)
8. Secondary xylem construction - Structure of xylem - Answer (click here)
9. Secondary xylem - properties and uses - Answer (click here)
10. Evolution in secondary xylem - Answer (click here)
11. Structure of phloem - Answer (click here)
12. Gymnosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
13. Angiosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
14. Structure-function relationships in primary and secondary vascular
tissues - Answer (click here)

The root
1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)
8. Secondary xylem construction - Structure of xylem - Answer (click here)
9. Secondary xylem - properties and uses - Answer (click here)
10. Evolution in secondary xylem - Answer (click here)
11. Structure of phloem - Answer (click here)
12. Gymnosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
13. Angiosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
14. Structure-function relationships in primary and secondary vascular
tissues - Answer (click here)
15. The root: Introduction - Answer (click here)
16. Epidermis - Root - Answer (click here)
17. Cortex - Root - Answer (click here)
18. Endodermis - Root - Answer (click here)
19. Pericycle - Root - Answer (click here)
20. Vascular system - Root - Answer (click here)
21. Lateral roots - Answer (click here)

The stem
1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)
8. Secondary xylem construction - Structure of xylem - Answer (click here)
9. Secondary xylem - properties and uses - Answer (click here)
10. Evolution in secondary xylem - Answer (click here)
11. Structure of phloem - Answer (click here)
12. Gymnosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
13. Angiosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
14. Structure-function relationships in primary and secondary vascular
tissues - Answer (click here)
15. The root: Introduction - Answer (click here)
16. Epidermis - Root - Answer (click here)
17. Cortex - Root - Answer (click here)
18. Endodermis - Root - Answer (click here)
19. Pericycle - Root - Answer (click here)
20. Vascular system - Root - Answer (click here)
21. Lateral roots - Answer (click here)
22. The stem: Introduction - Answer (click here)
23. Stems - cross sectional appearance - Answer (click here)
24. Transport phloem within the axial system - Stems - Answer (click here)
25. Transport tissue - structural components - Answer (click here)

The leaf
1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)
8. Secondary xylem construction - Structure of xylem - Answer (click here)
9. Secondary xylem - properties and uses - Answer (click here)
10. Evolution in secondary xylem - Answer (click here)
11. Structure of phloem - Answer (click here)
12. Gymnosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
13. Angiosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
14. Structure-function relationships in primary and secondary vascular
tissues - Answer (click here)
15. The root: Introduction - Answer (click here)
16. Epidermis - Root - Answer (click here)
17. Cortex - Root - Answer (click here)
18. Endodermis - Root - Answer (click here)
19. Pericycle - Root - Answer (click here)
20. Vascular system - Root - Answer (click here)
21. Lateral roots - Answer (click here)
22. The stem: Introduction - Answer (click here)
23. Stems - cross sectional appearance - Answer (click here)
24. Transport phloem within the axial system - Stems - Answer (click here)
25. Transport tissue - structural components - Answer (click here)
26. The leaf - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
27. Leaf structure - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
28. The epidermis - Leaf structure - Answer (click here)
29. Cuticle and cuticular sculpturing - The leaf - Answer (click here)
30. Stomata - The leaf - Answer (click here)
31. Trichomes - The leaf - Answer (click here)
32. Bulliform cells - The leaf - Answer (click here)
33. Hypodermal layers - The leaf - Answer (click here)
34. Mesophyll - The leaf - Answer (click here)
35. Strengthening systems in the leaf - Answer (click here)
36. Vascular system in leaf - Answer (click here)
37. The phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
38. Loading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
39. Unloading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
40. Specifics of the monocotyledonous foliage leaf - Answer (click here)
41. Secretory structures - leaf - Answer (click here)

Flowers fruits and seeds


1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)
8. Secondary xylem construction - Structure of xylem - Answer (click here)
9. Secondary xylem - properties and uses - Answer (click here)
10. Evolution in secondary xylem - Answer (click here)
11. Structure of phloem - Answer (click here)
12. Gymnosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
13. Angiosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
14. Structure-function relationships in primary and secondary vascular
tissues - Answer (click here)
15. The root: Introduction - Answer (click here)
16. Epidermis - Root - Answer (click here)
17. Cortex - Root - Answer (click here)
18. Endodermis - Root - Answer (click here)
19. Pericycle - Root - Answer (click here)
20. Vascular system - Root - Answer (click here)
21. Lateral roots - Answer (click here)
22. The stem: Introduction - Answer (click here)
23. Stems - cross sectional appearance - Answer (click here)
24. Transport phloem within the axial system - Stems - Answer (click here)
25. Transport tissue - structural components - Answer (click here)
26. The leaf - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
27. Leaf structure - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
28. The epidermis - Leaf structure - Answer (click here)
29. Cuticle and cuticular sculpturing - The leaf - Answer (click here)
30. Stomata - The leaf - Answer (click here)
31. Trichomes - The leaf - Answer (click here)
32. Bulliform cells - The leaf - Answer (click here)
33. Hypodermal layers - The leaf - Answer (click here)
34. Mesophyll - The leaf - Answer (click here)
35. Strengthening systems in the leaf - Answer (click here)
36. Vascular system in leaf - Answer (click here)
37. The phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
38. Loading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
39. Unloading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
40. Specifics of the monocotyledonous foliage leaf - Answer (click here)
41. Secretory structures - leaf - Answer (click here)
42. Vascularization - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
43. SEM studies - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
44. Palynology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
45. Embryology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Seed and fruit histology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)

Adaptive features
1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)
8. Secondary xylem construction - Structure of xylem - Answer (click here)
9. Secondary xylem - properties and uses - Answer (click here)
10. Evolution in secondary xylem - Answer (click here)
11. Structure of phloem - Answer (click here)
12. Gymnosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
13. Angiosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
14. Structure-function relationships in primary and secondary vascular
tissues - Answer (click here)
15. The root: Introduction - Answer (click here)
16. Epidermis - Root - Answer (click here)
17. Cortex - Root - Answer (click here)
18. Endodermis - Root - Answer (click here)
19. Pericycle - Root - Answer (click here)
20. Vascular system - Root - Answer (click here)
21. Lateral roots - Answer (click here)
22. The stem: Introduction - Answer (click here)
23. Stems - cross sectional appearance - Answer (click here)
24. Transport phloem within the axial system - Stems - Answer (click here)
25. Transport tissue - structural components - Answer (click here)
26. The leaf - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
27. Leaf structure - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
28. The epidermis - Leaf structure - Answer (click here)
29. Cuticle and cuticular sculpturing - The leaf - Answer (click here)
30. Stomata - The leaf - Answer (click here)
31. Trichomes - The leaf - Answer (click here)
32. Bulliform cells - The leaf - Answer (click here)
33. Hypodermal layers - The leaf - Answer (click here)
34. Mesophyll - The leaf - Answer (click here)
35. Strengthening systems in the leaf - Answer (click here)
36. Vascular system in leaf - Answer (click here)
37. The phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
38. Loading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
39. Unloading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
40. Specifics of the monocotyledonous foliage leaf - Answer (click here)
41. Secretory structures - leaf - Answer (click here)
42. Vascularization - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
43. SEM studies - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
44. Palynology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
45. Embryology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Seed and fruit histology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
47. Adaptive features - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer (click
here)
48. Mechanical adaptations - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer
(click here)
49. Adaptations to habitat - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer
(click here)
50. Xerophytes - Answer (click here)
51. Mesophytes - Answer (click here)
52. Hydrophytes - Answer (click here)
53. Applications of anatomical modification in plants - Answer (click here)

Economic aspects of applied plant anatomy


1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)
8. Secondary xylem construction - Structure of xylem - Answer (click here)
9. Secondary xylem - properties and uses - Answer (click here)
10. Evolution in secondary xylem - Answer (click here)
11. Structure of phloem - Answer (click here)
12. Gymnosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
13. Angiosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
14. Structure-function relationships in primary and secondary vascular
tissues - Answer (click here)
15. The root: Introduction - Answer (click here)
16. Epidermis - Root - Answer (click here)
17. Cortex - Root - Answer (click here)
18. Endodermis - Root - Answer (click here)
19. Pericycle - Root - Answer (click here)
20. Vascular system - Root - Answer (click here)
21. Lateral roots - Answer (click here)
22. The stem: Introduction - Answer (click here)
23. Stems - cross sectional appearance - Answer (click here)
24. Transport phloem within the axial system - Stems - Answer (click here)
25. Transport tissue - structural components - Answer (click here)
26. The leaf - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
27. Leaf structure - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
28. The epidermis - Leaf structure - Answer (click here)
29. Cuticle and cuticular sculpturing - The leaf - Answer (click here)
30. Stomata - The leaf - Answer (click here)
31. Trichomes - The leaf - Answer (click here)
32. Bulliform cells - The leaf - Answer (click here)
33. Hypodermal layers - The leaf - Answer (click here)
34. Mesophyll - The leaf - Answer (click here)
35. Strengthening systems in the leaf - Answer (click here)
36. Vascular system in leaf - Answer (click here)
37. The phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
38. Loading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
39. Unloading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
40. Specifics of the monocotyledonous foliage leaf - Answer (click here)
41. Secretory structures - leaf - Answer (click here)
42. Vascularization - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
43. SEM studies - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
44. Palynology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
45. Embryology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Seed and fruit histology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
47. Adaptive features - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer (click
here)
48. Mechanical adaptations - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer
(click here)
49. Adaptations to habitat - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer
(click here)
50. Xerophytes - Answer (click here)
51. Mesophytes - Answer (click here)
52. Hydrophytes - Answer (click here)
53. Applications of anatomical modification in plants - Answer (click here)
54. Identification and classification - Economic aspects of applied plant
anatomy - Answer (click here)
55. Taxonomic application - Economic aspects of applied plant anatomy -
Answer (click here)
56. Medicinal plants - Answer (click here)
57. Food adulterants and contaminants - Answer (click here)
58. Animal feeding habits - Answer (click here)
59. Wood: present day - Answer (click here)
60. Wood: in archaeology - Answer (click here)
61. Forensic applications - Answer (click here)
62. Palaeobotany - Answer (click here)

Practical microtechnique
1. Adaptation to aerial growth - Answer (click here)
2. Mechanical support systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer
(click here)
3. The transport systems - Morphology and tissue systems - Answer (click
here)
4. Meristems and meristematic growth - Answer (click here)
5. Apical meristems - Answer (click here)
6. Lateral meristems - Answer (click here)
7. Practical applications and uses of meristems - Answer (click here)
8. Secondary xylem construction - Structure of xylem - Answer (click here)
9. Secondary xylem - properties and uses - Answer (click here)
10. Evolution in secondary xylem - Answer (click here)
11. Structure of phloem - Answer (click here)
12. Gymnosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
13. Angiosperm phloem - Answer (click here)
14. Structure-function relationships in primary and secondary vascular
tissues - Answer (click here)
15. The root: Introduction - Answer (click here)
16. Epidermis - Root - Answer (click here)
17. Cortex - Root - Answer (click here)
18. Endodermis - Root - Answer (click here)
19. Pericycle - Root - Answer (click here)
20. Vascular system - Root - Answer (click here)
21. Lateral roots - Answer (click here)
22. The stem: Introduction - Answer (click here)
23. Stems - cross sectional appearance - Answer (click here)
24. Transport phloem within the axial system - Stems - Answer (click here)
25. Transport tissue - structural components - Answer (click here)
26. The leaf - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
27. Leaf structure - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
28. The epidermis - Leaf structure - Answer (click here)
29. Cuticle and cuticular sculpturing - The leaf - Answer (click here)
30. Stomata - The leaf - Answer (click here)
31. Trichomes - The leaf - Answer (click here)
32. Bulliform cells - The leaf - Answer (click here)
33. Hypodermal layers - The leaf - Answer (click here)
34. Mesophyll - The leaf - Answer (click here)
35. Strengthening systems in the leaf - Answer (click here)
36. Vascular system in leaf - Answer (click here)
37. The phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
38. Loading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
39. Unloading phloem in leaf - Answer (click here)
40. Specifics of the monocotyledonous foliage leaf - Answer (click here)
41. Secretory structures - leaf - Answer (click here)
42. Vascularization - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
43. SEM studies - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
44. Palynology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
45. Embryology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
46. Seed and fruit histology - Plant Anatomy - Answer (click here)
47. Adaptive features - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer (click
here)
48. Mechanical adaptations - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer
(click here)
49. Adaptations to habitat - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach - Answer
(click here)
50. Xerophytes - Answer (click here)
51. Mesophytes - Answer (click here)
52. Hydrophytes - Answer (click here)
53. Applications of anatomical modification in plants - Answer (click here)
54. Identification and classification - Economic aspects of applied plant
anatomy - Answer (click here)
55. Taxonomic application - Economic aspects of applied plant anatomy -
Answer (click here)
56. Medicinal plants - Answer (click here)
57. Food adulterants and contaminants - Answer (click here)
58. Animal feeding habits - Answer (click here)
59. Wood: present day - Answer (click here)
60. Wood: in archaeology - Answer (click here)
61. Forensic applications - Answer (click here)
62. Palaeobotany - Answer (click here)
63. Safety considerations - Practical microtechnique - Answer (click here)
64. Materials and methods - Practical microtechnique - Answer (click here)
65. Killing and preserving cell contents - Materials and methods in Practical
microtechnique - Answer (click here)
66. Fixatives - Materials and methods in Practical microtechnique - Answer
(click here)
67. Dehydration and infiltration - Materials and methods in Practical
microtechnique - Answer (click here)
68. Sectioning - Materials and methods in Practical microtechnique - Answer
(click here)
69. Clearing - Materials and methods in Practical microtechnique - Answer
(click here)
70. Staining - Materials and methods in Practical microtechnique - Answer
(click here)
71. Preparing permanent slides - Materials and methods in Practical
microtechnique - Answer (click here)
72. Preparation of surfaces - Materials and methods in Practical
microtechnique - Answer (click here)
73. Standard levels - Materials and methods in Practical microtechnique -
Answer (click here)
74. Microscopy - Plant Anatomy:An Applied Approach: Practical
microtechnique - Answer (click here)