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Practice Exercise 2

Directions (Q. 1-5): Refer to the bar graph below and answer the questions that follow.
The following bar graph gives age-wise as well as offence-wise distribution of male offenders in
England and Wales in the year 2003. Value written on the top of each bar gives the total number of
offences in thousands occurring in that particular category of offence.

100
Percentage of male offenders

80
Ov er 16

60 14-16

12-14
40
10-12

20

0
Burglary Theft Robbery Violence Others

K KUNDAN
Category of offence

1. The second highest number of crimes is committed by the boys in the age group
1) 10-12 2) 12-14
3) 14-16 4) Over 16
2. Which of the following conclusions is true?
1) Boys in age group 14-16 commit more burglaries than theft.
2) Boys in age group 12-14 are the most violent.
3) In the boys’ over-16 age group the number of burglaries committed is more than that of violent
acts.
4) Burglary is the second most common offence amongst the juvenile delinquent below the age of
12.
3. If the total offences were shown by a pie-chart what sector angle would approximately represent
robberies?
1) 10 2) 3
3) 24 4) 65
4. The total number of offences committed by those over 16 is greater than the total number of
offences committed by those in the age group of 12 to 16 by
1) 10% 2) 5%
3) 26% 4) 1%
5. If no child committed more than one offence, given that the total number of boys in the age group
10-12 was 1457682, what was the approximate percentage of children who were away from crime
in that age group?
1) 5 2) 82
3) 87 4) 96
Directions (Q. 6-11): Refer to the table below and answer the questions that follow.
Statewise area and production of tobacco
(A = Area in ’000 hectares; P = Production in ’000 tonnes)
Note: Figures in brackets show the percentage share of Virginia Tobacco.

Year

State 1997-1998 1998-1999 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002

A P A P A P A P A P

Andhra Pradesh 209.7 262.8 198.7 190.6 171.6 154.9 169.4 164 182.8 192.5
(66) (60) (78) (71) (74) (61) (7.5) (67) (75) (67)
Gujarat 81.5 125.3 74.6 153.6 114.7 174.9 121.5 185.2 113 209.5
Karnataka 42.1 30.5 43.5 29.6 44.5 26.6 51.6 33.9 50.8 30.5
(24) (24) (23) (23) (29) (25) (30) (21) (31) (30)
Tamil Nadu (TN) 11.3 16.7 12.7 19 12.9 19.1 14.5 22.4 17.2 26.1
West Bengal 14.9 14.5 13.2 12.7 12.7 11.5 18.9 17.4 14.1 13.3
(3) (2) (4) (2) (2) (2) (1) (1) (1) (1)
Others 63.9 43.8 66.6 48.3 69 51.5 75.6 57.9 70.4 53.4

All India Total 504.4 493.6 409.3 453.8 425.4 438.5 451.5 480.8 448.3 525.3

6. In which of the following years was the productivity (tonnes per hectare) of tobacco in Andhra
Pradesh greater than one?

K KUNDAN
1) 1998-99 2) 1999-2000
3) 2000-2001 4) 2001-2002
7. The all-India percentage share of Virginia Tobacco in the total tobacco production in 1997-1998
was approximately
1) 50 2) 86 3) 33 4) 27
8. If in 2002-2003 the area under cultivation of tobacco was increased to 18,000 hectares in Tamil
Nadu, the tobacco production would then approximately be (in ’000 tonnes, assuming productivity
in 2002-2003 remains the same as in 2001-2002):
1) 32.6 2) 16.3
3) 25 4) 27.3
9. Tobacco production in which of the following States increased consistently over the five-year
period?
1) Karnataka & TN
2) Gujarat & TN
3) Karnataka & Gujarat
4) W Bengal & TN
10. Total production of Virginia Tobacco was higher in which year?
1) 1997-1998
2) 1998-1999
3) 2000-2001
4) 2001-2002
11. Which of the following is true?
1) Production of Virginia Tobacco is increasing every year in Andhra Pradesh.
2) Production of Virginia Tobacco is second highest in year 1999-2000.
3) Production of Virginia Tobacco in West Bengal is decreasing.
4) All-India productivity of Tobacco is minimum in year 2000-01.
Directins (Q. 12-16): Refer to the line graph below and answer the questions that follow.
DIRECT SELLING BUSINESS
14 2100
No. of distributors Turnover 1950

No. of distributors (in lakhs)


12 1800
11.2
Turnover (Rs crores)

1400
10 1500

8 1000 1200
8.2
5.2
6 900
6.4
4 600
300 600
2 300
1.2
0 0
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002

Turnover in 2002 (in Rs No. of distributors in 2002


Rank Company
Crores) (in lakhs)
1. Wamay 472 3.65
2. Codimare 165 4.95
3. Nova 110 0.68
4. Balife 78 0.2

K KUNDAN
12. What is the average simple annual growth rate of turnover of direct selling business in India
during the given period?
1) 42%
3) 78%
2) 60%
4) 137.5%
13. If Wamay and Nova were the only companies in the direct selling business in India till 1998 with
the Wamay market share three times that of Nova, then what is the percentage growth in Nova’s
turnover during the given period?
1) 10% 2) 15.6%
3) 35% 4) 46.7%
14. Balife was launched in 2000. Since then, the number of its distributors is increasing by 25%
every year and its turnover by 20% . Then what was the turnover-to-number of distributors ratio of
Balife during its launching year?
1) 36120 2) 39820
3) 42320 4) 45720
15. Which of the following is definitely false?
1) The ratio of turnover to number of distributors is maximum for Balife during 2002.
2) Top four companies together have more than 80% of total number of distributors in the direct
selling business in India during 2002.
3) There are not more than 18 companies in direct selling business in India during 2002.
4) None of these
16. During which year, has the ratio of turnover-to-number of distributors shown maximum percent-
age increase over the previous year?
1) 1999 2) 2000
3) 2001 4) 2002
Directions (Q. 17-20): Refer to the diagrams below and answer the questions that follow.
Given below is the data of a consumer confidence survey.

28 32
II I Jaipur II I Jaipur
(35, 24) (17, 23)
21 24
Mumbai
14 (16, 11) 16 Kolkata
Bangalore (-8, 8)
Kolkata (29, 5)
7 8
(0, 1)
Bhubaneshwar
0 0
III Delhi IV III Delhi(-5, -6) Mumbai IV
Bhubaneshwar (-9, -10) (0, -2)
–7 (-7, -1) (2, -3) –8
Bangalore
Coimbatore Ahmedabad Coim- batore (11, –16)
–14 (-18, -17) (-5, -16) –16 (–8, –11)
Ahmedabad
(-16, -13)
–24 –24
–40 –30 –20 –10 0 10 20 30 40 –20 –15 –10 –5 0 10 15 20
PSI (Gain/Loss) over January 2004 PSI (Gain/Loss) over September 2004

FEI  Future Expenditure Index


PSI  Present Situation Index
FEI
CCI  Consumer Confidence Index 
PSI
17. For how many cities has PSI changed from a positive value to negative value?
1) 0 2) 1 3) 2 4) 3
18. How many cities have shown greater than or equal to 100% change in FEI?

K KUNDAN
1) 2

1) Ahmedabad
2) 3

2) Kolkata
3) 4

3) Delhi
20. For how many cities, FEI as well as PSI decreased over the period?
1) 3

Answers and explanations


1-5:
2) 4 3) 5
4) 5
19. Which of the following cities have CCI more than 1 during September 2004?
4) Bangalore

4) 6

Please note that the bar chart gives the % distribution of each age group in various kinds of
offences.
1. 3; For all kinds of offences, the percentage of crimes committed is the highest in the age group
over 16 and second highest in age group 14-16. Thus, number of crimes is second highest in
the age group 14-16. Hence, (3).
2. 4; Statement 1:
Not true, as the percentage of boys committing burglaries and thefts is almost the same, but
the number of thefts is much more than burglaries. Thus, thefts would be more than burglaries
in the age group 14-16.
Statement 2:
Note true, as the boys in the age group over 16 are the most violent.
Statement 3:
For age group over 16:
Number of burglaries = 35% × 82  28.7 thousand
Number of violent acts = 55% of 53  29.2 thousand
Hence, this is not true.
Statement 4:
Below the age of 12, the most common offence is theft, followed by burglary. Hence, this state-
ment is true.
3. 2; Total offences = 82 + 238 + 4 + 53 + 74 = 451 thousand.
4  360
 In a pie-chart the angle of the sector representing robberies = 451
 3º.
4. 4; Total number of offences in ’000 in the age group over 16
35 40 50 55 60
=  82   238  4  53   74
100 100 100 100 100
 29  95  2  29  44  199
50 45 40 40 35
In age group 12 to 16 =  82   238  4  53   74
100 100 100 100 100
 41  107  2  21  26  197
5. 4; Number of crimes in age group 10 to 12
 15 15 10 5 5 
=  82   238  4  53   74 
100 100 100 100 100 
= (12 + 36 + 0.4 + 3 + 4) × 1000  55 × 1000  55000
55000
 Percentage of children committing crimes =  100  4 %
1457682
 Percentage of children away from crimes = 100 - 4 = 96% .
6. 4; In the row of Andhra Pradesh choose the year in which P > A.
262.8  0.6  30.5  0.24  14.5  0.02
7. 3;  100  33%
493.6
18

K KUNDAN
8. 4;  261
.  27.3 (Assuming same productivity).
17.2
9. 2; Gujarat and Tamil Nadu both show increasing trends of production.
10. 1; As Andhra Pradesh is the sole biggest contributor, it is sufficient to note that in 1997-1998 the
production of Virginia Tobacco in AP was greater than in any other year by a significant margin.
11. 3; The production of Virginia Tobacco is decreasing every year in West Bengal.
1950  300 1650
12. 4; Average annual growth rate =  100  = 137.5% .
300  4 12
1
13. 4; Nova’s turnover in 1998 =  300 = Rs 75 crores
4
Nova’s turnover in 2002 = Rs 110 crores
110  75 35  100
 Percentage growth =  100   46 .7%
75 75
14. 3 At 25% per annum, the number of distributors increases by 56.25% in two years. At 20% per
annum, the turnover increases by 44% in two years.
 Turnover-to-number of distributors for Balife in 2000
78  100 lakh
1.44 7800 1.5625
=    42318
0.2 lakh 1.44 0.2
1.5625
15. 3; Nothing can be inferred about statement 1 as data is given for only top 4 companies.
Statement 2 is definitely true as top 4 companies have approximately 85% of total number of
distributors.
Total turnover of top 3 companies = 472 + 165 + 110 = Rs 747 crores
Turnover of all other companies = 1950 - 747 = Rs 1203 crores
Number of companies in the direct selling business will be minimum if all companies other
than top 3 companies have turnover almost equal to the turnover of fourth company, ie Balife
1203
 Minimum number of companies (excluding top 3) =  15 .4  16
78
 Minimum number of companies = 16 + 3 = 19
 Statement 3 is definitely false.
16. 2;

Year Ratio (approx) Percentage increase


1998 25000 -
1999 11500 -ve
2000 15600 4100/115 > 30%
2001 17100 1500/156 < 10%
2002 17400 300/17100 < 10%
17. 2; Only for Delhi, PSI has changed from 2 to –9, ie positive value to negative.
18. 4; City % Change in FEI
1
Jaipur  100  100 %
24

K KUNDAN
5   16  2100
Bangalore  100   100%
5 5
11   2 1300
Mumbai  100   100 %
11 11
1 8
Kolkata  100  700 %  100 %
1
1 6
Bhubaneshwar  100  500 %  100 %
1
 17   11 600
Coimbatore  100   100 %
 17 17

 16   13  300
Ahmedabad  100   100 %
 16 16

 3   6  300
Delhi  100   100 %
3 3
Only Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Coimbatore have less than 100% change in FEI.
 Required number of cities = 8 – 3 = 5
19. 3; To have CCI more than 1, |FEI| must be greater than |PSI| during the given period. Only Delhi
has [FEI] more than |PSI|.
20. 2; FEI and PSI of Jaipur have decreased from (35, 24) to (17, 23) over the period.
Similarly, FEI and PSI of Mumbai, Bangalore and Delhi have decreased over the period.
 Total no. of cities = 4.