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MATS Project

Proposal Part B

Proposal full title Multipurpose Applications by Thermodynamic Solar

Proposal acronym MATS

Funding Scheme Collaborative Project

FP7-ENERGY-2010-2-ENERGY CALL PART 2


Work programme topic
Topic 2.9-1 Demonstration of innovating multipurpose solar plants

Co-ordinator name Ing. Fabrizio Fabrizi (fabrizio.fabrizi@enea.it)

Agenzia per le Nuove Tecnologie, l’Energia e lo Sviluppo


Co-ordinator organisation
Economico Sostenibile – ENEA (IT)
MATS Project

List of participants:
No. Organisation name Country

1 (coordinator) Agenzia per le Nuove Tecnologie, l’Energia e lo Sviluppo IT


Economico Sostenibile (ENEA)
2 TECHNIP KTI spa IT

3 ASRT EG

4 NREA EG

5 DE EG

6 Fraunhofer ISE GE

7 CU UK

8 ORASCOM EG

9 RONDA IT

10 CEA FR

11 ASE IT

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MATS Project

Table of contents
1. Scientific and/or technical quality 4
1.1 Concepts and objectives 4
1.2 Progress beyond the state of the art 9
1.3 S/T methodology and associated work plan 11

2. Implementation 66
2.1 Management structure and procedures 66
2.1.1 Governing Bodies 66
2.1.2 Management Functions 67
2.1.3 Progress Reporting 68
2.1.4 Basic Rules for Effective and Cost Efficient Coordination 68
2.1.5 Project progress Control and Planning 68
2.1.6 Dissemination activities beyond the consortium 69
2.2 Individual participants 70
PARTNER 1: Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the
Sustainable Economic Development – ENEA (Italy) 71
PARTNER 2: TECHNIP KTI S.p.A. (Italy) 72
PARTNER 3: Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, ASRT (Egypt) 73
PARTNER 4: New & Renewable Energy Authority, NREA (Egypt) 75
PARTNER 5: Delft Environment (Egypt) 76
PARTNER 6: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung d. Angewandten
Forschung e.V. (ISE) (Germany) 77
PARTNER 7: Cranfield University (UK) 78
PARTNER 8: Orascom Construction Industries, OCI (Egypt) 79
PARTNER 9: RONDA Group (Italy) 80
PARTNER 10: French Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat à l'énergie
atomique, CEA) (France) 81
PARTNER 11: Archimede Solar Energy, ASE (Italy) 82

2.3 Consortium as a whole 83

2.4 Resources to be committed 83

3. Impact 84
3. 1 Impact 84
3.2 Dissemination and/or exploitation of project results, and management
of intellectual property 85

4. Ethical Issues 88

5. Consideration of gender aspects 88


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MATS Project

1. Scientific and/or technical quality

1.1 Concepts and objectives


The well-known energy problem due to the unstable oil price, uncertain reserves capacity, and local and
global pollution problems is stimulating the development of clean innovative technologies. Innovative
technologies will contribute to the reduction of GHG emissions and the creation of a more sustainable
economic structure worldwide. The exploitation of renewable energy sources for heat and energy production
is commonly considered the most promising way to reduce the impact of human activities on environment,
since clean energy technologies allow using no-fossil derived energy, without producing pollutants and
GHGs.
Among renewable energy technologies, those exploiting solar energy seem to be the most applicable
thanks to the huge and diffuse solar energy availability. Photovoltaic (PV) and Concentrating Solar Power
(CSP) plants are today mature systems to convert solar radiation into exploitable energy at competitive
costs, especially in countries belonging to the so-called “sun belt”. If PV cells allow direct conversion of solar
radiation into electricity, CSP plants allow combined heat-and-power generation suitable for several
industrial and residential applications.
The proposed MATS Project has the aim to promote the exploitation of concentrated solar energy through
small and middle scale facilities, suitable to fulfil local requirements of power and heat, and easily to back-up
with the renewable fuels locally already available or can be expressly produced. The implementation of the
project will allow to test the CSP technology in a location very advantageous with regard to the solar
radiation rate as an example for the diffusion of this technology in other Mediterranean Countries. Besides it
will represent the start-up for a development of specialized local industries.
More in detail, the MATS project is focused on the innovative CSP technology developed by ENEA as an
improvement of its Solar Thermodynamic technology based on molten salts as heat transfer fluid. This
technology, referred as TREBIOS, allows combined heat and power production from solar source integrated
with renewable fuels, such as biomass, biogas, industrial residues etc. by means of standardized units that
provide high performances and limited cost.
The objective of the proposal is the full scale demonstration of TREBIOS technology through the industrial
development, the realization and the experimental operation of a multipurpose facility to be installed in
Egypt. The thermal energy produced by this plant will be used as energy source in a desalination unit
included in the installation, as well as for district heating and cooling. The use of suitable heat storage
systems enhance mismatch of power production from the instantaneous solar radiation availability. These
features enable electrical energy production “on demand” and the optimized utilization of captured solar
heat by additional loads like desalination units. The integration with a back up fuel like biomass makes the
system flexible and enables continuous power production.
The main features of the project are listed in table 1.

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MATS Project

Tab. 1 – Main features of TREBIOS plant proposed in the MATS project


multi Combined Heat and Power plants
modular small/medium size
Integration by biomass
Functions
Integration by fossil fuels
Operation all over the year
Operation also in average sunny climates
Single thermal stratifying storage tank
Significant innovations Integrated "once-through" steam generator
Molten salts backup auxiliary heater
District heating
Special Units
Water desalination unit
distributed energy in civil sectors
Applications
distributed energy in industrial sectors

Key components of the plant will be developed individually and, afterwards, assembled to demonstrate the
functioning of the integrated system. Critical components are, for example, the MS heat storage system with
integrated steam generator, the MS heater using back up fuel, water desalination unit, etc.
At the end of the project, an optimized heat-and-power generation system powered by combined solar and
biomass sources will be demonstrated. Accordingly, this proposal includes the construction and the
experimental operation of a plant with the specifications listed in Tab. 2.

Tab. 2 – Main Specifications of the demonstration plant in MATS project


Electric Power 1,0 MW el
Outlet Thermal Power 4,0 MW th
Inlet Thermal Power 5,7 MW th
Type MED
Desalting Unit
Capacity 250 m3 per day

The main components of the plant are listed in Tab. 3. Some of these components are commercially
available, whereas other specific components need to be developed with industrial and engineering
research before assembling in the demonstration plant.

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MATS Project

Tab. 3 – Main components of the proposed facility


System Subsystem Components
Mirrors
Tracking
Solar Collectors
Framework
Receiver tube
Solar field
Piping
Pumps
Molten salt lines
Electric heater
Instruments
Steam generator with storage
Power block
Energy conversion
DCS/DAS
Auxiliary
Electric
Molten Salt Heater
Backup
Fuel treatment / storage
MED Unit
Desalting
Heat exchanger
District heater/cooler Chiller

In a preliminary evaluation, the proposed plant is supposed to be installed in Hurgada (see Fig. 1), as only
an example of location with good solar rate and close to the sea, so to operate conveniently the water
desalting unit connected to the solar plant.In Tab. 4 are reported the solar radiation data for this reference
site (data source is Climate Design Data 2009 ASHRAE Handbook).

Fig. 3 – Supposed location of the proposal plaint

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MATS Project

Tab. 4 – Yearly and monthly solar radiation data in Hurgada


kWh/m² (monthly total)
January 168
February 162
March 191
April 208
May 213
June 225
July 245
August 218
September 202
October 178
November 133
December 167
Yearly total 2308

In Fig 4 sketches the monthly contribution of solar and biomass (or other back up fuel) to energy
production whit references to the supposed localization of the pant.

120%

100%

80%

60%

40%

20%

0%
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Ago Sep Oct Nov Dec

SOLAR BIOMASS

Fig. 4 – Monthly contribution of solar and biomass (or other fuel) to energy production.

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MATS Project

The main operating specifications are listed in tab. 5.

Tab. 5 – Main Operating Specifications


Hourly pick 1 409 W/m2
Solar Rate
Yearly total 2 308 kWh/m2
Unit Length 100 m
Unit Area 540 m2
Solar Collectors
Optical Efficiency 75 %
Thermal Efficiency 83 %
No Collectors 18
Total Collector Length 1800 m
Solar Field
Total Collector Area 9 720 m2
Site Area 22 000 m2
Electric Energy 3 010 MWh
Annual Production
Thermal Energy 8 900 MWh

The investment costs are estimated on the basis of ENEA experience. They are listed in tab. 6.

Tab. 6 – Estimation of the investment costs



Solar Field 4 460 000
Thermal Storage, Steam Generator & Molten Salts 1 140 000
Power Block 1 960 000
Cogeneration System 650 000
Backup Heater 700 000
Total Solar Plant 8 910 000
Water Desalting Unit 600 000
TOTAL INVESTMENT 9 510 000

Fig. 5 shows the lay-out of the solar field with the disposition of the solar collectors and the main
components of the plant. It is possible to observe that the solar field consists of 18 parallel 100 m long solar
troughs rows. This particular configuration differs from other solution adopted for CSP plants (oil CSP and
MS ARCHIMEDE chains) where the solar collector are assemble in row of 6x100m solar collector each one,
thus appearing as a certain lot of string connected in parallel way. The MATS Project has a name that
recalls a special assembly of solar collectors in region of rows of 3x2x100 connected in series with the
successive, thus resembling to mats placed one close to the other.

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MATS Project

Fig. 5 – Lay out Draft of the MATS Project demonstration facility

1.2 Progress beyond the state of the art


The MATS demonstration facility (Multipurpose Applications by Thermodynamic Solar, i.e. CSP Trough)
aimed to demonstrate the technical-economical feasibility of the TREBIOS Chain whose technology has
been conceived by ENEA with qualified industrial and scientific partners. The base concept is to make
convenient the implementation of the Thermodynamic Solar technology in small/middle scale modular
facilities by means of various innovations relating to the components, the exploitation of the waste heat and
the integration with renewable fuels. The development of this original solution, designed for the modular
basic unit ‘MODULO CSP’ of the TREBIOS Chain, provides technological simplifications, performance
improvement and reduction of plant costs
TREBIOS project is based on a “MODULO CSP” basic unit, that is able both to fit energy requests by
renewable sources all over the country and to compete economically with small-sized fossil fuelled tri-
generative systems on the market. Larger power sizes can be achieved assembling more “MODULO CSP”
units in a modular configurations, as shown in Fig. 1.

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MATS Project

BEST CSP MODULO CSP


16 MWt, 4.00 MWe, 24.0 ha 1 MWt, 0.25 MWe, 1.5 ha

MAX CSP
25MWt, 14MWe, 32.5ha

___ MWt => total thermal power (*)


___ MWe => electric power (*)
___ ha => solar field extension
(*) rated annual average (total MWh
per year / 8,760 hr per year) ISOLA CSP
4 MWt, 1.00 MWe, 6.0 ha

Fig. 1 – Assembling options for CSP plants of various sizes

The main innovations of TREBIOS technology are:


- thermal storage system with only one special (thermal stratification) tank;
- once-through steam generator integrated and submerged into the heat storage tank;
- back-up system with direct heating of molten salts by means of the combustion of biomass (or other
fuels);
- modular lay-out of the solar field with special technologies (low cost and high reliability) for auxiliary
heating system of piping for maintenance and protection against MS HTF accidental solidification.

The sum of such innovations allows to contain the investment cost since the first applications, favouring the
diffusion of this technology.
The development of this original solution, designed for the modular basic unit ‘MODULO CSP’ of the
TREBIOS Chain, provides technological simplifications, performance improvement and reduction of plant
costs
The Fig. 2 sketches the outline of TREBIOS technology.

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MATS Project

Fig. 2 – Outline of TREBIOS technology

The size of the prototype of TES_SG was chosen to verify the minimum size still cheap, easily transportable
on road and fully assembled in the workshop with minimized operations at construction site. One of the aims
of the project will be to verify that the innovative TES_SG subsystem is economically and functionally
compatible with distributed energy and multi-purpose plants that have technical-economic requirements
different in the respect of large solar power plant as ARCHIMEDE Chain

1.3 S/T methodology and associated work plan

Overall strategy of the work plan


MATS is planned as a three-year project with its main activities implemented around the following activities:
Management extends throughout the Project duration and it involves the co-ordination and management of
the project, the dissemination of results and the actions for the exploitation of the Projects’ outcome within
and outside the partnership.
Development and building of key components extends throughout the first two years of the Project,
including the following tasks and subtasks:
1. Solar field involves design, building & pilot plant testing for characterizing various materials, components,
instruments etc., including new reflecting surfaces & various innovating devices; basic facilities are: solar
collection system, receiver tube, solar collector support structure, and molten salt pipeline.
2. Thermal Energy Storage System & Steam Generator involves design, building & pilot plant testing for
characterizing steam generator & molten salt thermal stratification with resistance control at various
temperature of tank wall.
3. Power Block, with selection & characterization of the most proper turbine.
4. Cogeneration subsystem / Hot & Cold Distribution Lines, involving selection & characterization of the
most proper chillers and connected devices.

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MATS Project

5. Molten Salt Heater & Biomass Gasifier, dealing with the design, building and pilot plant testing for
characterizing special molten salt heater, including a special biomass gasifier and gas burner
6. Water Desalination Unit, involving design, building & pilot plant testing for characterizing innovative
desalination unit.
7. Control & Automation System, involving design, building & pilot plant testing for characterizing innovative
instruments, control & automation system.
Basic Engineering extends throughout the Project duration and involves detailed design, prefabrication,
environmental impact evaluation, PED procedure, etc.
Experimental testing extends throughout the last years of the Project, involving the experimental
demonstration of the complete system, including operation, testing, and O&M system management.
In the first stage a strong emphasis is put on R&D activities on the following innovative key components:
• Thermal Storage System with integrated steam generator.
• Molten Salt Heater & Biomass Gasifier.
• Water MED Desalination Unit.
In parallel, engineering studies will be carried out for the design of the whole plant, including solar field,
power block, Cogeneration subsystem / Hot & Cold Distribution Lines, and Control & Automation System.
In the working programme, several strategic milestones are defined in order to check the progress of the
work by joint project meetings and exchange of informative notices concerning the state of the art and actual
project task developments at essential task situations. Relevant milestones (M1, M2, M3) are expected after
18 months of the project with the final detailed design of the above key components. Detailed design of the
whole co-generative plant will be the topic of milestone M4.
Moreover, at month 18 a mid-term assessment will evaluate the achievement of specified objectives,
quantified by milestones M1, M2, M3, and M4 at this stage for the technical/scientific progress as well as the
exploitation perspectives for the results.
The construction of the plant will be performed in the subsequent six months, with milestone M5 expected at
month 24. During the last year of the project the plant will be tested and results will be evaluated and
compared with the expected ones.

MATS project timing of WP: Gantt chart


The schedule of the main activities are shown in Tab. 6.
The construction of the plant will be performed in the subsequent six months, with milestone M5 expected at
month 24. During the last year of the project the plant will be tested and results will be evaluated and
compared with the expected ones.

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MATS Project

MATS project timing of WP: Gantt chart


The schedule of the main activities are shown in Tab. 7.

Tab. 7 - Schedule
Project YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3
Work package No Work package Milestone Name
Month 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
WP.1 Project Management 36
WP.2 Solar field RTD
2.1 Completing of preliminary tests 12
WP.3 Solar field Design and Construction
3.1 Preliminary Draf 3
3.2 Request of Building Permit 4
3.3 Granting of Building Permit 6
Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site
3.4 8
preparation works
3.5 Executive design 12
3.6 Start up of works on the Building Site 9
3.7 Completion of works 24
WP.4 TES_SG Subsystem RTD
4.1 Completing of preliminary tests 12
WP.5 TES_SG Subsystem Design and Construction
5.1 Preliminary Draft for Request of Building Permit 3
5.2 Granting of Building Permit 6
5.3 Project Executive, Parts: ground works and site preparation 8
5.4 Project Executive, 12
5.5 Start up of works on the Building Site 9
5.6 Completion of work 24
WP.6
WP.7 Power Block Design and Construction
7.1 Preliminary design 3
7.2 Project Executive 12
7.3 Start up of site works 9
7.4 Completion of work 24
WP.8
Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem Design and
WP.9 Construction
9.1 Preliminary design 3
9.2 Project Executive 12
9.3 Start up of site works 9
9.4 Completion of works 24
WP.10
WP.11 MSH Design and Construction
11.1 Preliminary design 3
11.2 Project Executive 12
11.3 Start up of site works 16
11.4 Completion of works 24
WP.12
WP.13 MED DU Design and Construction
13.1 Preliminary design 3
13.2 Project Executive 12
13.3 Start up of site works 9
13.4 Completion of works 24
MATS Project

%
WP.14 Civil Works Design and Construction
14.1 Preliminary Draft 3
14.2 Granting of Building Permit 6
Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site
14.3 12
preparation works
14.4 Start up of works on the Building Site 12
14.5 Completion of works 24
WP.15 Service Systems Design and Construction
15.1 Preliminary Draft 3
Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site
15.2 12
preparation works
15.3 Start up of works on the Building Site 12
15.4 Completion of works 24
Control and Automation Systems Design and Construction
WP.16
16.1 Project Executive 12
16.2 Start up of works 9
16.3 Completion of works 24
WP.17 MATS Facility
17.1 General basic project executive 3
17.2 Executive design 12
17.3 Start up of works on the Building Site 9
17.4 Completion of works 24
17.5 Technical administrative final test 26
WP.18 Experimental Characterization

Solar Field – TES_SG– Power Block – H/C cogeneration


18.1 36
Subsystem –MS Heater-MED DU Experimental Characterization
18.2 Experimental Characterization with the MATS facility 36

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MATS Project

Work description

Table 1.3 a: Work package list


Work Work package title Type Lead Lead Start End
5
package of participant participant Person- month month
1 2 3 4
No activity No short months
name

1 Project Management MGT 1 EN 75,00 1 36


2 Solar Field - Preliminary Experimental activities RTD 10 CE 175,55 1 12
3 Solar Field - Design and Construction DEM 2 TE 144,68 1 24
4 TES_SG - Preliminary Experimental activities RTD 1 EN 83,48 1 12
5 TES_SG - Design and Construction DEM 2 TE 41,74 1 24
6 Power Block - Preliminary Experimental activities RTD 6 FI 68,60 1 12
7 Power Block - Design and Construction DEM 2 TE 66,64 1 24
8 Heat/Cold Cogeneration - Preliminary Experimental activities RTD 7 CU 27,30 1 12
9 Heat/Cold Cogeneration - Design and Construction DEM 2 TE 22,10 1 24
10 Molten Salts Heater- Preliminary Experimental activities RTD 1 EN 49,00 1 16
11 Molten Salts Heater - Design and Construction DEM 2 TE 23,80 1 24
12 MED Desalination Unit - Preliminary Experimental activities RTD 3 AS 87,60 1 12
13 MED Desalination Unit - Design and Construction DEM 2 TE 24,20 1 24
14 Civil Works - Design and Construction DEM 8 OR 48,46 1 24
15 Service Systems - Design and Construction DEM 3 AS 14,72 1 24
16 Control and Automation Systems - Design and Construction DEM 1 EN 14,72 1 24
17 Basic Engineering - EPC DEM 2 TE 246,61 1 24
18 Experimental operation RTD 3 AS 314,27 24 36
TOTAL 1528,45

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MATS

Table 1.3 b: Delivarable list

Delivery
Deliver
WP Disseminat date
able Deliverable name Nature
No. ion level (project
No.
month)
1.1 Progress, Mid-term and Final reports 1 R CO 12, 18, 24,
36
1.2 Project’s website 1 O CO/PU 4
…. ….

2.1 Solar Field – HTF (Molten Salts) Collection System – Experimental Characterization and 2 R PP 12
Numerical modelling report
2.2 Solar Field - Receiver Tube - Experimental Characterization and Numerical modelling 2 R PP 12
report
2.3 Solar Field – Solar Collectors - Experimental Characterization and Numerical modelling 2 R PP 12
report
3.1 Solar Field - HTF (Molten Salts) Collection System – Project Executive, T0+12, 3 R PP 12
TECHNIP_KTI
3.2 Solar Field - Receiver Tube - Project Executive, T0+12, ASE 3 R PP 12
3.3 Solar Field - Solar Collectors - Project Executive, T0+12, RONDA 3 R PP 12
3.4 Solar Field - HTF (Molten Salts) collection system – Commissioning report, T12+14, 3 R PP 26
TECHNIP_KTI
3.5 Solar Field - Receiver Tube - Commissioning report, T12+14, ASE 3 R PP 26
3.6 Solar Field - Solar Collectors - Commissioning report, T12+14, RONDA 3 R PP 26
4.1 TES_SG Subsystem – Experimental Characterization and Thermofluid dynamic and 4 R PP 12
Thermomechanical Numerical modelling report , T0+12, ENEA
4.2 TES_SG Subsystem – MS Mixture charge – Thermochemical and Termophysical 4 R PP 12
Experimental Characterization report, T0+12, ENEA
4.3 TES_SG Subsystem – Special UPS – Experimental Characterization report, T0+12, CU 4 R PP 12
5.1 TES_SG Subsystem – Project executive, T0 + 12, TECHNIP_KTI 5 R PP 12
5.2 TES_SG Subsystem – MS Mixture part – Project executive and specifics for MS supply, T0 5 R PP 12
+ 12, TECHNIP_KTI
5.3 TES_SG Subsystem – Special UPS – Project executive report, T0+12, CU 5 R PP 12
5.4 TES_SG Subsystem – Commissioning report, T12+14, TECHNIP_KTI 5 R PP 26
MATS Project

5.5 TES_SG Subsystem – MS Mixture part – Commissioning report, T12+14, TECHNIP_KTI 5 R PP 26


5.6 TES_SG Subsystem – Special UPS – Commissioning report, T12+14, CU 5 R PP 26
6.1 A3-T.1.1 – Power Block - Numerical physical-mathematical modelling report, T0+12, (TE) 6 R PP 12
7.1 A3-T.2.1 - Power Block - Project Executive, T0+12, (TE) 7 R PP 12
7.2 A3-T.3.2 – Power Block – Commissioning report, T12+12, (TE) 7 R PP 24
8.1 A.4.1 – Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Numerical simulation report, 8 R PP 12
T0+12, (CU)
9.1 A..4.2 – Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Project Executive, T0+12, (TE) 9 R PP 12
9.2 A.4.3 – Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Commissioning report, T12+12, 9 R PP 24
(TE)
10.1 A.5.1 – MSH - Numerical physical-mathematical modelling report, EN, T0+12 10 R PP 12
11.1 A.5.2 - MSH - Project executive, TE, T0 + 16 11 R PP 16
11.2 A.5.3 – MSH – Commissioning report, TE, T16+10 11 R PP 26
12.1 A.6.1 – MED DU - Numerical physical-mathematical modelling, EN, T0+12 12 R PP 12
13.1 A.6.2 - MED DU - Project executive, TE, T0 + 12 13 R PP 12
13.2 A.6.3 – MED DU – Commissioning report, TE,T12+14 13 R PP 26
14.1 A.7.1 – Civil Works – Preliminary design, T0 + 3, KTI 14 R PP 3
14.2 A.7.2 - Civil Works – Project Executive, T3 + 9, KTI 14 R PP 12
14.3 A.7.3 - Civil Works - Commissioning report, T12 +12, KTI 14 R PP 24
15.1 A7-T.1 – Service Systems – Preliminary design, T0 + 3, KTI 15 R PP 3
15.2 A7-T.2 - Service Systems – Project Executive, T3 + 9, KTI 15 R PP 12
15.3 A7-T.3 - Service Systems - Commissioning report, T12 +12, KTI 15 R PP 24
16.1 A.9.1 - Control and Automation Systems – Project Executive, T3 + 9, KTI 16 R PP 12
16.2 A.9.2 - Control and Automation Systems - Commissioning report, T12 +12, KTI 16 R PP 24
17.1 C.1.1 – MATS Facility – General basic project executive, T0+12, TE 17 R PP 12
17.2 C.1.2 – MATS Facility - Commissioning report, T12+14, KTI 17 R PP 26
18.1 C.1 - Solar Field – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 R PP 36
18.2 C.2 – TES_SG – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 R PP 36
18.3 C.3 – Power Block – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 R PP 36
18.4 C.4 - HC – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 R PP 36
18.5 C.5 - MSH – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 R PP 36
18.6 C.6 – MED DU – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 R PP 36

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MATS Project

Table 1.3 c: List of Milestones

Milesto Work
ne package(s) Expected Means of
number Milestone name involved date 1 verification2
2.1 A.1.1.a, Solar Field – Completing of preliminary tests 2 12 report
3.1 A.1.2.a, Solar Field – Preliminary Draft, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+3, report 3 3 report
3.2 A.1.2.b, Solar Field – Request of Building Permit, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+4, certificate 3 4 certificate
3.3 A.1.2.c, Solar Field – Granting of Building Permit, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+6, certificate 3 6 certificate
A.1.2.d, Solar Field – Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site preparation
3.4 works, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+8, report 3 8 report
3.5 A.1.2.e, Solar Field – Executive design, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+12, report 3 12 report
3.6 A.1.3.a, Solar Field – Start up of works on the Building Site, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+9, certificate 3 9 certificate
A.1.3.b, Solar Field – Molten salt collection system, Completion of works, TECHNIP_KTI,
3.7 T0+24, certificate 3 24 certificate
3.8 A.1.3.c, Solar Field – Receiver Tube, Completion of works, ASE, T0+24, certificate 3 24 certificate
3.9 A.1.3.d, Solar Field – Solar Collectors, Completion of works, RONDA, T0+24, certificate 3 24 certificate
3.10 A.1.3.d, Solar Field – Technical administrative final test, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+26, certificate 3 26 certificate
4.1 A.2 .1.a TES_SG Subsystem - Completing of preliminary tests, ENEA, T0+12, report 4 12 report
A.2.1.b TES_SG Subsystem – MS Mixture charge – Completing of preliminary tests, T0+12,
4.2 ENEA, report 4 12 report
A.2.1.c TES_SG Subsystem – Special UPS – Completing of preliminary tests, T0+12, CU,
4.3 report 4 12 report
5.1 A.2.2.a TES_SG Subsystem – Preliminary Draft, T0 + 3, ENEA, report 5 3 report
5.2 A.2.2.b TES_SG Subsystem – Request of Building Permit – T0+4, TECHNIP_KTI, certificate 5 4 certificate
5.3 A.2.2.c TES_SG Subsystem – Granting of Building Permit – T0+6, TECHNIP_KTI, certificate 5 6 certificate
A.2.2.d TES_SG Subsystem – Project Executive, Parts: ground works and site preparation,
5.4 T0 + 8, TECHNIP_KTI, report 5 8 report
5.5 A.2.2.e TES_SG Subsystem – Project Executive, T0 +12, TECHNIP_KTI, report 5 12 report
A.2.3.a TES_SG Subsystem – Start up of works on the Building Site, T0 +9, TECHNIP_KTI,
5.6 certificate 5 9 certificate
5.7 A.2.3.b TES_SG Subsystem - Completion of work, T0 + 24, TECHNIP_KTI, certificate 5 24 certificate
A.2.3.c TES_SG Subsystem -Technical administrative final test,T0 + 26, TECHNIP_KTI,
5.8 certificate 5 26 certificate

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MATS Project

6.1 A3-T.1.a, Power Block – Preliminary design, T0+3, TE, report 6 3 report
7.1 A3-T.2.a, Power Block – Preliminary design, T0+3, TE, report 7 3 report
7.2 A3-T.2.b, Power Block – Project Executive, T3+9, TE, report 7 12 report
7.3 A3-T.3.a, Power Block – Start up of site works, TE, T0+9, certificate 7 9 certificate
7.4 A3-T.3 b, Power Block – Completion of works, TE, T12+12, certificate 7 24 certificate
7.5 A3-T.3.c, Power Block – Technical administrative final test, TE, T24+2, report 7 26 report
A.4.2.a Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Preliminary design, TE, T0+3,
9.1 report 9 3 report
A.4.2.b Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Project Executive, TE, T3+9,
9.2 report 9 12 report
A.4.3.a Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Start up of site works, TE, T0+9,
9.3 certificate 9 9 certificate
A.4.3.b, Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Completion of works, TE,
9.4 T12+12, certificate 9 24 certificate
A.4.3.c Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Technical administrative final
9.5 test, TE, T24+2, report 9 26 report
11.1 A.5.2 a MSH – Preliminary design, T0+3, TE, report 11 3 report
11.2 A.5.2.b MSH – Project Executive, T3+9, TE, report 11 12 report
11.3 A.5.3.a MSH – Start up of site works, TE, T0+16, certificate 11 16 certificate
11.4 A.5.3.b MSH – Completion of works, TE, T16+8, certificate 11 24 certificate
11.5 A.5.3.c MSH – Technical administrative final test, TE, T24+2, report 11 26 report
13.1 A.6.2 a MED DU – Preliminary design, T0+3, TE, report 13 3 report
13.2 A.6.2.b MED DU – Project Executive, T3+9, TE, report 13 12 report
13.3 A.6.3.a MED DU – Start up of site works, TE, T0+9, certificate 13 16 certificate
13.4 A.6.3.b MED DU – Completion of works, TE, T12+12, certificate 13 24 certificate
13.5 A.6.3.c MED DU – Technical administrative final test, TE, T24+2, report 13 26 report
14.1 A.7.1.a, Civil Works – Preliminary Draft, KTI, T0 + 3, report 14 3 report
14.2 A.7.2.a, Civil Works – Request of Building Permit, KTI, T0 + 4, certificate 14 4 certificate
14.3 A.7.2.b, Civil Works – Granting of Building Permit, KTI, T0 + 6, certificate 14 6 certificate
A.7.2.c, Civil Works – Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site preparation
14.4 works, KTI, T3 + 9, report 14 12 report
14.5 A.7.3.a, Civil Works – Start up of works on the Building Site, KTI, T3 + 9, certificate 14 12 certificate
14.6 A.7.3.b, Civil Works – Completion of works, KTI, T12 +12, certificate 14 24 certificate
14.7 A.7.3.c, Civil Works – Technical administrative final test, KTI, T12 +14, certificate 14 26 certificate
15.1 A7-T.1, Service Systems – Preliminary Draft, KTI, T0 + 3, report 15 3 report

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MATS Project

A7-T.2, Service Systems – Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site
15.2 preparation works, KTI, T 3 + 9, report 15 12 report
15.3 A7-T.3.a, Service Systems – Start up of works on the Building Site, KTI, T3 + 9, certificate 15 12 certificate
15.4 A7-T.3.b, Service Systems – Completion of works, KTI, T12 +1 2, certificate 15 24 certificate
15.5 A7-T.3.c, Service Systems – Technical administrative final test, KTI, T12 + 14, certificate 15 26 certificate
16.1 A.9.1, Control and Automation Systems – Project Executive, KTI, T0 + 12, report 16 12 report
16.2 A.9.2.a, Control and Automation Systems – Start up of works, KTI, T0 + 9, certificate 16 9 certificate
16.3 A.9.2.b, Control and Automation Systems – Completion of works, KTI, T12 +1 2, certificate 16 24 certificate
A.9.2.c, Control and Automation Systems – Technical administrative final test, KTI, T12+14,
16.4 certificate 16 26 certificate
17.1 C.1.1 – MATS Facility – General basic project executive – Preliminary Draft, KTI, T0+3, report 17 3 report
17.2 C.1.2 – MATS Facility – Request of Building Permit, KTI, T0+4, certificate 17 4 certificate
17.3 C.1.3 – MATS Facility – Granting of Building Permit, KTI, T0+6, certificate 17 6 certificate
C.1.4 – MATS Facility – Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site
17.4 preparation works, KTI, T0+8, report 17 8 report
17.5 C.1.5 – MATS Facility – Executive design, KTI, T0+12, report 17 12 report
17.6 C.2.1 – MATS Facility – Start up of works on the Building Site, KTI, T0+9, certificate 17 9 certificate
17.7 C.2.2 – MATS Facility – Completion of works, KTI, T0+24, certificate 17 24 certificate
17.8 C.2.3 – MATS Facility – Technical administrative final test, KTI, T0+26, certificate 17 26 certificate
18.1 C.1 - Solar Field – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 36 report
18.2 C.2 – TES_SG – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 36 report
18.3 C.3 – Power Block – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 36 report
18.4 C.4 - HC – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 36 report
18.5 C.5 - MSH – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 36 report
18.6 C.6 – MED DU – Experimental Characterization report, T0+36, ENEA 18 36 report

20
MATS
Table 1.3 d: Workpackage description:

Work-package number: 1 Start date T0


Work-package title: MANAGEMENT
Activity Type: MGT
Participant number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Participant short name EN TE AS NR DE FI CU OR RO CE AR
Person-months per participant 45 5 5 3 2 2 2 3 2 2 2

OBJECTIVES
To perform the administrative, technical and financial management of the project;
To control quality and timing of project results and to resolve conflicts;
To set up inter project communication rules;
To co-ordinate the contacts with the EC.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants
The work is split into the following main tasks:
Financial and organizational issues. Based on the consortium agreement, the contract with the EC and on
the administrative and financial data agreed among the partners, ENEA will carry out the project
management from the point of view of being the interface with the EC, collecting all the administrative
material during the life of the project (e.g. cost statements, bank guarantees and audit forms), performing
the payments of the grant from the commission to the project partners, managing the contract amendments
that can happen during the life of the project.
Technical Coordination. Based on the consortium agreement, the contract with the EC and on the
administrative and financial data agreed among the partners, the project coordinator will perform the
technical coordination of the project by coordinating at consortium level the technical activities inside the
project.
Knowledge Management and IPR.. Deals with the Knowledge Management within the project as well as the
IPR issues addressed by the project In this work package will be defined the set up of the protocols and
tools for project communication and document exchange, the kick-off meeting organization, the gender
equality promotion control, the set up and timely delivery of project technical deliverables. Official project
meetings and reviews will be agreed with the EC by ENEA and prepared with the goal to successful
advance in the project.

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


• Progress and management reports at the deadlines defined by the signed contract scheme
• Public final report, assessment of the project results. The document qualifies the project objectives
with respect to key evaluation criteria agreed among the partners, maps the objectives into
operational goals and identifies how to achieve them, establishes measurement criteria and
parameters of project progress and success (T0+36)
MATS Project

Work-package number: 2 Start date T0


Work-package title: Solar Field – Preliminary experimental activities

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type RTD


Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2 11 9
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE AR RO
Person-month [p/m] 34,61 36,57 4,91 8,47 17,84 44,60 8,92 19,62

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUB-SYSTEM/COMPONENTS TO BE BUILT: SOLAR FIELD
Realization of the ‘Solar Field’ Subsystem of the demonstration facility MATS (Multipurpose
Applications by Thermodynamic Solar, i.e. CSP Trough TREBIOS Chain of ENEA), assembled in n. 3
sections (1/2 MODULO CSP) of n. 3 2x100 meters strings, connected to form three closed loops
starting from a collector at the end of the pipe used for supplying salts, and close to a drain pipe at the
beginning of the return. Each string consists of n. 2 100 m high-temperature linear solar collectors in
series that can follow the position of the sun and collect solar radiation during the day in the form of
thermal energy accumulated in the process fluid at temperatures up to 550 ° C. In total, the solar field
is composed of 18 100 m solar collectors type ENEA-RONDA for a total mirrors area equal to 9720
m2, with the use of n. 432 receiver tubes type ENEA-ASE, and an occupation of territory of about 2
hectares (and 0.5-1.0 has for the other subsystems).
This system solution, consisting in 1 + 1/2 MODULO CSP, was chosen to obtain a system able to
power: - a steam backpressure turbine of at least 1 MWe for 10 hours; - other multifunction
applications employing exhaust steam, such as desalinator, chiller, etc. at conditions of solar radiation
in Egypt. In this way we obtain the full study of the TREBIOS CSP Chain based on MODULO CSP,
exploring the expandability of the base unit performances while maintaining fixed the originally criteria
of pre-fabrication, portability and size of the planned TES_SG system, including the expansion of the
integrated system working field. It will be explored the possibility to adopt a twin turbine with two
sections of 0.5 MWe in parallel, so getting the maximum in flexibility and testing of the basic module.
The use of molten salts as working fluid as opposed to other solutions (oils, liquid sodium, etc.), has
the advantage of being cheaper, to have a lower environmental impact, to be intrinsically safe (non-
flammable, working low pressure < 10 bar), to have a high operating temperature (550°C), and mainly
to give the possibility to use the same fluid as Heat Transfer Fluid and as high temperature Storage
Medium. Conversely, they have a solidification temperature of around 240°C, which involves the use
of auxiliary systems for heating piping.
The characteristic of the basic module of the Solar Field is to have an energetically efficient, reliable
and environmental low impact structure, which can be combined with other units according to locally
user needs.
The Solar Field subsystem is further subdivided in the following components:
1. Molten salt collection system (HTF MS collection system), consisting of piping network for
distribution and collection of molten salts, process instrumentation, auxiliary heating system and
other ancillary equipment. This subset is provided with a preliminary RTD activity described below:
o Molten salts piping grid: it provides to convey the carrier fluid and to rule the solar field
operation;
o Instrumentation and monitoring control systems: they have the task of monitoring the
thermofluid dynamic parameters (pressure, temperature, etc.) and steer the process in
22
MATS Project

appropriate control logics;


o Auxiliary electric heating system for piping and solar receiver tubes: it allows, in some
operating plant conditions (i.e., at start up), to avoid unwanted salt solidification in various parts
of the hydraulic circuit of the plant;
o Additional facilities (control & signals systems, electrical ground system, energy distribution,
etc.) that complement the central system.
2. Receiver Tube: it consists of the solar receiver (each tube of 4.060 m length), assembled on the
arms of the concentrating structure, including auxiliary equipment (hoods, joints, electrical
insulating devices, electrical connections, etc.).
3. Solar Collectors: they consist of the concentrator structure: mirrors, additional elements such as
pilings, solar tracking drive, collector controls and connections, excluded linear tube receiver
(HCE, Heat Collection Elements). The linear parabolic solar concentrator of ENEA type has a
nominal length of 100 m and is able to intercept and concentrate the solar radiation on a receiver
tube with a collection efficiency (ratio of solar energy intercepted and the concentrated one on a
cylindrical receiver tube with a 70 mm diameter) greater than 80%. The concentrator consists of: -
n. 8 modules of nominal length 12.18 m; - a series of parabolic reflective surfaces (mirrors); - a
mirrors support system; - a torque tube; - a module support system. The engine block is located at
the center of the structure. The reflective surfaces form a cylindrical-parabolic surface of 5.9 m
opening, 12.18 m length and 1.81 m fire. The innovation elements of this concentrator are:
o reflective surfaces of high reflectivity (>95%), high durability, low weight, high safety factor,
absence of regulations;
o light weight support structure, high torsion stiffness, easy to assemble and with a minimum
level of regulation.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


The layout plant in homogeneous areas (sections) of temperature (three strings of 200 m length
connected in parallel, differently from the single string of 600 m length of the ARCHIMEDE Project),
connected in series with a n-times replicable modular configuration, allows a reduction up to 50% in
the cost of the auxiliary heating systems.
The use of ordinary tools instead of special ones (e.g., diaphragm seals for pressure measurements)
for the process parameters to be continuously monitored (pressure, temperature, flow rates, etc.),
leads to savings on equipment up to 30% more than that provided in the ARCHIMEDE Project.

OBIECTIVES OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION ACTIVITIES


Definition of technical specifications and calculating models for the Solar Field subsystem of the
demonstrator facility MATS, with adaptation to the conditions of the chosen site of the installation base
module MODULO CSP, of the TREBIOS Chain designed by ENEA, by using the experimental
equipment and the test sections on a reduced scale already available in ENEA for the production of
the data required for detailed design of components in scale, and the data from a weather climatic
radiometric station for the purpose installed on the chosen site.
In addition to the computational models, in particular the following areas will be brought to the level of
specific design innovations, as they constitute powerful factors of technological acceleration of a
systems chain of highly original technology, even compared to the sector of the ARCHIMEDE Project;
moreover they are of great interest also internationally with the application of molten salts in a full and
confident way, using at the best their quality and avoiding their defects, with a very innovative
approach than hitherto.

23
MATS Project

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 1 – Experimental preliminary characterization and modelling of the Solar Field - RTD
(T0+12)
With reference to the various subsystems the following activities (RTD activities) will be carried out,
with experimental tests at the ENEA Casaccia Research Center:
1. Molten salts collection system (HTF collection system):
a) Industry-standard characterization of the original types of piping for molten salts, including the
various components and devices online; prepared by (ENEA, TE)
b) Optimization of the plant layout and design of the solar field of a MODULO CSP plant, with
related online equipment and components (supports, ancillary facilities, etc.); prepared by
(ENEA, TE)
c) Optimization of the control and instrumentation system for the monitoring of operating
conditions (normal and incidental) of the solar field and the different measuring devices with
innovative low cost features; prepared by (ENEA, TE)
d) Development and experimental test of the auxiliary heating system (against the molten salts
freezing during accident, maintenance operation and filling/draining operation of the loops) by
direct Joule effect in DC of receiver tubes and piping, including components and fittings, with
prefabricated solutions at low cost and high reliability; prepared by (ENEA, TE)
e) Development of numerical thermofluid dynamic and electrical lumped parameter models for the
study of the operating conditions of distribution/collection of MS flowing into piping grid and
receiver tubes of solar collectors (using on the specific model developed for the single-
collector), in nominal and accidental conditions, including the: - simulation of solidification and
of the subsequent re-melting of salts; - heat losses; simulation of mechanical stress and
structural wind loads; - seismic characterization of foundations over typical geological sites
such situations in the regions of interest; - estimates of "aging" of the structure; -
characterization with respect to the climate of reference countries (Egypt and Southern Italy),
for use in initial design and validated with experimental data from the final year. (ENEA, CEA,
ASRT, TE)

2. Receiver Tube:
a) Development of numerical thermofluid dynamic and electrical lumped parameter models for the
study of the operating conditions of the single receiver tube of a 100 m solar collector and of a
molten salts single string type, in normal and accidental conditions, including the simulation of
solidification and re-melting of the salts and of the thermal losses with respect to climate
characterization of reference countries (Egypt and Southern Italy), for use in initial design and
validated with experimental data from the final year. (Costs computed in the engineering
activities for components); (ENEA, CU, ASRT, ASE)
b) Qualification of a representative sample of receiver tubes in laboratory before installation on
the solar field, i.e. thermal losses, emissivity, etc., to ascertain their reference characteristics to
compare with on site ones; (ENEA, CU)
c) Set up of instrumentation for the control of integrity and ageing of the receiver tubes on site
during operation, in order to define the management of maintenance operation; (ENEA, CU);

3. Solar Collectors:

24
MATS Project

a) Development of numerical models of concentration performance of a solar collector, including


3D motion simulation, with characterization of the profile of concentrated heat flux, simulation
of mechanical stress and structural wind loads and seismic characterization of foundations
over typical geological situations such sites regions of interest, estimates of "aging" of
structures and mirrors, with respect to climate characterization of reference countries (Egypt
and Southern Italy), for use in initial design and validated with experimental data from the final
year. (Costs computed in the engineering activities for components), prepared by (ENEA, FI,
CU, ASRT, RONDA);
b) Optical qualification of a representative sample of mirrors in laboratory before installation on
the solar field, i.e. shape conformity, reflectivity, etc., to ascertain their reference characteristics
to compare with on site ones; (ENEA, FI, CU)
c) Set up of instrumentation for the control of dusting of the mirrors on site during operation, in
order to define the management of cleaning operation; (FI);
d) Set up of instrumentation for optical characterization and qualification on site of solar
collectors, aimed to improve the overall efficiency of the system operation. (CU)

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)

2.1 A.1.1.1 - Solar Field – Experimental Characterization and Numerical modelling of the subsystems:
HTF collection system, Receiver Tube and Solar Collectors , final report, T0+12, ENEA

Milestones (brief description and expected month)

2.1 A.1.1.a, Solar Field – Completing of preliminary tests, ENEA, T0+12, report

Input Data / Interface

25
MATS Project

Work-package number: 3 Start date T0


Work-package title: Solar Field – Design and Construction

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type DEM


Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2 11 9
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE AR RO
Person-month [p/m] 12,13 11,15 2,45 3,88 3,57 44,60 17,84 49,06

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUB-SYSTEM/COMPONENTS TO BE BUILT: SOLAR FIELD
Refer to WP2.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


Refer to WP2.

OBIECTIVES OF THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES


Based on the RTD preliminary results and the patented know-how, will be developed the executive
design of the Solar Field subsystems, including the arrangement of numerical models for the
simulation and evaluation of its operation performance as described above.
The supply and the subsequent on site construction and commissioning of the Solar Field sub-system
also may provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners (ie, they will supply and install their
components and participate in the experimental program), and these actions will be carefully
coordinated by EPC.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 2 - Design of the Solar Field - DEM (Engineering) (T0+12)


Based on the RTD preliminary results and the patented know-how, it will be developed the preliminary
design (T0 +3) and the project executive (T3 +9) of the Solar Field subsystem, including the
arrangement of numerical models for the simulation and evaluation of its operation performance as
described above. Patents and technologies developed by ENEA and other industrial partners, ASE
and RONDA, will be used for the design of the demonstration plant with the assigned size, including
the exploitation of the innovative components indicated as carrier of technology acceleration factors.
The size of the demonstration facility has been chosen to verify the minimum size still cheap, easily
transportable and fully assembled in workshop with minimized shipyard operations. One of the aims of
the project will be to verify that the new type of layout of the Solar Field subsystem (TREBIOS Chain
type) is economically and functionally compatible with the systems of energy production known to
have distributed and multi-functional technical requirements different in relation to economic large
solar power plants, as the ARCHIMEDE Project.

26
MATS Project

For each of the subsystems listed in, the detailed design will be complete in every detail of
construction, including the technical specifications of supplies, in order to fit into the demonstration
plant overall design prepared by the EPC, as outlined in WP B:

1. Molten salt collection system (HTF collection system), consisting of the piping network for
distribution and collection of molten salts, the process instrumentation, auxiliary heating system and
other ancillary equipment; (ENEA, TECHNIP_KTI)

2. Receiver Tube, consisting of the solar receiver (each tube of 4.060 m length), assembled on the
arms of the concentrating structure, including auxiliary equipment (hoods, joints, electrical insulating
devices, electrical connections, etc.); (ENEA, ASE)
3. Solar Collectors, consisting of the concentrator structure: mirrors, additional elements such as
pilings, solar tracking drive, collector controls and connections, excluded linear tube receiver (HCE,
Heat Collection Elements); (ENEA, RONDA).

Task 3 - Building up of the Solar Field - DEM (Procurement and Construction) (T6+18)
The supply and the subsequent on site construction and commissioning of the Solar Field subsystem
also provides for the direct sharing of some industrial partners (ie, they will supply and install their
components and participate in the experimental program), and these actions will be carefully
coordinated by EPC. For each of the subsystems listed in, the procurement and implementation will be
organized as follows (see also the WP B):
1. Molten salt collection system (HTF collection system), consisting of the piping network for
distribution and collection of molten salts, the process instrumentation, auxiliary heating system
and other ancillary equipment; ( TECHNIP_KTI)
2. Receiver Tube, consisting of the solar receiver (each tube of 4.060 m length), assembled on the
arms of the concentrating structure, including auxiliary equipment (hoods, joints, electrical
insulating devices, electrical connections, etc.); (ASE)
3. Solar Collectors, consisting of the concentrator structure: mirrors, additional elements such as
pilings, solar tracking drive, collector controls and connections, excluded linear tube receiver
(HCE, Heat Collection Elements); (RONDA).

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)

3.1 A.1.2.1 - Solar Field - HTF (MS) collection system, Receiver Tube and Solar Collectors – Project
Executive, T0+12, TECHNIP_KTI, ASE, RONDA
3.4 A.1.3.1 - Solar Field - HTF (MS) collection system, Receiver Tube and Solar Collectors –
Commissioning report, T12+14, TECHNIP_KTI, ASE, RONDA

Milestones (brief description and expected month)

A.1.2.a, Solar Field – Preliminary Draft for Request of Building Permit, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+3, report
A.1.2.b, Solar Field – Granting of Building Permit, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+6, certificate
A.1.2.c, Solar Field – Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site preparation works,
TECHNIP_KTI, T0+8, report
A.1.2.d, Solar Field – Executive design, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+12, report
27
MATS Project

A.1.3.a, Solar Field – Start up of works on the Building Site, TECHNIP_KTI, T0+9, certificate
A.1.3.b, Solar Field – Completion of works, TECHNIP_KTI, ASE, RONDA T9+13, certificate

Input Data / Interface

28
MATS Project

Work-package number: 4 Start date T0


Work-package title: Thermal Energy Storage Integrated with Steam Generator – Preliminary
experimental activities

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type RTD


Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE
Person-month [p/m] 12,46 10,62 8,46 5,89 8,55 37,49

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUBSYSTEM TO BE BUILT: THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE INTEGRATED
WITH STEAM GENERATOR (TES_SG)
Construction of the subsystem TES_SG (Thermal Energy Storage with an integrated Steam
Generator), that is an innovative part of the demonstration facility MATS (Multipurpose Applications
by Thermodynamic Solar, ie CSP Trough, TREBIOS Chain by ENEA); it exploits the special
characteristics of molten salt (mixture of sodium and potassium nitrate stable at liquid phase in the
range 290-550 °C, used both as HTF (Heat Transfer Fluid in the solar field) and SM (Storage
Medium in the tank), mainly their high sensible heat and natural predisposition to an accentuate
stratification into a non-agitated vessell. The Subsystem TES_SG ensures both the storing of
thermal energy and the generation of high quality superheated steam. The development of this
original solution, designed for the modular basic unit ‘MODULO CSP’ of the TREBIOS Chain,
provides technological simplifications, performance improvement and reduction of plant costs.
The Subsystem TES_SG consists of the following parts:
1. TES_SG subsystem, is composed by a cylindrical s.s. vessel (84 m³, 39 MWht/d) entrusted with
the task of storing the thermal energy collected by the solar field; the SG, immersed in the
molten salts, has a helicoidal tube bundle for direct production of superheated steam, up to
about 5,7 MWt for 10 hour of equivalent steam (roughly pressure up to 60 bar and temperature
up to 500 °C, but modifiable up to 110 bar and 550 °C depending on availability of a
corresponding back-pressure steam turbine). The tank is designed to operate at a constant level
of molten salts, which are stratified in temperature thereby enabling the natural circulation
operation of the SG salts side while, water/steam side, the 'once-through' circulation of the fluid
is forced by means of a circulation pump. It is necessary to study: the stratification phenomena of
the molten salts; their possible convective motions inside the SG shell; the behaviour of the
vessel walls, solicited by the thermal gradients that are established within the mass of the
stratifying molten salts. This technology, in part borrowed from the field of fast nuclear reactors,
lowers the construction costs of the apparatus but also increases its reliability. In fact, the
helicoidal bundle SG combines good thermal performance with good capacity to bear thermal
expansion without excessive mechanical stresses. A study of fluid-dynamics and mechanical
engineering on the innovative component is performed, and studies on water/salts heat
exchange, offering original technology solutions including an 'assisted' natural circulation of
molten salt within the component.
Other studies on the auxiliary components of the integrated system are necessary, such as: -
molten salts vertical axis circulation pumps, submerged in salts and contained in the tank itself; -
auxiliary electric heaters of the salts contained in the tank; - "internals" of the ST/SG integrated
subsystem; - instrumentation, etc..

29
MATS Project

Moreover a careful activity of engineering for defining the specifics of prefabrication workshop
and road transportation is foreseen.
2. MS Mixture part, it consists in the charge of MS necessary for the operation assigned to the
TES_SG subsystem, that is able to store about 140 Mg of MS with an upper air dome of 12%
more capacity. In this part are included the equipment necessary for melting the solid salts and
filling the main tank, and any other instrumentation and device necessary for maintaining the
desired quality of MS during the operation.
Needed RTD studies on MS mixture are: identification of the mixture chemical-physical
properties by experimental specific tests; behaviour at the high temperature of MS in the respect
of thermo-chemical equilibrium between nitrates, nitrites and oxygen focused to its control during
operation; changes of phase during operation (solid-liquid).
Other studies on all the components of the molten salts cycle as: - salts handling and preparation
components; salts melting components, solidification and storage components.
3. Special UPS for emergency power, it consists in high efficiency thermo-electric converter to be
implemented in a suitable way as auxiliary emergency electric energy supply, e.g. instead of a
diesel group, with one face fitted over the TES shell that operates around 500 °C, in order to
generate about 20 kWe. In this way the facilty could operate stand-alone without any particulary
requirement than the operation of backup system for molten salts, i.e. MS Heater. This is a very
innovative component to set up and preliminarily to test at ENEA MS test facilities.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


This innovative subsystem represents a powerful factor of technology acceleration, and its main
components provides for the following advantages:
- the single TES, where the heat is stored by using the high thermal capacity of the mixture (60%
NaNO3, 40% KNO3) of molten salts stratifying in temperature, allows to save one tank and about
30% of molten salts compared to the solution chosen for the ARCHIMEDE Chain;
- the ‘once.through’ SG, integrated and immersed in the tank, results in a sharp reduction in costs
(savings of approximately 60%) than in the exterior type SG used in the ARCHIMEDE Chain.
- the high efficiency thermo-electric converter is a very innovative system, that could greatly
characterized the technology for a stand-alone application.

OBIECTIVES OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION ACTIVITIES


Development of technical specifications and models for the design of the TES_SG sub-system of the
demonstration facility MATS, adapting to the site conditions the modular unit MODULO_CSP of the
TREBIOS Chain by ENEA. The experimental equipment and the test sections at reduced scale
already available in ENEA are used for the production of data required for detailed design of the
storage tank, helicoidal SG and other internals, and for the control of the thermofluid dynamic and
mechanical stress during operation. The development of this innovative TES_SG solution constitute
powerful factors of technological acceleration of CSP technologies, even compared with
ARCHIMEDE Chain, and is of great interest at international level due to the very innovative and fully
confident use of MS, that takes full advantage of their physical characteristics and their natural
behaviour, and avoids their limitations.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants
Task 1 – Preliminary experimental characterization and modelling of the TES_SG subsystem

30
MATS Project

– RTD (T0+12)
The following RTD activities are foreseen with experimental tests performed at the ENEA Casaccia
Center:
1. TES_SG subsystem
a. Experimental study and modelling of the TES_SG subsystem thermal-dynamics and thermal
stresses, including water/MS heat exchange and natural circulation of MS within the SG. (ENEA,
FI, CEA)
b. Experimental study and modelling of the thermal stratification of MS and fluctuation of thermo-
cline region during operations of accumulation and release of thermal energy; (ENEA, FI, CEA)
c. Development of numerical thermofluid dynamic and thermo-mechanical models (lumped
parameters) for the study of the operation of the TES_SG apparatus, in normal and accidental
conditions, including the simulation of the thermal losses, the stratification of the molten salts, the
fluctuation of thermo-cline region during operation and the related condition of thermo-
mechanical stress at shell of the tank. Moreover it is foreseen the simulation of mechanical and
structural stress due to wind and seismic loads, the characterization of foundations for the
geological situations typical of the sites in the regions of interest, and the estimate of "aging" of
the structure. Characterization with respect to the climate of reference countries (Egypt, Cyprus
and Southern Italy), for use in initial design and to validate with data from the final experimental
operation. (costs computed in the engineering activities for components),(ENEA, FI, CEA).

2. MS Mixture charge
a. Characterization of the MS mixture aimed to ascertain by experimental specific tests their
chemical-physical properties, their behaviour at the high temperature of MS in the respect of
thermo-chemical equilibrium between nitrates, nitrites and oxygen focused to its control during
operation; changes of phase during operation (solid-liquid). (ENEA, FI, CEA)

3. Special UPS for emergency power,


a. Design, set up and test of the high efficiency thermo-electric converter to be implemented in a
suitable way as auxiliary emergency electric energy supply, e.g. instead of a diesel group, with
one face fitted over the TES shell that operates around 500 °C, in order to generate about 20
kWe. In this way the facilty could operate stand-alone without any particulary requirement than
the operation of backup system for molten salts, i.e. MS Heater. This is a very innovative
component to set up and preliminarily to test at ENEA MS test facilities (ENEA, CU)

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A.2.1.a TES_SG Subsystem – Experimental Characterization and Thermofluid dynamic and
Thermomechanical Numerical modelling report , T0+12, ENEA
A.2.1.b TES_SG Subsystem – MS Mixture charge – Thermochemical and Termophysical
Experimental Characterization report, T0+12, ENEA
A.2.1.c TES_SG Subsystem – Special UPS – Experimental Characterization report, T0+12, CU

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


A.2 .1.a TES_SG Subsystem - Completing of preliminary tests, ENEA, CU, T0+12, report

31
MATS Project

Input data / interface

32
MATS Project

Work-package number: 5 Start date T0


Work-package title: Thermal Energy Storage Integrated with Steam Generator - Design and
Construction

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type DEM


Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE
Person-month [p/m] 2,25 1,93 1,45 1,10 1,51 33,50

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUBSYSTEM TO BE BUILT: THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE INTEGRATED
WITH STEAM GENERATOR (TES_SG)
Refer to WP4.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


Refer to WP4

OBIECTIVES OF THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES


Based on the RTD preliminary results and the patented know-how, will be developed the executive
design of the TES_SG subsystems, including the arrangement of numerical models for the
simulation and evaluation of its operation performance as described above.
The supply and the subsequent on site construction and commissioning of the TES_SG subsystems
also may provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners (ie, they will supply and install
their components and participate in the experimental program), and these actions will be carefully
coordinated by EPC.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 2 – Design of the TES_SG subsystem – E, DEM, (T0+12)


Based on the early results of RTD and know-how of ENEA-ANSALDO-CRIS TES_SG patent and
specifics of design of SG of TREBIOS Chain of ENEA, the preliminary draft will be developed (T0
+3) and project executive (T3+9) of the TES_SG sub-system, including the establishment of
numerical model simulation and evaluation of its performance in operation as described above
(T3+12). Patents and technologies developed by ENEA-ANSALDO-CRIS, with adaptation to the
project concerned with the setting of design specifications required for the chosen size of MATS
demonstration facility. The size of the prototype of TES_SG was chosen to verify the minimum size
still cheap, easily transportable on road and fully assembled in the workshop with minimized
operations at construction site. One of the aims of the project will be to verify that the innovative
TES_SG subsystem is economically and functionally compatible with distributed energy and multi-
purpose plants that have technical-economic requirements different in the respect of large solar
power plant as ARCHIMEDE Chain.
33
MATS Project

For each of the below listed parts the project executive will be complete in any detail of construction,
including specifics of supply, in order to be fitted by the EPC into the overall design of the MATS
facility, as outlined in WP B:
1. TES_SG subsystem, consisting in the TES tank, the immerse helicoidal tube bundle SG, the
submerged MS vertical axis circulation pumps, the MS auxiliary electric heaters, and any other
internals, instrumentation and control devices. (ENEA, TE)
2. MS Mixture part, consisting in the MS charge, including suitable spare stock, all the auxiliary
equipment necessary for melting the solid salts and filling the main tank, any other instrumentation
and device necessary for maintaining the desired quality of MS during the operation, equipment and
facilities for MS solidification, handling, preparation and storage in solid phase. Included issuance of
technical specifics for supply. (ENEA, ASRT, TE)
3. Special UPS for emergency power, consisting in a high efficiency thermo-electric converter to
be implemented in a suitable way as auxiliary emergency electric energy supply, e.g. instead of a
diesel group, with one face fitted over the TES shell that operates around 500 °C, in order to
generate about 20 kWe. It will be designed on the basis of the preliminary test; in case of not
successful results, a commercial UPS will be adopted. (CU, TE)

Task 3 – Building up of the TES_SG subsystem – PC, DEM (T6+18)


1. ST/SG subsystem
The supply, the construction and the commissioning in site of the subsystem could foresee the direct
co-participation of the manufacturer partner (i.e, it supplies and installs its components and
participates to the experimental program), that will be carefully coordinated by EPC. For each of the
subsystems and parts listed in the procurement and implementation will be organized as follows
(see also the WP B):
1. TES_SG subsystem, consisting in the TES tank, the immerse helicoidal tube bundle SG, the
submerged MS vertical axis circulation pumps, the MS auxiliary electric heaters, and any other
internals, instrumentation and control devices. (TE)
2. MS Mixture part, consisting in the MS charge, including suitable spare stock, all the auxiliary
equipment necessary for melting the solid salts and filling the main tank, any other instrumentation
and device necessary for maintaining the desired quality of MS during the operation, equipment and
facilities for MS solidification, handling, preparation and storage in solid phase. Included issuance of
technical specifics for supply. (TE)
3. Special UPS for emergency power, consisting in a high efficiency thermo-electric converter to
be implemented in a suitable way as auxiliary emergency electric energy supply, e.g. instead of a
diesel group, with one face fitted over the TES shell that operates around 500 °C, in order to
generate about 20 kWe. It will be designed on the basis of the preliminary test; in case of not
successful results, a commercial UPS will be adopted. (TE, CU)

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A.2.2.a TES_SG Subsystem – Project executive, T0 + 12, TE, CU
A.2.3.a TES_SG Subsystem – Commissioning report, T12+14, TE, CU

Milestones (brief description and expected month)

34
MATS Project

A.2.2.a TES_SG Subsystem – Preliminary Draft for Request of Building Permit, T0 + 3, ENEA,
report
A.2.2.c TES_SG Subsystem – Granting of Building Permit – T0+6, TE, certificate
A.2.2.d TES_SG Subsystem – Project Executive, Parts: ground works and site preparation, T0 + 8,
TE, report
A.2.2.e TES_SG Subsystem – Project Executive, T0 +12, TE, report
A.2.3.a TES_SG Subsystem – Start up of works on the Site, T0 +9, TE, certificate
A.2.3.b TES_SG Subsystem - Completion of work, T0 + 24, TE, certificate

Input data / interface

35
MATS Project

Work-package number: 6 Start date T0


Work-package title: Power Block – Preliminary analytical simulation activities

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type RTD


Partner number 1 3 6 2
Participant short name EN AS FI TE
Person-month [p/m] 9,80 24,50 9,80 24,50

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUBSYSTEM TO BE BUILT: POWER BLOCK
Construction of the subsystem PB (Power Block) consisting of a back-pressure steam turbine and
other components of the steam cycle as surface condenser, multiple low-pressure and high-
pressure feedwater heaters, deaerator, cooling towers, etc..
This subsystem solution, for a 1 + 1/2 MODULO CSP, was chosen to obtain a system able to power:
- a steam backpressure turbine of at least 1 MWe for 10 hours; - other multifunction applications
employing exhaust steam, such as desalinator, chiller, etc. at conditions of solar radiation in Egypt.
In this way we obtain the full study of the TREBIOS CSP Chain based on MODULO CSP, exploring
the expandability of the base unit performances while maintaining fixed the originally criteria of pre-
fabrication, portability and size of the planned TES_SG system, including the expansion of the
integrated system working field. It will be explored the possibility to adopt a twin turbine with two
sections of 0.5 MWe in parallel, so getting the maximum in flexibility and testing of the basic module
The SG is able to produce superheated steam for 10 hours equivalent to about 5,7 MWt (roughly
pressure up to 60 bar and temperature up to 500 °C, but modifiable up to 110 bar and 550 °C
depending on availability of a corresponding back-pressure steam turbine on the market or suitably
developed for this application).
The PB subsystem comprises also the electrical generator and connections, and an automatic
control system
The outlet of steam turbine is connected in parallel both to condenser and to the users of exhausted
steam as desalinator and chiller.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


The development of the PB subsystem customized to the high performances allowed by this
technology, i.e. superheated steam up to 110 bar and 550 °C, may result in higher efficiency for
electric energy production.
The study aims to produce the most efficient power block assembly to be integrated with the CSP
plant and other users.

OBIECTIVES OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION ACTIVITIES


Development of technical specifications and models for the design of the PB sub-system of the
demonstration facility MATS, adapting to the site conditions the modular unit MODULO_CSP of the
TREBIOS Chain by ENEA.

36
MATS Project

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 1 – Modelling of the Power Block subsystem – RTD (T0+12)


The following RTD activities are foreseen
d. Development of numerical thermofluid dynamic and thermo-mechanical models (lumped
parameters) for the study of the operation of the PB system, in normal and accidental conditions,
taking into account the possible solution at high and reduced thermodynamical conditions.
Moreover it will be developed the simulation and optimization of the combination of Solar Field,
see WP A.1, and Power Block including the thermodynamical steam cycle simultaneously using
a coupled tool. Characterization with respect to the climate of reference countries (Egypt and
Southern Italy), for use in initial design and to validate with data from the final experimental
operation. (costs computed in the engineering activities for components),(ENEA, FI).

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A3-T.1.1 – Power Block - Numerical physical-mathematical modelling report, T0+12, (TE)

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


A3-T.1.a, Power Block – Preliminary design, T0+3, TE, report

37
MATS Project

Work-package number: 7 Start date T0


Work-package title: Power Block – Design and Construction

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type DEM


Partner number 1 3 6 2
Participant short name EN AS FI TE
Person-month [p/m] 3,92 9,80 3,92 49,00

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUBSYSTEM TO BE BUILT: POWER BLOCK
Refer to WP6.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


Refer to WP6

OBIECTIVES OF THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES


Based on the RTD preliminary results and the patented know-how, will be developed the executive
design of the Power Block subsystems, including the arrangement of numerical models for the
simulation and evaluation of its operation performance as described above.
The supply and the subsequent on site construction and commissioning of the PB subsystems also
may provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners (ie, they will supply and install their
components and participate in the experimental program), and these actions will be carefully
coordinated by EPC.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 2 - Design of the power block (Engineering, E) - DEM (T0+12)


A pre-design (T0+3) and a detailed design (T3+9) of PB subsystem will be produced by either
preliminary RTD results and ENEA’s know-how of CSP technology. This preliminary study includes
the set up of numerical models suitable for simulation and evaluation of the PB performances.
Existing technologies on the market, will be adapted and used with the PB specifications, with
particular regards to the new components with potential technological breakthrough.
In the detailed design each construction element , i.e. the steam turbine generator and the relate
steam process cycle (ENEA, ASRT, FI, TE)

Task 3 - Building up of power block (Procurement and Construction, PC) - DEM (T0 +24)
Supplying, construction and commissioning of PB subsystem involve direct contribution of industrial

38
MATS Project

partners. Such components supply, installation, and experimental testing will be coordinated by
EPC.
On-site construction of the Steam turbine generator, with the steam power plant cycle comprising all
other components and auxiliary elements, will be fulfilled by the selected manufacturer (subcontract
probably) (TE, ASRT).

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A3-T.2.1 - Power Block - Project Executive, T0+12, (TE)
A3-T.3.2 – Power Block – Commissioning report, T12+12, (TE)

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


A3-T.2.a, Power Block – Preliminary design, T0+3, TE, report
A3-T.2.b, Power Block – Project Executive, T3+9, TE, report
A3-T.3.a, Power Block – Start up of site works, TE, T0+9, certificate
A3-T.3 b, Power Block – Completion of works, TE, T12+12, certificate

39
MATS Project

Work-package number: 8 Start date T0


Work-package title: Heat & Cold Cogeneration/Distribution Subsystem – Preliminary analytical
simulation activities

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type RTD


Partner number 1 3 7 2
Participant short name EN AS CU TE
Person-month [p/m] 1,95 9,75 5,85 9,75

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUB-SYSTEM/COMPONENTS TO BE BUILT: HEAT & COLD
COGENERATION/ DISTRIBUTION SUBSYSTEM
Construction of the heat/cold (HC) cogeneration/distribution subsystem, consisting of the appliances
using the process steam discharged from the turbine to generate energy in the forms demanded by
users; the process steam is used for the generation of heat and cold for civil and / or industrial uses,
such as district winter heating and summer cooling, hot water production for residential complexes,
hospitals and shopping centers.
The aim is to interpret the needs of the different users with reliable and technically advanced
solutions, backed by a high know-how and the uncommon ability to understand customer needs, by
implementing the project following it until its final tests. The appliances must be designed following few
basic criteria: - reliability; - high efficiency; - accessibility of components; - compliance with existing
regulations.
The main components are:
- Heat Exchangers: they are the components for the production of thermal energy for heating
and/or domestic hot water (or other special uses), fed by the exhaust process steam
discharged by the turbine; for thermal power up to 1.0 MWt;
- Chillers: they are refrigerant appliances that extract heat from a liquid source by means of an
absorption cycle fed by the process steam downstream the backpressure turbine. They feed
the power station for environments refrigeration, air dehumidifying or other industrial uses (ice
production, refrigerators, etc.); LiBr chiller 1.0 MWt of rated power .
The HC subsystem of the demonstration MATS will feed the utilities of housing and directional
buildings present in the vicinity of the chosen site. For this purpose it will be designed a suitable
district heating/cooling network of indirect type which includes a distribution network, heat transfer
substations in the proximity of utilities, under fully automated control and regulation from the central for
each user.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


The development of the HC subsystem is mainly devoted to the definition of a modular layout able to
combine an easy management with high reliability and energetic and economic efficiency. The
development will aim to study the plant components and layout, so allowing a more efficient system of
energy production from solar collectors and the cycle related processes.

OBIECTIVES OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION ACTIVITIES


Development of technical specifications and numerical model for the design of the Heating/Cooling
40
MATS Project

Cogenerative Sub-system (H/C) of the MATS demonstration facility, adapting to the site conditions the
modular unit MODULO_CSP of the TREBIOS Chain by ENEA

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 1 – Modelling of the HC Subsystem – RTD (T0+12)


Development of technical specifications and models for the design of the HC subsystem of the
demonstration MATS Facility.
The foreseen RTD activities are:
a. Development of numerical thermofluid dynamic and thermo-mechanical models (lumped
parameters) for the study of the operation of the HC subsystem, in normal and accidental
conditions, taking into account the possible solution at high and reduced thermo dynamical
conditions; - Characterization with respect to the climate of reference countries (Egypt and
Southern Italy), for use in initial design and to validate with data from the final experimental
operation. (costs computed in the engineering activities for components).(ENEA, ASRT, CU).

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A.4.1 – Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Numerical simulation report, T0+12,
(CU)

Milestones (brief description and expected month)

Input Data / Interface

41
MATS Project

Work-package number: 9 Start date T0


Work-package title: Heat & Cold Cogeneration/Distribution Subsystem – Design and
Construction

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type DEM


Partner number 1 3 7 2
Participant short name EN AS CU TE
Person-month [p/m] 0,65 3,25 1,95 16,25

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUB-SYSTEM/COMPONENTS TO BE BUILT: HEAT & COLD
COGENERATION/ DISTRIBUTION SUBSYSTEM
Refer to WP8.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


Refer to WP8

OBIECTIVES OF THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES


Based on the RTD preliminary results and the patented know-how, will be developed the executive
design of the H/C subsystems, including the arrangement of numerical models for the simulation and
evaluation of its operation performance as described above.
The supply and the subsequent on site construction and commissioning of the H/C subsystems also
may provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners (ie, they will supply and install their
components and participate in the experimental program), and these actions will be carefully
coordinated by EPC.
.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 2 - Design of HC Subsystem (Engineering, E) - DEM (T0+12)


A pre-design (T0+3) and a detailed design (T3+9) of H/C subsystem will be produced, also using the
numerical models developed for simulation and evaluation of the HC performances. Existing
technologies on the market will be adapted and used in the HC subsystem specifications, with
particular regards to the new components with potential technological breakthrough. (ENEA, ASRT,
CU, TE)

Task 3 - Building up of HC Subsystem (Procurement and Construction, PC) - DEM (T0 +24)
Supplying, construction and commissioning of HC subsystem include direct contribution of industrial
partners. Such components supply, installation, and experimental testing will be coordinated by EPC.

42
MATS Project

On-site construction will be fulfilled by the selected manufacturer (subcontract probably) (TE, ASRT).

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A..4.2 – Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Project Executive, T0+12, (TE)
A.4.3 – Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Commissioning report, T12+12, (TE)

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


A.4.2.a Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Preliminary design, TE, T0+3, report
A.4.3.a Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Start up of site works, TE, T0+9,
certificate
A.4.3.b, Heat & Cold Cogeneration/distribution Subsystem – Completion of works, TE, T12+12,
certificate

Input Data / Interface

43
MATS Project

Work-package number: 10 Start date T0


Work-package title: Molten Salt Heater – Preliminary analytical simulation activities

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type RTD


Partner number 1 3 2
Participant short name EN AS TE
Person-month [p/m] 14,00 17,50 17,50

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUBSYSTEM TO BE BUILT: BACK UP MOLTEN SALT HEATER
Construction of the subsystem MSH (Molten Salts Heater) for backup of the TES_SG subsystem
during the periods with lack of the rated solar radiation, e.g. cloudy day, or period of maintenance of
the Solar Field Subsystem. MSH is an innovative part of the demonstration facility MATS
(Multipurpose Applications by Thermodynamic Solar), to design carefully by suitable thermo-fluid
dynamic and thermo-mechanical numerical simulation code in order to use at best the
characteristics of the MS and to avoid hot spot in the tube bundle that could cause the
decomposition of MS with development of gas. For this reason the combustion chamber is
separated from tube bundle, which will be flooded by exhaust gases at controlled temperature,
without direct exposition to flame.
The MSH will design for different types of feeding fuel:
• Gaseous or liquid fuel of different composition;
• Chipped solid biomass, in a system with pre-chamber for combustion/gasification (not foreseen
in the MATS Project);
• Biomass gasifier (not foreseen in the MATS Project).
To define the best options for the molten salt heater, the following criteria are considered:
- Process performances requirement for the component;
- Resources availability;
- Identification of candidate construction materials;
- ashes production and emissions;
- thermal efficiency
- potentials for integration in the TES_SG of the MODULO CSP base unit.
- other: inspection feasibility, ageing and lifetime performances, safety requirements.
The selected best configuration will be developed with basic scientific and engineering studies with
the thermal design and modeling of the heat exchanger using numerical exchange structure
modeling codes such as Fluent. Parametric studies on component sizing and impact on
component efficiency will be performed on the basic schemes to assess the most promising
approach.
The final design of MSH (T0+18) will concern an optimized configuration depending on the
fuel availability in the reference CSP plant site.
This optimized component will be fully modeled and a 1 MW detailed design produced.
Particularly important will be the avoidance of hot spots inside the molten salt tube that will
lead to degradation when temperature exceeds 600°C.
Finally, the data obtained will be used in the detailed design of the molten salt heater.
Hence, a 1 MW molten salt heater will be built in accordance with the design developed.
This component will be a unique example in the world.
The heater will be instrumented in thermocouples to obtain a thermal map of the
44
MATS Project

component.
An experimental follow will be carried out with the heater firstly tested individually in order to
assess its performances under real operative conditions. A test program will be defined and
applied on nominal flow rate and possibly during thermal transients. Effective thermal
efficiency and emissions will be experimentally determined.
Finally, the component will be integrated in the CSP plant loop.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


The adoption of the MS Heater in the TREBIOS Chain, especially if fed by renewable fuel, allow to
overpass the periods without solar radiation in a very suitable way, with the possibility of having a
stand-alone plant “zero carbon” every time at full operability.

OBIECTIVES OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION ACTIVITIES


Development of technical specifications and numerical model for the design of the MS Heater of the
MATS demonstration facility, adapting to the site conditions the modular unit MODULO_CSP of the
TREBIOS Chain by ENEA

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 1: Molten Salt Heater thermal and mechanical numerical modeling of the, RTD
(T0+12)
Basic studies on the possible molten salt heater options. Different engineering solutions will be
considered in order to identify the most suitable configuration, depending on the available fuel.
Indeed, the different options and biomass types will be considered and a preliminary evaluation of
performances obtained as basic recommendation input to Task 2..
The following RTD activities are foreseen:
a. A numerical thermofluid dynamic models (lumped parameters) for the study of the operation of
the MSH, in normal and accidental conditions, will be implemented, including the simulation of
the thermal losses, thermo-mechanical stress at tube bundle. Molten salt degradation rates will
be experimentally studied and considered in the tube bundle design. Moreover it is foreseen the
simulation of mechanical and structural stress due to wind and seismic loads, the
characterization of foundations for the geological situations typical of the sites in the regions of
interest, and the estimate of "aging" of the structure. Characterization with respect to the climate
of reference countries (Egypt and Southern Italy), for use in initial design and to validate with
data from the final experimental operation. (ENEA, TE).

45
MATS Project

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A.5.1 – MSH - Numerical physical-mathematical modelling report, EN, T0+12

Milestones (brief description and expected month)

Input data / interface

46
MATS Project

Work-package number: 11 Start date T0


Work-package title: Molten Salt Heater – Design and Construction

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Lead participant ENEA


Partner number 1 3 2
Participant short name EN AS TE
Person-month [p/m] 2,80 3,50 17,50

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUBSYSTEM TO BE BUILT: BACK UP MOLTEN SALT HEATER
Refer to WP10

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS (VS ARCHIMEDE CHAIN)


Refer to WP10

OBIECTIVES OF THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES


Based on the RTD preliminary results and the patented know-how, will be developed the executive
design of the MS Heater subsystems, including the arrangement of numerical models for the
simulation and evaluation of its operation performance as described above.
The supply and the subsequent on site construction and commissioning of the MS Heater
subsystems also may provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners (ie, they will supply
and install their components and participate in the experimental program), and these actions will be
carefully coordinated by EPC.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 2 – Design of the Molten Salt Heater – (Engineering, E) - DEM (T0+16)


Based on the early results of simulation activities a project executive of the MSH, the final design
of MSH (T0+16) will concern with an optimized configuration depending on the fuel
availability in the reference CSP plant site. This optimized component will be fully modeled
and a 1 MW detailed design produced. Particularly important will be the avoidance of hot
spots inside the molten salt tube that will lead to degradation when temperature exceeds
600°C..
The project executive will be complete in any detail of construction, including specifics of supply, in
order to be fitted by the EPC into the overall design of the MATS facility, as outlined in WP B,
including auxiliary loops, instrumentation and control devices. (ENEA, ASRT, TECNIP_KTI)

Task 3 – Building up of the Molten Salt Heater (Procurement and Construction, PC) - DEM

47
MATS Project

(T16+8)
The supply, the construction and the commissioning in site of the MSH could foresee the direct co-
participation of the manufacturer partner (i.e, it supplies and installs its components and participates
to the experimental program), that will be carefully coordinated by EPC. (TE)

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A.5.2 - MSH - Project executive, TE, T0 + 16
A.5.3 – MSH – Commissioning report, TE, T16+10

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


A.5.2 a MSH – Preliminary design, T0+3, TE, report
A.5.2.b MSH – Project Executive, T3+9, TE, report
A.5.3.a MSH – Start up of site works, TE, T0+16, certificate
A.5.3.b MSH – Completion of works, TE, T16+8, certificate

Input data / interface

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MATS Project

Work-package number: 12 Start date T0


Work-package title: MED Desalination Unit – Preliminary analytical simulation activities

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type RTD


Partner number 1 3 6 7 2 5
Participant short name EN AS FI CU TE DE
Person-month [p/m] 4,80 12,00 8,40 8,40 24,00 30.00

OBJECTIVES
Description of Subsystem to be built: DESALINATION UNIT
A sea water desalination subsystem, based on the Multiple Effect Desalination (MED) technology,
specifically designed to maximize the thermal efficiency of the poly-generative process, will be
studied, designed and demonstrated.
The plant will be constituted by multiple effects (evaporators) operating at decreasing pressure,
where the vaporization of water from salt solution is powered by the steam from the previous effect.
Shell and tube heat exchanger will be used, and a demister is used to avoid mist entrainment and to
maximize the quality of water produced. According to this process scheme, the only external heat
source is steam fed to the first effect.
After identification of the best configuration, a detailed design for at least 250 m3/d water
desalination unit will be developed. This prototype will be constructed and tested in the poly-
generative system integrated with the CSP module.

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS
Major advantages of this technology are the following:
• Reduced overall cooling demand,
• High production efficiency, defined as the ratio between desalted water output and the saline
solution recirculation rate.

OBIECTIVES OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION ACTIVITIES


Development of technical specifications and numerical model for the design of the MED Desalinatio
Unit of the MATS demonstration facility, adapting to the site conditions the modular unit
MODULO_CSP of the TREBIOS Chain by ENEA

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 1 – MED process unit numerical modelling – RTD (T0+12)


Particularly important, in view of the coupling with the CSP plant, is the management of transients:
suitable strategies for the operation of the desalination subsystems related with the instantaneous
49
MATS Project

(daily and seasonal) working conditions of the other units (CSP module, steam generator, power
block, etc.) must be developed and implemented and modelled.
The following RTD activities are foreseen:
e. A numerical thermofluid dynamic models (lumped parameters) for the study of the operation of
the MED Desalination Unit, in normal and accidental conditions, will be implemented, including
the simulation of the thermal losses, thermo-mechanical stress at shell of the tank. Moreover it is
foreseen the simulation of mechanical and structural stress due to wind and seismic loads, the
characterization of foundations for the geological situations typical of the sites in the regions of
interest, and the estimate of "aging" of the structure. Characterization with respect to the climate
and the sea of reference countries (Egypt and Southern Italy), for use in initial design and to
validate with data from the final experimental operation. (ENEA, ASRT, FI, CU, DE).

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A.6.1 – MED DU - Numerical physical-mathematical modelling, EN, T0+12

Milestones (brief description and expected month)

Input data / interface

50
MATS Project

Work-package number: 13 Start date T0


Work-package title: Desalination Unit – Design and Construction

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type DEM


Partner number 1 3 6 7 2 5
Participant short name EN AS FI CU TE DE
Person-month [p/m] 0,60 1,50 1,05 1,05 15,00 5,00

OBJECTIVES
Description of Subsystem to be built: DESALINATION UNIT
Refer to WP12

TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGHS
Refer to WP12

OBIECTIVES OF THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES


Based on the RTD preliminary results and the patented know-how, will be developed the executive
design of the MED Desalination Unit, including the arrangement of numerical models for the
simulation and evaluation of its operation performance as described above.
The supply and the subsequent on site construction and commissioning of the MED DU also may
provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners (i.e, they will supply and install their
components and participate in the experimental program), and these actions will be carefully
coordinated by EPC.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 2 – Design of the Desalination unit – (Engineering, E) - DEM (T0+12)


Based on the early results of simulation activities and know-how of the partners, the preliminary draft
will be developed (T0 +3) and project executive (T3+9) of the MED Desalination Unit, including the
establishment of numerical model simulation and evaluation of its performance in operation as
described above. In accordance with the best configuration previously defined at least 250 m3/h
desalination unit subsystem will be designed and constructed. This prototype will be integrated in the
steam cycle of the poly-generative plant coupled with the CSP module. The auxiliary units and
automatic control system will be provided as well.
The size of the unit was chosen to verify the minimum size still cheap, easily transportable on road
and fully assembled in the workshop with minimized operations at construction site. One of the aims
of the project will be to verify that the MED Desalination Unit is economically and functionally
compatible with distributed energy and multi-purpose plants that have techno-economic
requirements different in the respect of large solar power plant as ARCHIMEDE Chain.
The project executive will be complete in any detail of construction, including specifics of supply, in
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MATS Project

order to be fitted by the EPC into the overall design of the MATS facility, as outlined in WP B,
including auxiliary loops for sea-water feeding, brine and condensate discharge, cooling water, etc.,
and instrumentation and control devices. (ENEA, ASRT, FI, CU, DE, TECNIP_KTI)

Task 3 – Building up of the MED Desalination Unit (Procurement and Construction, PC) - DEM
(T12+12)
The supply, the construction and the commissioning in site of the MED Desalination Unit could
foresee the direct co-participation of the manufacturer partner (i.e, it supplies and installs its
components and participates to the experimental program), that will be carefully coordinated by
EPC. For each of the subsystems and parts listed in the procurement and implementation will be
organized as follows (see also the WP B):
o MED apparatus, prefabricated at company workshop,
o Auxiliary loops for sea-water feeding, brine and condensate discharge, cooling water, etc., and
instrumentation and control devices.
(TE)

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A.6.2 - MED DU - Project executive, TE, T0 + 12
A.6.3 – MED DU – Commissioning report, TE,T12+14

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


A.6.2 a MED DU – Preliminary design, T0+3, TE, report
A.6.2.b MED DU – Project Executive, T3+9, TE, report
A.6.3.a MED DU – Start up of site works, TE, T0+9, certificate
A.6.3.b MED DU – Completion of works, TE, T12+12, certificate
A.6.3.c MED DU – Technical administrative final test, TE, T24+2, report

Input data / interface

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MATS Project

Work-package number: 14 Start date T0


Work-package title: Civil Works –Design and Construction

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity type DEM


Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2 8
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE OR
Person-month [p/m] 1,70 2,26 0,57 0,57 0,57 19,02 23,78

OBIETTIVI (OBJECTIVES)
DESCRIPTION OF SUB-SYSTEM/COMPONENTS TO BE BUILT: CIVIL WORKS
The civil works, for the construction of facilities MODULO CSPS, play a fundamental role in relation to
the placement of solar collectors and their supports. The interest of the project is aimed to cost
containment and in addition to increase reliability and easier management.

The aim is to optimize the time and costs by improving reliability of civil works related to the plant as
highlighted below:

• Excavation and earth moving, to be able to count on a ground with mechanical characteristics
more suitable to allow the comfortable accommodation of the beam foundation for stability of
the work.
• Foundations - For the solar field, with appropriate poles and beam down of adequate size and
concrete stalls for the entire surface of the block power plant. As regards the building of
coverage of other works, just live on a foundation beam, a pit for the tank and a small pit for
the turbine and one for the control room as they will be containerized.
• Steel works in elevation - The type Fe430 galvanized steel, coated with epoxy paint to resist
corrosion better by oxidizing agents (rain water, steam, etc.). As for the plant, the necessary
works provide the support among the triangular panels of each string in order to raise from the
floor panels and parabolic so allowing a smooth rotation along the axis. Will also be made all
the necessary supports to the collector that will transport the fluid from the panels to the user.
Instead, as for the exterior building, an appropriate size shed will be built. The pillars of that
structure will be HE type, coupled to the underlying foundation via anchor bolts bolted to the
plate securely connected to the pillar. The cover structure is made of trusses, purlins
supporting the St. Andrews cross planning and bracing for the wall.
• Completing civil works for external volume - At this point all the remaining works can be made
and installed to complete the building exterior (roofing panels, external walls, internal partitions
as necessary, frames, etc...). For the coverage sandwich panels Elcom type will be favorite or
equivalent, as well as lightweight, mechanically strong, with a proper value of thermal and
sound insulation. Are also particularly cared for all the elements of joint surfaces so as to
achieve continuous and secure as possible from the standpoint of earthquake (DM 16.01.1996,
OJ n ° 29 of 05-02-1996).

The peculiarity of the plant planned by this program is already an innovative situation, thus also the
study of improving civil parts is an innovative element.

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MATS Project

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 1 – Preliminary draft of the Civil Works - DEM (Engineering) (T0+3)


It will be developed the preliminary draft of the Civil Works, including emission of the technical
specifications. (TE)

Task 2 – Project executive of the Civil Works - DEM (Engineering) (T3+9)


The detailed and the executive design will be completed in every detail of construction, including the
technical specifications of supplies, in order to fit into the demonstration plant overall design; prepared
by EPC, (T3 +9). Tenders and construction following. (TE)

Task 3 - Building up of the Civil Works - DEM (Procurement and Construction) (T12+12)
The supply and the subsequent in site construction and testing (commissioning) of the Civil Works
also could provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners and these actions could be
carefully coordinated by EPC.
Realisation and commissioning of Civil Works; (ORASCOM)

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


A.7.1 – Civil Works – Preliminary design, T0 + 3, KTI
A.7.2 - Civil Works – Project Executive, T3 + 9, KTI
A.7.3 - Civil Works - Commissioning report, T12 +12, KTI

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


A.7.1.a, Civil Works – Preliminary Draft for Request of Building Permit, KTI, T0 + 3, report
A.7.2.b, Civil Works – Granting of Building Permit, KTI, T0 + 6, certificate
A.7.2.c, Civil Works – Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site preparation works,
KTI, T3 + 9, report
A.7.3.a, Civil Works – Start up of works on the Building Site, KTI, T3 + 9, certificate
A.7.3.b, Civil Works – Completion of works, KTI, T12 +12, certificate

Input Data / Interface

54
MATS Project

Work-package number: 15 Start date T0


Work-package title: Service Systems – Design and Construction

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type DEM


Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE
Person-month [p/m] 0,85 1,13 0,28 0,28 0,28 11,89

OBIETTIVI (OBJECTIVES)
DESCRIPTION OF SUB-SYSTEM/COMPONENTS TO BE BUILT: SERVICE SYSTEMS
The Service Systems, for the construction of facilities MODULO CSPS, play a fundamental role in
relation to the placement of solar collectors and their supports. The interest of the project is aimed to
cost containment and, in addition, to increase reliability and easier management.

The aim is to optimize time and costs by improving reliability of Service Systems related to the plant as
regards to design, specifications issue & supplying procedures of service circuits (electrical,
compressed air, water etc.).

The peculiarity of the plant planned by this program is already an innovative situation, thus also the
study of improving service systems is an innovative element.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants

Task 1 – Preliminary draft of the Service Systems - DEM (Engineering) (T0+3)


It will be developed the preliminary draft of the Service Systems , including emission of the technical
specifications; prepared by ENEA (T0 +3).

Task 2 – Project executive of the Service Systems - DEM (Engineering) (T3+9)


The detailed and the executive design will be completed in every detail of construction, including the
technical specifications of supplies, in order to fit into the demonstration plant overall design; prepared
by EPC, (T3 +9). Tenders and construction following; prepared by ASRT, (T3+9)

Task 3 - Building up of the Service Systems - DEM (DEMonstration) (Procurement and


Construction) (T12+12)
The supply and the subsequent in site construction and testing (commissioning) of the Service
Systems also could provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners and these actions could
be carefully coordinated by EPC.
Competitive tenders execution; realisation and commissioning of Service Systems; prepared by EPC,
(T12 + 12).

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


55
MATS Project

A7-T.1 – Service Systems – Preliminary design, T0 + 3, KTI


A7-T.2 - Service Systems – Project Executive, T3 + 9, KTI
A7-T.3 - Service Systems - Commissioning report, T12 +12, KTI

Milestones (brief description and expected month)

A7-T.1, Service Systems – Preliminary Draft, KTI, T0 + 3, report


A7-T.2, Service Systems – Project Executive, executive excerpt for earthworks and site preparation
works, KTI, T 3 + 9, report
A7-T.3.a, Service Systems – Start up of works on the Building Site, KTI, T3 + 9, certificate
A7-T.3.b, Service Systems – Completion of works, KTI, T12 +1 2, certificate

Input Data / Interface

56
MATS Project

Work-package number: 16 Start date T0


Work-package title: Control and Automation System – Design and Construction

Task Number Task:

Sub Task Number Sub Task:


Activity Type DEM
Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE
Person-month [p/m] 1,42 0,57 0,28 0,28 0,28 11,89

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF SUBSYSTEM TO BE BUILT: CONTROL AND AUTOMATION SYSTEM
The control and management of MATS facility, including solar field, power block, and other
subsystems is automated through a DCS (Digital Control System), industrial product of advanced
technology.
The DCS, is a real-time product. Management and control of processes are in accordance with the
program installed and provides the data acquisition for on-line vision and off-line processing.
The DCS is equipped with high-speed CPU processing enables handling complex mathematical
expressions, considering the site and the environmental conditions in order to optimize productivity
and efficiency, to improve energy production efficiency.
The innovative system of local and remote management including the application of intelligent tools
are designed to industrialization and simplification of plants, performance improvement and return
investment cost containment also in terms of management and maintenance. 
 

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants
Task 1 – Project executive of the Control and Automation System - DEM (Engineering)
(T0+12)
The detailed and the executive design of the Control and Automation System will be completed in
every detail of construction, as:
• Proprietary H/W and S/W platform (operating systems, DCS): The system of control
and management, through the DCS (Distributed Control System), consists of H/W and
S/W proprietary, industrial product, specific for control and management system. DCS
use one or more interfaces supporting traditional (PC), local and remote, equipped with
professional operating system where running-on S/W proprietary for management and
control in a user-friendly way. The S/W is also implemented with innovative applications
such as:
ƒ implementation of H/W and S/W that is connected independently to both the local
supervision system to the remote system;
ƒ Full remote application for management and control, with H/W and S/W
specification ;
ƒ implementation of the DCS so that it can be linked independently to both the local

57
MATS Project

supervision system and the remote monitoring system.


ƒ monitoring control, system with particular reference to asset management plan
for alert and alarm system based on statistical algorithms, mono-variety
(Statistical Process Control (SPC)) and multivariate (Principal Component
Analysis (PCA)).
ƒ simplification of the plant automation applied with obviously technical and
economic advantages;
ƒ simplification of management; (ENEA, TE)
• H/W and S/W database: Data Acquisition System for the data from experimental apparatus,
installed on separately H/W in the respect of DCS. It works remotely, with the
management and analysis of data for storing in specific database. (ENEA, TE)
Task 2 – Realization of the Control and Automation Systems - DEM (Procurement and
Construction) (T12+12)
The supply and the subsequent in site construction and testing (commissioning) of the Control and
Automation System also could provide for the direct sharing of some industrial partners and these
actions could be carefully coordinated by EPC. Competitive tenders execution; realisation and
commissioning of Service Systems. (TE)

Deliverables with schedule


A.9.1 - Control and Automation Systems – Project Executive, T3 + 9, TE
A.9.2 - Control and Automation Systems - Commissioning report, T12 +12, TE

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


A.9.1, Control and Automation Systems – Project Executive, TE, T0 + 12, report
A.9.2.a, Control and Automation Systems – Start up of works, TE, T0 + 9, certificate
A.9.2.b, Control and Automation Systems – Completion of works, TE, T12 +1 2, certificate

Input data / interface

58
MATS Project

Work-package number: 17 Start date T0


Work-package title: Basic Engineering - EPC

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type DEM


Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2 11 9
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE AR RO
Person-month [p/m] 163,6
2,18 10,91 2,18 2,18 2,18 4,36 4,36
8
Partner number 4 8 5
Participant short name NR OR DE
Person-month [p/m] 21,82 5,46 5,46
Tabella 1

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF EPC ACTIVITIES TO PERFORM
EPC stands for Engineering, Procurement and Construction. Under the EPC contract, the contractor
will design the installation, procure the necessary materials and construct it, either through own labour
or by subcontracting part of the work.
TECHNIP_KTI assumes the role of EPC contractor in the respect of construction of the MATS Facility,
taking into account the particularities arising from the contribution of the various partners, some of
which will provide by themselves to the building of the subsystems of their own competence (see
below).
EPC will provide to the basic design of the MATS Facility assuring:
ƒ the site planning and the organization of site works
ƒ the general design that coordinates the others partners “keys in hand” site works
ƒ the evaluation of environmental impact on the territory close to the MATS Facility
ƒ the safety plan of the site works
ƒ the bid documents and contracting activities also on Egyptian market
ƒ the coordination of all the activities related to the erection site, as construction, commissioning,
experimental operation, O&M, etc.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants
Task 1 - Basic Engineering - DEM (T0+12)
Basic engineering extends throughout the Project duration and involves detailed design,
prefabrication, environmental impact evaluation, PED procedure, etc.
The “keys in hand” site works of the others partners, for which the EPC will assure general assistance
and coordination, are listed below in evidence in the respect of other works in charge to EPC as
Engineering Company:

59
MATS Project

1 SOLAR FIELD:
I. MOLTEN SALT COLLECTION SYSTEM (HTF COLLECTION SYSTEM): EPC+E
II. RECEIVER TUBE: EP
III. SOLAR COLLECTORS: EP
TES_SG subsystem:
I. TES_SG: EPC+E
II. MS MIXTURE CHARGE: EPC+E
III. SPECIAL UPS FOR EMERGENCY POWER,: EP
Power Block: EPC+E
Heat&Cold subsystem: EPC+E
MS Heater: EPC+E
MED DU: EPC+E
Civil Works: EP+E
Service Systems: EPC+E
Control and Automation System: EPC+E

Task 2 – Site works - DEM (T0+12)


same

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


C.1.1 – MATS Facility – General basic project executive, T0+12, TE
C.1.2 – MATS Facility - Commissioning report, T12+14, KTI

Milestones (brief description and expected month)

C.1.1 – MATS Facility – General basic project executive – Preliminary Draft, KTI, T0+3, report
C.1.5 – MATS Facility – Executive design, KTI, T0+12, report
C.2.1 – MATS Facility – Start up of works on the Building Site, KTI, T0+9, certificate
C.2.2 – MATS Facility – Completion of works, KTI, T0+24, certificate
C.2.3 – MATS Facility – Technical administrative final test, KTI, T0+26, certificate

Input Data / Interface

60
MATS Project

Work-package number: 18 Start date T0+24


Work-package title: Experimental Operation

Task Number: Task:


SubTask Number: SubTask:

Activity Type RTD


Partner number 1 3 6 7 10 2 11 9
Participant short name EN AS FI CU CE TE AR RO
Person-month [p/m] 39,28 65,47 26,19 26,19 26,19 19,64 13,09 13,09
Partner number 4 8 5
Participant short name NR OR DE
Person-month [p/m] 32,74 9,82 9,82

OBJECTIVES
DESCRIPTION OF EXPERIMENTAL ACTIVITIES TO PERFORM
The experimental operation extends throughout the last years of the Project, involving the
experimental demonstration of the complete system, including O&M, system management and
testing of specific aspects.
O&M activities include the daily ordinary operation of the facility: “operative conditions” with solar
energy collection and “reduced MS circulation” during not sunny periods, e.g. night. They include
also maintenance operations as “hot stand-by” conditions without MS circulation but with receiver
tubes and piping maintained hot by electric auxiliary system, or “cold out of service” for repairing,
substituting ect.. Moreover they include filling up and drainage of MS from the piping, that are the
most delicate operations in this kind of plant, related to the cautions to adopt for avoiding MS
solidification.
System management includes the use of numerical simulation codes for optimizing the daily
performances, i.e. maximum energy yield and the connections to the final users of the co-generative
applications, i.e. electric local grid, desalinator and chiller.
Besides the demonstration of the overall system, testing activities includes all the specific
experiments and qualifications tests planned for the various components during experimental
operation year, as shown below.

DESCRIPTION OF WORK (possibly broken down into tasks), and role of participants
Task 1 – Experimental characterization during operation of the Solar Field - RTD (T24+12)
Validation of numerical models and tests of subsystem and components as assigned in WP A.1:
1. Molten salt collection system (HTF collection system):
f) Test of the original types of piping for molten salts, including the various components and
devices online; prepared by (ENEA, KTI)

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MATS Project

g) Testing of the plant layout and thermofluid dynamic design of the solar field of a MODULO
CSP plant, with related fittings and components (supports, ancillary facilities, etc.); prepared
by (ENEA, KTI)
h) Testing of the control and instrumentation system for the monitoring of operating conditions
(normal and incidental) of the solar field and of the different measuring devices with
innovative low cost features; prepared by (ENEA, KTI)
i) Testing on site of the auxiliary heating system (against the molten salts freezing during an
accident or maintenance with loading and unloading circuits) due to direct Joule effect in
continue current of tube receivers and piping, including components and online media, with
prefabricated solutions at low cost and high reliability; prepared by (ENEA, KTI)
j) Set up with experimental data of the numerical thermal-fluidynamic and electrical lumped
parameter models for the study of the operating conditions of the pipes network collecting
molten salt receiver and tube solar collectors (depending on the specific model developed for
the single-collector), in normal and accidental conditions, including the: - simulation of
solidification and of the subsequent remelting of salts; - heat losses; simulation of mechanical
stress and structural wind loads; - seismic characterization of foundations over typical
geological sites such situations in the regions of interest; - estimates of "aging" of the
structure; - characterization with respect to the climate of reference countries (Egypt and
Southern Italy), for use in initial design and validated with experimental data from the final
year. (ENEA, CEA, ASRT, KTI)
2. Receiver Tube:
d) Set up with experimental data of the numerical thermofluid dynamic and electrical lumped
parameter models for the study of the operating conditions of the single receiver tube of a
100 m solar collector and of a molten salts single string type, in normal and accidental
conditions, including the simulation of solidification and re-melting of the salts and of the
thermal losses with respect to climate characterization of reference countries (Egypt and
Southern Italy), for use in initial design and validated with experimental data from the final
year. (ENEA, CU, ASRT, ASE)
e) Testing on site of receiver tubes, i.e. thermal losses, emissivity, etc., to ascertain their
reference characteristics to compare with on site ones; (ENEA, CU)
f) Testing for the control of integrity and ageing of the receiver tubes on site during operation, in
order to define the management of maintenance operation; (ENEA, CU);
3. Solar Collectors:
e) Set up with experimental data of the numerical models of concentration performance of a
solar collector, including 3D motion simulation, with characterization of the profile of
concentrated heat flux, simulation of mechanical stress and structural wind loads and seismic
characterization of foundations over typical geological situations such sites regions of
interest, estimates of "aging" of structures and mirrors, with respect to climate
characterization of reference countries (Egypt and Southern Italy), for use in initial design
and validated with experimental data from the final year. (ENEA, FI, CU, ASRT, RONDA);
f) On site optical qualification of the mirrors, i.e. shape conformity, reflectivity, etc., to ascertain
their reference characteristics during operation; (ENEA, FI, CU)
g) Testing for the control of dusting of the mirrors on site during operation, in order to assess
the management of cleaning operation; (FI);
h) Measurements of the optical characteristics on site of solar collectors, aimed to improve the
overall efficiency of the system operation. (CU)

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MATS Project

Task 2 – Experimental characterization during operation of the TES_SG - RTD (T24+12)


Validation of numerical models and tests of subsystem and components as assigned in WP A.2:

1. TES_SG subsystem
f. Set up with experimental data study and modelling of the TES_SG subsystem thermal-dynamics
and thermal stresses, including water/MS heat exchange and natural circulation of MS within the
SG. (ENEA, FI, CEA)
g. Assesment of the thermal stratification of MS and fluctuation of thermo-cline region during
operations of accumulation and release of thermal energy; (ENEA, FI, CEA)
h. Set up with experimental data of the numerical thermo-fluidynamic and thermo-mechanical
models (lumped parameters) for the study of the operation of the TES_SG apparatus, in normal
and accidental conditions, including the simulation of the thermal losses, the stratification of the
molten salts, the fluctuation of thermo-cline region during operation and the related condition of
thermo-mechanical stress at shell of the tank. Moreover it is foreseen the simulation of
mechanical and structural stress due to wind and seismic loads, the characterization of
foundations for the geological situations typical of the sites in the regions of interest, and the
estimate of "aging" of the structure. Characterization with respect to the climate of reference
countries (Egypt, Cyprus and Southern Italy), for use in initial design and to validate with data
from the final experimental operation.(ENEA, FI, CEA).

2. MS Mixture charge
b. Characterization of the MS mixture aimed to ascertain by experimental specific tests their
chemical-physical properties, their behaviour at the high temperature of MS in the respect of
thermo-chemical equilibrium between nitrates, nitrites and oxygen focused to its control during
operation; changes of phase during operation (solid-liquid). (ENEA, FI, CEA)

3. Special UPS for emergency power,


b. If implemented, the high efficiency thermo-electric converter for auxiliary emergency electric
energy supply, e.g. instead of a diesel group, will be tested during operation and characterized
for the performances during stand by and working conditions, also in the respect of TES_SG by
which it is fed with thermal power. (CU)

Task 3 – Experimental characterization during operation of the PB - RTD (T24+12)


Validation of numerical models and tests of subsystem and components as assigned in WP A.3:
a. Set up with experimental data of the numerical thermofluid dynamic and thermo-mechanical
models (lumped parameters) for the study of the operation of the PB system, in normal and
accidental conditions, taking into account the possible solution at high and reduced
thermodynamical conditions. Moreover it will be developed the simulation and optimization of the
combination of Solar Field, see WP A.1, and Power Block including the thermodynamical steam
cycle simultaneously using a coupled tool. Characterization with respect to the climate of
reference countries (Egypt and Southern Italy), for use in initial design and to validate with data
from the final experimental operation. (ENEA, FI).

Task 4 – Experimental characterization during operation of the HC subsystem - RTD (T24+12)


Validation of numerical models and tests of subsystem and components as assigned in WP A.4:
b. Set up with experimental data of numerical thermofluid dynamic and thermo-mechanical models
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MATS Project

(lumped parameters) for the study of the operation of the HC subsystem, in normal and
accidental conditions, taking into account the possible solution at high and reduced thermo
dynamical conditions; - Characterization with respect to the climate of reference countries (Egypt
and Southern Italy), for use in initial design and to validate with data from the final experimental
operation. (ENEA, ASRT, CU).

Task 5 – Experimental characterization during operation of the MSH subsystem - RTD


(T24+12)
Validation of numerical models and tests of subsystem and components as assigned in WP A.5:
a. Set up with experimental data of the numerical thermofluid dynamic models (lumped parameters)
for the study of the operation of the MSH, in normal and accidental conditions, will be
implemented, including the simulation of the thermal losses, thermo-mechanical stress at tube
bundle. Molten salt degradation rates will be experimentally studied and considered in the tube
bundle design. Moreover it is foreseen the simulation of mechanical and structural stress due to
wind and seismic loads, the characterization of foundations for the geological situations typical of
the sites in the regions of interest, and the estimate of "aging" of the structure. Characterization
with respect to the climate of reference countries (Egypt and Southern Italy), for use in initial
design and to validate with data from the final experimental operation. (ENEA, ARST, TE).

Task 6 – Experimental characterization during operation of the MED DU - RTD (T24+12)


Validation of numerical models and tests of subsystem and components as assigned in WP A.6:
Set up with experimental data of the numerical thermofluid dynamic models (lumped parameters) for
the study of the operation of the MED Desalination Unit, in normal and accidental conditions, well be
implemented, including the simulation of the thermal losses, thermo-mechanical stress at shell of the
tank. Moreover it is foreseen the simulation of mechanical and structural stress due to wind and
seismic loads, the characterization of foundations for the geological situations typical of the sites in
the regions of interest, and the estimate of "aging" of the structure. Characterization with respect to
the climate and the sea of reference countries (Egypt and Southern Italy), for use in initial design
and to validate with data from the final experimental operation. (ENEA, ASRT, FI, CU, DE).

Deliverables (brief description and month of delivery)


C.1 - Solar Field – TES_SG – Power Block - H/C Cogeneration Subsystem – MS Heater - MED DU -
Experimental Characterization final report, T0+36, ENEA
C.2 – Results of the demonstration with the MATS facility- Final report, T0+36 ENEA

Milestones (brief description and expected month)


C.1 - Solar Field – TES_SG – Power Block - H/C Cogeneration Subsystem – MS Heater - MED DU -
Experimental Characterization final report, T0+36, ENEA
C.2 – Results of the demonstration with the MATS facility - Final report, T0+36 ENEA

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MATS Project

Input Data / Interface

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MATS

Table 1.3 e: Summary of staff effort

Particip. WP1 WP2 WP3 WP4 WP5 WP6 WP7 WP8 WP9 WP10 WP11 WP12 WP13 WP14 WP15 WP16 WP17 WP18 Total
short person
name/N. months

EN/1 30,00 34,61 12,13 12,46 2,25 9,80 3,92 1,95 0,65 14,00 2,80 4,80 0,60 1,70 0,85 1,42 2,18 39,28 175,40
TE/2 10,00 44,60 44,60 37,49 33,50 24,50 49,00 9,75 16,25 17,50 17,50 24,00 15,00 19,02 11,89 11,89 163,68 19,64 569,81
AS/3 10,00 36,57 11,15 10,62 1,93 24,50 9,80 9,75 3,25 17,50 3,50 12,00 1,50 2,26 1,13 0,57 10,91 65,47 232,42
NR/4 5,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 21,82 32,74 59,56
DE/5 2,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 30,00 5,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 5,46 9,82 52,28
FI/6 3,00 4,91 2,45 8,46 1,45 9,80 3,92 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 8,40 1,05 0,57 0,28 0,28 2,18 26,19 72,95
CU/7 3,00 8,47 3,88 5,89 1,10 0,00 0,00 5,85 1,95 0,00 0,00 8,40 1,05 0,57 0,28 0,28 2,18 26,19 69,10
OR/8 3,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 23,78 0,00 0,00 21,82 32,74 81,34
RO/9 3,00 19,62 49,06 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 4,36 13,09 89,14
CE/10 3,00 17,84 3,57 8,55 1,51 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,57 0,28 0,28 2,18 26,19 63,97
AR/11 3,00 8,92 17,84 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 4,36 13,09 47,22
MATS Project

MATS WPs interdependencies (Pert diagram)

Project Management

Basic Engineering

Solar Field Heat & cold Power Control & MS Heater Thermal Water
co- block Automation & Biomass Storage desalination
generation System System & unit
Gasifier
subsystem SG

M1 M2 M3

M4

Plant design and


construction

M5

Operation, testing and


demonstration

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MATS

Risk management

Main challenges in the project are related with the development of novel components and their integration in
an innovative multipurpose combined heat-and-power generation unit powered by solar and biomass
sources. This is a medium risk area, but it is considered to be well-contained due to the proved extensive
experience of ENEA in the CSP technology (see, for example, the Archimede project), and to the extensive
experience of the consortium in the construction and management of industrial components/processes.
Moreover, the proposal’s technical risk management is based on the availability of a variety of technical
alternatives available through the project.
MATS Project

2. Implementation

2.1 Management structure and procedures


ENEA will assume responsibility for the overall Project Management and Administration and will appoint the
Project Coordinator (PC). It is well established world-wide as a research centre of a high standard with
significant experience in solar technologies. ENEA has a long experience in participating in and managing
European Projects.
In order to avoid an overload of responsibilities on a single person, the PC will be supported for the
administrative and financial duties by an Administrative-Financial Coordinator (AFC). The AFC will be
selected by the PC either among internally available personnel or from outside sources. The AFC must have
expertise in economical and financial duties and will work under the supervision of the ENEA Administrative
Offices who will supervise all his/her activity with respect to ENEA and the other partners. The duties and
activities of both figures are described later in this section. 2
he project coordinator will chair the main decisional body of the project. The Management Board (MB), and
the Project Coordinator will act as Deputy Chair.

2.1.1 Governing Bodies

Management Board (MB)


The Management Board (MB) will undertake the overall management of the project. The role of the
Management Board will be to collate all technical and formal decisions regarding the project and make
decisions on overall project strategy. This includes the following activities:
• Overall direction of the project. This includes discussing and proposing major changes in the work
plan in response to new problems or new situations;
• Approving major modifications to project plans;
• Dealing with non-performing partners;
• Establishment of arbitration policies;
• Consideration of long-term exploitation issues, including licensing and patenting;
• Training aspects;
• Technical co-ordination and exchange between work packages;
• Overall co-ordination and management of the project;
• Progress review;
• Control of planning and deliverables;
• Financial issues;
• Establishment of collaboration with other projects for knowledge exchange;
• Approval of advisory panel membership.
Members of the MB are the PC, the AFC, and Work package leaders. Project partners not already
represented will be asked to nominate a representative to be a member of the MB. The MB will be convened
every 6 months for the evaluation of the work undertaken thus far and for making appropriate decisions
regarding future work. Additionally, the MB can be convened at the request of any of the work package or
board leaders. Therefore, the MB will meet face to face at least 2 times every year. In addition to these
meetings, the MB will hold a monthly audio-conference. Any decisions will be taken by consensus or by
simple majority vote in the case where consensus is not possible. Changes to the work plan contained
within the proposal will need consensus or a qualified majority of 75%. The PC will solve any tie in the vote,
by discounting votes from partners with multiple MB members such that the final decision is based on one
vote per partner plus votes from PC.

It is expected also the presence of an eventual external advisory panel consisting of representatives from
potential users and interested third parties. This panel will provide advice on user priorities that will guide
MB decisions on project direction, plans and exploitation. Members of the panel will be expected to attend

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MATS Project

the project workshops outlined in the dissemination plan, and will be invited to submit advisory feedback to
the PC.

2.1.2 Management Functions

The project management will be organised at three levels in order to achieve the project objectives and to
favour decision making efficiency:
1. Project Coordination
2. Administrative-Financial Coordination
3. Work package (WP) coordination

Project Coordinator
ENEA will assume responsibility for the overall Project Management and Administration and will appoint the
Project Coordinator (PC). The PC will select the Administrative and Financial coordinator (AFC) who will aid
the PC in the management of the administrative and financial issues.
The PC in particular:
• Will be the sole direct interface for the project with the European Commission;
• Will coordinate at consortium level the technical activities in the project;
• Will coordinate at consortium level the knowledge management and the other innovation related
activities;
• Will oversee the promotion of the gender equality in the project;
• Will organise the project kick off meeting and will manage the organisation of MB meeting during the
project lifetime and their follow up in conjunction with the AFC;
• Will ensure the timely delivery of project technical deliverables including progress report and final report;
• Will be responsible for the setting up of an internal area of the project web site to be used as web-based
collaborative platform (BSCW or other).
• Will be responsible for the coordination of the dissemination and technology transfer activities in the
project.

Administrative-Financial Coordinator
The AFC will have the responsibility for the organization, planning and control of the administrative and
financial effort and, as previously mentioned, her/his work will be always checked by the ENEA
Administrative Offices.
The AFC in particular:
• Will ensure the timely delivery of cost statements and administrative documents;
• Will prepare, update and manage the consortium agreement between the participants;
• Will obtain and collect audit certificates from all the participants;
• Will obtain bank guarantees from SMEs (when and if applicable);
• Will collect partners cost statement and perform their Quality Assessment before delivering them to the
European Commission;
• Will organize the project kick off meeting and will manage the organization of MB meeting during the
project lifetime and their follow up in conjunction with the PC;

Work package Leaders


The lead partner of each work package appoints the work package leader. The role includes the following
activities:
• Co-ordinate the different tasks and activities covered by the work package and ensure effective
communication among the participants;
• Initiate corrective actions for deviations from agreed plans;
• Identify areas of emerging risk;
• Detailed monitoring of technical progress;
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MATS Project

• Take final decisions on technical methods and equipment to be used;


• Ensure the well-timed availability of work package deliverables;
• Co-ordinate the interaction and collaboration with other work packages;
• Convene work package technical meetings;
• Arrange technical reviews as required by the MB or the Commission;
• Represent the consortium at conferences and workshops and in all dissemination events related to the
work package;
• Provide timely input to the scenario work package;
• Provide all necessary information to the dissemination and technology transfer board when requested.

The leaders of the …nr……..work packages are listed in the following Table.

2.1.3 Progress Reporting


At the beginning of the project, a kick-off meeting will be held in order to start the process. At the end of
each subsequent milestone of the Project, an appropriate meeting will be held (either physical or virtual) for
the evaluation of the work done and for taking appropriate decisions for future work. In addition to this, a
written management report on the state of the project and a progress report will be produced following the
deadlines established in the EC contract year based on contributions from the work package leaders. All the
documents, including deliverables, will be submitted to the Commission for review only after being
successfully reviewed internally and approved by the MB. On a timely basis, the PC will collect the partners
cost statements and then forward these to the Commission. Finally, all documents will be prepared in
accordance with the guidelines received by the Commission.

2.1.4 Basic Rules for Effective and Cost Efficient Coordination


The communication language of the project will be English and all official documents and communications
will be written in this language. Project information will be exchanged through the circulation of working
papers and through project meetings. As a means of rapid cost-efficient information exchange between the
partners, electronic mail will be the preferred medium. A filing code will be assigned to each document:
these will be defined during the kick off meeting. A BSCW or comparable web-based collaborative working
platform will be installed from the start of the project and will provide easy, but secured access to all project
related electronic documents. The tools, system configurations and file formats will be agreed upon at the
kick off meeting, with preference being given to the extent of possible cost efficient open source tools. In
addition, careful choice will be given to the implementation language employed, with preference given to an
object-oriented language such as C++ or Java, to allow for effective reuse of software components. Physical
meetings will be restricted to the minimum necessary and the selection of times and places will be strongly
influenced by cost considerations. To every extent possible, physical meeting will be replaced by phone
calls or videoconferences.

2.1.5 Project progress Control and Planning


The co-ordination and follow-up procedures for monitoring progress and responding to changes are set and
executed regularly by the Management. Figure 3 shows the cyclical monitoring process as it is implemented
in the course of the project. Accordingly, the progress of the project and the outlook for exploitation of the
results will be periodically reviewed and compared to the planning and success criteria described in this
work programme. At the milestones reviews, the progress of the project and the outlook for exploitation of

71
MATS Project

the results will be critically reviewed compared to the planning and criteria described in this work-
programme. Cycle time will be six months.

• A d a p ta tio n o f w o r k p la n • W o rk c o n te n ts

• In itia tio n o f c o r r e c tio n • S c h e d u le ( m ile s t o n e s )


• C a p a c it y ( B u d g e t )

44 11
RReevvis
isio
ionn PPla
lannnnin
ingg

33 22
AAnnaaly
lyssis
is EExxeeccuutio
tionn

• W o rk c o n te n ts a n d p r o g r e s s • In fo r m a tio n o n w o r k in p r o g r e s s
• C o n te n ts • C o n s o lid a tio n /c r e a tio n o f r e p o r ts
• M il e s to n e s r e s o u r c e s

Fig. 3 The cyclical monitoring process

2.1.6 Dissemination activities beyond the consortium


Essential activity for the project is the realization of an adequate Europe-wide and MENA-wide
dissemination campaign with the specific aim to:
• Create awareness of the project during the first phase;
• Disseminate results obtained from various work packages of the project;
• Collate contacts and expressions of interest in a “potential partners database”;
• Create the basis for the exploitation of the project results;
• Perform dissemination of success stories regarding demonstration actions realised inside the project
in order to promote broad adoption of the technological solutions developed inside the project.

An established procedure and a corporate image that will be provided to the outside world will be created as
part of this activity.
Several sub tasks are foreseen for the dissemination activity:
• Dissemination and Technology Transfer internal procedures and plan definition;
• Establishment of Dissemination Standards;
• Quality assurance;
• Integrated Project Web Site and e-newsletter;
• Events and other media;
• Project contacts database;
• Establishment of external collaborations.

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MATS Project

2.2 Individual participants


In tab. 7 are listed the proposed partners of the project .

Tab. 7 – Partners of the Project


Participant ID Organisation short name A2-Link E-mail(s)

1 ENEA fabrizio.fabrizi@enea.it
2 TECHNIP KTI spa iaquaniello.g@ktispa.it
3 ASRT tarek@asrt.sci.eg
4 NREA amrmaamin@yahoo.com
5 DE s.salem@delft-environment.net
6 Fraunhofer ISE werner.platzer@ise.fraunhofer.de
7 CU c.l.sansom@cranfield.ac.uk
8 ORASCOM ashraf.sami@orascomci.com
9 RONDA tsimonetti@ronda.it
10 CEA patrice.tochon@cea.fr
11 ASE Paolo.martini@angelantoni.it

PARTNER 1: Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Sustainable Economic
Development – ENEA (Italy)
Organization Profile: ENEA, the Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the
Sustainable Economic Development is a public undertaking operating in the fields of energy, the
environment and new technologies to support competitiveness and sustainable development. Nearly half of
ENEA’s approximately 3200 employees are researchers and engineers operating in ten research centres
located across Italy. Among others ENEA’s fields of activities are: Renewable and clean energies; New
fuels; Higher energy efficiency ; Development of environmentally-friendly products and processes; Waste
cycle, water treatment, and CO2 capture.
Roles in MATS project: ENEA will be responsible for the project coordination. Beyond that ENEA will be
actively involved in all technical project activities, as pointed out in the MATS work plan.
Suitability and commitment: The SOLTERM team in ENEA has an experience of more than 10 years in
both national and international co-operative RTD projects concerning the application of solar radiation in
CSP systems for heat and power production, including materials research, techno-economic system
analyses, feasibility and market studies, engineering, plant operation simulation and performance prediction,
plant construction, and solar field design. This suitability is well demonstrated by the management of
projects at the pilot scale in the ENEA-Casaccia research centre with the 100 meters long trough test plant
and the MO.S.E. (Molten Salts experiments) facility, and with the 5 MWe plant built in Sicily for the
Archimede Project.
Key personnel
Ing. Fabrizio Fabrizi will coordinate the project. He received academic degrees at the University of Rome
in Nuclear Engineering (Rome, 1976). From 1979: ENEA C.R. Casaccia, Rome: Researcher in industrial
Thermal-hydraulics; Head of "Industrial Thermal-hydraulics" Laboratory (1984); Director of "Industrial Plant
Technologies" Division (1991); Director of "Environmental Services" Sector (1993); Special charge of
General Manager of public company (Consorzio NA3) for MSW disposal in landfill (1996); Head of
Experimental Facility Engineering for the Solar Thermodynamic Project (2001). Project Management for a

73
MATS Project

lot of R&D programmes focused to the analysis of industrial plants technologies and to the experimental
qualification of innovative or advanced technologies for processes and equipments. Expert in thermal-fluid-
dynamics, thermo-mechanics, energy and environmental plants engineering. The scientific production
includes over 50 papers and 1 patent.

Dr. Ing. Alberto Giaconia received academic degree in Chemical Engineering at the University of Palermo
in 2000 and Ph.D. degree in 2005 on Chemical and New Materials Technology. From 2004 he is permanent
researcher at ENEA working in the solar-thermal chemistry and engineering within the SOLTERM team.

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MATS Project

PARTNER 2: TECHNIP KTI S.p.A. (Italy)


Organization Profile: TECHNIP KTI S.p.A. (Rome-Italy) is an international process engineering company,
with over 35 years' experience in designing and implementing plants for the chemical, petrochemical and
refining industries. The development and continual updating of in-house technologies, and a nucleus of
process specialists with consolidated international experience acquired in over 500 projects, make
TECHNIP KTI a technological world leader.
TP KTI's core competences include:
- processing, both at well-head and in refinery, with special technologies for the sulphur recovery cycle
- hydrogen and syngas production
- refining, petrochemical and chemical units
- high temperature technologies (process furnaces, chemical reactors and incinerators)
- environmental engineering
- Infrastructures
- plant operation and maintenance

Roles in MATS project: As main contractor of the project, TP-KTI will be involved in engineering,
procurement and plant costruction. TP-KTI will follow engineering of all the equipments/materials realizing
the detail engineering for plant critical parts, and will supervise the whole plant assembling.

Suitability and commitment: Previous experience in TREBIOS technology: Technip KTI has been involved
in several projects regarding molten salts storage and handling.

Key personnel
Mr. Gaetano Iaquaniello, TP KTI Vice President Technology and Business Development, has more than
40 years in designing and operation of chemical plants particularly in syngas manufacturing unit, previously
was the technical director. He received his MS in C.E. from University of Rome in 1975, is doctor of the UER
de Sciences-University of Limoges in 1984 and got a MS in Management from the London Business School
in 1997. Specialization: Gas, chemical and environmental process design and operation, sales support and
businesses definition, project execution and management.
Dott. Erika Lollobattista (Project Engineer)
Ing. Alessia Mangiapane (Project Coordinator)

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MATS Project

PARTNER 3: Academy of Scientific Research and Technology, ASRT (Egypt)


Organization Profile: The Egyptian Academy of Science, nonprofit organization, provides a public service
by ensuring independent, unbiased assessments of the sciences and by representing the sciences both
within Egypt and internationally. Its mission is to provide a source of credible, independent, expert
assessments on the sciences underlying pressing issues and matters of public interest and to provide a
voice for Egypt on behalf of the sciences, both nationally and internationally. The ASRT is the executive arm
of the Egyptian Ministry of Scientific Research with respect to the design and implementation of Research
programs. It also manages a number of projects funded by foreign agencies (USA, Sweden, France,
European commission) in addition to funding a number of research projects through national (Egyptian)
programs.

Roles in MATS project

Suitability and commitment: member of the study group organized by EASAC (the European Academies
Science Advisory Council), that provides scientific advice to Europe's policy makers on the potential
opportunities for collaboration on the science and implementation of Concentrating Solar Power CSP.
.
Key personnel
Prof. Amin rceieved his B.Sc. from Helwn University, Egypt in 1978. Since 1978 he has been emplyed by
Helwan University. He received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. from New Mexico State University, USA, in 1982 and
1986, respectively. He joined Balcones Energy Research Center, the Universtity of Texas at Austin as post
doctorate research associate. He also worked as visiting lecturer at the Faculty of Technolgy, Saudi Arabia
from 1993 to 1999. In 2000 he was appointed as a full professor at Helwan University. He has been the
Vice Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, Helwan University since 2005
He participated and managed many national and multinational funded projects. These projects are in the
areas of energy optimization, renewable energy, and educational developments. He is currently coordinating
a solar desalination projects and green solid wastes disposal..
Dr. Abo-Hashish received his B.Sc., M.SC., and PH.D. From Cairo University, 1990, 1996, and 2002
respectively. From 1991 till March 2007 he has been employed by National Research Centre, Solar Energy
Department, Cairo, Egypt. He participates in several research projects relating to design calculations,
feasibility study, installation, and maintenance supervision of solar energy projects.

Professor Khalil is a professor in Mechanical Power Engineering Department at Cairo University, Egypt.
He also worked as a visiting professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Nuclear Research Center at
Karlsruhe (Germany), American University in Cairo- Egypt, and Head of Mechanical Engineering
Department U.A.E University, U.A.E. Prof. Khalil received his Ph. D degree in Mechanical Engineering,
from the University of Wisconsin, Madison-Wisconsin, M.Sc. and B.Sc. Degrees in Mechanical Engineering
from Cairo University. Prof. Khalil is a professor of heat transfer, refrigeration and Air conditioning.

M. Sabry A. Abdel-Mottaleb received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from Ain Shams University, Cairo, and his
Dr.rer.nat. degree from Friedrisch Schiller University, Jena, Germany. Since 1973, Sabry Abdel-Mottaleb
has supervised over 70 research students that led to M.S. and Ph.D. degrees being awarded in
spectroscopy, material (nano) sciences, applied photochem, and environmental photochem including
photocatalysis, drug photostabilities, and chemical solar cells and solar chemistry.

Prof. Abdel Hamid has a good experience with Energy research projects funded nationally and/or
internationally. Some of these projects are:

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MATS Project

He Development of the first hybrid renewable(wind and PV) energy system in Sinai: project funded by
USAID coded ULP230 in collaboration with Davis University in California, USA- already completed and
delivered.
He is the PI of RDI project (S2/J8/35) to develop the first PV tracking system made in Egypt- already
completed and delivered in Dec. 2009. Prof. Abdel-Hamid has a preliminary acceptance of another national
wind energy project for " Wind farms siting in Egypt based on a GIS-GSS".

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MATS Project

PARTNER 4: New & Renewable Energy Authority, NREA (Egypt)

Organization Profile: NREA was established to act as the national focal point for expanding efforts to
develop and introduce renewable energy technologies to Egypt on a commercial scale together with
implementation of related energy conservation programs . NREA is entrusted to plan and implement
renewable energy programs in coordination with other concerned national and international institutions
within the framework of its mandate, which includes: - Renewable energy resource assessment. - Research,
development, demonstration, testing and evaluation of the different RE technologies focusing on solar, wind
and biomass. - Implementation of renewable energy projects. - Proposing the Egyptian standard
specifications for renewable energy equipment & systems, and conducting tests to evaluate their
performance, under the Egyptian prevailing conditions, hence issuing respective licensing certificates to that
effect. - Rendering of consultancy services in the field of renewable energy. - Technology transfer and
development of local manufacturing of Renewable Energy equipment. - Education, training and information
dissemination.

Roles in MATS project

Suitability and commitment:


.
Key personnel
Engineer Fekry received his B.Sc. from Helwn University, Egypt in 1984. Since 1987 he has been
employed by NREA. He has a experience in the field of renewable energy specially in the solar energy,
conducting several projects in this field starting from Solar Water Heaters, ending with CSP projects.
Engineer Fekry conducting a training program on O&M of the Solar Electricity Generation System, 5X30 Mw
Solar thermal Power Plants for 2 months, and training program on "Senior Executive program" carry out by
Harvard Business School. Engineer Fekry has been responsible about the 140 Mw Integrated Solar
Combined Cycle Power Plant at Kuraymat (ISCC-Kuraymat), he was the project director for developing the
project , preparing the tender documents, evaluate the offers, until singing the contract. His position now in
NREA is the Head of Studies & Research Sector in charge of the Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) File, Site
selection, Planning over medium and long terms and Preparing the projects proposals, Primary feasibility
studies for the projects to be presented to the financiers. Engineer Fekry is a team Member representing
Egypt in the related activities under MSP including the participation in the Meetings, workshops &
conferences as well as preparing the documents.

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MATS Project

PARTNER 5: Delft Environment (Egypt)

Organization Profile: DE is a well-established independent practice of International Consultants providing


Project Management, Technical Water and Environmental Consultations, Designs service and Capacity
Building & Public awareness.
The Practice undertakes feasibility studies, surveys, design and construction monitoring, specialist reports,
advisory services including expert evidence for Water Management Strategies (WMS) and Training
workshops & Seminars. A variety of services are provided including project management, surveys, design,
construction supervision and monitoring and litigation services.

Roles in MATS project

Suitability and commitment:


.
Key personnel

Dr. Eng. M S Moussa is a senior environmental consultant in water technology at DE, Senior Lecturer at
the civil engineering department, Faculty of Engineering Mataria, Helwan University, Egypt and a guest
lecturer in the field of industrial water management at the UNESCO-IHE Institute, Delft, The Netherlands. Dr.
M. S. Moussa holds a Ph.D. in Sanitary Engineering from TU Delft University, and is experience from water
supply and sanitation and Desalination systems Design, Modelling and Optimization. He also has
Coordinating skills, and has been managing a three years TEMPUS project at Helwan University. He has
been also involved in many R&D projects on water and wastewater management in Egypt and the
Mediterranean area.
Eng. Tarek Waly received his MSc in sanitary engineering in 2004 from the UNESCO-IHE and is expecting
to receive his Ph.D. from TU Delft University in 2010. He is a Desalination and Water Treatment sector
manager at DE. He conducted feasibility studies for water treatment, seawater and desalination projects,
Integrating renewable energy in water application (Solar & Wind) projects. He conducted several projects on
optimization of Seawater Reverse Osmosis desalination plant systems in Egypt and in the Middle East
region. He is specialist in the conceptual design, tender documents preparation, Cost analysis and process
optimization for Desalination, Water and Wastewater Treatment designed projects.
Dr. Eng. Sonia A. F. Salem is a Senior consultant in wastewater technology at DE consultancy. Dr. Salem
finished her Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering in 2005 at TU Delft University, The Netherlands. She is an
International Coordinator and Instructor for UNEP/GPA (United Nations Environment Programme/The
Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Landbased Activities) and
for the Regional Activity Centre for Cleaner Production (RAC/CP). Dr. Salem has been involved in many
projects on cleaner production and improvement of water quality management in the Mediterranean region,
with a special focus to Egypt.
Dr. Mostafa M. Abdalla received his BSc in aerospace engineering from Cairo University in 1997, his MSc
in 2000 and his Ph.D. from Delft University of Technology in 2004 where he currently works as an assistant
professor. His activities with Delft Environment focus on renewable energy and its applications to the water
and wastewater sector.

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MATS Project

PARTNER 6: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung d. angewandten Forschung e.V. (ISE)


(Germany)
The Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (FhG-ISE, Fraunhofer ISE) is Europe's largest solar
energy research institution and part of the Fraunhofer society, Germany's organization of industrial-related
applied research and development. The institute collaborates in numerous national and international
projects, especially numerous European R&D projects, the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme and
the Solar Paces Programme, e.g. IEA Task 10 on Solar Materials, Task 18 on Advanced Glazings, Task 27
on Performance Assessment of Solar Building Envelope Components and the IEA Absorber Materials
Durability Testing Group.

Roles in MATS project Fraunhofer ISE is pursuing R&D on material research and component development
for concentrating collectors since about 10 years. There is a long year experience in materials and
component development as well as monitoring and durability testing e.g. for absorber coatings, mirrors and
other solar materials. An optimisation tool has been developed connecting cost functions, specific boundary
conditions, meteorological data and performance models to minimize the levelised electricity cost of CSP
plants.

Suitability and commitment: A variety of optical, fluid dynamical, FEM, thermo-dynamical cycle and
system simulation tools are available. Considerable experience and equipment in optical and solar system
testing is available. Fraunhofer ISE has mainly worked on collector issues connected to the Linear Fresnel
Collector and Parabolic Trough Collector but increasingly focuses also on complete large solar thermal
power plants as well as industrial plants with combined heating and cooling options (polygeneration). Solar
systems for polygeneration of process heat, power and useful cold are developed and a test stand for small
power engines under dynamic input of heat has been built. Within a national project the feasibility of
combined heating and power in a medium size plant between 50 kWel and 5 MWel has been investigated.
.
Key personnel
Dr. Werner Platzer is physicist and head of the department “Material Research and Applied Optics” at
Fraunhofer ISE with more than 80 employees. He is working in the field of solar technologies since 1984.
The focus of his current research is on the development of solar thermal power technology and
concentrating collectors with an emphasis on the Linear Fresnel Collector, optics and performance
assessment and quality control for concentrating collectors, heat transport optimization, thermodynamics
and energy performance as well of CSP-plants as combined heating, cooling and power using medium-
scale solar fields. He has authored more than 180 articles and conference papers and is teaching Solar
Thermal Energy courses at the University of Freiburg.
Dipl-Ing. Anton Neuhaeuser is mechanical engineer for energy and process engineering. He is manly
working in the area of small scale solar co/poly-generation. He developed a simulation tool for small
systems producing electricity heat and/or cold. To be able to investigate the behaviour of expansion
machines working with concentrating collectors he managed the development of a dynamic simulation tool
and the erecting of a test facility. He is working also with computational fluid dynamics analyzing for instance
thermal loss mechanisms, heat transfer and flow problems.
Dipl.-Ing. Helena Hülsey is mechanical engineer and working in the field of systems simulations using for
example tools like TRNSYS. She is expert in the analysis of experimental data using parameter
identification techniques. Moreover she is working in projects developing solar concentrating collectors
specially adapted for medium size poly-generation plants.
Dipl.-Ing. Gabriel Morin is economical engineer with a long year experience in design, simulation and
economical optimisation of solar thermal power plants. At the moment he is finalizing his PhD in techno-
economical simulations by coupling the solar collector field simulations to the thermodynamic simulation of
power plants. He coordinates the market area Solar Thermal Power Plants of Fraunhofer ISE.

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MATS Project

PARTNER 7: Cranfield University (UK)


Cranfield University specifically operates in the areas of engineering, manufacturing, management, energy
and the environment. This project is supported through the Precision Engineering Centre (PEC). PEC is an
internationally recognized centre of excellence in precision, ultra precision and micro-engineering. It is a
NASA approved supplier of space mirrors and operates the UK's X- ray optics facility at Cranfield. PEC
leads the processing module of EPSRC's Grand Challenge project entitled 3D Mintegration, is the lead
partner in the EPSRC funded Integrated Knowledge Centre (IKC) in Ultra Precision Structures Surfaces
(UPS2), and a partner in the FP-7 collaborative project “Integ-Micro” which is developing new production
technologies by the integration of multi-process engineering techniques. PECs extensive facilities include:
grinding, polishing, diamond turning, RAPT plasma, CAD/CAM, FEA, dynamics modal testing/design
systems, temperature controlled machine assembly laboratories, CMM and laser (optical) based metrology
facilities and numerous machine alignment and performance testing systems.

Roles in MATS project. A1.3: Contribute to the solar collector work. Cranfield University Precision
Engineering Centre is world class at the production of optical surfaces.
A4 and A6. Harvesting of waste heat from various parts of the installations (and subsequent re-use or
thermo-electric conversion) by the utilization of nanotechnology, ferro-fluids, and coatings, to demonstrate a
small-scale ultra-high efficiency waste heat energy harvesting technology. This would demonstrate
enhanced overall efficiency of the plant.

Suitability and commitment:

Key personnel
Dr Chris Sansom is Senior Lecturer within the Precision Engineering Centre, Course Director of the “Ultra
Precision Technologies” Masters programme, and Knowledge Transfer Manager of UPS² (comprising
Cranfield University, in partnership with the Institute for Manufacture of the University of Cambridge, and
University College London. Dr Sansom has over 20 years experience in the UK engineering industry with
GEC, Marconi, and Perkin Elmer. At Cranfield University he is now involved in the development of new
technologies to enhance the ultra precision 3D-patterning of surfaces and structures. His current research
interests include energy harvesting from powered machines, especially industrial machine tools; and the
application of ultra precision machining to power generation (solar, wind, nuclear fusion).

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MATS Project

PARTNER 8: Orascom Construction Industries, OCI (Egypt)

Organization Profile: OCI is a leading construction contractor active in the emerging markets. Ranked
among the largest construction contractors in the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia and among the
top 200 global contractors by Engineering News Record, OCI offers unrivalled quality, vision, and
determination to perform above and beyond targets. 2009 ENR Ranking: Top International Contractors, OCI
ranked 41st, OCI’s 2008 consolidated revenue is around $3.7 Billion USD.

Roles in MATS project

Suitability and commitment: On Renewable Energy, the Ministry Of Electricity of Egypt, through New and
Renewable Energy Authority (NREA), has awarded OCI the first Solar Power Plant in Egypt on "EPC Basis".
OCI was the only local contractor qualified and had the chance in competing for this work against foreign
companies.
.
Key personnel

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MATS Project

PARTNER 9: RONDA Group (Italy)


Organization Profile:
The Ronda Group has in life several Research Projects with the Veneto R&D Innovation Department
(Veneto Nanotec/Nanofab at Marghera- Venice ) also in the Solar technologies The most important of this
Project has the mission to obtain an atomic layer deposition of the Silver on a plastic surface to eliminate the
glass for Solar Mirrors.

Roles in MATS project WP2: In Solar Field Work Package, RONDA can procure and build the entire Solar
Collectors subsystem

Suitability and commitment:


Ronda High Tech has concluded at 2009 December the STAR Project - one year length - (Solar Thermal
High Efficiency system ). The project has been developed with the CNR –INOA of Florence and the National
Astrophisics Institute of Arcetri (Florence) and financed by the Tuscany Region. The goal was to realize a
rotating solar field with adaptative mirrors’ geometry and to rise a concentration efficiency factor of 2.5 point
– plus - in comparison with the Parabolic Trough concentration.factor (see the website : www.inoa.it/STAR/ )
The goal has been obtained in June 2009. In 2007 Ronda High Tech has subscribed a Research Contract
with ENEA/Casaccia to develope an innovative mirror based on a thin glass mirror (0.85 mm of thikness )
and a support utilizing a Composite Industrial Compound (SMC) jointed together with a bi-adesive film. In
the middle of 2008 the mirror was tested with success. This mirror is actually mounted in the ENEL 4.5 MW
CSP Plant with Molten Salts at Priolo Gargallo near Siracusa, Italy.
.
Key personnel
Eng. Tancredi Simonetti: starting from 2003 involved in the Renewable Solar Energy technologies of
Ronda Group (CSP )and Executive Manager of Ronda High Tech. Program Coordinator for the MATS

Eng Giannantonio Miste’: Quality assurance and Quality Control of Ronda spa/Ronda High Tech
for assembling the Solar ENEL CSP PLANT at Priolo Gargallo Vice-Coordinator for MATS

Eng. Massimo Vicentini: Manufacturing Director of the Solar Products in Ronda Group. Planning Director
for production and assembling ENEL CSP PLANT at Priolo Gargallo.

Eng Marcella Tombolato: R & D and innovation responsible for MATS

Arch. Giovanni Ronda: Ronda Group President and General Super visor for MATS

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MATS Project

PARTNER 10: French Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat à l'énergie atomique, CEA) (France)
Organization Profile: The CEA is a public body established in October 1945 by General de Gaulle. A
leader in research, development and innovation, the CEA mission statement has two main objectives: To
become the leading technological research organization in Europe and to ensure that the nuclear deterrent
remains effective in the future. The CEA is active in three main fields: Energy, information and health
technologies, and defence and national security. In each of these fields, the CEA maintains a cross-
disciplinary culture of engineers and researchers, building on the synergies between fundamental and
technological research. In 2006, the total CEA workforce consisted of 14 910 employees (52 % of whom
were in management grades). Across the whole of the CEA (including both civilian and military research),
there were 1,017 PhD students and 278 post-docs.

Roles in MATS project

Suitability and commitment:


CEA is involved in GreenDistric through the Technological Research Division of the CEA, the CEA LITEN
(Laboratory of Innovation for New Energy Technologies and Nanomaterials), having the role of developing
New technologies of Energy, focusing on three key areas: photovoltaic energy, hydrogen and fuel cells and
nanomaterials addressing building, transport and mobile electronics as main markets.
The newly created INES is the French national research institute for solar energy. It results from the
gathering of most of the French research actors in the field of solar energy. More than 150 researchers from
CEA, CNRS and Savoy University are already working at INES. The participation of CEA to INES facility is
organized in 4 main activities.
• R&D for Photovoltaic: Silicon production, PV cells (silicon, organic)
• R&D for Electrical Solar Systems : Photovoltaic systems, Electrical storage systems
• R&D for low consumption buildings : Building integration of solar energy ; new generation of
buildings, eco city
• R&D for Thermal systems (LETh): Solar thermal systems including CSP, thermal storage, energy
efficiency for industry and buildings

Key personnel
Dr. Philippe PAPILLON is a project leader in the field of thermal solar energy in the company since
December 2005
Active in the field of thermal solar energy for more than 20 years, previously head of R&D team in a French
company (from 1992 to 2005). He is Expert in a French technical committee dealing with solar components.
He is also at the European level, the subtask leader within Task39 from SHC program dealing with
“polymeric materials for solar applications”

Ing. Jean-François Fourmigué is a project leader in the field of thermal storage in the company since 2001
Active in the field of thermal storage for more than 5 years, previously head responsible for CFD modelling
for heat transfer applications. He is Expert for CEA in the field of Energy Efficiency

Dr. Bernard Thonon is a project leader in the field of CSP in the company since 2008. He holds a Ph-D in
mechanical engineering and has 20 years of experience in the area of energy efficiency and renewable
energy technologies. He has participated and coordinated several national and European projects. He has
published article and book chapter in the area of heat transfer and is the chairman of the Heat-SET
conference series. He his presently in charge of the solar concentrated programme at the Laboratory

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MATS Project

PARTNER 11: Archimede Solar Energy, ASE(Italy)


Organization Profile:

Roles in MATS project: WP2: In Solar Field Work Package, ASE can procure and build the entire Receiver
Tubes subsystem

Suitability and commitment:


.
Key personnel
Mr. Paolo Martini, he followed the complete market development and placement of the Receiver HEMS08.
He has been the coordinator for others National and European projects. Actually he is the Business
Development Director of ASE.

Mr. Claudio Raggi, with more than 6 years of experience in Receiver Tubes Engineering. He made the
complete Process Development and tests for the actual Receiver HEMS08, including the laboratory and
Pilot Plant characterization. Now he is the Process Engineer Manager of ASE.

Mr. Sandro Donnola, he is responsible for the product planning and execution throughout the HEMS08
lifecycle, including: gathering and prioritizing product and customer requirements, defining the product vision,
and working closely with engineering, sales. He participate to a several project with Italian R&D institute.
Now she is the Product Specialist for the ASE HEMS08 Receiver Tube

2.3 Consortium as a whole


The successful realisation of MATS requires an integrated effort by research centres, universities, industry
and SMEs with an accentuated research component according to the requirements of the tasks ahead. A
trans-national collaboration with well-balanced complementarities of skills is necessary to maximize the
effectiveness of such cooperation.
In particular it is necessary to integrate knowledge and expertise in CSP technology and process
engineering. Therefore, to address all these different issues, the consortium has been structured with the
objectives of a suitable complementary research interaction and a good vertical integration with support
from industrial partners.
The tasks in each WP have been carefully allocated to participating partners according to their skills.
Beyond that the structure of the project is such to recruit the best talents of each partner working for the
selection of the best materials and the development of different components.

2.4 Resources to be committed


The costs of the activities of the project are summarized in tab. 8.

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MATS
Tab. 8 – Resources to be committed
Paerticipant No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
TOTAL
Participant name EN TE AS NR DE FI CU OR RO CE AR
Cost model NDIRECT COSTSINDIRECT COSTSAT RATE OF 20%T RATE OF 20%AL INDIRECT COSTSUAL INDIRECT COSTS T RATE (P.T.60% AT RATE OF 20%AT RATE OF 20%NDIRECT COSTSNDIRECT COSTS
Labour rate p/m 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Overheads 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
RTD PERSONNELCOSTS
Effort RTD activities 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
RTD direct costs 776.166,00 1.578.400,00 221.889,00 0,00 60.000,00 266.645,00 201.440,00 0,00 196.240,00 263.900,00 89.200,00 3.653.880,00
RTD indirect costs 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
RTD Personnel total costs 776.166,00 1.578.400,00 155.323,00 66.567,00 60.000,00 266.645,00 201.440,00 0,00 196.240,00 263.900,00 89.200,00 3.653.880,00
RTD OTHER COSTS
Subcontracting 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0
Consumables 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Durable equipment 203.908,00 0,00 62.250,00 0,00 0,00 64.235,00 40.990,00 0,00 0,00 50.785,00 0,00 422.168,00
Travel 120.504,75 0,00 46.424,80 0,00 0,00 67.214,70 62.792,20 0,00 0,00 66.404,95 0,00
Other costs 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Total other direct costs 324.412,00 0,00 76.072,00 32.602,00 0,00 131.449,00 103.782,20 0,00 0,00 117.190,00 0,00 785.507,20
Total other indirect costs 0,00 0,00 15.214,00 0,00 0,00 26.290,00 20.757,00 0,00 23.438,00 0,00 85.699,00
Total RTD other costs 324.413,00 0,00 91.286,00 0,00 0,00 157.739,00 124.539,20 0,00 0,00 140.628,00 0,00 838.605,20

TOTAL RTD COSTS 1.100.579,00 1.578.400,00 246.609,00 66.567,00 60.000,00 424.384,00 325.979,20 0,00 196.240,00 404.528,00 89.200,00 4.492.486,20
TOTAL RTD FUNDING 825.433,00 789.200,00 184.956,00 49.925,00 30.000,00 318.288,00 244.483,00 0,00 98.120,00 303.395,00 44.600,00 2.888.400,00

DEM PERSONNELCOSTS
Effort DEM activities 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
DEM direct costs 671.473,00 4.019.666,00 248.303,00 109.120,00 40.553,60 357.457,00 334.212,00 78.103,00 665.192,00 344.007,00 352.992,00 7.221.078,60
DEM indirect costs 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
DEM Personnel total costs 671.473,00 4.019.666,00 248.303,00 109.120,00 40.533,00 357.457,00 334.212,00 78.103,00 665.192,00 344.007,00 352.992,00 7.221.078,60
DEM OTHER COSTS
Subcontracting 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0
Consumables 0,00 1.300.780,00 0,00 0,00 5.000,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 1.305.780,00
Durable equipment 0,00 5.379.920,00 0,00 0,00 20.000,00 0,00 0,00 665.700,00 1.373.680,00 0,00 499.520,00 7.938.820,00
Travel 0,00 321.683,70 0,00 31.644,80 18.402,24 0,00 0,00 18.387,74 75.807,60 0,00 54.845,60
Other costs 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Total other direct costs 0,00 7.002.383,00 0,00 31.645,00 43.402,24 0,00 0,00 684.087,00 1.449.488,00 0,00 554.365,60 9.765.370,84
Total other indirect costs 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 110.873,12 110.873,12
Total DEM other costs 0,00 7.002.383,00 0,00 31.645,00 43.402,00 0,00 0,00 684.087,00 1.449.488,00 0,00 665.238,72 9.876.243,72

TOTAL DEM COSTS 671.473,00 11.022.049,00 248.303,00 140.765,00 83.935,00 357.457,00 334.212,00 762.190,00 2.114.680,00 344.007,00 1.018.230,72 17.097.301,72
TOTAL DEM FUNDING 335.736,00 5.511.024,00 124.151,00 70.382,00 41.976,00 178.728,00 167.106,00 381.095,00 1.057.339,00 172.000,00 509.115,36 8.548.652,36

MGT COSTS
Effort MGT 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
MGT direct costs (personnel) 450.000,00 50.000,00 20.000,00 10.000,00 6.000,00 20.000,00 20.000,00 6.000,00 20.000,00 20.000,00 20.000,00 642.000,00
MGT direct costs (other) 300.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 12.000,00 420.000,00
MGT indirect costs 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00
Audit certificate 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 1.500,00 16.500,00
TOTAL MGT COSTS 751.500,00 63.500,00 33.500,00 23.500,00 19.500,00 33.500,00 33.500,00 19.500,00 33.500,00 33.500,00 33.500,00 1.078.500,00
MGT FUNDING 751.500,00 63.500,00 33.500,00 23.500,00 19.500,00 33.500,00 33.500,00 19.500,00 33.500,00 33.500,00 33.500,00 1.078.500,00

OVERALL COSTS 2.573.552,00 12.663.949,00 528.412,00 263.434,00 163.435,00 815.341,00 693.691,00 781.690,00 2.344.420,00 782.035,00 1.140.932,00 22.750.891,00
OVERALL FUNDING 1.912.669,00 6.363.724,00 342.607,00 143.807,00 91.476,00 530.516,00 445.089,00 400.595,00 1.188.959,00 508.895,00 567.215,00 12.495.552,00
MATS

The consortium has already achieved a mobilisation of both public and private funding sources as well as
the critical mass of partners and personnel. Private funding comes both from the industrial partners involved.
The Projects financial resources are carefully distributed among the various WPs as well as among the
partners, depending on their allocation of tasks. The financial resources suffice to secure the Projects’
evolution and completion.

3. Impact

3. 1 Impact

Substantial worldwide reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is expected by 2020 by exploitation of


renewable energy sources. As stated in the European Commission’s SET Plan “reinventing our energy
system on a low carbon model is one of the critical challenges of the 21st Century”.
To achieve this objective, the efficient and cost-effective conversion of solar energy to utilizable energy
vector is a must.
The proposed project follows these requirements, since MATS proposal involves the optimal utilization of
available renewable resources with combined production of heat and power for industrial and residential use.
Additionally, the topical problem of water supply by desalination is considered. It is clear how all these
technical subjects will have a relevant positive impact in the actual energy scenario and in the country
involved by the adoption of the TREBIOS technology, with the possibility to distribute fundamental vital
sources like energy and water, with high flexibility related to the available renewable sources (solar,
biomass), at small-medium scale level. Provided these assumptions, MATS’ expected impact may be
identified in the following domains:
- Lowering the costs of renewable energy and demonstrating solar power application’s scalability.
By optimizing the technology of basic components, the results of the MATS project will contribute to make
this system cost-effective and competitive, with regard to conventional fossil-fuel based systems.
Multipurpose facilities as those developed through MATS project will efficiently contribute to the objectives
as stated in the European Industrial Initiatives (contained in the SET plan), with specific regard to the Solar
Europe Initiative, by realising a plant based on an innovative technology avoiding CO2 emissions and
capable to produce electricity and heating during night time and with rainy weathers and to store/conserve
energy for relevant amounts of time. Further, through the implementation of MATS project, the consortium
wants to show that CSP technologies are not just something confined to the science laboratory, but
something efficient and cost-effective enough to be put to use on a much larger, industrial or commercial
scale.
- Contributing to the use and development of renewable energies. MATS project will demonstrate the
technical and economic viability of molten salt solar thermal power technologies to deliver clean, cost-
competitive bulk electricity without negative environmental impact. In this process, strong attempts to use
local energy sources and to reduce energy transmission losses will be pursued, thus granting sustainability
to local territories and communities.
- Placing EU research organisations and industries in the leading position in low carbon
technologies. MATS project positively answers to the requirements of the SET plan, as far as the need of
establishing partnering initiatives between public investment and the private sector, as clearly shown in the
consortium’s composition. By proposing the use of a new technology in a third country, the project faces the
challenge of tackling the problem through a global and international dimension, strengthening the
international cooperation-related aspects and easing up the adoption, deployment and diffusion of
advanced technologies in emerging and developing economies. Representing Egypt an interesting country
for Europe, in terms of production of solar energy, the creation of a plant involving industrial, academic and
political actors, contributes to the
strengthening of the future possibilities of exchange of energy between the two regions.
MATS Project

Since the project represents the transfer of a technology originally funded through Italian public financing
into a new international context, the need of mobilising public financial community is perfectly fulfilled by the
project.

Further, MATS project will contribute to the objectives pursued by the “DESERTEC” initiative. This concept
aims at giving a response to the emerging need of providing sustainable energy sources to EUMENA
countries (Europe, Middle East and North Africa) through renewable, low cost and sustainable energies and
through the establishment of a framework for investments to supply the involved regions with power
produced using solar and wind energy sources. Representing the problem of dependency, interconnection
and security of energy supply a current issue within the most current energy debate, close cooperation with
a country like Egypt may, in this perspective, boost the cooperation framework as proposed by DESERTEC.
By deploying European solar technologies in a north African country, on a source of energy which is
practically unlimited and which provides good performances in terms of sustainability and environment
compatibility, MATS will strengthen the cooperation framework and will integrate the discussions currently
going on in the above-mentioned initiative, creating exploitation and commercial initiatives with countries
from the region. In this framework, MATS project’s benefits will be twofold: on the one hand it will be
possible to strengthen DESERTEC’s objectives, by exploiting European tools and concepts, thus increasing
European industrial profitability and innovative technologies into a foreign market. On the other hand it will
be possible for Egypt and later for MENA countries, to adopt a modern and reliable technology providing
optimal characteristics in terms of sustainability and environment compatibility, in the deployment of solar
energy production facilities and interconnection-related activities.

As a consequence of the activities and results proposed by MATS, the renewable energies market will be
strengthened, increasing welfare, employment and awareness levels in stakeholders’ countries. Necessary
steps leading to the fulfilment of the project and to a sound local/international impact will be:
- a proper coordination in the implementation of the installations, in the engineering and demonstration
activities, as well as in the collection of data and results (the deployment of the facility’s components,
as well as their adjustment in the Egyptian climate/context will play a key role);
- a sound management of partners, through targeted involvement, tasks fulfilment and clear/updated
internal communication;
- a focused external communication based on the awareness raising of renewable energy use and on
the diffusion of the objectives pursued by the project.

3.2 Dissemination and/or exploitation of project results, and management of intellectual


property
The consortium will define a realistic, coherent and consistent Project Communication Action Plan to be
implemented by the consortium at the beginning of the project. Such an instrument is essential for MATS’
partners and involved stakeholders in order to raise awareness related to the project objectives and
activities within research communities, industries and policy makers of Europe and South Mediterranean
countries. The dissemination strategy will therefore aim at supporting the importance of innovative energy
solutions, produced in Europe and to be adopted by ICPC, as well as at reporting the project’s
implementation and state of the art. Audience will be duly targeted in the implementation of dissemination
activities by analysing recipients, contents and modalities to be used for project promotion.
The main issues that will be pursued by the consortium in the MATS Project Communication Action Plan are
the following:

• Publications in general Scientific popular press,


• Publications in the daily/weekly press, specialized magazines (at national supranational and
European level),
• Issuing of press releases to local, national or international press at suitable occasions,

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MATS Project

• Drawing of a newsletter, issued every 4 months and sent to main stakeholders and interested actors
(general public will be able to subscribe to the newsletter through the website),
• Organisation of media events such as press conferences, exhibitions or information days, (for
example on the occasion of a project meeting, of a milestones achievement or of an international
event/initiative like the EU Sustainable Energy Europe Week – EUSEW ),
• Production and dissemination of effective media information: e.g. printed brochures, flyers and
participation to national TV/radio programmes dealing with renewable resources, environments,
international cooperation,
• Participation at trade fairs, workshops, suitable conferences,
• Organisation of a workshop at an international conference on the MATS project at the end of the
project.
• Creation of the consortium brand to be reported in dissemination tools and activities throughout the
life of the project (the mention of the EC support will be present in all dissemination instruments),
The Communication Plan, through its material and dissemination channels, will work in order to transfer
knowledge elements to the widest professional audience (producers, system designers, installers, builders
etc.) as well as to most important decision makers involved in the project (policy makers, ministries, local
authorities…). In this activity, all MATS partners will be involved through own contacts and networks.
A MATS related web-page will be installed and launched with an area open to the general public to supply
relevant information for potential users of technologies/products developed by MATS. The open area of the
web-page will be interactive in order to allow the consortium and the coordinator to constantly monitor
external requirements and to provide access to new interested stakeholders. The website will give visitors
the opportunity to get acquainted with:
- the description of the project (vision, phases, partners involved, technology used),
- the plant operation (facts, engineering, technology, production, thermal storage, capacity),
- the project location (geographical maps, address and contacts),
- online demonstration (video) on the facility reporting the facilities’ components and testing,
- information toolkit (in the form of demonstrations and documents) aiming at educate and increase
general public’s awareness on renewable energies’ benefits,
- “articles” and “news” section (reporting articles and papers on MATS, as well most updated news
related to renewable energy solutions, developments and funding schemes),
- newsletter registration and links to partners’ websites and main stakeholders involved.
An internal moodle area will allow the consortium to upload and share documents, agendas and project’s
documents, providing the consortium with good grades of interoperability. Within this section a database will
be created and updated by each partner through contacts achieved at the various events, through the web
site or other dissemination media. The database will be a useful source for the dissemination activities
(sending of the newsletter, invitation to events, general project promotion) but also for the project
exploitation objectives, once the EC funding finished.
The dissemination activities will be carried out through synergies involving all project partners, thus
providing clear, technical and up-to-date information. The activities will be coherent and compatible with the
project structure, work plan and budget, as well as with the instruments and facilities available both in
Europe and in the Egyptian context. The main decisions (events, target groups, communication tools,
contents, layouts) will be taken through a participatory approach, involving the whole consortium’s partners.
EC tools and initiatives will be used, where possible, for promoting MATS activities to the widest number of
addressees in its dissemination activities (CORDIS website, DG Environment’s press releases, Environment

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newsletter, RTD info magazine), further to those ordinary used by the partners of the consortium (website,
newsletters, magazines…)

The exploitation and portability-related aspects of MATS will be analyzed in the evaluation process of the
multipurpose facility performance. By exploring the technical reliability and evaluating the economic
feasibility of the process of converting solar thermal energy through the TREBIOS technology into electricity,
it will be possible to draw a strategy for re-implementing the project into other contexts. This strategy,
integrated through commercial scenarios and feasibility studies, will be based on three main aspects :

ENVIRONMENTAL/TECHNICAL MARKET/ECONOMIC POLICIES


ASPECTS PROFITABILITY
MATS’ energy saving capabilities cost/effectiveness (management, legislative constraints (legislative
(storage capabilities, cells’ performances, maintenance and prevention costs, changes, ownership right and national
heating temperatures production…) exploitation into already existing legislation, disputes…)
initiatives…)

MATS’ portability into new geographical timing (administrative burdens, openness of national legislation towards
contexts (adequacy to climate context, components’ sending procedures, MATS’ objectives, national thematic
estimation of solar radiation hours, land’s deployment, logistical aspects…) priorities
geotechnical situation…)

other fuels local availability (fossil, wind, revenue estimation, profitability of the timing (licenses, negotiations, permits
hydro, biomasses…) new initiative for connection to local grids…)

possibility of alternative power generation concurrence and presence of national/regional authorities’ support
systems
competitors

location accessibility and security (theft, Investments by other stakeholders, matching funds availability
vandalism, acceptance by local inclusion of new partners
community)

… … …

The above-mentioned aspects are not exhaustive, provided the necessity of deeply analyzing new contexts
of implementation of MATS facility into other geographical, commercial and legislative contexts and to
minimize risks.
Further to private investments sought throughout the life of the project, other sources of funding (through
European, national, regional and private programme) will be deeply analyzed and taken into consideration,
in order to provide sustainability and portability to the project, into new contexts. EU funding instruments
such as the “MED” transnational Programme, “ENPI” Cross Border Cooperation Programme, the “ACP-EU
Energy Facility”, the “Development Cooperation Instruments” and the opportunities given by the 7th
Framework Programme will be thoroughly analyzed for exploiting MATS results and transferring them into
further contexts.
Generally speaking, MATS’ facility and its structure might be easily exploitable and replicable into other
countries or geographical contexts sharing climate conditions similar to those where the multipurpose facility
will be installed (Egypt). Mediterranean basin’ countries will be therefore perfectly eligible for the adoption
and transfer of TREBIOS technology into their contests, together with those offering long periods of
radiation hours, not necessary bordering with Europe or facing the Mediterranean sea.

The arrangements for the management of the Intellectual Property Rights is an important aspect,
provided the varied nature of the consortium (with institutional, academic and private background).

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This issue will be defined in an Internal Consortium Agreement and will be prepared on the basis of the non-
binding guidelines published by the Commission. The Consortium Partners will provide existing knowledge
that is reasonably required for proper execution of the project to concerned Partners, so as to allow clear
and transparent procedures for the handling of the issue. The provisions on protection of Intellectual
Property will be established in detail in the document to be realised once the project started, specifying
conditions (e.g. non-disclosure, confidentiality, partners’ role and ownership, sublicensing, pre-existing
knowledge, special conditions) as to how existing knowledge that belongs to a Consortium Partner or to the
consortium as a whole, has to be handled in commercial contexts. The document will report partners’ rights,
obligations and decision-making procedures.
The consortium agreement will also contain provisions for external arbitration in exceptional cases where
intellectual property ownership cannot be agreed by the partners concerned and the dispute cannot be
resolved by the Management Board.
In principle, the consortium agreement will contain issues related to:

- the internal organization of the consortium.


- intellectual Property Rights arrangements.
- settlement of internal disputes, pertaining to the consortium agreement.
- commercial agreements for further results exploitation.

In case of successful selection of the project, the consortium agreement will be prepared right after the
negotiation phase, in order to have it signed before the entrance in force of the contract with the commission.

5. Consideration of gender aspects


Women are under-represented in scientific research in European and foreign countries. The percentage of
women participation varies with the scientific field and the country, but remains in average in lower
percentage than the overall desired value of 40% that is the goal of the European Commission. It is widely
appreciated that the obstacles and cultural barriers that discourage women from pursuing careers in science
are rooted in the secondary education system and hence effort to reverse the situation should be aiming at
increasing the percentage of young girls in studying mathematics, physics and chemistry during their high
school years. Positive effects of projects such as MATS on this issue can mainly be realized by promoting
appropriate “practices” and “role models”, during the public dissemination activities of the project. In this
context it is planned to undertake initiatives to promote the results and approaches of the project in schools
and universities in order to trigger the interests of women in the project.
Beyond that the coordinators’ institution has achieved broad experience in gender equality issues and will
make use of that for MATS.
Many female researchers will be involved in MATS project.

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