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Medicine Study Notes

Subject : Medicine Study Notes


Patient Management
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)

Cardiovascular
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)

Respiratory
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)

Endocrine and Electrolytes


1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)

Neuro sensory
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)

Gastro Intestinal
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)

Renal and Genitourinary


1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)

Musculo Skeletal
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)

Haematology and Immunology


1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)

Skin
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)

Reproductive and Obstetrics


1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)

Psychological Medicine
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)

Genetics and Cancer


1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)

Emergency Management
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)

Infectious Diseases
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)

Pharmacology
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)

Anaesthetics
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)
477. General Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
478. Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
479. Pain Management - Anaesthetics - Answer (click here)
480. Local Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
481. Local Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
482. Obstetric Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
483. Preoperative Assessment - Answer (click here)

Surgical and Fluid Management


1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)
477. General Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
478. Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
479. Pain Management - Anaesthetics - Answer (click here)
480. Local Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
481. Local Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
482. Obstetric Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
483. Preoperative Assessment - Answer (click here)
484. Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management - Answer (click here)
485. Replacement fluids - Answer (click here)
486. Blood Products - Answer (click here)
487. IV Cannulation - Answer (click here)
488. Nutrition in Surgical Patients - Answer (click here)
489. Post-Operative Care - Answer (click here)
490. Post-Operative Complications - Answer (click here)

Paediatrics
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)
477. General Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
478. Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
479. Pain Management - Anaesthetics - Answer (click here)
480. Local Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
481. Local Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
482. Obstetric Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
483. Preoperative Assessment - Answer (click here)
484. Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management - Answer (click here)
485. Replacement fluids - Answer (click here)
486. Blood Products - Answer (click here)
487. IV Cannulation - Answer (click here)
488. Nutrition in Surgical Patients - Answer (click here)
489. Post-Operative Care - Answer (click here)
490. Post-Operative Complications - Answer (click here)
491. Epidemiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
492. Health Systems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
493. International Agreements - Answer (click here)
494. Difference Between Adult and Child History Taking - Answer (click here)
495. History Outline - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
496. Examination - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
497. When is a child really sick? - Answer (click here)
498. Talking with Children - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
499. Parent and Adolescent Education - Answer (click here)
500. Families - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
501. Preparing a child for surgery - Answer (click here)
502. The Dying Child - Answer (click here)
503. Autopsy of a Child - Answer (click here)
504. Behavioural Issues - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
505. Child Development - Answer (click here)
506. Causes of Developmental Delay - Answer (click here)
507. Effect of Chronic Disease on Development - Paediatrics - Answer (click
here)
508. Learning Disability - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
509. Child Development Team - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
510. Growth - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
511. Examination of the Newborn - Answer (click here)
512. Outcome after Preterm Birth - Answer (click here)
513. Neonatal and Infant Anticipatory Guidance (Parent Education) - Answer
(click here)
514. Breast-feeding - Answer (click here)
515. Failure to Thrive (FTT) - Answer (click here)
516. The Crying Baby - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
517. Sleep Management - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
518. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - Answer (click here)
519. Neonatal Acute Airway Problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
520. Hypoglycaemia of the New Born - Answer (click here)
521. Jaundice - Answer (click here)
522. Other Neonatal problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
523. The Blue Baby - Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
524. Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
525. Complications of Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click
here)
526. Rheumatic Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
527. Symptoms - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
528. Chest Radiology - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
529. Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - Answer (click here)
530. Asthma in Young Children - Answer (click here)
531. Differential of Wheezing in a Child - Answer (click here)
532. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) - Answer (click here)
533. Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
534. Potentially Serious Infections - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
535. Common Paediatric Viruses - Answer (click here)
536. Orbital and Pre-Orbital Cellulitis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
537. Congenital Abnormalities - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer (click here)
538. Bone and Joint Injury and Infection - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer
(click here)
539. Neurological Exam in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
540. Head Size - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
541. Headaches - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
542. Seizures - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
543. Tics - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
544. Cerebral Palsy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
545. Muscular Dystrophy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
546. Neural Tube Defects - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
547. Eye disorders in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
548. Proteinuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
549. Haematuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
550. Acute Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
551. Chronic Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
552. Urinary Incontinence - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
553. Testes - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
554. Acute Scrotum - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
555. Penis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
556. Ambiguous Genitalia - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
557. Abdominal Radiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
558. Congenital abnormalities - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
559. Acquired Causes of Obstruction - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
560. GI Bleeding - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
561. Hernias - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
562. Common Childhood Presenting Chronic Symptoms - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
563. Gastroenteritis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
564. Nutritional Deficiencies in Childhood - Answer (click here)
565. Food Allergy - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
566. Cervical Lumps - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
567. Childhood Cancer - Answer (click here)
568. Assessing Fluid State - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
569. Paediatric Coma - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
570. Paediatric Trauma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
571. Paediatric Anaesthetics - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
572. Child Abuse - Answer (click here)
573. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
574. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
575. Depression - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
576. Youth Suicide - Answer (click here)
577. Other Mental Health Issues - Answer (click here)
578. Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
579. Adolescent Development - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
580. Talking with Adolescents - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
581. HEADSS Risk Assessment - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
582. Puberty - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
583. Chronic illness and disability in Adolescents - Answer (click here)

Health Care of the Elderly


1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)
477. General Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
478. Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
479. Pain Management - Anaesthetics - Answer (click here)
480. Local Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
481. Local Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
482. Obstetric Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
483. Preoperative Assessment - Answer (click here)
484. Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management - Answer (click here)
485. Replacement fluids - Answer (click here)
486. Blood Products - Answer (click here)
487. IV Cannulation - Answer (click here)
488. Nutrition in Surgical Patients - Answer (click here)
489. Post-Operative Care - Answer (click here)
490. Post-Operative Complications - Answer (click here)
491. Epidemiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
492. Health Systems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
493. International Agreements - Answer (click here)
494. Difference Between Adult and Child History Taking - Answer (click here)
495. History Outline - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
496. Examination - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
497. When is a child really sick? - Answer (click here)
498. Talking with Children - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
499. Parent and Adolescent Education - Answer (click here)
500. Families - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
501. Preparing a child for surgery - Answer (click here)
502. The Dying Child - Answer (click here)
503. Autopsy of a Child - Answer (click here)
504. Behavioural Issues - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
505. Child Development - Answer (click here)
506. Causes of Developmental Delay - Answer (click here)
507. Effect of Chronic Disease on Development - Paediatrics - Answer (click
here)
508. Learning Disability - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
509. Child Development Team - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
510. Growth - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
511. Examination of the Newborn - Answer (click here)
512. Outcome after Preterm Birth - Answer (click here)
513. Neonatal and Infant Anticipatory Guidance (Parent Education) - Answer
(click here)
514. Breast-feeding - Answer (click here)
515. Failure to Thrive (FTT) - Answer (click here)
516. The Crying Baby - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
517. Sleep Management - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
518. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - Answer (click here)
519. Neonatal Acute Airway Problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
520. Hypoglycaemia of the New Born - Answer (click here)
521. Jaundice - Answer (click here)
522. Other Neonatal problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
523. The Blue Baby - Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
524. Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
525. Complications of Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click
here)
526. Rheumatic Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
527. Symptoms - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
528. Chest Radiology - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
529. Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - Answer (click here)
530. Asthma in Young Children - Answer (click here)
531. Differential of Wheezing in a Child - Answer (click here)
532. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) - Answer (click here)
533. Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
534. Potentially Serious Infections - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
535. Common Paediatric Viruses - Answer (click here)
536. Orbital and Pre-Orbital Cellulitis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
537. Congenital Abnormalities - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer (click here)
538. Bone and Joint Injury and Infection - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer
(click here)
539. Neurological Exam in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
540. Head Size - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
541. Headaches - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
542. Seizures - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
543. Tics - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
544. Cerebral Palsy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
545. Muscular Dystrophy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
546. Neural Tube Defects - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
547. Eye disorders in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
548. Proteinuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
549. Haematuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
550. Acute Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
551. Chronic Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
552. Urinary Incontinence - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
553. Testes - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
554. Acute Scrotum - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
555. Penis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
556. Ambiguous Genitalia - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
557. Abdominal Radiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
558. Congenital abnormalities - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
559. Acquired Causes of Obstruction - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
560. GI Bleeding - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
561. Hernias - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
562. Common Childhood Presenting Chronic Symptoms - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
563. Gastroenteritis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
564. Nutritional Deficiencies in Childhood - Answer (click here)
565. Food Allergy - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
566. Cervical Lumps - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
567. Childhood Cancer - Answer (click here)
568. Assessing Fluid State - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
569. Paediatric Coma - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
570. Paediatric Trauma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
571. Paediatric Anaesthetics - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
572. Child Abuse - Answer (click here)
573. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
574. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
575. Depression - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
576. Youth Suicide - Answer (click here)
577. Other Mental Health Issues - Answer (click here)
578. Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
579. Adolescent Development - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
580. Talking with Adolescents - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
581. HEADSS Risk Assessment - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
582. Puberty - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
583. Chronic illness and disability in Adolescents - Answer (click here)
584. History - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
585. Ageing - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
586. Age Related Problems - Answer (click here)
587. Services for the Elderly - Answer (click here)

Public Health
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)
477. General Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
478. Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
479. Pain Management - Anaesthetics - Answer (click here)
480. Local Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
481. Local Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
482. Obstetric Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
483. Preoperative Assessment - Answer (click here)
484. Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management - Answer (click here)
485. Replacement fluids - Answer (click here)
486. Blood Products - Answer (click here)
487. IV Cannulation - Answer (click here)
488. Nutrition in Surgical Patients - Answer (click here)
489. Post-Operative Care - Answer (click here)
490. Post-Operative Complications - Answer (click here)
491. Epidemiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
492. Health Systems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
493. International Agreements - Answer (click here)
494. Difference Between Adult and Child History Taking - Answer (click here)
495. History Outline - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
496. Examination - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
497. When is a child really sick? - Answer (click here)
498. Talking with Children - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
499. Parent and Adolescent Education - Answer (click here)
500. Families - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
501. Preparing a child for surgery - Answer (click here)
502. The Dying Child - Answer (click here)
503. Autopsy of a Child - Answer (click here)
504. Behavioural Issues - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
505. Child Development - Answer (click here)
506. Causes of Developmental Delay - Answer (click here)
507. Effect of Chronic Disease on Development - Paediatrics - Answer (click
here)
508. Learning Disability - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
509. Child Development Team - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
510. Growth - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
511. Examination of the Newborn - Answer (click here)
512. Outcome after Preterm Birth - Answer (click here)
513. Neonatal and Infant Anticipatory Guidance (Parent Education) - Answer
(click here)
514. Breast-feeding - Answer (click here)
515. Failure to Thrive (FTT) - Answer (click here)
516. The Crying Baby - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
517. Sleep Management - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
518. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - Answer (click here)
519. Neonatal Acute Airway Problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
520. Hypoglycaemia of the New Born - Answer (click here)
521. Jaundice - Answer (click here)
522. Other Neonatal problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
523. The Blue Baby - Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
524. Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
525. Complications of Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click
here)
526. Rheumatic Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
527. Symptoms - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
528. Chest Radiology - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
529. Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - Answer (click here)
530. Asthma in Young Children - Answer (click here)
531. Differential of Wheezing in a Child - Answer (click here)
532. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) - Answer (click here)
533. Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
534. Potentially Serious Infections - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
535. Common Paediatric Viruses - Answer (click here)
536. Orbital and Pre-Orbital Cellulitis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
537. Congenital Abnormalities - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer (click here)
538. Bone and Joint Injury and Infection - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer
(click here)
539. Neurological Exam in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
540. Head Size - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
541. Headaches - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
542. Seizures - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
543. Tics - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
544. Cerebral Palsy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
545. Muscular Dystrophy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
546. Neural Tube Defects - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
547. Eye disorders in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
548. Proteinuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
549. Haematuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
550. Acute Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
551. Chronic Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
552. Urinary Incontinence - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
553. Testes - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
554. Acute Scrotum - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
555. Penis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
556. Ambiguous Genitalia - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
557. Abdominal Radiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
558. Congenital abnormalities - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
559. Acquired Causes of Obstruction - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
560. GI Bleeding - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
561. Hernias - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
562. Common Childhood Presenting Chronic Symptoms - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
563. Gastroenteritis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
564. Nutritional Deficiencies in Childhood - Answer (click here)
565. Food Allergy - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
566. Cervical Lumps - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
567. Childhood Cancer - Answer (click here)
568. Assessing Fluid State - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
569. Paediatric Coma - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
570. Paediatric Trauma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
571. Paediatric Anaesthetics - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
572. Child Abuse - Answer (click here)
573. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
574. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
575. Depression - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
576. Youth Suicide - Answer (click here)
577. Other Mental Health Issues - Answer (click here)
578. Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
579. Adolescent Development - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
580. Talking with Adolescents - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
581. HEADSS Risk Assessment - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
582. Puberty - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
583. Chronic illness and disability in Adolescents - Answer (click here)
584. History - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
585. Ageing - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
586. Age Related Problems - Answer (click here)
587. Services for the Elderly - Answer (click here)
588. Public Health - Answer (click here)
589. Health Care Delivery - Answer (click here)
590. Measures of Health Status - Answer (click here)
591. Biostatistics - Answer (click here)
592. Epidemiology - Public Health - Answer (click here)
593. Communicable Disease Control - Answer (click here)
594. Classification - Environmental Health - Answer (click here)
595. Inter-relationship of Host and Environment - Answer (click here)
596. Consequences of Global Environmental Changes - Answer (click here)
597. Screening - Answer (click here)
598. Health Promotion - Answer (click here)
599. Social Inequalities in Health - Answer (click here)
600. Health Economics - Answer (click here)

Evidence Based Medicine


1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)
477. General Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
478. Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
479. Pain Management - Anaesthetics - Answer (click here)
480. Local Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
481. Local Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
482. Obstetric Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
483. Preoperative Assessment - Answer (click here)
484. Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management - Answer (click here)
485. Replacement fluids - Answer (click here)
486. Blood Products - Answer (click here)
487. IV Cannulation - Answer (click here)
488. Nutrition in Surgical Patients - Answer (click here)
489. Post-Operative Care - Answer (click here)
490. Post-Operative Complications - Answer (click here)
491. Epidemiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
492. Health Systems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
493. International Agreements - Answer (click here)
494. Difference Between Adult and Child History Taking - Answer (click here)
495. History Outline - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
496. Examination - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
497. When is a child really sick? - Answer (click here)
498. Talking with Children - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
499. Parent and Adolescent Education - Answer (click here)
500. Families - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
501. Preparing a child for surgery - Answer (click here)
502. The Dying Child - Answer (click here)
503. Autopsy of a Child - Answer (click here)
504. Behavioural Issues - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
505. Child Development - Answer (click here)
506. Causes of Developmental Delay - Answer (click here)
507. Effect of Chronic Disease on Development - Paediatrics - Answer (click
here)
508. Learning Disability - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
509. Child Development Team - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
510. Growth - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
511. Examination of the Newborn - Answer (click here)
512. Outcome after Preterm Birth - Answer (click here)
513. Neonatal and Infant Anticipatory Guidance (Parent Education) - Answer
(click here)
514. Breast-feeding - Answer (click here)
515. Failure to Thrive (FTT) - Answer (click here)
516. The Crying Baby - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
517. Sleep Management - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
518. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - Answer (click here)
519. Neonatal Acute Airway Problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
520. Hypoglycaemia of the New Born - Answer (click here)
521. Jaundice - Answer (click here)
522. Other Neonatal problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
523. The Blue Baby - Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
524. Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
525. Complications of Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click
here)
526. Rheumatic Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
527. Symptoms - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
528. Chest Radiology - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
529. Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - Answer (click here)
530. Asthma in Young Children - Answer (click here)
531. Differential of Wheezing in a Child - Answer (click here)
532. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) - Answer (click here)
533. Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
534. Potentially Serious Infections - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
535. Common Paediatric Viruses - Answer (click here)
536. Orbital and Pre-Orbital Cellulitis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
537. Congenital Abnormalities - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer (click here)
538. Bone and Joint Injury and Infection - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer
(click here)
539. Neurological Exam in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
540. Head Size - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
541. Headaches - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
542. Seizures - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
543. Tics - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
544. Cerebral Palsy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
545. Muscular Dystrophy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
546. Neural Tube Defects - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
547. Eye disorders in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
548. Proteinuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
549. Haematuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
550. Acute Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
551. Chronic Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
552. Urinary Incontinence - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
553. Testes - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
554. Acute Scrotum - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
555. Penis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
556. Ambiguous Genitalia - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
557. Abdominal Radiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
558. Congenital abnormalities - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
559. Acquired Causes of Obstruction - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
560. GI Bleeding - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
561. Hernias - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
562. Common Childhood Presenting Chronic Symptoms - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
563. Gastroenteritis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
564. Nutritional Deficiencies in Childhood - Answer (click here)
565. Food Allergy - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
566. Cervical Lumps - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
567. Childhood Cancer - Answer (click here)
568. Assessing Fluid State - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
569. Paediatric Coma - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
570. Paediatric Trauma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
571. Paediatric Anaesthetics - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
572. Child Abuse - Answer (click here)
573. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
574. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
575. Depression - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
576. Youth Suicide - Answer (click here)
577. Other Mental Health Issues - Answer (click here)
578. Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
579. Adolescent Development - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
580. Talking with Adolescents - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
581. HEADSS Risk Assessment - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
582. Puberty - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
583. Chronic illness and disability in Adolescents - Answer (click here)
584. History - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
585. Ageing - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
586. Age Related Problems - Answer (click here)
587. Services for the Elderly - Answer (click here)
588. Public Health - Answer (click here)
589. Health Care Delivery - Answer (click here)
590. Measures of Health Status - Answer (click here)
591. Biostatistics - Answer (click here)
592. Epidemiology - Public Health - Answer (click here)
593. Communicable Disease Control - Answer (click here)
594. Classification - Environmental Health - Answer (click here)
595. Inter-relationship of Host and Environment - Answer (click here)
596. Consequences of Global Environmental Changes - Answer (click here)
597. Screening - Answer (click here)
598. Health Promotion - Answer (click here)
599. Social Inequalities in Health - Answer (click here)
600. Health Economics - Answer (click here)
601. Evidence Based Medicine - Answer (click here)
602. Risks and Odds - Evidence Based Medicine - Answer (click here)
603. Evaluation of History Taking and Clinical Examination - Answer (click
here)
604. Evaluation of Diagnostic Tests - Answer (click here)
605. Evaluation of Therapy - Answer (click here)
606. Evaluation of Prognosis - Answer (click here)

Professional Development
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)
477. General Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
478. Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
479. Pain Management - Anaesthetics - Answer (click here)
480. Local Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
481. Local Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
482. Obstetric Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
483. Preoperative Assessment - Answer (click here)
484. Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management - Answer (click here)
485. Replacement fluids - Answer (click here)
486. Blood Products - Answer (click here)
487. IV Cannulation - Answer (click here)
488. Nutrition in Surgical Patients - Answer (click here)
489. Post-Operative Care - Answer (click here)
490. Post-Operative Complications - Answer (click here)
491. Epidemiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
492. Health Systems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
493. International Agreements - Answer (click here)
494. Difference Between Adult and Child History Taking - Answer (click here)
495. History Outline - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
496. Examination - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
497. When is a child really sick? - Answer (click here)
498. Talking with Children - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
499. Parent and Adolescent Education - Answer (click here)
500. Families - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
501. Preparing a child for surgery - Answer (click here)
502. The Dying Child - Answer (click here)
503. Autopsy of a Child - Answer (click here)
504. Behavioural Issues - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
505. Child Development - Answer (click here)
506. Causes of Developmental Delay - Answer (click here)
507. Effect of Chronic Disease on Development - Paediatrics - Answer (click
here)
508. Learning Disability - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
509. Child Development Team - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
510. Growth - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
511. Examination of the Newborn - Answer (click here)
512. Outcome after Preterm Birth - Answer (click here)
513. Neonatal and Infant Anticipatory Guidance (Parent Education) - Answer
(click here)
514. Breast-feeding - Answer (click here)
515. Failure to Thrive (FTT) - Answer (click here)
516. The Crying Baby - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
517. Sleep Management - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
518. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - Answer (click here)
519. Neonatal Acute Airway Problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
520. Hypoglycaemia of the New Born - Answer (click here)
521. Jaundice - Answer (click here)
522. Other Neonatal problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
523. The Blue Baby - Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
524. Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
525. Complications of Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click
here)
526. Rheumatic Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
527. Symptoms - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
528. Chest Radiology - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
529. Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - Answer (click here)
530. Asthma in Young Children - Answer (click here)
531. Differential of Wheezing in a Child - Answer (click here)
532. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) - Answer (click here)
533. Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
534. Potentially Serious Infections - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
535. Common Paediatric Viruses - Answer (click here)
536. Orbital and Pre-Orbital Cellulitis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
537. Congenital Abnormalities - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer (click here)
538. Bone and Joint Injury and Infection - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer
(click here)
539. Neurological Exam in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
540. Head Size - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
541. Headaches - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
542. Seizures - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
543. Tics - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
544. Cerebral Palsy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
545. Muscular Dystrophy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
546. Neural Tube Defects - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
547. Eye disorders in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
548. Proteinuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
549. Haematuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
550. Acute Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
551. Chronic Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
552. Urinary Incontinence - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
553. Testes - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
554. Acute Scrotum - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
555. Penis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
556. Ambiguous Genitalia - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
557. Abdominal Radiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
558. Congenital abnormalities - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
559. Acquired Causes of Obstruction - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
560. GI Bleeding - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
561. Hernias - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
562. Common Childhood Presenting Chronic Symptoms - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
563. Gastroenteritis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
564. Nutritional Deficiencies in Childhood - Answer (click here)
565. Food Allergy - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
566. Cervical Lumps - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
567. Childhood Cancer - Answer (click here)
568. Assessing Fluid State - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
569. Paediatric Coma - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
570. Paediatric Trauma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
571. Paediatric Anaesthetics - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
572. Child Abuse - Answer (click here)
573. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
574. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
575. Depression - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
576. Youth Suicide - Answer (click here)
577. Other Mental Health Issues - Answer (click here)
578. Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
579. Adolescent Development - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
580. Talking with Adolescents - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
581. HEADSS Risk Assessment - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
582. Puberty - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
583. Chronic illness and disability in Adolescents - Answer (click here)
584. History - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
585. Ageing - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
586. Age Related Problems - Answer (click here)
587. Services for the Elderly - Answer (click here)
588. Public Health - Answer (click here)
589. Health Care Delivery - Answer (click here)
590. Measures of Health Status - Answer (click here)
591. Biostatistics - Answer (click here)
592. Epidemiology - Public Health - Answer (click here)
593. Communicable Disease Control - Answer (click here)
594. Classification - Environmental Health - Answer (click here)
595. Inter-relationship of Host and Environment - Answer (click here)
596. Consequences of Global Environmental Changes - Answer (click here)
597. Screening - Answer (click here)
598. Health Promotion - Answer (click here)
599. Social Inequalities in Health - Answer (click here)
600. Health Economics - Answer (click here)
601. Evidence Based Medicine - Answer (click here)
602. Risks and Odds - Evidence Based Medicine - Answer (click here)
603. Evaluation of History Taking and Clinical Examination - Answer (click
here)
604. Evaluation of Diagnostic Tests - Answer (click here)
605. Evaluation of Therapy - Answer (click here)
606. Evaluation of Prognosis - Answer (click here)
607. Professional Development - Answer (click here)
608. Working in Teams - Professional Development - Answer (click here)
609. Physical Hazards of Medicine - Answer (click here)
610. Medical Crises - Answer (click here)
611. The Doctor's Health - Answer (click here)
612. Code of Health and Disability Services Consumer's Rights - Answer (click
here)
613. Medical Error and Misadventure - Answer (click here)
614. Medical Council - Answer (click here)
615. Certification of Death - Answer (click here)
616. Coroner - Answer (click here)

Ethics
1. Frameworks for consultation - History Taking - Answer (click here)
2. History Taking - Answer (click here)
3. History Outline - Answer (click here)
4. Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
5. Fever Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
6. Pyrexia/Fever of Unknown Origin (PYO/FUO) Examination - Patient
Management - Answer (click here)
7. Tiredness Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
8. Oedema Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
9. Hands Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
10. Head Examination - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
11. CT and MRI Imaging - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
12. Blood Tests - Patient Investigations - Answer (click here)
13. Treatment - Patient Management - Answer (click here)
14. Physiology and Anatomy - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
15. History - Cardiovascular - Answer (click here)
16. Differentiating Chest Symptoms - Answer (click here)
17. Peripheral Exam - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
18. Praecordium - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
19. Heart sounds - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
20. Heart Murmurs - Physical Exam - Answer (click here)
21. Lungs, Abdomen and Legs - Answer (click here)
22. ECG Interpretation - Answer (click here)
23. Chest X-ray - Answer (click here)
24. Cardiovascular Risk factors - Answer (click here)
25. Vessel Pathology - Answer (click here)
26. Ischaemic Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
27. Hypertension - Answer (click here)
28. Angina Pectoris - Answer (click here)
29. Myocardial Infarction (MI) - Answer (click here)
30. Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
31. Atrial Fibrillation - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
32. Sinus Arrhythmia - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
33. Other Abnormal Rhythms - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
34. Heart Block - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
35. Drugs for Acute, Life Threatening Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
36. Emergency cardiac pacing - Arrhythmias - Answer (click here)
37. Valvular Heart Disease - Answer (click here)
38. Aortic Stenosis - Answer (click here)
39. Aortic Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
40. Mitral Stenosis - Answer (click here)
41. Mitral Regurgitation (MR) - Answer (click here)
42. Tricuspid Regurgitation - Answer (click here)
43. Infective Endocarditis - Answer (click here)
44. Heart Failure - Answer (click here)
45. Myocarditis - Answer (click here)
46. Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
47. Cardiomyopathy - Answer (click here)
48. Neoplasia of the Heart and Blood Vessels - Answer (click here)
49. Blood Gases - Physiology - Answer (click here)
50. Lung Function Tests - Physiology - Answer (click here)
51. Respiratory Failure - Physiology - Answer (click here)
52. Oxygen Therapy - Answer (click here)
53. Respiratory Exam - Answer (click here)
54. Nasal & Sinus - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
55. Acute Pharyngitis - Answer (click here)
56. Antibiotic Treatment of URTI - Answer (click here)
57. Larynx - Upper Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
58. Adult Pneumonia - Answer (click here)
59. Pleural Disease - Answer (click here)
60. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer
(click here)
61. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Venous Thromboembolism - Answer (click
here)
62. Asthma - Answer (click here)
63. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - Answer (click here)
64. Restrictive/Interstitial Pulmonary Disease - Answer (click here)
65. Acute Interstitial Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
66. Chronic Infiltrative (Restrictive) Lung Disease - Answer (click here)
67. Neoplasia of the Respiratory Tract - Answer (click here)
68. Cancer of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses - Answer (click here)
69. Tumours of the Larynx - Answer (click here)
70. Lung Cancer - Answer (click here)
71. Sleep Apnoea - Answer (click here)
72. Miscellaneous Lung Diseases - Answer (click here)
73. History - Endocrine and Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
74. Diabetes Mellitus - Answer (click here)
75. Thyroid - Answer (click here)
76. Hyperthyroidism - Answer (click here)
77. Hypothyroidism - Answer (click here)
78. Thyroid Nodules - Answer (click here)
79. Parathyroid - Answer (click here)
80. Adrenal Cortex - Answer (click here)
81. Cushing’s Syndrome - Answer (click here)
82. Hypoadrenalism - Answer (click here)
83. Hyperaldosteronism - Answer (click here)
84. Phaeochromocytoma - Answer (click here)
85. Pituitary Gland - Answer (click here)
86. Hypopituitarism - Answer (click here)
87. Pituitary Tumours - Answer (click here)
88. Prolactinaemia - Answer (click here)
89. Acromegaly - Answer (click here)
90. Other Endocrine Problems - Answer (click here)
91. Sodium Summary - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
92. Hyponatraemia - Answer (click here)
93. Hypernatraemia - Answer (click here)
94. Diabetes Insipidous - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
95. Potassium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
96. Calcium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
97. Magnesium - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
98. Chloride - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
99. Acid-Base balance - Electrolytes - Answer (click here)
100. History - Neurology - Answer (click here)
101. Physical Exam - Neurology - Answer (click here)
102. Cognitive Functions - Answer (click here)
103. Common Peripheral Nerve Lesions - Neurology - Answer (click here)
104. Brain Anatomy - Neurology - Answer (click here)
105. Intracranial Haemorrhage - Answer (click here)
106. Stroke - Answer (click here)
107. Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
108. Coma and Stupor - Answer (click here)
109. Syncope (Fainting) - Answer (click here)
110. Abnormal Speech - Answer (click here)
111. Parkinson’s Disease - Answer (click here)
112. Dystonias - Answer (click here)
113. Demyelinating Disease - Answer (click here)
114. Other CNS Degenerative Diseases - Answer (click here)
115. Epilepsy - Answer (click here)
116. Brain Tumours - Answer (click here)
117. Spinal Chord Syndromes - Answer (click here)
118. Headaches - Answer (click here)
119. Myasthenia Gravis - Answer (click here)
120. Other neurological emergencies - Answer (click here)
121. History - Eyes - Answer (click here)
122. Physical Examination - Eyes - Answer (click here)
123. Anatomy - Eyes - Answer (click here)
124. Loss of Vision - Answer (click here)
125. The Red Eye - Answer (click here)
126. Glaucoma - Answer (click here)
127. Eye Infections - Answer (click here)
128. Optic Nerve Lesions - Answer (click here)
129. Nerve Lesions Affecting Eye movement - Answer (click here)
130. Retinal Vascular Disease - Answer (click here)
131. Focal Ischaemic Retinal Disease - Answer (click here)
132. Tumours - Answer (click here)
133. Paediatric Ophthalmology - Answer (click here)
134. Vestibular - Answer (click here)
135. External Ear - Answer (click here)
136. Middle Ear - Answer (click here)
137. Ear Testing - Answer (click here)
138. Hearing Loss - Answer (click here)
139. Abdominal Physiology - Answer (click here)
140. Abdominal History - Answer (click here)
141. Abdominal Exam - Answer (click here)
142. Abdominal Tests - Answer (click here)
143. Oral Pathology - Answer (click here)
144. Dysphagia - Answer (click here)
145. Oesophageal Tumours - Answer (click here)
146. Achalasia - Answer (click here)
147. Dyspepsia - Answer (click here)
148. Oesophagitis - Answer (click here)
149. Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) - Answer (click here)
150. Hiatus Hernia - Answer (click here)
151. Gastritis - Stomach and Duodenum - Answer (click here)
152. Acute Ulcers - Answer (click here)
153. Peptic (Gastric & Duodenal) Ulcer - Answer (click here)
154. Pernicious Anaemia - Answer (click here)
155. Gastric Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
156. Ceoliac Disease - Answer (click here)
157. Other Malabsorption Syndromes - Answer (click here)
158. Pathology - Small & Large Bowel - Answer (click here)
159. Ischaemic Bowel Disease - Answer (click here)
160. Bowel Obstruction - Answer (click here)
161. Appendicitis - Answer (click here)
162. Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Answer (click here)
163. Crohn’s Disease - Answer (click here)
164. Small Bowel Tumours - Answer (click here)
165. Colorectal Cancer - Answer (click here)
166. Diverticular disease of the colon - Answer (click here)
167. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) - Answer (click here)
168. Bacterial Overgrowth of Small Intestine - Answer (click here)
169. Pseudomembranous Colitis - Answer (click here)
170. Diarrhoea - Infectious Agents - Answer (click here)
171. Constipation - Answer (click here)
172. Anorectal problems - Answer (click here)
173. GI Bleeding - Answer (click here)
174. Assessment - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
175. Alcoholic Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
176. Viral Hepatitis - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
177. Hepatitis A - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
178. Hepatitis B - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
179. Hepatitis C - Answer (click here)
180. Hepatitis D,E - Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
181. Tumours of the Liver - Answer (click here)
182. Other Liver Diseases - Answer (click here)
183. End Stage Liver Disease - Answer (click here)
184. Cholelithiasis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
185. Cholecystitis - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
186. Tumours - Gallbladder and Bile Ducts - Answer (click here)
187. Acute Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
188. Chronic Pancreatitis - Answer (click here)
189. Pancreatic Tumours - Answer (click here)
190. History - Renal and Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
191. Renal Physiology - Answer (click here)
192. Assessment of Renal Function - Answer (click here)
193. Nephritic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
194. Nephrotic Syndrome - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
195. Acute Renal Failure - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
196. Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
197. Complications of Chronic Renal Failure - Answer (click here)
198. Specific Nephrotoxins - Answer (click here)
199. Renal Stones (Nephrolithiasis) - Answer (click here)
200. Tubulointerstitial Diseases - Answer (click here)
201. Glomerulonephritis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
202. Hypertension - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
203. Congenital Abnormalities - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
204. Hydronephrosis - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
205. Cystic Renal Disease - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
206. Renal Tumours - Kidney Disease - Answer (click here)
207. Renal Replacement Therapy - Answer (click here)
208. Ureter - Answer (click here)
209. Urinary Tract Infections - Answer (click here)
210. Bladder - Answer (click here)
211. Male Genitourinary - Answer (click here)
212. History - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
213. Exam - Musculo Skeletal - Answer (click here)
214. Radiology - Answer (click here)
215. Fractures - Answer (click here)
216. Soft Tissue Injury - Answer (click here)
217. Nerve Injury - Answer (click here)
218. History - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
219. Exam - Back and Neck - Answer (click here)
220. Neck and Radiating Arm Pain - Answer (click here)
221. Back Pain - Answer (click here)
222. Pelvic Injury - Answer (click here)
223. Upper Limb - Answer (click here)
224. Upper Arm and Elbow - Answer (click here)
225. Fore arm and Hand - Answer (click here)
226. Gait - Answer (click here)
227. Hip and Femur - Answer (click here)
228. Knee - Answer (click here)
229. Lower Leg and Foot - Answer (click here)
230. Facial Fractures - Answer (click here)
231. Joint and Bone Infections - Answer (click here)
232. Metabolic Bone Disease - Answer (click here)
233. Orthopaedic Tumours - Answer (click here)
234. Arthritis Overview - Answer (click here)
235. Osteoarthritis - Answer (click here)
236. Management of Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
237. Blood tests in Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
238. Pharmacology - Inflammatory Arthritis - Answer (click here)
239. Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
240. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis - Answer (click here)
241. Spondyloarthropathies (Seronegative Arthritis) - Answer (click here)
242. Crystal Arthropathy - Answer (click here)
243. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer
(click here)
244. Sjogren’s Syndrome - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
245. Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (PSS) - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
246. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis - Connective Tissue Diseases -
Answer (click here)
247. Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click
here)
248. Vasculitis - Connective Tissue Diseases - Answer (click here)
249. Pain Syndromes - Answer (click here)
250. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Answer (click here)
251. Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) - Answer (click here)
252. Microscopy of Abnormal Cells - Answer (click here)
253. Anaemias - Answer (click here)
254. Microcytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
255. Macrocytic Anaemia - Answer (click here)
256. Pancytopenia - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
257. Hereditary Spherocytosis - Answer (click here)
258. Data Interpretation - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
259. Porphyria - Anaemias - Answer (click here)
260. Haematology of Systemic Disease - Answer (click here)
261. Anaemia of Chronic Disease - Answer (click here)
262. Haemostasis - Answer (click here)
263. Platelets and Platelet disorders - Answer (click here)
264. Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
265. Polycythaemia Vera - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click
here)
266. Essential thrombocythaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) -
Answer (click here)
267. Myelofibrosis - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD) - Answer (click here)
268. Chronic Granulocytic Leukaemia - Myeloproliferative Disorders (MPD)
- Answer (click here)
269. Myelodysplastic syndromes - Answer (click here)
270. Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
271. Acute Leukaemia - Answer (click here)
272. Fever in a Neutropenic Patient - Answer (click here)
273. Multiple Myeloma - Lymphoproliferative Disorders - Answer (click here)
274. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders -
Answer (click here)
275. Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukaemia - Lymphoproliferative Disorders
- Answer (click here)
276. Data Interpretation: Leukaemia & Lymphoproliferative disorders -
Answer (click here)
277. Immunology - Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
278. Primary Immunodeficiency - Answer (click here)
279. Secondary Immunodeficiency (Acquired) - Answer (click here)
280. Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
281. Allergy - Answer (click here)
282. Diagnosis - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders - Answer (click here)
283. Diseases caused by Antibodies - Allergy and Hypersensitivity Disorders
- Answer (click here)
284. Dermatology Glossary - Skin - Answer (click here)
285. Diagnosis - Skin - Answer (click here)
286. Bacterial infections of skin and soft tissue - Answer (click here)
287. Fungal Skin Infections/Dermatophytosis - Answer (click here)
288. Viral Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
289. Other Skin Infections - Answer (click here)
290. Eczema - Answer (click here)
291. Atopic Eczema - Answer (click here)
292. Seborrhoeic Dermatitis - Answer (click here)
293. Contact Dermatitis - Eczema - Answer (click here)
294. Eczema Related Conditions - Answer (click here)
295. Nappy Rash - Answer (click here)
296. Sun Damaged Skin - Answer (click here)
297. Naevi and Melanoma - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
298. Tumours - Skin Neoplasia - Answer (click here)
299. Ulcers - Answer (click here)
300. Inflammatory skin lesions - Answer (click here)
301. Acne - Answer (click here)
302. Other Skin Lesions - Answer (click here)
303. Skin Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
304. Physiology - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
305. History - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
306. Exam - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
307. Contraception - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
308. Suspicion of Abuse or Interpersonal Violence - Gynaecology - Answer
(click here)
309. Infertility - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
310. Dyspareunia - Answer (click here)
311. Menstrual Disorders - Answer (click here)
312. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Answer (click here)
313. Menopause - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
314. Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) - Answer (click here)
315. Pelvic Mass - Answer (click here)
316. Vulval Lesions - Answer (click here)
317. Cervical Cancer - Answer (click here)
318. Other Cancers - Gynaecology - Answer (click here)
319. History and Antenatal Booking - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
320. Booking Exam and Investigations - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
321. Minor symptoms of Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
322. 'At Risk' Pregnancies - Answer (click here)
323. Multiple Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
324. Fetal Welfare - Answer (click here)
325. Termination of Pregnancy (TOP) - Answer (click here)
326. Complications of Early Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
327. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) - Answer (click here)
328. Hypertension in Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
329. Other Complications of Later Pregnancy - Answer (click here)
330. Labour - Answer (click here)
331. Abnormal Labour - Answer (click here)
332. Postpartum Complications - Answer (click here)
333. Six Week Check - Obstetrics - Answer (click here)
334. Breast - Physiology & Anatomy - Answer (click here)
335. Breast History - Answer (click here)
336. Breast Exam - Answer (click here)
337. Breast Investigations - Answer (click here)
338. Breast in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding - Answer (click here)
339. Breast discharge - Answer (click here)
340. Developmental Problems - Breast - Answer (click here)
341. Inflammatory Breast Disease - Answer (click here)
342. Fibrocystic Disease - Answer (click here)
343. Generally Benign Breast Tumours - Answer (click here)
344. Breast Cancer - Answer (click here)
345. Sexual History Taking - Answer (click here)
346. Exam - Sexual Health - Answer (click here)
347. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) - Answer (click here)
348. Aetiology of Psychiatric Disorders - Answer (click here)
349. Summary - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
350. Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
351. Mental State Examination - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
352. Suicide Assessment and Management - Psychiatric History - Answer (click
here)
353. Interviewing Aggressive Patients - Psychiatric History - Answer (click here)
354. DSM IV Classification - Answer (click here)
355. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
356. History Taking in Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
357. Panic Disorder (with or without agoraphobia) - Answer (click here)
358. Specific Phobia and Social Phobia - Answer (click here)
359. Generalised Anxiety Disorder - Answer (click here)
360. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Answer (click here)
361. Treatment of Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
362. Differentiating Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms - Answer (click here)
363. Depressive Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
364. Postpartum Mood Disorders - Answer (click here)
365. Dysthymic Disorder - Answer (click here)
366. Bipolar Depression (Manic-Depression) - Answer (click here)
367. Antidepressant and Mood Stabilising Medication - Answer (click here)
368. Psychotic Disorders - Answer (click here)
369. Types of Psychotic Disorder - Answer (click here)
370. Schizophrenia - Answer (click here)
371. Treatment of Psychosis - Answer (click here)
372. Dementia - Answer (click here)
373. Dementia Due to Head Trauma - Answer (click here)
374. Delirium - Answer (click here)
375. Somatoform Disorders - Answer (click here)
376. Disorders due to a General Medical Condition - Answer (click here)
377. Diagnostic Criteria - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
378. Epidemiology - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
379. Models of Aetiology of Addiction - Substance Use Disorders - Answer
(click here)
380. History Taking - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
381. Investigations - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
382. Drugs of Abuse - Substance Use Disorders - Answer (click here)
383. Treatment of Substance Abuse - Answer (click here)
384. Alcohol Abuse - Answer (click here)
385. Eating Disorders - Answer (click here)
386. Impulse Control Disorders - Answer (click here)
387. Fictitious Disorder - Answer (click here)
388. Personality Disorders - Answer (click here)
389. Treatment of Mental Illness - Answer (click here)
390. Grief and Bereavement - Answer (click here)
391. Epidemiology of Genetic Disorders and DNA - Genetics and Cancer -
Answer (click here)
392. Chromosome Disorders - Answer (click here)
393. Patterns of inheritance - Answer (click here)
394. Non-Mendelian Genetics - Answer (click here)
395. Genetic Testing - Answer (click here)
396. Genetic Counselling - Answer (click here)
397. Epidemiology - Cancer - Answer (click here)
398. Oncogenesis - Cancer - Answer (click here)
399. Anatomic Pathology and Neoplasia - Cancer - Answer (click here)
400. Staging of Cancer - Answer (click here)
401. Cancer Treatment - Answer (click here)
402. Symptom Management in Cancer - Answer (click here)
403. Cancer Emergencies - Answer (click here)
404. Palliative Care - Cancer - Answer (click here)
405. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) - Resuscitation Emergency
Management - Answer (click here)
406. Cardiac Arrest Rhythms - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
407. Drugs in Cardiac Arrest - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
408. Secondary survey - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
409. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) - Resuscitation Emergency Management -
Answer (click here)
410. Resuscitation Ethics - Resuscitation Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
411. Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
412. Airway Obstruction - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
413. Asthma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
414. Burns - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
415. Coma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
416. Electrocution - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
417. Hypertensive Crisis - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
418. Near Drowning - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
419. Hypothermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
420. Hyperthermia - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
421. Poisoning and Overdose - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
422. Pulmonary Oedema - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
423. Renal failure and Spinal Shock - Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
424. Trauma to Abdomen - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
425. Trauma to Chest - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
426. Blood Culture - Infectious Diseases - Answer (click here)
427. Bacterial Meningitis - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
428. Brain Abscess - Infections of the CNS - Answer (click here)
429. Viral CNS Infections - Answer (click here)
430. Streptococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
431. Staphlococcus - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
432. Haemophilus Influenzae - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
433. Moraxella Catarrhalis - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
434. Mycobacteria - Bacterial Disease - Answer (click here)
435. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
436. Varicella Zoster - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
437. Epstein Barr Virus - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
438. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
439. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) - Herpes Viruses - Answer (click here)
440. Toxoplasmosis - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
441. Malaria - Parasitology - Answer (click here)
442. Amoebiasis (Entamoeba histolytica) - Answer (click here)
443. Giardiasis - Answer (click here)
444. Filariasis - Answer (click here)
445. Intestinal Worms - Answer (click here)
446. Hydatid Disease - Answer (click here)
447. Cryptosporidium - Answer (click here)
448. Pneumocystis Carinii - Answer (click here)
449. Travel Medicine - Answer (click here)
450. Antibiotic Treatment - Answer (click here)
451. Vaccination - Answer (click here)
452. Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
453. Variability of Drug Response - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
454. Volume of Distribution (Vd) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
455. Clearance (Cl) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
456. Half Life (T½) - Answer (click here)
457. Steady State Concentration - Answer (click here)
458. Bioavailability (F) - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
459. Absorption - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
460. Distribution - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
461. Metabolism - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
462. Excretion of Drugs - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
463. Inter-individual Differences - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
464. Controlled Release Formulations - Pharmacokinetics - Answer (click here)
465. Pharmacodynamics - Answer (click here)
466. Pharmacology of Pregnancy and Breast Feeding - Answer (click here)
467. Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
468. Drug Allergy - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
469. Drug Interactions - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer (click here)
470. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)
- Answer (click here)
471. Drug withdrawal syndromes - Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) - Answer
(click here)
472. Sleep - Answer (click here)
473. Treatment of Insomnia - Answer (click here)
474. Compliance Issues - Pharmacology - Answer (click here)
475. Prescribing - Answer (click here)
476. Regulation of Medicines and Drugs - Answer (click here)
477. General Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
478. Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
479. Pain Management - Anaesthetics - Answer (click here)
480. Local Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
481. Local Anaesthetic Agents - Answer (click here)
482. Obstetric Anaesthesia - Answer (click here)
483. Preoperative Assessment - Answer (click here)
484. Normal Values - Surgical and Fluid Management - Answer (click here)
485. Replacement fluids - Answer (click here)
486. Blood Products - Answer (click here)
487. IV Cannulation - Answer (click here)
488. Nutrition in Surgical Patients - Answer (click here)
489. Post-Operative Care - Answer (click here)
490. Post-Operative Complications - Answer (click here)
491. Epidemiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
492. Health Systems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
493. International Agreements - Answer (click here)
494. Difference Between Adult and Child History Taking - Answer (click here)
495. History Outline - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
496. Examination - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
497. When is a child really sick? - Answer (click here)
498. Talking with Children - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
499. Parent and Adolescent Education - Answer (click here)
500. Families - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
501. Preparing a child for surgery - Answer (click here)
502. The Dying Child - Answer (click here)
503. Autopsy of a Child - Answer (click here)
504. Behavioural Issues - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
505. Child Development - Answer (click here)
506. Causes of Developmental Delay - Answer (click here)
507. Effect of Chronic Disease on Development - Paediatrics - Answer (click
here)
508. Learning Disability - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
509. Child Development Team - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
510. Growth - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
511. Examination of the Newborn - Answer (click here)
512. Outcome after Preterm Birth - Answer (click here)
513. Neonatal and Infant Anticipatory Guidance (Parent Education) - Answer
(click here)
514. Breast-feeding - Answer (click here)
515. Failure to Thrive (FTT) - Answer (click here)
516. The Crying Baby - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
517. Sleep Management - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
518. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - Answer (click here)
519. Neonatal Acute Airway Problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
520. Hypoglycaemia of the New Born - Answer (click here)
521. Jaundice - Answer (click here)
522. Other Neonatal problems - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
523. The Blue Baby - Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
524. Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
525. Complications of Congenital Heart Disease in Children - Answer (click
here)
526. Rheumatic Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
527. Symptoms - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
528. Chest Radiology - Respiratory Illness in Children - Answer (click here)
529. Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - Answer (click here)
530. Asthma in Young Children - Answer (click here)
531. Differential of Wheezing in a Child - Answer (click here)
532. Cystic Fibrosis (CF) - Answer (click here)
533. Fever in Children - Answer (click here)
534. Potentially Serious Infections - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
535. Common Paediatric Viruses - Answer (click here)
536. Orbital and Pre-Orbital Cellulitis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
537. Congenital Abnormalities - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer (click here)
538. Bone and Joint Injury and Infection - Paediatric Orthopaedics - Answer
(click here)
539. Neurological Exam in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
540. Head Size - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
541. Headaches - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
542. Seizures - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
543. Tics - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
544. Cerebral Palsy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
545. Muscular Dystrophy - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
546. Neural Tube Defects - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
547. Eye disorders in Children - Paediatric Neurology - Answer (click here)
548. Proteinuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
549. Haematuria - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
550. Acute Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
551. Chronic Renal Failure - Renal Disease in Children - Answer (click here)
552. Urinary Incontinence - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
553. Testes - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
554. Acute Scrotum - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
555. Penis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
556. Ambiguous Genitalia - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
557. Abdominal Radiology - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
558. Congenital abnormalities - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
559. Acquired Causes of Obstruction - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
560. GI Bleeding - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
561. Hernias - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
562. Common Childhood Presenting Chronic Symptoms - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
563. Gastroenteritis - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
564. Nutritional Deficiencies in Childhood - Answer (click here)
565. Food Allergy - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
566. Cervical Lumps - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
567. Childhood Cancer - Answer (click here)
568. Assessing Fluid State - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer
(click here)
569. Paediatric Coma - Paediatrics Emergency Management - Answer (click
here)
570. Paediatric Trauma - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
571. Paediatric Anaesthetics - Emergency Management - Answer (click here)
572. Child Abuse - Answer (click here)
573. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - Paediatrics - Answer
(click here)
574. Anxiety Disorders - Answer (click here)
575. Depression - Paediatrics - Answer (click here)
576. Youth Suicide - Answer (click here)
577. Other Mental Health Issues - Answer (click here)
578. Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
579. Adolescent Development - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
580. Talking with Adolescents - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
581. HEADSS Risk Assessment - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
582. Puberty - Adolescent Health - Answer (click here)
583. Chronic illness and disability in Adolescents - Answer (click here)
584. History - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
585. Ageing - Health Care of the Elderly - Answer (click here)
586. Age Related Problems - Answer (click here)
587. Services for the Elderly - Answer (click here)
588. Public Health - Answer (click here)
589. Health Care Delivery - Answer (click here)
590. Measures of Health Status - Answer (click here)
591. Biostatistics - Answer (click here)
592. Epidemiology - Public Health - Answer (click here)
593. Communicable Disease Control - Answer (click here)
594. Classification - Environmental Health - Answer (click here)
595. Inter-relationship of Host and Environment - Answer (click here)
596. Consequences of Global Environmental Changes - Answer (click here)
597. Screening - Answer (click here)
598. Health Promotion - Answer (click here)
599. Social Inequalities in Health - Answer (click here)
600. Health Economics - Answer (click here)
601. Evidence Based Medicine - Answer (click here)
602. Risks and Odds - Evidence Based Medicine - Answer (click here)
603. Evaluation of History Taking and Clinical Examination - Answer (click
here)
604. Evaluation of Diagnostic Tests - Answer (click here)
605. Evaluation of Therapy - Answer (click here)
606. Evaluation of Prognosis - Answer (click here)
607. Professional Development - Answer (click here)
608. Working in Teams - Professional Development - Answer (click here)
609. Physical Hazards of Medicine - Answer (click here)
610. Medical Crises - Answer (click here)
611. The Doctor's Health - Answer (click here)
612. Code of Health and Disability Services Consumer's Rights - Answer (click
here)
613. Medical Error and Misadventure - Answer (click here)
614. Medical Council - Answer (click here)
615. Certification of Death - Answer (click here)
616. Coroner - Answer (click here)
617. Ethical Principles - Answer (click here)
618. Morality and Standpoints - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
619. Two Classes of Moral Theory - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
620. Confidentiality - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
621. Consent - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
622. Refusal of Treatment - Answer (click here)
623. End of life issues - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
624. Ethical Issues in Dealing with Impaired or Incompetent Colleagues -
Answer (click here)
625. Professional Ethics - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
626. Tissue Donation - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
627. Assisted Human Reproduction - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
628. Innovative Treatment - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)
629. Research Ethics - Medical Ethics - Answer (click here)