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STABILIZER

A Report submitted
In partial fulfilment of the RequirementsFor the
DIPLOMA IN ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING
By
KAPIL DEV
GAURISHANKAR GAUTAM
CHANDRASHEKHAR CHAUHAN
VIJAYRAJ PRACHETA
SUSHEEL SHAH
VIPIN KUMAR
VINIT KUMAR YADAV
SANDIP KUMAR
RAVI PRAKASH
AMAN KUMAR GOND

Under theSupervisor
LECTURER SUBHASH CHAND
(ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING)

MAHAMAYA POLYTECHNIC OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY


BACHHRAUN, AMROHA
CERTIFICATE

Certified that Kapil Dev, Gauri Shankar Gautam, Chandrashekhar Chauhan,

Susheel Shah, VijayrajPracheta, Vipin Kumar, Aman Kumar Gond, Sandip

Kumar, Ravi Prakash, Vinit Kumar Yadav have carried out the project work

presented in this report entitled “STABILIZER” for the award of Diploma in

Electronics Engineering from M.P.I.TBachhraunAmroha under my supervision.

The report embodied result of original work, and studied are carried out by the

student themselves and the contents of this report do not from the basis for the

award of any of the other degree to candidate or to anybody else from this or

any other University/Institution.

Signature:

Date:
ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The completion of any project brings with it sense of satisfaction, but it is never

complete without those people who made it possible and whose constant

support has crowned our efforts with success.

Wearethankfulour guide Mr SUBHASH CHAND, Lecturer ofElectronics

Department M.P.I.T. BachhranuAmroha. We also would like to thank all the all

staff members and lab assistants & whole department for providing us all

required facilities and support towards the completion of the project.

We would also like to thank Mr. SUBHASH CHAND, Lecturer ofElectronics

Department , M.P.I.T. BachhraunAmroha, who help us to overcome our

problems during the completion of the project.

We are extremely happy to acknowledge and express our sincere gratitudeto

our parents for their constant support and encouragement and last but not the

last, friends and well wishes for their help and co-operation and solutions to

problems during the completion of the project.

KAPIL DEV
GAURI SHANKAR GAUTAM
CHANDRASHEKHAR CHAUHAN
VIJAYRAJ PRACHETA
SUSHEEL SHAH
VIPIN KUAMAR
VINIT KUMAR YADAV
SANDIP KUMAR
RAVI PRAKHASH
AMAN KUMAR GOND
ABSTRACT

All electrical and electronic systems are designed and manufactured to operate

at maximum efficiency with a given supply voltage, called the nominal

operating voltage.

For various reasons the voltage of the energy distribution does not remain

constant, showing considerable fluctuations in the nominal value, which leads to

the apparatus, not only a loss of efficiency (sometimes even the impossibility of

operation), but also a significant increase in failure rate.

The stabilizers are electronic devices responsible for correcting the voltage of

the electrical power supply to provide a stable and secure power supply to

equipments, allowing for a stable voltage and protecting the equipment from

most of the problems of the mains.

Like UPS, voltage stabilizers are an asset to the protection of electrical and

electronic equipment.

The main function of a stabilizer is to make the output voltage that feeds the

equipments connected to it as much as possible equivalent to the ideal electrical

power supply, ensuring that the oscillations in electrical power are offset, and its

output maintain a stable value, preventing them from being experienced by

equipments and thereby avoiding their damage.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Certificate

Abstract

Acknowledgements

List Of Tables

CHAPTER 1: Introduction of Stabilizer 1-4

1.1: Principle & working of Stabilizer

1.2: Circuit Diagram of Stabilizer

CHAPTER 2: Transformer 5-13

2.1: Introduction of Transformer

2.2: Principle & Working of Transformer

2.3: Block Diagram of Transformer

CHAPTER 3: Relay 14-23

CHAPTER 4: Components of PCB Circuits 24-36

4.1: Zener Diode

4.2: Diodes

4.3: Resistors

4.4: Capacitors

4.5: Transistors

4.6: Mosfet