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MAAVASHU SCHOOL L.Maavah/ Rep.of Maldives UNIT TEST-I, FIRST TERM 2018 Name: ………………………………………………… .. Duration: 30 minutes

MAAVASHU SCHOOL L.Maavah/ Rep.of Maldives

UNIT TEST-I, FIRST TERM 2018

Name:…………………………………………………

..

Duration: 30 minutes

Index no:……………… Date:

Feb 2018

Total marks: 40

Subject: Biology

Grade: 9

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. When breathing out, which changes occur in the volume of the thorax, the rib cage and the diaphragm?

 

Volume of thorax

Rib cage

Diaphragm

A

Decreases

Lowered

Rises

B

Decreases

Raised

Pulled down

C

Increases

Lowered

Rises

D

Increases

Raised

Pulled down

2. Fitness training increases the concentration of lactic acid that runners can build up in their muscles before pain stops them running.

What is a consequence of this increase?

A

Aerobic respiration in muscles can be more rapid

B

Blood flow to the muscles is increased

C

More anaerobic respiration can take place in muslces

D

More energy is needed by the muscles.

  • 3. What do the cilia do in the bronchi of the lungs?

MAAVASHU SCHOOL L.Maavah/ Rep.of Maldives UNIT TEST-I, FIRST TERM 2018 Name: ………………………………………………… .. Duration: 30 minutes

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4.

The diagram shows some structures in the thorax.

4. The diagram shows some structures in the thorax. Which row in the table identifies the

Which row in the table identifies the strucutres labelled 1,2 and 3?

 

1

2

3

A

Larynx

Cilia

Bronchus

B

Larynx

Bronchus

Bronchiole

C

Trachea

Bronchus

Bronchiole

D

Trachea

Cilia

Bronchus

  • 5. The graph shows changes in the air pressure within the lungs during one breathing cycle.

4. The diagram shows some structures in the thorax. Which row in the table identifies the

What causes the change in air pressure during stage X?

2

A

contraction of diaphragm muscles

B

increase in volume of lungs

C

outflow of air from lungs

D

relaxation of internal intercostal muscles

Answer all the questions

  • 1. Describe the role of the cilia in the trachea. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………[3 marks]

2. Describe how the following processes differ from each other. Breathing and respiration

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3. Fig 3.1 shows a model that a student made to represent the human breathing system.

3. Fig 3.1 shows a model that a student made to represent the human breathing system.

Fig. 3.1

  • (a) State the part of the model shown in Fig. 3.1 that represents each of the following structures. The trachea……………………… ..……………………………………………………………………………………………. The diaphragm…………………….……………………………………………………………………………………

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  • (b) Describe how this model does not accurately represent the human breathing system.

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4. Fig.4.1 shows the structures involved in oxygen uptakes in the lungs.

4. Fig.4.1 shows the structures involved in oxygen uptakes in the lungs. Fig.4.1 (a) Identify structures

Fig.4.1

  • (a) Identify structures A, B and C in Fig.4.1. A ………………………………………………………… .. B ………………………………………………………… .. C …………………………………………………………

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  • (b) Each statement below describes a process that occurs during breathing.

4. Fig.4.1 shows the structures involved in oxygen uptakes in the lungs. Fig.4.1 (a) Identify structures

cause air to move in the direction shown in Fig.4.1

4. Fig.4.1 shows the structures involved in oxygen uptakes in the lungs. Fig.4.1 (a) Identify structures
4. Fig.4.1 shows the structures involved in oxygen uptakes in the lungs. Fig.4.1 (a) Identify structures

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6. State how aerobic and anaerobic respiration differ. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………[2 marks] 7. (a)
  • 6. State how aerobic and anaerobic respiration differ.

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  • 7. (a) Describe and explain the changes that occur in breathing and heartbeat as a person

climbs a mountain.

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(b) Explain how these changes affect the working of the leg muscles during the climb.

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