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3/16/2018 12V / 20A Regulated DC Power Supply - Power Supply Circuits

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12V / 20A Regulated DC Power Supply

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Here the circuit diagram of 12V / 20A Regulated DC Power Supply using 5 pieces of power transistor MJ2955, voltage
regulator 78S12. It will give you regulated output voltage of 12V-15V 20A.

A 350VA transformer power, the primary winding 230 , secondary winding is 18V . The secondary voltage of 18V with the
load of the transformer , the voltage at idle , it is customary in the case of such efforts is higher than 5 % to 10 % . A
transformer is designed so that it is at 100% load may be strained 24ur/dan , 120 % can be loaded up to 30 minutes , 130 %
to 10 minutes , the times they can be several times longer , if the transformer is at the beginning of the load greater than 100 %
cold and after the load has a chance to cool again . In short, the transformer can be easily allows short periods of time as 26A
, which is the maximum current rectifier . Maximum flow is determined by the emitter resistors as a drop on them opens the
transistor BD708 , then patching the base – emitter junction of the MJ2955 that the rectifier is not leaking more current than
allowed . Due to the short circuits do not harm the rectifier . The rectifier is designed so that it could withstand even through
30A , but here are the restrictions of bridge dioda 35A . But it is in such good things have enough power in reserve material
that would not happen smoke signals .

The primary part of the transformer is connected to the network via a fuse 2.5 A , and switches . Since the metal casing ,
shock-proof , wear safety plug and 3 wire cable , housing must be connected to the grounding conductor .

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3/16/2018 12V / 20A Regulated DC Power Supply - Power Supply Circuits

Secondary transformer is connected directly to the Graetz ( bridge rectifier ) KBPC35xx KBPC3504 for example , Graetz (
GR1 ) should be mandatory 35A, 50A , and can also be cooled properly . The entire rectifier circuit with large wiper
capacitors ( C1 – C10 ) value is on the PCB . Serial transistors (5x MJ2955 or Q1 – Q5 ) are mounted on the aluminum L-
profile PCB and at the same time . Total power is 575W transistors , which means it easily withstand a short circuit, although
in the case of a short circuit at the output of the rectifier dissipation in transistor max . In normal operation, the dissipation of
much smaller , since the transistors in the voltage is somewhere around 6V , which is 3 times lower dissipation as in the case of
a short circuit . The cooling fin is HR200 , aluminum L profile is 5mm thickness dimensions 50×30 mm length 200 mm ,
aluminum bracket special design has a thickness of 3mm for 78S12 ( IC1 ) and transistor ( Q6 ) BD708 , the latter must be
compulsorily cooled heat associated with alumunij L profile . Instead of transistor BD708 can also be used another PNP
transistor with similar characteristics , such as BD712 , BD912

PCB Layout design for 12V / 20A Regulated DC Power Supply:

And here for the component placement:

Please visit this page for more project images of 12V / 20A regulated DC power supply circuit.

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3/16/2018 12V / 20A Regulated DC Power Supply - Power Supply Circuits

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Power supply is an electronic device that supplies electric energy to an electrical load. The primary function of a power
supply is to convert one form of electrical energy to another and, as a result, power supplies are sometimes referred to as
electric power converters. Some power supplies are discrete, stand-alone devices, whereas others are built into larger
devices along with their loads. Examples of the latter include power supplies found in desktop computers and consumer
electronics devices.

DIY Variable DC Power S… DIY Lab Bench Power S…

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