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“Environmental Planning Board Examination”

2006 PIEP-FEU Capability-Building and Review Course, May 8-13, 2006


Exam Set One
HISTORY, CONCEPTS, THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES
OF ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
1. The Laws of the Indies in 1571 was considered as the first influence in Philippine town planning law. The following
were some of its planning guidelines:
i. each town should be located on vacant and high ground properly oriented to the sun, wind and water area,
and on or near fertile land, sources of fuel, timber, water, and mean of access;
ii. a non-saleable neighbor community facility was required
iii. the width of the carriageway should follow the hierarchy of roads
iv. the area should have a grid layout, with the main plaza as the starting point of construction
v. There were to be as many farm lots as town lots and each house was to have a stockyard and a courtyard

a. i, ii & iii b. ii, iii & iv c. iii, iv & v d. iv, v & i e. iv, v & ii

2. The main plaza and smaller plazas should be surrounded by these principal buildings:
i. the principal church ii. Royal and Town Council House iii. Custom-House iv. Arsenal v. Lodging house

a. i, ii & iii b.i, ii, iii & iv c. iii, iv & v d. iv, v & i e. iv, v & ii

3. The following can be considered as the contribution of the Spanish period to Philippine planning knowledge:
i. Intramuros ii. The Plaza Complex iii the grid layout iv. Churches v. Friar lands

a. i, ii & iii b.i, ii, iii & iv c. iii, iv & v d. iv, v & i e. iv, v & ii

4. The Seeng Kee Co. vs. the City of Manila during Earnshaw’s time in the 1920s, can be considered as the first case
of zoning in the country. The conflict in this case was about:

a. the production of radioactive toxic products in a predominantly residential area


b. the manufacture of food seasoning in a predominantly exclusive subdivision
c. the manufacture of fish paste and soy sauce in a predominantly well-to-do residential area
d. the production of surgical masks in a garage facing a residence of a prominent politician

5. In the Philippine context, the minimum population of a component city and a highly urbanized city
respectively are:

a.100,000 – 50,000 b. 200,000 – 150,000 c. 200,000 -100,000 d. 100,000 – 200,000

6. The minimum annual income (in pesos) of a highly urbanized city and a component city in the Philippine
context respectively are:

a. 20M – 50M b. 50M – 20M c. 20M – 30M d. 10M – 20M e. 20M – 20 M

7. The minimum land area (in square kilometers) for Philippine cities and municipalities respectively are:

a. 100 – 50 b. 1000 – 500 c. 200 – 300 d. 100 – 200 e. 200 – 200

8. As of 2001, the National Capital Region is composed of thirteen (13) and four (4) municipalities. The three
(3) remaining municipalities are:
i. Navotas ii. Valenzuela iii. Pateros iv. San Juan v. Malabon

a. i,iii & iv b. i, ii & iii c. i, iv & v d. ii, iii & iv e. iii, iv & v

“The Environmental Planning Board Examination”: AREA 1-History, Concepts, Theories and Fundamentals 1
PIEP-FEU Capability-Building and Review Course, May 8-13, 2006, CPE Committee, En.P. Joel R. Oaña, Chair
9. Which of the Philippine Regions have been divided into A & B?

a. Region I b, Region 2 c. Region 3 d. Region 4 e. Region 5

10. On record, how many islands does the Philippines have and what is its total area (in sq. km.) ?

a. 7,000-250,000 b, 7,100 – 260,100 c. 7,107 - 300,000 d. 7,177 – 310,000

11. The National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA) is an attached agency of the:

a. DENR b. DA c. DAR d. NSO e. NEDA

12. The elective officials of a municipality or town are:


i. governor ii. mayor iii. vice mayor iv. Sangguniang Bayan members v. municipal secretary

a. i,iii & iv b. i, ii & iii c. i, iv & v d. ii, iii & iv e. all of the above

13. In the 1950s the capital of the Philippines was:

a. Pasig b. Manila c. Quezon City d. Pasay e. Makati

14. It is the largest unit in the political structure of the Philippines:

a. region b. megacity c. province d. metropolitan area

15. The major type of forest resources according to DENR are:


i. Timber resources ii. Minor forest products resources iii. Recreation, wildlife and water resources
iv. range resources v. ground resources

a. i,iii,iv & v b. i, ii, iii & iv c. i, iv & v d. ii, iii & iv e. all of the above

16. The light railway transit that traverses from EDSA-Taft Ave. to North Ave. is:

a. LTR1 b. LRT2 c. LRT3 d. LRT4

17. The nature of the planning profession revolves around its:

a. multidisciplinarity b. centrality c. originality d. uncertainty

18. As stated in PD 1308, Environmental Planning refers to:

a. activities concerned with the planning and regulation for the management and development of land,
as well as, the preservation, conservation, and rehabilitation of human settlements, habitats and their
natural environment

b. activities concerned with the management and development of land, as well as, the preservation,
conservation, and rehabilitation of the human environment

c. act of planning, designing, specifying, supervising, and giving general administration and responsible
direction for the growth and development of town and cities through appropriate land use

d. the art, science and profession of planning, designing and establishing communities in their totality
together with their environment

“The Environmental Planning Board Examination”: AREA 1-History, Concepts, Theories and Fundamentals 2
PIEP-FEU Capability-Building and Review Course, May 8-13, 2006, CPE Committee, En.P. Joel R. Oaña, Chair
19. Covered as scope of practice of environmental planning as stated in PD 1308 are the following:
i. the protection, conservation and rehabilitation of the natural environment and scenery to enhance
the ecological system and the quality of life
ii. development of a community, town, city and region
iii development of a site for a particular need such as housing, centers for activities concerned with research,
education, culture, recreation, or government, industrial estates, agriculture, and water resources, including
creating a spatial arrangement of buildings, utilities and communication routes
iv. pre-invesment, pre-feasibility, and feasibility engineering studies
v. landscaping and zoning valuation plans

a. i & ii b.ii & iv c. iii & v d. iv & i e. ii & iii

20. The focus in the planning of the earliest human settlements were on:

a. rationality b. productivity c. democracy d. spirituality e. livability

21. Ebenezer Howard, an early pioneer of the concept of nodal region according to Ratcliffe suggested that the
solution to problems of a large urban area such as London was by:

a. developing cluster of new towns linked to the central city


b. creation of more commuter communities
c. limiting the entry to the central city
d. establishment of self-contained communities

22. It is the planning process attributed to Patrick Geddes.


i. Assess ii. Plan iii. Survey iv. Observe v. Analysis

a. i, ii & v b. iv, v & ii c. i, iii & ii d. iii, v & ii e. i & ii

23. The following are the identified ekistic elements, in order, after nature:
i. society ii. Man iii. Shells iv. Land v. networks

a. i,ii & v b. ii, i, iii & v c. iv, ii, iii & v d. i, ii & iv

24. It is a concept of spatial development that suggests that by investing heavily in capital industries in the large urban
centers, governments in developing countries can stimulate growth that will spread outward to generate regional
development.

a.growth pole concept c.functional-spatial integration


b.decentralized territorial approach d. smart growth concept

25. The following below all pertains to the concept of spatial development usually based on the argument that urban
growth centers—even market towns and intermediate-sized cities – are parasitic; that they allow town-based elites,
large corporations and central government agencies to exploit the rural population and to drain rural areas of their
resources thus investments should not be located in these places, but dispersed in rural areas where people have
direct access to them.
i. agropolitan ii. selective regional closure iii. decentralized territorial iv. rural growth pole

a. i,ii & iii b. i, iii & iv c. i & iii d. ii, iii & iv e. all of the above

In all pursuits the most important thing that we have and can control is
our attitude and mindset affirmed in our trust of ourselves and our Creator.
Be always inspired and challenged.
In time we will be what we envisioned ourselves to be in God’s will.

“The Environmental Planning Board Examination”: AREA 1-History, Concepts, Theories and Fundamentals 3
PIEP-FEU Capability-Building and Review Course, May 8-13, 2006, CPE Committee, En.P. Joel R. Oaña, Chair